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Plants Present in Each Bed

1 Plants Present in Each Bed Mata Bejuco, Suncho hembra Barbascu, Soliman, Chilca 3 4 5
1 Plants Present in Each Bed Mata Bejuco, Suncho hembra Barbascu, Soliman, Chilca 3 4 5

Mata Bejuco, Suncho hembra

Barbascu, Soliman, Chilca1 Plants Present in Each Bed Mata Bejuco, Suncho hembra 3 4 5 Monte Linaza, Beso

3 4 5
3
4
5

Monte Linaza, Beso de Novia, Coca, Ojé, Matapalo, Wasawi, Uva

Piqui Pichana, Charcot, Masasambo

Mocco Mocco, Amor Seco, Yanawacta, Chanca Piedra

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6
7 8 9 10 11
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8
9
10
11

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Corta Corta, Hierba Luisa, Zarza Parrilla

Kuchi Much’u, Camote, Té, Malva

M Amargo, Limón
M
Amargo, Limón

Pampa Yahuar Chonca, Miramé pero no me Toques, Botoncillo, Pampa Hierba de Cancer

Suncho macho, Pájaro Bobo,Yawar Piri Piri, Tobacco, Manka P’aki

Palo Santo or Tangarana, Ayawaskha, Chuchuhuasi, Sano Sano, Pan de Árbol, Corisacha or Bobinsana, Guayaba Blanca, Hierba de Cáncer

