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eRAN7.

KPI Reference

Issue

01

Date

2014-04-26

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2014. All rights reserved.


No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior
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and other Huawei trademarks are trademarks of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective
holders.

Notice
The purchased products, services and features are stipulated by the contract made between Huawei and
the customer. All or part of the products, services and features described in this document may not be
within the purchase scope or the usage scope. Unless otherwise specified in the contract, all statements,
information, and recommendations in this document are provided "AS IS" without warranties, guarantees or
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About This Document

About This Document


Purpose
Due to the rapid expansion of multimedia applications, the downlink peak data rate now
exceeds 100 Mbit/s. The Long Term Evolution (LTE) standard was developed to meet this
increasing demand. A set of KPIs have been defined to evaluate this new system's
performance, especially that of the evolved Radio Access Network (eRAN).

Product Versions
The following table lists the product version related to this document.
Product Name

Product Version

DBS3900

V100R009C00

BTS3900

The mapping single-mode base station


version is:

BTS3900A

eNodeB: V100R007C00

BTS3900L
BTS3900AL
BTS3202E
BTS3203E LTE
BTS3205E

V100R009C00

Intended Audience
This document is intended for:

01 (2014-04-26)

Network planners

Network administrators

Network operators

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About This Document

Change History
This section provides information about the changes in different document versions.
There are two types of changes, which are defined as follows:

Technical change: refers to a change in the key performance indicator (KPI) definition of
a specific product version.

Editorial change: refers to a change in wording or the addition of information that was
not described in the earlier version.

The following describes the changes in eRAN7.0 KPI Reference.


The document versions are as follows:

01 (2014-04-26)

Draft A (2014-01-20)

01 (2014-04-26)
This is the first commercial release.
Compared with Draft A (2014-01-20) of eRAN7.0, this issue includes the following new
information:

2.3 S1SIG Connection Setup Success Rate

5.7 100% RB Cell Downlink Average Throughput

5.8 100% RB Cell Uplink Average Throughput

6.2 Uplink Preschedule Resource Block Occupied Rate

New KPI-related counters added to chapter 9 "Counter List"

Compared with Draft A (2014-01-20) of eRAN7.0, this issue includes the following changes:

The formula in section 5.3.2 "Definition"

The formula in section 5.4.2 "Definition"

Draft A (2014-01-20)
This is a draft.
Compared with 02 (2013-11-08) of eRAN6.1, this issue has no change.

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Contents

Contents
About This Document .................................................................................................................... ii
1 Overview......................................................................................................................................... 1
2 Accessibility KPIs ......................................................................................................................... 2
2.1 RRC Setup Success Rate (Service) .................................................................................................................. 2
2.1.1 Description .............................................................................................................................................. 2
2.1.2 Definition ................................................................................................................................................ 3
2.2 RRC Setup Success Rate (Signaling) ............................................................................................................... 3
2.2.1 Description .............................................................................................................................................. 3
2.2.2 Definition ................................................................................................................................................ 4
2.3 S1SIG Connection Setup Success Rate ............................................................................................................ 4
2.3.1 Description .............................................................................................................................................. 4
2.3.2 Definition ................................................................................................................................................ 5
2.4 E-RAB Setup Success Rate (VoIP) .................................................................................................................. 5
2.4.1 Description .............................................................................................................................................. 5
2.4.2 Definition ................................................................................................................................................ 7
2.5 E-RAB Setup Success Rate (All) ..................................................................................................................... 8
2.5.1 Description .............................................................................................................................................. 8
2.5.2 Definition ................................................................................................................................................ 8
2.6 Call Setup Success Rate ................................................................................................................................... 9
2.6.1 Description .............................................................................................................................................. 9
2.6.2 Definition ................................................................................................................................................ 9

3 Retainability KPIs ....................................................................................................................... 10


3.1 Call Drop Rate (VoIP) .................................................................................................................................... 10
3.1.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 10
3.1.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 11
3.2 Service Drop Rate (All).................................................................................................................................. 11
3.2.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 11
3.2.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 11
3.3 Service Drop Rate (Always Online) ............................................................................................................... 12
3.3.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 12

4 Mobility KPIs............................................................................................................................... 13

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Contents

4.1 Intra-Frequency Handover Out Success Rate ................................................................................................. 13


4.1.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 13
4.1.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 16
4.2 Inter-Frequency Handover Out Success Rate ................................................................................................. 16
4.2.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 16
4.2.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 16
4.3 Handover In Success Rate .............................................................................................................................. 17
4.3.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 17
4.3.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 19
4.4 Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to CDMA)............................................................................... 19
4.4.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 19
4.4.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 20
4.5 Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to WCDMA) ........................................................................... 21
4.5.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 21
4.5.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 21
4.6 Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to GSM) .................................................................................. 22
4.6.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 22
4.6.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 22
4.7 Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to TD-SCDMA) ...................................................................... 23
4.7.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 23
4.7.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 23

5 Service Integrity KPIs ................................................................................................................ 24


5.1 Service Downlink Average Throughput ......................................................................................................... 24
5.1.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 24
5.1.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 24
5.2 Service Uplink Average Throughput .............................................................................................................. 26
5.2.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 26
5.2.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 26
5.3 Cell Downlink Average Throughput............................................................................................................... 26
5.3.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 26
5.3.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 27
5.4 Cell Uplink Average Throughput ................................................................................................................... 27
5.4.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 27
5.4.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 27
5.5 Cell Downlink Maximum Throughput ........................................................................................................... 28
5.5.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 28
5.5.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 28
5.6 Cell Uplink Maximum Throughput ................................................................................................................ 28
5.6.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 28
5.6.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 28
5.7 100% RB Cell Downlink Average Throughput .............................................................................................. 29

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5.7.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 29


5.7.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 29
5.8 100% RB Cell Uplink Average Throughput ................................................................................................... 30
5.8.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 30
5.8.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 30

6 Utilization KPIs ........................................................................................................................... 31


6.1 Resource Block Utilizing Rate ....................................................................................................................... 31
6.1.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 31
6.1.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 31
6.2 Uplink Preschedule Resource Block Occupied Rate ...................................................................................... 32
6.2.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 32
6.2.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 32
6.3 Average CPU Load ......................................................................................................................................... 32
6.3.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 32
6.3.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 32

7 Availability KPIs ......................................................................................................................... 34


7.1 Radio Network Unavailability Rate ............................................................................................................... 34
7.1.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 34
7.1.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 34

8 Traffic KPIs .................................................................................................................................. 35


8.1 Radio Bearers ................................................................................................................................................. 35
8.1.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 35
8.1.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 35
8.2 Downlink Traffic Volume ............................................................................................................................... 36
8.2.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 36
8.2.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 36
8.3 Uplink Traffic Volume .................................................................................................................................... 37
8.3.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 37
8.3.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 37
8.4 Average User Number .................................................................................................................................... 38
8.4.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 38
8.4.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 38
8.5 Maximum User Number ................................................................................................................................. 39
8.5.1 Description ............................................................................................................................................ 39
8.5.2 Definition .............................................................................................................................................. 39

9 Counter List .................................................................................................................................. 40


10 References ................................................................................................................................... 46

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1 Overview

Overview

This document specifies a set of eRAN KPIs used to evaluate the performance of the LTE
system and provides a detailed description of the counters necessary for calculating these
KPIs. Given that LTE is a new system, the KPIs in this document are drafts, and as such, are
subject to change. KPIs will be updated according to commercial network management and
radio network optimization needs.
The KPIs in this document are classified into the following seven categories:

Accessibility KPIs

Retainability KPIs

Mobility KPIs

Service integrity KPIs

Utilization KPIs

Availability KPIs

Traffic KPIs

This document contains the following contents.

