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DISEO DE ZAPATA AISLADA CON CARGA CENTRADA

DATOS:

Otros
S/C =
PD =
PL =

PD, PL
210 kg/cm
s/c =
280 kg/cm
50 cm
70 cm

Acero Columna
10 3/4"

t
Df = 1.40

hf =

4200 kg/cm
1.4 m
1600 kg/m
2.50 kg/cm

hc =
T

400 kg/m
180 Tn
100 Tn

Ps =
Pu =

280.00 Tn
422.00 Tn

Zapata
f'c=
Columna
f'c=
b=
t=
Acero
fy=
Suelo
Df =
t =
qa =

t
tT

1.- DIMENSIONAMIENTO DE LA ZAPATA ( Az = S*T )


Clculo del peralte de la zapata (hc )
b ( 3/4" ) =
ld =

2.54 cm
58.89 cm

Tomar

ld =

59.00 cm

Tomar

r.e =
hc =
hc =

10.00 cm
69.00 cm
70.00 cm

ht =

70.00 cm

ld = 0.08 * b * Fy
f 'c^.5

hc = ld + r.e
ht = Df - hc

Longitud de desarrollo en compresin

Clculo de la presin neta del suelo ( qm )

qm = qa - t1*ht - c*hc - s/c


qm =

2.18 kg/cm

Clculo del rea de la zapata ( Az )


Az = Ps
qm
T = Az^.5 + ( t - b )
2
B = Az^.5 - ( t - b )
2
Tomar

Az =
T =
B =

128440.37
368.39 cm
348.39 cm

B=

350.00 cm

cm

Tomar

T=

370.00 cm

USAR B x T = 350.00 x 370.00 m

2.- DETERMINACIN DE LA REACCIN AMPLIFICADA ( qmu )


qum =
qmu = Pu
Az

Tomar

qmu =

3.26

kg/cm

3.26 kg/cm

3.- VERIICACION POR CORTE ( = 0.85 )


Por Flexin:

Lv = ( T - t ) / 2
Vu = qmu * B * ( Lv - d )
Vc = 0.53 * f 'c^.5 * S * d
Vu = vc OK !
r.e = 9 c.m
b
d = hc - r.e

Lv =
r.e =

150.00 cm
9.00 cm

d=
Vu =

61.00 cm
101549

kg

163977.17
139380.59

kg
kg

qmu
Lv

Vc =
vc =

Vu =

101549

kg

Por Punzonamiento:

d/2
b

Vc = 0.27 * 2 + 4 * f 'c^.5 * bo * d
c

c = lado mayor columna ( t )


lado menor columna ( b )

d/2

m = t+d

m=t+d
n=t+b
bo = 2*m + 2*n
Vu = vc OK !

0.27*

m=
n=
Vu =

131.00 cm
111.00 cm
374596.34

c =
bo =

1.4
484 cm

2+4
c

kg

1.31

Vc = 1.04 * f 'c^.5 * bo * d = 560474.863241 kg


vc =
476403.63
kg

Vu =

374596.34

kg

n = b+d

Vu = Pu - qmu * m * n

4.- CALCULO DEL REFUERZO LONGITUDINAL ( = 0.90 )


Direccin Mayor:
Lv = ( T - t ) / 2
Mu = qmu * B * Lv
2
As = Mu / ( * fy * ( d - a/2 ))
a = As * fy / ( 0.85 * f 'c * S )

Lv =
Mu =

cm
kg - cm

150.00
12836250

qmu
As mn = 0.0018 * B * d
As > As mn OK !!

Lv
Mu
B
d
a
As
a

=
=
=
=
=
=

12836250
350.00
61.00
5.0000
58.05
3.9025

As

58.05

cm

As mn

44.1

cm

As

>

As mn

Ab ( 3/4" )
b ( 3/4" )

=
=

2.87
1.91

cm
cm

# Varilla ( n )
# Varilla ( n )

=
=

20.23
20

Varillas
Varillas

Espaciam.

17.5

cm

Ab
# Varilla ( n ) = As
Ab
Espaciam = B - 2*r.e - b
n -1
USAR

kg - cm
cm
cm
cm (Valor Asumido)
cm
cm

OK !!

