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CONCRETO

ARMADO

II

UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL

DE

ING ENIERIA

FACULTAD DE INGT{IERIA

LIMA - PEHU

CIflL

PROL06O

La inquietud de la Juventud Unrver6itaria ha


servido para el aborar el presenta trabajo y
recroilado y anaiizado. rEferente a todcs lcs
prob I enas rnes irnpor tan tes de I curso de Concre to
Arrnade I i de 1a Facul tad de Ing. Civil. de la

u.N.(.

El presente trabaJc arduo. s divie en


teoria y probl=inas resueitos contenido lcs
co.pitu!os de zapatas, placasr Turos y losas en
dos sentidos. resFetando I rs norrna3 del A.C. I .
En este trabajo es valido para todos l;s
univer-'idades ye qllr fueron hechas ge,r prolesores
Cedicados rnas pt:r vocacin y por eL alta nivel
acadernica irnpartido, en las aulas a pesar del
pobre apoyo estatal.l
Esoerarnos qLie esl'-e trabajo si:'a de guia y
prctics en prcVecho de nuestra sociedad ?n
portavoces
siendo
sacarla
los
adelante,
privilegisclos a 1as mayorias y'generadores de
intelectuales' consientes y no de insensibles.

Espero haya cumP l ido con rni deEer de


divulgar Ios conocimientcs e alcande de todos
(tJ.B.S. i.
Ing.
CI

I4ALTER BARRENECFIEA SOTO


P-CONTRAT ISTA-CONSULTOR

CONCRETO AHMADO II
TEOHIA

PROBLEMA RESUELTOS
f T'..

T.

TEORTA

PROBLEHA

: ZAFATAS-PLACA-FURAS-LOSA6 "
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usos EN Dos sENrIDos

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COJISI.DEEJICJOl{8S }E'ESPESOA .DE .}ICAS I 8F}UE&ZOS;
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J Var,c,s( aterturas Japar.te' caI rlueo Efnt'o debe colocarse alredeo Ce La abertura,ref ue'zo 2 O 5/S",con 60 tir nds a}l de f 0.aberlua.
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f
coarr, X-X
EL REFUERZO t{oRtZo{rAL Es EL PRrN0Pnl

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20

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CALCI]LO DEL EsPEEoR DE


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t4oMENTO DE ltlERcla

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U3l + #*try..PY1'-hsxhi
ILX?_^,-

r.=

LosA Pqn rro.t CxEouGR

rt'$'-pyf,xr11tn

LI

=|.

lnlgoo+o.crnfy]

[ lntem+o.ortfv)
-tffiJ

tr.,(Jr*)F
DE LOSAS

r.,

\p'

rstr=rrr=
o<o_

Is

Isn
CALLULO DE

h*

L |, ,0n teoo+ o-o]l{


36,coo
L

ctO 160

( ?

| (f,q cs(a ,:.''.'


t t tlrsllt s&6$rltoJ

h'
I'tordENTo DE tlrRCio

r
..f
DFLExrOrlES

o*Ler^Lt!'os

J
.

4P'
,

ooNot

..r. t.
rsg

dz=d3= I.

sz

4to(o+dq!e?+e

CoNDtttotl: h' h 4 h" ft'


It'to

cut4pLE

hg"o'

tumelE hfon*,oo=

hf **..

25

24

CALCULO DEL EIP.=OR DE

LO5A5 5'' VI6A5 OE EOBDE

CAL(ULOS

cALcuro DeL

H)

ESPESOfl, OE

(hl,

[O5A

lr-( u'tus)

lln=

Lr=*

rosR(

LA

cotrDt(.oN.

tz.s

cm

BLz

(nonmnec

rrTr)

H4 ln(eP+o.orfvl
36,ooo

,= t.to

pABA

.
,I ;mr"EL

MAY.R

sd vrAs DE BoRoE
g8 AUMEMfotr5 UN
DE lo* w, goa*.ffi'

Losdi

DE8ERAIT

Mltll{o

vERrrcActoN

ao,ar,-o

"d'

hR ESruERzo DECoRTE :
I

.A86A HUERTa(wD)i

PEsoerro?to=(239.)(d) J

,.,
luo
= lcor/e^
AcalbDos a [@re )

rslouEf{lA

t/Jo + l.B [r]L

lt \ I.
Lo, bo

OE

grn

h-nuertra'ero- d/a

W,,1.5

cAr-cutO

yst(rrgq

Reorecrrtertfo = 2cm

cARe vrv (w-)

RsuMrENDo

IL d.

(aI culo oe ltI,.

correrDERAr.ros uH

L. '(tr+ dl
bo

= 2tb,+tr+2d)

n
26

VERIFICA(ION DE

Vu
rOR4ULA

COR

ujuI

1r
Uu :

FLEXIO:

l,-]'r-L:J

" "'(rr

Vu

----b".d

1fc =

1fu

POR

( o.ztlz+$]tF;

L S r.rv+l

p'"",'tE

o1<

'

ABACDS
sE DEBUSAQ'

:
[lo ttrPr6

,do,,do,
fd=h+n

!t

Iu,[t.*]
Iu".[ztu*t+zdI
I

e'.r

(r]

[ ,,

{^

(z)

Lt'lvr;

oKl

g
4

IA5 O5AS CON ABACOS


ELE
OUE 5g EXfIEI,IDE sDE
b PolO E BE TEER, tlN DISTAN(IA
PNRA

I r^=\

l6

NO HENOR

LLO DE

I t',t"=urtaid

MOMENTO

f,lo y6rLL
YBBLA,

trrorrMro

+, -

FRINlA. {

FP"NJA cetrpL

o5 M" 1+o.s M"

f-.

M.

f-.,,

I['

28

-lL

b=
2

d\

(AL(ULO

Asu{reNDo

I
l Max
U=^t-'-_=v o.l45bf,c
d r h-

*_

CAL(LO5DE lYlu

ir*roroDE
I

'

lrnnnl:o

i;'rm

Cm

rE NTRAL

QIZ

O.SY O.6

o'r5 {o'as}4" I
f- - Flu"
L +mur0.6oto.35t{")

[-Mu=o'zstosM")
rL)
L - M;; = o.oo Ias

fl. orme,usrCIAMlEN?o

cALctoPe As

o'=O'?d \\

As= {u,--*v (d-a/21


0.9

cr,

As'!v :,
= o-85
t'c.b

b=-L.*

= 7.03 n ^*

o.og)(g_s+o+4s-)
(zo ri/rr)

1.33

po

o -Ag
I

o"- --* 0s
TA{IEAR mfiil'r'ro

,eoia )

ft.4zrul unt
fc ' l'ls rl tn|

se es(o6 EL LtyoR: Aar1g,3cDr._z

=1.71nt

A, (b+ zrn)(ttim)
1A,w: (so+z*)(eo+Z-)
ooi{D ] ll2'a33 r^
=

o, *; frs

rl

(^c.,,m
= zx f ,nnz

Eff PInNIA :

A= (t+ o.og) ( gs+eo)


201{lm

Az, (rt
BStlt'1R

zar.:rA GrEsE Husra atta .,et:e*'

fi

-. -- .-,^(CI"uMNAs

PqoBlrmR N (rt) Drsdm A

r/e" (r.ze-)

RE(uBRlmlE'Ic

i-

pR0BLElfiAS

l"I]= ilEcm

< l.l5

rnt

3\EtEq

?,
<

'r
I

Arl*t iln'
=
b

SPARRCTG{
enaa

.(."rt)

S = .'*
A./ml

u1

ll9rn

fl: tt2rn = @)rz(r's) = A96 f,B= b+Zrn. so+z(tts): ?&<ra

I t,e*
l+_
I

W,i4'r'A

zl'=*-

za@as*r{)L

A:

Lb c,n

-3i.

30

B. DwttstovoriEruIo
D
fu:

(Atcuto DE

ErN RL fURA

5N ReruErzo E Co{mesio^J

D
s((se)+
u:= 1.5
tae 't.ee(i ,o\= t 35.

Mu

Pu
Pu

l'

PDf lorAiruO DE ANCIE

Z.

F*

Wttzort4,'sorfO

(Bl ,60)+ 4g)


.25
;s
s(gs+
l-2
.go
o.q
9o ((es

2 o te

31
E 23

)tr-I 'to(45 ).

