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BOTTLENECKS

WHAT IS A
BOTTLENECK?
Performance an entire system is limited by
a single or limited number of components.
The term is taken from its literal meaning.
Fundamental intuition about bottlenecks
carried over from the days of Henry Ford.
Video

TYPES OF BOTTLENECKS
Process Bottleneck
Activity

Process
Bottleneck

Time

TYPES OF BOTTLENECKS
Functional Bottleneck
Process
1

Process 1
continues

Process
2

Process 2
continues

Process
3

Function
al
Bottlene
ck

Process 3
continues

MANUFACTURING
BOTTLENECKS
It is a stage in a process
that causes the entire
process to slow down.

Restricts the output of


production facilities.
Befor
e

After

CAUSES OF MANUFACTURING
BOTTLENECKS
PHYSICAL

MANAGING
BOTTLENECK
In 1984 Dr.Eliyahu M. Goldratt introduced the Theory of
Constraints in his book the Goal.
TheFive Focusing Steps :
Identify the process' constraints

MANAGING
BOTTLENECK

5 Focusing Steps :

Identify the Bottleneck


Finding Largest WIP Inventory.
Exploit the Bottleneck

Optimize bottleneck machine speed.

Give maintenance high priority.

MANAGING
BOTTLENECK
Subordinate Other Tasks
Letting the non-bottlenecks help the bottleneck
Everybody works at the pace of the bottleneck
Elevate the Bottleneck
Adding more people or machines
Training and mentoring more operators for the
bottleneck
Re-evaluate the process
New Bottleneck Emerges
Repeat the Steps and continue improving the
system.

BOTTLENECKS IN SUPPLY
CHAIN

BOTTLENECKS IN
COMPUTERS

BOTTLENECKS IN CORPORATE
SECTOR

POPULATION
BOTTLENECKS
It is an event that drastically
reduces the size of a
population.
It produces a decrease in the
gene pool of the population.
Production bottleneck may be
caused by various events.

Original Bottlene
Populati ck -ing
on
Event

Survivin
g
Populati
on

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