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Afirmativo

I get up at eight oclock


You get up at eight oclock
He gets up at eight oclock
She gets up at eight oclock
It gets up at eight oclock
We get up at eight oclock
You get up at eight oclock
They get up at eight oclock

Negativo
I do not (dont)get up at eight oclock
You do not (dont get) up at eight oclock
He does not (doesnt) get up at eight oclock
She does not (doesnt) get up at eight oclock
It does not (doesnt) get up at eight oclock
We do not (dont) get up at eight oclock
You do not (dont) get up at eight oclock
They do not (dont) get up at eight oclock

Interrogativo (yes/no questions)

Do I like fish?
Do you like fish?
Does he like fish?

Does she like fish?


Does it like fish?
Do we like fish?
Do you like fish?
Do they like fish?

Respuestas cortas
Yes, I do.
Yes, you do.
Yes, he does.
Yes, she does.
Yes, it does.
Yes, we do.
Yes, you do.
Yes, they do.
No, I dont
No, you dont
No, he doesnt
No, she doesnt
No, it doesnt
No, we dont
No, you dont
No, they dont
* Con las respuestas cortas no repetimos el verbo principal. Slo utilizamos la
forma correspondiente del verbo auxiliary do.

Interrogativo (wh questions)


When do I get up?
When do you get up?
When does he get up?
When does she get up?
When does it get up?
When do we get up?
When do you get up?
When do they get up?

Uso del presente simple


* Se utiliza el presente simple para hablar de actividades que se realizan
regularmente y para hablar de rutinas (diarias, semanales, anuales, etc).
NO SE UTILIZA para hablar de actividades que est sucediendo en el momento
dehablar.
* Con he, she, it (la tercera persona singular) en afirmativo, se aade s o es al
verbo,segn las reglas siguientes.

Reglas de ortografa verbo + -s/-es


* Para formar la tercera persona singular (que corresponde a he, she, it) del
presente simple, normalmente se aade s.
eat - eats
work - works
* A los verbos que acaban en ch, -sh, -s, -x, se les aade es. wash - washes
teach - teaches
* A los verbos do y go se les aade es. do - does
go - goes
* A los verbos acabados en consonante + -y, se les quita la y y se aade ies.
try - tries
study - studies

* A los verbos acabados en vocal + -y, se les aade s. say - says


play - plays

Pronunciacin verbo + -es.


*La terminacin es del presente simple se pronuncia /iz/ cuando los verbos
acaban en ch, -sh, -s, -x, aadiendo una slaba al verbo.
I teach - he teaches
En los dems verbos, la terminacin es no constituye una slaba adicional.
we go - she goes

Ejercicios
Utiliza la presente simple afirmativa
1. I ________ (go) shopping with my brother.
2. We sometimes ________ (use) a dictionary in class.
3. My friends ________ (study) Italian at their school.
4. School ________ (finish) at three oclock.
5.You ________ (live) near me.
6. He ________(like) rap music.
7. She ________ (do) her homework before dinner.
8. We ________ (play) tennis in school on Wednesday afternoon.
9. I ________ (watch) TV in the evening.
10. My mother ________ (teach) art.

Las respuestas correctas


1. I go shopping with my brother.
2. We sometimes use a dictionary in class.
3. My friends study Italian at their school.
4. School finishes at three oclock.
5.You live near me.

6. He likes rap music.


7. She does her homework before dinner.
8. We play tennis in school on Wednesday afternoon.
9. I watch TV in the evening.
10. My mother teaches art.

Hacer las frases en negativa


1. I study French.
_____________________________________________
2. School finishes at two oclock.
_____________________________________________
3. You copy from other students.
_____________________________________________
4. We think English is easy.
_____________________________________________
5. My friends play volleyball.
_____________________________________________
6. I watch TV on Saturday morning.
_____________________________________________
7. She speaks Chinese.
_____________________________________________
8. The dog likes cats.
_____________________________________________
9. They listen to pop music.
_____________________________________________
10. I play with my hamster every day.
_____________________________________________

Las respuestas correctas


1. I dont study French.
2. School doesnt finish at two oclock.
3. You copy from other students.
4. We dont think English is easy.
5. My friends dont play volleyball.
6. I dont watch TV on Saturday morning.
7. She doesnt speak Chinese.
8. The dog doesnt like cats.
9. They dont listen to pop music.
10. I dont play with my hamster every day.

