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CLCULO DE LA REJILLA

Clculo de C Coeficiente de contraccin .


DATOS
i = 0.1
e/s = (0.009m / 0.05m)
e/s = 0.18 < 4

Co= 0.5

C= Co 0.325 i
C = 0.5 0.325 (0.1)
C = 0.4675
Co= 0.6 para e/s > 4
Co= 0.5 para e/s < 4
Clculo de K Coeficiente que reduce el rea efectiva K= (1-f)
t=e
K= (1-f)

s
s+ e
0 . 05
0. 05+ 0. 009

K= (1-0.20)
K= 0.678

NOMENCLATURA

Clculo del ancho necesario


la rejillade contraccin.
Co = de
coeficiente
Para un caudal de diseo

m
Q=0,80
s

0 . 313 Q
B= ( CK )3 /2L3 /2

i = pendiente de la rejilla.
e = espesor de los barrotes. (m)
Q = caudal de captacin. (m3/s)

K = Coeficiente que reduce el


rea efectiva.
s = separacin entre barrotes.
(m)

0 .313( 0 .8)
3 /2
B= ( 0. 46750 . 678 )3 /2L
f=
porcentaje de superficie.
(%)
b =distancia del azud
L=longitud de la rejilla

s
s+ t

B=

1.40
L3 / 2

L(m)

B (m)

1.20
1.10
0.90
0.60
Para L= 0.90m
Q= 2.55*C*K*b*L*

Ho=

Ho=

1,06
1,21
1.65
3.01
se obtiene

B= 1.65m

Ho
2

Q
2. 55CKBL

0.8
2.550.46750.6781.650.90

Ho= 0.40m+0.05
Ho= 0.40m+0.05
Ho=0.45

Dimensionamiento de los abarrotes


Como piedra seca
Datos:
d=0.46
1
vol= . d 3
3
1
vol= . 0.463
3

vol=0,102 m

L' =L 1+(0.10)2

L' =0.904 m
G= peso piedra
G=V s

G=0,1032.5
G=0.255 Tn

G
Mmax= ( L' +0.05 )
8
Mmax=

0.255
( 0.904+0.05 )
8

Mmax=

0.255
( 0.904+0.05 )
8

Mmax=0.030408 Kg. cm
W ( momento resistente )=

0.030408
105
1400

W ( momento resistente )=2.1720 cm 2

Calculo de largo barrote:


A asumido=3.85
W=

I
C

I=

ea
12

2.1720=

a=

ea
6

2.17206
0.9

a=3.8

Condicin
a calculado < a sumido
3.80<3.85

CLCULO DE LA GALERA
Mtodo de Zamarn.
DATOS
Q = 0.8 m3/s
B = 1.65 m
Clculo de Qx
Q
Qx = B x

Qx =

0.8
1.65 x

Qx = 0.48 x
Clculo de Vf

Vf = 3

gs

Vf = 3

9.810.05

Vf = 2.10 m/s
Clculo de Vx
Vx =

Vf Vo
x + Vo
b

Vx =

2.101
1.65

x+1

Vx = 0.66x +1
Calculo del calado final
d=

Q
LVf

0.8 m3 / s
d=
0.9 m2.10 m/s
d=0.621 m

Calculo del calado final

Yc=

Yc=

Q 2
)
B
g

2.32 2
)
1.65
9.81

Yc=0.59
Condicin para no tener resalto hidrulico
Yc< d

Cumple la condicin NO HAY RESALTO HIDRULICO


NOMENCLATURA:
X

QX

Qx = Caudal en cualquier punto

VX

R4/3

B =Ancho del azud


0.000

HF

hf

#DIV/ #DIV/ #DIV/


0!
0!
0!