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2 Chilca Asteraceae - Baccharis sp. Herb. Stem angular. Leaves opposite, ovate, with serrate margin.
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Chilca
Asteraceae
- Baccharis sp.
Herb. Stem angular.
Leaves opposite,
ovate,
with serrate
margin.
There are many species of Chilca in the Amazon, which have a variety of
different important uses. Famously the plant was sent to the
Venezuelan president, Hugo Chavez, by Bolivan president, Evo Morales .
on taking the ‘magical herb’ he was apparently cured. Locally this
variety of Chilca is used in an infusion of the leaves to treat a variety of
-
externally for use as a pain killer.
-
3
Monte Linaza*
Malvaceae - Heliocarpus americanus
Tree. Leaves
alternate, hirsute,
broadly ovate
with acuminate
In Quechua this plant is called ‘Llausa pancho’. The wood is light and
3 Beso de Novia Rubiaceae - Psychotria poeppigiana Herb to 1.5m tall. Leaves opposite. visible
3
Beso de Novia
Rubiaceae - Psychotria poeppigiana
Herb to 1.5m tall. Leaves opposite.
visible along leaf margin. Inflorescence
conspicuous red bracts. Flowers with
yellow petal tube.
Known as ‘hot lips’ in English for obvious reasons; its Spanish name
translates as ‘wedding kiss’. Beso de Novia has long been used for
medicinal purposes. The crushed, boiled plant is used as pain relief for a
variety of aliments. The stem is rubbed on skin rashes. The sap from the
flowers is used as ear drops to treat ear ache. Finally the flowers are
used to treat colds and coughs.
3 Coca Erythroxylaceae - Erythroxylum coca marked by two lines parallel to leaf midrib. vitally
3
Coca
Erythroxylaceae - Erythroxylum coca
marked by two lines parallel to leaf midrib.
vitally important crop in the Peruvian Amazon. Indeed one of the
theories for why Machu Picchu was built was to grow Coca and
therefore reduce dependency on the Coca grown by the tribes in the
rainforest which the Inkas were never able to fully conquer. It is the
consumed in a tea, mashed, chewed, or made into a powder and drank
3 Ojé Moraceae - Ficus insipida -oblong leaves (12 - 25 cm long and 5
3
Ojé
Moraceae - Ficus insipida
-oblong leaves (12
- 25 cm long and 5 - 10 cm wide). Leaves dark green above with pale veins.
A fig present across South America, but most commonly found in the
powder and exported all over the world. If not prepared properly
however the latex is toxic.
3 Matapalo Moraceae - Ficus paraensis Tree. Very large leaves (up to 40 cm long
3
Matapalo
Moraceae - Ficus paraensis
Tree. Very large leaves (up to 40 cm long
-oblong, with
prominent veins darker than leaf.
A member of the fig family, which is hemi-
Most importantly in the local area the resin is used to hold homemade
powdered ash of burned young stems is ingested as a treatment for
children's diarrhea. Matapalo can also be used for the removal of
parasites.
3 Wasai Arecaceae - Euterpe precatoria Palm. Stems solitary, 3-20 m tall. Pinnate leaves, leaflets
3
Wasai
Arecaceae - Euterpe precatoria
Palm. Stems
solitary, 3-20 m
tall. Pinnate leaves,
leaflets lanceolate,
glabrous,
pendulous. Fruits
black, spherical,
diameter ca.1.5cm.
fruits is rare but they can be used to make juice. Wasai is used to treat
very popular remedy and so can be expensive to get hold of. The
liquidized roots are also used to treat malaria in Northern Peru.
3 Uva Vitaceae - Vitis vinifera Woody vine, flaky bark. Tendrils bifurcate. Leaves palmate with
3
Uva
Vitaceae - Vitis vinifera
Woody vine, flaky bark. Tendrils
bifurcate. Leaves palmate with toothed
edges.
over the world. Uvas (grapes), have been thought to
have medicinal value for thousands of years. Several
ancient Greek philosophers praised the healing power
u
support of uvas’ healing power is lacking, except for seed extract,
proven to treat chronic venous insufficiency and edema.
4 Piqui Pichana Scrophulariaceae - Scoparia dulcis Small, weedy herb. Leaves small, ovate, with Raceme
4
Piqui Pichana
Scrophulariaceae - Scoparia dulcis
Small, weedy herb.
Leaves small,
ovate, with
Raceme of small
white flowers.
Piqui Pichana is a Quechuan word meaning ‘flea away’, although we can
find no reference of it being used for flea removal. It is a very important
menstrual disorders and fever; the leaf juice is employed externally for
wounds and hemorrhoids. The plant has shown promise in a number of
contain some chemicals previously unknown to science .
4
Charcot
Polygalaceae - Polygala violacea
when crushed. Flower pink, ca.1
cm wide, with two oval side
petals.
4 Masasambo Annonaceae - Rollinia mucosa Small, bushy tree. Leaves alternate, folded inwards along mid-rib.
4
Masasambo
Annonaceae - Rollinia mucosa
Small, bushy tree. Leaves alternate,
folded inwards along mid-rib. Flowers
with three wings. Large fruit, green
Found all over the Amazon, this tree is in the same family as Cherimoya.
The fruit is similar being of a creamy or slimy texture (depending on
who you ask) and with a hint of lemon. Masasambo can also be used to
make juices, ice cream, milkshakes and wine. The seeds of the fruit are
5
Mocco Mocco*
Piperaceae - Piper hispidum
Shrub. Nodes swollen. Leaves and
stem covered in fine indumentum,
Spikes erect and straight.
-
5 Amor Seco (Pirca) Asteraceae - Bidens pilosa Erect herb, up to 1 m. Leaves
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Amor Seco (Pirca)
Asteraceae - Bidens pilosa
Erect herb, up to 1 m. Leaves
opposite, serrate, subdivided into 3 -
5 leaflets. Capitulum to 1 cm wide,
yellow flowers, no ray florets. Black
spiky fruit, each seed with three
Amor Seco is used to flavour food in many countries and is very
important in Chinese folk medicine. In Peru the leaves are rubbed on
wounds to disinfect them. The whole plant is also used to induce labour
5 Yanawacta Verbenaceae - Stachytarpheta cayennensis Herb. Leaves opposite, ovate with serrate margin and -
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Yanawacta
Verbenaceae - Stachytarpheta cayennensis
Herb. Leaves opposite, ovate
with serrate margin and
- 30
cm long). Flowers small,
tubular 5-lobed petals, purple.
A common plant throughout the tropics of the Americas. Some
consider it a weed while others grow it for ornamental reasons.
Yanawacta is a very important medicinal plant to indigenous people of
the Amazonian. It is used to treat a variety of different ailments. In Peru
it is used for lowering a fever in children and to treat diabetes.
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5
Chanca Piedra Phyllanthaceae - Phyllanthus niruri
Chanca Piedra
Phyllanthaceae - Phyllanthus niruri
Small oval leaves (0.5 cm long), appear pinnate. Flowers on underside of stem, 5 pale
Small oval leaves (0.5 cm long),
appear pinnate. Flowers on underside
of stem, 5 pale green petals with white
margin. Fruit spherical.
throughout
the
world.
It
is
a
very
important
medicinal
plant
in
Chanca
indigenous peoples, including diabetes, malaria, dysentery, fever, flu,
documented
history
of
use
in
the
region,
the
plant
is
generally
6 Palta Lauraceae - Persea americana - 30 cm long, 5 - 15 cm wide.
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Palta
Lauraceae - Persea americana
