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Chapter 15

Oscillatory Motion

Multiple Choice

1.

mass is attached. It is then displaced downward an additional 5.0 cm and

released. Its position as a function of time is approximately

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

2.

y = .10 cos 9.9t

y = .10 cos (9.9t + .1)

y = .10 sin (9.9t + 5)

y = .05 cos 9.9t

A body oscillates with simple harmonic motion along the x-axis. Its displacement

varies with time according to the equation x = 5.0 sin (t). The acceleration (in

2

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

3.

3.5

49

14

43

4.3

A body oscillates with simple harmonic motion along the x axis. Its displacement

varies with time according to the equation x = 5 sin (t + /3). The phase (in rad)

of the motion at t = 2 s is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

7/3

/3

5/3

2

22CHAPTER 15

4.

A body oscillates with simple harmonic motion along the x axis. Its displacement

varies with time according to the equation x = 5.0 sin (t + /3). The velocity (in

m/s) of the body at t = 1.0 s is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

5.

what time (in s) is the potential energy equal to the kinetic energy?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

6.

0

0.25

0.50

0.79

1.0

The amplitude of a system moving with simple harmonic motion is doubled. The

total energy will then be

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

7.

+8.0

8.0

14

+14

5.0

4 times larger

3 times larger

2 times larger

the same as it was

half as much

in the figure. The mass is displaced from its equilibrium position and released.

Its frequency of oscillation (in Hz) is approximately

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

12

0.50

0.01

1.9

0.08

Oscillatory Motion23

8.

The mass in the figure slides on a frictionless surface. If m = 2 kg, k1 = 800 N/m

and k2 = 500 N/m, the frequency of oscillation (in Hz) is approximately

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

9.

6

2

4

8

10

Two circus clowns (each having a mass of 50 kg) swing on two flying trapezes

(negligible mass, length 25 m) shown in the figure. At the peak of the swing, one

grabs the other, and the two swing back to one platform. The time for the

forward and return motion is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

10 s

50 s

15 s

20 s

25 s

24CHAPTER 15

10.

A uniform rod (mass m = 1.0 kg and length L = 2.0 m) pivoted at one end

oscillates in a vertical plane as shown below. The period of oscillation (in s) is

approximately

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

11.

4.0

1.6

3.2

2.3

2.0

3

(k = 1.0 10 N/m) is attached at the other end, as shown in the figure. Find the

angular frequency (in rad/s) for small oscillations.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

39

44

55

66

25

Oscillatory Motion25

12.

The figure shows a uniform rod (length L = 1.0 m, mass = 2.0 kg) suspended from

a pivot a distance d = 0.25 m above its center of mass. The angular frequency (in

rad/s) for small oscillations is approximately

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

13.

In the figure below, a disk (radius R = 1.0 m, mass = 2.0 kg) is suspended from a

pivot a distance d = 0.25 m above its center of mass. The angular frequency (in

rad/s) for small oscillations is approximately

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

14.

1.0

2.5

1.5

4.1

3.5

4.2

2.1

1.5

1.0

3.8

In the figure below, a hoop (radius R = 1.0 m, mass = 2.0 kg) having four spokes

of negligible mass is suspended from a pivot a distance d = .25 m above its center

of mass. The angular frequency (in rad/s) for small oscillations is approximately

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

4.0

2.5

1.5

1.0

0.5

26CHAPTER 15

15.

A torsional pendulum consists of a solid disk (mass = 2.0 kg, radius = 1.0 m)

suspended by a wire attached to a rigid support. The body oscillates about the

support wire. If the torsion constant is 16 N m. What is the angular frequency

(in rad/s)?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

16.

2

4

6

8

7

The mass in the figure below slides on a frictionless surface. When the mass is

pulled out, spring 1 is stretched a distance x1 from its equilibrium position and

spring 2 is stretched a distance x2. The spring constants are k1 and k2 respectively.

The force pulling back on the mass is:

a.

k2x1.

b.

k2x2.

c.

(k1x1 + k2x2).

d.

e.

k1 k 2

( x1 x 2 ) .

2

k1 k 2

( x1 x 2 ) .

k1k 2

Oscillatory Motion27

17.

A hoop, a solid cylinder, and a solid sphere all have the same mass m and the

same radius R. Each is mounted to oscillate about an axis a distance 0.5 R from

the center. The axis is perpendicular to the circular plane of the hoop and the

cylinder and to an equatorial plane of the sphere as shown below. Which is the

correct ranking in order of increasing angular frequency ?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

18.

cylinder, sphere, hoop

sphere, cylinder, hoop

hoop, sphere, cylinder

sphere, hoop, cylinder

Three pendulums with strings of the same length and bobs of the same mass are

pulled out to angles 1, 2 and 3 respectively and released. The approximation

sin = holds for all three angles, with 3 > 2 > 1. How do the angular

frequencies of the three pendulums compare?

19.

a.

3 > 2 > 1

b.

c.

d.

Need to know g/L to answer this question.

1 > 2 > 3

e.

1 = 2 = 3

When it is pulled down and released, it oscillates between positions A and B.

Which statement about the system consisting of the spring and the mass is

correct?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

The elastic potential energy of the system is greatest at O.

The rate of change of momentum has its greatest magnitude at A and B.

The rate of change of gravitational potential energy is smallest at O.

The rate of change of gravitational potential energy has its greatest

magnitude at A and B.

28CHAPTER 15

20.

point A, the object oscillates between points A and B. Which statement about the

system consisting of the pendulum and the Earth is correct?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

21.

The kinetic energy of mass m is greatest at point O.

The greatest rate of change of momentum occurs at A and B.

All of the above are correct.

Only (a) and (b) above are correct.