0.000

1.000

0.000

0.900

0.000

0.000

0.33

0.158

1.218

0.130
0.145
1.189
X = Valor
de los tramos

0.109

0.052

0.018

0.016

0.016

0.66

0.317

1.436

Vf = Velocidad
0.221
0.245 final
1.390

0.159

0.086

0.015

0.013

0.029
4

0.99

0.475

1.653

0.287

0.187

0.107

0.016

0.014

0.043
8

1.32

0.634

1.871

0.339
0.376 por
1.652
Vx = Velocidad
tramo 0.205

0.121

0.018

0.016

0.060
1

1.65

0.792

2.089

Vo = Velocidad
0.379
0.421 inicial
1.743

0.131

0.021

0.019

0.078
9

Q = Caudal total de captacin

g = Fuerza de la Gravedad
0.319

1.539

s = Espaciamiento entre barrotes

0.218

J = Gradiente Hidrulico
n = Coeficiente de rugosidad
L=

0.9

n=

0.025

L=

0.
9

DX=

0.
33
0.
42
1

CAL
ADO
FINA
L=

hf = perdida de carga
d = Calado final

INGRESAR
VALORES

SEC
CION
ES

Q
X

VX

CS

0.

2.

0.7

Cot
a
de
fon
do
0

79
2
0.
63
4
0.
47
5
0.
31
7
0.
15
8
0

08
9
1.
87
1
1.
65
3
1.
43
6
1.
21
8
1

Secc
in

D
x

0.
33

0.
33

23
0.6
15

0.1
08

0.5
03

0.2
20

0.3
80

0.3
43

0.2
36

0.4
87

0.0
51

0.6
72

Co
ta
de
fo
nd
o
0.
81
4
0.
10
8

Dy
asu
mid
o

Cot
a
de
Agu
a

Cal
ad
o

re
a

0.4
21

0.4
21

0.
4

0.1
0

0.5
21

0.4
13

0.
3
7

0.
79
2
0.
63
4

2.
0
9
1.
7
1

0.
33

0.
10
8

0.1
6

0.5
81

0.4
73

0.
4
3

0.
63
4

0.
33

0.
10
8

0.1
8

0.6
01

0.4
93

0.
4
4

0.
33

0.
10
8

0.1
9

0.6
11

0.5
03

0.
33

0.
22
0

0.1

0.7
11

0.
33

0.
22

0.0
86

0.6
97

Q1
+Q
2

Q1/g(
Q1+Q
2)

V1
+V
2

V
2V
1

Q
2Q
1

(Q2
Q1)
/Q1

v2((
Q2Q1)
/Q1
)

13
+1
6

1.4
26

0.045

3.
79

0.
15
8

0.2
5

0.5
21

0.9
0

1.
4
9

1.4
26

0.045

3.
58

0.
15
8

0.2
5

0.5
21

1.1
2

0.
63
4

1.
4
3

1.4
26

0.045

3.
25

0.
15
8

0.2
5

0.5
21

1.1
8

0.
4
5

0.
63
4

1.
4
0

1.2
68

0.045

3.
49

0.
15
8

0.2
5

0.5
21

1.2
1

0.4
91

0.
4
4

0.
47
5

1.
0
7

1.1
09

0.043
7

2.
48

0.
15
9

0.3
3

0.4
69

0.7
94

0.4
77

0.
4

0.
47

1.
1

1.1
09

0.043
7

2.
51

0
.
3
8
0
.
6
0
0
.
0
6
0
.
6
9
0
.
3
3
0
.

