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3hrs Lt EXAMS OFFICE USE ONLY. University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg Course or topic Nois) Course or topic name(s) Paper Number & title Examination/Test* to be held during month(s) of "seeteas applicable) Year of Study (ars & Science leave blank) Degree/Diplomas for which This course is prescribed (6S (Ene) shold indzate which branch) Faculty/ies presenting candidates Internal examiner(s) and Telephone extension number(s) External examiner(s) Special materials required (graphimusiidrawing paper, maps, Alagrams, tables, computer cards, et) Time allowance Instructions to candidates (Examiners may wish to use this space ta indicate, inter ali, the contribution ‘made by this examination or test towards the year mark, if appropriate) CIVN2010, ‘Numerical Methods June 4, 2008 [Second Year /BSe(Eng) ENGINEERING AND THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT PROF. A.E, TAIGBENU x77136 PROF. A. Elvin xT7145 Dr. M. Dundu Course No(s) CIVN2010 Hours 3 ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS Internal Examiners or Heads of Department are requested to sign the declaration overleaf Question 4 Calculate the first three iterates (that is x), x, and x) for the root of the equation 0 by the (a) Linear iteration method with the starting guess x, =1.5, (Use the auxiliary equation (x) = ve ) Evaluate the functional value of each iterate to assess the accuracy of the Soy=x? method (6 marks) (b) Newton-Raphson method starting with x, =1.5. Evaluate the functional value of each iterate to assess the accuracy of the method. (10 marks) Question 2 Use the least square method fit a linear polynomial through the data in Table Q2, (10 marks) Table Q2 x 11 29 43 6.2 F(x) | 50 43 28 25 Question 3 Evaluate the double integral [{|(x+y)e" #) de using Gauss quadrature with 2 sampling points. How well does your result compare with the exact value of the integral which is Ge?-9)/2e? (Gauss Quadrature with 2 sampling points: ¢,=~0.5774, ) (15marks) S774; w, =1 and w, Question 4 Solve the differential equation: ay, de with the boundary conditions yOr=0)=0 and ye=2)=1 3x By the {a) finite difference method with 3 equal spacing Ax = 2/3 (10 marks) (0) finite element method with 3 uniform elements (12 marks) (6) Compare the solutions from both methods with the exact solution y = (x +2x? ~ x°)/2 (2 marks) Question 5 Use the finite difference method to approximate the Poisson equation Vin=e% Osxs2, Osysl With the boundary conditions: Hx 0)=1, hel=e"s OSx525 AO,Y)=1, AQ,y)=e"; Os ysl Use a finite difference grid with Ax = 0.5 and ay = toprovide the matrix equation from which the unknowns at the mesh points can be obtained. Only the MATRIX EQUATION is required; DO NOT attempt to solve the matrix. (15 marks) Question 6 (a) Setup the generalized Eigenvalue problem for the following oscillating system. k=1 (6 marks) Compute the eigenvector corresponding to the smallest eigenvalue for the system using the Power method and perform 2 iterations only, with a starting vector of Ib 5 6 sf Use normalization after each iteration (9 marks) (b) What is the fundamental natural frequeney of the system? Specify the units. (3 marks) () Whats the accuracy of your solution? (2 marks) Given. {3 -2 0 0 [0.6842 1.0526 1.2632 0.3158] -13 0 0.5263 1.5789 1.8947 0.4737 Then 2 0.4211 1.2632 2.3158 0.5789 | lo o -3 4] 03158 0.9474 1.7368 0.6842 | andy Number of Question 2cm/2mm squares Condit. Number of Question. Te in Answer Book opposite the answer to which frrefers Ineh/ inch sqvores lumber of Question Candidate. Numb 2omm/amm squares Condidate. Number of Question Tie in Answer Book opposite the answer fo which It eters, Inch/1"10 inch squares