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Chapter

Details

1 Overview

Describes the overview of the document.

2 Accessibility KPIs

Describes accessibility KPIs.

3 Retainability KPIs

Describes retainability KPIs.

4 Mobility KPIs

Describes mobility KPIs.

5 Service Integrity KPIs

Describes service integrity KPIs.

6 Utilization KPIs

Describes utilization KPIs.

7 Availability KPIs

Describes availability KPIs.

8 Traffic KPIs

Describes traffic KPIs.

10 References

Provides a list of references.

9 Counter List

Provides a list of associated counters.

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2 Accessibility KPIs

Accessibility KPIs

Accessibility KPIs are used to measure the probability that a user accesses the network and
requests services in the given operating conditions. The service provided by the E-UTRAN is
defined as EPS/E-RABs. (EPS is short for evolved packet system, and E-RAB is short for
E-UTRAN radio access bearer). Radio Resource Control (RRC) connections and System
Architecture Evolution (SAE) setups are the main procedures whose performance is measured
by accessibility KPIs.

2.1 RRC Setup Success Rate (Service)


2.1.1 Description
According to 3GPP TS 36.331, the RRC connection setup procedure is triggered by different
causes, which are identified in the "establishmentCause" field in an RRC Connection Request
message as emergency, highPriorityAccess, mt-Access, mo-Signaling, mo-Data, or
delayTolerantAccess-v1020. The UE sets the establishmentCause in accordance with the
information it receives from upper layers. The mo-signaling cause is a signaling-related cause.
All other causes are service-related causes. The accessibility KPI evaluates the RRC setup
success rate using service-related causes in a cell or radio network.
The RRC Setup Success Rate (Service) KPI is calculated based on the counters measured at
the eNodeB when the eNodeB receives an RRC Connection Request message from the UE, as
shown in Figure 2-1. The number of RRC connection attempts is collected by the eNodeB at
measurement point A, and the number of successful RRC connections is counted at
measurement point C. The related counters are discussed in chapter 9 "Counter List."

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Figure 2-1 Measurement points for RRC connection setup

2.1.2 Definition
The RRC Setup Success Rate (Service) KPI is defined in Table 2-1. Note that the number of
RRC connection setup attempts (service) and the number of successful RRC setup
connections (service) are collected based on the description in section 2.1.1 "Description."
Table 2-1 RRC Setup Success Rate (Service)
KPI Name

RRC Setup Success Rate (Service)

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

2.2 RRC Setup Success Rate (Signaling)


2.2.1 Description
The RRC Setup Success Rate (Signaling) KPI indicates the RRC setup success rate of the
signaling-related cause (mo-signaling) in a cell or radio network.
Like the RRC Setup Success Rate (service), the RRC Setup Success Rate (Signaling) KPI is
used to calculate the RRC setup success rate only when the "establishmentCause" field is set
to mo-signaling in a cell or radio network.

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2.2.2 Definition
The RRC Setup Success Rate (Signaling) KPI is defined in Table 2-2. Note that the number of
RRC connection setup attempts (signaling) and the number of successful RRC setup
connections (signaling) are collected based on the description in section 2.1.1 "Description."
Table 2-2 RRC Setup Success Rate (Signaling)
KPI Name

RRC Setup Success Rate (Signaling)

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

2.3 S1SIG Connection Setup Success Rate


2.3.1 Description
The S1SIG Connection Setup Success Rate KPI indicates the success rate of signaling
connection setups over the S1 interface. This KPI includes counters such as the number of
setup attempts of S1 signaling connections related to UEs and the number of successful setups
of S1 signaling connections related to UEs.
The number of setup times of S1 signaling connections related to UEs is incremented by 1
each time when the eNodeB sends an INITIAL UE MESSAGE to the MME or receives the
first message from the MME. INITIAL UE MESSAGE is the first S1 message that the
eNodeB sends to the MME. It contains the NAS configuration information related to UEs,
based on which the MME sets up S1 signaling connections for UEs. The first S1 message sent
by the MME may be INITIAL CONTEXT SETUP REQUEST, DOWNLINK NAS
TRANSPORT, or UE CONTEXT RELEASE COMMAND. Receiving any of these messages
indicates that the S1 signaling connection is set up successfully.
As shown at point A in Figure 2-2, the L.S1Sig.ConnEst.Att counter is incremented by 1
when the eNodeB sends an INITIAL UE MESSAGE to the MME.
As shown at point B in Figure 2-2, the L.S1Sig.ConnEst.Succ counter is incremented by 1
when the eNodeB receives the first S1 message sent from an MME after sending an INITIAL
UE MESSAGE to the MME.

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Figure 2-1 S1 signaling connection setup triggering point

2.3.2 Definition
The S1SIG Connection Setup Success Rate KPI is defined in Table 2-3. Note that the number
of E-RAB setup attempts and the number of successful E-RAB setup times are collected
based on the description in section 2.5.1
Table 2-3 S1SIG Connection Setup Success Rate
KPI Name

S1SIG Connection Setup Success Rate

Measurement
Scope

Cell/Radio Network

Formula

Associated

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Counters
Unit

2.4 E-RAB Setup Success Rate (VoIP)


2.4.1 Description
The E-RAB Setup Success Rate (VoIP) KPI indicates the E-RAB setup success rate of the
voice over IP (VoIP) services in a cell or radio network.

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According to 3GPP TS 36.300 and 3GPP TS 36.413, the counters related to this KPI are
measured when the eNodeB receives an E-RAB Setup Request message or an Initial Context
Setup Request message from the mobility management entity (MME), as shown in Figure 2-2
and Figure 2-3. The E-RAB is part of the Evolved Packet Service (EPS) bearer. According to
3GPP TS 23.401, an E-RAB is one or more Service Data Flows between UE and an EPC. The
E-RAB identity remains unique for the UE even if the UE-associated logical S1-connection
(S1 bearer) is released during periods of user inactivity. The E-RAB consists of both the
E-RAB radio bearer (between the eNodeB and the UE, which is the same as the radio bearer
defined in the EPS bearer) and the corresponding S1 bearer (between the eNodeB and the
MME).
Figure 2-2 and Figure 2-3 show two scenarios: MME-initiated E-RAB setup (Scenario A) and
UE-triggered E-RAB setup (Scenario B). Scenario B is triggered by the radio bearer setup.
Initial Context Setup Request messages are exchanged between the eNodeB and the MME. If
the E-RAB Setup Request message or Initial Context Setup Request message requires
multiple E-RAB setups at the same time, specific counters are incremented for each E-RAB.
Figure 2-2 Measurement point for MME-initiated E-RAB setup

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Figure 2-3 Measurement points for UE-triggered E-RAB setup

The eNodeB collects the number of E-RAB connection setup attempts at measurement point
A, and the number of successful E-RAB connections is counted at measurement point B, as
shown in Figure 2-2 and Figure 2-3. Note that the eNodeB needs to specify the Quality of
Service (QoS) Class Identifier (QCI) for VoIP in the E-RAB setup message.
The voice service can be identified by the QoS information, particularly the QCI in the
E-RAB Setup Request message. In general, QCI 1 is assigned to the voice service.