;il

6e gxo$e L

7a--zll.s

(?ePlt2to) =

m-lr, 2

''
.
dlz

'
"2Bo

bo

\' " P - Vt -nu * ztl.son

.:.fu.-

- .. .1

.;:ti

:;::':

llf

A*t

E'4c6,rso

6,a.

l(6

ffi"

u tg.l</arr?

>

Y (29.2

)t28o)

As=

..*

s ts ,* y, g6 ont.
'

o,

tt'fv

o-=

u*81

E!

r.6e4uo

Er

fo*rQ.of{

(fbartexior)

['4t

d.f*(a-

?w* rs&

Asonrsus .re*aafi

I *,'*

a-s 6 rw

o-: 3.3o 6t &= 3T.5 <+


O, : 3.79 @ r M; &.91 nZ
a:a 3.-18 tn --r AS 297.53 r,at

-[e'="'

&a'f'o ' a

-,e, A.*. 38.c 6ria

?r[qef ]

al3.ez6*rt

&drtra

leo[

(s= r/r,r9

, ks;(#)tu* }ire-)=t{*}t'*_g.}rrr = o.ru

. d > r.ar (aro) f*Wl'b ,.=* -, d I as c,n


=

(rt#,)*

.44ffi

o -9FEtaa

) t.rrr6 7*l4.SSrlq'nz-

\1.62 . {r.55 ( oK 'I ) se:or"r

. l*=

ryr

(ORrttdE

(5DXr,]

Ap/]sTAt4rerlfO

=1es+ \[nz

d=45um.

o4eoul)

, d.40 hrn
'Vr, : ?.9?(7SXIs,} r 6lt32o K6
,1rur 3?e- 6.4K1@,2

Asutr^r

r ?F
uc

1Ji

: o.53Vr7s

(. T"

-_

\ffiz--+

7.Otl Oltn,
rorbo =4O

(:ol(e) =

' for.ro: #.7r"7.aP* *3


, hQ Lo furD s lblrt .'

D.e5tscx4o) =

;:.i;l

>4n=

(znar{,rou

$:2eo

.t

,..)

'toao lfo=l.aqV1|s

ca,ro 1f,o,

78'fr
o.9r.(4dx45)

.if,.=

1 ll u

(z m)(rE)

3'13 K6

'tco.c.a-t

'lz

c,Rr y! rxig
?. ?oRL5\ d: 4otr
- /^rt-. .
.' ,,..1
....,/-'/ ..,7
:.. ..tt
.
.,|

z.nl*fcaz

z(turAs+o+*S)*4ocar

Vro. Zce

.9

M'fr oE ceRo

. AffrENDo ' d=45 qn


, Ao=(to*ag\(ao+q)= 9,i75 cnz

r t + lz tn.'lz,

A:29D cm

t^t

.Er._rrr,*

F4aYoR

PIA3E

(corfE fe*r.'etnat)

!!o",e,co

Z ., At=
r*.

(o.zl(a.es)(t'?s)(zJ

^r

12cl.o oot?

A,L Az

E*,u,as

= Zos '2s Klnz

32

33

PW (Z)

nNgtotF.

uNA zAPAfa

cR6A P= Pe+P,

e,u

cocelto SmPl P{A


oo,tol

Pgz 3oro

TA/v5

rl*

ta

5t6oNre

PL, 2qo Ks

ltot

o.L5 nl

llr. -:9r9co- = 3.t ulnz


l?o a 125

wL'.u

f.ro fer;

uTllrzAR EL H7oDo Elsltco

) =co Blnl

*a-{--a

f- Mv:-:rl!/z
f
l

urn:3.,,(/m

Vfr

,H.F

Itz , b

-I

l',

+zo, = 5oooo Kg
Psr.oo glo x 19 -- 4,2b r!aa
Pffiff. aeo,2,s = l?O xlnz
P: 3o,o

tlzn

@,',

z
l*re

rY*K
js
(

,.- j

r. 2,sgo Kl4"

fD t(fr 2_ eo rr/r{ )

l.s6nz

AXB: t.s6m" A=r.2., ,'{.3o


A-B: 0.ostt .lI f=
r,zzs < t.?5 nt
o,eomt
r.tT

J
I

vi :3.5

ulc1l

%=

(rnl

6 Mr-r
Ar{2

Hr..614-

Auz

+L
/l

6t

FL Y
*^--**
'ON

*3scorlrt

. {"

"

o.'s|

F" ; o'34 xl@

" f+"{1 3o.AlvFl =o.azV6


;

"r*n

M,-, ,

*n1ffi

"

34 t<la*
4

.2 k

lvnr?

wn$z'L t Es E fn: h

M ,-, -- t s .t ) ( t:o)(s"l(2s) 3 so3,''5o K6- urn

ff l3o cnl
=
'.r 4.Zf lon\

:14 Qq

0-C

35

34

PROB T3) DtsEAR r![A zPAf

ALTuRA ctjYa pLANTA

CORT:

(r)

I a ,,,r

AtgLoOA

E0tFiC(O

Yerevociol 5E MuEsfPl

(?1
+iq

OE u

"t tr.r
g

DE

g piso< oe

()
I

PL^NTA
tO

V.

r.s

fee.f'fA

PAA

f..trS

{1"
Ttn vt6e ;

a.-

tf' I:l {. a,t*S,i


AH

o.zg\m s

?.9 r(l.r#

.rJ-"

Iltl
A

\*

?*btrlaaz

t,Pq trr

?"3

rh

Tf FB*zo$lq"rfifo l''

V
[ro*zs- trs+zs)(rifp)l
1f,.
-r = A,ll _ 3., ( too + O5 -t 10
+ r"S) ?F

__

o.ss

l,,r,z

Z.o

,.I

o.so x*r

l':* to'tY*
o.se\m < 5.?rl-?

o.5s kluf02,}) e'K,l

2.8a

Z.ao

r/traz

ztrcuinnz

37

SoLC\ON: i

(]I

tRE

(3r

9.3or Q{'o

$r rtur4&

'
ft

Sert

tt
.4.
'.

'o.?o

,""1
o.?o

r{

r.'"{
l4

=2stl^z

0'?o .o'

t*

rt

54,s(ts{A
3i

faocs

-l?:6

4c 3'?o'*O*d s 43}O

tosDisos Sod 6uar3 :

Pu= 8,.432o.o

=(L-Elr.

Pc' Po+Pt

?.P-z

*g,ooo

r,O1,-1?4.4+g,oOO

A*-- trsra

=
25ooo hl*z

yiene ottesrctls o,lax1-6o

2..5r2.35= i'Z\

zA9rrr

AxB
'?4,ooo K

4s
;
Pt: A{strr'o = 35rm

Pe

lwreo poo 6*.9 6-vaou6

'73 al4"

so

19.o-2.G4

Pu: 1.5

z?.?6rln ='

orss

t hu.
," P,

Pp

+t.g

- ll

2zsGrlnz

A'87
.-rmL
--ri

A-8.""-aO
=7.!6 x ?.{oxt
AB=4.fi [A
l". Zoe: z.{om1
PL

,ooe

IIg-iir*r-

f-;%

tuw
IW

= 1'14

3.{sx/*r

a 3.soKfa,,nt

Ko

"toeffitosrr

$vtl, ,o,s^i\E b.d. o.Bs.qsj\m

E_,
0.9,o rt

4610

Er..8tJ!oa TA se o61gnua Po(

4.b3tr?.

