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LA REVISTA PARA APRENDER INGLES if \ \ CD Ak | Vy Q 4 | | OT La “a LONDON Pedal Power The Anti-Diva Goldman Sachs | F AN INSIDE STORY EXERCISES Improve Your English EASY ENGLISH // PROFILE BYJOHNRIGS SPEEKUPB¥PLANS BY RACHEL ROBERTS LANGUAGE LEVEL: A2 PRE-INTERMEDIATE QUORA FINDING THE ANSWER cTiene una pregunta? {Una duda? Quora tiene la respuesta Es una web de expertos gratuita y funciona. Solo hay que registrarse. Sus creadores son ex empleados de Facebook. © you have a question that no one can an- swer'? There is a web- site that can help: Quo ra. It is a question and answer website, a Yahoo Answers on steroids*, Users post questions, and experts give detailed answers and retell? anecdotes. All you have to dois register at www.quora.com and you can ask your question. It's feet. It works?. It inspires, THE FACEBOOK EFFECT Quora was founded by two ex-Face- book employees‘: Adam D'Angelo and Charlie Cheever. D'Angelo left ‘Facebook in January 2010 because How Quora works First, you register with the website. itis free and simple, Nextyou create yourhomepage. You choose topics that interest you. Your homepage will now showa mixof random questions and questions from your special interest topics. You can, follow specific experts. You can post your own questions. You can add your own views or edit! other people's answers. ‘And you can vote on the quality of answers. he wanted to create Quota. He said his inspiration came from the reali- sation that, “OQ & A (Question and Answer) was ono of those areas on the internet where there are lows ofsites, but no one had built” any- thing really good yet.” IS THAT TRUE? The intemet today offers two prin- cipal viewpoints* of the world: the ‘objective truth” of sites like Wiki- pedia and the subjective superfici- ality of social networks. Facebook and Twitter focus on humour and speed". Twitter is the fastest grow- ing" phenomenon, butits 140-char- acter limit encourages easy hu- ‘mour. Quora hopes to fill the gap” hetween these two viewpoints. It offers everyone the chance to ask experts questions, and provides” answers that are ~ in theory — hon- est", intelligent and wise™. FOR EXAMPLE... Whatiisa typical example of a ques- tion asked on Quora? One member asks what it is like" to fly” on Air Force One. A fommer" White House aide” gives a detailed explana- tion, Another member asks which country has the most comfortable prison — perhaps a criminal looking fora comfortable home! Another in- formed answer suggests Norway. CALIFORNIA DREAMING Quora is based in Silicon Val- ley and its first members mostly worked in the tech industry: they were experts in starting up™ new: companies, finding finance, and many were specialists in compu- ter engineering™. This is one of the most common criticisms of the website: it is limited in scope”. D’Angelo knows this, He says there Answer /acnsalti/. Honest /mnsi/ = Silent letters. Letras mudas. Por lo Ff general cuando ta 'W va precedida de la's’ se pronuncia/ sw-/,comoen swing Quo Jswig/ (columpio). Pero en dos casos la ‘w’ es muda: answer Irespucstaly sword ‘sod lespadal. En FJ cambio cuando ta ‘w esté al principio de la palabray va seguida deuna'r, siempre es muda: write /ratt! fescribir), wrist st! (muriecal, wrong/ I ron/ lequivocadol. En cuatro palabras, y sus derivadas, [a h’ es muda: honest {honestol, hour /avar! {horal, honotulr fonls}/ honor), heir Jeafry/ theredero}. (Quora espera llenar elvacfo.) Gapes una polabra familiar para cualquiera ‘que haya estado en Londres por el curioso anuncio del metro [que hoy isnohuny®. It is more important to. maintain the quality of the ques- tions and their answers. This is, in fact, another serious problem, as aparece hasta enlas camisetas): Mind ! the gap, ‘cuidado ! con el hueco (entre elandén y la vial Agapes ‘un hueco’, uunespacio'yesta palabra aparece en muchos contextos ff en inglés. Muchos : estudiantes se toman a gap year (un afo sabstico entre elinstitutoy | (a universidad para adquirir experiencial Yiseyo esta the credibility gap, et espacio que divide loque una persona dice [a menudo un Politico} y la verdad. | the number of users grows rapidly. In secent months, Quora’s mem- ership has increased to overhalfa million users, nea ‘Tansy ver Speak Up Explains ZONSTEROIDS:2 toda potencia 3 TORETELL-WoWvera contar “GREE: gratis 'STOWORK:funcionar EMPLOYEE: erleado ‘TTOBULD, construie VIEWPOINT: punto de vista 9 TRUTH: verdes 1OSPEED: vlocided {FASTEST GROWING. de crecimiento répi6o Y2TO FIL THE GaP: cudeirel eco Iver Speak Up Explains) 13 TO PROVIDE: proporcionar {GHONESTz ver Speak Up Explains aswise:acertado lit. sabe) AGWHATITISLIKE: cdma es a7 TOFLY: lar ‘WwroRmER ex. annguo A9aIDE:asictente 20 TOSTART UP. montar 21 COMPUTERENGINEERING: ingerier'a informatica 225c0PE:alcance 23MURRY prisa 24 T0PIC: tema 2S TOEDIT. modifcor EASY ENGLISH // TRAVEL © ON CD1 LBYJORNRIGG SPEAKER JUSTIN RATCLIFFE STAN DARO BRUSH 2CCENT SPEAKUP XPLANSSY RACHEL ROBERTS LANGUAGELEVEL: A2 PRE-INTERMEDIATE TRAFALGAR Sede de grandes manifestaciones, Trafalgar Square recuerda la victoria naval britanica en Trafalgar yes uno de los lugares mas visitados del centro de Londres. rafalgar Square" is Lon- don’s most famous pub- lic space. It is in honour of a famous victory: Ad- miral Lord Nelson's de feat?ofthe French fleet? at Trafalgar in 1805. Nelson’sstatue stands ona plinth*in the centre of the square. LOCATION ‘Trafalgar Square is located in the centre of London, It is bordered by the National Gallery to the north, the church, St Martin-in-the-Fields, to the east, the government offices cof Whitehall to the south, and to the ‘west there is The Mall, which leads* to Buckingham Palace PARTY TIME Every year Trafalgar Square is the scene of wild* celebrations on New Year's Eve’. People love to jump into the square's two fountains, in spite of" the cold and the disapprov- al of the local police. However, the New Year's celebrations are now focused on the London Eye fire- works display’ across the Thames”, St Patrick's Day and St George's Day are also important occasions. Social protest has often exploded into violence in Trafalgar Squate. It has been the scene of riots"'since its very first days. In 1848, when the ‘square was still under construction, there was a protest against the in- troduction of income tax". This led to three days of rioting and looting” THE POLICE In 1926 there was a General Strike in Britain, Trafalgar Square was a 1 SQUARE: plaza 2OEFEAT, derrota FLEET: lola PLINTH. podestal STOLEAD:condutir,levar ‘SwiLd:desentrenado ‘NEW VEARSEVE; Nochevieja ‘mare OF: 0 pasar de ver Speah Up Exsais) {FIREWORKS DISPLAY: especticulode tuegoserlfciates DACROSS THE THAMES: enlactra rll del Tamesis MRIOT:dsturbio HaIMCOME TAK: impUestosobrela rents 13LooTING:plisje Satbonin The Empty Plinth The ‘Fourth Plinth’ inthe north-west corner ofthe square hasino permanent statue. In 1998, the Royal Society for the encouragement of Arts, Manufactures and Commerce {RSA} began a series of temporary exhibitions on the plinth. They have commissioned works from ‘contemporary sculptors such as Mare Quinn (2005], Thomas Schiitte (20071, Antony Gormley de, no obstantel ‘Ala gente le encanta meterse en las dos fuentes de la plaza apesardelirio. imo puede ser despite: She got ‘married despite her ‘mother's disapproval. (ecasé pese aque People love to jump into the square's two fountains, inspite of the cold ~ In spite of. Conjuncién la pesar Unsin popular place for protesters and that year the police opened “the world’s smallest police station” in the square, It was inside an old monument and it had a direct tel- ephone line to Scotland Yard, the police force's London headquar- ters. Today it is used as a broom cupboard for Westminster Coun- cil cleaners! The lantern on its top is possibly from Admiral Nelson's flagship”, HMS Victory. VIOLENT PROTEST Riots have occurred in Trafalgar Square again and again over the years. The most recent events oc- curred last year when protests against government cuts in edu- cation became violent. Restau- rants closed, shop windows" were smashed" and the police failed to control the situation. However, Trafalgar Square is usually a peaceful tourist attrac- tion. There are often free concerts. (2009) and Yinka Shonibare (2010). Today the Mayor of London and the Fourth Plinth Commission continue the tradition. This year's cculptureis of a boy on a rocking horse* Its creators, Elmgreen ‘and Dragset, explain, We wanted toccreate a public sculpture which honours the everyday battles of growing up.” For more information see: vawlondon.gov.uk/ourthplinthy sumadre estuviera en contra Tanto in spite ‘ofcomo despitevan seguidos de geruncio: Despite/in spite of ‘going to bed early, Leanne wakes up ate. IApeser de irala cama temprano, Leanne se espierta tarde}. EXERCISES meRNnssungs 1 insert the correct word to complete the Sentence. flagship wild leads rots honour looting headquarters protesters al ine rmetinthe public square to demand reforms. b1Some were shops inthe area, stealing eventing inside, cl They said broke out after a young boy was shot by the police The was decorated with seven red banners. €)St George's Day s celebrated with some partes. fiCompany. Aberdeen, Scoiland. glAstatve stands Trafalgar Square to ‘Admiral Lord Nelson, Fie Mallis a wide green walkway that {to Buckingham Palace is located in 2. Decide whether the following sentences are true or false. a} Trafalgar Square honours a famous victory. ITRUE/FALSE] bts home to London's shopping district ITRUE/FALSE] The lacal police encourage