2.4.2 Definition
The E-RAB Setup Success Rate (VoIP) KPI is defined in Table 2-4. Note that the number of
E-RAB connection setup attempts (VoIP) and the number of successful E-RAB setup
connections (VoIP) are collected based on the descriptions in section 2.4.1 "Description."

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Table 2-4 E-RAB Setup Success Rate (VoIP)


KPI Name

E-RAB Setup Success Rate (VoIP)

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula
Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

2.5 E-RAB Setup Success Rate (All)


2.5.1 Description
The E-RAB Setup Success Rate (All) KPI indicates the E-RAB setup success rate for all
services, including the VoIP service in a cell or radio network. This KPI is calculated based on
the counters (both the E-RAB connection setup attempts [all] and the successful E-RAB setup
[all] counters) measured at the eNodeB, as shown in Figure 2-2.

2.5.2 Definition
The E-RAB Setup Success Rate (All) KPI is defined in Table 2-5. The number of E-RAB
connection setup attempts (all) and the number of successful E-RAB setup counters (all) are
collected based on the description in section 2.4.1 "Description."
Table 2-5 E-RAB Setup Success Rate (All)
KPI Name

E-RAB Setup Success Rate (All)

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

01 (2014-04-26)

Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

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2.6 Call Setup Success Rate


2.6.1 Description
The Call Setup Success Rate KPI indicates the call setup success rate for all services,
including the VoIP service in a cell or radio network. This KPI is calculated based on the RRC
Setup Success Rate (Service) KPI, the S1 Signaling Connection Setup Success Rate KPI, and
the E-RAB Setup Success Rate (All) KPI.

2.6.2 Definition
The Call Setup Success Rate KPI is defined in Table 2-6. The KPI is calculated by
multiplying the RRC Setup Success Rate (Service) KPI, the S1 Signaling Connection Setup
Success Rate KPI, and the E-RAB Setup Success Rate (All) KPI.
Table 2-6 Call Setup Success Rate
KPI Name

Call Setup Success Rate

Measurement Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

CSSR

Associated Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

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RRCConnectionSuccessservice S1SIGConnectionEstablishSuccess ERABSetupSuccess

100%
RRCConnectionAttemptservice S1SIGConnectionEstablishAttempt ERABSetupAttempt

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3 Retainability KPIs

Retainability KPIs

Retainability KPIs indicate the network's capability to retain services requested by a user for a
desired duration once the user is connected to the services. Retainability KPIs are important in
evaluating whether the system can maintain a certain level of service quality.

3.1 Call Drop Rate (VoIP)


3.1.1 Description
The Call Drop Rate (VoIP) KPI indicates the call drop rate of the VoIP services in a cell or
radio network. A VoIP call drop occurs when the VoIP E-RAB is abnormally released. Each
E-RAB is associated with QoS information. Usually, the QCI of VoIP services is 1.
An E-RAB consists of a radio bearer and a corresponding S1 bearer. Any abnormal release of
either bearer causes a call drop. A release is defined as abnormal by its release cause
according to 3GPP TS 36.413.
Two procedures can be performed to release E-RABs: E-RAB Release Indication and UE
Context Release Request, as shown in Figure 3-1.
Figure 3-1 Abnormal E-RAB release

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When the eNodeB sends an E-RAB Release Indication message to the MME or a UE Context
Release Request message to the MME as shown in Figure 3-1, the abnormal E-RAB release
counter is incremented if the bearer to be released carries data and the release cause is not
"Normal Release", "Detach", "User Inactivity", "CS Fallback triggered", "UE Not Available
for PS Service", or "Inter-RAT Redirection". If the message contains several E-RAB ID IEs
(in the E-RAB To Be Released List IE), the counter will be incremented for each individual
E-RAB.

3.1.2 Definition
The Call Drop Rate (VoIP) KPI is defined in Table 3-1.
Table 3-1 Call Drop Rate (VoIP)
KPI Name

Call Drop Rate (VoIP)

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula
Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

3.2 Service Drop Rate (All)


3.2.1 Description
The Service Drop Rate (All) KPI indicates the call drop rate of all the services in a cell or
radio network, including the VoIP service. Similar to the KPI defined in section 3.1 "Call
Drop Rate (VoIP)", this KPI measures abnormal releases at the eNodeB.

3.2.2 Definition
The Service Drop Rate (All) KPI is defined in Table 3-2.

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Table 3-2 Service Drop Rate (All)


KPI Name

Service Drop Rate (All)

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula
Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

3.3 Service Drop Rate (Always Online)


3.3.1 Description
The Service Drop Rate (Always Online) KPI indicates the call drop rate of all the services in a
cell or radio network, including the VoIP services, when the always online state is active.
The Service Drop Rate (Always Online) KPI of all services is defined in Table 3-3.
Table 3-3 Service Drop Rate (Always Online)
KPI Name

Service Drop Rate (Always Online)

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

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Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

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4 Mobility KPIs

Mobility KPIs

Mobility KPIs are used to evaluate E-UTRAN mobility performance, which is critical to
customer experience. Three categories of mobility KPIs are defined based on the following
handover types: intra-frequency, inter-frequency, and inter-Radio Access Technology (RAT).

4.1 Intra-Frequency Handover Out Success Rate


4.1.1 Description
The Intra-Frequency Handover Out Success Rate KPI indicates the intra-frequency handover
success rate from the local cell or radio network to the intra-frequency neighboring cell or
radio network. An intra-frequency handover (HO) includes both inter-eNodeB and
intra-eNodeB scenarios.
The intra-eNodeB HO scenario is shown in Figure 4-1. The attempted HO counters are
collected at point B. When the eNodeB sends an RRC Connection Reconfiguration message
to the UE, it performs a handover. The eNodeB counts the number of times an intra-eNodeB
intra-frequency HO is attempted in the source cell. The successful HO counters are collected
at point C. The eNodeB counts the number of successful intra-eNodeB intra-frequency HOs
in the source cell when the eNodeB receives the RRC Connection Reconfiguration Complete
message from the UE.