- 30 cm long, 5 - 15 cm wide.
Small flowers (<1 cm) in clusters
at end of branches. Pear shaped
fruit with leathery skin.
Thought to have originated in Mexico and Central America and long
over the world in tropical and Mediterranean climates. Important in
to wash snakebites with; cooked with bread and burnt sugar to treat
bloody diarrhea; the oil can be applied to soothe burns; or the stone is
6
Cañagria*
Costaceae - Costus guanaiensis
Herb to 2 m. Leaves drooping, lanceolate,
spiraled around stem. Terminal
inflorescence an elongated cone, tubular
flowers, outside of petals pale cream and
inside pink.
fever. It can also be used to treat malaria.
6 Achiwa Achiwa Bignoniaceae - Jacaranda copaia Tall tree. Trunk straight, pinnate leaves (umbrella). Leaflets
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Achiwa Achiwa
Bignoniaceae - Jacaranda copaia
Tall tree. Trunk straight,
pinnate leaves
(umbrella). Leaflets
A large tree whose wood is useful for poles and framing roofs. ‘Achiwa’
is a Quechua word meaning umbrella or parasol, in reference to the
canopy structure. Achiwa Achiwa grows throughout the Amazon. The
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Yuca
Euphorbiaceae - Manihot esculenta
Shrub to 2.5 cm tall. Palmate
leaves with 5-7 deep pointed
spherical with 6 prominent
ridges.
Yuca (Cassava/Yuka) is one of the most important food crops globally
stop bleeding), while the starch mixed with rum has been used for skin
problems, especially for children. Other indigenous uses include
6 Rata Rata Malvaceae - Triumfetta abutiloides Bushy small shrub to 1.5 m Alternate leaves,
6
Rata Rata
Malvaceae - Triumfetta abutiloides
Bushy small shrub to 1.5 m
Alternate leaves,
pubescent stellate hairs,
young leaves red-
Fruit in pendulous
racemes, spiky capsules.
Rata Rata is a Quechua name. A tea made of the seed capsule is used to
combat hair loss. Rata Rata is also used in a cold tea to facilitate
childbirth and in a bath to lower fevers.
6 Matico Matico or Cordoncillo*
Piperaceae - Piper aduncum
Shrub. Nodes swollen. Leaves
Inflorescence spikes pendulous.
also a very important medicinal plant with a variety of uses. The Spanish
learned that applying the leaves to his wounds stopped them from
6 Café Rubiaceae - Coffea arabica Small shrub. Leaves opposite, wavy margin Spherical fruit up
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Café
Rubiaceae - Coffea arabica
Small shrub. Leaves opposite, wavy margin
Spherical fruit up to 2 cm long.
The worlds most popular drink and second most valuable commodity. It
about 2% of GDP. Medically the top leaves of the shrub are taken to
combat depression and fevers. A mixture of the leaves and the beans
are also used to facilitate births.
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Corta Corta*
Cyperaceae
Grass-like herb. Stems
The name in Quechua is Cocho Cocho. Medicinally the roots are taken
(with other plants) to treat menstrual cramps. Another species of Corta
Corta is also present in bed 8.
7 Hierba Luisa Poaceae - Cymbopogon citratus Compact grass. Leaves light green, linear, 20 -
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Hierba Luisa
Poaceae - Cymbopogon citratus
Compact grass. Leaves light green, linear, 20 -
100 cm long and ca.1 cm wide. Lemon scent
when crushed. Abrasive if run finger down the
leaves.
Indonesia
but
is
now grown
in
tropical
regions all over the world. It has long been
used in cooking, herbal medicine and more recently the oil has been
extracted for perfumes. The stem is used as a popular tea flavour,
7 Zarza Parrilla Smilaceae - Smilax sp. Woody vine. Pairs of thorns on stem at
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Zarza Parrilla
Smilaceae - Smilax sp.
Woody vine. Pairs of
thorns on stem at
A woody vine that can grow to 50 m long, climbing high into the
rainforest canopy. Zarza Parrilla has been used for centuries by the
indigenous people of the Amazon. Tribes in Peru use it to treat
headaches, joint pain and the common cold. Many shamans also use it
8 Kuchi Much’u Asteraceae - Pseudelephantopus spicatus Low growing, spreading herb. Leaves alternate, very hairy.
8
Kuchi Much’u
Asteraceae - Pseudelephantopus spicatus
Low growing, spreading herb. Leaves alternate,
very hairy. Flowers in terminal inflorescence
spike. Petals pale pink/purple.
name meaning ‘pig neck’, due to the leaves’ rough texture. This species
has been used to treat various health problems all over the world,
especially in south-east Asia. In the Amazon, fresh roots of Kuchi
8 Camote Convolvulaceae - Ipomoea batatas Creeping or climbing herb. Dark purple stem. Leaves 3
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Camote
Convolvulaceae - Ipomoea batatas
Creeping or climbing herb. Dark
purple stem. Leaves 3 palmate
with cordate base. Flowers
campanulate, purple or white.
years ago and has since become popular worldwide. The name Camote
comes from náhuatl, an Aztec language, and means protector of
not have sufficient milk for their babies can eat the leaves to increase
8 Té Theaceae - Camellia sinensis Shrub. Leaves alternate, thick and glabrous, margin 5 thick
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Theaceae - Camellia sinensis
Shrub. Leaves alternate,
thick and glabrous, margin
5 thick white petals and
many yellow stamen.
The origin of tea is not clear but we do know that it originated
somewhere in South-East Asia. It is now grown all over the world. Tea
the Amazon region it is taken for heart disease and heart pressure
8 Malva* Malvaceae - Malachra alceifolia Herb or small shrub. indumentum. Stellate hairs. Leaves palmate,
8
Malva*
Malvaceae - Malachra alceifolia
Herb or small shrub.
indumentum. Stellate
hairs. Leaves palmate, 3 -
5 lobed, elongated,
margin toothed. Flowers
yellow.
stomach ache or a hangover. It is also used to cool a fever .
9 Uña de Gato Rubiaceae - Uncaria guianensis Woody shrub. Pair of claw-like thorns at
9
Uña de Gato
Rubiaceae - Uncaria guianensis
Woody shrub. Pair of claw-like thorns at leaf base, curved to curled. Leaves
the South American rainforest. Its Quechua name is ‘Meche Sillo’, ‘Cat’s
Claw’ in English. The bark and roots have been used for centuries to
treat a range of medicinal problems. In Peru, Uña de Gato has been
immune system, help relax internal muscles, dilate blood vessels and
studies have suggest it may kill tumor and cancer cells. Uña de Gato is
in clinical trials.
A second species, Uncaria tomentosa, also grows locally and has similar
9 Palo de la Quina Rubiaceae - Tree. Opposite pairs of branches spiral around trunk.
9
Palo de la Quina
Rubiaceae -
Tree. Opposite pairs
of branches spiral
around trunk.
Leaves opposite,
glabrous, very large
(up to ca.50 x 30
cm).
- 3000
rainforest’s most famous and most important discoveries. It is the
-malarial which, legend has it, was
introduced to the West by the countess of Chinchon (the wife of a
Peruvian viceroy) who was cured of malaria by it. It quickly spread
-malarial drug. Iquitos
are widely used, although the natural form is being revisited as it has
in poorer regions around the world today, but it must be prepared
carefully as large doses are toxic.