USAR 20 3/4" @ 17.5 cm

Direccin Menor:
As tranv = As * T
S
As mn = 0.0018 * B * d
As > As mn OK !!

As trv. =

60.68 cm

As mn =

46.62 cm

USAR

As trv
Ab
# Varilla ( n ) = As
Ab
Espaciam = B
n

>

60.68 cm

As trv. =

As mn

OK !!

Ab ( 3/4" )
b ( 3/4" )

=
=

2.87
1.91

cm
cm

# Varilla ( n )
# Varilla ( n )

=
=

21.14
21

Varillas
Varillas

Espaciam.

17.62

cm

USAR

ld = b * fy *
3.54 * f 'c^.5 * C + Kr
b

<

Lv1

Lv1 = Lv - r.e

21 3/4" @ 17.6 cm

C
Kr
b (3/4")
r.e

=
=
=
=
=
=
=
=

1.00
1.00
0.80
1.00
8.50
0.00
1.91
7.50

cm

ld

28.11

cm

Longitud de desarrollo en traccin

ld =
28.11 cm
<
Lv1 =
142.50
La Zapata es rectangular se debe compartir el Refuerzo adecuadamente de la siguiente manera:
Asc = 2 * Astrv
( + 1 )

Astrv =
=
Ab ( 3/4" ) =
b (3/4") =
r.e =

= Lado mayor Zapata


Lado menor Zapata

Asc =
# Varilla ( n ) =
# Varilla ( n ) =

Ab
# Varilla ( n ) = As
Ab

Espaciam. =

60.68
1.06
2.87
1.91
7.50

cm

cm

cm
cm
cm

Asc

58.91 cm
20.53 Varillas
20 Varillas
17.53 cm

Espaciam mx.

Espaciam = B - 2*r.e - b
n -1

3 * hc =

USAR

45 cm
210 cm

>

17.53

cm

OK !!

20 3/4" @ 17.5 cm

Se utiliza 20 varillas en la FRANJA CENTRAL de B= 3.40m de ancho y el remanente se


distribuye en los costados Equitativamente

5.- VERIFICACION DE LA CONEXIN COLUMNA - ZAPATA


Para la seccin A colim = 70*50 = 3500 cm ( COLUMNA )
* 0.85 * f 'c * As1
A colum = b *t
Pu < ( * 0.85 * f 'c * A1)
Ab
As mn = 0.005 * A1
# Varilla = As1

422000
3500
583100

kg
cm
kg

17.5
2.87

cm
cm

As1 =

17.5

cm

# Varilla ( n ) =
# Varilla ( n ) =

6.1
5

Varillas
Varillas

Pu =
A colum =
* 0.85 * f 'c * As1 =
As mn =
Ab ( 3/4" ) =
USAR

Ab
As col. > As mn OK !!

Dato del Problema 10 3/4" - Columna


# Varilla columna =
10
Varillas

( 5 3/4" )

As colum >= As mn

OK !!

en compresin

400.00 kg/cm
70.00 cm

70.00 cm

OK !!

OK !!

OK !!

Longitud de desarrollo en traccin


OK !!

Asc

OK !!

m de ancho y el remanente se

CIMENTACIONES SUPERFICIALES
1.- ZAPATAS COMBINADAS

Peso especifico del Suelo

t
b

=
=
=
Pd =
Pl =
qa =
F'c =
F'c =
Fy =

t =
c =

Peso especifico del Concreto


Profundidad de Desplante
Df =
Sobrecarga
s/c =
Longitud Entre Caras de Columnas

Columna 1
0.40 mt.
0.40 mt.
3/4 Plg.
20.00 Ton
12.00 Ton
2.00 Kg/cm2
280.00 Kg/cm2
210.00 Kg/cm2
4200.00 Kg/cm2

Columna 2
0.60 mt.
0.40 mt.
3/4 Plg.
38.00 Ton
18.00 Ton

2400.00
1.20
500.00
4.00

Kg/m3
mt.
Kg/m2
mt.

t2
0.60

1.20

PD2
PL2

m
Df =
44.00 cm.

hc = ld +10

hc =

54.00 cm.

ht = Df - hc

ht =

55 cm.

qn =

1.70 k/cm2

65.00

Resultante De Cargas
xR = 20 P1 + 470 P2

P1 =

32.00 Ton

R = P1 + P2

P2 =
x=

56.00 Ton
306.00 cm.

L = 2x

L=

612.00 cm.