CORTE .' coq"re rrpo \ri6A


tq:5:'::!3.{ : ?.lO mt

2.@ y-2.3o

rtEf4K

1,.64

Axg=-P- - {og
t

' s" 1.5 t<f6t

l.9o x.2,2o * 4-10


a dgp st tltta h r"ero peo'

(66p

trr qi -

Pu. 1.s74, )tt.O65'

'Zlo1J14'AK6

-.rr*

^l

CARGA uNtFoRHE EFECTTW

TaPal i

'lo

o.6t l.oa ; h?o f lnz


ll*
Pzoror^, .4o ; f.44 tlnz
cottRerc Rnaoo

: 31,F@.oRo

(6Q@ rDlrlrJrgr DEL fE*A^

I f. l ,[:=-a.s 1(roZr?4.q]qts

UJ:

r1.sD:-

Pe; gr916r.8 a 'tf,,214.4K6

.
tatuatbi fe-z

AE!7bATA r AXB
PsvEtoz

ft6 9I1.3 h6

3.9ort
vt 2 (a.zo-o.ro):2.9oat
reER (?) : t.4s+t.49: ?.sont
tosa (6) '. ?'lo+ 2. lo : 4-2o t

PE50 Peo?@oe

}R'?'lrrE''rT'

'l'ga

1A!o:lt

,'B'

'431h9'o
tola u,t05: 3.56 t'gor 3 '
o,tl f r<oacco : ?,2ot 4'5or lo'o : lfl4o'o '
PP"iaq S : a3o3qse3.or2A9o : tfM.o
uion 2 '" o.?(,to-&t'.'go'?M' Oz*'7: ''.
P,F
#..,
.

vlee B:(4.50-0.60):

t^

6R@

B)-:- --J.liJ..+r

s.Llr,t

8'onso"
P'P ourr{A

0.6

?P.fl

{- '

t{t

o.60 (o.F)

erE Pg o.

rrl

ir ..---*--f
e.roat

ta i

lz I{ETRAffi, (AR65:

f
l_ 2to

tti

d:zr.r

5..'1
t

"

tra

t' er- xl.,

_n_
tt
Ef-ft

0v.= 1afr.4
Vq,.

rA (go-sz.s) = 3r,5oo rk (,'?Sogo.q


5 *Z.l
3-3

Iu+,

,(24c,(s?.s

Ot<

39

38

fuNeouMlEI.lrO

. o.825 rl
l------1
o.3a
t

H*o;ni o.o

"'

f=o:.6o-o.ot5:0.s?S

( 4r",, z 28-8c,2

As,-l * 26.2 ,^2

As"2g.8

usA(f{05

d)

VVn

V . [0.'r+r.r ]ffr? u *uW.u.

I.l?5 rfi

bo

Be

) Mz-z

?Eelnero r?n:orrrlk

bo=

a(ltz.s* pt.s)=

'd

ruseilrqrrro ?.5

As.-"

ir

ggrolaZAog vatORS

d v. = t' h.sr* Slvffi - leo s2.s = 24g,64s.4


vu, (h (c*S- (t*
d[br
\& r', Ssdalo, lla{6o+ 5a, r{;o+ ea. s)), I 43 gr5 - 6

.'.

i (a

r rAEA oE

l'1,^r

2?- ,

tL.'}f

1'5

96t

DtTR1BU
"r.

f4Ens

t H5,-,. ?e.e

P=&i=?G.z---o.oo?r
' A ?{orf}.6 -

frn*,

o.'otz

*alsfr"

$U*,* t o.oo?

iJeltce',
Brd'

Asta

?3'O <nZ

'

?toLs

qoozl
zz
= o-o 7 fz-z=

= 2s.z

o,rsto.as)fu

cig

iip sp rli*ro tE--

R-

Z.lo)6

c*tZ

rn,*

)zl2^'7

fr1*z= 23

"o

o2

2s. zc,nz711g9i'etg-q,

3 Qoog" 44r*@: 29.B rn2

f, nlC$O B:2'1o nt

(d
, As,-,
t -- - )

_A_
i*:-:

IDo <oero ?APATA

tA+r

R+rI

t$DoU\R6O ?p'r,o

Eroci As=/

,f;tffir;]

D, A&'lAOu8A

z.4o &- Z.tO

NBTA: ESS sE Rtr? clllroo 'as


Bi

UrS

"-r,r

\l?.G.g\ ?6.'i3

Jt '

ra,&rE+r; As e a,,r,,o LB.r.,ot


A'{

cla

$$llri2n<ntlu

**' l & o
ffi
"",,""fi.C",1T,

clv

*'to' (o.tg(

M-r:34.o2rn

qgtft?AilDo utoaE,,

oeIE.

,'. vs4os As,

,-,= lo..r -\

tS f s/g" G, {6 (^
lo Q44" @ zguo,t

- 29.t6r-

fr**
As aiu o.ooz zlo, @
=

Au-,

fu:"

L rfnmo

, eatrruuA)

*
*L

t43,9r.6 {24g649.4

,{-

fo."r -

SL.s on

= o.99
Q=

oesoe

3.E*z1q,[e.sd_

39ocq,1

,a*qrta
.g:
1 L^DO
PooLel*o
(oto 4t lrla = ,3o ?

,Pc

FLx tON

onz

*r

t4qf44'

.1Spil").^orji:rt2

$ ala"

RtAt

{,uLaRs-s

PRaSU)
aRacTERlS
...-

ir

Q[.4Stan3'

I
t

+
P9lgoccot(
P o

sc' :'

!!9.
?
t{ -- A=9- Aqooo

Aspl"|lrras

Aw.4rns

Ye
trt

St-.

{ryn.{!{ro,r",}. a@

ft'rqPro+cqPrc-*

ei=

t1s K,lm

B: &cr,6o E
&: 8o.m ks

6.

q@ Ko

ri},

&,

arerlfioes

,g^128

=4'2:. nz

.',

2821 4'2ana

. B= {'5 rt

f O*eoSUeS
?nb'llrl,;.| r{ (uE.tt g! &Vt[rrg ,Eca{64 Fnretroal *lr'f'reo.}QeparrogA1os

?e**;o*, l@,ooox o.60=

96oco x-nt

(P.e)

e r

.b,

Ht
.l

ron{os

\,

)[?**I"i

,f::X:

43

42

b.,orolt

r..'r-i

(
5uuraos H: o--7o

1/'

YrH^E"a:

PoR

ocrr rEEc r'uroca )

ra
llG(lltr'CDtt)

o,rUr

nt

t olsO u!|4og
oq.m fL C' f 3lB- e3

ft1na

Pu, t.4

(oo,ooo)

n, ?!9.

vc=

Et nTbDo 16 Aofua Y

+ l'?(to'ooo):

V"

242'ooc

K6

^b,

5'3s

K/cona

Lo,

Aro lreso

t"**na :

99

u bef' f.tJr4,l 30 =

f,,oe

rro

s6.1 Nfap

Tolfirqo ii= 0.BO t

RTE

b"
ra

'. (soo t'i6 s oE Hrr' ^:l':l-*'u


EconfE l! tra'V
goto st
f, vt6B /
""LAo-"t-otr=itnc
f{A
[tiJ'l'E;(AC
r{t
*
auo'oo

CoFrarE 66Mo v,6A:

ioq

sec<

. V.

lt

tt

5.38.s'1.9 *

Yc, g

o63vif

*ccia

2t-21

' 1,.*r*'E:)(viv)

V -- 5-383<o ,fg1'9 =
gENoo

9e

uorr6mro

cuttgl.ia.b

li6n

??,*s

(ro)(az s)r 5 5o'8 2b5

Zt

:* ry)+lu's

oor )n

, or-*

o*

7i49

1Z.S <ra.

v")V

2(30+12+ (60+?2,) 1.csu,r

c. PO FuXrOrrl i

'

nwlr

566qs

'.'H;

l-l

" s.Bsi l.so, (t")z u) " Seroa x-r{


ilruxor r4oriro
M: Wrr, A - n' ({}

(coo-@)/z

, t1a.,n

R:isrsre

pE

unrzdoo

: llJ;

|t1

o.gS_

o.la ?s

l'? t to
$

@iecioq lt'y'

ln$N

Flo' $ft" J?cu,,,,(l-o.rruil!'v)


(1?.s( o.jlr I [r- o. s9 (6, jr B?
]

K6

51.5 eN Arlgt tcctrt,}g|

r *o

lrlu. g.ro.{?5. i.5

lv< ?Z1,8Az.ar K-m

(A[(rrto' ASr'l ASz,

"xJ

o,0o qt

11:

l5o = 46fa2'56,
.uo

,rogrro! EotFtta
?..15 .l
=

?arArA

"
'- O

)(

Put Zo t'A^lE

&,-

18,85s'

V = s.?o(rcxrso - ( 3o+rf[eort?'6]) ; {fm,l78 K5


V' 194'8J3 (q.
[re'a) 233,3ru Ka
d V. , o. es (o.ra + &llE rr)

lwrr. :.re r-e

VEIiIFI(ACiON POR

(s, + egofleo* .a.s))

?o! ,733. 1B Ka

F!

rso-

(o'sa+f;)\E q, o'Bg[o.sa
=
+)Gtdir](as)

tED I 3oo

noral !; s.at
[ao.

dr lOtn-1'Av a ,2'l ca
d= a'szl t

."rs nt

(oa

r
?F
PuzoNar\4lgNfo, V. uJ[nro(t+4)(o+a)J

ft

B.d?