0.
15

0.3
3

0.4
69

0.7
63

0.
33

0.
22
0

0.0
83

0.6
94

0.4
74

0.
4
3

0.
47
5

1.
1
1

1.1
09

0.043
7

2.
51

0.
33

0.
34
3

0.1

0.7
94

0.4
51

0.
4
1

0.
31
7

0.
7
8

0.7
92

0.040
8

1.
89

0.
33

0.
34
3

0.0
69

0.7
36

0.4
2

0.
3
8

0.
31
7

0.
8
4

0.7
92

0.040
8

1.
95

0.
33

0.
34
3

0.0
66

0.7
6

0.4
17

0.
3
8

0.
31
7

0.
8
4

0.7
92

0.040
8

1.
96

0.
33

0.
48
7

0.1
00

0.8
6

0.3
73

0.
3
4

0.
15
8

0.
4
7

0.4
75

0.033
9

1.
32

0.
33

0.
48
7

0.0
55

0.8
15

0.3
28

0.
3
0

0.
15
8

0.
5
4

0.4
75

0.339
0

1.
38

0.
33

0.
48
7

0.0
54

0.8
14

0.3
27

0.
2
9

0.
15
8

0.
5
4

0.4
75

0.033
5

1.
38

0.
33

0.
00
0

0.1

0.9
14

0.9
14

0.
8
2

0.
0
0

0.1
58

0.000
0

0.
54

2
9
0
.
2
9
0
.
3
3
0
.
2
7
0
.
2
7
0
.
3
7
0
.
3
1
0
.
3
1
0
.
5
4

DISEO DE LAS COTAS DEL TALUD


DATOS
Qmax (50 aos) = 2.32m3/s
ORIFICIO SUMERGIDO DE SECCIN RECTANGULAR

9
0.
15
9

0.3
3

0.4
69

0.5
60

0.
15
8

0.5
0

0.5
55

0.8
87

0.
15
8

0.5
0

0.5
55

0.8
30

0.
15
8

0.5
0

0.5
55

0.8
24

0.
15
9

1.0
1

0.8
50

1.2
24

0.
15
9

1.0
1

0.8
50

1.1
59

0.
15
9

1.0
1

0.8
50

1.1
58

0.
15
8

#D
IV/0
!

#D
IV/0
!

#D
IV/0
!

1
10

tan =

=5.711

tan (5.71)=

x
0.8

X= 0.09
L' =L 12 +(0.10)2
L' =0.90 m+ 0.05
L' =0.95 m

h=tan

5.711L
2

h=tan 5.710.4

h=0.045 m

Cd=0.6
Q=0.5

m
s

Q=CdA o 2 gh
0.8=0.6A o 2(9.81)h

h=

0.096
A o2

Cota de Base= 2565.62 m


Cota A= 2565.62 m
-

Cota A= A+a

Cota B= Cota A + h

Cota C= Cota B + 0.15 (Alt. Seg)

Cota D= Cota C + h

Cota de Crecida= Cota D +

Ho +

Ao
Q
h*
A
B
0.0
2565. 2569.54
25 0.8
3.840
70
250
0.0
2565. 2567.68
5 0.8
1.920
77
500
2565. 2566.85
0.1 0.8
0.960
89
000
0.1
2566. 2566.65
5 0.8
0.640
02
500
2566. 2566.62
0.2 0.8
0.480
14
000
0.2
2566. 2566.64
5 0.8
0.384
27
900
2566. 2566.71
0.3 0.8
0.320
39
000
0.3
2566. 2566.78
5 0.8
0.274
52
929
2566. 2566.88
0.4 0.8
0.240
64
000

h
+
2

C
D
2569.6 2569.64
43
390
2567.7 2567.78
85
640
2566.9 2566.95
50
140
2566.7 2566.75
55
640
2566.7 2566.72
20
140
2566.7 2566.75
49
040
2566.8 2566.81
10
140
2566.8 2566.89
89
069
2566.9 2566.98
80
140

Cot Max
Crecid
2570.7
289
2568.8
714
2568.0
364
2567.8
414
2567.8
064
2567.8
354
2567.8
964
2567.9
757
2568.0
664

b
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4
0.4

a
0.0
63
0.1
25
0.2
50
0.3
75
0.5
00
0.6
25
0.7
50
0.8
75
1.0
00

Calculo del caudal maximo captado en condiciones


normales

A
0.025
0.05
0.1
0.15
0.2
0.25
0.3
0.35
0.4

b*a
0.40*0.063
0.40*0.125
0.40*0.250
0.40*0.375
0.40*0.500
0.40*0.625
0.40*0.750
0.40*0.850
0.40*1.000

Q
5.03
3.11
2.15
1.83
1.67
1.57
1.51
1.46
1.43

h*
0.14896
0.23421
0.38936
0.53875
0.68615
0.83262
0.97857
1.12421
1.26964

3.84
1.92
0.96
0.64
0.48
0.384
0.32
0.274
0.24

CmaxCrecid
a
2570.7289
2568.8714
2568.0364
2567.8414
2567.8064
2567.8354
2567.8964
2567.9757
2568.0664

DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE MUROS
Ancho del ro= 3.266 m
B= Ancho del ro 0.90 m
B= 2.366

Yc=

Yc=

Q 2
)
B
g

2.32 2
)
1.65
9.81

Yc=0.59

CALCULO DE LA ALTURA DE LOS MUROS DEL ALA


LATERAL
H = 3/2 Yc
H = 3/2 (0.59m)
H = 0.885 m
NOMENCLATURA

CALCULO DEL VERTEDERO DE EXCESOS O


AZUD
Formulas
C=

C1
3.28

C1=Coeficiente de
desage
Q = Caudal
L = Longitud de la
rejilla
Ho = Altura de
carga total

b = ancho del azud


Vo = velocidad

3/2

Q=CLHo
Q
Cb

3 /2

( )