people to jumpin the fountains. _{TRUE/FALSE] Scotland Yaris the police force's London headquarters. (TRUEJEALSEI el Last year, there were rits in Trafalgar Square and things were destroyed, (TRUE/FALSE} {Ilt is a New Years tradition to go on the Londen Eye. (TRUE/FALSE] i] Adiinal Lord Nelsu's statue stands on the far et cide of the square. ITRUE/FALSE) hl There isa great reworks display across the Thames everyyear, ITRUE/FALSE) Answers 1 alprotesers, losing, clits, agship, vid, headquarters, «Jhanour,Htesds 2al True, bl False Fase, True, el True, {iFalse, gl Fase, hTrve one xeneses ono Ps si sae Sue ‘ss 8no0M CUPBOARD: armario de los articulos de limpiezs ABCLEANER:limpiador ATFLAGSHIP: buqueinsignia sBSHOP WINDOW: escaparcte ABTOSMASH: destrozar 20ROCKING HORSE: caballo balancin 2vToGROW UP: racer LANGUAGE LEVEL: A2 PRI (TERMEDIATE EASY ENGLISH // WHERE ARE THEY NOW? 0J SIMPSON SPORT'S BAD GUY Ex jugador de futbol americano, actor y presentador de TV, OJ Simpson fue acusado del asesinato de su ex mujer. Hoy cumple condena oday OJ Simpson resides atthe Lovelock Comtection- al Center, a prison in north- em Nevada. It is very dif- ferent from his $5 million home in Brentwood, Los Angeles ASTAR O.J. Simpson was born in San Fran- cisco on July 9th, 1947. His real name is Orenthal James Simpson, buteveryone calls him "OJ". enuna carcel de Nevada. He also has a nickname" "the Juice®. This is because in the Unit- ed States, “OJ! is an abbrevation for “Orange Juice”. OJ was a football star at high school and at USC, the University of Sothern California He began his professional career in 1969, the year of Woodstock and the moon landing. He played for the Buffalo Bills and later for the San Francisco 49ers. He retired in 1979, but he became a sports BY MARK WORDEN commentator, He also appeared in movies like Towering Inferno and the Naked Gun series. DRAMATIC But everything changed on July 12th, 1994, That night somebody brutally murdered his ex-wife, Nicole Simpson, and her boyfriend, Ron Goldman. The Los Angeles Po- lice Department (LAPD) believed that OJ did it, They tried to arrest him, and most of the American population watched the car chase? live on televison. The Simpeon trial* took place in 1996. OJ had a brilliant lawyer’, Johnnie Cochran, and —in- credibly — the jury said he was not guilty, But in 1997 there was a civil trial for ‘wrongful death”. This time the judge said Simpson was guilty and ordered him to pay $33 million tothe Goldman family. IN VEGAS ‘Simpson had more problems in 2007 when police arrested him in Las Ve- gas. He had a gun and tried to take some sports memorabilia® from another man. Simpson said the memora- bilia belonged to ‘him. In the trial the judge sen tenced him to 33, years in prison EE {INICKNAME: pod 24UIcEjugo ‘SCAR CHASE: porsecucién en coche ‘TRIAL: juico SLAWYER:aoogad0 SNOT GUILTY: ro culpable ‘TWRONGFUL DEATH: icin culposa MEMORABILIA tos pertenecientes ‘aun persone famoso, EASY ENGLISH // THIS MONTH By JOHN ‘SPEAK UP EXPLAINS BY RACHEL ROBERTS LANGUAGE LEVEL: A2 PRE-INTERMEDIATE ROALD ROALD DAHL'S DI arvellous Mann eat DAHL D AN EXTRAORDINARY MAN {Qué joven lector no conoce a Matilda, James o Charly, los personajes de los cuentos de Roald Dahl? En septiembre, el dfa de su aniversario, los nifios recuerdan a este gran escritor. oald Dahl is one of the most famous children’s ‘writers! in the world. He died in 1990, but chil- dren still love his many books, such as Charlio and the Chocolate Factory’, Tho Twitst and ‘Matilda. Every year children cel- ebrate his life and stories on Roald Dahl Day, September 13th ~ the writer's birthday. Roald Dahl Day was originally organised by his widows, Felicity Dahl, in 2006, She wanted to celebrate Dahl's 90th prperee, a Roald Dahl Party ‘Anyone can organise an exciting party. The Roald Dahl website offers free materials for schools and parents. Italso gives details of the Roald Dahl Relay. Visit the ‘website: www. roalddahictay. infoand download activities, posters and games. birthday. She remembers, “Roald loved birthdays and treats‘. Now children celebrate his birthday eve- ry year. Lam sure he is very happy.” BIZARRE Why do children love Dahl's books 0 much? They love his bizarre sense of humour. For example, James and the Giant Peach begins at London Zoo. A rhinoceros eats James's parents? James goes to live with two horrible aunts*, Sponge and Spiker. He is miserable’, but he escapeson.a giant peach"*. The sto- ry recounts James's extraordinary journey"on the peach, DRESSING UP How do children celebrate Dahl's life? There's the Dahl Reading Re- Jay", the Dahl Funny Book Prize, and special parties in schools and book- shops. This year is also the 20th anni- versary of The BFG- the Big Friendly Giant! On September 28th Roald Dahl's Marvellous Children's Charity isorganising the Dahlicious Dress Up Day. Children will dress up" as Dahl characters", such as Willy Wonka or Giant Peaches. The event will raiso"* money for sick children. Quentin Blake, The Artist Roald Daht's books were illustrated by the artist Quentin Blake. Blake gave Daht's characters their unique charm. Fans can watch a video in which Blake describes his work with Dahl on his website. There is also.a list of upcoming events vwnw.quentinblakevirtualylive.co.uk pero BY ACCIDENT Dahl had an unusual life. He was bom in 1916 in Llandaff, Wales. His parents were Norwegian. During the Second World War, he was an RAP" fighter pilot. After a terrible crash, he became an MI6" agent. Next Dahl became a writer. It was accidental. The author CS Forester asked about his time in the RAF. Dahl wrote about his war experi- ences. Forester sent this story to The Saturday Evening Post. The Post published it and paid Dahl $1,000 MR PRESIDENT Dahl began writing stories for his ‘own children. He was even invited to the White House, President Roo- sevelt’s children loved his books. Roald Dahl JAMES and the Grant Peach Wi eiur araianby Quin Dike Dahl also wrote for adults. His col- lection Tales ofthe Unexpected be- sequierevenderun _acciénprogramada came a successful television series. dulcesedirjanalas que tendr lugar { mujeresqueestén _enel futuro lon i adietay diganGo September 28th, San (on, treatyourself, _eltiempo verbal | Treats-Noesfécil Vamos, dateun’ que debemos | ‘CHILDREN'S WRITER: definir la palabra gustol] precisamente _emplear es el i fern erator infant treat. Signfica algo porquelapalabra—_presentcontinuous ff Sracronvstabrica apetecible, una treat{que también lis organising). De drum imbéct Pequefiarecompensa se empleacomo hecho esta férmula widow uss [undulce, un helado, verbo) evoca la se emplea a menudo TREAT: regalo ver Speak Up Explains) bombones| para infanciaeincitaaun cuando tenemos ‘PARENTS: padres unnifioqueseha —pecadillodegula. —_pendiente una cita Prec fete portado bien. Pero ‘oun evento. Por aaruacilicenie también puedeser On September ejemplo: I'm going {HJOURNEY ve FJ unjuguete, una 28th the chari toa concert next TZREADINGRELAYoctura porturnos FJ visitaatzoolégicoo —isorganisingine ——Fridayltengo ya tos saTooRESSuP FJ algodivertidopara —Dahlicious Dress _billetes], ’m seeing distrazarso (vor Speak Up Explains) hacerenfamilia.No UpDay-Hayque _the dentist at 10 CHARACTER porsonje escasualidad pues, recordar que o'clock next Monday Scere que los anuncios en inglés si nos (yalo he apuntado T7RAFIROYALAIRFORCEL G publicitariosdonde —_referimos a una en miagendal. Fuerza Aéree Britinica TOMI: servicio seereto brits ‘SPECIAL // ©ON CO2 [BY CRIS CAVEY SPEAVER RACHEL ROBERTS STANDARD BRITISH ACCENT ‘SPEAKUPOXPLAINSBY RACHEL ROBERTS LANGUAGE LEVEL: A2 PRE-INTERMEDIATE BRITISH OPEN DAY BRITISH HERITAGE Del éal9 de septiembre, Gran histérico cultural al gran publi Bretafia abre su patrimonio ico. Los lugares de interés avisitar son realmente muchos. Les sugerimos algunos. here's more to tourism in Britain than you might think, When you think of tourist sites in Britain, what do you think of? Big Ben and the Tower of London? Loch Ness? Shakespeare's birthplace? at Stratford-upon-Avon? ‘There are many famous tourist attractions in the UK and they at- tract millions of visitors each year. But, along with’ the famous names, there are thousands‘ of oth- er interesting places that are only acompafiado de su perra Gromit, mucho ] mas inteligente que open to the public for a few days each year. Heritage® Open Days take place each September and the public can visit places that would normally be out of hounds'. Among the thousands of historic sites, there are castles and factories”, towm halls" and churches. Here we lookat some of the places that most tourists might not know about: ROMAN BATHS ~ CHESTER ‘These Roman baths? are almost 2,000 years old and provide a fasci- Algunosde estos prefijos van delante de un sustantivo o un mone su duefo, adjetivo mientras que otrossélopuedenir ff Wallace and Gromit- Grammar poi conunverbo. Un-se WallaceyGromit son Prefijosnegativos. __emplea con adjetivos los protagonistasde Un prefijo se y sustantivos para | cortometrajes y de unlargometraje briténico. Los dos personajes estan hhechos con plastitina Wallace es un inventor distraido y extravagante pero simpatico que vive en.un pueblecito j inglés. Le encanta el J quesoy siempre esta FJ unaseriede cuatro | conjunto de significa ‘no nile sy compone de un que colocado delante de una palabra altera su significado, Un prefijo negative "0 verdadera regla bien to opuesto/to contrario de". Los prefijos negativos ‘mas comunes en inglés son un-, im: formar otro adjetivo otro sustantivo. Por convencién se dice que va im+p-, ined, ile, disra- peronoexisteuna letras de oro para el uso | de estos prefijo: | porlotantonohay mas remedio que memorizar las | dis. palabras. COUNCIL nating insight" into the city’s his- tory, but they aren't often open to visitors because they are under a clothes shop and a shop that sells, baked potatoes! In Open Days ‘week, visitors can go downstairs to the cellar" of the shop and find a lit- te piece of history TENNIS CLUB - BIRMINGHAM Edgbaston Tennis Club opened in 1860 and is the oldest tennis club in the world, Visitors can see the club’s collection of tennis clothes eae. ARCHERY ie N TENNIS SOCIET fui col aN iy and equipment and learn about the game's rich history. AARDMAN ANIMATIONS - BRISTOL ‘The studios that produced the fa- mous Wallace and Gromit® ani- mated films open their doors to the public to let people find out more about how the films are made. PADDOCK WOOD - KENT A family house, where some of the rooms are unchanged" since the 1920s. The home's owner, Sarah Hamilton, is happy to open her doors to the public, saying: "I'm passionate about history and Tlove talking to people,” ‘These are just a few of the thou- sands of places to visit each year. Ifyou'te visiting Britain in Sap tember, look out for'* Open Days! Heritage Open Days 2012 will be from 6th to 9th September. Formore information visit: www heritageopendays. Ai Fade Erne Ries tenes 1. choose the best option. 