45

4
x, = (Bo)torE)+tzds): 3.tB nJ

,A5
l'A zA?Tb COMA :NADA PAPI\
cdLctJa Y DsEaR

WoBGI

ZXr . z(3,n\= 6'3o ut

,['t'

a4.71t l.Bo

6.!,

b.-

Wl
t.--{

Sc'tqcloN:

ar

g .

rlr,

Rnr,

v=(5
flRrA

or

. 4@r!
-!fuo.4o

at,)to ?a!aa

: 0'60 * lA@Rlt

o.61f /4L

TkA.,tO

2-Z

l.a4 tlz

V:

2.og T/n2

20

w
'e7, so

fr.o
42olx

V:o
v: -ue.e:rr

lx t+gs

o-416( - 42o(oao)

x= 2 ro

V= r?3.Bee T

v'

J= o.19

xr

t'ta
L'8 =Et"Ptd "Lw'!t:*nqo)
=
ta.ez
g

- T
R'2ooT
Pi {2oT
=

Pe

- 2.06= fi.a?Ilne

AR6 zbPDlD ccr{g,taoa'

o.la

(x=las
f

"

o.30

lx,a:o

e o'{or^r ttoo K/"3


tl, srro

o-17L

ZAgrA cotlgtaqA

tilso ytoa flet

pst

Lx

P"
..a.,-,r
f R.quLfAife
Rsu
'
Bl(4(lcrJ D

Pi

4.95 -o.55 :447


x= 4.425 V. !13567

M2

ru

192

u\d2e.oez)(r.o rr )

'

, *.4'te't ln

Tt

7
I

4zo

tEt
o

.-

;$o'rut

q,?Or,tt

{-1

{.8O mt

?a,i""".+1.s(to)11'8l4ol

?r,',@,Azot^

TAAI1O

B.

vsca !faRtzQ lA
6raccior,t PE! 5t ELo

.,1

ze.)qr

=o'3 r l'8

41

6.zo nt

= 1z5rrr 1
t5 D+I.BL il?f?;+t5(r')tt'o(zo)
,-"r- : 3tB T*

{c = QtO kloa2

o.40

L.

CNSER UilIFORI'1 REPARTIDA ETECTIVA

Pu =

ala t

l CrfD, Ar <Nfi"iR ,A CPGA 5e

200

?!* : 50.416 x-rz6 - tsz=!


(x.e.rS V; -ALgar f

so.O0/

?i--il3s

47
46

/e

Ft E xr0N [ON6truDlN L.

ds- (ALCLO oe
Tno

{-l

mrP

?-8

16Ho

-:': '

,t,

oao

gx

5.:e

Fl:

- tze (-o.g)

so,q76,?
2

ir& 6b

r'1: Fa.a16

L *=

f-2q0c.o.re]- $z(r-s.rs)

ff5='11,2 cnl

r.s
o.rr H:

[x's;

+13.59 4 T-

ffi oRfE:

asorr'o

Vul t-?r356 KG
A

^d:

P= it

rt: +1s.1?t - yg
'f: o

B.

= .da*lfr.. d
Ur" $Vc

+ Pu'zoNAM[ErrC
.

.-

tl]"= 3tB,ooo zLw4Z

L"

trn,^.r*o i---!

o.eJ

p"i.,!rl}E

t ?,o | ,@ .; )), o.r,e


42oo\ @+A?c"'

HT,i.:.

6o:

,re.A4oor

lo*6rt''0t!'a{
^cFo

taem
eafaeoo.?.9..rr l8o'ztf'S):165 1!9:$t:r
{g-r
lN roFBro '+ 4'5vn

- o'ts('lggBiry-lE?'sl:20-Bs"r'
d = g?-. un
P6; {!S,,ooo

oAA 'i

rrl

t<

V*=

Pe

Vu";

126coo

f V"..4
V".,

-.rrn(lo*{[r"*
r,161

.bo

$lc;.

A)

d =o,85 *Ltlto(sa"?5rz+ea'5'r

t3grrZKe

Vq=t9?,ocs

K6

- taotz ft* + g:1'(:o + sz'5 ).'':lll,

(ol-rylN tl,lf8,rA

630* lgo

o.ts lo.est

As*,=

e <'arres)
'(ce rvenoa

(-Jr{a Efin'NA:

i'"ffi
I

/.t

1) tsd t-

car

lt'

(oIocScroN 9!

hx 2

s-l

\i

- 2.to4

o-gs, t't

"

ea,tgg
Vc=
i

OV<.>Vq OKl.

Pi = 192,coo Ke

s)f1o+sao):l6gpl
a}(s*'s
lz'sr

2 l4o+ sz

rEi;

xu

fVc;

)Vui

g, 1.go r,t
d $?.5ct

0.f,flg16
l$o 152.5 =
d =17,?

t"rf'

oe ecerb8

rf

K' lt

tSqrt'

Ane[ 0s a(f;S

A,'r1ll{ -- 3.e? boS


'7'
e,,

H: o'6o

o.9 2lot'@ 2

f*,
VERIFICACiON

178,163

l{t.s\

A' = [ o.Bu-

l"=:."
[x

14: so.416x? -rza(x- o.rs)

& 4gg

M*. .

cv.

lEl

mOlt+IO5 FCTOR5

A*x4O.}O

3-3

l,

x/,ru

T4'go?or{l

,["- ooe A.F-r -clo(' 5'o1r42@.- 88.2o,r

-\EV6

o.@el.?-**?P= 6Ac-t
(NA *?e(f,lf, ,-e t9 lt o'8

lr= o.oordU{f

) a. .,.0 *l "

88,2

t23 sn

49

48

tl

Vot-Aoo '

.2$:zSt<-,n

USo,toS As,n,u

+I

q:,

d=

,[r. o,os,-rt-qz.

vzi6'
.Q"

o.oe .

Lsltxt

o..s x

48

H-

sO:40

lo.",a
\

Q . a.e r/.art
{\. o }toc^2
{y r 42ooKltmz

rco,,E r-r

Cpa r!FPlof, :

[d = l.
3ll"

;+l?Ara collittaol

PRo?,,@

: ?t'5 a?] G1 tse6(t,s,oro)

- 56

!j9,4:to:
dr"

re ritu N

,lg.4 c-2 > ,!rt_U"


{3.95 c'*2

C- 2
oisto tA cmexraciot't oE cottJNNA C-1 co,{

PROB(61

Arr{4.BcmalA.a,,\g.*7cn2

40<S1.6

o Bt'A(raxiBrrD

frectrgABqil?D

o
'i

lD:rz,e8
LL,?4,w

l*{

(At(to:

0i[.

.tor}o

4g,oro

3 Klt"rl

{ d=3:oxlom *
t l,. llo,z :61,

?qtzs+sq,6e t,9"
BAJo coruMrlA er'renioR

I L.

Pn50 l.:

iltdrSZ.S.c

U'6Ag IRANsyEgg6tEg:

fD.tes,sa

185,8s6+48,r

garo colurra

2hcel(e

Pe+

Pi + ,Pz

*)u

'a

6'61"

,ro.rg4r(a a*

gso.,?g4 Til

2ar.B56

a.osi(Pt"P;l
=?e+!;*

t.o66l1s8{}

3'B{ rn

)i,t{,. o

'?f"H.t--...-__---J

le3f'*t*,ee-r

Pr (g.o)= R
r./nr

?e

,. -

t.0o at
Mu;1qoooro.

1:,"a.,| - rc
Z- - .J6sB k-r.r

As' lo.z o,le


Ar*,o.

