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1

2
11.
12
0,09 .
) y
x .
) 300 ,
,
23% .

)
x 0,09x. y
y = 0,09x + 12
)
x = 300 y = 0,09300 + 12 = 39
23
O
39 = 8,97,
100
39 + 8,97 = 47,97

12.
) 2
(1, 5).
) .
)
.

)
y = x + .
2, = 2. y = 2x +
(1, 5), 5 = 21 + = 3.
y = 2x + 3
)
x = 0 y = 3, y
(0 , 3)
3
y = 0 x = , x
2
y
3

, 0
3
2

)

.
3

2
x
x

3
. = 3 = ,
2
y

() =

1
1 3
9
= 3 =
2
2 2
4

13.

E 6cm 4,71cm2.
) .
)
.
) .

)
2
3,14 6 2
=
4,71 =
360
360
= 15
= 15
)
360
, 15 =
= 24

)
. + = 180 , = 180 =

= 180 15 = 165

14.
10
2 , 3, 4, 3, 3, 2, 4, 3, 5, 4
) %
.
) .
) .

)

2
2
20
3
4
40
4
3
30
5
1
10

10
100

22 +34 + 43+ 51 = 33
33
=
= 3,3
10

)

2, 2, 3, 3, 3, 3 , 4 , 4, 4, 5
3 3,

3+ 3
=3
2

15.


80m 110m .

= 7m H = 3m,

= 40m = 25m.
10m.
:
) .

)

.
)
.

)
= 80110 = 8800 m2
)
,
1 = () () = 4025 73 = 979 m2
2979 = 1958 m2
)
4025 = 1000 m2
2 = 3,14 102 = 314 m2
2 = 8800 21000 314 = 6486 m2

16.

.
, ,

.
) .
) .
)
;
( 2 = 1,41 3 = 1,73)

)
30 =

4m

45o

30
6m

3
6
=

1,73 = 12
12
=
6,94 m
1, 73

)
45 =

=
2
4
2 = 4 2
= 2,82 m

)
+ .

3
6
= 2 3 = 3,46 m
2,82 + 3,46 = 6,28 m

, 30 =

17.
= 12 2 m
8m.
) .
) 12 m, ,
, .


)

,

2
2
2
2
2
2
+ = + = (12 2 )

22 = 288

2
= 144
= 144 = 12 m

=6m
2
: 2 = 2 + 2 = 82 + 62 = 100
= 100 = 10 m
= 2 = 122 = 144m2
1
1
= ( )() = 41210 = 240m2
2
2
= + = 240 + 144 = 384 m2
1
1
V = ( )() = 1448 = 384 m3
3
3

18.
(312)x = 0 (2 + )x = 6
,

= 2( +3) 2 + 3 +

(312)x = 0 , 312 = 0
3 = 12
=4
(2 + )x = 6 2 + = 0
=2
2

4
= 4 = 2 = 2(4 6) 8 6 + =
2
= 2(2) 8 6 + (2)2 =
= 4 8 6 + 4 = 14

19.
xOy
1
1

2x 3, y + B 5x , 2 4y
4
2

x y
) x.
) 2 .
) 4 .
) , .

)
.
1
1
2x 3 = 5x
y + = (2 4y)
2
4
1
1
3x = 3 y + = 2 + 4y
2
4
5
1
3y = 2 +
3x =
2
4
5
3
x=
y =
6
4
)
.
1
2x 3< 0 y + > 0
4
1
2x < 3 y >
4
3
1
y >
x<
2
4
)

1
5x > 0 2 4y < 0
2
1
5x >
4y > 2
2
1
1
x>
y >
10
2
)
.
1
1

2x 3 = 5x y + = (2 4y)
4
2

1
1
2x 3 = 5x +
y + = 2 + 4y
2
4
7
9
7x =
3y =
2
4
1
3
y =
x=
2
4

20 .
4(x 5)
3x 18
1 <

5
10 5
ii. 10(x + 3) 108 > (1013x) 4x
)

)
4(x 5)
3x 18
4(x 5)
3x
18
1 <

10
110 < 10
10
i)
5
10 5
5
10
5
8(x 5) 10 < 3x 36
8x 40 10 < 3x 36
14
5x < 14 x <
5
ii. 10(x + 3) 108 > (1013x) 4x 10x + 30 108 > 101 + 3x 4x
23
11x > 23 x >
11
)

-4 -3 23-2
11

i.

-1

2 14 3
5


23
14

<x<
11
5
x = 2 , 1 , 0 , 1 , 2