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[Student’s Last Name]1

Katie Marsden
Bruce Hanson
SLHS 424 Stuttering
30 July 2015

Common Myths about Stuttering
Stuttering is a complex speech disorder that is very often misunderstood. Not only has it
been a long subject of scientific inquiry but has also amassed many myths and superstitions to
explain its origin or cause. Today we now know that stuttering is a worldwide phenomenon
found in all cultures and languages; varying from one person to the next. We also know that the
impact of stuttering can be severe on a person’s emotional and functional state. Regardless of
many debunked myths, many still linger on, imbedded in people’s subconscious minds. In order
for the public to better understand the nature of stuttering as a disorder of speech control, it is our
job as an SLP to be proactive in finding ways to spread awareness and end common
misconceptions.
Studies have continually reported that the general public, and even speech pathologists
and teachers, tend to have inaccurate knowledge about stuttering and often hold negative
attitudes toward people who stutter (Ginsberg, 2000). In this paper I will address and disprove

some of the common myths surrounding stuttering and generate some ideas on how SLPs can
better educate the public about stuttering. I will first address common misconceptions that still
reflect in the public’s perception and attitude
People who stutter are less intelligent than their non-stuttering peers:
Studies show no link between stuttering and a person’s intellectual make-up. The fact
that there are teachers, lawyers, doctors, and many other people who stutter that work
in fields which require an intelligent mind, is proof alone that this is a big

” Studies have shown that PWS are no more nervous than their non-stuttering peers by nature. we saw in class 2. could be hereditary. in general. 2014). People who stutter are more shy/nervous/self-conscious than their non-stuttering peers As Guitar noted. Even evidence to suggest stutterers have a lower school performance than their peers are not accurate in assuming a positive link to stuttering. Studies such as these are backed by neurological studies that prove there is a physiological phenomenon happening. People who stutter cannot be good communicators The idea that stutters cannot be great communicators is laughable. 1. None of these studies have shown these to have an effect on a stutterer’s intelligence. with environmental and emotional triggering factors (National Stuttering Association.[Student’s Last Name]2 misconception. “A person’s feelings can be as much a part of the disorder of stuttering as his speech behaviors (9). People who stutter can control their stuttering . For example. Many findings give better explanation and reasoning to lower test scores. 2014) which would have an impact on a person’s academic performance. and speech motivators that stuttered or continue to stutter that defy people’s expectations of what people who stutter can do. There are a number of famous politicians. such as findings about stutterers having poorer central auditory processing and sensory feedback (Barry Guitar. However more recent studies are finding that those who stutter might possibly have higher trait anxiety. We know that stuttering is mostly physiological. actors.

The cause of stuttering is because of bad parenting Initial attitudes on the parents of PWS thought that the cause of stuttering stemmed from “critical and perfectionistic” parents and their parenting style (69). 2014) Much has been discovered in the last century about stuttering and brain activity. and that some children might be predisposed to stuttering (26)... done at the University of Iowa in the 1950’s. suggested that parents of children who stutter are more critical and perfectionistic (69). 3.” . It’s now known that the brain of people who stutter and non-stutterers are structured and function differently. “Some neuroimaging data support the idea that people who stuter may have aberrant connections relative to fluent speakers. Stammering in young children (Louw. They think it is a small interruption of the speech flow. Earlier research done on parents helped to shape the public’s opinion of stuttering. causing the speaker to feel vaguely inconvenienced and that sometimes it is done deliberately for effect. New research validates these old claims and reports in concurance that there is less activity in the left-hemisphere and overactivity in the right hemisphere during fluent and non-fluent speech. . Early research done on parents and their effect on their children who stutter. Family studies have provided strong evidence to suggest that stuttering is often inherited. Neuroimaging also has shown the reducement of right-brain overactivation and the switching over to left-brain activation after speech therapy.[Student’s Last Name]3 “People who are not familiar with stammering have no idea what it is like to have a fullblown adult stammer.Ann Irwin. Little do they know. Even studies as early as the 1920’s found that the brain of people who stutter function differently. primarily in the left hemisphere that involves a major white-matter tract. According to The Dana Foundation. However more recent studies find mixed results and criticize the Iowa study for not using control groups which skews the data.

D. Stuttering: An Integrated Approach to Its Nature and Treatment.com/: http://copingwithstuttering. Retrieved from westutter. a Wolters Dluer Business. August 23). Coping with Stuttering . P. (2014).org/who-we-help/common-myths-about-stuttering/ . Baltimore: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.westutter.com/2010/02/background-andmisconceptions_07.org/Cerebrum/2011/Using_Brain_Imaging_to_Unravel_the_Mysteries_of_Stu ttering/  Louw. Works Cited  Barry Guitar. Obviously you need a conclusion but thanks for letting me read it. (2014. Retrieved from http://copingwithstuttering.blogspot.  Chang. You already have the work cited in progress! I always leave it until last because they are such a drag. September 24). P.blogspot. Using Brain Imaging to Unravel the Mysteries of Stuttering.-E. Common Myths about Stuttering. Retrieved from dana.org: http://dana.org: http://www. (2011. (2014). S.[Student’s Last Name]4 Good facts! It reads easy.html  National Stuttering Association. nice job for being pro-active about it.