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DESTELLOS DE LA DIVINIDAD FAKHR-AL-DIN ‘TRAQI OPEC LULU LCL EL ty AN LS RUT ARCA. in EVI ONO AN Ue oe Se © 2008. Traduccion, edicion y notas: Andrés Guijarro © 2008. De esta edici6n, Editorial EDAF, S. L. Diseito de cubierta: Ricardo Sanchez Editorial Edaf, $. L. Jorge Juan, 30. 28001 Madrid hup://Avwwedaf.net edaf@edafinet Ediciones y Distribuciones Antonio Fossati, $. A. de C. V. Socrates, 141, 5.° piso. Colonia Polanco 11540 México D. F. edafmex@edaf.net Edaf del Plata, $. A. Chile, 2222 1227 Buenos Aires (Argentina) edafdelplara@edaf net Edaf Antillas, Inc. Av. J. T. Piftero, 1594 - Caparra Terrace (00921-1413) San Juan, Puerto Rico edafantillas@edaf.net Edat Antillas 247 S. E. First Street Miami, FL 33131 edafantillas@edaf.net Edaf Chile, S. A. Exequiel Fernandez, 2765, Macul Santiago, Chile edafchile@edaf.net Febrero 2008 No esta permitida la reproduccién total o parcial de este libro, ni su trata- miento informiatico, ni la transmisién de ninguna forma o por cualquier me- dio, ya sea electronico, mecanico, por forocopia, por registro u otros méto- dos, sin el permiso previo y por escrito de los titulares del Copyright. Depésito legal: M, 11,304-2008 LS.B.N.: 978-84-414-2003-8 PRINTED IN SPAIN IMPRESO EN ESPANA Imprime Closas-Orcoyen, S. L. - Paracuellos de Jarama (Madrid) Indice Pags. Introduccién, por Andrés Guijarro ........ 9 Sobre la traducci6n 11.0.0... 0. eee eee 29 DESTELLOS DIVINOS Fakhr al-Din ‘Iraqi Prdélogo Destello Destello Destello Destello Destello Destello Destello_ Destello Destello Destello This One NACA” 7H -77U6 I9C- 15x Destello Destello Destello Destello . Destello __XV_. Destello XVI .... Destello XVII Destello XVII Destello XIX Destello XX Destello -XXI Destello XXII Destello XXII Destello XXIV Destello XXV Destello XXVI Destello XXVII Destello XXVUI FAKHR AL-DIN ‘IRAQi Introduccién Por ANDRES GUIJARRO AKHR al-Din Ibrahim, apodado «‘Tragi» (no por el pais arabe, sino por la region de Iraq-i ‘ajam, en el actual Iran), nacié en la localidad de Kamajan, cerca de Hamadan, posiblemente en el afio 1213. Entre sus antepasados habia importantes personali- dades de la ciencia y la cultura. Un mes antes de na- cer, su padre, ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (primo carnal y yerno del Profeta y, tras este, el modelo por excelen- cia para los sufies), sono con el cuarto de los Califas Perfectos. En su suefio, ‘Ali se encontraba en un jar- din junto con un grupo de santos. Uno de ellos se adelantaba y presentaba un nifio a ‘Ali, quien lo co- gia en sus brazos y, llamando al futuro padre de nues- tro sufi, se lo entregaba mientras le decia: «Toma a nuestro ‘Iraqi y eduicalo bien, pues sera uno de los conquistadores del mundo». El padre se desperté de su suefio lleno de alegria. «Cuando ‘Iraqi nacio —contara afios mas tarde— y lo miré a la cara por primera vez, me di cuenta de que se trataba del nino de mi sueho.» ANDRES GUIJARRO Cuando cumpli6 cinco afios de edad, el nifio fue enviado al colegio. En nueve meses memorizé todo el Coran, y durante las tardes recitaba la parte que le correspondia ese dia, con una voz dulcisima y a veces entre sollozos, hasta el punto de conmover profun- damente a todos los que lo ofan. Vecinos y compa- fieros de estudios se convirtieron en incondicionales suyos, y todos los dias, tras la oracién de la tarde, acudian a escuchar su recitacién. A la edad de diecisiete afios, ‘Iraqi ya habia termi- nado sus estudios y era un ulema, un «doctor de la Ley», que ya ensefiaba a los estudiantes. Pero un dia, un grupo de derviches de los denominados «qalanda- ries» llega la ciudad. ;Quiénes eran los «qalandaries»? A lo largo de la historia del islam, muchos sufies han tomado al pie de la letra el mandato: ;Recorred la Tierra! (Cor. TI, 137), considerando el viaje ex- terior como reflejo del periplo interior del iniciado que recorre la Via. Inspiradores de esta actitud son también versiculos como: En la Tierra hay signos para aquellos que tienen fe; y ses que en vosotros mis- mos acaso no veis? (Cor. LI, 21), 0: Les mostraremos Nuestros Signos en los horizontes y en ellos mismos (Cor. XLI, 53). Sufies son aquellos que se han dedi- cado total y exclusivamente a la