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# DISEÑO DE ZAPATA EXTERIOR CON EXCENTRICIDADA VARIABLE

ZAPATA INTERIOR
PD= 54.43 Tn
PL= 19.051 Tn

ZAPATA
INTERIOR

TRAMO 2

hs

COL: b=0.40 m
h=0.25 m
Longitud de viga entre ejes = 3.8m
 S=

qa=
fy=
f'c=
r=
hs=
Long=

1600 kg/m3
2 kg/cm2
4200 kg/cm2
210 kg/cm2
0.1 m
2m
3.8 m

DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA VIGA DE CONEXIÓN

P

24 L

b

VIGA DE

40.4
24 x 3.80

= 0.44 m

ASUMIMOS

b =

CONEXIÓN

h 

L

8

3.80
8

Peso propio de Viga = c x b x h =
P1=

= 0.48 m

0.50m

x 0.50

h =

x 2.40 = 0.60 Tn/m

40.40 Tn
P.p viga

B/2

Re = ?

B
ZAPATA EXTERIOR
ASUMIMOS

Re=1.25xP1 =

Re = 1.25x 40.40

=50.50

Tn

ASUMIMOS PERALTE DELA ZAPATA EXTERIOR
ASUMIMOS

t=40

qe=qa - s*hs - c*hc

cm

AREA DE LA ZAPATA

A

Re

qe

50.50 =3.19
15.84

=20.0 - 1.60
m2

DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA ZAPATA
TANTEANDO
Zap. Exterior
B=
L=

1.13 m
2.82 m

A= 3.19

ASUMIMOS

PARA ESTAS DIMENSIONES CHEQUEAMOS

Re

B = 1.50m
L = 3.00m

QUE SATISFAGA EL EQUILIBRIO ΣMO=0

Re *( Lvig + bcol/2 - B/2 ) - ( P1* Lvig ) - (P.Pviga * Lvig ^2/2) = 0
Re *
Re =

( 3.80 +0.20 - 0.75) -

( 40.40 x3.80) - (0.60

x7.22 ) = 0

48.57 Ton

PRESION TOTAL SOBRE LA ZAPATA
Peso propio de zapata = c xB xL xt =
Se debe verificar

2.40 x 1.50

Re  Ppz
 qa
A

x 3.00

x 0.40

= 4.32

48.57 + 4.32
4.50

###

FINALMENTE TENEMOS EL SIGUIENTE DIAFRAMA DE CARGAS
P1= 40.40 Tn

R2=
W viga

= 0.60 Tn/m

O

CALCULANDO :
R2 = Re - P1 - P.P.viga * Lvig = 0
R2 =

B/2

Re=

48.57

Tn

R2 =

48.57 - 40.40 - (0.60
5.89 Tn

B

GRAFICO CON FACTORES DE CARGA:
Si ReU*( Lvig + bcol/2 - B/2 ) - ( P1* Lvig ) - (P.Pviga * Lvig ^2/2) = 0
Reu * ( 3.80 +0.20 - 0.75) Reu = 76.46 Tn

(63.68 x 3.80)

- (0.90 x7.22

)=0

PU1 =1.5PD+1.8PL=

63.68 Tn

0.20

WVU =1.5xWviga =

qU =

B/2

ReU =

76.46

0.90 Tn/m

50.97 Tn/m

Tn

B

DIAGRAMA DE CORTE
11.43
b=0.40

9.36

+

0.87

-

2.30
0.23

-43.65

2.50

DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTO
-27.76
-8.73

-26.46

-2.56

CALCULO DEL ACERO PRINCIPAL
MU =

MOMENTO NEGATIVO
ASUMIMOS

As 

27.76 Ton-m

a=5.00 cm

MU

  fy  (d  a / 2)