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9 Ortiga Macho Urticaceae - Urera carcasana Woody stem with fine spines in rows. Leaves
9
Ortiga Macho
Urticaceae - Urera carcasana
Woody stem with fine spines in
rows. Leaves large, long-ovate,
serrate, covered in hairs with
A very common plant in the
Amazon, it is know as ‘Kisa
Orcco’ in Quechua. The thorns
are used to prick tumors and
Also present in this bed is
which is a related species
(with smaller leaves, white underside). It has the same uses.
9 Jayapa Solanaceae - Brugmansia sp. raised on underside. Large campanulate flowers. Jayapa are an
9
Jayapa
Solanaceae - Brugmansia sp.
raised on underside. Large campanulate flowers.
Jayapa are an exceedingly important group of
Amazonian plants, eclipsed only by Ayawaska in
their spiritual importance. They are known as
‘Angel’s Trumpet’ in English. Jayapa are very
powerful and dangerous hallucinogens. One species (B. insignis) is used
heal illness and divine the future. Other tribes use it to contact the spirit
However overuse is believed to cause insanity and there have been a few
reported deaths. The boiled leaves are also used to treat snakebites.

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9 Naranja Amargo Rutaceae - Citrus aurantium Thorny shrub or tree. Leaves alternate, glabrous, with
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Naranja Amargo
Rutaceae - Citrus aurantium
Thorny shrub or tree. Leaves
alternate, glabrous, with pellucid
dots, margin crenate. Leaves ca.5 x
10 cm. Thorns at leaf base, just above
orange when ripe. Very strong citrus
scent.
flavouring and as a solvent. Worldwide it has been popular as an
excessive use has been linked to a number of deaths and considered
9
Limón
Rutaceae - Citrus limonum
Small thorny shrub or tree. Leaves
Oval fruit, yellow when ripe. Thorns up
to 1 cm. Citrus scent.
medicinal purposes. The oil and juice of the fruit is used globally for
juice is used as a disinfectant.

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10 Pampa Yawar Ch’onqa Low growing herb. Leaves alternate, ovate, margin serrate, veins raised on
10
Pampa Yawar Ch’onqa
Low growing herb. Leaves alternate, ovate,
margin serrate, veins raised on upper
hairs. Flower stalks equal to leaf length. 5
pale pink petals.
This Quechuan name translates literally
as ‘floor blood suck’, possibly due to the
plant drawing nutrients out the soil.
Medicinally the leaves are taken in a
tea to treat internal injuries and as an
-inflammatory.
10
Mírame pero no me Toques
Fabaceae - Mimosa pudica
Spreading herb. Pinnate leaves
fold when touched. Hairy
pinkish stems. Inflorescence
pink/purple and spherical.
Mírame pero no me Toques is very common in the
the ‘shy’ leaves. Its Quechua name is Ama llamichikuq. The plant has
mouth and throat. The leaves have also been used in a tea, which is

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10 Botoncillo Asteraceae - Acmella ciliata Low growing herb, stems erect to 30 cm. Stems
10
Botoncillo
Asteraceae - Acmella ciliata
Low growing herb, stems erect to 30 cm. Stems dark purple. Leaves opposite,
ovate, serrate. Capitulum yellow, slightly conical. Petals of ray florets to 0.5
-
10
Pampa Hierba de Cáncer
Lamiaceae - Marsypianthes chamaedrys
Ground-cover herb. Stem square.
Leaves ovate, crenate margin.
Hairs on leaves with swollen base,
visible as fine dots. Inflorescence a
spherical cluster of flowers.
Pampa Hierba de Cáncer is used
for washing infected wounds and
indigenous uses, compounds in the plant have been shown to be
-venoms.