2a} Heritage Open Days take place every Luly/September| 1 Things that are normally [out of bounds/ being renovated open forthe public «You can ee things such a [churches! amusement parks} ard town halls. 4} The Roman baths in Chester are about {nine hundred/two thousand! years old. «) Edgbaston Tennis Club isthe oldest in (the wortd/Britain. {I Aardman Animations in Bristol created (Chicken Litle/Wallace & Gromit, 4} Paddock House has rooms which remain (unchangedshaunted) since the 1920s, 2. choose the word from the list that best fits the gop. ‘owner equipment along heritage Insight birthplace took al Thelast of ourhouse painted the walls pink. I Many British sitesare niu places to sightsee, el Shakespeare's the most famaus homes in England A Te doctor gina iva mo much into the cause ofthe ilness. Aigotacrd ith some Rowers formy birtnday {Edgbaston Tennis Cub has antique tems 3} You sould outfor rabbits _2syou drive through the countryside. isoneof Answers 1. al September, b) out of bounds, c] churches, 4 two thousand, e) the wort, {Wallace & Gromit, unchanged 2. aj owner, b} heritage, ¢) birthplace, dl insight, «along equipment, foo. Nore Senosescnco EES | THERE'S MORE... THAN YOU MIGHTTHINK: mucho més Ge lo que puedes imaginar BIRTHPLACE: pucbio natal ALONGWITH, junto con {STHOUSANDS: miles SHERITAGE: potrimonio SOUTOF BOUNDS: naccesible 7FacTORY:abrica BTOWIN HALL: ayuntamiento BATH: boiio 10TOPROVIDE INSIGHT: permitr comprender mejor TYCELLAR: bodega 2WALLACEAND GROMIT: er Speak Up 5 UNCHANGED: igual, sin carnbios ver Speak Up Explains] 6OWNER: propictario 1STOLOOKOUT FOR: estar atento INTERVIEW // © ON CD3 BY MARCELANDERS SPEAKER CHUCK ROLANDO STANDARO ANERICAN ACCENT ‘SPEAM UP EXPLAINS BY RACHEL ROBERTS LANGUAGE LEVEL: C1 ADVANCED BROKEN LITTLE HEARTS THE WORLD OF NORAH JONES El éxito le llegd con Come Away With Me, de ello hace diez afios. Hoy Norah Jones, compositora, cantante, pianista y actriz, triunfa con Broken Little Hearts, un album que surge a raiz de un desengano amoroso. orah Jones made her re- cording debut 10 years ago with the album, Come Away With Me, on the jazz label Blue Note. The album was not consid- ered very commercial, but it has since sold 23 million copies. This isa huge amount, but Jones mod- estly says that she was lucky that hor career started at a time “when people still bought record: has been less successful. About a year ago she and her boyfriend broke up? and this inspired her to write a series of songs. The re- sult is her fifth studio album, Bro- ken Little Hearts. As she explains, she worked on the album with her friend Brian Burton, who is better known as "Danger Mouse": Norah Jones (Standard Ameri- can accent: I definitely’ went Sho has also appeared in a cou- plo of movies, but her private life through‘ a breakup* about a year ago. I guess it was still fresh! So Norah’s Album Cover The cover’ of Little Broken Hearts features Norah Jones in a sexy pose. She says twas inspired by the poster of Russ Meyer's cult 1965 movie Mudhoney: Norah Jones: There wes a poster ofthe ‘movie inthe control room where Isat every day. Brian Barton had other Russ Meyer posters in his studio, but this one was very interesting, Itwas very sexy, but at the same time itwas mysterious. | thought the graphic image was beautiful andit stared at me every day, while lwas making this record, So, | felt itmade sense™to copy it for the cover! that definitely influenced a lot of the record, but Brian and I be- came very good friends in writing all these songs, we were talking a lot, just talk, talk, talk, talk, tall- ing, and got very close, talked about relationships and sort of the ins and outs‘ of the human rele- tionship. And these are the songs ‘we wrote from it. AYOUNGER WOMAN Norah Jones is now 33, while one of the album's songs has the title ‘She's 22, Had she ever been left for a younger woman? Norah Jones: No! No, but you don't have to be dumped for some- body much younger. Just if you see someone you love with some- one else there's a feeling there. It doesn't matter who they are, even if they didn’t dump you, you know, it’s still a little bit of a sting’, you know. It doesn’t really matter who itis or whet the circumstances are. ‘HUGE AMOUNT: cantidad enarme 2TOBREAKUP: separarse DEFINITELY: Inaudabiemente ‘£TOGOTHROUGH: pasar 90° [SBREAKUPs rupture {INS AND OUTS: entresjoc ‘TRoDUMP. azandonar, dejar {wor Speak Us Explains! ‘BSTING: herds [it picadal COVER: poriade AD TOMARE SENSE: toner sentido AN AUDIENCE WITH NORAH Does she find that there's a differ- ence between audiences in differ- ent countries? Norah Jones: There's little differ- ences here and there, but feel like the difference is usually in the ven- ue" Ifyou have a crowd" standing up” ina tent, it's the same any- where. If you have a crowd sitting down in a theatre, it's quiet, just like anywhere, you know. Ifit's a club, they're more rowdy". If it's a theatre that serves alcohol, yeah! GRACE Norah Jones is an eclectic artist with a broad range of influences, but she admits that she was a big elfinal de una relacién romantica: mygirifriend dumped melmi novia me dejé). También se puede decir: my girlfriend leftrme.Elverbo to dumpseemplea también en el sentido econémico: The banks tried to dump their toxic assets los, bancas intentaron deshacerse de sus activos toxicosl; the Chinese tended to Youdon'thave tobe dumped for someone younger ~ (No tienen que dejarte por una persona ‘mas joven]. Elverbo regular to dump significa literal mente descargar’, verter’, peroseempleaa menudo paraindicar fan of Jeff Buckley. He died 15 years ago, when she was still in high school: Norah Jones: I listened to him for about a year before he died. I re- member that was a really big album for me, the Grace album, And I te- member when he died, just crying and thinking: "Oh no!", you know. Iwas so sad. Yeah, sometimes I for- get whata big fan I was, you know. ‘He's known now all over the word, after his death, you know. It's very strange, but his music was so beau- tiful and, you know, he could sing a Leonard Cohen song and a Nina Simone song and a Judy Garland song, and also write these songs, and it was just very sad to lose him. dump cheap products in Europe llos chinos tendiana descargar los productos baratos en Europal. Dumpes también un sustantivo y significa descarga’ pero se utiliza también para indicar un sitio de mata muerte, tuna cochambre, un tugurio: This town is areal dumpllEsta ciudad es unsitiode mala muerte). EXERCISES stening Questions 1. choose the best ending foreach. 3a] Norah Jones has been successful in {her recent ave fe 2. her music and fm career. 3. ber talk show 8) She worked onthe album with an} 1-eend others. 2. old boyfriend of hers. ‘old classmate of hers. cj Jones s2ys ifyou break up 1. you will always suter. 2 itwl hurt te see your ex. 3. you don’t have to suter «d) She belioves the rovetist place to play is ‘a theatre, 2.a concert hall, 3a cub, } One af Norah's influences is 1. Nine Simone, 2 Jeff Bucklo. 3 Leonard Cohen. 