610.00

B = (P1 + P2)/qn L
Cuando s/c = 500 k/cm2 Verificamos qn

B=

85.00 cm.

100.00

x' = (20 P'1 + 470 P2)/ (P'1 + P2)

P'1 =

26.00 Ton

x'=

327.00 cm.

e=

21.00 cm.

Ps =

82,000 kg.

q=

1.67 k/cm2

kg/m

ht =

55.00 cm

1.20 m
hc =

Presin Neta

q = Ps/Az + Me/I
q = Ps/Az + Ps e c /I
Ps = P'1 + P2

4.00

S/C = 500.00

ld =

e = x' - x

t1
0.40

1800.00 Kg/m3

Peralte:

qn = qa - t ht - c hc s/c

PD1
PL1

1.- Dimensionamiento de la Zapata

ld = 0.08 db Fy / Fc

b2

Lado Mayor de la Columna


Lado Menor de la Columna
Refuerzo de la Columna:
Carga Muerta
Carga Viva
Capacidad Portante del Suelo
F'c en Columna
F'c en Zapata
Esfuerzo de Fluencia Acero

b1

Datos:

65.00 cm

q < qn
x'' = (20 P1 + 470 P'2)/ (P1 + P'2)

e = x - x''
q = Ps/Az + Ps e c /I
Ps = P1 + P'2

OK
P'2 =
x''=

47.00 Ton
288.00 cm.

e=

18.00 cm.

Ps =

79,000 kg.

q=
q < qn

1.52 k/cm2
OK

2.- Diseo En Direccin Longitudinal


qm = P1 + P2 / Az

qm =

14,426 k/m2

Por Unidad De Longitud

qm =

14,426 k/m

Factor De Amplificacin
F= (1.4 D + 1.7 L) / (D + L)

F=

1.50

Verificamos El Corte Por Flexin


d = hc -9

d=

Vu = Vcargas - qm (0.30 + d)

Vc = 0.53 F'c b d

56.00 cm.

Vcargas=

35,802 k

Vu =
1.5 Vu =

23,396 k
35,094 k

Vc =

43,010 k

0.85 Vc =
1.5Vu < 0.85 Vc

36,559 k
OK

Corte Por Punzonamiento


a).- Columna Exterior
Vu = 1.5 (Pu - q m m n)

m=
n=
Vu =

0.68 m.
0.96 m.
33,874 k

bo =

232.00 cm.

Aporte del Concreto


Vc = 0.27 (2 + 4/Bc ) F'c bo d
bo = 2 (m+n)
Bc = Relacin de lados de la columna
Bc = t/b

Bc =
Vc =

1.00
305,001 k

0.85 Vc =
Vc = 1.10 F'c bo d

259,251 k

Vc =

207,099 k

0.85 Vc =
Vu < 0.85 Vc

176,034 k
OK

a).- Columna Interior


Vu = 1.5 (Pu - q m m n)

m=
n=
Vu =

1.16 m.
0.96 m.
59,903 k

bo =

424.00 cm.

Aporte del Concreto


Vc = 0.27 (2 + 4/Bc ) F'c bo d
bo = 2 (m+n)
Bc = Relacin de lados de la columna
Bc = t/b

Bc =

1.50

Vc =

433,545 k

0.85 Vc =

368,513 k

Vu < 0.85 Vc

OK

Calculo de Esfuerzos Tramo Central


x qm - P1
Mu = qm x2 /2 - P1 x1

As = Mu / Fy ( d a/2 )

Nuevo a = As Fy / 0.85* F'c b

Asmin = 0.0018 b h

x=

2.22 m.

Mu =

29,149.00 k - m

1.5 Mu =

43,724.00 k - m

a=

5.00 cm.

As =

21.62 cm2

a=

5.09 cm2

As =

21.64 cm2

Asmin =

11.70 cm2

As =
Varilla
As =

21.64 cm2
3/4 Plg.
8

Final

3/4 @

12.50 cm.

