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Proofathon Trigonometry and Complex Numbers

Pramit Das, Nicolae Sapoval, Pi Han Goh,


Kishlaya Jaiswal, Shivang Jindal, Logan Dymond
21 February 2014 2 March 2014
1. Show that tan 6 tan 42 tan 66 tan 78 = 1.
2. Show that
cos

3
(k 2)
1
+ cos
+ + cos
=
k
k
k
2

for all odd k 3.


3. Find the value of tan8

24

+ tan8

5
24

+ tan8

7
24

+ tan8

11
24 .

4. Given

A=

100
Y

B=

k=1



3k
1 100
3 1



cot
3

k=1
100
Y

3k
100
3 1

tan


1+

, and

find a relationship between A and B.


5. In 4ABC, if BC 2 = CA(CA+AB) and CA2 = AB(AB+BC), then show that cos A cos B cos C = 81 .
6. Prove that

| cos(x)| + | cos(y)| + | cos(z)| + | cos(y + z)| + | cos(z + x)| + | cos(x + y)| + 3| cos(x + y + z)| 3
for all real x, y, and z.
7. Let z1 , z2 , and z3 be complex numbers such that z1 + z2 + z3 = 0 and |z1 | = |z2 | = |z3 | = 1. The
sequence an is defined as
an = z1n + z2n + z3n .
Find the value of

3n
X

|ai | for all n.

i=0

8. If n is an even integer, 1 , 2 , , n are the distinct nth roots of 1, and


S = {j : 1 j n, Re(j ) > 0},
prove that
i

XY
jS k6=j

is a positive real number.

1
j k