2.. write the correct wordinthe gap ‘provided, Te Fst letter ofthe word and 2 definition are givenin parentheses to help you. 2} The ins and outs ofl {romantic couplings] are notoriously complicated. b) Blue Note is Nerah Jones's esteerned ize, {record company). cl She released verous (songs), al onthe theme of ost ove 4} One songis about being left fora younger woman. ‘} Norah has. [ (wide range of influences. £1 Different music places of performance] mean diferent experiences, 4] Jf Buckiey was know to be an (el__Idverse, experimental musicartist bl Jonas has sold a huge ll [quantity f records, Answers 1.al2,b11,c) 1.d)3.e)2 2a relationships, label, singles, 4 dumped, cl broa, venues, ol ectectic hlamount Nowe sxERCSESONCO EI ‘AW VENUE: local deactuacién s2cRoWD: multitud AaSTANDINGUP: do pie seTENTcarpa ROWDY: bullicioso Online Support VITAL RESEARCH has led to the development of smart software that can help victims of cyberbullying’, New Sct entist reports, An open-source database called ConceptNet, developed by a team working at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, can identify the most subtle of abusive com- ‘ments in order to detect pattems? of bullying behaviour. The prevalence? of the problem among teenagers using social network sites has been highlighted* recently by tragic cases, such as that of New Yorker Amanda Cumming (18). Aztec Superfood CHIASEEDS* are the next craze of health-conscious consumers in the States. Once worshipped’ by the ‘Aztecs as food of the gods, the seeds, belonging tothe Salvia hispanica plant {a member ‘of the mint” family} are richin ‘omega-3 fatty acids, proteins and essential minerals, They canbe eaten raw, ground" ‘or mixed indrinks, and have NEWS // STYLE WATCH LANGUAGE LEVEL 1 INTERMEDIATE By JULIAN EARWAKER & ALEX PHILLIPS Notes = Jeane == AnewiPad app aimed at 5-13 year TE a atiows them = toselect elements from famous paintings and mash” them together, creating ‘an entirely new image. PlayART app by Tapook encourages kids to chop"* up, resize and rotate™ bits of classical artworks from Van Gogh, Cézanne and Monet. Cyclists can now make themselves heard above any ~~ traffic noise with the world’s loudest bell:the Hornster. Reputedly* louder than ajetaircraft, the ‘bell’ attached to a strange-looking bicycle, aims. to highlight the dangers of city cycling and the increasing number of accidents every year. AMark of Beauty The timeless glamour of the beauty spot” was revived on Parisian catwalks with individual black Swarovski crystals stuck onto models’ faces! Associated with 20th century beauty queens, such as Marilyn Monroe, fake beauty spots became extremely popular backin the 18th century evaERBULLYING: MINT manta acosoennternat ——1ORAWscrudo PATTERN: pouta 41 6ROUND: olde ‘PREVALENCE. $2 TOTAKEBYSTORM: ‘A TomGHUGHT Gxitoclamoroso ponereereliove {AOTOMASH: mezclar SseED: semilla wTOCHOP, cortar ScRAZE:mada, mania 1STOROTATE:grar ‘TTOWORSHIP: venerar 16 REPUTEDLY. secin eToBeLoNoTo. sedice, secre necera {7 BEAUTY SPOT: luna CINEMA VALEXPHILLIPS [LANGUAGE LEVEL: 82 UPPER INTERMEDIATE GARY OLDMAN BRILLIANT VILLAIN Actor, director, guionista, musico y productor britanico. Gary Oldman, el malo de las peliculas, goza de un talento solo comparable al de un Robert de Niro o una Meryl Streep. Su perfeccionismo le ha valido excelentes criticas. ritish actor Gary Old- man has made his name playing baddies', including Lee Har- vey Oswald in Oliver Stone's blockbuster JFK (1991). Yet this extraordinarily talented actor is the cited inspiration behind some the most famous cinema heroes of ourtimes, including Brad Pitt, Ryan. Gosling and Johnny Depp. DETERMINATION Gary Oldman was bom in London in 1958. Intent on* becoming an actor, he worked his way through his train- Cold War Espionage ing. Making a debut in theatre in the early 1980s, he became immensely popular with audiences for the inten- sity of his performances. This led to ‘TV and film work, and in 1983 he was cast as a skinhead? in Mike Leigh's social drama Meantime. (Oldman was praised for his “en- ergetic charisma" on screen (Total Film) and that same year won two major British theatre awards, too: the ‘Time Out Fringe Award for Best New- comer‘, and the British Theatre Asso- ciation’s Drama magazine award for Best Actor, which he shared with his lifelong friend Anthony Hopkins Hailed” as a ‘masterpiece’ by the critics, the multiple award-winning Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy (2011)is Swedish director Tomas Alfredson's film adaptation of John te Carré’s 19708 bestseller. Set in the Cold War, George Smiley is a middle-aged intelligence officer brought out of retirement to ‘ hunt a ‘mole’ in the British intelligence il pa service, whois leaking secrets to the Soviets. Colin Firth, John Hurt and Toby Jones also star. ita ‘Two career-defining roles fol- lowed. In 1986, Oldman starred as rock icon Sid Vicious in Sid And ‘Nancy, and the following year, as Joe Orton in Prick Up Your Ears. Both be- came cult classics and his perform- ances attracted the attention of influ. ential US film critic Roger Ebert, who called him “the best young British ac- toraround”. HOLLYWOOD'S BAD GUY Such praise led to* interest from Hol- lywood, and in 1990 Gary Oldman crossed the Atlantic to star along- side Sean Penn and Robin Wright in gangster movie State of Grace. Old- man'ssubsequent leas Lee Harvey (Oswald paved the way for other bad (guys. These included Count Drecula in Francis Ford Coppola's romance- hhortor Dracula (1992), a violent pimp? in Quentin Tarantino's True Ro- ‘mance (1993) and a sinister corpo- rate tyrantin Luc Besson's The Fifth Blement(1997) By now Oldman was, according to MTV's ‘Celebrity Deathmatch’ at Jeast, rivalling Christopher Walken as the greatest portrayer* of movie villians! In 2000, he even tackled? the role of an unscrupulous Repub- lican opposite Jeff Bridges in The Contender. Furthermore, in 2001, he made @ hilarious" quest appearance on hit TV show Friendsas an actor ‘who took himself far too seriously" LOW POINT Yet, it seems, even critically-ac- claimed actors make mistakes. Inthe early 2000s Oldman appeared in Tip- toesand Sin, both major flops®. This ed to some confusion among critics, who wondered why Oldman was taking on “barrel-scraping" roles” (The Guardian). As it came to light, Oldman was suffering from alcohol- ism, an illness which led tohnis check- ing himself into™ a recovery clinic in Pennyslyvania. Happily, Oldnan overcame these problems, and soon found his footing again” career-wise. WORLD CLASS. In 2004, Oldman was cast as Sitius Blackin the magical Hany Potter film series. Later, Christopher Nolan re~ cruited him for the role of Commis- sioner James Gordon in his dark and brilliant Batman trilogy (2008, 2008, 2012). Similarly ambitious movies followed, including horror The Un- 2m (2009), post-apocalyptic Th Book of Bli(2010), and the very recent mobster movie Lawless (2012) - roles ‘which established Oldman as one of the most versatile and commercially suocessful actors in the world. 4 pADDIE. malo BINTENTON: deciddo SKINHEAD: cabezs rapada { BEST NEWCOMER: mej actor nove S TOLEAD TO: despertar 6 TOPAVETHEWAY: prepararelterreno 7 PIMP: proxensta ° PORTRAYER: retraticts 9 TOTACKLE: abordar 10 UNSCRUPULOUS, sin eserip 11 HILARIOUS: divertiisima 12 TOTAKE ONESELF TOO SERIOUSLY: 2 demasiada importancia, 49 FLOP. tracaso 14 TOSCRAPE THE BARREL: no quedarle uno més recursos 48 ToCHECK INTO, ingresar 14 FOUNDISFOOTING AGAW: valiiba encontrar elequilbrio 17 TOHAIL:aclamar 18 TOLEAK: ilrar LANGUAGE LEVEL: THE RV LIFESTYLE IN NORTH AMERICA ON THE ROAD AGAIN ven sobre ruedas yse desplazan continuamente. “Aman la libertad, los espacios abiertos. Su casa es una caravana; su hogar, el mundo. Mel Brown nos explica el porqué de esta vida sin raices. n average’ Americans move to a new home 11.7 times in a lifetime? Today, living on the move on a permanent or semi-permanent hasis 1s a choice for a special subculture af Ameri- cans, They live in recreational vehi- cles*, or "RVs". An RV can be a mo- torhomet, or a travel-trailer* pulled bya truck’ ora car. Many people use them for vaca~ tions, but approximately 250,000 people are RV full-timers and have no other home. If they move north in summer and south in winter, they are also called “snowbirds", a name for a person who changes place of residence with the seasons. BIG VEHICLES, BIG BUSINESS People live fulltime in RVs for differ- ont reasons. Buying one, especially ‘fused, can be much cheaper than buying a house, as there aze no prop- erty taxes". Cell phones’, wireless LAN and other types of technology make it easier to live and work in an RV. Travelling salespeople" live in them, Others use them to follow sea- sonal jobs. Some people live in them. for health reasons: they move to avoid seasonal allergies or illnesses that come with cold weather. THE GOOD LIFE ‘Most RV full-timers choose the RV experience as an alternative life- style, Many are pensioners and they TON AVERAGE: de media 2UIFETIME: vido 2 RECREATIONAL VEHICLE: caravona ‘MOTORHOME: autecaravans [TRAVEL-TRAILER: caravana de remolque STOPULL. rar TrRUEK:camién {8 PROPERTY TAXES: impuesta sobre el patrimonio {CELL PHONE: teléfono marl ADTRAVELLING SALESPEOPLE: visjantes sightsee", do temporary jobs for ex- tra cash", and visit family members across the country. ‘Many vehicles, especially Type A motor homes, look like buses. They can be up to 18 metres long and can cost between $76,000 (€60,100) and $1,350,000 (€ 1.067447) when new. ‘They have flatscteen” TVs, compul- ers, dishwashers, rafrigeratnrs and washing machines. Some have a garage for an extra car, motorcycles, orbicycles. In winter, many “snow- birds” travel to exclusive RV resorts in Florida or other southern states, where they can enjoy swimming pools, tennis courts and golf courses, social events and entertainment. SEE YOU IN ARIZONA! An RV lifestyle can cost either little or lots of money. Expenses include fuel", insurance, and campground” or RV park foes”, Most RV parks cost between $15 (€12) and $50 (€39.5) per night. Maintenance and repair costs can be high. And RVs lose value with time. American RVers go to rallies" where everyone talks about how to manage a nomadic lifestyle. The twavellers share a feeling of commu- nity. They compare their vehicles, recommend good campgrounds, and laugh over horror stories about locked toilets, ant” infestations and RV park neighbours from hell*. They exchange email addresses and cell phone numbers, then drive away. “See you in Arizona next January? Kentucky in June?" They may meet, again, and tell new stories of their RV adventures. 