Escribir las frases y completar las respuestas breves


1. live / at / you / Do / school / ?
_____________________________________________
No, ___________________
2. in / students / Do / the canteen / ? / eat
_____________________________________________
Yes, ___________________
3. to school / your brother / on Saturday / ? / Does / go
_____________________________________________
No, ___________________
4. live / near / Do / your friends / you / ?
_____________________________________________
Yes, ___________________
5. at / school/ finish / Does / three oclock / ?
_____________________________________________

No, ___________________

Las respuestas correctas


1. Do you live at school?
No, I dont.
2. Do students eat in the canteen?
Yes, they do.
3. Does your brother go to school on Saturday?
No, he doesnt.
4. Do your friends live near you?
Yes, they do.
5. Does school finish at three oclock?
No, it doesnt.

Presente Simple
1. I _________ (play) tennis after school
2. You _________ (start) school at nine oclock.
3. We _________ (have) lunch at school.
4. They _________ (watch) TV after dinner.
5. She _________ (not get up) at seven oclock.
6. We _________ (go) to bed at nine oclock.
7. What time _________ I (get) up?
8. What _________ she _________ after school?
9. He _________ (play) football.
10. Susan _________ (go) to the cinema.
11. My mother _________ (start) work at half past seven.
12. What _________ they _________ (do) in the evening?
13. How _________ you _________ (spell) that in English?

14. Brian _________ (get) up at eight oclock.


15. Where _________ John and Martin _________ (go ?
16. Serena _________ (not know) what to do.
17. Wendy _________ (not like) to do shopping.
18. My grandfather _________ (not live) in London.
19. My sisters _________ (walk) to school every day.
20. My best friend _________ (like) math.
21. My brother and I _________ (have) breakfast half past seven.
22. My cousin _________ (study) biology.
23. We _________ (go) to the cinema at the weekend.
24. When _________ Mary _________ (start) school?
25. Gill _________ (not work) in a supermarket.

Las respuestas correctas


1. I play tennis after school
2. You start school at nine oclock.
3. We have lunch at school.
4. They watch TV after dinner.
5. She doesnt get up at seven oclock.
6. We go to bed at nine oclock.
7. What time do I get up?
8. What does she do after school?
9. He plays football.
10. Susan goes to the cinema.
11. My mother starts work at half past seven.
12. What do they do in the evening?
13. How do you spell that in English?

14. Brian gets up at eight oclock.


15. Where do John and Martin go ?
16. Serena doesnt know what to do.
17. Wendy doesnt like to do shopping.
18. My grandfather doesnt live in London.
19. My sisters walks to school every day.
20. My best friend likes math.
21. My brother and I have breakfast half past seven.
22. My cousin studies biology.
23. We go to the cinema at the weekend.
24. When does Mary start school?
25. Gill doesnt work in a supermarket.

Presente simple
1. Ana _________ (not watch) TV.
2. Peter _________ (not study) French.
3. Javi _________ (watch) TV.
4. Antonio _________ (play) computer games.
5. Luis Miguel _________ (not read) magazines.
6. _________ Mara _________ (listen) to music?
7. _________ Beatriz _________ (tidy) her room?
8. My parents _________ (read) the newspaper.
9. When _________ your brother _________ (surf) the internet?
10. Who _________ you _________ (play) football with?
11. What _________ your sister _________ (do) on Saturday?
12. Blanca _________ (go) to a sleepover.
13. Isabel _________ (not phone) a friend.