8.9 crna

tda,r=

, 4

2 26t3 K, ,r.,*,
s " 13.i e-z; Asar* : tl.t.g>0,
trlu=106,ut, {at)to;!l

ll0TAl t'ir*rElrrD D lqrA A F6eHA . ,,rDrJ ,r'ID cE


oGr(H hqjEcm ll1AqL H yos oe los
t4rr * 438,3
sac,o

r4mz44ti

tol Ltot"l

ItDS t5':6 -1sgEA


3la"

d>.l.4,,t

etrArF'rarJ

Lcs f

11605

-l""

z33.ss6 (g.p)

350.?84

z(x

S.33 rrt

te/z).(E.a:+ o.4$){a)

L a ll.96 t

iL

L " {{.0

T-

lfi=3so'?B{
8.o

nt

rq

PI

rt,

5l
50

PAfr 4:

frgO2,

B' j
Ar, B*L 8, 4a '
L{l

cALcuLoS,

cALcLo

Pqq

oisefro c:onstiucrivo

1?l ' o'so = L**

' B'2nt

I rl

=2,t

"2x

ll,

22 nz

4ASO

3:

:ALCLO

Go

11

Eo =$gr+l.gL
o R', i,,s o+ie"

'r'

l.rr'

',:r:;r

coRrNrE yNotTENro FECTOA

P.u - lez:b, 4s6.Bo r/nr


te, O'4O
Wt = ?" -.36,?0 -- ?3o.4o r/,,r
te: O.SO

frJ"

Wz= P.o
-L-

As.o _ 4ln
-' ll:o=

= VIu. B z ?t,Z = 54.r ln

Wn = tUt- ttl = 54- | = S)Jla

ut

(norron) :

t
if

. Fvp.z

L=

Dt,Rbr'tA

t l'8t4} : tft'so rr
. lst\s1s61+rl*aa*'=:S'r*
'

t's{g?''s}

*,*, hio6 *,[:i.il;],:,o,",i


Pcu f-oao [ea'eql

Pu= Peu *P;u + Pu

" 45'rx

r{
= 592' 83

Stu,ffi-:

?6.eS

Viu = ?tiln

leS."l

53
52

5t

PAl,}

A.

conTe

z.romA

mso

CALCL|LO DEL PERALTE:

Pofr

PWZOvUH\IEN'V: /lg''tEJ{Do

erf eRioR

,t

bo

d' t2"1

6'

cortT

ZA?fitA E,rrk*

. 2(o.+o+ t'zlzl + o"t + l'? J16't

rv::
t
Ao. (o.r lr)(o,r+

1/ue

,'6

,,2

,42

. -Ee.=.q..![,,ra..n- r'e,(?7]
''-- Vi"
o.8.Ld o-86.L.d - o-95"3'$rl'2

-L[-

d,l.Z

F-{

rt

c=

d=t.t

t'e{so)

9.65lx l'2

o.s3\6r6

=siT*lnz

1.68Klorz

{u.*S.zalynl 1.|.eaxl^? oK l

kfrorz
:
)VI. 4 o'27 (z* -t!6o '23'e
: 15'94 kf at
(rrno rorulra oe | * lf" . l- t r.6

"

Y"fz .76Ve ,

o'zl(z+f

al9

.oe,-

- d(WR

O.OS,Bx d

1,(r"-

1li"-:1.96 r/tz = 3'ti xllnz

y.-

v,H
=

', l

bzl?l

fta LenoN

scsu* R'N'C

3.e4,<1,,^1

.+

9t \t 4 Vcf2 ,o*,(;ltrrEl As rrnanwna

Klv,;,?

(ts'se r/atl oKl

6"4

rt

. 5.2 A 3.A4

fio t"'r?!, {9s otocaa.

fir4

ZAPAnA IHTEiOE:
ro-5o&'9o

t iI
I
I

1- 1t

ry

l-J

lz

= {(o-4+ t'z) =
Ao, (o.4+t'z) a 2'56 nz

bo

6.

ZA?A'TA NTR0iRI

rfoi = v.ll=-d-&hl
o.85, B.

To

!u; -

lo5'l- z'so(l'n)

- t'2 C*)o.B32.Or1.2

Ztt.az

A.Zs rln:.

o.85 r.6.4 r l'Z

{,r . 7.12 xl u" (\c.1'68 Kf6a OKI

q's1 rlc^z
1Ju . 45.3c rln? z

rJq

)V.l ("e

NO (H9LE

1u;. 4.54

rl^'

1t{". {5'34

rlYn

ol(,

tocze Arr,r)

55
54

PASOT:

GICULO DELAfrEA ,ACrPg,

) Pr*, o.cor7
t ?oaa Qro, -, Mraa* = 3o8.sl vl-r (. M (Ti:rtr*)

!'- oaaiwoiruL
( en

me

ca.r umpds

NTEa: Faqnu,as,

sE6N

(zdoaras

R.N.c

ns!-]1g--, 3o,o9l _ .0. fv (d-./z) o.s(a.z) (rzo- so/z)

log.B6.n*z

o= , fl1'fv
fu.{,c , b

LZ'L u"t

{o8'3st4?oo
o..e (?ro)

Httl, tlr*g, ilg2}a,46

X ptb

A"

Cil

1u,

rriFi\rloo A

.a.',tla)

Ha= lgg'.?t r-r,

q
:

Ol

At

t l* o f'gn o-rao -r )

<r

{.

s=

lteurltgoo

a=r

o_

C
d
J t4x = x:

!3

o.
? =

o
\o

o
q

0r

u,

oq.
a)

d
cJ

r"l

h
tr
+

do sE

,reosiraa. y*nrpa*sy*is^L

1*
'lf

e.g o.4 aB xt

TRffi5

{CI

f G:
f--_l--r---J

PNRA L0s

u-l
0_

a: 3 0'1 [Sd l'6' o..-'nb)


YERSAL:
2,
L. TtuNS
,N.{J,-^1".

lL

44. os <n7

t{

ooaA

to

t I aa

(2oo)

lo
l

Aorr*2 3.5?

brw Sn+

fy

42oo

t---J

e^t
Ay,,,,r

. z''fp' e 9; rc,06 c

lo. o6 ,,r 2

[ gd

tla" )

b.E

o
<.

-{

-{

57

u'sllp.,

PR)B(7)

TLacas

8D

'{t

8.o

rt

B.o

nl

B.o,d

8.o

PROB(z

oreo

z.o

xt

DE PLAcAS
7.O

nt

t---{

8.0 nt

8.0

::j

nt

Z$rf
g.o

t-

fll

,r-tl
'

I'o

Bont B.ot

s.o

e.o'.t
-l

6.0!{t

!nl
2nt
?.laf

3.o

nt][]t][]
[]t]tl[]t]
nt]t][t]

trtrtr
DtrD
8.o,rt

rlculo
Crur{rs

DE

I a * : . (o.4^o.q)+ ( 8o.5xo! ] torrr4x.4).

3' rrlYL
4 )rrYL

"

LogA

2'{ :576Til
" o.rsr(z{xro}'
pril4e1Ao

vr6A

14r

enirtnla

I z(rno)

"

lsor*xi,
PLACA

71o.Eo-ft

z,u )

]^1i0.

12.o.rs

tbl +

1.35

54.43 Tx
? raP9rs
75.81 rr

-::

, r,

aAr'g'si'q+ Pac4

2'4:

(zf z'q)(e'e)

t9.B-tr

DE

r o'15xl'35

44.71

Tr

.
*l = 3t

e-4 +

D: 9*5,

Ts', o.6

(MZ)

tr
DL lurictb Ett
oP?qpftta.tst@MtE!^ys*

?.e+3r t$,

49te

fr*le fffiror pwit ,


v&qR

DE'P''

@vE
lzLo/.astr

|,)ttfroi oE

tutfttad(/, f @ U5 Fu&zds

:sfrur,u{6 gtl,lr,f,B

l.rcSen rob* [u:r'3]'


P= Eho + 50'i U lL

fore o

Rd=g.o

.:

P: ?464.5

Tr*

= 615.411

l^lu" Z40.ofl

drTo

>6
?E/"
ANC}TC -

tr.

t-A F{WR roPfi*ATEs Elrlo f'UE86

fro.gS

Ijt'-o.zo, I 3 ;. f,

f =t.OO l40

FL'to./z+
t

(f* l

L.
r|l
tntl

Phi

8r5.21

1.6

b;l&

o.4gl

Pi

F; hi

EPihi'

F.

l.oo

hi

'fPil,
Pi.

.'693.297

795:91

5.4

4.29S

,324

?51-"o
{66 . 09

W.3,Z{o.oft

9t7.29

3.o

2,4{O

o.184

94.32

o.s. os

f tt

'T*

, F- 2to4'5+o[a*ao)

'

placA ' 4,8 z'1Jolro.zo'?.4 4'4lTN


wp 3 :'(ouFl,r4 + Lcf R + lqts't ecia 1 ?uca = 693'29

N Erlco

o.ro6g4'o.q"o-.'.{1}

fx

tUDe

o.o.{ ro'4} [ 2 "1 + 3'o) (2' 4] I ea' a3 r'r


LoS A 0.15 (24 '(4o)rr'O - t76 Tr
gfrntaiA" (etzntro)- 4'6\1 z't'o)(alsxt3S = 52 '49fr

s (8.