27.76
0.9 x 4200

=19.58 cm2 ;
40

- 2.50

a

As  fy

  fc  b

9 x 4200 0.8  fc  b  d  fy As = 9.654 = 0..80 x 40 -1..45 cm2 0.40 VU = 23..10 x Verificando VU 23.8  fc  b  d  fy As = 19.3 d 2d ..1  VMAX = ZONA1 f 'c  b  d  0.0. a As  fy    fc  b ..RECALCULANDO As  MU    fy  (d  a / 2) As MIN  SI 27.48 cm2 .50 RECALCULANDO As  MU    fy  (d  a / 2) As MIN  SI 13.9 x 4200 0..52 cm2 1 '' +4Φ CALCULO DE LOS ESTRIBOS Hallando el corte critico VU Vu1 VU 43.80 x -2.87 0.88 0..62 210 x 50 < < VMAX CALCULO DEL ESPACIAMIENTO VC    0. 13.2..85 x 2.52 cm2 1 '' +4Φ ( como no hay momento positivo tomamos la mitad del va MU = MOMENTO POSITIVO As  40 USAMOS MOMENTO POSITIVO ASUMIMOS =19.15 210 4200 x 50 USAMOS x 40 0Φ =5.CUMPLE 49...30 210 4200 x 50 x 40 2Φ a As  fy    fc  b =5. a As  fy    fc  b =9...8 cm2 .3 Ton .62 Ton corte maximo que absorve la seccion propuesta VMAX    2.76 0..87 .88 0.9 x 4200 40 =9..00 cm MU    fy  (d  a / 2) 13.53  f 'c  b  d  x 40 =49..88 Ton-m a=5.48 cm2 0.45 cm2 ..

..00 cm 30.05 m 8 @0.1 f ' c  S max  2 S max    Si Vu  V ' u    1.85 x 50 x 1.57 Tn x 40 =13.26 cm ESPACIAMIENTO MAXIMO V 'U    1.05 1 '' +4Φ 3/4'' 1 .85 x 1.71 =1......10 m R @0.25 m ARMADO FINAL DE LA VIGA DE CONEXION 2Φ 1 Φ3/8'' @0...10 VERIFICACION DEL ESPACIAMIENTO "S" ENTRE ESTRIBOS  d  Si Vu  V ' u    1.0 =80 S= V'U 8 * dv = d /4 = 30 cm 20.1 f ' c  S max  d  4 TOMAMOS EL MENOR ESPACIAMIENTO S = POR SISMO 27.10 x 210 =19...VC    0.00 cm NUMERO DE ESTRIBOS USAR ESTRIBOS cm 30cm < # = 80cm 10 Φ3/8'' 80cm .06 AV = 2x0.06 =10.62 ESTRIBOS DE   AV  fy  d  VS F 0..57 x 1000 x 40 0..10 > 19cm L = Longitud de desarrollo Ld = 2xd = 2 x 40.53  f 'c  b  d  VS  VU  VC  USAMOS S 23.BIEN =8 1 @ 0..53 x 210 .43 x 4200 10...13.32 cm 10.85 x 0.1  f 'c  b  d  x 50 x 40 =27.43 Φ3/8'' 0.

8 R @0.80m +4Φ 3/4'' .10 @0.25 8 R Longitud de viga e 0Φ 1 '' 3.

28 Tn ZAPATA EXTERIOR hs COL: b=0.40 m h=0.DADA VARIABLE ZAPATA EXTERIOR PD= 30.12 Tn PL= 10.50 50 cm = 0.25 m ASUMIMOS 50 cm = 0.50 P2 O .

CUMPLE 5.5*B AREA 4.....x 2.00 ......2.89 Tn ..40 x 0..0 ....50 m2 B EQUILIBRIO ΣMO=0 Ton < 20.89 Tn a * Lvig = 0 x 3.4 = 15.80) =5...8 Tn/cm2 2*B a 2.