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Figure 4-1 Scenario for intra-frequency intra-eNodeB handover

Two scenarios are available for the inter-eNodeB HO, as shown in Figure 4-2 and Figure 4-3.
The HO attempts are collected at point B. When the source-eNodeB (S-eNodeB) sends an
RRC Connection Reconfiguration message to the UE, it decides to perform an inter-eNodeB
HO. In this KPI, the source and target cells of the handover operate at the same frequency.
The number of inter-eNodeB intra-frequency HO attempts is measured at the source cell.
The number of successful inter-eNodeB intra-frequency HOs is collected at point C, as shown
in Figure 4-2 and Figure 4-3. During a handover with the source and target cells at the same
frequency, the number of successful inter-eNodeB intra-frequency HOs is measured in the
source cell. This measurement occurs when the S-eNodeB receives a UE Context Release
message from the target-eNodeB (T-eNodeB) or a UE Context Release Command message
from the MME, indicating that the UE T-eNodeB is successfully attached to the T-eNodeB.

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Figure 4-2 Scenario A for intra-frequency inter-eNodeB HO

Figure 4-3 Scenario B for intra-frequency inter-eNodeB HO

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4.1.2 Definition
The Intra-Frequency Handover Out Success Rate KPI is defined in Table 4-1. Note that the
attempted HO and the successful HO counters are collected based on the description in
section 4.1.1 "Description."
Table 4-1 Intra-Frequency Handover Out Success Rate
KPI Name

Intra-Frequency Handover Out Success Rate

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula
Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

4.2 Inter-Frequency Handover Out Success Rate


4.2.1 Description
The Inter-Frequency Handover Out Success Rate KPI indicates the inter-frequency handover
success rate from the local cell or radio network to the inter-frequency neighboring cell or
radio network. Note that the measurement points for the associated counters are the same as
those for the intra-frequency HO scenario described in section 4.1.1 "Description." The target
LTE cell operates at a frequency different from that of the source LTE cell, which is the only
difference between this KPI and the Intra-Frequency Handover Out Success Rate KPI.
As shown in Figure 4-1, if the source and target cells operating at different frequencies are
controlled by the same eNodeB, the eNodeB counts the number of intra-eNodeB
inter-frequency HO attempts at point B and the number of successful intra-eNodeB
inter-frequency HOs at point C in the source cell. As shown in Figure 4-2, if the handover
source and target cells are operating at different frequencies, the eNodeB counts the number
of inter-eNodeB inter-frequency HO attempts at point B and the number of successful
intra-eNodeB inter-frequency HOs at point C in the source cell.

4.2.2 Definition
The Inter-Frequency Handover Out Success Rate KPI is defined in Table 4-2. Note that the
attempted HO and the successful HO counters are collected based on the description in
section 4.2.1 "Description."

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Table 4-2 Inter-Frequency Handover Out Success Rate


KPI Name

Inter-Frequency Handover Out Success Rate

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula
Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

4.3 Handover In Success Rate


4.3.1 Description
The Handover In Success Rate KPI indicates the handover success rate from the inter- or
intra-eNodeB neighboring cells to the local cell or radio network. The HO includes both
inter-eNodeB and intra-eNodeB scenarios.
The intra-eNodeB HO scenario is shown in Figure 4-4. The attempted HO counters are
collected at point B. When the eNodeB sends an RRC Connection Reconfiguration message
to the UE, it performs a handover. The eNodeB counts the number of intra-eNodeB handover
attempts in the target cell. The successful HO counters are collected at point C. The eNodeB
counts the number of successful intra-eNodeB HOs in the target cell when the eNodeB
receives an RRC Connection Reconfiguration Complete message from the UE.
Figure 4-4 Intra-eNodeB HO

Two scenarios are available for the inter-eNodeB HO, as shown in Figure 4-5 and Figure 4-6.
The HO attempts are collected at point B in the target cell when the T-eNodeB sends a

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Handover Request Acknowledge message to the S-eNodeB or the MME. The number of
successful inter-eNodeB HO s are measured in the target cell at point C when the T-eNodeB
receives an RRC Connection Reconfiguration Complete message from the UE and sends a
UE CONTEXT RELEASE message to the S-eNodeB or when the T-eNodeB sends a
HANDOVER NOTIFY message to MME.
Figure 4-5 Scenario A for inter-eNodeB HO

Figure 4-6 Scenario B for inter-eNodeB HO

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4.3.2 Definition
The Handover In Success Rate KPI is defined in Table 4-3. Note that the attempted HO and
the successful HO counters are collected based on the description in section 4.3.1
"Description."
Table 4-3 Handover In Success Rate
KPI Name

Handover In Success Rate

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula
Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

4.4 Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to CDMA)


4.4.1 Description
The Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to CDMA) KPI indicates the success rate of
handovers from an LTE cell or radio network to CDMA2000 networks.
The number of LTE-to-CDMA2000 HO attempts increases by 1 at point B as shown in Figure
4-7 after the eNodeB sends a Mobility From EUTRA Command message to the UE. The
number of successful inter-RAT HOs from LTE to CDMA2000 increases by 1 at point C,
where the eNodeB receives a UE Context Release Command message from the MME after
the UE accesses the CDMA2000 network.

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Figure 4-7 Inter-RAT handover (LTE to CDMA)

4.4.2 Definition
The Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to CDMA) KPI is defined in Table 4-4. The
number of LTE-to-CDMA2000 HO attempts and the number of successful inter-RAT HOs
from LTE to CDMA2000 are collected as described in section 4.4.1 "Description."
Table 4-4 Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to CDMA)
KPI Name

Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to CDMA)

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

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IRATHO _ L2C _ SR

IRATHO _ L2C _ Success


100 %
IRATHO _ L2C _ Attempt

Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

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4.5 Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to


WCDMA)
4.5.1 Description
The Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to WCDMA) KPI indicates the success rate
of handovers from an LTE cell or radio network to WCDMA networks.
The number of LTE-to-WCDMA HO attempts increases by 1 at point B as shown in Figure
4-8 after the eNodeB sends a Mobility From EUTRA Command message to the UE. The
number of successful inter-RAT HOs from LTE to WCDMA increases by 1 at point C, where
the eNodeB receives a UE Context Release Command message from the MME after the UE
accesses the WCDMA network.
Figure 4-8 Inter-RAT handover (LTE to WCDMA/GSM/TD-SCDMA)

4.5.2 Definition
The Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to WCDMA) KPI is defined in Table 4-5.
The number of LTE-to-WCDMA HO attempts and the number of successful inter-RAT HOs
from LTE to WCDMA are collected as described in section 4.5.1 "Description."

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Table 4-5 Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to WCDMA)


KPI Name

Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to WCDMA)

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

IRATHO _ L2W _ SR

IRATHO _ L2W _ Success


100 %
IRATHO _ L2W _ Attempt

Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

4.6 Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to GSM)


4.6.1 Description
The Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to GSM) KPI indicates the success rate of
handovers from an LTE cell or radio network to GSM networks.
The number of LTE-to-GSM HO attempts increases by 1 at point B as shown in Figure 4-8
after the eNodeB sends a Mobility From EUTRA Command message to the UE. The number
of successful inter-RAT HOs from LTE to GSM increases by 1 at point C, where the eNodeB
receives a UE Context Release Command message from the MME after the UE accesses the
GSM network.