?4o.o

|'fsLo

DoDEl o'3

D. otml4st*t

DtsTRtBtlcio[

. o.z. 2.4 = 3$'33 fx

CAR6R5

L'3
s: 1.2 -.
11.

H, 5l?"64

rbcA = 675'11 1o
colvn4as *Los+flu*tepie +

CALCULOS

L.o

516 rx

nmfrircaia, {z Qa+ aol- 4's) (e'zre'


AxS (2'2 ! z'4)

trJ[! -

(n"\,

[ a' o.so.s * roo-4o4 ]

o.25,(?4' ao\'

WoL * 73'?7ra

,24.40 = 24afn

o.gEo

!:

Ha ]uf}Ifd

; 735.Q-ft

coLUMNAs

Z: FIC?OR ?ot;A - tt4t1t adn A


lJ ; fMtc* llgQ + Rrr,aut n&&
5 . fcoc sElori 5ro ZI
C. C*ftCttT. 9lrr'to t

f -fn

vi*+

cALCuLos DE CAR6AS

roruM

-t

: 38.94 f*

Jo

) t2 4), {4

: (8,t2 )r3xo.2,2.4+ (qrs)123)n.?o.2.4

''lc

pLAcA

H"

?9.4oTr

. z +,o.,, *

:lz(z<+bl'{x*).

WD" .o,"n*,

Losn

).o,4or?.4

FAERZfr stsYtlCAF

cARoAS ( rmu) ,

Wn

2;: |-3,zlg

6I

60

cfrtr.
=
EmI,

156.q1:.

x!! =-f'r83- g.s3


t2

-r

_q#: o.oos3
[r.. "

I -'
' 9J!*3:
I6' o o'5f-o'53:

Io3.3q1*

Imfr= N:I

ar.asl

o'co?u!

l"luln-l -

o'oo52
0

2'8.S3+ 2lo.ms:)+ to(aoo2g) g(o.oo52

Eof,.

Fr 9,8

17.13

= ll.t

SrO @RFLEYON

: o.458,25.70( {25.31 T )
Fe : o.4g8. 166.09= ( g?.sg r
)
F r : o.498, 54.32; ffiffi.(qe
Fz

. Fi
-

Ag" Mu

.91 rrr]

It o rt

?-2

,.t

,8fi

r@rr&;

frf,
+,
'
{r.

4or

P, (uoor!.)(iufifrgii)

C = 0r

Q - [zrs.a+zro.rX=1e,o= 40.64
?4*4'

4.o nt

Mb/oRAdDC) tAS 6AR6AS:

Pu

fue
Po

e8.8: (es)

. 64.t'lfir

e.t6 (t.ss) = 6?.96f


=

3 = 4o.

6.4

(r.as)

'

67.ATl

t34.19 ra

Pa

= {93s.96 ,
=

llr

flr. E:3J-.4,

d= o.lfl,

N, i9!:-!!-- .c- =
- Pr.h.f'.
-= a.o(r"iio?il
B= .=$_
60(,0 =*:e.7,
6fro.

:*vEL:
Usr&suciov DE t-Is CaRGA ycsrf'eel-s rcDA
W*5 f

'Vurrl

^s

r
Mu.

3s.1

6rN

"(es.st+zao"t(d*, i
Pr = (eer,zs+r,o")(h)=38.Be

F.r" 46.97 (t.zs ). 6?.4s Tr


Fua =. 82.6{b2sl= to3.36T
Fue = l?5.3t(t.25)-- 156.64r*

Mu

r,,r

=,

oefgm)= o4o,

go.oz uz

A.fvH,7roo Asr=
'.rLL

As

o.

.o:9

34s =gao.oZ)
24O ' o6 unz

o5-J8 flto:g5

f*r!,

9"h

?4o's
8oo(?D)

-".o,"

o.e1y2@:-e.3o
2lo

$ *t '\= e*f o.3+o.osr8 'l = zre.4a


ltzq+o.Bsr,
\zor)tloegz I
a,

r,u

[rr.{;}t+- 4-*l f,,.['.$+,)l

o.r (zro. o6xr.z) (oco)

flu-= e46S2o.og

[(

.o-T.:

ASffro & CoR're

#&

24e

?.

tt

*,

n-T ..

q#P] - Hf(, 1e1


Hu, 246.?

rt
ttttto Ihr/z
ltrl.= o.ol 2 - 4-o ,t

\4.r.-,-.-^

l'clz = s'8

l*t-rr

fi,tg35.96 n

roP

Z&t* r -.3..8f - ?t,rrtl


Tu.lggg - zl;ogoo ZA.As t<l.;rr,Z
=
l. d.h o'es (o4o)(zo)
Vutairiro=

tfu

I,z.t:l{r

?.7\ =gg.tzulwn?

o.es

oKl

62

63

\. = o.BzVf +

h.

o.BrVTia

,{u,

4 0

t?=t?',tf
Uz re4'le- -g.
vu &.
2 = s.S-rmt'cee1 <n.

Vc--

o.16

\tr16

.\fu

u' 2 'r J-t4..ug

' -t
+t* [ffi

HARTTDNTAL'

e4' 45

wl^c

)/

J=

lkdv.ctnEros

lt.esKlunz

4s"rr,

nl

E1rnzoXmf,

jB{o'
f" * [.
Y' veJ

As=
6.c rJ],

VEnricnL: p"1

Sh .o.4o

rt

As

('5-

l z

Pn,lh*h

l'frso

S}t:::')

o'oo3o) aoots

( ldl
5Vlf
zt(ol= 60
I 4s *t +- n rrE'^&n

tn

ut

'":T"i''-^+f*oo237-o@Lc):
Pv : o'oo3,
"
Asr f, .h,!,,u
=

l.6r1056tr:

Asul

As@e-au)

48nz1Z4o.o6nt'
Asur 24o.oe or(,2

Bc9:lo

ooo3

Asv= o.oo?(zo!(eco) = 48unz

CofimRiDo CONEL 4s emcUUoo rcR nxro/,l

( Son .)

EScA.fli.

o.ooz9t. (ld(eo)

*, lz li' @ anon

Ashr z.ag
,sy

goo/3 2G6,G7
=

ser,Rcrcr{

F.,r
An

fn= Ash "!Q-V"l = @l.gr)=o.ooze7) P-,u, o,oots


s[.h {y
42oo
/.
S1ona EL nrq
crq,

'

Arr, d lb'@oort

',

''

tt.W/z = 3.e|Klvna
=

F
, ( lrl s zr,,x.ls: t6o
-h:lsh
*a(zoi z60<r
ErDF,I

**'

Hfl*?'ru'

o.23

..

2tsrgauciat EN g.ACA

l?4.teo =ts.oA yl,',l


eo"rc"t

(tZZ{rk") --

13

cm ^t

o.g

"t

6t 5/g' ella

HiLe

t4

'

:,

':.'

H,:

USo

tlzo

65

64

*\"

. z.sz r,r I
flc -- ,2s!n? Ar,6,,rnRu . 2r7:r4 "1 lPutt's(t'szhl'a(oas)
fu
Wr l4(2s = 3oKo = o.35 Tx )e"-+-41

Wo
PRoB (8 ] Or.lEflO

qE

vl6Agd rqRf lott-:

o)to.so)(z'{)

lo'?o't)tl

oet l4u.

cALcLo

x
r----{
tPo

H]
,2.72-+
I

VI6R

E VOLADO

W9 = 2.52

Trr

sls

kl
= 29 nz

[U

28

ENrRE Ef Es : (irwerreoios)

x25:

I
o.7

-f

Pu=

CALCTJLO DEL PESO DE

soLUtoN

l:(z.s.l+

l.e

(o) .5.04

mu= Pu.