A graph of position versus time for an object oscillating at the free end of a

horizontal spring is shown below. A point or points at which the object has

positive velocity and zero acceleration is(are)

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

B

C

D

B or D

A or E

Oscillatory Motion29

22.

A graph of position versus time for an object oscillating at the free end of a

horizontal spring is shown below. The point at which the object has negative

velocity and zero acceleration is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

23.

A

B

C

D

E

A graph of position versus time for an object oscillating at the free end of a

horizontal spring is shown below. The point at which the object has zero velocity

and positive acceleration is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

A

B

C

D

E

30CHAPTER 15

24.

A graph of position versus time for an object oscillating at the free end of a

horizontal spring is shown below. The point at which the object has zero velocity

and negative acceleration is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

25.

oscillations in a horizontal plane under the action of a set of springs. If a 1.00 kg

body vibrates at 1.00 Hz, a 2.00 kg body will vibrate at

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

26.

A

B

C

D

E

0.500 Hz.

0.707 Hz.

1.00 Hz.

1.41 Hz.

2.00 Hz.

m

, a pendulum that takes 2.00 s for a

s2

complete swing back and forth has a length of 0.993 m. What is the value of g in

m/s2 at a location where the length of such a pendulum is 0.970 m?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

0.0983

3.05

9.28

10.0

38.3

Oscillatory Motion31

diameter of the Earth from one side of the Earth to another. A body dropped into

such a channel will only feel the gravitational pull of mass within a sphere of

radius equal to the distance of the mass from the center of the Earth . The density

27.

2

kg

11 N m

of the Earth is 5.52 10 3 and G 6.67 10

. The mass will oscillate

kg 2

m

with a period of

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

84.4 min.

169 min.

24.0 h.

1130 h.

27.2 d.

A 2.00 m-long 6.00 kg ladder pivoted at the top hangs down from a platform at

the circus. A 42.0 kg trapeze artist climbs to a point where her center of mass is at

the center of the ladder and swings at the systems natural frequency. The angular

frequency (in s1 ) of the system of ladder and woman is

28.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

1.01.

2.01.

4.03.

8.05.

16.2.

displacement of an object from its equilibrium position, the motion of the object

is simple harmonic motion. Mary says this is true only if the acceleration is

opposite in direction to the displacement. Which one, if either, is correct?

29.

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

displacement and to the mass.

Ellen, because 2 is directly proportional to the mass.

Mary, , because 2 is directly proportional to the constant multiplying the

displacement

and to the mass.

Mary, because 2 is directly proportional to the mass.

because the second derivative of an oscillatory function like sin(t)

Mary,

cos(t) always is the negative of the original function.

or

32CHAPTER 15

30.

John says that the value of the function cos[ (t T) ] , obtained one period T

after time t, is greater than cos(t ) by 2 . Larry says that it is greater by

the addition of 1.00 to cos(t ) . Which one, if either, is correct?

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

31.

angular velocity onto a diameter of the circle. When this is done, the

at constant

analog along

circular motion is

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

32.

John, because T 2 .

John, because

T 1radian .

Larry, because

.

T 2

Neither,

because cos( 2 ) cos .

the displacement from the center of the diameter of the projection of the

position of the particle on the circle.

the projection along the diameter of the velocity of the particle on the circle.

the projection along the diameter of tangential acceleration of the particle on

the circle.

the projection along the diameter of centripetal acceleration of the particle

on the circle.

meaningful only when the particle moving in the circle also has a non-zero

tangential acceleration.

angular frequency 0 in the absence of damping, the new angular frequency

is such that

a.

.

0

b.

0 .

c.

.

0

d.

T T .

0 0

e.

T T .

0 0

Oscillatory Motion33

33.

34.

period T0 in the absence of damping, the new period T is such that

a.

T T .

0

b.

T T .

0

c.

T T .

0

d.

T T .

0 0

e.

T T .

0 0

To double the total energy of a mass oscillating at the end of a spring with

amplitude A, we need to

a.

b.

c.

d.

e.

increase the amplitude by 2 .

increase the amplitude by 2.

increase the angular frequency

by 2.

by 4 and decrease the angular frequency by

.

2

Open-Ended Problems

35.

An automobile (m = 1.00 10 kg) is driven into a brick wall in a safety test. The

6

distance of 3.16 cm as the car is brought to rest. What was the initial speed of the

automobile?

36.

5000 N/m. A person with a mass of 40.0 kg jumps from a platform 1.93 m high

onto the trampoline. Determine the stretch of each of the springs.

37.

An archer pulls her bow string back 0.4 m by exerting a force that increases

uniformly from zero to 240 N. What is the equivalent spring constant of the bow,

and how much work is done in pulling the bow?

34CHAPTER 15

38.

An ore car of mass 4000 kg starts from rest and rolls downhill on tracks from a

mine. A spring with k = 400 000 N/m is located at the end of the tracks. At the

springs maximum compression, the car is at an elevation 10 m lower than its

elevation at the starting point. How much is the spring compressed in stopping

the ore car? Ignore friction.

39.

The motion of a piston in an auto engine is simple harmonic. If the piston travels

back and forth over a distance of 10 cm, and the piston has a mass of 1.5 kg, what

is the maximum speed of the piston and the maximum force acting on the piston

when the engine is running at 4200 rpm?

Oscillatory Motion35

36CHAPTER 15

Chapter 15

Oscillatory Motion

1.

21.

2.

22.

3.

23.

4.

24.

5.

25.

6.

26.

7.

27.

8.

28.

9.

29.

10.

30.

11.

31.

12.

32.

13.

33.

14.

34.

15.

35.

16.

36.

9.97 cm

17.

37.

600 N/m, 48 J

18.

38.

1.4 m

19.

39.

22 m/s, 14 500 N

20.

Oscillatory Motion37

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