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# Learning

Brief

Week 15/16

Term 4
2015

## SME2 Geometry, Conics

and Further Matrices

## Topic: Geometry and Further Matrices

Students should be able to:

understand the elements of Euclidean Geometry

use theorems from Euclidean Geometry to provide well-structured proofs

of geometric results

develop algebraic strategies with matrices

apply matrices in a number of contexts

Key focus:

Matrices used to represent various transformations of the plane

Matrix algebra used to manipulate the transformations

Revision for final test

Components
Components

Textbook Jacaranda Senior Mathematics Matrices and
Textbook Jacaranda Senior Mathematics Matrices and

Vectors (grey/blue textbook borrowed from the library)
Vectors (grey/blue textbook borrowed from the library)
Chapter 5

Chapter 5

Matrices may b e used to describe transformations of
Exercises 5.1 to 5.5
points or curves in the xy plane. Points in the plane may

be transformed by translation, reflection, rotation and
Further notes and examples on Matrix
dilation. There aWo
re other ways to transform points
Transformations may be found in Chapter 7 Maths
however, we will
restrict our discussion to these four
types.
Quest 11: Mathematical Methods (light blue e-
To find the matrix
o
f
t
ransformation
f
or
t
ransformations
book)

other than translation,
n
amely
r
eflection,
r
otation
a
nd

dilation, we will use the most general linear
transformation:

(x, y) = (ax + by, cx + dy).Each point (x, y) is mapped onto

its image (x, y) by:

1. What are the matrices used to transform the point (x,
y) by reflection in the x-axis, the y-axis, the lines y=x and

y=xtan, and anticlockwise rotation of about the origin?

What are the matrices used to transform the point (x, y)
Read and take notes for examples 5.1 through to
by a dilation factor of k about the origin, parallel to the x-
5.15

axis and parallel to the y-axis? Ensure these matrices are
Is there another
way to find the transformation
function or relation
without using the inverse

2. For example 5.13 show that D2 produces the same
&?
of!

transformation as D-2. Would this be true for any relation?

3. Write an A4 summary sheet (2 sides allowed) for your
More examples (scroll down to T):

final test. (Euclidean Geometry and Further matrices,
http://hotmath.com/hotmath_help/topics/index_h

Weeks 9-16)
otmath_review.html

Goals

Theoretical

Q/F/O

Practical

No forum or quiz. Revise for the test. Complete your summary sheet.