14. I _________ (eat) a hamburger every weekend.


15. My Mum _________ (like) classical music.
16. I _________ (not eat) pizza.
17. I _________ (drink) water.
18. Gonzalo _________ (help) his friends with their homework.
19. Carlos _________ (make) people laugh.
20. Alan _________ (not like) talking to new people.
21. Chris _________ (do) the housework for her parents.
22. I _________ (want) to join Daniels fan club.
23. Isabel and I _________ (see) each other every week.
24. Linda _________ (wear) new clothes.
25. Derek and Sam _________ (wear) striped T-shirts.

Las respuestas correctas


1. Ana doesnt watch TV.
2. Peter doesnt study French.
3. Javi watches TV.
4. Antonio plays computer games.
5. Luis Miguel doesnt read magazines.
6. Does Mara listen to music?
7.Does Beatriz tidy her room?
8. My parents read the newspaper.
9. When does your brother surf the internet?
10. Who do you play football with?
11. What does your sister do on Saturday?
12. Blanca goes to a sleepover.
13. Isabel doesnt phone a friend.

14. I eat a hamburger every weekend.


15. My Mum likes classical music.
16. I dont eat pizza.
17. I drink water.
18. Gonzalo helps his friends with their homework.
19. Carlos makes people laugh.
20. Alan doesnt like talking to new people.
21. Chris does the housework for her parents.
22. I want to join Daniels fan club.
23. Isabel and I see each other every week.
24. Linda wears new clothes.
25. Derek and Sam wear striped T-shirts.

Presente Simple
1. Uncle Joe _________ (wear) glasses.
2. Ducks _________ (love) water.
3. The sun _________ (rise) in the east.
4. The children _________ (not go) to school by bus.
5. Juanma _________ (enjoy) singing.
6. Jesus _________ (not lend) me his bike.
7. Monkeys _________ (like) bananas.
8. Pepi _________ (not collect) stamps.
9. The earth _________ (go) around the sun.
10. It often _________ (snow) in winter.
11. We _________ (wash) our hands.
12. We _________ (eat) three meals a day.
13. _________ he _________ (type) very fast?

14. Luca _________ (work) at the court.


15. Everyone _________ (make) mistakes.
16. Winter _________ (not come) after spring.
17. _________ you _________ (like) my new bike?
18. _________ she _________ (walk) to school?
19. Pedro _________ (speak) English very well.
20. My dog _________ (bark) very loudly.
21. _________ Sara _________ (read) in bed?
22. _________ babies _________ (sleep) during the day?
23. Eva _________ (try) not to disturb.
24. Eagles _________ (fly) high in the sky.
25. My sister _________ (cook) all our meals.

Las respuestas correctas


1. Uncle Joe wears glasses.
2. Ducks love water.
3. The sun rises in the east.
4. The children dont go to school by bus.
5. Juanma enjoys singing.
6. Jesus doesnt lend me his bike.
7. Monkeys like bananas.
8. Pepi doesnt collect stamps.
9. The earth goes around the sun.
10. It often snows in winter.
11. We wash our hands.
12. We eat three meals a day.
13. Does he type very fast?

14. Luca works at the court.


15. Everyone makes mistakes.
16. Winter doesnt come after spring.
17. Do you like my new bike?
18. Does she walk to school?
19. Pedro speaks English very well.
20. My dog barks very loudly.
21. Does Sara read in bed?
22. Do babies sleep during the day?
23. Eva tries not to disturb.
24. Eagles fly high in the sky.
25. My sister cooks all our meals.

.2 - Presente Simple: Oraciones afirmativas y negativas


Un uso comn para el presente simple es el hablar sobre informacin personal,
por ejemplo, de los trabajos de las personas y donde viven. Generalmente
usamos el presente simple para hablar de hechos (acontecimientos), costumbres o
estados de nimo.