11 TOSIGHTSEE vsitarlugares deinierés turistico Y2cASH: dinero ‘OFLATSCREEN: pantalla plane A4DISHWASHER:lavaplatos, ABFUEL:carburante 36 CAMPGROUND: campamento 17 PARKFEE: tarilaporestanci, preciode acampada ABRALLY:concentracién awantsharmige 2ONEIGHBOURFROM HELL: vecino conflict lit del infiernol 21 ¥PSt: gitano 22 CAMPSITE HOST: encargado de un caring 2AAMAZED: sorprendido 249,004 FEET HIGH: 270 metros delio 25 BEAR: 0:0 26 TOTEARUP. romper, destrozar 27 BAG OF TRASH: bolsa de basura 28 DAY-2Y-DAYBASIS:habitusimente 29 TOCOMEUPTO, acercarse > 20 THREE-POUND: Un kioy medio UTROUT. euch 232 TOSTAY PUT: quedarse, permanecer LANGUAGELEVEL: €1 ADVANCED Back to Nature European society doesn’t seem tolike aypsies" or travellers, bbutin the vast open spaces of the United States living ‘on the road’ isa respectable lifestyle choice, Mel Brown, 2 73-year-old ‘widower, isone ofa quarter of a million Americans who lives and travelsin an RV, or Recreational Vehicle. He began eight years ago ‘when he retired and boughta 1982 Airstream trailer. We met him at the Lake Mary Campground in the Inyo National Forest in California, where he spends the summer months working as campsite host, before moving to Florida for the winter. We asked him whether there was stila spirit ‘of adventure on the road in the age of the internet: Mel Brown (Standard American accent]: Oh, Ithink so, particularly because | have so many friends that are not doing this and are, you know, living in Houston, living in Southern California, and they're kind of amazed at where lam, what | see, the enjoyment that | get from being at 9,004 feet high in the Inyo National Forest in California, Living in nature: there was. bear" in my gol cart lastnight! [He] got inthere and tore up" some bags of rash that 'd taken out of the bathroom that Ihad to clean up this morning. How many people getto see a bear ora bear family ona day-by-day basis? Orhasa camper come up to” you witha three-pound® Alpers Trout" and said, “T've got two or three of these, would you like to have one?” Soit's really avery enjoyable thing, ALIFEAS ANOMAD Butisthere anything that he misses about living permanently ina house? Mel Brown: Let's putit this way: there are probably things that a era Cee ra) should miss! But! don’t because my wife and | never lived where we were born and went to school, foraverylong ime, at ll. What contacts we have with those people are simply by internet and by reunion. So, yeah, there's adefinite difference between living ina town for 50 years, living in the same nnouse for 50 years, and tving the lifestyle that we've lived. We moved a lot because | was always trying to better provide for my family than I could have in my own mind by staying put® in one place. INTERNET // © ON CD4 [EYJULIANEARWAKER SPEAKER DEREK ALLEN STANDARD BRIISHACCENT SPEAKUP EXPLAINS BY RACHEL ROBERTS LANGUAGELEVEL: €1 ADVANCED DUNBAR’S NUMBER THE FACEBOOK EFFECT Facebook ha cambiado el concepto de la amistad. Hoy se tienen centenares o miles de amigos por todo el mundo. Pero segtin el académico Robin Dunbar, nuestra mente solo puede gestionar hasta un maximo de 150 relaciones. fyou belong to a social network like Facebook, then you probably have hundreds ~ maybe even thousands ~ of friends. But ac- cording* to Robin Dunbar, Pro- fessor of Evolutionary Anthropology atthe University of Oxford, this is un- realistic. He says that our brainsare capable of having meaningful? re- lationships with a maximum of 150 people, and this figure® is known as “Dunber's Number’. If that sounds disappointing for Facebook fans, then, he says, we are doing rather better than other primates: Robin Dunbar (Standard British ac- cent): I think the main reason that we differ from, let's say, the apest is, that, progressively through our rela- tively recent history, we've found ways of extending the sizes of the communities that we live in. So, for typical chimpanzees, as the most social of the apes, community size is about 60. And we manage to ex- tend that out to the 160 that's now known as “Dunbar's Number’. In hunter-gatherer’ societies that’s the typical community size, it’s the typical village size in most ru- ral economies, as it were’, even, in other words, after you have agricul- ture, and we've managed to extend it out beyond that by several" more layers’, The quality of relationships declines" as you go out", but none the less we can see layers of rela- The Strange World of Friendship Dunbar’s Number is remarkably” consistent™: 150s the average village size inboth the Domesday Book’ 1086) and in 18th-century church registers. Onaverage*women have bigger social networks than men — andare more focused onclose family. Women alsohave aninnermost® circle of extremely close ‘best friends. Men's relationships tend to bemore casual. Asstudy of 10,000 US. students shows that the richest people are those who had the most friendsat school, tionship beyond 150, at 500 and at 1500, and it's clear that in one sense ‘we've been able to extend it, not in- finitely beyond that, but on a much, much largerscale. And that'ssome- thing which none of the other mon- keys or apes have been able to do. THE MONOGAMOUS BRAIN And, he says, monogamy is a good thing, at least for the development of our brains: Robin Dunbar: Species that live in pair-bonded" social systems have much bigger brains than species that live in more promiscuous mat- ing systems. We think this is be- cause the demands of maintaining pair bonds, particularly pair bonds thet last a lifetime, are cognitively very great because you have to start factoring into your behaviour'* things you decide to do, the interests cof your mate, So you have to be able to see the world from their perspec- tive a little bit and figure out” that you can't just go down to the pub and spend the whole of the week- end down there because otherwise" they're going to starve"¥on the nest™! THE SOCIAL NETWORK If monogamy is good for you, then what about Facebook and the in- temet? Robin Dunbar isnot the first, person to express concern: Robin Dunbar: Well, we know it’s the case that it's not just the size of your brain, it's your social experi- ences during childhood” and ado. lescence that determines your so- cial skills” as an adult and there. fore your capacity to manage large numbers of relationships, that if, as seems to be the case” increas- ingly, children are spending more and more of their social time talk- ing to their friends online, rather than face-to-face, it’s creating a different kind of social experience for them because, if somebody up- sets* you online, you can just pull the plug* on them, If they upset you in the sand- pit™, somehow you have to nego- tiate some modus vivendi with them because you're both going to be in the sandpit, whether you like it or not. So you've got to find some way round it, so it’s in those very subtle” negotiations that go on in everyday face-to-face life that you probably really leam and practise these critical social skills. Now, if half of your social time as achild, or an adolescent, is being spent online, rather than that face- to-face environment, the kinds of social skills you may learn could well be very different™ and could actually have an adverse effect on the size of your social network. : | ea | Ipodria ser muydiferentel. F} Esteesun cjermplodel | Bp ccracnst Ser coins | para expresar la nocién Sea Tonaen es f modales acompafiados del | inte Dorcengtenta moncicrOoterdce tf ‘youmay learn {que podrias | sear man oun habria podido decir that nae I eicetacmyctesme B] eiemplo es mas directo, es I] decir'que puedes aprender. ff 1. write the correct word inthe gop provided. The fist letter ofthe word and a definition are given in parentheses to help you a] Chimpanzees havea {eormmon! community sie ofabout ity embers Ris dificult to have {signifcant relationship wth fiends on Facebook Tore are many dere (evel) of relationships. with energy generated by people. ralwith energy generated by fo with energy generated by the 2 power you consume. something from your effort our electricity bill clits generate electricity? ingatomsin space. g fire. ting electrons. 78 earact word inthe gap provided. iter ofthe word and a definition in parentheses tohelp you. turnit on the laptop screen 7 the effect ofnconetart (heart, tho song sin is iy. im {capture ‘gy. you Can power almost rewlel cools to go king cling scneme hopes (al rity (bl astwinter was shocking, 1,d13,e13 bl essence, cl harness. ent o] awareness; Bil MORE EXERCISE LITERATURE // ON CD7 ‘SY EHARLOTTE BOOTH SPEAKER RACHEL ROBERTS STANDARD BRITISH ACCENT 'SPEIKUP EXPLAINS BY RACHEL ROBERTS LANGUAGELEVEL: "ER INTERMEDIATE FICTION A Secret Admirer Una noche agradable en compaiiia de su amiga Marcia. Una llamada inesperada en la puerta y un regalo sorpresa de alguien desconocido: una caja de apetitosos bombones. Un amanecer diferente a los demas. here has been an in- | en were stupid, Surely, if you "Delivery for Leah Reed," crease’ in rohypnol | were going to the bathroom, or | he said, holding out a large and other drug at- | to the dance floor, you would | red box. She signed for it and tacks in bars across | leave your drink with a friend | retumed to the sofa to openit. | the country. Women | or take it with you. Othorwiac, | She wasn't expecting anything, are reminded not to leave their | the bar staff, thinking you had | so she was excited to see what Grinks* unattended? and tobe | left, would take the glass and | was inside and who it was extra carefult.” throw your drink away. While | from. She opened the lid?’ and she was thinking about this | saw a huge heart-shaped" box Leah listened to the evening | and what she would doin the | of chocolates. The card with news on the BBC and hada | same