FSfERxcR

cAR.q

= 5.o4''zz:

r
13

7l r-,,t

vl6A ENvoLADo E{TRE F:El

r 3, 3.3tO3x2. 4 7.129Tt
Pf = 3x 1.3tO.3r2.4.- 2.8ltN

Ron

(4 I
Vt6A EN VoLAoo: Ers

rnt
,Pu

:
esoumos ec oii'e*sionEs Bt'F

2.7

nt

Pt. a.et

o.9g

Orlo*l

O;50.,1

(tlds
-:

t6o

Pu
e.er)

e.s? fr
o.?o Tn
5.o4 1

s r-rrt

YtcA o YoLADo ort EJE (t)


?2= Zrlto,S*2.4. 4'32 1t

rfu
F-

tU

Mu. (so4, z.zz) - (t.s<


v4 f41oesior

------

,?l

z.Tz

,Pt

t.s,ri

Pu. S.o4 Tr
Mu. (5.o*^?.'r)-(t.e, {.32) =1.?

oBsERtrOs Qr to E)ES INIEn,'riq s'rror

aas <tirqf

3 T- nl

utttFolntzlfr,

Pu

pnqA

tDoo

o.srlflt

E! r8^t4o De+ Vioq (.Oq ,*no tu"'re f vaaroi )


P,r=

1s.o

t+

r1= t5. lZrr.r

h-

o-q1l-zo

t 5or?o

3.755-14 r(6

ct T l2

I.o. o.a ?.s mt

tar&to oa feeBra'o vra

t'e,0.o^o

Wft. ,6;la . z.o! r/n

l**

DE REFI,ERZO

CALCULO

"*t-.'
,*ho (?.?8ro.zs[a.oe]

CALCULO DE

t\lu"

caLcilLa ,

TRI'SVERSAL

r.-r,*.
"6

k:

++l
S. {o

: 3.95 f

o(s= e66

-ee ( f)=

Br

o.e;e.+ r.-33(S5o| = r'rse

o(t'-'.

rna

l'136l's ol(!

n*=[B-*J[#*.]

t rnry,**.dt9'r&
t.
\&Hl, u,({- d}. r.x(tp-'o.r}r ttng rr

l&.8

;Jf

( 3()"n

\hg',18t]

nt*-d!" . (B= arla

'

4oa- a aq.s.= *"= ff


--l
Y=3a
l,r=

2.6 + (o-rs"o.sot2.e)(l's)

lu (dl

o-8s (538.o8e-3

Tu)STc

1.5

cqLcua oe

.i'

(-5

ffi-

Aa"

rr

aa

25

ire.roosar

I:3og

trcCtDlGq*ol

*.r*
e.rl

(,rz

A El tf"@ ozo rnt , I E! th'eozo,ri-

cnoB,,tDO

il""
x o

Vr

4, o.rsW

.:

-lu

Tu(l

r?y, {se)z(s}"
Exzy

o.

t8?.soo u3

es.r.3{z? . l8l,sao

3oo,2.{3 <"r-Kt

c'r-K

)3oo243

leaopgo
"'s
gt6EA goa ruegior

'r-K

*- At(t.xr.v..fy

s-2 _

4ts=

4 (s3B.osB.3t)": z'tsz,3s:-24 r-K

T,6a)

ftfocqT,.ygnsverlsaL f

Tco

6.21ffi'5tzy

{t-il-t;,ts
'?E-tf

!or{6rTlDt41, '=Xz,Y tFl,56:


o.z',176 tre,soo)

\rrffiffil

938,09&31 cta-N

l,6l4.zss.Es, cr-K

T;

*ZO LO'f 6 IruDIfuL


1,t" zrn o",
ztr.*tl.#l : ?s.sGct

(A

OTLA

DE

;f

H:#)

J=

.q#l=

EeE#hzb*Do ^, ra ocroE
s

4t"'

oKl

RE.FU

T. se frorcio{q. C, bqJ 3 so.'io = o. os6J

eE'cE

si

lcBxHslor65llolo

rfta*E

'

Al:

(znt)

----(t]

["f*,%i F,]tTl
mttF):
}s*;:)ssl

fz = 2e.ss o,oz nn 16 r'D AI2)


sE .'to6*tr r',.oR

At=

l.o4r

81 { #:.'fTr*

2"'gsr-t= 6ltt

1e"'":a"lo-*)

"

69
68

fRo}(l

JqssFc

x' HIJRo - co^/reuciort'


p .3t'

.
ro

fry, EDI,4E

1=
lo

tsrT

el
"J

.9

o
F

r r-ot
DATg: (I =

:
5 tbrl m e l'o

s,l.3tl
.d. 3e'

f
ttr 8.t*

J5r
'

ul

't,
rn
.A

ut

.o

6
o

o
o

'f

#jlt*-.

2=.e.o

ru'

xt

z,

C4LCULO DEL EffE I.,lfERR[ 96 SJETO

c=0

F.
\f)

.-r-rGrP:ffi

tr.sf+{tazp_<osz6 1I

Ko=*rrls1l66l."*#.
\
t,ntt+{l@/

ts

dl

!c.9

a,

iF

kr=,*pl
'

KA, o.4314

"1

.r-Po =

(rrl? Kn

!r
?

1.3.10.92'o.{3H

Ph-- Pa -"P

3j.32 x tos

Pv = Pa se*9

33.32

3lo

33-32

28.s6T.r

Scr3lo : ll'16 ft

7t
70

CALCUTO

cAtcuLo

DE

LA ESIAEitiDaO Oet mueo

5.gL-l'4' ?(r.+) = 2A.3G1t' ]1


M6q = ?o.98 x r-4r[4
2zl+
VuAr
Zo.gerl'l + B'82'rt ?b'2ezafl )

POR \OLTEO:

w5i

3.4,4
{t2t

f'tsr =

6.2414.6-I

ttJs

\(rs) =

1.1

,4rv3

!4.. .4o.o4r

4.O

(Ltc

6.24

29,12

4o.o4

T*

l6O.16

T-6

Mo41D DE

r,r

*r' h.$:28.s6.r}e=

"-,,r

--

rl.s?

34' f

trJc2. o.crt?r?..1

ll.og frl

l9.BB

ll.otrl.1

fuR osLtzrue$o

e.zC+qo.o4+u.s2r ll.o9-{l"l.l6

-r
'r

ft- r

trt

F.s,
F.5

29.tzt lco. 16 +34.ss

) l.s

9.86

: 242'69 r-

?:

tA

to:.rz r-rn

Er

EH- l4v . - 3az.6e-rsa.lr,


86.05
EV

rEBE

rE . a.,o t

l.S

c4lculo

DELR PREgioN

Ejt, PANTAI:

{'Lst'Elo:

MrAx:

Pnh

Ytnr

"

.Bo

ENIA PNTA :

o.rerlu1

!.nl

Kl.rnz

Et{ LrfrtDN:

86.os

[.=

B. es

T,

fih

rt
lq. ZS fn

.
*'*'
Mu
o-.
lt::YL,
- i-?+,U6 -A'fI
F.r. b
lq"'.,

As

[Fs: o'85

Mu: M.l.gg --2.1e*'69 : 4o-t94 r-H


l,lu: 40l9.4T-crm * As. 2?.3g ca?

,j-,iu.*'l

Mo= M.!-L5 --

r+

um

t"eo.zs rf,

.oo' l'6 = 44'546f-t

Mu: 4454.6T-cn *

-l*ll25'D'I

2s

' 25'c1 cmZ


D+
: zosm
Ae

I"@o.zont

62

9: lc'c I tz'qs

$:26.8?r n..,Q-ooklal
I n, 1.t5rlrz = o.tg('klom2

Snt*<=

86,.c.erg1

P1

z.z

Pl6or.l'?5-r'r t{"0*'1452rt Mxe"36'EBt-tt

oKI

E{ LA PANTA UA:

h= 2'5 nt

'

\2.911n2,

6.orst

S no*=

q'f-r..s4s
t

V= !q,!tg a c.ogklonz
1oo.,o

iisBrt

CALCLa AEL As

Pa f,,: l-3

osr rt
-I = -7.v=
z
L/e.too )otr

q-6

.s *13'ro.Br2.4

?.8

[]1[r'l ltf )? [o.ar<) t"sr.