Veamos un ejemplo de cada uno de estos temas:

La gramtica del presente simple estipula que al hablar de terceras personas del
singular (He, She, It) se debe agregar una "-s" "-es" al final del
verbo (dependiendo el caso) para oraciones afirmativas.
Oraciones afirmativas de presente simple:

Reglas para verbos conjugados con terceras personas de presente simple


Existen 4 reglas que se deben cumplir para el caso de los verbos conjugados
con terceras personas del singular, es decir, en caso de agregar "-s" o "-es".
Estas reglas estn determinadas teniendo en cuenta la terminacin del verbo.
Todos los verbos aqu mostrados pueden encontrarse en el curso de ingls bsico.
1) Verbos en general - Es comn que cualquier verbo que no tenga en cuenta las
caractersticas posteriores, solamente se agregue una "-s" al final del verbo:
Work / Works (trabajar)
Know / Knows (saber)
Speak / Speaks (hablar)
2) Terminacion del verbo en "-ch, -sh, -x -ss" - Con este tipo de verbos
simplemente se debe agregar "-es" al final:
catch / catches
wash / washes
mix / mixes
miss / misses

(atrapar)
(lavar)
(mezclar)
(extraar, perder)

3) Terminacin del verbo en "consonante + y" - En este caso hay que cambiar
la "y" por "i" y agregar "es":
Study / Studies
Try / Tries
Fry / Fries

(Estudiar)
(Intentar)
(Freir)

4) Verbos con forma especial:


go / goes (ir)
do / does (hacer)
have / has (tener)
Ejemplos de presente simple en oraciones afirmativas:
I work on saturdays

(Trabajo los sbados)

He has a nice computer


My dad works near here
They like the good music
Peter washes his car every week
Clara and Gabriel have a pet
Hugo loves his job
My parents and I live in Mexico

(l tiene una bonita computadora)


(Mi papa trabaja cerca de aqu)
(A ellos les gusta la buena msica)
(Pedro lava su carro cada semana)
(Clara y Gabriel tienen una mascota)
(Hugo ama su trabajo)
(Mis padres y yo vivimos en Mxico)

En estos ejemplos se han puesto en cursiva los verbos de cada oracin para
demostrar cmo es que cambia dependiendo de si el sujeto es una tercera
persona no lo es. Por otro lado para formar oraciones negativas usamos los
verbos auxiliares "do" "does" + not. "Does" solo con las terceras personas:
Oraciones negativas de presente simple:

Las contracciones "don't" y "doesn't" son muy ampliamente usadas al hablar


en ingls, de hecho, es ms comn que se escuche hablar a las personas con
estas contracciones en vez de usar las dos palabras de cada una.
Ntese que con oraciones negativas no hay cambio en el verbo aunque estn
en tercera persona, esto nicamente es para las oraciones afirmativas.
A continuacin se muestran los ejemplos que se vieron en la seccin anterior pero
en su modo negativo.
Ejemplos de presente simple en oraciones negativas:
I do not work on saturdays
(No trabajo los sbados)
He doesn't have a nice computer
(l no tiene una bonita computadora)
My dad doesn't work near here
(Mi papa no trabaja cerca de aqu)
They don't like the good music
(A ellos no les gusta la buena msica)
Peter doesn't wash his car every week (Pedro no lava su carro cada semana)
Clara and Gabriel don't have a pet
(Clara y Gabriel no tienen una mascota)
Hugo doesn't love his job
(Hugo no ama su trabajo)

My parents and I don't live in Mexico

(Mis padres y yo no vivimos en Mxico)

En la siguiente leccin se va a mostrar la forma de hacer preguntas y tambin


algunos ejemplos de cmo contestarlas adecuadamente en el modo actual de
presente simple.
Actualizacin: Esta leccin se encuentra disponible en video, haz clic aqu para
ver en YouTube o eneste enlace para revisar la lista de reproduccin de este
blog. Suscrbete a mi canal para futuros videos de ingls. Ms lecciones y recursos
de ingls en este enlace.
GOING TO
(+) He is going to play football tonight.
(-) He is not going to play football tonight.
(? ) Is he going to play football tonight?
(+) You are going to work tomorrow.
(-) Youre not going to work tomorrow.
(?) Are you going to work tomorrow?
_______________________________________
PRESENTE CONTINUO
(+) They are swimming in the pool now.
(-) They arent swimming in the pool now.
(?) Are they swimming in the pool now?
(+) She is studying at the moment.
(-) Shes not studying at the moment.
(?) Is she studying at the moment.
(

Presente continuo interrogativo

Presente Continuo
El presente progresivo se utiliza para acontecimientos que estn ocurriendo en o en
torno a este momento particular en el tiempo, o para indicar que algo es temporal, o
para hablar de situaciones que van cambiando, y tambin para hablar sobre planes en el
futuro.

