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THAPAR UNIVERSITY PATIALA

Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering


WIRELESS AND MOBILE COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS (UEC-804)
TUTORIAL SHEET No. 6 (DUE DATE 13/9/15)
Q.1

a.
b.

c.
Q.2
Q.3

Q.4
Q.5

Q.6

Explain the advantages and disadvantages of the 2-ray ground reflection model
in the analysis of path loss.
In the following cases, tell whether the 2-ray model could be applied, and
explain why or why not:
ht = 35m, hr =3m, d = 250m
ht = 30m, hr =1.5m, d = 450m
What insight does the 2-ray model provide about large-scale path loss that was
disregarded when cellular systems used very large cells?
2h h
Prove that in the 2-ray ground reflected model, d '' d ' t r
d
In a 2-ray ground reflected model, assume that must be kept below 6.261
radians for phase cancellation reasons. Assuming a receiver height of 2 m, and
given a requirement that i be less than 50 what are the minimum allowable values
for the T-R separation distance and the height of the transmitter antenna?
The carrier frequency is 900 MHz.
In the 2-ray path loss model with 1 , derive an appropriate expression far the
location of the signal nulls at the receiver.
Compare the received power for the exact and approximate expressions for the 2ray ground reflection model. Assume the height of the transmitter is 40 m and the
height of the receiver is 3m. The frequency is 1800 MHz, and unity gain
antennas are used. Plot the received power for both models continuously over
the range of 1 km to 20 km, assuming the ground reflection coefficient of -1.
From the figure shown below, compute d = df, the first Fresnel zone distance
between transmitter and receiver for a 2-ray ground reflected propagation
path, in terms of ht, hr, and . This is the distance at which path loss begins to
transition from d2 to d4 behaviour. Assume 1 .

For the knife-edge geometry shown in Figure below:

Q.7

a).

b).
Q.8

2 2 h 2 d1 d 2


and

2 d1d 2

2d1d 2
v 2
where
' d1 , d 2 h, h and p1 p2 (d1 d 2 ).
(d1 d 2 )
2
If Pt = 10W, Gt = 10dB , Gr =3 dB and L = 1 dB at 900MHz, compute the received
power for the knife-edge geometry shown in Figure below. Compare this value
with the theoretical free space received power if an obstruction did not exist.
What is the path loss due to diffraction for this case?
v