situation, the doorbell | the chocolates simply said’ | combination of feelings about | rang, and she walked to the “To the love of my life this report. It was frightening | front door to answer it. It was Forever Mine xxx" | that someone could put some- | alittle early for her friend, Mar- ‘There was nothing else; no ‘thing in your drink when you | cia, who was arriving at 8pm, | address, noname, nothing toin- woren't looking, but she also | and Leah was surprised to see | dicate who the sender was. She thought some of these wom- | a courier on the doorstep’ tried to imagine who had sent it and why. It wasn't her birtnaay and Valentine's Day was two aes ae ‘months ago, She couldn't think algo'yserofiore ser omitido cuando alsujeto: must eselmismoendos ofanyone: But how axiiting| remembertobuy _omas rases. Por She had a secret admitor. some milk! ejemplo: Leah and Marciaatea lotof ave * Womenarereminded Doesn't look like chocolate and they? Eee eee notto leave their handwriting ~ drank red wine. En was Marcia, They had plannes drinksunattended- Siempre se dice cambio enla lengua a girls’ night in’, watching mov- Toremind sto queeningléshay _—hablada elsujeto tes, drinking wine and having a remember.Estos queespecificarel_—_-seomitecuando * dos verbospueden —sujeto,seaconun _—recargaclestilodela ff 905!" They had been friends | traducirse como nombre propio o frase y para todos los for years, since school, and they ‘recorder Elprimero conunpronombre _interlaeutores esta told each other everything. Leah Esamplegcuindasl persona. oto. cre ciitonutn BHgWed Dereon | Sujetodebe recordar Pues...acabemos esl sujeto. ; Perera eetitt cmcceenatttill aay Oovooh, wit do you think aigo,mientrasque Gramaticalmenteel ‘ke his handwriting they are from?" Marcia asked, rememberquiere _sujetodeunafrase (no parece sersu eyes wide" with excitement, decir‘acordarsede subordinadapuede —_caligrefial. eriaye Gidea raves had a boyfriend in months, and 2 secur there's no one I can think of ‘who would send, them, “What about Mike?" ‘Marcia suggested “The butcher"? God, I hope not, he’s disgusting®. He always has blood under his fin- gemails", and besides, I don't think he's the romantic type.” “Joseph? Maybe he wants you back. "My ex? Doesn't look like" his handwriting" ,” Leah said, look- ing closely at the card. “We didn't, exactly part” on good terms", I doubt he wants me back.” “How about that guy in the coffee shop? You know, the one you're always staring at”.” : Leah thought about it. It was unlikely®, but she would , certainly like it to be him. This guy was gorgeous, and al- ‘ways sat in the same place: the table by the window. He usu- ally had a book open on the ta- ble and a large cappuccino in front of him. Leah went to the coffee shop twice a week and he was always there. Without fail®. They'd never spoken, but 2 creepy*, ‘t want to to the kitchen 29 wine and two “Hmmm, nice, though, from the living « full of chocola* {into the room “Hey, the be the first to « plied, grabbi Marcia and side, She cho: inhermouth. ). They were they were unusual. There were some strange combinations such as cho! with chili, cardamom nnel*, and judging by the smell, many of were almond”, choice, but they and it would be rude* not to enjoy them. In the morning, the flat was silent, The curtains were closed, and the room was illumi- nated by the blue light flashing from the TV screen. DVD boxes were open on the table, next to two empty wine bottles. Two wine glasses were on the floor, On the sofa lay the two pale, cold bodies of Leah and Mar- cia, Between them was the empty box of chocolates, with the card just visible, poking out” from undemeath®. 1. cnccee the correct answer forthe following questions. 125 Leah learn about robypnol x ware Leah's plans forthe night? with her secret admirer. ner ex-boyfriend. :ay inwitha girtriend, eh surprised to see on her g she know the gifts nat from 4 isnot in his handing, ct the romantic type. MORE EHERCISES ONCO os SARY INCREASE: sumento WOMEN ARE. THER DRM: Eqlains ‘UNATTENDED: snviglar dente, cuidadoso ‘HEART-SHAPED: con forma de corazén AGRLS NIGHTI 35a entre amigas TOHAVEA GOSSIP cotllear STEVES MIDE: [conlos) cjos ante abiertos repugnant AGEINGERNAIL: URE {8 TOLOOKLLIKE: parecer 3% Up 8xplains) {6 RANDWRITING letra $7 TOPART: separarse 1#0N 000 TERMS: amigablemente $9 TOSTAREAT: irarfjamente 28 UNLIKELY: poco probable 21 GORGEOUS: guopisio 22 WITHOUTFAlLesin falta "33 alguien los ojos 2 CREEPY. escalofriante 25 TOORAB. agarrar, 26 FENNEL: hinojo 27 ALMOND: almond 2A RUDE: de mala aducacién 27 TOPOKEOUT: asomar SD UNDERNEATH: detajo | | | kin ace q tecnolégica? Nada de eso, La pintura en tres dimensiones ya era conocida en tiempos de los romanos. Lo que ha cambiado es su enfoque. Los obras de Joe Hillen las calles de Londres son una muestra de ello. Una extraordinaria ilusién dptica. 1 ; Boas artist Joe Hillis ta ne optical illusion don Ly vter najur ls around the world. no need for specia der to admire J Viewers" can sim- a fixed point and the il seem to open up m. A Joe Hill pictur sures 6 x 3 metr takes him three days fe can, however, cre- wing‘ on the pave- fay (should the ter- sh weather require him ly!) ISSANCE painting 3D images nd Max Lowry eight This was when they travel around Spai mpaign to promo: sky. Until then th as two-dimensione! they taught them. nique which involv of colour tones, lin: ive (see interview). plains, the 3D op: on is obtained by u: to bring the line: here the observe Other tricks include ones and less the objects that are fur from the light sou hnique, which invo ve anamorphosis' EM -THTHEM: debajo de sus pie io era LK DRAWING: dibujo de tiza rer oy (CH ONESELF: sor autodidact= cee) HT SOURCE: fuente de luz back to the Renaissance. As Joe Hill says, the skull” in Hans Hol- bein the Younger's The Ambassa- dors (1533) is a famous example, but almost 50 years before that Leonardo da Vinet (who else!) cre- ated Leonardo’s Bye (c. 1488). IN MEMORY OF MAX After mastering* the technique Joe and Max worked together for sever- al years, creating unique street art. Sadly, their collaboration came to an end in 2010 when Max suddenly died from a rere heart condition’, at two or three peopla would see ita day. sihubiese querido the age of 34. Yet Joe has carried on, accepting various 3D art com- missions. He continues to amaze"* pedestrians" and encourage audi- ence mteraction wherever he goes. WORLD TOUR Most recently Joe has been on a one-month world tour on behalf of* VisitBritain”. He travelled to 10 cit- ies, where he created three-cimen- sional representations of famous British landmarks. And he has re- ceived the ultimate accolade’ place in Guinness World Records! amenudo pero esté presente en } dos adjetivas muy | hablarde una comunes en elinglés situacién hipotética _contempordneo: el IfIpainta picturefor enelpasadohabria _primeroes awful, three people wills ita day — Aqui Joe Hill esta hablando de una situacién verosimily por lo tanto utiliza et primer condicional, J SiHilt hubiese J querido hablar de J une situaciéninds | hipotética habris FJ utitizado et segundo FE condicional: i painteda picture foraclient, maybe aclient, maybetwoor utilizadol tercer condicional: f! had painted a picture for aclient, maybetwo or _isawfullesa pelicula three people would have seenita day. That you're in awe of ~ (sentirse intimidado por). sustantivo awese ‘emplea para indicar admiracién pero también intimidacién ytemor. Nose utiliza sinénimo de terribie. Los dos equivalena horrible’: that film esespantosal. El | adjetivo awesome, | en cambio, indica ! justolocontrario, «=f tuna cosa founa t personal fantastica: Asa player, Messi is totally awesome: “como jugador Messi es absolutamente increible’ | ‘This was for having created (with eight assistants) the world’s largest and longest 3-D painting. A work of art measuring 1,160.4m? was pro- duced (in collaboration with Reebok Crossiit) over the course of 10 days in London's West India Quays (in Canary Wharf) in November 2011 (Pictured above). Joe Hill came to art in his thir ties. He started in order to subsi- dise his previous career, as a tel- evision scriptwriter" and actor, but he soon realised that being an artist was “much more fun!” FOR MORE. His work is not limited to floors: he also creates optical illusions on walls and ceilings, in addition to producing more ‘serious’ art for clients. His 3D techniques have been adopted by other painters around the world, thanks to his free online tutorials. For more on Joo Hil’ ar, vst: spr ffjoehitl-art.com 7 SKULL:erane® STOMASTER: daminar ‘HEART CONDITION: problemas de corazén ATOAMAZE: asombror PEDESTRIAN: pestin 2ON BEHALF OF. en representacién de TAVISITBRITAIN: Oficina de Turisma Brténico {WACCOLADE: honor ASSCRIPTWRITER. guionists (QON CD7 spencer wisn RaTcurre STANDARD BRITISH ACCENT LANGUAGE LEVEL: €1 ADVANCED The Art of Illusion After having worked as a writer and actor, Joe Hill has found his dream job™. He sa 30 artist who specialisesin creating amazing optical illusions, He can transforma pavement into canyon or a ski slope" and sometimes pedestrians will walk round his pictures for fear of falling into them. Nor is his work limited to the streets of London, He often flies to other countries inorder to create specially commissioned installations. We asked him how he managed tocreate 30 art: Joe Hill (Standard British accent]: Well, there are all sorts oftricks" that | can't really divulge, but mean, for example, there's verysimple one which is, ifanyone’s trying this, if you want to make something look like it’s standing up, then, tonally, you