Ho=

Vo=

qo
P+ Ho

qo=

Q
b

ha=

Vo 2
2g

ho=Hoha
CALCULO DEL VERTEDERO DE EXCESOS O
AZUD

DATOS

Q=
P=
b=
Ho=

2.32
1.57
2.366
0.885

P/Ho
INICIO

c
2.43
2.92
2.93

P/Ho=

2.43

P/Ho=

2.92

P/Ho=

2.93

Ho
1.9
2.51
2.53
2.53

q=

0.980557
9

Va

ha

0.646
0.537
0.535
Abaco
Co=
Abaco
Co=
Abaco
Co=

0.442
0.465
0.466

ho
0.010
0.011
0.011

4.55

C=

4.575

C=

4.575

C=

Datos para
Xc,Yc,R1,R2
,k,n
ha=

0.011

Xc/Ho

Abaco=

0.275

Ho=

0.535

Yc/Ho

Abaco=

0.1175

R1/Ho

Abaco=

0.51

R2/Ho

Abaco=

0.21

ha/Ho=

0.021

Y
X
=K
Ho
Ho

Abaco=

0.505

Abaco=

1.86

( )

Perfil de Creaguer
0
-0.2

0.2

0.4

0.6

-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1
-1.2
-1.4
-1.6
-1.8

Y
X
=0.505
0.535
0.535

x=-1.08 y
x
0
0.2733
0865
0.3973
8326
0.4946
5095
0.5777
8434
0.6517
7421
0.7192
0889
0.7816
3916
0.8400
8255
0.8952
4999
0.9476
6179
0.9977

0.54

y
0
-0.0785
-0.157
-0.2355
-0.314
-0.3925
-0.471
-0.5495
-0.628
-0.7065
-0.785
-0.8635

1.86

0.8

1.2

1.4

1.6

1252
1.0457
0996
1.0918
9978
1.1364
8186
1.1796
2142
1.2214
5694
1.2621
0587
1.3016
6888
1.3402
3302
1.3778
742

-0.942
-1.0205
-1.099
-1.1775
-1.256
-1.3345
-1.413
-1.4915
-1.57

CALCULO DEL CALADO:


V 1=

Q
bHo

V 1=

2.32
2.3660.885

V1= 0.71 m/s


V 12
V2 2
Y+
=d +
+hf
2g
2g
2

2.32
1
2
2
2
0.71
2.32 d
( 2567.80642565.64 ) +
=d+
29.81
29.81

2.1664+0.025=d +

2.1914=d +
2

0.05
d2

0.05
d2
3

2.1914 d =d +0.045
d 32.61 d 2 +0.045=0
d=0.17 m

V 2=

Q
bd

V 2=

2.32
2.3660.17

V 2=5.76 m/s 2

CALCULO DEL RADIO DEFLECTOR


R=10

+6.4Ho+16
( V 3.6Ho+64
) Pies
2

R=10

5.76+ 6.4(0.885)+16
Pies
3.6(0.885)+64

R=0.40 Pies

R=0.1243m

DISIPADOR DE ENERGIA
Q = 5.82 m/seg
K= 0.95 (Coeficiente de prdidas para azud)

q=

Q
B

q=

5.82 m /seg
1.65 m

q=3.53

Y 1=

K[2g ( Y 1 )] 2

q
Y 1=(
)
2
k (2 g ( Y 1 ) 1.5)
2

Y 1=(

3.53
)
0.95 (29.81 ( 2.45Y 1 ) 1.5)

Y 1=0.33

Y 2=

2
1+8( 9.81Y 1 )

1+
O .33
Y 2=

2
3.53

2
1+8( 9.810.33 )