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11 Suncho Macho Verbenaceae - Lantana camara Sprawling shrub. Square stem with small thorns. Leaves
11
Suncho Macho
Verbenaceae - Lantana camara
Sprawling shrub. Square stem with small thorns.
Leaves opposite, coarse texture. Cluster of tubular
flowers with variable colours, red-orange-yellow.
range as a result of its use as an ornamental plant in gardens. The leaves
are boiled and applied to swelling and painful areas. The bark of Suncho
Macho is used to treat ulcers. Current medical studies have shown that
the species may reduce blood pressure.
11 Pájaro Bobo Asteraceae - Tessaria integrifolia - lanceolate. Upper and lower surfaces fine hairs.
11
Pájaro Bobo
Asteraceae - Tessaria integrifolia
-
lanceolate. Upper and
lower surfaces
fine hairs.
Pájaro Bobo usually grows on the banks of rivers. The bark is chewed to
relieve toothache. A drink is also made of the bark and leaves to treat

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11 Yawar Piri Piri Iridaceae - Eleutherina bulbosa Grass-like herb. Long, lanceolate leaves with 6
11
Yawar Piri Piri
Iridaceae - Eleutherina bulbosa
Grass-like herb. Long,
lanceolate leaves with 6 - 7
parallel nerves strongly ridged.
White flowers with 6 petals,
below ground, ca. 4 cm long.
The red bulb of Yawar Piri Piri
has many medical uses. It is
crushed and mixed with water
to
create
a
drink
to
kill
plasters, and mixed with cockroaches to treat infected wounds caused
by rusty nails. Locally the bulbs are taken fresh in a tea to treat
11 Tobacco Solanaceae - Nicotiana tabacum Upright herb. Leaves leaf surrounding stem. Feels Grown and
11
Tobacco
Solanaceae - Nicotiana tabacum
Upright herb. Leaves
leaf surrounding stem. Feels
Grown and smoked all over
the
world the plant
originated in North America. Locally the leaves of Tobacco are rubbed
on the skin to cure rashes caused by allergies. Ironically the Quechua
name qhalaste is related to the word for healthy.

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11 Manka P’aki* Asteraceae - Ageratum conyzoides Herb. Pubescent leaves and long hairs on stem.
11
Manka P’aki*
Asteraceae - Ageratum conyzoides
Herb. Pubescent leaves and
long hairs on stem. Leaves
ovate with crenate margin.
Cluster of lilac flowers in
leaves.
The name is Quechuan name meaning ‘broken pot’ alluded to the use of
woodpeckers carried the leaves of this plant in their beaks to dissolve
stone in their architecture. Spanish chroniclers also recorded its use by
12 Palo Santo or Tangarana Polygonaceae - Triplaris surinamensis Tree, grows to 30 m tall.
12 Palo Santo or Tangarana
Polygonaceae - Triplaris surinamensis
Tree, grows to 30 m tall. Leaves
alternate, large, ca. 20 cm long.
Ring scars on stem. Pointed bud.
Dusky pink flowers in large panicles.
Easily visible in the forest canopy due to its
panicles of pink flowers, Palo Santo is also grown
for ornamental purposes in tropical gardens. The
ant
to give off a pleasant aroma.

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12 Ayawaskha Malpighiaceae - Banisteriopsis caapi Spreading, herbaceous vine. Leaves opposite, vivid green,
12
Ayawaskha
Malpighiaceae - Banisteriopsis caapi
Spreading,
herbaceous vine.
Leaves opposite,
vivid green,
glabrous, spaced
on stem.
spelling), is the name given to both the plant and the drink made from it.

spelling), is the name given to both the plant and the drink made from it. This is an extremely important plant for indigenous tribes throughout

extremely important plant for indigenous tribes throughout your whole spiritual self. It contains the alkaloid harmine

your whole spiritual self. It contains the alkaloid harmine which is a

spiritual self. It contains the alkaloid harmine which is a variety of other ingredients, and used

variety of other ingredients, and used by shamans throughout the

of other ingredients, and used by shamans throughout the the shaman, elsewhere, like in Iquitos, it

the shaman, elsewhere, like in Iquitos, it is drank by everyone taking part in the ceremony. The drink is known as Yagé in Colombia as is very important for the Tukanoan people of the north-west Amazon. Their art is based on the geometric shapes experienced on taking the drug. Taking the drug has become popular on the gringo trail but has caused the deaths of a number people who have reacted badly to taking it. This danger was well known to indigenous people and the name means ‘liana of death’ in Quechua.