4.6.2 Definition
The Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to GSM) KPI is defined in Table 4-6. The
number of LTE-to-GSM HO attempts and the number of successful inter-RAT HOs from LTE
to GSM are collected as described in section 4.6.1 "Description."
Table 4-6 Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to GSM)
KPI Name

Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to GSM)

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

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IRATHO _ L2G _ SR

IRATHO _ L2G _ Success


100 %
IRATHO _ L2G _ Attempt

Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

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4.7 Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to


TD-SCDMA)
4.7.1 Description
The Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to TD-SCDMA) KPI indicates the success
rate of handovers from an LTE cell or radio network to TD-SCDMA networks.
The number of LTE-to-TD-SCDMA HO attempts increases by 1 at point B as shown in
Figure 4-8 after the eNodeB sends a Mobility From EUTRA Command message to the UE.
The number of successful inter-RAT HOs from LTE to TD-SCDMA increases by 1 at point C,
where the eNodeB receives a UE Context Release Command message from the MME after
the UE accesses the TD-SCDMA network.

4.7.2 Definition
The Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to TD-SCDMA) KPI is defined inTable 4-7.
The number of LTE-to-TD-SCDMA HO attempts and the number of successful inter-RAT
HOs from LTE to TD-SCDMA are collected as described in section 4.7.1 "Description."
Table 4-7 Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to TD-SCDMA)
KPI Name

Inter-RAT Handover Out Success Rate (LTE to TD-SCDMA)

Measurement
Scope

Cell/Radio Network

Formula

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IRATHO _ L2T _ SR

IRATHO _ L2T _ Success


100%
IRATHO _ L2T _ Attempt

Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

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Service Integrity KPIs

The service integrity KPIs indicate the E-UTRAN impacts on the service quality provided to
the end-user. The service integrity KPIs can be calculated for each cell or radio network.

5.1 Service Downlink Average Throughput


5.1.1 Description
The Service Downlink Average Throughput KPI consists of nine sub-KPIs that are mapped to
nine QCIs. These sub-KPIs indicate the busy-hour downlink (DL) throughput of a service
with a specific QCI per user in each cell. The Service Downlink Average Throughput KPI
reflects the end-user experience.

5.1.2 Definition
The Service Downlink Average Throughput KPI is defined in Table 5-2. Nine different
sub-KPIs exist for each QCI. The formula for each KPI is mapped to its corresponding
counter. Table 5-1 lists the requirements for services with different QCIs.
Table 5-1 Requirements for services with different QCIs
Packet
Delay
Budget
(NOTE 1)

Packet
Error
Loss

100 ms

10-2

Conversational Voice

150 ms

10-3

Conversational Video (Live


Streaming)

50 ms

10-3

Real Time Gaming

300 ms

10-6

Non-Conversational Video
(Buffered Streaming)

100 ms

10-6

IMS Signaling

QCI

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Resource
Type

GBR

Non-GBR

Priority

Example Services

Rate
(NOTE 2)

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QCI

5 Service Integrity KPIs

Resource
Type

Priority

Packet
Delay
Budget
(NOTE 1)

Packet
Error
Loss

Example Services

Rate
(NOTE 2)

300 ms

10-6

Video (Buffered Streaming)


TCP-based (e.g., www, e-mail,
chat, ftp, p2p file sharing,
progressive video, etc.)

100 ms

10-3

Voice, Video (Live Streaming)


Interactive Gaming

300 ms

10-6

300 ms

10-6

Video (Buffered Streaming)


TCP-based (e.g., www, e-mail,
chat, ftp, p2p file sharing,
progressive video, etc.)

Table 5-2 Service Downlink Average Throughput


KPI Name

Service Downlink Average Throughput

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

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Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

kbit/s

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5.2 Service Uplink Average Throughput


5.2.1 Description
The Service Uplink Average Throughput KPI consists of nine sub-KPIs that are mapped to
nine QCIs. These sub-KPIs indicate the busy-hour uplink (UL) throughput of a service with a
specific QCI per user in each cell. The Service Uplink Average Throughput KPI reflects the
end-user experience.

5.2.2 Definition
The Service Uplink Average Throughput KPI is defined in Table 5-3. Nine sub-KPIs exist for
each QCI. The formula for each KPI is mapped to its corresponding counter.
Table 5-3 Service Uplink Average Throughput
KPI Name

Service Uplink Average Throughput

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

kbit/s

5.3 Cell Downlink Average Throughput


5.3.1 Description
The Cell Downlink Average Throughput KPI indicates a cell's average downlink throughput
when data is transferring at the downlink. The Cell Downlink Average Throughput KPI
reflects the cell's capacity.

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5.3.2 Definition
The Cell Downlink Average Throughput KPI is defined in Table 5-4 and is calculated based
on all the data transferred at the downlink and the time it takes to transfer. The formula is
mapped to its corresponding counters.
Table 5-4 Cell Downlink Average Throughput
KPI Name

Cell Downlink Average Throughput

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

CellDLAveThp

CellDLTrafficVolume
1000 (ms) * CellDLTransferTime

Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

kbit/s

5.4 Cell Uplink Average Throughput


5.4.1 Description
The Cell Uplink Average Throughput KPI indicates the average cell uplink throughput when
data is transferring at the uplink. The Cell Uplink Average Throughput KPI reflects the cell's
capacity.

5.4.2 Definition
The Cell Uplink Average Throughput KPI is defined in Table 5-5 and is calculated based on
all the data transferred at the uplink and the time it takes to transfer. The formula is mapped to
its corresponding counters.
Table 5-5 Cell Uplink Average Throughput
KPI Name

Cell Uplink Average Throughput

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

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CellULAveThp

CellULTrafficVolume
1000 (ms ) * CellULTransferTime

Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

kbit/s

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5.5 Cell Downlink Maximum Throughput


5.5.1 Description
The Cell Downlink Maximum Throughput KPI indicates the cell downlink maximum
throughput when data is transferring at the downlink. The Cell Downlink Maximum
Throughput KPI reflects the cell's capacity.

5.5.2 Definition
The Cell Downlink Maximum Throughput KPI is defined in Table 5-6 and is calculated based
on the maximum volume of traffic transferred each second. The formula is mapped to its
corresponding counters.
Table 5-6 Cell Downlink Maximum Throughput
KPI Name

Cell Downlink Maximum Throughput

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula
Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

kbit/s

5.6 Cell Uplink Maximum Throughput


5.6.1 Description
This Cell Uplink Maximum Throughput KPI indicates the cell's maximum uplink throughput
when data is transferring at the uplink. The Cell Uplink Maximum Throughput KPI reflects
the cell's capacity.

5.6.2 Definition
The Cell Uplink Maximum Throughput KPI is defined in Table 5-7 and is calculated based on
the maximum volume of traffic transferred each second. The formula is mapped to its
corresponding counters.

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Table 5-7 Cell Uplink Maximum Throughput


KPI Name

Cell Uplink Maximum Throughput

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula
Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

kbit/s

5.7 100% RB Cell Downlink Average Throughput


5.7.1 Description
The 100% RB Cell Downlink Average Throughput KPI indicates the downlink capacity of a
cell based on the average downlink throughput in a cell and RB usage of downlink services
when all downlink RBs are used up.