want whatever's furthest away from you" to be very strong, andwhatever'sin the foreground to be very pale, and then that wil naturally bring the image upright, twill pull’ the coloursat the back forward and immediately your ‘stretch™ will be more believable And he let us into another secret Joo Hills I'ea very old technique, even the Romans were doing it, and, through the Renaissance, there's avery famous painting by Holbein called The Ambassadors*, Essentially, you set up*a single viewing point and you use perspective tomake all the lines come to the point that you are standing (at), and thus create three- dimensionel image, which creates theillusion. The image is enhanced by using a lens of some description”. Because you have two eyes, you're able to judge distance, so you're able to judge that somethingisa certain distance from you. As soon as you put something through a lens, itbecomes, essentially, a two- dimensional image, and you are able to trick® the brain®, anduse techniques to further enhance the ilusion, ‘SERIOUSLY! Joe Hill also produces more ‘serious’ artwork for individual clients, but, he says: Joe Hill:| personally think that 3D ic the most fun because, if painta picture fora client, for their house, maybe two or three people will see ita day*. Il paint pictures for a gallery, maybe 20 people will see itin’ day. With 3D art, it makesart much more inclusive: you know, hundreds of people will see it on the street, thousands of people will see it an the internet. ‘And also, people are able to play around with it,have some fun and realise that art doesn't have to be quite so serious. It doesn’t have to be something that you're in awe of, that’s hidden behind glass™ ‘You know, you can jump around onit®, roll around on it, and take pictures of t and share't with your friends, and, yeah, art's fun! +See Speak Up 313, September 2011, The Art of Google. EXERCISES ir Se ete 1. Match the words to form pairs used in 1.0 2 point 3 stops illusion S.around Sart image 8. job 2. Decie whether the following statements aretrue or false. al The Romans used 2D images. (TRUE/FALSE nd ofa 3D drawing shoul ITRUE/FALSE tobea portrait artist. (TRUE/FALSE| orsis.a new mavie rom TTRUE/FALSE! rakes 30 artinteractve TTRUE/FALSE! eget to see three= ITRUE/FALSE \Uwerkes mainlyin London. (TRUE/FALS! Answers 1 el7.d)5,€16,f12, 918, 4 2al True, cl False, d alse, elT 4 alse, HV True MORE EXERCISES ONCO nnn ‘brs DREAM JOB: el trabajo de sus suehc {7SRISLOPE- pista de esqU' BALL SORTS OF TRICKS: (000 tipo det 19 WHATEVER'S FURTHEST AWAY FROM YOU 1 mds ojos da 20FOREGROUND: primer plano PALE: palido {22 THAT WILL BRING... UPRIGHT: e50 hs imagen parezcaestar vertical, 2aSTRETCH: troz0 26TOSETUPsmontar 2PSSINGLE VIEWING POINT: ur unico punta de observacion 26 TO ENHANCE: realzar 27 BYUSING ALENS OF SOME DESCRIPTION: Evzanao algun tpode lente 2A TOTRICK: nganar 29BRAIN. cerebro 3D1F PAINT. ITADAY: vor Speak Up 3NTOBEINAWEOF: cant re Inte: per ver Speak Explains) 22GLASS: cristal 233 YOU CAN JUMP AROUND ONT. puedes caltar encima MEET THE PRESS LANGUAGE LEVEL: B2 UPPER INTERMEDIATE THE NEW YORK TIMES Why I am leaving Goldman Sachs “Ambiente destructivo, sin ética, cuyo objetivo es enriquecerse a costa de los demas”. Estas duras palabras, referidas al banco Goldman Sachs, fueron escritas por Gregs Smith, alto ejecutivo de la entidad, y publicadas en el New York Times. Reproducimos el articulo. oday is my last day at Goldman Sachs. After almost 12 years I be- lieve I have worked here long enough to understand the trajectory of its ‘culture, ils people ad ils iden tity. And I can say that the en- vironment! now is as toxic and destructive as Ihave everseen it. ‘Tokeepit simple, the interests of the client continue to be sec- ondary in the way the firm op- erates and thinks about making money. Goldman Sachs is one of tho world's largest and most im- portant investment banks*and it 1s too integral? to global finance to continue to act this way. The hrm nas moved so tar trom the place T joined after college that I can no longer identify with what, it stands fort ALONG HISTORY Itmight sound surprising to the public, but Goldman Sactis al- ways revolved! around team- work’, integrity, a spirit of hu- mility, and always doing right by our clients. The culture was | the seotet that made this place great and allowed us to earn our clients’ trust for 143 years. It wasn’t just about making money It had something to do with pride and beltef in the or- ganization. Iam sad to say that, Took around today and see no trace of the culture that made me love working for this firm for many years. Ino longer have the pride, or the belief. DECLINE But this was not always the case’. For more than a decade Irecruited and mentored* can- didates through our difficult in- terview process. I was selected asone of 10 people (out of a firm of more than 30,000) to appear on our recruiting video, played on every college campus we visit around the world, I knew it was time to leave when I realized I could no longer look at students and tell them what a great place this was to works. When the history books are written about Goldman Sachs, they may reflect that the current chief executive officer, Lloyd C Blankfein, and the president, Gary D Cohn, lost hold of the farm's culture, I truly believe that this decline in the firm's moval fiber" represents the most serious threat" to its survival" A,BANDC... During my career I have had the privilege of advising large hedge funds", asset manag- ers®, and three of the most BYGREG SMITH 02012}HARVARD BUSINESS REV. DISTRIEUTED QYNEW YORKTMES SYNDICATE prominent sovereign wealth funds" in the Middle East and Asia. My clients have atotal as- set base" of more than $1 tril- ion. have always taken pride in advising my clients to do what I belleve is right for them, even if it means less money for the firm. This view is becom- ing increasingly unpopular at Goldman Sachs. Another sign that it was time to leave. How did we get here? The firm changed the way itthought about leadership. Leadership used to be about ideas, set- ting an example and doing the right thing, Today, if you make People talk about ripping their clients off ~ [Se habla de cémo engariar/estatar a ‘sus propios clientes). Phrasal verb: o rip someone off En sentido literal quiere decir ‘arrancar algo’: ripped the cover off the book {Arranqué latapa del libro). Learning the ropes -Expre- sién idiomatica muy comin. Iworked hard to learn the ropes (Trabajé duro para aprender los trucos del oficio) enough money for the firm you will be promoted into a position of influence. What are three quick ways to become a leader? a) Execute" on the firm's “axes”, the Gold- ‘man-speak'" for persuading your clients to invest in the stocks or other products that we are \y- ing to get Tid of" because they don'thave a lot of potential profit, b) “Hunt Elephants’. In English: Get your clients to trade what- ever will bring the biggest profit to Goldman. Call me old-fash- ioned®, but I don't like selling my clients a product that is wrong for them. c) Find yourself sitting in a seat where your jcbisto trade any illiquid, opaque product. THE MUPPET SHOW ‘Today, many of these lead- ers have a culture quotient® of exactly zero percent. I attend meetings where net one single minute is spent asking questions about how we can help clients Its all about how we can make the most possible money off* of them. If you were from Mars and sat in on one of these meetings, you would believe that a client's suocess or progress was not part ofthe thought process at all, It makes me ill* how people talk about ripping their clients off, Over the last year I have seen five different managing directors refer to their own cli- entsas “muppets™ over intemal email, Itsurprises me how little sen- jor management understands a basic truth: If clients don't trust, you they will stop doing busi- ness with you. It doesn't matter how smart you are. TOMORROW ‘These days, the most common question I get from junior ana- lysts is, "How much money did ‘we make offthe client?” It both ors me every time I hear it, be- cause it is a reflection of w ‘they are observing trom their leaders, Now look 10 years in the future: You don't have to be ‘a genius to figure out™ that junior analyst sitting quietly in the corer of the room hearing about “muppets”, “ripping eye- balls out®” and “getting paid doesn'texectly tum into a mod- elcitizen. SHORT CUTS ‘When I was a first-year analyst Iwas taught to be concerned” ‘with leaming the ropes®, finding out what a derivative was, derstanding finance, getting to mow our clients and what mo- tivated them, leaming how they defined success and what we could do to help them get there. My proudest moments in life — getting @ full scholarship to go from South Africa to Sv ford University, winning 2 bronze medal for table tennis a" the Maccabiah Games in Isr ~ have all come through hard work, with no shortouts. Gold- man Sachs today has bec: too much about short and not enough about ach: ment, Itjust doesn't feel right, tome anymore Thope this can be a wake-up call* to the board of directors. ‘Make the client the focal point of your business again. With- out clients you will not make money. In fact, you will not ex- ist. Remove the morally bank- rupt people, no matter how much money they make for the firm. And get the culture right again, so people want to work hore for the right reasons. Peo- ple who care only about mak- ing money will not sustain this firm — of the trust of its clients —for very much longer. Greg Smith resigned as a Gold- ‘man Sachs executive