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12 Chuchuhuasi* Hypericaceae - Vismia sp. Shrub. Leaves opposite, large, rusty-brown. the mature bark turns
12
Chuchuhuasi*
Hypericaceae - Vismia sp.
Shrub. Leaves opposite, large,
rusty-brown.
the mature bark turns the water the colour of red wine.
12 Sano Sano Cyatheaceae - various species* Tree fern. Trunk-like stem raises fronds above ground
12
Sano Sano
Cyatheaceae - various species*
Tree fern. Trunk-like stem
raises fronds above ground
level, fronds usually
compound pinnate. Young
fronds emerge in curls that
uncoil. Spores on leaf
underside. Scales on stems.
Sano Sano is the general
common
name
for
tree
ferns
in
Peru,
Sano
meaning healthy. The
Quechuan name is ‘Qhali Qhali’ with the same meaning. Tree ferns have
a variety of medicinal uses, primarily the resin is used to treat wounds
-

33

12 Pan del Árbol Moraceae - Artocarpus altilis Tree. Milky latex in braches and leaf
12
Pan del Árbol
Moraceae - Artocarpus altilis
Tree. Milky latex in braches and leaf
veins. Leaves palmate, over 30 cm
long, lobes pointed. Monoecious.
Round, large fruit (ca. 30 cm diameter)
with bumpy texture.
grown all over the tropics. Pan de
Arbol (Breadfruit) is most commonly used as food, named due to the
fruit’s taste. It is the staple diet of many pacific islanders. The latex is
material. In Peru the roots have been used in a mouthwash to treat
toothache and the resin to treat internal injuries and leishmaniasis.
12 Corisacha or Bobinsana
Fabaceae - Calliandra angustifolia
-
present. Inflorescence a feathery cluster. Stamen white to pink and fused at
base. Fruit leguminous pod.
Corisacha is commonly used to treat pain and prevent colds. The roots
are used, along with those of oranges, to prevent the onset of diabetes.

34

12 Guyaba Blanca Myrtaceae - Psidium guajava Shrub or tree up to 5 m tall.
12
Guyaba Blanca
Myrtaceae - Psidium guajava
Shrub or tree up to 5 m tall.
stem square and winged. Leaves
flowers in leaf axil, white petals.
Fruit yellow when ripe, ca. 4 cm
diameter.
of years ago, as seeds have been found on archeological sites along with toothache.

of years ago, as seeds have been found on archeological sites along with

of years ago, as seeds have been found on archeological sites along with toothache.

toothache.

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12 Hierba de Cáncer Asteraceae - Smallanthus sonchifolius hairs, fine indumentum above. White sap. Long
12
Hierba de Cáncer
Asteraceae - Smallanthus sonchifolius
hairs, fine indumentum above. White sap. Long inflorescence stems, branched
with many small flowers.
 
 
  with a candle and put on the wound. Hierba de Cáncer is used in Brazil

with a candle and put on the wound. Hierba de Cáncer is used in Brazil as a treatment for diabetes; current clinical trails have shown it to lower

Cáncer is used in Brazil as a treatment for diabetes; current clinical trails have shown it
Cáncer is used in Brazil as a treatment for diabetes; current clinical trails have shown it

themselves.

36

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Glossary

Alternate

Alternate

Bract

a modied leaf adjacent to a ower or inorescence,

fi ed leaf adjacent to a fl ower or in fl orescence, Campanulate bell-shaped fl ower.

Campanulate

bell-shaped ower.

Composite/

a disk of owers with a supercial appearance of a

Capitulum

single ower, like a daisy. Marginal owers with enlarged petals are the ray florets.

Cuspidate

Cuspidate

Frond

compound leaf of a fern.

Glabrous

without hairs.

Herbaceous

Herbaceous -woody stem.

-woody stem.

Hirsute

Hirsute

Inorescence

aggregated owers on a single stem e.g. spike, raceme or capitulum.

Indumentum

ne covering of hairs.

Monoecious

plant with separate male and female owers.

Opposite

Opposite

Panicle

inorescence structure with many branches oa main axis.

Pellucid dots

specks on leaf, character of Rutaceae (orange family).

Pinnate

Pinnate
Pubescent Raceme fl owers arranged along an unbranched stem, each 38
Pubescent Raceme fl owers arranged along an unbranched stem, each 38

Pubescent

Pubescent

Raceme

owers arranged along an unbranched stem, each

Pubescent Raceme fl owers arranged along an unbranched stem, each 38

38

Spike

owers arranged along an unbranched stem, each 38 Spike individual stalks. character of Rubiaceae. Tormentose

individual stalks.

an unbranched stem, each 38 Spike individual stalks. character of Rubiaceae. Tormentose Whorled leaves or

character of Rubiaceae.

Tormentose

Tormentose

Whorled

leaves or owers arranged in a circle around a central axis.

or fl owers arranged in a circle around a central axis. Alternate Palmate Ovate Crenate Opposite

Alternate

owers arranged in a circle around a central axis. Alternate Palmate Ovate Crenate Opposite Acuminate Cordate

Palmate

in a circle around a central axis. Alternate Palmate Ovate Crenate Opposite Acuminate Cordate Lanceolate

Ovate

in a circle around a central axis. Alternate Palmate Ovate Crenate Opposite Acuminate Cordate Lanceolate Cuspidate

Crenate

a circle around a central axis. Alternate Palmate Ovate Crenate Opposite Acuminate Cordate Lanceolate Cuspidate Serrate

Opposite

a circle around a central axis. Alternate Palmate Ovate Crenate Opposite Acuminate Cordate Lanceolate Cuspidate Serrate
a circle around a central axis. Alternate Palmate Ovate Crenate Opposite Acuminate Cordate Lanceolate Cuspidate Serrate