1+
O .33
Y 2=

2
Y 2=2.62

Q=mBHo

3/ 2

Q=2.21.650.885 3/ 2
Q=3.022 m3 /seg
n=0.03
I =10

B=1.65 m

k=

Y1
8q
1+ 1+
3
2
gY 1

Qn
I B8 /3
1/ 2

1.65

(0.105)1 /2
3.0220.03
k=

k =0.075

Yo
=0.25
b

Yo=0.251.65

Yo=0.4125

Y 2> Yo
2.62>0.4125

e=kY 2Yo

e=(1.202.62)0.4125
e=2.7315 m

Yo+ e=Y 2
0.4125+2.7315>2.26

3.14>2.26

=P+ Ho+ e
=1.57 +0.885+2.7315

=5.1865 m

Y 1=

K[2g ( Y 1 )]

1
2

Y 1=(

Y 1=

3.53
)
(
0.95 (29.81 5.1865Y 1 ) 1.5)

13.81
(101.7819.62 Y 1)

Y 1 101.78+19.62Y 1 13.81=0

Y 1=0.132

Y 2=

Y1
8q 2
1+ 1+
2
gY 13

3.53

2
1+8( 9.810.132 )

1+
O .132
Y 2=

3.53

2
1+8( 9.810.132 )

1+
O .132
Y 2=

2
Y 2=3.404

Yo+ e=Y 2

3.14>3.404

1.9Y 2
L=2.5 ( Y 1 )
1.93.14
L=2.5 ( 0.132 )
L=14.58 10 m

Calculo de dentelln
3
2

z=0.084H P
3

z=0.0840.885 2 1.57
z=0.11 m

Dentelln 1
D1=1.25z

D1=1.250.11
D1=0.14 m

Dentelln 2
D 2=0.30z

D1=0.033 m
3

AH =

(Y 2Y 1)
4(Y 2Y 1)

AH =

(3.4040.132)
4(3.4040.132)

AH =1.94 m

CALCULO DEL DESARRENADOR


Datos:
Cd=0.62
A= (0.5*0.4)
h=1.71
Q=CdA 29.81( 1.71 )

Q=0.620.2 29.81( 1.71 )


Q=0.72

m3
s

=0.08mm
Varrastre =0.25m/s
m= 2.2 Tn/m3
TC=12 C; u=0.0123
At =

Q
Va

At =

0.72
0.25

At =2.88 m 2

h=

At
2

h=

2.88
2

h=1.44 m
Calculo del Vs
Vs=d

'

Vs=k Vs '
V s ' =0.1

m
s ( abaco )

k ' =1.059 ( abcaco )


Vs=1.0590.1
Vs=0.1059

m
s

Longitud
Cl=1.20 (abaco coeficiente de longitud)
L=Cl* h * (Va/Vs)
L=1.201.44(

0.25
)
0.1059

L=4.08 m
Li=l0.05+ 2

Li=4.080.05+2

Li=2.204 m
h 1=1.50 m( por calculo de relacion de triangulos)

h 2=

h+h 1
2

h 2=

1.44+1.50
2

h 2=

1.44+1.50
2

h 2=1.47 m
0.25
( .1059
)

Lf =1.201.47

Lf =4.16

Comprobacion
0.1059
(
( 4.16
)
1.47
0.25 )

Cl=

Cl=1.20

Calculo de rea real


Ar =

(volum . desarenador )
h2

Vol desarenador=1.501.444.16

Vol desarenador=8.80 m3

Ar =

(8.98)
1.47

Ar =6.9112 m2

Calculo del rea necesaria


An=

Q
Vs

An=

0.72
0.1059

An=6.782 m2

Condicion Ar >An
Tiene la capacidad de sedimentar las partiulas
Con un =0.8m
Calculo tiempo de flujo
t=

Volumen
Q

t=

8.80
0.70

t=12.57 seg
Qtotal de lavado
Qt=Q+QL

Qt=

vol desarenador
tlavado

Ql=

8.80
12.57

Ql=0.70

m3
s

Qtl=0.70+ 0.70
Qtl=1.42

m3
s

Calculo de compuerta de desarenador.


Datos
Qtl=1.42

m3
s

y=h 1=1.50 m
a=0.80

Cd=0.55

Abaco
y 1.50
=
a 0.80
y=1.875

Q=Cd(ab) 29.81( 1.875 )


b=

1.42
0.800.55 19.321.875

b=0.53 m=0.50 m

Calculo de vertedero de desarenador


Q=0.80

m3
s

L=2 m

Q=1.838Lh
h=0.42

1.5