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Lenguajes de Programacin

Javascript, Python & Perl


M.C Said Zamora

Lenguajes de Programacin
Javascript
M.C Said Zamora

Uso
<script ...>
JavaScript code

</script>

<script language="javascript" type="text/javascript">


JavaScript code
</script>

Mensaje
<html>
<body>
<script language="javascript" type="text/javascript">
<!-document.write (Mensaje")
//-->
</script>
</body>
</html>

Comentarios
<script language="javascript" type="text/javascript">
<!-//
/*
*
*
*/
//-->
</script>

<html>
<head>
<script type="text/javascript">
<!-function Hola() {
alert(Hola")
}
//-->
</script>
</head>
<body>
Click para ver el resultado
<input type="button" onclick=Hola()" value=Hola" />
</body>
</html>

Variables
Nmeros, Strings, Booleanas
<script type="text/javascript">
<!-var name = "Ali";
var money;
money = 2000.50;
//-->
</script>

Alcance
<script type="text/javascript">
<!-var myVar = "global"; // Global
function checkscope( ) {
var myVar = "local"; // Local
document.write(myVar);
}
//-->
</script>

Palabras reservadas
Abstract boolean break byte
case catch char class const
continue debugger default delete do
doubl else enum export extends
false final finally float for
function goto if implements import
in Instanceof int interface long

Palabras reservadas
native new null
package private protected while
public return short with
static super switch
synchronized this
throw volatile
throws transient true
try typeof void
var

Lenguajes de Programacin
Python
M.C Said Zamora

Compilador online
http://pythonspot.com/run.php

http://codepad.org/
http://www.codeskulptor.org/

Mensajes y nmeros
print("Hello Hi!")
x=3
f = 3.1415926
name = "Python
big = 358315791L
z = complex(2,3)

# Comentario

Operadores
Aritmeticos: + * / -

Relacionales: = , ==

Entrada
x = int(raw_input(Introduzca x:"))
y = int(raw_input(Introduzca y:"))

sum = x + y
print(sum)

Strings
s = "Hello Python"
print(s)
print(s[0])
print(s[1])
print(s[2:4])
print(s[6:])

Listas
l = [ "Derpina", "Derp", "Derpette" ]
print l
print l[0]
print l[1]

l.append("")
l.remove("")
l.sort()
l.reverse()

Tupls
tuple = ()
tuple = (3,)
persInfo = ("Diana", 32, Chiapas")
nom,edad,pais,carrera = ('Diana',32,Mexico','Comp')
x = (3,4,5,6)
x = x + (1,2,3)

Condicionales
if ( ):

Elif( ):
Else:

for
words = ['cat', 'window', 'defenestrate']
>>> for w in words:
print(w, len(w))

range()

Funciones
def nombre( ):

Lenguajes de Programacin
Perl
M.C Said Zamora

# Comentario

Print Mensaje;

Identificadores
$ Escalar
@ Arreglo
% Tabla hash
$edad = 25;
$nombre= "John Paul";

Arreglos y tablas Hash


@edades = (25, 30, 40);
@nombres = ("John Paul", "Lisa", "Kumar");

print "\$nombres[2] = $nombres[2]\n";


%data = ('John Paul', 45, 'Lisa', 30, 'Kumar', 40);

Contexto
@nombres = ('John Paul', 'Lisa', 'Kumar');

@copia = @nombres;
$tamao = @nombres;

Operadores escalares
$str = "hello" . hi;
$num = 5 + 10;
$mul = 4 * 5;
$mix = $str . $num;

Arreglos
@array = (1, 2, 'Hello');

print "$dia[0]\n";
@var_20 = (10..20);
@var_abc = (a..z);

push (@ARRAY, LIST)

pop (@ARRAY, LIST)


shift (@ARRAY, LIST)
unshift (@ARRAY, LIST)

@days = qw/Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun/;

@weekdays = @days[3,4,5];

Tabla Hash
$data{'John Paul'} = 45;
$data{'Lisa'} = 30;
$data{'Kumar'} = 40;

%data = ('John Paul', 45, 'Lisa', 30, 'Kumar', 40);


%data = (-JohnPaul => 45, -Lisa => 30, -Kumar => 40);
@array = @data{-JohnPaul, -Lisa};

Tabla Hash
$data{'Ali'} = 55;

delete $data{'Ali'};

If
$status = ($age > 60 )?
if(){
}
if(){
}else{

While / For
while()
{
;
}
for ( init; cond; incr ){
;
}

For each
foreach var () {
...
}

Subrutina
sub nom{
}

nom( arg );