Afirmativo

Presente de "to be" + sujeto + verbo -ing


+ ...?
Negativo

Presente de "to be" + sujeto + not + verbo


-ing?

Afirmativo

Negativo

Negativo

Am I working?

Am I not working

Am I not working?

Are you working?

Are you not working?

Aren't you working?

Is he working?

Is not he working?

Isn't he working?

Is she working?

Is not she working?

Isn't she working?

Is it working?

Is not it working?

Isn't it working?

Are we working?

Are not we working?

Aren't we working?

Are you working?

Are not you working?

Aren't you working?

Are they working?

Are not they working?

Aren't they working?

Ejemplos

Am I dancing?

Estoy bailando?

Are you learning karate?

Ests aprendiendo krate?

Is he not swimming now?

No est nadando ahora?

Is she travelling to New York?

Est viajando a Nueva York?

Is it getting dark?

Est oscureciendo?

Are we doing the right thing?

Estamos haciendo lo correcto?

Are you making your beds?

Estis haciendo vuestras camas?

Are they building a house?

Estn costruyendo una casa?

Ejercicios
Pon el verbo entre parntesis en la forma adecuada del 'past perfect continuous'.
1 Mary is leaving tomorrow.
?

2 She is always making noises.


?

3 We are doing justice.


?

4 My father is fixing it.


?

5 Our neighbours are playing volleyball.


?

6 Susan and her brother are going there.


?

7 You are making it.


?

8 He is having dinner.
?

9 I am reading an interesting novel.

10 Lucy is paying the bill.


?

La estructura bsica del afirmativo del presente continuo: (somebody=alguien;


somewhere-algn sitio; something=algo)
suj

aux

I
You
He
She
It
You
We
They

am
are
is
is
is
are
are
are

verbo
eating
talking
listening
reading
going
looking
wearing
sitting

Practicar:

something.
to somebody.
to something.
something.
somewhere.
at something.
something.
somewhere.

Estoy comiendo algo.


Estas hablando con alguien.
Est escuchando algo. (l)
Est leyendo algo. (ella)
Va a algn sitio.
Mirais algo.
Llevamos algo puesto.
Estn sentados en algn sitio.

Present Continous Activities - Escucha las oraciones en presente continuo y


haz las actividades.
Nota: Con el presente continuo se utilizan dos verbos: la forma
correspondiente del verbo "to be" como verbo auxilar y la forma bsica del
verbo (el infinitivo) como verbo principal (ms "ing").
Nota: Normalmente, simplemente se aade "ing" al verbo para formar el
verbo principal (Llamado "presente participio" por unos y forma "-ing" por
otros). En los verbos de una sola slaba que acaban en una vocal y una
consonante, se dobla la consonante: "sit" = "sitting". En los verbos que acaban
en una vocal, una consonante y "e", se quita la "e" y se reemplaza con "ing":
"write" = "writing", "rate" = "rating", "like" = "liking".
Una diferencia entre el presente continuo y el presente simple: Algunas
ideas en ingls pueden sonar un tanto absurdas a odos espaoles si se
traducen directamente. Por ejemplo, "We are wearing something" equivale a
"Llevamos algo puesto" y no"Estamos llevando algo puesto", o "They are
sitting" equivale a "Estn sentados" y no"Estn sentndose" como en espaol.
La razn por la que utilizamos el presente continuo para describir estas
situaciones es que el presente simple en ingls se limita a describir hbitos y
caractersticas (o verdades generales). En otras palabras, si utilizramos el
presente simple para decir "we wear something" sonara a que tenemos ese
hbito o caracterstica. (Por ejemplo: "Llevamos puesto algo todos los das" o
"Llevamos puesto algo por regla general".)
La estructura bsica del negativo del presente continuo:

suj

aux

I
You
He
She
It
You
We
They

am
are
is
is
is
are
are
are

verbo
not
not
not
not
not
not
not
not

eating
talking
listening
reading
going
looking
wearing
sitting

something.
to somebody.
to something.
something.
somewhere.
at something.
something.
somewhere.