Refuerzo Por Debajo De Columna Interior


Mu = q m L2 /2

As = Mu / Fy ( d a/2 )

Nuevo a = As Fy / 0.85* F'c b

Asmin = 0.0018 b h

L=
Mu =
1.5 Mu =

1.1 m
8,728.00 K-m
13,092.00 K-m

a=

5.00 cm.

As =

6.47 cm2

a=

1.52 cm2

As =

1.66 cm2

Asmin =

11.70 cm2

As =
Varilla

11.70 cm2
5/8 Plg.

As =

Final

3.- Diseo De Direccin Transversal


Zapata Exterior
q un = Pu / Az

q un =

7.12 k/cm2

Pu = 1.4xPd + 1.7xPl
Mu = q nu B L2 /2
B = t + d/2
L = ( B - b )/2

B=
L=
Mu =

As = Mu / Fy ( d a/2 )

Nuevo a = As Fy / 0.85* F'c b

68 cm.
30 cm.
217,800 k - cm

a=

5.00 cm.

As =

1.08 cm2

a=

0.37 cm2

5/8 @

16.70 cm.

Asmin = 0.0018 b h

As =

1.03 cm2

Asmin =

7.96 cm2

As =
Varilla

7.96 cm2
5/8 Plg.

As =

Final

5/8 @

17.00 cm.

Zapata Interior
q un = Pu / Az

q un =

7.22 k/cm2

Pu = 1.4xPd + 1.7xPl
Mu = q nu B L2 /2
B = t + d/2
L = ( B - b )/2

B=
L=

116 cm.
30 cm.

Mu =
As = Mu / Fy ( d a/2 )

a=

5.00 cm.

As =

1.86 cm2

a=

0.38 cm2

As =

1.79 cm2

Asmin =

13.57 cm2

As =
Varilla

13.57 cm2
5/8 Plg.

Nuevo a = As Fy / 0.85* F'c b

Asmin = 0.0018 b h

376,884 k - cm

As =

A1 =

1,600 cm2

4.- Verificacin Conexin Zapata Columna


Columna Exterior

0.85 F'c A1 =

266,560 k

Pu =

48,400 k

Pu < 0.85 F'c A1

OK

Columna Interior
A1 =

2,400 cm2

0.85 F'c A1 =

299,880 k

Pu =
Pu < 0.85 F'c A1

83,800 k
OK

Final

5/8 @

16.60 cm.

5.- Detalle de Refuerzo


a).- Espaciamientos
Espaciamiento Minimo = 45 cm.

Esp Min =

45 cm

3h=

195 cm

Columna 1
=
=
=
=
c=
k=
db =
db =

1.30
1.00
0.80
1.00
6.05
0.00
3/4 Plg
1.91 cm

c+k/ db =

6.05

c+k/ db =

2.5

>
>
>

d).- Longitud De Desarrollo


ld = db / 354 Fy / Fc /(c+k/ db)

c+k/ db < 2.5

c+k/ db < 2.5

ld =

65.00 cm

Columna 2
=
=
=
=
c=
k=
db =
db =

1.00
1.00
0.80
1.00
6.05
0.00
5/8 Plg
1.59 cm

c+k/ db =

6.05

c+k/ db =

2.5

ld =
cyd)

42.00 cm

ld =

42.00 cm

Asmin =
Varilla

11.70 cm2
5/8 Plg.

>

e).- Colocamos Reuerzo Minimo


Asmin = 0.0018 b h

As =

f).- Refuerzo De Montaje en Forma De Esfuerzo

5/8 @

16.70 cm.

3/8" Para Refuerzo <= 3/4"


1/2" Para Refuerzo >= 3/4"
@ Max 45 cm.

CIMENTACIONES SUPERFICIALES
1.- ZAPATAS CONECTADAS
Datos:
Lado Mayor de la Columna
Lado Menor de la Columna
Refuerzo de la Columna:
Carga Muerta
Carga Viva
Capacidad Portante del Suelo
F'c en Columna
F'c en Zapata
Esfuerzo de Fluencia Acero

t
b

=
=
=
Pd =
Pl =
qa =
F'c =
F'c =
Fy =

t =
Peso especifico del Concreto c =
Peso especifico del Suelo

Profundidad de Desplante
Sobrecarga
Distancia entre Ejes

Df =
s/c =
Lc =

Columna 1
0.50 mt.
0.50 mt.
5/8 Plg.
50.00 Ton
30.00 Ton
2.40 Kg/cm2
210.00 Kg/cm2
210.00 Kg/cm2
4200.00 Kg/cm2