61 cm OK .18 COMPARANDO CON EL MOMENTO MAS ALTO -0.85 x 210 2.36 Tn -63.36 Tn 9.58 0.3.99 Tn/m 16.36 Tn CONVIRTIENDO REU A DISTRIBUIDA: O qU  Re U  BL qU = 76.P1U .46 R2U = 9.R2U = 9.46 4.7  As  fy    fc  b 19.00 =50.68 .97 Tn/m CALCULANDO : R2U = ReU .18 -0.WVU * Lvig = 0 R2U = 76.50 =16.5% x 4200 x 100 < 5% =4.99 x 3.42 = 9.

30 cm x 100 cm2 Vu2 Vu3 Vu4 ZONA1 ZONA 2 ZONA 3 ZONA 4 0.85 x 210  As  fy    fc  b 9.85 x 210 x 100 3/4'' ### x 4200 = 2.85 x 210 x 100 ### =4.4521 x 4200 = 2. As  fy    fc  b 3/4'' 19.482 x 4200 0.75 L/2 0.79 0.75 R .58 cm cm2 amos la mitad del valor del momento negativo )  As  fy    fc  b 9.22 cm 0.

..BIEN A VIGA DE CONEXION 2Φ Φ3/8'' @0......00 cm 10cm ..05 1 '' +4Φ 3/4'' .62 ASUMIMOS S = x 40 2 =20.Ton cm2 Ton VU S= 23.

10 @0.50m 0Φ 1 '' 0.25 0.@0.50m +4Φ 3/4'' .

96 Ton 0.25 ( 30.1 1.84 CALCULO DE PRESIONES e = M = cm qe = qa-s*hs.11 Ton 1.25 m B= L= t= CALCULO DE LA EXCENTRICIDAD = 1.40 15.40 = 15.3 =59.3.75 Tn.12 Tn.4MD+1.0) =50.25(MD-ML-MS) = 1.11 Ton 1.10 m 2.7 x 10.4 x 30.55 m2 .0 =27.4MD+1.5 x 10.8 = -21.00 + 1. + 10.25 x 0.3 + 0.9MD+1. + 3.9PD+1.0) =-7.11 Ton 1.0 =9.40 x 0.28 Tn PS= 0.7PL P M (+) M (-) A= 1. < 4.25MS = 0.m MS= 0.m 1600 kg/m  S= hs 3 qa= 2.25 x 0.00 Tn ZAPATA EXTERIOR 2 Col.7ML = 1.37m EXCENTRICIDAD CRITICA = ASUMIMOS e = M = = 2.25 ( 10.c*hc = P A  qe e = M = 0.8 =21.5 Ton 0.34 Ton 0.00 Tn.25(MD+ML+MS) = 1.9MD+1.8 + 0.0.50 x 10.1 1.50m2 B = 1.1 1.9 x 10.12 Tn P L= 10.12 .DISEÑO DE ZAPATA EXTERIOR CON EXCENTRICIDADA VARIABLE PD= 30.75 .25 ( 10.2.4PD+1.9 x 30.1 + 1.1 + 1.25(PD+PL+PS) t= 40 20.35m A = 4.3 x 0.0) =17.25PS = 0.34m L= 3.93 Ton 1.25MS = 0.00 m b=0.40 DIMENSIONES YA CALCULAD h=0.6 Ton = 1.0 =-9.6 x 2.8 x 3.9 x 10.m ML= 3.8 x 3.93 Ton 1. MD= 10.00 kg/cm 2 fy= 4200 kg/cm 2 f'c= 210 kg/cm 2 r= hs= COL: t B 0.84 Seccion Calc.50m .1 1.0 DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA ZAPATA 40.7ML = 1.