No estoy comiendo algo.


No estas hablando con alguien.
No est escuchando algo. (l)
No est leyendo algo. (ella)
No va a algn sitio.
No mirais algo.
No llevamos algo puesto.
No estn sentados en algn sitio.

Nota: Contracciones: Se suele contraer "It is" con "it's", "it is not" con "it's
not" o "it isn't", "you are" con "you're", "we are not" con "we're not" o "we
aren't", "that is" con "that's", "that is not" con "that's not" o "that isn't", etc.
(Nota: "I am not" solamente se contrae con "I'm not").
La estructura bsica del interrogativo del presente continuo: (anywhere = alguna
o cualquier parte, anybody = cualquiera, alguien, anything = cualquier cosa, algo)
aux

suj

verbo

Am
Are
Is
Is
Is
Are
Are
Are

I
you
he
she
it
you
we
they

eating
talking
listening
reading
going
looking
wearing
sitting

something?
to somebody?
to something?
something?
somewhere?
at something?
something?
somewhere?

Estoy comiendo algo?


Estas hablando con alguien?
Est escuchando algo? (l)
Est leyendo algo? (ella)
Va a algn sitio?
Mirais algo?
Llevamos algo puesto?
Estn sentados en algn sitio?

Nota: La palabra "some" y "any" a veces significan lo mismo. La principal


diferencia es que "some" se suele utilizar para afirmativas y "any" para
negativas y interrogativas.
Nota: En el presente continuo interrogativo simplemente se intercambia el verbo "to be"
con el sujeto para hacer la pregunta.

La estructura bsica de las respuestas cortas del presente continuo (e iguales a


las del verbo "to be"):
Af.
Yes,
Yes,
Yes,
Yes,
Yes,
Yes,
Yes,
Yes,

Neg.
I am.
you are.
he is.
she is.
it is.
we are.
you are.
they are.

No,
No,
No,
No,
No,
No,
No,
No,

I'm not.
you aren't. (you're not)
he isn't. (he's not)
she isn't. (she's not)
it isn't. (it's not)
we aren't. (we're not)
you aren't. (you're not)
they aren't. (they're not)

Te lo explico en espaol, que pasa igual que en ingls. Primero debes tener en cuenta que
todas las oraciones no pueden pasarse a pasivas. Solo aquellas cuyos verbos son transitivos,
es decir verbos que pueden poseer un objeto directo.
Ejemplo: Juan pinta la pared. El verbo "pintar" es transitivo porque tiene un objeto directo que
es "la pared". Puedes identificar el objeto directo al ver que lo puedes sustituir por los
pronombres tonos (la, lo, las, los), ejemplo: Juan LA pinta. (sin necesidad de repetir "la
pared")
Tambin porque la puedes pasar a pasiva: La pared fue pintada por Juan.

Ahora bien, vamos a tus oraciones. Es as:


1. El profesor hizo las explicaciones.
Objeto directo: las explicaciones (El profesor LAS hizo)
En espaol voz pasiva lo cambiaramos a: Las expliciones fueron hechas por el profesor
En ingls:
The professor did the explanations
The explanations were done by the professor
(Recuerda que las voz pasiva requiere del verbo to be (en el tiempo del verbo de la oracin
original, en este caso, en pasado, ms el participio del verbom, to do = done)

2. El computador tiene muchos accesorios.


Objeto directo: Muchos accesorios (El computador LOS tiene)
En ingls:
The computer has many accessories

Many accessories are had by the computer


(Ahora como tienes el verbo en presente (has), el verbo to be estar en presente ms el
participio del verbo original.)