director on March 14, 2012, 1 ENVIRONMENT: ambiente 2 INVESTMENTBANK: Banco deinversiones INTEGRAL esencial STOSTANDFOR: representar STOREVOLYE:cirar S TEAMWORK: trabajo de equipo 7 WAS NOT ALWAYS THE CASE: emprelueas! MENTOR: aconser, gular ‘FIBER: visin, empure it. bra, caréctr] 1 TAREAT: amenaza ‘1 SURVIVAL supervivencia {HEDGE FUND: fondo de inversién {SDASSETMANAGER: gestor de activos 14 SOVEREIGN WEALTH FUNDS. {SASSETBASE: base de activos {sg TO EXECUTE: cumplir ejacutar as ‘SOLDMAN-SPEAK: « uilizado por Goldman 19 TOGET AIDOF:quilarse de encima 29 CALLME OLD-FASHIONED: na anticvado Dr sin liquidee (que no puede orvertrse endineroelectvo} 22 OPAQUE: opaco, poco transparente BBQUOTIENTscoeliiente ‘0 MAKE MONEY 0 .charse econémicamente 25 ITMAKES MEILL: me pone enferme 2S TORIPOFF: estar, timar Up Explains) 27 MUPPET: idiot, iméscil {Be TOBETMER: preuvupar,srolestar 29 TOFIGUREOUT: comprender sa TORIPOUT:arrancar 31 TOBE CONCERNED: estar tena 32 TOLEARN THE ROPES: aprender <2 unciona todo (ver Speak Up Expl 33 SHORTOUT: ato 24 ACHIEVEMENT: [agro 235 WAKE-UP CALL: toque de ater A Pa eta yc Oienn os eis Zils; Solar Powered SINGER-SONGWRITER Chatlyn Marshall, who goes by* the stagename*Cat Power has produced eight studio albums, with her ninth, Sun, released thiis month. Originally ingpired by classic rock ‘n’ roll, R&B and gospel music, the native of Atlanta, Georgia became influenced by free-jazz and experi- ‘mental music when she moved to New Yorkin the 1990s. Cat, Power is famed! for her soulful‘ vocals and minimalist guitar accompaniment, She has also appeared in a number of fms, including Wong Kar Wai's My Bineherry Nights (2007), in ‘which singer Norah Jones takes a leading role* Dedicated Creatives ANIMAL Collective, the US-based group responsible for the most ertcaly acclaimed album‘ of 2009, Merriweather ost Pailion releases anew album this month called Centipede Hz. The group blend? arangotof musical styles, ineluding psychedelia, rock, slectronica and folk music, and, in 2010, premiered ‘visual record entitled ODDSAC First of Three Popular punk Dayrelease {Unol, the firstin atrilogy of albums set for release in September. November and January next year. Their sound is often compared to that of early punk rockers The Ramones, The Clash, The Buzzcocks and The Sex Pistols. The Canadian singer who hit it big®with the single /Am Like a Birdin 2002, brings outa ‘new aloum this month called The Spirit indestructible. The singer, whose parents are Portuguese, brought out an album in Spanish in 2010 called Mi Plan, which wan hera Latin Grammy. By Muse =] Inspired i ©) After producing $2 Survival, the oficial song for the London Olympics, British alternative rock band Muse go on to bring out an album this September called The 2nd Law. The trio have sold over 15 million alums worldwide" and are famed for their energetic live performances® GOES BY: se conoce por 7TOBLEND: mezclar 2STAGENANE: BRANGE:varied0 fnacahre artlti ‘Ta PREMIERE: FAMED: conccico _estreno SOULFUL: conmavedor 10TO HITT BIG: LEADING ROLE: tener un gran éxito papel principal WORLDWIDE: SSTHE... ALBUM: por todoet mundo eLibuim nds elogiado 12LIVE PERFORMANCE: porlosc setuacionen directo Race in the States MICHAEL CHABON became aliterary celebrity with his very first novel, The Mysteries of Pittsburgh (1988). Since then he has gone on to become one of the most-praised' writers of his generation, writing complex fiction about family issuestand identity, and winning the Pulitzer Prize in 2001. Telegraph Avenue (Harper) isa novel, written in Chabon’s usual readable, virtuoso style, about “American optimism about race”, and tells the story ofa long-forgotten crime of the Black Panther era. New releases care LEISURESCOPE // BOOKS !NGUADE LEVEL, BY INTERMEDIATE ‘CONOR GLEESON & ALEX PHILLIPS Smith Returns to London Broadway ZADIE SMITH was the first British literary sensation of the millennium when she "| published her debut novel, vn White Teeth, in 2000, aged just 25, Smith had only written 80 pages of the novel when the rights were bought at auction? for £250,000. The hook, a comic talet emationel bestseller. Al- novels, The Autograph of Britain’s leading‘ con- ver, thinks she is just an on) is a tragic-comic story of state" in north-east Lon- sth Smith hereelf saying it book’ of multiracial Londen, became an in though Smith has only written temporary novelists. She hersel “apprentice”. NW (Hamish Ham four siblings’ bom on a grim" hous don. Details of the novel are scarce". w is about class and is a “very, etoniar 2issuestema Rowling The ATime Dene alse Goes Voice of of Great Adult Africa Turmoil ‘Acclaimed Chinua Amaster.— | HOWEVER: ferry Patter Achebe is ~~ AViNTER: | tapprenticg: | author JK a Nigerian WORLD aprendiz 4 Rowling English- a ‘YSIBLING: herman is finally publishing her language author best Follett has ‘WRI: Ligubre first-evernovel aimed knowin for his debut Things sequel to Fa ‘anousNgEsTaTE: atadults The Casvat® —__FallApart.publishedin gripping best patacbeli Vacancy*[Little, Brown|on 1958, His newly-released of the World’ T3CASUAL: ever ‘September 27th. Probably memoirs There Was ambitious, GVACANCY: va the most anticipated" book A Country, A Personal fortunes, astoanmicipaTe: of the year, the new novel. History of Biafra|Penguin) —_ families th i PUR Hibs apuacdie isadark comedy about isa blend of history, poetry World War {7TOCOME UP Wir= small-town ite. and prose. atomic. prooucin EUREEAMELZAIIS cereratinformaton about English books or ebooks can ‘which divers international To find out mare about thebooks described above vis Harish Harton andWarne: wiv penguinco.uk Harper: wirw.harpercollins.com F: ewm-amazon.es or wwwamazon.co.uk, = Lil Brown: wanelitlebrown.com = wiv faberca.uk LANGUAGE LEVEL: Az PRE-INTERMEDIATE GLOBAL VILLAGE MARCIO CARVALHO Marcio Carvalho es portugués y estudié inglés en su pais. Lleva cinco afos en Londres y le encanta la riqueza multicultural de la ciudad, pero no asi las prisas y la competitividad que hay. Veamos cémo lo explica. © continue our se- ries of brief inter- views with foreign residents in Lon- don. This month ‘we meet a Portuguese gentleman ‘who introduces himselt Marcio Carvatho (Portuguese ac- cent]: I'm Marcio Carvalho. I'm from. Portugal, I've been (in) London for five years now, and I work as an in- ‘temational credit controller’ How did you learn English? Marcio Carvalho: Mostly in school, as most people... young people in Portugal, they... we study languages fora few yeats, and then also read- ing, or...or with movies, but it made a big difference when moving to London because, when you're in the country, think that’s when you ac- tually*leam the language, but! think that was mainly in school and then in the country here VOICES // © ON CD? YUNDALIiOs ‘SPEAKER RACHEL ROBERTS STANOARDGRITISH ACCENT ‘And what is your favourite place in London? Marcio Carvalho: That's a hard question! Hyde Park, Hampstead Heath. [like the green areas in Lon- don because it's not... it's a city very urban (it's a very urban city), so it's good to have sme green spaces. Is there anything you particularly like about the British way of life? Marcio Carvalho: That's a... a very rich country, in terms of human re- sources, | believe that when you have such richness of people coming ‘rom al diferent countries, you actu- ally leam alot from people, from theit experiences. I think you can leam a Jot with that in every different way (inmany different ways). ‘And is there anything you don’t like? Marcio Carvalho: There's too much rush‘, or stress, there's too much ‘competitivity (competition). Es ‘TREDIT CONTROLLER: gerente de crite ZACTUALLY: realmente [SMUMANRESOURCES, recursos humanas “GRUSHE piss eSabestauitima? {No? Pues ee esta pine Esta monda,yaverss (ANGUAGELEVEL, Ba UPPER INTERMEDIATE - The Last Laugh Two hunters are out are out in when one pses*. He eathing and ed*. The other JOKES // © ON CD10 ERS RACMEL ROBERTS JUSTIN RATCLIFFE S7ANDERO BRITSHACEEN the emergency services. He gasps‘ “My friend is dead! What can I do? ‘The operator says, "Calm down. I can help. First, Ist's make sure he's dead." There isa silence, then a gun shot is heard”, Back on the phone, the guy says "OK, now what?” ‘SURVEY: encuesta HUNTER: cozador ‘wooo: bosque {TO COLLAPSE: desplomarse SOLAZED: vidrioso 6 T0GASP:respirar entrecortadamente ‘TOUNSHOT ISHEARD: se oyeun disparo CROSSWORD ACROSS 1. Season known as ‘fall’ in US English, 3. Airpollution in a city, caused bya mixture of smoke and fog. 7 Oneof 12 pairs of curved bones attached tothe spine 9 Tobeworthy; “You... abreak afterall yourhard work.” 10 SirChristophor..., architoot (1632-1723) of St Paul's Cathedral. 11. Edible tuber, staple food of Ireland, 13 Native of Greenland and Arctic Canada, also own as Inuit 14 Compass point at 90 degrees, directly opposite west. 17 Breed of cat with blue eyes, a white coat and black paws. 18 Youhave twoon your head and you use them tohear 19 Huny, the showstarts at Som and we're going tobe 20 Place ona farm where hi and other animals are kept. DOWN 1. Partofaweapon that you shoot using a bow GAMES // CROSSWOR. ‘SY MARIAN Kia 2. Many products cany alabe! saying they are‘... in Chine 4 Lady... number ono 1975 song by R&B band Labelle 5]... Spanish painter(1641 1614) known forhis dra use of colour 6 Famous English raceoours founded by Queen Anne: a1. 8 Firs:mealofthe day, wh. you have when you wake 12. Darkeyellow fossilised tree resin, used to make jewe! 13. Tripod used to hold an az canvas upright. 15 Number that is between ta and four 16 Birds build andlaytheir ply = ie ae eggsinit.