busqueda de la rea- lizaci6n espiritual, y han puesto su confianza sola y anicamente en Dios, muchas veces ignorando las normas exteriores socialmente aceptadas, en tanto que el hecho de ignorarlas 0 a veces despreciarlas abier- tamente no atentara contra la Ley Divina o Shari‘a. 10 aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. ANDRES GUIJARRO «Hemos trasladado nuestro saco de dormir desde la mezquita hasta la taberna en ruinas. Hemos garabateado sobre la pagina del ascetismo y borrado todos los milagros, producto de la piedad. Ahora nos sentamos en los rangos de los amantes del linaje de los mazdeistas, y bebemos una copa tomada de las manos de los disolutos frecuentadores de la taberna. Si el corazon debe de latir el tambor de la respetabilidad ahora, gpor qué no? Hemos alzado la bandera de nuestra fortuna al cielo mas elevado. Hemos pasado mis alla de toda autonegacion, todas las estaciones espirituales. Después de todo, jacaso no hemos apurado de todos esos estados la copa de la privacién?>. Al oir este poema, ‘Iraqi, en pleno éxtasis, rasgé su tunica y su turbante y entreg6 los harapos a los qalandaries, diciendo: «jQué dulce seria si mi amigo del alma, mi amado, [mi intimo, fueras ta! Si elaboraras una medicina para mi corazén, [atormentado de dolor, si curaras mi corazén, ;qué dulce seria! Me hincharia tanto de gozo que la Tierra entera no me podria contener, si por un momento bebieras mi dolor. 12 aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. ANDRES GUIJARRO su patria desde La Meca, donde habia llevado a cabo la Peregrinacién, encontré a Shihab al-Din Suhra- wardi, del que recibid la iniciaci6n. Al cabo de un tiempo, una noche Baha’ al-Din sofid que recibia una capa desde el Trono de Dios. Al despertar, encontr6 la capa sobre sus hombros. En la mayoria de los ca- sos, los sufies reciben algiin tipo de vestimenta 0 to- cado de manos de sus propios maestros, como signo de su rango espiritual o para designarlos como su- cesor. Pero vemos que, en este caso, el rango espiri- tual de Baha’ al-Din era ya tan elevado que su in- vestidura como maestro vino directamente de la Presencia Divina, sin intermediario humano. Sin em- bargo, esa misma noche, Shihab al-Din Suhrawardi lo invistid de nuevo, cubriendo sus hombros con dos capas mas: una que habia sido entregada direc- tamente por el Profeta, y otra, la del mismo shaykh Suhrawardi. En una vision extatica, Baha’ al-Din recibid de Dios los titulos de Quth («Polo inicia- tico»), Gawth («Auxiliador»), Kabir («Grande») y Mu- nir («Iluminador»), siendo estos dos tltimos nom- bres apelativos que, en la tradicién islamica, Dios reserva para El mismo. Cuando Baha’ al-Din regres6 a Multan, la orden Suhrawardiyya ya tenia miembros en las zonas que hoy en dia corresponden a Pakistan y la India, pero con él amplié su rea de influencia, enraizandose de- finitivamente en esa zona. Baha’ al-Din era un hombre extraordinariamente rico y vivia como un aristécrata. Esto, de algtin modo, imprimié cierto caracter a la 16 aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. Sobre la traduccién ‘| RAQI escribid la totalidad de su obra en persa. Para la presente traduccién al espafiol hemos utilizado una traduccion particular de las Lamé “ital arabe, cotejandola con la versién al inglés que rea- liz6 William C. Chittick en los afios ochenta. Para la biografia, nos hemos servido de parte de la informa- ci6n que aparece en la traduccion que Arberry rea- liz6 del ‘Ushshig-namah de ‘Iraqi en 1939. 29 aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. FAKHR AL-DIN ‘IRAQI Por mi aspecto soy un hijo de Adan, pero dentro del mismo Adan reside un secreto —mi secreto— que proclama: jYo soy su padre! (‘Umar ibn al-Farid !) Dice: Exteriormente, soy uno de los hijos de Adan, aunque mi estaci6n es muy superior. Contemplo el cristal que revela mi belleza y veo el Universo, pero una imagen de esa imagen. En el paraiso de las manifestaciones divinas yo soy el Sol: No te asombres de que cada atomo se convierta en un vehiculo para mi manifestaci6n. 2Qué son los Santos Espiritus? Los delegados de mi secreto. éY las formas de los hombres? Los vasos de mi forma corporal. Y el Océano que rodea el mundo? Una gota de mi efusion desbordante. La Purisima Luz? Una chispa de mi iluminacién. 