Acuminate

a circle around a central axis. Alternate Palmate Ovate Crenate Opposite Acuminate Cordate Lanceolate Cuspidate Serrate
a circle around a central axis. Alternate Palmate Ovate Crenate Opposite Acuminate Cordate Lanceolate Cuspidate Serrate
a circle around a central axis. Alternate Palmate Ovate Crenate Opposite Acuminate Cordate Lanceolate Cuspidate Serrate

Cordate

a circle around a central axis. Alternate Palmate Ovate Crenate Opposite Acuminate Cordate Lanceolate Cuspidate Serrate

Lanceolate

a circle around a central axis. Alternate Palmate Ovate Crenate Opposite Acuminate Cordate Lanceolate Cuspidate Serrate

Cuspidate

a circle around a central axis. Alternate Palmate Ovate Crenate Opposite Acuminate Cordate Lanceolate Cuspidate Serrate

Serrate

39

Endnotes and Comments

Endnotes and Comments the guide marked with an asterisk. We have also included plants that The

the guide marked with an asterisk. We have also included plants that

marked with an asterisk. We have also included plants that The use of macho and hembra

The use of macho and hembra in plant names

- macho means male and

of macho and hembra in plant names - macho means male and are di ff erent

are dierent species.

Chuchuhuasi - back of bed 12 next to Corisacha. This common name which Leonidas gave usually refers to Maytenus krukovii, Celastraceae but this is not the plant that is present.

Hango Chuta - absent.

Sangre de Grado - Croton lecheri Euphorbiaceae. A very important medicinal plant. Hopefully it will be replanted.

Pajugeillo macho/hembra - only hembra present.

Monte Linaza - this common name generally refers to a dierent plant but this name seems to be used locally for the

erent plant but this name seems to be used locally for the Ajucsillo - present adjacent

Ajucsillo - present adjacent to Monte Linaza, strong scent. We have been

present adjacent to Monte Linaza, strong scent. We have been Huajo macho - absent, the species

Huajo macho - absent, the species of Thalia geniculata is generally associated with this common name.

Jaya Jaya - absent. Its name in Spanish is ‘Pika Pika’.

Runa Manayupi - absent.

Awaymanto - absent, should be Physalis angulata Solanaceae.

Arca Paicco/Paikco - absent, should be Dysphania ambrosioidos Amarathaceae.

Huaji - present, a species of Aristolochia Aristolochiaceae.

40

Costus guanaiensis - common name seem to be given to Costus species without consistency.

Achiwa -

Monte Alucima - unknown.

Huajo hembra - species dierent to Huajo macho. Present but

hembra - species di ff erent to Huajo macho. Present but Uña de Gato - Uncaria
hembra - species di ff erent to Huajo macho. Present but Uña de Gato - Uncaria
hembra - species di ff erent to Huajo macho. Present but Uña de Gato - Uncaria
hembra - species di ff erent to Huajo macho. Present but Uña de Gato - Uncaria

Uña de Gato - Uncaria tomentosa mostly grows in primary forest, it has U. guianensis is in

mostly grows in primary forest, it has U. guianensis is in Corta Corta - Cyprus luzulae

Corta Corta -

Cyprus luzulae but neither of these species are present

Malva - not Malva ocinalis, the species associated with this common name in Europe.

Albahaca - absent.

Llanten - absent should be Plantago lanceolata or P. major.

Berros - absent.

Manka P’aki - has currently been removed from the bed. Leonidas Ageratum conyzoides as as Manka P’aki but this disagrees with other sources which name it as about the plant is scarce.

other sources which name it as about the plant is scarce. Setaria tenax and Mayo Maicha

Setaria tenax and

name it as about the plant is scarce. Setaria tenax and Mayo Maicha - Papaya -
name it as about the plant is scarce. Setaria tenax and Mayo Maicha - Papaya -
Mayo Maicha - Papaya - absent.
Mayo Maicha -
Papaya - absent.

Sano Sano - the two species present are Cyathea leucolepismata and Alsophila cuspidata.

Santa Maria - absent.

Piper hisipidum and P. aduncum - Mocco seem to be used interchangeably as the common name for

and P. aduncum - Mocco seem to be used interchangeably as the common name for adjacent
and P. aduncum - Mocco seem to be used interchangeably as the common name for adjacent

adjacent to each other in bed 6.