LA B4.se

,.o

9s.

rt
+
rr

vqlonEs H
Er

EI
- ?.t \t Lq
''
' Mv= 3ft!
tof.77 -'-'

e =B

?"= n'/,+ oY.

tl ror[n.r-r.ae ](d) = s.ss r"l"

e<rer o errtrnirrcr o"" voLTEo

f.o.!te g o.916 36. =o.64


ER Ey,f : Be.o.0.G4 *96-?9 T
=
F.so ) l.B crf Dc6rimO n ccsl-rzx'rexTO

RESLrnNfE

'=ffir:4'4BkltTTl

yo.TEo:

F's . I!
: t.gr > l.B oK I
Ph = -&g
2s.56
DE

EL TAL.oN

r'r

rf,.64 rta os l-B

WclcoN

: 86.os
EN

r o.06t?.4
llcr . ll.E?t 3.o
M

!Y:

rN &lETBo EJA PUruIA


DE ESFUERZO5: Erl OiA F&NJ D

4=

a.axf

orlz p6 |

Irl; t.lsrl.Gs: 2.o63 T-t1


t4u: 206.3 f-cm * Ag' {'o9

'too'l'o-g:l.oonl
1.2-l

cnz

6rfj

.m*'t

_l

T3

72

h=

5.O nt

Mu = 14.42.t.gs z l?.7)3

Mu: 2319,3 f-cn

Dts drl2"p
h=, 1.1 mt

o.3ornt

r-

: o3s.7 r-(rn +
dYz-6 o.3onl,

(r,*)

V.:

_O

, d E/i@

a-

@'

-@

aO
ds
rt- -

'&,

=10.T6.l,2

Md = 36.58 tt49 t ao,3g1


Mu

COftTE ADMISIEL

As

s,q

.dd

s;;

o.3o,4t

T-11

As = 34.71 crrrl

s/s'@o.:o

rt, p

'la'6r o'16 tt

f ro.ar@

o.ro'5sfizto
V:
C

d
a
t3

Vc,6.5 x/ rrtrez

puNrr
CO MPROBAhIDO

* v: 4,48K/rraz

: :*"Y. i..!

T[to$l * V= o,11 t<ln? L sl Klsr' OKI


p!t* v r 6.0 ) t<lvaz L g'sl Kl uua OK !
-

(r.P

{4

rur =
o
J

s
d

6n,
g

AJ

F
(n

b
.
d

(f

(rl

s
c
<J

t,r

g
a<

75

14

PROB(4ol

orsr{o

oE r-o5e nerrnoA el

cgi.-Ellxlggf

Dos schlri5

Vu

40'40

{or{O

tru ( l,'

l. - (,ooo)")

V: 15?0.4(8'8- {o.etol2)

fyo
l:

fic=
8.0

f.eoo

x.-z

coqrE rRitlbtz P=

2ro rl*r,z

V, --%,r2gl 1g.4 kfotn2


= Lo.d
=
245.621.1

1Tu

'

8=

g6;tzs1

c= ,

t.o

fc

nt
PERo

r{o HqYoR

c rf .l.J6
=
1li= o.s*t.rVid
1IL 13.s5 rlcrn?

o.z?

*)

[z+

: o'85ro'?7 (z +

f )rEiE

1I = {9.95 klcrnz

'.

?-6

"

18.4

>

"t[:

'

13.5S vo

cvnPLE

-DEB8 USAR qSACOS

h: 29t-tr,t

cL(uro oEL spEsoR

DE LA

rosR

(hl

LA6 CornnAS }rUS

'rrirho e. lz'5 ("cao ncf rfrr)

6rso8

F,L=I
FJ$ez
ll
I

tLzot

!n,

z.ss

(oRrE':
Vrtrico SFuERzo 0E

h:23rl.lo:

h=

NERTA

str viaas

oE

Uttl

25.3 cm

* h: 25 crn

b" ' Z(bi{r

,f

'

ts+d I

19?o1
34o.35

B.oB

PARA tcs Losi,s cw rg4CE6 oue se


exrtelE, .l
DEsEer rEcErpoyo Dg:B
,E'{ER uxA 6s1vql

{,

ME,roR

'^t b

2d): z(eo+ 2(2t'4})

bo: 245.6 cm
oa . (t+d) :(4o+ 2l'gl :

Jn

L Vc.r3.SS

CALCULO DE MOMENTO:
TPAT,fO TAR6O

TQA},IO CORTO

t"1"f

tuo.lz.Qrr2

t'1"1

152g.4(B!(r.ss)z

: l.so .t

B
B

M,f = Be,aa6.6 K-Ht


61"'6 crn

OK

J 99 = {'g Ht

da

wD : o.?4r24oo{' too '} lco:-tl3'6k"t I tuu: t'5(?ra'a)+r'etzsol


xlm'
cAe.6A VIVR = PRRouo DE nIos
J *t, tSZo.
l(/nrz
25o
Ju :

I-.

'1Jv--

llf^'rlklo

cE fO% rgsuEsPsR.

ACABAg.,S

dq

z!' z{solge 26s)J " 34o cm


fnto'(t+dl :50*33 = Bs crn
Vu11s2o.4 (e,g- (o-Bs)?J : 96,207 Ko

e*ts.

OEBERoN sER A.JIENraOAS

t'6 : ?l'4 cm
/z =25' -

= P.P IfllrclcA+

da

b" . e(u+t*

uN 0'lg"

ceueat"ieto

CAR6A

rtl

"t

PRfu rosas

A8cog

.t*=(B.o- o.-o.2s)

h ln (aP +o.orfr) - zss leoo+ ool.laml


?6,0@
3,@o
23cm
hr 22.94 cm ^l h'
rorlsrorlrtDo

oL (lRo uBRE a'rRE


06 Ot*E4rol-

fn= t*r''oro

fr.*cn

n
76

8.0 mt
HOilENn)S

Ir

<1.

lk

t'lCr,trfo

lt

FRA{f,A

-pt

Ir

'I.5

+o.3s

,1"

rs%

@""

C.fIAL

23f,

40!,

C,

CCLIJf'4NAS

-Mu: -o.-15{o.esU")
- Mu : o.ls (o-cs( Bq66.e|)
-l4uz aL,25oK-
+ Mu: 0.6 (o.aSm.)

9lc

Ho

cruy[

lls

Jl *o*r* oecoturn F

ERIOg

nl

-P=

e*

{'t

q' 4t

olB f.3l9l : o.oo9


=
42cc^

*f
t:

(\,

to.!
o

Q,

+Hu: lt,20o

k+

r<-rat

I **=o cEMrfiAL
ppsp l4rn = 4?25ok-H b=

t;

* M<r: o. (o.:S (86,cA6.6)J

l*,t

cALculo (dr,"),

"iJ
Gt

FiJN5

({t.e} - 0.65

lle

fRArtJA ,{faL

lff

t.oo Hn

YoTAL

F8F*i
I

OAPA i|RCOS

.i!

bf \

* t4u . o.E (o.6si4.)


* l,lo 1o.r5 (o.e: (et,a*6.6))
- Mu. 14, oB3 x- r,r
* Mu = o.4o(0.S H" I
+ frr: 12,133 k-M

:l*l

. -Hu:
F{JA
coluHr{A

r:

42,?5o -1

As = 9.O cm? o-' 3'o cm

MU:

B,2oo

t<- ,r

rir:A [- M : l4.og3 r-n


cErrfAL
(-i'l
[* m = 1, t33

?2.8 cn12 *t l'2 tm

ll5 = l1.o c,n2 s'z t'oocq


cm
As : {4. 4 cmz a': l'93

t9:la.@ o'2ort
e

T'

@ o.cs t

Qr6- o.6P *t
s 6 4q@0.6s t

TL

.tJ

Io

a,

o
!
#

!
'f,

As:

t'r

d= zz.zscm

z.
z.

-x
r
zx
rx

= h-cuel,tn,tra- 6J2 = 25-2-0.65

C.

+ .P

o.lAs.4co,2to

DEL

jt f
t:l

uIz'

CALCULO

a)

{=l

d=r[E.rl.]:{B.6zcrn
\
o.tc

Z
rri
qi

F-

o
U

79

a
tJ

o_

-o

r"
l!'
I

l'

l,

{
tD.

fr

i-

o
p

I1-

I,

-o

lit:
t

80

PR\B$tl

G,

rtcro<

DE

*.6uotnD F'9 = 2'

-*CP"r
[ ..lt t,','

'l f'

o-srlxr

t'srlr'
f .=o ' b'
{ Y' x'"t

F,

I r. 2u lat

goLrt(loN:

f ilc: 3I
r
3o
FRf^gtAs: P6P f
II *r,1- r,
--

I N6' zo

S " I rn (o.rs[?l + err tor](r]) ["s] =


Qp

Qp:

a (orsf

$aro'l

to' EsB

+ [ox4+(0's)1si]

[za)+o'064p"4)

10'695 Trr

Q'r'

QP

F'

1o'6es+ro06$

Qu" 2'575fn

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