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Seung Hee Lee


Elisabeth Pristiwi
Civics
October 12, 2015
Indonesia Nation or State
A nation is community or race of people with shared culture, traditions,
history, and language, whether scattered or confined to one country
(businessdictionary.com). On the other hand, nation is the people. The nation is
created by a shared belief that people inside a country are connected to each other. A
state is the means of rule over a defined, or sovereign territory, so state is a body of
government (globalpolicy,org). All the rules and laws, the government officials and
their titles, the physical boundaries and those who define them, and these make up the
state, so basically state makes a county run from a political, practical standpoint. The
nation state is a system of organization on which people with a common identify live
inside country with firm borders and a dingle government (study.com). Nation state
must also have a shared national culture. This is often achieved through common
language, history, holidays, and education.
Indonesia is nation state, because from state side Indonesia has a government
in a territory by itself, ruled under one government, governments make laws and talk
to other sovereign states, and the territory, political, etc. are independent. From nation
side governments make laws and talk to other sovereign states, and the territory,
political, etc. are independent. The important stage if Indonesia became Nation
State formation was in 1928, when the culture and political trend towards
Indonesia unity were formally joined at a Youth Congress held in Batavia. In its

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Youth Pledge the congress adopted three ideals, which was fatherland,
Indonesia one nation, and one language that was Bahasa Indonesia.
According to many of scholars such as Jean-Jacques Rousseau, the most
important function of the general will is to inform the creation of the laws of the
state. Rousseau describes the ideal form of this social contract and also
explained its philosophical underpinnings. To Rousseau, the collective grouping
of all people who by their consent enter into a civil society is called the
sovereign. Rousseau writes this government may take different forms, including
monarchy, aristocracy, and democracy, according to the size characteristics of
the state (sparknotes.com). According to Rousseau the state is in no wise an
immediate product of nature. Unlike society, it does not precede of reason in
men. The liberals say that the first state was created by the free and rational will
of men; the men of the right consider it the work of God. In either case it
dominates society and tends to absorb it completely. (Marxist.org). From this
quote it represents as control nature. From these points from JJ Rousseau gives
the formation of state.
In conclusion, I think Indonesia is considered as nation state, because
Indonesia has a government in a territory by itself, ruled under one government,
governments make laws and talk to other sovereign states, the territory, political, etc.
are independent, governments make laws and talk to other sovereign states, and the
territory, political, etc. are independent. These are the examples to prove Indonesia is
nation state in the points of nation side and state side.

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Bibliography
http://www.focac.org/eng/jlydh/mtsy/t908959.htm
http://www.sparknotes.com/philosophy/rousseau/section2.rhtml
https://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/bakunin/works/various/rousseau.htm
http://dwardmac.pitzer.edu/Anarchist_Archives/bakunin/rousseau.html
http://study.com/academy/lesson/nation-state-definition-examples-characteristics.html
http://www.focac.org/eng/jlydh/mtsy/t908959.htm