Columna 2
0.50 mt.
0.50 mt.
3/4 Plg.
80.00 Ton
50.00 Ton

1700.00 Kg/m3
2400.00
1.80
500.00
600.00

Kg/m3
mt.
Kg/m2
cm

1.- Dimensionamiento de la Zapata

Peralte:

ld = 0.08 db Fy / Fc

ld =

37.00 cm.

hc = ld +10

hc =

47.00 cm.

ht = Df - hc

ht =

130 cm.

qn =

2.01 k/cm2

50.00

Presin Neta

qn = qa - t ht - c hc s/c
Zapata Exterior
Calculo de P'2
Tanteo excentricidad

e=

40.00 cm.

P'2 = P1 e / Lc

P'2 =

5,714.00 K

Az = P1 + P'2 / qm

Az =

42,644.00 cm2

b=

146.00 cm.

e=

48.00 cm.

Az = 2 b2
Nuevo e = b/2 - t/2

P'2 =

6,957.00 K

Az =

43262.00 cm2

b=

147.00 cm.

150.00

Az =
e=
P'2 =

150.00 x
50.00 cm.
7,273.00 K

300.00

ld = 0.08 db Fy / Fc

ld =

44.00 cm.

hc = ld +10

hc =

54.00 cm.

Resumen :

Zapata Interior

60.00

ht = Df - hc

ht =

120.00 cm.

Presin Neta

qn = qa - t ht - c hc s/c

qn =

Az = P2 - P'2 / qm

Az =

61,364.00 cm2

b=

248.00 cm.

250.00

250.00 x

250.00

Az = b2

2.00 k/cm2

Az =

Viga Conexin
h = Lc / 7

h=

86.00 cm.

85.00

b = P1 / 31 Lc

b=

43.00 cm.

45.00

2.- Diseo Viga De Conexin


Peso Propio De La Viga Wv = b x h x c

Wv =

9.18 k/cm

Mu = P'2 L + Wv L2 /2
P'2 = P1 e

P'2 L =

6,050,000

L = Lc - t1/2 - t2/2

L=
Mu =

550
7,438,475 K-cm

As = Mu / Fy ( d a/2 )

Nuevo a = As Fy / 0.85* F'c b

Asmin = 0.8 F'c/ Fy b d

a=

5.00 cm.

As =

25.72 cm2

a=

13.45 cm2

As =

27.23 cm2

Asmin =

9.81 cm2

As =
Varilla

27.23 cm2
1
Plg.

As =

Vu = P'2 + Wv L

P'2 =

11,000.00

P'2 = P1 e/ L

Vu =

16,049.00 Kg

Vc =
0.85 Vc =

27,304.00 Kg
23,208.00 Kg

Final

Verficamos Por Corte

Vc = 0.53 F'c b d

Vu < 0.85 Vc

OK

3.- Diseo Zapata Exterior


qmu = P1 + P'2 / Az

P1 =
qmu =

Corte Por Flexin

121,000.00
2.93 k/cm2

Vu = qmu ( L - d ) B

L=

125.00 cm.

L = ( B - b )/2

Vc = 0.53 F'c b d

Vu =

36,918.00 Kg

Vc =

47,235.00 Kg

0.85 Vc =

40,150.00 Kg

Vu < 0.85 Vc
Mu = qmu B L2 /2

OK
Mu =

As = Mu / Fy ( d a/2 )

Nuevo a = As Fy / 0.85* F'c b

Asmin = 0.0018 b h

3,433,594.00 K-cm

a=

5.00 cm.

As =

23.59 cm2

a=

3.70 cm2

As =

23.20 cm2

Asmin =

13.50 cm2

As =
Varilla

23.20 cm2
5/8 Plg.

As =

12

Final

Final

5/8 @

11.90 cm.

5/8 @

21.40 cm.

En La Otra Direccin
Asmin = 0.0018 b h

Asmin =
Varilla

27.00 cm2
5/8 Plg.