.75 0.90 < .80 =13.Bien Asumir '' B'' 0.31 +22..85 40 cm x 0.00 Kgr /cm2 ..23 Kgr /cm2 0..87 5..53 f ' c  b t nec  d nec  r  3.5m e hs t B=1....34 x 0.5 40...98    1   l 2   qu  l  Area   Area = = 11...26 < 20.34 x 0.50m qu  l Area     0..25 x 0.d = 1.40 = 22..5 5.17.BIEN ¡ x 100 .75 = 1.66 Ton/m 2 2 VERIFICACION POR CORTE Area = d nec  13.50m 2 VERIFICACION DE LA PRESION EN EL SUELO P Pe B/2   A L  B3 12 1  2  50.P L=3.53 f ' c  b   0..53 x .0...0 VERIFICACION POR PUNZONAMIENTO = 13..40 13...0.90 + 10..98 5.b....75 =18.83 Kgr /cm2 .25 P Pe B/2   A L  B3 12 50.98 '1 < qa + 13.83 t x 0.25 SE DEBE VERIFICARSE QUE 1 = + 17..80 x 1000 210 .66 Ton/m l = B ..30 = 0..66 0.

.50 =28.56x 0. a As  fy    fc  b = 12.85 Ton/m2 L= L2 = 1.21 + 1.23)x 1.. a As  fy    fc  b .8 x 4200 x 210 4200 105 ( 30.21m ( 1   2 )  L2  2  L2 2    2 2 3 MU = (22.59 cm2 .56x 0..58 cm2 .1.1 = 38.L AREA  qu  ( AT  AS ) b   2  1       B  L   2    Area   d/2 B h d/2 d/2 A = 1.50 cm x 210 x 155 < 40 cm ..85x1.BIEN ¡ CALCULO DEL ACERO PRINCIPAL ACERO LONGITUDINAL qu = MU 59..1..83 -1.0 x 100 .9 x 4200 105 ( 30.00 MU    fy  (d  a / 2) 2 =13.9 0.48) x 30 = 8.56 Ton-m 3 cm 13.....50) RECALCULANDO As  MU    fy  (d  a / 2) As MIN  0..1 f ' c  bO t nec  d nec  r   28.10m x 1.28 cm .21 x 2 a = 3..23 + 22.8 2 C+d Area = L/2-h/2-d/2 h+d L/2-h/2-d/2 p p d nec  qu  ( AT  AS )   1.8  fc  b  d  fy 13.0 = 12.0 59.85 x 1000 0.23 2 ASUMIMOS As  1..50 + 10..

28 cm 4200 Φ 1/2'' @ = 1.83 +1.58 ACERO TRANSVERSAL qU 1   2  2 L= MU 22. a As  fy    fc  b .8 x 4200 x 210 100000 ( 30.2.64m 12.88 cm2 .23 =12.64 =15.63m L2 = qu  L2   2 L 2.27 x 100 = 10.1.88 ARMADO FINAL DE LA ZAPATA EXTERIOR Col.88 Ton-m 2 qU ASUMIMOS As  a = 4.9 0.0 = 15.01 cm2 .00 MU    fy  (d  a / 2) cm 15. .03 Ton-m 2 1.0 x 2.27 x 100 = 8.9 x 4200 100000 ( 30.88x 0.51 cm 14.0 x 100 .USAMOS @ = Φ 1/2'' 1.07 cm 12.8  fc  b  d  fy USAMOS 0.77) x 30 = 8.88x 0.00) RECALCULANDO As  MU    fy  (d  a / 2) As MIN  15. a As  fy    fc  b = 14.

50m  1/2 "@ 10 cm L=3.40 0.50 0.50 .00 t=0.25 Φ 1/2 @ 10.0 cm B=1.40 B=1.hs=2.

5 m2 EXCENTRICIDAD SIN SISMO e = M = 21.00m r r B=1.37 m EXCENTRICIDAD CON SISMO (+) e = M = 17.3375 P = 0.93 P =59.50 m 3.25m .6 = 0.5 = -0.9625 P =50.34 m =50.50m L= 3.16 m Ton /cm2 Nueva Seccion Asumimos B = 1.RIABLE L=3.5 EXCENTRICIDAD CON SISMO (-) e = M = 7.50m A = 5.50m SIONES YA CALCULADAS 1.00 m 40 cm 4.

r r 1 ..Bien Asumir '' B'' d l 1   m = 3.90 cm ..