1 Se trata del celebérrimo ‘Umar ibn al-Farid, un gran sufi egipcio que vivid a caballo entre los siglos xu y xi. Conocido como el «Sultan de los enamorados», escribié la famosa Oda al vino, profusamente leida y comentada por sufies de todas las épocas, 36 aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. FAKHR AL-DIN ‘IRAQi amor a si mismo esta en la naturaleza de las cosas. De hecho, en realidad, el «yo» del espejo es el Sol mismo, porque la manifestacion solo le pertenece a El: el cristal no es mds que un continente para Su luz. El Sol del Amor apareci6 y yo me oculté en El. La luz que ti ves ahora es mi resplandor. El se ama a Si mismo en ti. ¢Qué otra cosa pueden significar las frases: «Nada ama a Dios sino Dios», o «Nadie ve a Dios mas que Dios», 0 «Nadie invoca a Dios mas que Dios»? Ahora esta claro el dicho de al-Mustafa 8: «jOh Dios, dame la alegria de mi ofdo y mi vista! ». Es como si hubiera dicho: «Dame Tu alegria, porque Tt eres mi oido y mi vista y 11% eres el mejor de los herederos (Cor. XXI, 88). Tt permaneces, y la realidad de mi oido y de mi vista permanecen, pero sus formas desapareceran». jSanto, santo! Los velos ocultan Su Realidad. Nadie sino Dios sabe quién es El. 8 Se trata de uno de los nombres del profeta Muhammad. Significa «el elegido». 54 aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. Destello VII Sobre la Automanifestacion del Amor en todos los lugares de manifestacion a través de Su No Delimitacion, y Su aspecto bajo los ropajes del Amado, para todo tipo de percepcion y cognicion. El Amor fluye a través de todas las cosas. Mejor dicho, El es todas las cosas. ;Cémo negarlo, cuando no existe nada mas? Lo que ha aparecido no habria llegado a ser si no hubiera sido por el Amor. Todo ha aparecido desde el Amor, a través del Amor, y el Amor fluye a través de él. Mejor dicho: todo ello es Amor. El amor es la esencia del amante, y esta esencia no podria dejar de existir, aunque su vinculo pueda re- volotear de amado en amado. Cambia, transfiere tu corazon a donde desees; el Amor pertenece solo al Primer Amado. Ama a lo que quieras, pues ames lo que ames, le estaras amando a El. Vuelve tu rostro hacia donde quieras, pues lo estards volviendo hacia El, lo sepas tuo no. 65 aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. Destello XV Sobre las acciones del amante y la naturalesa de la atribucton de todas las cosas a él, y sobre la felicidad y la desgracia. El amante es la sombra del Amado, y lo sigue alla donde El vaya: ¢Cémo la sombra podria separarse de la luz? SiguiéndoLo, jamas podra extraviarse. En ver- dad, mi Senor esta en un camino recto (Cor. XI, 56), y en tanto que el mechén del cabello del amante esta agarrado por la mano del Sefior, no hay mas que un tinico camino por el que ir. No bay criatura ala que El no tenga sujeta por el mechon (Cor. XI, 56). ¢Vanidad? No hay vanidad. Las criaturas no fueron hechas para vagar sin rambo. Incluso si sus actos no siempre dan en la diana, estos actos fluyen de acuerdo con el molde de los Nombres Divinos, 91 aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. aa You have either reached a page that is unavailable for viewing or reached your viewing limit for this book. mvs 14 OG 1) By J importantes maestros sufies de todos los tiempos. Pe eo PL oer SOUL —hoy desaparecida— al lado de Ibn Arabi, y los peregri- nos que visitaban sus tumbas exclamaban ante el sepulcro de Arabi: Este es el océano de los arabes, y dirigiéndose a la de ‘Iraqi, afiadian: Este es el océano de los persas, expresando asi el nivel espiritual de ambos maestros. Destellos de la Divinidad es sin duda su obra mas impor- CRATER CERN RU CREB Cte ies En ella aborda distintos aspectos de la relacion del ser UU EORTC MeO ONES UEC mo my ru Re Coa Un libro fundamental dentro del estudio y conocimien- POR UUO MMP emer ee eee ee Boe Oe UOMO SET ANDRES GUIJARRO ARAQUE es arabista A ere Ee mL SOMO me MECC PCR mom OR MUSB ICM oMe COUT Oe eae bir diversos articulos sobre el tema. En esta misma coleccién ha publicado Textos sobre caballeria espiritual, de Ibn Arabi, y Las cuarenta estaciones del alma, de Abi-L-Khayr. 1 bya

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