5.7.2 Definition
The 100% RB Cell Downlink Average Throughput KPI is defined in Table 5-8.
Table 5-8 100% RB Cell Downlink Average Throughput
KPI Name

100% RB Cell Downlink Average Throughput

Measurement
Scope

Cell/Radio Network

Formula

CellDLCapacity

CellDLTrafficVolume*RB_AvailableDL
SP*60*1000(ms)*RB_DRBUsedDL

SP represents the reporting period of counters. The unit is minute.

Associated

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Counters
Unit

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5.8 100% RB Cell Uplink Average Throughput


5.8.1 Description
The 100% RB Cell Uplink Average Throughput KPI indicates the uplink capacity of a cell
based on the average uplink throughput in a cell, RB usage of uplink services, and RB usage
of uplink pre-scheduling when all uplink RBs are used up

5.8.2 Definition
The 100% RB Cell Uplink Average Throughput KPI is defined in Table 5-9.
Table 5-9 100% RB Cell Uplink Average Throughput
KPI Name

100% RB Cell Uplink Average Throughput

Measurement
Scope

Cell/Radio Network

Formula

CellULCapacity
CellULTrafficVolume*RB_AvailableUL
SP*60*1000(ms)*( RB_DRBUsedUL RB_PrescheduleUsedUL)
SP represents the reporting period of counters. The unit is minute.

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Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

kbit/s

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Utilization KPIs

Utilization KPIs are used to evaluate the capabilities, such as the capability to meet traffic
demands, in specific internal conditions.

6.1 Resource Block Utilizing Rate


6.1.1 Description
The Resource Block Utilizing Rate KPI consists of two sub-KPIs: the uplink resource block
(RB) utilizing rate and downlink RB utilizing rate. These two sub-KPIs indicate the busy-hour
DL and UL RB utilizing rates in each cell or radio network.

6.1.2 Definition
The uplink and downlink Resource Block Utilizing Rate KPIs are defined in Table 6-1.
Table 6-1 Resource Block Utilizing Rate
KPI Name

Resource Block Utilizing Rate

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

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Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

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6.2 Uplink Preschedule Resource Block Occupied Rate


6.2.1 Description
The Uplink Preschedule Resource Block Occupied Rate KPI indicates the percentage of
uplink RBs allocated to UEs for pre-scheduling. The Uplink Preschedule Resource Block
Occupied Rate KPI can be used to evaluate the impact on uplink RB usage caused by
pre-scheduling.
If pre-scheduling is enabled, when there are remaining uplink RBs in a cell, the eNodeB
allocates uplink RBs to UEs that have not sent a bandwidth request to reduce the uplink
service delay of these UEs.

6.2.2 Definition
The Uplink Preschedule Resource Block Occupied Rate KPI is defined in Table 6-2.
Table 6-2 Uplink Preschedule Resource Block Occupied Rate
KPI Name

Uplink Preschedule Resource Block Occupied Rate

Measurement
Scope

Cell/Radio Network

Formula

PrescheduleRB_URUL

Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

RB_PrescheduleUsedUL
RB_AvailableUL

6.3 Average CPU Load


6.3.1 Description
The Average CPU Load KPI indicates the CPU usage during busy hours.

6.3.2 Definition
The Average CPU Load KPI is defined in Table 6-3. The CPU load is calculated by averaging
the CPU usage ratio during the measurement period.

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Table 6-3 Average CPU Load

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KPI Name

Average CPU Load

Measurement
Scope

CPU

Formula

MeanCPUUtility

Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

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Availability KPIs

A cell is available when the eNodeB can provide EPS bearer services. Availability in a cell
can be measured when a variety of hardware/software faults occurs in the cell.

7.1 Radio Network Unavailability Rate


7.1.1 Description
The Radio Network Unavailability Rate KPI indicates the percentage of time when cells in a
radio network are unavailable. This KPI is used to evaluate the deterioration of network
performance caused by unavailable cells on the radio network during busy hours.

7.1.2 Definition
The Radio Network Unavailability Rate KPI is defined in Table 7-1. This KPI is calculated
based on the length of time all cell services are unavailable on the radio network.
Table 7-1 Radio Network Unavailability Rate
KPI Name

Radio Network Unavailability Rate

Measurement
Scope

Radio network

Formula

NOTE

"SP" indicates the reporting period for counters in minutes.

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Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

Percentage (%)

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Traffic KPIs

Traffic KPIs are used to measure the traffic volume on the LTE Radio Access Network (RAN).
Based on traffic types, the traffic KPIs are classified into the following categories: radio
bearers, downlink traffic volume, and uplink traffic volume.

8.1 Radio Bearers


8.1.1 Description
The Radio Bearers KPI consists of ten sub-KPIs. One KPI corresponds to the total of radio
bearers and the other nine correspond to nine QCIs. This set of sub-KPIs indicates the average
number of radio bearers in a cell or radio network. The radio bearer for each QCI is based on
the number of active RRC connections for each QCI, according to the QCI defined in the QoS
information.

8.1.2 Definition
The Radio Bearers KPIs are defined in Table 8-1 and include ten different sub-KPIs. The
formula for each KPI is mapped to its corresponding counter.

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Table 8-1 Radio Bearers


KPI Name

Radio Bearers

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

RadioBearers
RadioBearers_QCI_1
RadioBearers_QCI_2
RadioBearers_QCI_3
RadioBearers_QCI_4
RadioBearers_QCI_5
RadioBearers_QCI_6
RadioBearers_QCI_7
RadioBearers_QCI_8
RadioBearers_QCI_9

Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

NA

8.2 Downlink Traffic Volume


8.2.1 Description
Similar to the Radio Bearers KPI, the Downlink Traffic Volume KPI consists of ten sub-KPIs.
One KPI corresponds to the total DRB traffic volume, and the other nine correspond to nine
QCIs. This set of sub-KPIs indicates the downlink traffic volume in a cell, which is measured
at the PDCP layer and excludes the PDCP header.

8.2.2 Definition
The Downlink Traffic Volume KPIs are defined in Table 8-2 and include ten sub-KPIs. The
formula for each KPI is mapped to its corresponding counter.

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Table 8-2 Downlink Traffic Volume


KPI Name

Downlink Traffic Volume

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

DLTrafficVolume
DLTrafficVolume_QCI_1
DLTrafficVolume_QCI_2
DLTrafficVolume_QCI_3
DLTrafficVolume_QCI_4
DLTrafficVolume_QCI_5
DLTrafficVolume_QCI_6
DLTrafficVolume_QCI_7
DLTrafficVolume_QCI_8
DLTrafficVolume_QCI_9

Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

bit

8.3 Uplink Traffic Volume


8.3.1 Description
Similar to the Downlink Traffic Volume KPI, the Uplink Traffic Volume KPI consists of ten
sub-KPIs. One KPI corresponds to the total of traffic volume for DRBs, and the other nine
correspond to nine QCIs. This set of sub-KPIs indicates a cell's uplink traffic volume. The
sub-KPIs are measured at the PDCP layer and exclude the PDCP header.