As =

14

P2 =

197,000.00

4.- Diseo De La Zapata Interior


qmu = P2 - P'2 / Az

qmu =

2.98 k/cm2

Corte Por Flexin


Vu = qmu ( L - d ) B

L=

100.00 cm.

L = ( B - b )/2

Vc = 0.53 F'c b d

Vu =

36,505.00 Kg

Vc =

97,925.00 Kg

0.85 Vc =

83,236.00 Kg

Vu < 0.85 Vc

OK

Corte Por Punzonamiento


Vu = Pu - q mu m n

Pu =

186,000.00

Pu = P2 - P'2

m=
n=
Vu =

101 m.
175.5 m.
133,178.00 k

m=b+d
n = (B - b)/2 + b + d/2
Vc = 0.27 (2 + 4/Bc ) F'c bo d
bo = m+ 2n
Bc = Relacin de lados de la columna
Bc = t/b

bo =
Bc =
Vc =

452.00 cm.
1.00
541,169.00 k

0.85 Vc =

459,994.00 k

Vc =

367,461.00 k

0.85 Vc =

312,342.00 k

Vc = 1.10 F'c bo d

Vu < 0.85 Vc

OK

Refuerzo
Mu = qmu B L2 /2

Mu =

As = Mu / Fy ( d a/2 )

a=

5.00 cm.

As =

20.32 cm2

a=

1.91 cm2

As =

19.69 cm2

Asmin =

27.00 cm2

As =
Varilla

27.00 cm2
5/8 Plg.

Nuevo a = As Fy / 0.85* F'c b

Asmin = 0.0018 b h

3,725,000.00 K-cm

As =

14

A1 =

2500.00 cm2

Final

5/8 @

5.- Verificacion Del Aplastamiento


Columna Exterior

0.85 F'c A1 =

312,375.00 K.

Pu =

186,000.00 k

Pu < 0.85 F'c A1

OK

6.- Detalle De Refuerzo


a).- Espaciamientos
Espaciamiento Minimo = 45 cm.

Esp Min =

45 cm

3h=
3h=

150 cm
180 cm

b).- Longitud De Desarrollo


ld = db / 3.54 Fy / Fc /(c+k/ db)
Columna 1
=
=
=
=
c=
k=
db =
db =

c+k/ db < 2.5

1.00
1.00
0.80
1.00
6.00
0.00
5/8 Plg
1.59 cm

c+k/ db =

c+k/ db =

2.5

ld =
Columna 2

42.00 cm

>
>
>

17.40 cm.

=
=
=
=
c=
k=
db =
db =
c+k/ db =

c+k/ db =

2.5

ld =
cyd)

1.00
1.00
0.80
1.00
6.00
0.00
5/8 Plg
1.59 cm

ld =

42.00 cm
42.00 cm

d).- Acero Inferior


As = Asup / 2
Asmin = 0.8 F'c/ Fy b d

As =
Asmin =

9.81 cm2

As =

ld = 0.08 db Fy / Fc

db =
ld =

3/4
44.00 cm.

f).- Estribos De Montaje a d/2

d/2 =

39.50 cm.

>

LOSA DE CIMENTACIN

210 kg/cm

40 cm
40 cm

4.50

b=
h=

3.30 m
C

2.45

m
Columna
f'c=

5.40 m

2.9 m
A

0.200

DATOS:

Acero
m

f y = 4200 kg/cm

9.80

0.90 m
1700 kg/m
1.40 kg/cm

4.50

450 kg/m
1.00 kg/cm
2.85

TONELADAS
PL
Ps
25
70.00
30
90.00
30
90.00
30
90.00

0.60

COLUMNA

Df =
m =
qa =
Otros
S/C =
Ks =

4.50

Suelo

1
2
3
4

PD
45
60
60
60

5
6
7
8

100
70
60
70

40
30
30
30

140.00

208.00

100.00

149.00

90.00

135.00

100.00

149.00

60

30

90.00

135.00

Pu

105.50

135.00

5.40 m

0.2

135.00

5.40 m

0.60 m

135.00

860.00

11.60 m

s/c = 450 kg/m

Df =

0.90 m

hm = 40.00 cm
t = 50.00 cm

MTODO A USAR:
=

3 * Ks ^ ( 1/4 )
E * t
E = 15000 * raiz( f 'c)
1.75

t=
E=

50.00
217370.65
0.00324
540.12

cm
kg/cm
cm
cm

1.- AREA DE LA LOSA ( A = BxL )


