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Seguridad al

Usar el
Minicargador
de Direccin
Deslizante
Para las Industrias
de la Jardinera y Servicios Hortcolas

Contenido
Seguridad
al Usar el
Minicargador
de Direccin
Deslizante

Introduccin
Qu Gano con Esto? ............................................3
Leccin 1
Tome Control de Su Propia Seguridad ....................4
Leccin 2
Preprese para una Operacin Segura ...................8
Leccin 3
Que No lo Aplasten las Partes Mviles .................13
Leccin 4
Prevenga los Accidentes de Volcaduras ................17
Leccin 5
Otros Peligros de Operacin ................................22
Leccin 6
Peligros Ambientales ..........................................27
Conclusin .........................................................34
Soluciones de los Exmenes ................................36

Renuncia de Responsabilidad
Este material fue producido bajo el nmero de concesin 46G3HT04 de la Administracin de Salud y Seguridad Ocupacional,
Departamento del Trabajo de los EE.UU. No reeja necesariamente las polticas del Departamento del Trabajo, ni la mencin
de marcas registradas, productos comerciales u organizaciones
insinan la aprobacin del gobierno de los EE.UU.
Este manual fue producido por la Extensin e Investigacin de KState, de la Universidad Estatal de Kansas, Manhattan, Kansas.
La informacin incluida en esta publicacin ha sido recopilada de
una variedad de fuentes que se cree que son de conanza y que
representan la mejor opinin actual sobre el tema. Sin embargo,
ni la Extensin e Investigacin de K-State o sus autores garantizan
la certeza o totalidad de cualquier informacin contenida en esta
publicacin, y ni la Extensin e Investigacin de K-State o sus autores sern responsables por cualquier error, omisin o dao que se
deriven del uso de esta informacin. Se pueden requerir medidas
de seguridad adicionales bajo circunstancias particulares.

2 - Minicargador de Direccin Deslizante

Qu Gano con Esto?


Este manual ensea prcticas de seguridad importantes que se
deben de seguir cuando opera o trabaja cerca de un minicargador
de direccin deslizante. Est diseado para usarse junto con el entrenamiento prctico sobre seguridad y el manual del operario del
equipo, no para reemplazar los mismos.
Las prcticas de trabajo inseguras lesionan y matan. Este manual le
ensear los peligros asociados con trabajar con un minicargador
de direccin deslizante para ayudarlo a evitar lesiones y muertes.
Se han combinado los consejos de seguridad junto con reportes de
accidentes reales para mostrarle como han ocurrido accidentes en
el trabajo y como pueden prevenirse.

Minicargador de Direccin Deslizante - 3

Leccin 1
Objetivos
1. Nombrar las dos causas reportadas ms comunes de
muertes causadas por los
minicargadores de direccin
deslizante.
2. Interpretar el signicado de las
seales de advertencia usadas
comnmente.

Tome Control de su
Propia Seguridad
Los Peligros Ms Grandes
Los minicargadores de direccin deslizante pueden ser peligrosos
si no se observan ciertas precauciones de seguridad. Las lesiones
y muertes pueden prevenirse. Las causas reportadas ms comunes
de accidentes serios y muertes usando minicargadores de direccin
deslizante son:
1. Ser aplastado por las partes mviles
Reporte de Accidente
Operario Queda Aplastado al Trabajar Bajo un Implemento
Levantado
NIOSH Accidente #3, Publicacin No. 98-117

Despus de arrancar un minicargador de direccin deslizante, el operario levant el cucharn y se col por debajo o
se escal sobre la barra de seguridad para salir de la cabina.
Una vez que estaba afuera, se recost sobre la cabina justo
debajo del cucharn del minicargador. Inesperadamente,
el cucharn baj y aprision el pecho del operario contra el
marco del minicargador, aplastndolo hasta matarlo.
Nunca deje la estacin del operario cuando el
motor est encendido o los brazos de
elevacin estn alzados.

2. Accidentes de Volcaduras
Reporte de Accidente
Operario es Aplastado cuando un Minicargador se Vuelca
Resumen de la Inspeccin de Accidentes de OSHA 107225617

Un rbol haba sido cortado y el operario estaba tratando


de halarlo cuesta arriba con un minicargador de direccin
deslizante. El rbol se movi y caus que el minicargador se
volcara y rodara cuesta abajo. El operario fue expulsado de
la cabina y aplastado hasta la muerte cuando el minicargador
rod sobre l. El operario no estaba usando un cinturn de
seguridad.
Al operarse inadecuadamente, los minicargadores de direccin deslizante pueden volcarse, especialmente si halan carga pesada
o estn operando en terreno en desnivel.

4 - Minicargador de Direccin Deslizante

Aydese
Los hbitos de trabajo seguros son importantes. Aqu hay tres acciones importantes que usted puede tomar para estar seguro en el
rea de trabajo.
1. Aprenda todo lo que pueda.
Para prevenir accidentes con minicargadores de direccin
deslizante, lea y siga las indicaciones en el manual del operario
del equipo. Ponga atencin a las instrucciones de seguridad indicadas en el manual y a las etiquetas que observe en el equipo.
Si usted tiene alguna pregunta, pare y pregntele a su supervisor antes de continuar.
2. Concntrese en trabajar con seguridad.
Algunas veces usted puede estar tentado a tomar atajos riesgosos. Recuerde que un accidente puede dejarlo lesionado permanentemente o acortarle la vida. Para su seguridad y la de los
que lo rodean, no tome riesgos innecesarios. Ninguna fecha de
entrega es tan urgente que usted no pueda tomarse el tiempo
de realizar su trabajo con seguridad.
3. Precauciones Adicionales
No opere ninguna maquinaria si est cansado o ha tomado
medicinas o bebidas alcohlicas. Si est tomando medicinas,
discuta con su doctor o farmacutico si puede ser capaz de
operar maquinaria con seguridad.
Reporte de Accidente
Operario es Expulsado del Minicargador y Atropellado
Resumen de la Inspeccin de Accidentes de OSHA 125340379

El operario de un minicargador de direccin deslizante estaba


conduciendo con una carga de tierra en el cucharn. El minicargador choc contra una piedra y se inclin hacia adelante,
expulsando al operario al suelo. El minicargador atropell al
operario, aprisionndolo debajo de las llantas delanteras. El
operario muri en el sitio. Una investigacin demostr que al
cinturn de seguridad le haca falta la hebilla.
Reporte a su supervisor cualquier pieza del
equipo de seguridad que falte o est daada.

Elija la seguridad
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