8.3.2 Definition
The Uplink Traffic Volume KPIs are defined in Table 8-3 and include ten sub-KPIs. The
formula for each KPI is mapped to its corresponding counter.

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Table 8-3 Uplink Traffic Volume


KPI Name

Uplink Traffic Volume

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

ULTrafficVolume

ULTrafficVolume_ QCI _ 1
ULTrafficVolume_ QCI _ 2
ULTrafficVolume_ QCI _ 3

ULTrafficVolume_ QCI _ 4
ULTrafficVolume_ QCI _ 5
ULTrafficVolume_ QCI _ 6

ULTrafficVolume_ QCI _ 7
ULTrafficVolume_ QCI _ 8
ULTrafficVolume_ QCI _ 9
Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

bit

8.4 Average User Number


8.4.1 Description
The Average User Number KPI indicates the average number of users in RRC_Connected
mode in a cell. This value is calculated based on samples. The eNodeB records the number of
users in the cell to be sampled every second and then calculates the average value of these
samples throughout the measurement period.

8.4.2 Definition
The Average User Number KPI is defined in Table 8-4. The formula is mapped to its
corresponding counters.

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8 Traffic KPIs

Table 8-4 Average User Number


KPI Name

Average User Number

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

AveUserNumber

Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

NA

8.5 Maximum User Number


8.5.1 Description
The Maximum User Number KPI evaluates the maximum number of users in
RRC_Connected mode of a cell in a certain period of time. This value is calculated based on
samples. The eNodeB records the number of users in the cell to be sampled every second and
then calculates the maximum value of these samples throughout the measurement period.

8.5.2 Definition
The Maximum User Number KPI is defined in Table 8-5. The formula is mapped to its
corresponding counters.
Table 8-5 Maximum User Number

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KPI Name

Maximum User Number

Measurement
Scope

Cell or radio network

Formula

MaxUserNumber

Associated
Counters

See chapter 9 "Counter List."

Unit

NA

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9 Counter List

Counter List

Table 9-1 provides a list of all the counters relevant to KPI calculation. In each KPI
specification, one or more parameters are used to calculate the KPI, as shown in the KPI
formula. Each parameter is mapped to a counter. For details on each counter, see eNodeB
Performance Counter Reference.
Note that only QCI 1 is used for VoIP service (conversational voice). According to Table 6.1.7
in 3GPP TS 23.203, QCI 7 can also be assigned to non-conversational voice. In this document,
QCI 7 is not considered to be part of the VoIP service in KPI calculation.
The counters listed in the following table are described in eNodeB Performance Counter
Reference.
Table 9-1 KPI-related counter list
KPI

Parameter in KPI
Formula

Mapped Counters

RRC Setup Success


Rate (Service)

RRCConnectionAttem
ptservice

L.RRC.ConnReq.Att.Emc +
L.RRC.ConnReq.Att.HighPri +
L.RRC.ConnReq.Att.Mt +
L.RRC.ConnReq.Att.MoData +
L.RRC.ConnReq.Att.DelayTol

RRCConnectionSucce
ssservice

L.RRC.ConnReq.Succ.Emc +
L.RRC.ConnReq.Succ.HighPri +
L.RRC.ConnReq.Succ.Mt +
L.RRC.ConnReq.Succ.MoData +
L.RRC.ConnReq.Succ.DelayTol

RRCConnectionAttem
ptsignaling

L.RRC.ConnReq.Att.MoSig

RRCConnectionSucce
sssignaling

L.RRC.ConnReq.Succ.MoSig

VoIPERABSetupAtte
mpt

L.E-RAB.AttEst.QCI.1

VoIPERABSetupSucc
ess

L.E-RAB.SuccEst.QCI.1

RRC Setup Success


Rate (Signaling)

E-RAB Setup Success


Rate (VoIP)

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9 Counter List

KPI

Parameter in KPI
Formula

Mapped Counters

S1SIG Connection
Setup Success Rate

S1SIGConnectionEsta
blishAttempt

L.S1Sig.ConnEst.Att

S1SIGConnectionEsta
blishSuccess

L.S1Sig.ConnEst.Succ

E-RAB Setup Success


Rate (All)

ERABSetupAttempt

L.E-RAB.AttEst

ERABSetupSuccess

L.E-RAB.SuccEst

Call Setup Success


Rate

RRCConnectionAttem
ptservice

L.RRC.ConnReq.Att.Emc +
L.RRC.ConnReq.Att.HighPri +
L.RRC.ConnReq.Att.Mt +
L.RRC.ConnReq.Att.MoData +
L.RRC.ConnReq.Att.DelayTol

RRCConnectionSucce
ssservice

L.RRC.ConnReq.Succ.Emc +
L.RRC.ConnReq.Succ.HighPri +
L.RRC.ConnReq.Succ.Mt +
L.RRC.ConnReq.Succ.MoData +
L.RRC.ConnReq.Succ.DelayTol

S1SIGConnectionEsta
blishAttempt

L.S1Sig.ConnEst.Att

S1SIGConnectionEsta
blishSuccess

L.S1Sig.ConnEst.Succ

ERABSetupAttempt

L.E-RAB.AttEst

ERABSetupSuccess

L.E-RAB.SuccEst

VoIPERABAbnormal
Release

L.E-RAB.AbnormRel.QCI.1

VoIPERABRelease

L.E-RAB.AbnormRel.QCI.1 +

Call Drop Rate


(VoIP)

L.E-RAB.NormRel.QCI.1
Service Drop Rate
(All)

Service Drop Rate


(Always Online)

Intra-Frequency
Handover Out
Success Rate

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ERABAbnormalRelea
se

L.E-RAB.AbnormRel

ERABRelease

L.E-RAB.AbnormRel +
L.E-RAB.NormRel

ERABAbnormalRelea
seOfAlwaysOnline

L.E-RAB.AbnormRel

ERABReleaseOfAlwa
ysOnline

L.E-RAB.AbnormRel +
L.E-RAB.NormRel +
L.E-RAB.Num.Syn2Unsyn

IntraFreqHOOutAttem
pt

L.HHO.IntraeNB.IntraFreq.ExecAttOut
+
L.HHO.IntereNB.IntraFreq.ExecAttOut

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9 Counter List

KPI

Inter-Frequency
Handover Out
Success Rate

Handover In Success
Rate

Parameter in KPI
Formula

Mapped Counters

IntraFreqHOOutSucce
ss

L.HHO.IntraeNB.IntraFreq.ExecSuccO
ut +
L.HHO.IntereNB.IntraFreq.ExecSuccO
ut

InterFreqHOOutAttem
pt

L.HHO.IntraeNB.InterFreq.ExecAttOut
+
L.HHO.IntereNB.InterFreq.ExecAttOut

InterFreqHOOutSucce
ss

L.HHO.IntraeNB.InterFreq.ExecSuccO
ut +
L.HHO.IntereNB.InterFreq.ExecSuccO
ut

HOInAttempt

L.HHO.IntraeNB.ExecAttIn +
L.HHO.IntereNB.ExecAttIn

HOInSuccess

L.HHO.IntraeNB.ExecSuccIn +
L.HHO.IntereNB.ExecSuccIn

Inter-RAT Handover
Out Success Rate
(LTE to CDMA)