8457 Ton/m L 2 1 a As  fy    fc  b a As  fy    fc  b 0.25 1.85 12.23 + 22.AT  AS )   2 ' 1 '     b  d / 2  (h  d ) 2       B  L   1  x5.28 2 59.96cm .59 x 4200 x 210 x 100 12.85 0.58 x 4200 x 210 x 100 =2.96cm =2.8 x0.

85 15.88 x 4200 x 210 cm x 100 =3.01 x 4200 x 210 x 100 14.50cm .85 1/2'' @ 10 0.1/2'' @ 10 cm L qU a As  fy    fc  b a As  fy    fc  b 0.53cm =3.

10 .0 cm r=0.0 cm Φ1/2'' @ 10.Φ1/2'' @ 10.

1.25(MD+ML+MS) = 0.28 Tn.60m Asumimos .0 =33.4 Ton 0.3 =75.57 m2 B = 1.25MS= 0.40 h=0.0 1.25 x0. + 14.3 x0.c*hc = 24.0 =9.9 x 11.9 x 11.4 x 36.0 =63.8ML = 1.0 1.0 =19.9MD+1.6 x 2.3 .84 CALCULO DE PRESIONES = 2.4PD+1. + 4.28 Tn PS= 0.8 Ton 0.00 m b=0.10 m 2.0.7 Ton 1.7PL = P M (+) M (-) 1.3 =22. .0 =9.40 kg/cm fy= 4200 kg/cm f'c= 210 kg/cm 2 2 r= hs= COL: t 2 L 0.7 1.5MD+1.30m EXCENTRICIDAD CRITICA = ASUMIMOS e = M = 40 cm qe = qa-s*hs.40 x 0.7 x4.7 1.02 Tn.4 x 11.9 Ton 1.84 DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA ZAPATA A P  qe 51 19.3 =22.DISEÑO DE ZAPATA INTERIOR CON EXCENTRICIDADA VARIABLE DATOS PD= 36.25 x0.0) =8. hs 3 qa= 2.25MS= t= e = M = e = M = 0.00 Tn.4 x 11.8ML = 1.3 x0.00 .m MS= 0.25 m CALCULO DE LA EXCENTRICIDAD 1.00 .7 x14.25 ( 11.4.25PS= 0.25(MD+ML+MS) = 1.2.7 x 4.9 x 36.9 Ton 1.9MD+1.m 1600 kg/m  S= Col.00 Tn MD= 11.7 Ton 1.9PD+1.25 x 0.7 Ton 1.0 1.m ML= 4.0 1.72 Tn P L= 14.0 Ton 1.25 ( 37.25 ( 11.1 Ton 0.25(PD+PL+PS) = 1.40 = 19.5MD+1.

50m VERIFICACION DE LA PRESION EN EL SUELO 1  2  P Pe L/2   A B  L3 12 P Pe L/2   A B  L3 12 63..Bien Asumir '' B''   l  13....54 Kgr /cm2 '1 < qa SE DEBE VERIFICARSE QUE 1 = x 1.33 < 1...26 x 1.51 x 1000 0.53 f ' c  b t nec  d nec  r  2..75 t =11.25 x 1.25 51.30 6..86 Kgr /cm2 3.25 3.51 Ton/m l = B/2-b/2-d = qu  l Area     0.19 6.20 .25 3.00 + 15..53 x 210 = 0..54 x 0.33 + 10.75 .85 x .....0 = 12.25 =2....50m t 2 B=2.51 Ton/m 2 2 VERIFICACION POR CORTE Area = d nec  11.00 Kgr /cm2 ..P e hs L=2.26 63.04    1 2  qu  l  Area   Vu = Area = =17.25m 0.14 +17.75 x 100 40 cm .53 f ' c  b   0.25 < 24...0..BIEN ¡ VERIFICACION POR PUNZONAMIENTO L AREA  qu  ( AT  AS ) d/2 h d/2 d/2   2  1    2 ' 1    B  L   2 2    Area   .30 11..26 =14....75 +19 6...0.

