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SOLUCIN A LOS

PROBLEMAS PLANTEADOS
Solucin del problema: 14-1

Clculos:

d=

d=

12

= 3.667 pulg

= 1.333 pulg, Y = 0.296


= 244.3 pies/min

Solucin del problema: 14-7


Solucin
del problema:
problema: 14-4
14-12
Clculos:
24
Solucin
del
d=
= 4.8 pulg,
Y = 0.337
48
5 16
Clculos:
= 1.333
= 4 pulg
d dP == 5(15)
pulg, dYG == 0.290
Clculos:
=
75
mm,
Solucin del problema: 14-10
12
12
(4.8)
3d = 2(18)
=62.83
pies/min
Probando con: mV==2 mm
que da:
= 36 mm y Y = 0.309.
lo(1.333)
(75)(10
)
(50)
NV
= 0.7854
m/s
V =
=2212
=
244.3

3
(200) 1260(36)(10 ) pies/min
(700)
Clculos:
P 1200
6 V+ 62.83
= 1.696 m/s
6.1=++ (900)
0.7854
Kv =
= 1.052
244.3
60
K v =1200
= 1.129
1200
Y = 0.331
Kv =
= 1.204
6.1
6.1 + 1.696
1200

dn

(3.667)
63
025(6)
63
025
H
K
=
= 1.278
v
3 pies/min
=
1152
V =
W t = t= 63
= 3151
=
60
60(5)(10
) lbf
6.1
(1200)
025(1.5)
t nd
12
12
/2
50(4.8/2)
W
=
=
3
W = H
3 ))(200)
= 202.6
lbf = 6366 N
60(1.5)(10
tdn

(75)(10
Wt =
= 884 N
1200 + 700(1.333/2)
1152
(36)(103 )
K v =F =K v W KPW==t 1.052(3151)(5)
1.96
1.129(6366) = 2.46 pulg
1200
C flexin:
psi
Esfuerzo por
p = 2100
20(103 )
Y v (900)
=
= 82.6 MPa
=
1.278(884)
Por lo tanto: t
FmY
60(5)(0.290)
=
=
F
24.4
mm
(0.337)
T sin 63
025
63 025(15)
1.333
20a:
4 sin=20
W
=
Usamos un ancho
de
cara
igual
2.5
pulg
75(2)(0.309)
429.7
lbf pulg
=
=
r1 = d /2 Hnd=/20.228 pulg,
r2 =
= 0.684
1200(3.667/2)
2
2
Solucin
del
problema:
14-5
Usando
los mdulos
Solucin
del problema:
14-8referidos en tabla con otras consideraciones de diseo
Esfuerzo
flexin:
quizspor
digan
que el tamao de seleccin para el presen diseo es m = 2 mm (
d = 1(16)
= 16 mm, Y = 0.296
F = 25 mm)
buena
seleccin
Clculos:
Clculos:
161.96(429.7)(6)
K vesta
W t es una
1/2 kpsi
d = = = 3.2 pulg, Y == 0.296
7633
psi = 7.63
=
3 1
3
(16)(10
)
P FY 1.202(202.6)
5 2(0.331)
+
C = 2100
= 100(10
)
1
=
=
0.335
m/s
F cosV20
0.228
0.684
(400)
60
14-11
(3.2)
Solucin
problema:
V 14-2
= (600)
= 502.7 pies/min
Solucin
deldel
problema:
2
22
2100 16 12
1.202(202.6)
1 60 1
= 3.667
Clculos:
d3 P = 6.1
pulg, dG = + = 10 pulg
F=
= 0.668 pulg
Clculos:
+
0.335
+6 502.7
6 0.684
100(10 1200
cos 20
0.228
=
K
=
1.055
v
K =
= 1.419
6.1
) v (1.333)
1200
(3.667)
= 1152 pie/min
V = (1200)
V = (700)
1260 H
t igual
025(15)
Usamos un ancho
cara
a:12=
0.7560(0.15)
pulg
t de63
W
=
W =
=1152
984.8
lbf3 ) 3 )(400) = 447.6 N
(10

dn

(16)(10
1200
+
1200
+
244.3
600(3.2/2)
Kv =
= 1.204
K v =1200
= 1.96
Solucin del problema: 14-13
t K1200
1.055(447.6)48
W
v 1.419(984.8)(5)
KvF
W =P 24
= =10.6
=t=mY=63=
dPH
4.8
pulg, dG = 2.38
9.6mm
pulg
Ft = 63 025
pulg
025(1.5)
3)
Clculos:
150(1)(0.296)
5
5
10(10

Y
63
025(15)
=
202.6
lbf
W =W t =
=
= 429.7 lbf
nd /2
700(1.333/2)
cara
(4.8)
(0.296)
Usamos
un ancho
de cara
igual
a:de2.5
pulg
1200(3.667/2)
De tablas
usamos
un ancho
igual
a:
mm pies/min
V = (50)
=11
62.83
Esfuerzo por flexin:
12
Solucin
problema:
14-9
= 2100 psi
De del
tablas:
p 1.204(202.6)(12)
K v W t PC
600 + 62.83
Solucin
del
problema:
14-6
= 13
psi = 13.2 kpsi

=
=
Con: P = 8 lo que nos da: d = 18/8
y Y=185
=1.105
0.309.
K v == 2.25 pulg
FY 3.667 sin
0.75(0.296
20
10 sin 20
600
Luego:
d = 1.5(17)
= 25.5
= 0.627
pulg,mm,
r2 = Y = 0.303= 1.710 pulg
Clculos:r1 =
)
(2.25)
2 t
2
63 025
=3pies/min
V =14-3
= 353.4
W = (25.5)(10
525.2
H
Solucin del problema:
)
(600)
12
H
/2 0.534 m/s
1=
V = K50(4.8/2)
1
v W 60
(400)
+
Clculos:
d = mC N= 1200
=C
1.25(18)
= 22.51mm, Y = 0.309
Cp+p 353.4
=Ft6.1
1960
psi
cos+=
0.534
r1 r 2
Kv =
1.295
Eq. (14-4b):

3
1200
(22.5)(10
)
=
K
= 1.088
v
4.86.1
sin = 2.121
V =
m/spulg, 1r = 2r1/2= 1.642 pulg

r
=
= 0.821
(1800)
160 20
2
1
t C = 63
025(2.5)
2100
1.96(429.7)
1 +
2233.4
W =
=cos
lbf 0.627
2
20
1.710
60
H
60(0.25)
+ 2.121
1/2
K v = 6.1600(2.25/2)
W t3 = =3 1.348
= 468 N 1
=
3

3
(10
)
100(10
)
=
1960
C = 65.6(10
dn
(25.5)(10
) psi = 65.6
kpsi ) H ) 1 +
1.105(525.2
6.1
2.5 cos
0.821
K v W t P (400)
1.295(233.4)(8)
3
t

=H
=
0.783
pulg
Eq. (14-7):
=
60(0.5)(10
)
W =F 60
1.088(468)
1.642
20
K
W
3
= 235.8= N14.9
=
)
FY = v 10(10
=
mm

3
t
(22.5)(10
)
Luego: dn
mY
75(1.5)(0.303)
(0.309)
H = 5.77 hp
Esfuerzo
por flexin: (1800)
Otras consideraciones
quizs den la siguiente seleccin. Estas
Usamos
depulg)
cara1.348(235.8)
seran:
P = 8un
( Fancho
=K7/8
yigual
P = a:
1015
( Fmm
= 1.25 pulg).
vW
=
= 68.6 MPa
= t
FmY
12(1.25)(0.309)