IRATHO_L2C_Attem
pt

L.IRATHO.E2C.ExecAttOut

IRATHO_L2C_Succe
ss

L.IRATHO.E2C.ExecSuccOut

Inter-RAT Handover
Out Success Rate
(LTE to WCDMA)

IRATHO_L2W_Atte
mpt

L.IRATHO.E2W.ExecAttOut

IRATHO_L2W_Succe
ss

L.IRATHO.E2W.ExecSuccOut

Inter-RAT Handover
Out Success Rate
(LTE to GSM)

IRATHO_L2G_Attem
pt

L.IRATHO.E2G.ExecAttOut

IRATHO_L2G_Succe
ss

L.IRATHO.E2G.ExecSuccOut

Inter-RAT Handover
Out Success Rate
(LTE to TD-SCDMA)

IRATHO_L2T_Attem
pt

L.IRATHO.E2T.ExecAttOut

IRATHO_L2T_Succe
ss

L.IRATHO.E2T.ExecSuccOut

Service Downlink
Average Throughput

DLAverageThroughpu
t_QCI_n

L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.1 /
L.Thrp.Time.DL.QCI.1
L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.2 /
L.Thrp.Time.DL.QCI.2
L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.3 /
L.Thrp.Time.DL.QCI.3
L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.4 /
L.Thrp.Time.DL.QCI.4

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9 Counter List

Parameter in KPI
Formula

KPI

Mapped Counters
L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.5 /
L.Thrp.Time.DL.QCI.5
L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.6 /
L.Thrp.Time.DL.QCI.6
L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.7 /
L.Thrp.Time.DL.QCI.7
L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.8 /
L.Thrp.Time.DL.QCI.8
L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.9 /
L.Thrp.Time.DL.QCI.9

Service Uplink
Average Throughput

ULAverageThroughpu
t_QCI_n

L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.1 /
L.Thrp.Time.UL.QCI.1
L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.2 /
L.Thrp.Time.UL.QCI.2
L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.3 /
L.Thrp.Time.UL.QCI.3
L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.4 /
L.Thrp.Time.UL.QCI.4
L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.5 /
L.Thrp.Time.UL.QCI.5
L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.6 /
L.Thrp.Time.UL.QCI.6
L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.7 /
L.Thrp.Time.UL.QCI.7
L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.8 /
L.Thrp.Time.UL.QCI.8
L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.9 /
L.Thrp.Time.UL.QCI.9

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Cell Downlink
Average Throughput

CellDLTrafficVolume

L.Thrp.bits.DL

CellDLTransferTime

L.Thrp.Time.Cell.DL.HighPrecision

Cell Uplink Average


Throughput

CellULTrafficVolume

L.Thrp.bits.UL

CellULTransferTime

L.Thrp.Time.Cell.UL.HighPrecision

Cell Downlink
Maximum
Throughput

CellDLMaxTrafficVol
umeforEach1s

L.Thrp.bits.DL.Max

Cell Uplink
Maximum
Throughput

CellULMaxTrafficVol
umeforEach1s

L.Thrp.bits.UL.Max

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9 Counter List

KPI

Parameter in KPI
Formula

Mapped Counters

100% RB Cell
Downlink Average
Throughput

CellDLTrafficVolume

L.Thrp.bits.DL

RB_AvailableDL

L.ChMeas.PRB.DL.Avail

RB_DRBUsedDL

L.ChMeas.PRB.DL.DrbUsed.Avg

CellULTrafficVolume

L.Thrp.bits.UL

RB_AvailableUL

L.ChMeas.PRB.UL.Avail

RB_DRBUsedUL

L.ChMeas.PRB.UL.DrbUsed.Avg

RB_PrescheduleUsed
UL

L.ChMeas.PRB.UL.PreSch.Used.Avg

RB_UsedDL

L.ChMeas.PRB.DL.Used.Avg

RB_AvailableDL

L.ChMeas.PRB.DL.Avail

RB_UsedUL

L.ChMeas.PRB.UL.Used.Avg

RB_AvailableUL

L.ChMeas.PRB.UL.Avail

Uplink Preschedule
Resource Block
Occupied Rate

RB_PrescheduleUsed
UL

L.ChMeas.PRB.UL.PreSch.Used.Avg

RB_AvailableUL

L.ChMeas.PRB.UL.Avail

Average CPU Load

MeanCPUUtility

VS.BBUBoard.CPULoad.Mean

Radio Network
Unavailability Rate

CellUnavailTime

L.Cell.Unavail.Dur.Sys +
L.Cell.Unavail.Dur.Manual

Radio Bearers

RadioBearers

L.Traffic.DRB

RadioBearers_QCI_n

L.Traffic.DRB.QCI.1

100% RB Cell Uplink


Average Throughput

Resource Block
Utilizing Rate

L.Traffic.DRB.QCI.2
L.Traffic.DRB.QCI.3
L.Traffic.DRB.QCI.4
L.Traffic.DRB.QCI.5
L.Traffic.DRB.QCI.6
L.Traffic.DRB.QCI.7
L.Traffic.DRB.QCI.8
L.Traffic.DRB.QCI.9
Downlink Traffic
Volume

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DLTrafficVolume

L.Thrp.bits.DL

DLTrafficVolume_QC
I_n

L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.1
L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.2

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9 Counter List

Parameter in KPI
Formula

KPI

Mapped Counters
L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.3
L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.4
L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.5
L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.6
L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.7
L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.8
L.Thrp.bits.DL.QCI.9

Uplink Traffic
Volume

ULTrafficVolume

L.Thrp.bits.UL

ULTrafficVolume_QC
I_n

L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.1
L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.2
L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.3
L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.4
L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.5
L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.6
L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.7
L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.8
L.Thrp.bits.UL.QCI.9

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Average User Number

AvgUserNumber

L.Traffic.User.Avg

Maximum User
Number

MaxUserNumber

L.Traffic.User.Max

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10 References

10

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References

1.

3GPP, TS36.331 v10.9.0 (March 2013), "Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access
(E-UTRA), Radio Resource Control (RRC); Protocol Specification, (Release 10)"

2.

3GPP, TS36.300 v8.6.0 (September 2008), "Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access
(E-UTRA) and Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN);
Overall description; Stage 2 (Release 8)"

3.

3GPP, TS36.413 v8.3.0 (September 2008), "Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access
(E-UTRA) and Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN); S1
Application Protocol (S1AP) (Release 8)"

4.

3GPP, TS23.401 v8.4.0 (December 2008), "Technical Specification Group Services and
System Aspects; General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) enhancements for Evolved
Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network (E-UTRAN) access (Release 8)"

5.

3GPP, TS23.203 v8.3.1 (September 2008), "Technical Specification Group Services and
System Aspects: Policy and charging control architecture (Release 8)"

6.

eNodeB Performance Counter Reference

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