  2  1 2  Area   d/2 B h d/2 Area =    B  L    17.82 Ton/m AREA = L (b  d )  2 2   2 ' 1 2   L (b  d )  2 2 b+d 2 1 8.82 x 210 0.27 x 100 8.0 =17.19 cm .00 cm MU    fy  (d  a / 2) 9.86 b+d 2 59..26 d nec  qu  ( AT  AS )    1.... a As  fy    fc  b ( 30..15x 0.0 .15 Ton-m 3 a = 2.8  fc  b  d  fy USAMOS Φ 1/2'' 9.10+ 2.10 x 2 2 =9...10m ( 1   2 )  L2  2  L2 2    2 2 3 MU = (17.54 -2.34 =15.00) RECALCULANDO As  MU    fy  (d  a / 2) As MIN  0.98) 0.85x1..0 .BIEN ¡ CALCULO DEL ACERO PRINCIPAL ACERO LONGITUDINAL qu = MU 59.66 + 10..1 x 250 < = 27.05m x 1.1.9 x 4200 100000 =8.8 x 210 x 100 x 30 =8.34 cm2 ...28 cm 4200 @ = 1.15x 0.82 Ton/m2 L= L2 = 1..66 cm 59.86 2 ASUMIMOS As  1.34 cm2 .1 f ' c  bO t nec  d nec  r  17. a As  fy    fc  b =8.86) x1..14 12.0.9 100000 x 4200 ( 30..66 40 cm .54 + 2.

06 cm2 .20 Ton-m +2.00 cm MU    fy  (d  a / 2) 5.ACERO TRANSVERSAL qU 1   2  2 L= MU = 10.60) 0.28 ARMADO FINAL DE LA ZAPATA INTERIOR Col.20 x 1.62 Ton-m 2 2 a = 2.30 cm 8.62x 0.8 x 210 x 100 x 30 =8.62x 0. a As  fy    fc  b =5.0 . hs=2.9 100000 x 4200 ( 30.0 . a As  fy    fc  b ( 30.40 .8  fc  b  d  fy USAMOS 5.86) 2 1.00) RECALCULANDO As  MU    fy  (d  a / 2) As MIN  0.1.10 =5.00 t=0.54 10.05m qu  L2   2 ASUMIMOS As  (17.13 cm2 .9 x 4200 100000 =5.27 x 100 =15.28 cm 4200 @ = Φ 1/2'' 1.0.

50  1/2 "@ 15 cm L=2.B=2.50 m 0.40 0.50 .25 Φ 1/2 @15 cm B=2.

50m L= 2.30 m 75.7052 P = 0.25m m .684 EXCENTRICIDAD CON SISMO (+) e = M = 19.75 EXCENTRICIDAD CON SISMO (-) e = M = 8.75 = -0.125 P = 0.DA VARIABLE r r EXCENTRICIDAD SIN SISMO e = M = 22.50m A = 6.30 m 63.415 P 63.13 Ton /cm2 Asumimos B = 2.

r r 1 .Bien Asumir '' B'' d l 1  m 1  = 2...33 cm   2 ' 1 '     b  d   (h  d ) 2       B  L   .

34 0.96cm x 100 x 4200 x 100 =1.25 - 8.1    2 ' 1 '     b  d   (h  d ) 2      B  L    x6.96cm .85 x 210 8.85 1/2'' @ 15 8.39 2 L 2 1 a As  fy    fc  b a As  fy    fc  b 0.34 x 210 cm x 4200 =1.26 x 0.14 + 12.

21cm cm =1.19cm .85 x 210 a As  fy    fc  b 0.13 5.85 x 210 1/2'' @ 15 5.06 Φ1/2'' r=0.L 1 a As  fy    fc  b 0.10 x 4200 x 100 x 4200 x 100 cm @ 15 =1.

Φ1/2'' @ 15 cm .

m ML= 0.23 Tn.m .48 Tn.MD= 0.m MD= 0.033 Tn.m MS= 0.23 Tn.48 Tn.m MS= 0.m ML= 0.032 Tn.