Clculo de rea:
A= BxL

11.60 m
9.80 m
113.68 m

L=
B=
A=

Clculo de la presin neta del suelo ( qm )


qm = qa - m*hm - gc*hc - s/c
1.17 kg/cm

qm =
Presin por debajo de puntos perimetrales
x'=

ex=x' -

ey=y' -

B/2

B/2

5.79

ex =

-0.01 =

y'=

4.943 m

ey =

0.043

-1 cm

4 cm

Lc =

540.00

450.00

cm

Mtodo RIGIDO

LUEGO:

q=

Pu
A

M XY
IX

MY X
IY

Pu = 1.4*PD + 1.7 * PL

IX=

Pu=

BxL 3
12

I y=

LxB
12

1286500

Kg

9.098E+10

cm4

Iy= 1274.731733 =

1.275E+11

cm4

Ix=

909.82

M X =Pue y

Mx =

5146000

kg-cm

M y =Pue x

My =

1286500

kg-cm

Pu/A=

1.132

ENTONCES:

q=

1.132

My*X=

0.00001

Mx*Y=

0.00006

0.00001

0.00006

PROCESAMOS UNA TABLA


PUNTO

4.-

Pu/A

(Kg/cm2)

(cm)

1.132

-580

0.006

490

0.028

1.165

1.132

-290

0.003

490

0.028

1.162

1.132

250

-0.003

490

0.028

1.157

1.132

580

-0.006

490

0.028

1.154

1.132

-580

0.006

245

0.014

1.151

1.132

580

-0.006

245

0.014

1.140

1.132

-580

0.006

-205

-0.012

1.126

1.132

580

-0.006

-205

-0.012

1.114

1.132

-580

0.006

-490

-0.028

1.110

1.132

-290

0.003

-490

-0.028

1.107

1.132

250

-0.003

-490

-0.028

1.101

1.132

580

-0.006

-490

-0.028

1.098

0.00001

0.00006

(cm)

q
(kg/cm2)

COMPAREMOS LAS PRESIONES CALCULADOS CON LA PRESION NETA DEL SUELO

qq n OK !!
5.-

CALCULAMOS EL PERALTE DE LA LOSA A PARTIR DEL CORTE POR PUNZOMANIENTO


n = 40+d
+d

Verificacin del corte por punzonamiento


COLUMNA 14

+
55.3630 d
d1 =
43.92 cm
d2 =
-84.77 cm

40
2261.1303 d

### = 0

40

Pu =

Vu = Pu - qm * n * m
Vc = 1.1 * raiz ( f 'c ) * b * d
bo = 2*m + 2*n
Vu = *Vc
d = -b raiz(b-4ac)
2a
d = ??

d=

208000.00

kg

Pu = 1.4*PD + 1.7 * PL

m = 40 + d

44.00 cm

n = 40 + d

COLUMNA 2

COLUMNA 1

45.00

cm

1695.8477

###

=0

40

+
27.6815 d
d1 =
45.18 cm
d2 =
-106.45 cm

40

Pu =

Vu = Pu - qm * n * m
Vc = 1.1 * raiz ( f 'c ) * b * d
bo = 2*m + 2*n
Vu = *Vc
d = -b raiz(b-4ac)
2a
d = ??

d=

135000.00

kg

Pu = 1.4*PD + 1.7 * PL

m = 40 + d/2

Tomamos t=

d=

55.00

cm

d=

65.00

cm

1130.5651

###

=0
40

n = 40 + d/2

+
13.8408 d
d1 =
54.84 cm
d2 =
-136.53 cm

40

Pu =

Vu = Pu - qm * n * m
Vc = 1.1 * raiz ( f 'c ) * b * d
bo = 2*m + 2*n
Vu = *Vc
d = -b raiz(b-4ac)
2a
d = ??
USAR

105500.00

kg

Pu = 1.4*PD + 1.7 * PL

m = 40 + d/2

65.00 cm

Verificamos la condicion de diseo:


=

3 * Ks
E * t

^ ( 1/4 )
E=
=
1.75 /=

E = 15000 * raiz( f 'c)


1.75

6.-

Lc =

540

450

cm

Mtodo RIGIDO

CALCULAMOS EL FACTOR DE MODIFICACION DE CARGA "F" PARA CADA FRANJA

FRANJA
A
B
C
D
E
F
E
F
G
H
G
H
I
J
K
L
A
B
J
I
G
E
B
C
J
K
C
D
F
H
K
L
7.-

217371 kg/cm
0.00266 cm
658
cm
>

qprom

1.165
1.162
1.157
1.154
1.151
1.140
1.151
1.140
1.126
1.114
1.126
1.114
1.110
1.107
1.101
1.098
1.165
1.162
1.107
1.110
1.126
1.151
1.162
1.157
1.107
1.101
1.157
1.154
1.140
1.114
1.101
1.098

CP

1.155

245

1160

P1
P2
P3

375500

351853.9

F
1

1.133

450

1160

P4
P5
P6

492000

541665

1.10

1.109

285

1160

P7
P8
P9

419000

392886

1.38

1.137

290

980

P1
P4
P7

375500

349309

1.132

540

980

P2
P5
P8

492000

545497

1.11

1.127

330

980

P3
P6
P9

419000

391788

EFECTUAMOS EL DISEO DE LA LOSA CONSIDERANDO POR CUESTIONES ACADEMICOS


UNA SOLA FRANJA:
Tomamos la franja EFGH. En primer lugar determinamos el diagrama de fuerzas cortantes
y momentos flectores a partir del modelo estructural mostrado.

P4s =

148.6276

Tn

P5s =

228.9966

Tn

P6s =

164.0409

Tn

q2m
q1m
0.2

q qG
q1 b E

q 2=b

q F+ q H
2

podemos trabajar con

5.40

5.40

q1

512 K/cm

q2

507 K/cm

q=W =

510 K/cm

51 Tn/m

0.60 m

3.60

OK!!

136972.4

kg

183375.7 kg

calculo de x;x'

10200.00 kg

x
2.71

+
-

x'
1.80

x=

51000
138428
2.71

x'=

51000
92024.3
1.8

-3060.0

kg

-92024.276598 kg
-138427.63 kg

Vmax= 183375

kg

-18684479

kg - cm

M
-32970399.74

kg - cm

+
102000 kg - cm
3090
290920.2

Verificacamos el corte por flexin


Vu = Vmax - qm *d
Vu=

144615

Vc=0.53*raiz(fc')^0.5*b*d
Vc=
0.85 Vc =

193547
164514.8

Vu < 0.85 Vc

OK!!

Mu=

kg - cm

REFUERZO SUPERIOR:
32970399.74

As = Mu / Fy ( d a/2 )
a=
As =

5.00 cm.
163.03

cm2

Nuevo a = As Fy / 0.85* F'c b


a=
Asmin = 0.8 F'c/ Fy b d

8.52

Asmin =

53 cm2
As = 163.03 cm2 Final
Vari
1 Plg.
As =

40

kg - cm

kg - cm

COLUMNAS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

Ps
(Tn)
55
90
90
75
100
210
210
130
100
235
235
130
100
245
245
130
115
125
125
145

Q=

2890

X
(m)
0.25
5.75
11.25
16.75
0.25
5.75
11.25
16.75
0.25
5.75
11.25
16.75
0.25
5.75
11.25
16.75
0.25
5.75
11.25
16.75

Y
(m)
19.75
19.75
19.75
19.75
14.95
14.95
14.95
14.95
10.15
10.15
10.15
10.15
5.35
5.35
5.35
5.35
0.55
0.55
0.55
0.55

Ps X
(Tn-m)
13.75
517.50
1012.50
1256.25
25.00
1207.50
2362.50
2177.50
25.00
1351.25
2643.75
2177.50
25.00
1408.75
2756.25
2177.50
28.75
718.75
1406.25
2428.75

25720.00

Ps Y
(Tn-m)
1086.25
1777.5
1777.5
1481.25
1495
3139.5
3139.5
1943.5
1015
2385.25
2385.25
1319.5
535
1310.75
1310.75
695.5
63.25
68.75
68.75
79.75
27077.5

1.1316854328