41

  Malachra alceifolia Malva 24 Manihot esculenta Yuca 19 Marsypianthes chamaedrys Pampa Hierba
  Malachra alceifolia Malva 24 Manihot esculenta Yuca 19 Marsypianthes chamaedrys Pampa Hierba
  Malachra alceifolia Malva 24 Manihot esculenta Yuca 19 Marsypianthes chamaedrys Pampa Hierba
  Malachra alceifolia Malva 24 Manihot esculenta Yuca 19 Marsypianthes chamaedrys Pampa Hierba
  Malachra alceifolia Malva 24 Manihot esculenta Yuca 19 Marsypianthes chamaedrys Pampa Hierba
 

Malachra alceifolia

Malva

24

Manihot esculenta Yuca 19
Manihot esculenta Yuca 19

Manihot esculenta

Yuca

19

Marsypianthes chamaedrys Pampa Hierba de Cáncer 30
Marsypianthes chamaedrys Pampa Hierba de Cáncer 30

Marsypianthes chamaedrys

Pampa Hierba de Cáncer

30

Mimosa pudica Miramé pero no me Toques 29
Mimosa pudica Miramé pero no me Toques 29

Mimosa pudica

Miramé pero no me Toques

29

Tobacco 32
Tobacco 32

Tobacco

32

Persea americana Palta 18
Persea americana Palta 18

Persea americana

Palta

18

Phyllanthus niruri Chanca Piedra 17
Phyllanthus niruri Chanca Piedra 17

Phyllanthus niruri

Chanca Piedra

17

Piper aduncum 20
Piper aduncum 20

Piper aduncum

Piper aduncum 20

20

Piper hispidum Mocco Mocco 15
Piper hispidum Mocco Mocco 15

Piper hispidum

Mocco Mocco

15

Polygala violacea Charcot 14
Polygala violacea Charcot 14

Polygala violacea

Charcot

14

Pseudelephantopus spicatus Kuchi Much’u 23
Pseudelephantopus spicatus Kuchi Much’u 23

Pseudelephantopus spicatus

Kuchi Much’u

23

Psidium guajava Guayaba Blanca 37

Psidium guajava

Guayaba Blanca

37

Psychotria poeppigiana Beso de Novia 9
Psychotria poeppigiana Beso de Novia 9

Psychotria poeppigiana

Beso de Novia

9

Rollinia mucosa Masasambo 15
Rollinia mucosa Masasambo 15

Rollinia mucosa

Masasambo

15

Scoparia dulcis Piqui Pichana 14
Scoparia dulcis Piqui Pichana 14

Scoparia dulcis

Piqui Pichana

14

Smallanthus sonchifolius Hierba de Cáncer 38
Smallanthus sonchifolius Hierba de Cáncer 38

Smallanthus sonchifolius

Hierba de Cáncer

38

Smilax sp. Zarza Parrilla 22

Smilax sp.

Zarza Parrilla

22

Stachytarpheta cayennensis Yanawacta 16

Stachytarpheta cayennensis

Yanawacta

16

Tessaria integrifolia Pájaro Bobo 31
Tessaria integrifolia Pájaro Bobo 31

Tessaria integrifolia

Pájaro Bobo

31

Tilesia baccata Suncho Hembra 6
Tilesia baccata Suncho Hembra 6

Tilesia baccata

Suncho Hembra

6

Triplaris surinamensis Palo Santo or Tangarana 33
Triplaris surinamensis Palo Santo or Tangarana 33

Triplaris surinamensis

Palo Santo or Tangarana

33

Rata Rata 20
Rata Rata 20
Rata Rata 20

Rata Rata

20

Uncaria guianensis Uña de Gato 25

Uncaria guianensis

Uña de Gato

25

Urera carcasana M 27
Urera carcasana M 27

Urera carcasana

M
M

27

Vismia sp. Chuchuhuasi 35
Vismia sp. Chuchuhuasi 35

Vismia sp.

Chuchuhuasi

35

Uva 13
Uva 13
Uva 13

Uva

13

43

References

Raintree Tropical Plant Database, www.rain-tree.com

Discover Plants and Fungi, Royal Botanic Garden Kew, kew.org/science- -fungi

Tropicos, Missouri Botanical Garden, tropicos.org

Research and Clinical Trials, University of Maryland Medical Center, umm.edu/research

University of Maryland Medical Center, umm.edu/research ntbg.org/plants -ethnobotany/ agroforestry-ethnobotany/
ntbg.org/plants -ethnobotany/
ntbg.org/plants
-ethnobotany/

agroforestry-ethnobotany/

Useful Tropical Plants Database, tropical.theferns.info/

Wanamey, wanamey.org/plantas-medicinales-2

‘Guia de plantas medicinales del valle de kósnipata’ Yngrid Vera Ferchau, Magaly VillenaTejada, Deyvis A. Baca Calderón, Herbal Ramirez Ordoñez, Comnet 2008.

Plantas Medicinales de Uso Popular en la Amazonia Peruana, Kember Mejia, Elisa Rengifo, Agencia Española de Cooperación

Mejia, Elisa Rengifo, Agencia Española de Cooperación Publicacion/L017.pdf E . Diccionario: Quechua - Español -
Publicacion/L017.pdf E .
Publicacion/L017.pdf
E
.

Diccionario: Quechua - Español - Quechua, Academia Mayor de la Lengua

Quechua

diccionarios/DicAMLQuechuaOrig.pdf

(2nd

ed.)

Cusco

2005.

Available

at:

illa-a.org/cd/

Photographic Field Guides, eldguides.fieldmuseum.org/guides

44

(2nd ed.) Cusco 2005. Available at: illa-a.org/cd/ Photographic Field Guides, fi eldguid es.fie ldmuseum.org/guides 44