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A pesar de que el libro lbum es un


fenmeno editorial relativamente
reciente, sus orgenes se remontan,
segn diversos expertos, a mediados
del siglo XVII. Alrededor del ao
1650, el pedagogo Comenius public
un libro llamado Orbis sensualium
pictus, que utilizaba la imagen
como un medio para atraer a los
nios hacia el mundo del aprendizaje.
A partir de este momento, y en
funcin de las posiblidades que las

una novedad?

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10

11

12

13

Siempre ha existido una


preocupacin sobre cmo leer
un texto escrito. Al leer una
novela, por ejemplo, sabemos
que hay varios elementos que
debemos considerar para hacer
una buena lectura: el tipo de
narrador, el tiempo del relato,
personaje principal, personajes
secundarios, la trama, etc. Se
trata de elementos continuos
que forman, por as decirlo,
la estructura de la novela. Por
14

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16

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20

21

22

23

una nueva herramienta

Que los nios y jvenes no leen ha


pasado a ser una frase recurrente
en el mundo adulto, casi como una

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disculpa frente a las dificultades a

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las que se enfrentan los educadores.

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Cmo convertir este problema en

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un desafo?

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Los libros lbum se presentan como


una herramienta valiosa para empezar
a convencer a los autodenominados
malos lectores de que s pueden
disfrutar con la lectura. Es un hecho
24

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26

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6/!

31

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32

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ifssbnjfoub!nt!qbsb!fm!gpnfoup!mfdups/!
33

prlogo

Una de las ms recientes tendencias


del libro infantil y juvenil es el libro
lbum. Su aparicin en el mercado

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editorial, en bibliotecas y libreras es

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un significativo aporte a la literatura

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universal. Sus creadores y ya no slo

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el escritor como era antes en un libro

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tradicional se han dado a la tarea

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de inventar un libro capaz de contar una

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historia con recursos diferentes a los


convencionales. En esta oportunidad

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BVcjZaEZVBjdo&

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34

35

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36

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37

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2/!
5/!

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:hjcVejZgiVVW^ZgiVVbjX]VhediZcX^Va^YVYZhfjZejZYZchZgYZhVggdaaVYVhZcaVhVaVYZXaVhZh
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4/!

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6/!
38

39

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40

41

artculo

El lbum es la nica contribucin que la literatura infantil ha hecho


a la literatura, los dems gneros han sido puramente imitativos.
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La produccin de libros lbum, tal como

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los entendemos hoy en da, se inicia en

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los aos sesenta, pero no es sino a partir

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de los aos ochenta cuando comienza

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a dedicrsele mayor atencin por parte

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de la crtica, apareciendo los primeros


estudios exhaustivos que intentan dilucidar
sus caractersticas y las implicaciones
que este tipo de libros tienen para los

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42

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5/!

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52

53

artculo

El libro lbum es un gnero nuevo


para los nios; est dando todava sus
primeros pasos. Sin embargo, a veces

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me da la impresin que corre y que se

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acerca con rapidez a su poca dorada,

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por la importancia que los creadores

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le asignan. Pero como gnero nuevo,

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todava lo terico va ms atrasado que

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la praxis. Realmente, poco se ha escrito


al respecto. Incluso, muchos artculos
suelen compartir las mismas bibliografas, lo que pone de manifiesto

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64

65

Odette Michel ha tenido un rol importante

entrevista

en la introduccin del libro lbum en


C h i l e y, m s i m p o r t a n t e a n , e n l a
implementacin de programas de lectura
basados en el libro lbum. Mediante estos
p r ogra mas, ha conseguido excelentes
resultados en nios y jvenes que, por
distintos motivos, se encuentran en
contextos no-lectores y poco motivados
para leer. Como bibliotecaria encargada de
la capacitacin y animacin lectora en la
biblioteca central de prstamos de lHrault,

66

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78

79

dos testimonios

Como habrn podido apreciar, en un libro


lbum confluyen distintos lenguajes. Por
lo tanto, son necesarios distintos talentos.

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Por una parte, est el trabajo de escritura

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del texto, que es la labor tradicionalmente

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asociada al concepto de libro. Por otra

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parte, en el libro lbum resulta igualmente

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importante la labor del ilustrador. Cuando

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el escritor y el ilustrador se unen en

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torno a un mismo proyecto, la creatividad


permite, mediante un arduo trabajo,
reunir dos universos que le dan an ms

;7JA69:JC=:8=DK:G9>8D/
A6HHDx69DG6H9:A68DA>C6#

vida a la historia narrada. Es el caso del


80

81

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88

89

Hemos considerado, hasta ahora,


diversos aspectos del libro lbum.
Sin embargo, para desarrollar todo
el potencial de este recurso en la sala
de clases, es decir, para transformarlo
en una herramienta que permita y
fomente el aprendizaje, es necesario
saber de qu manera podemos
incorporarlo a las actividades
pedaggicas. Por ese motivo, hemos

introduccin

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93

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8/!

94

95

el significado de los colores

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sugerencias
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El ltimo Refugio

El ltimo Refugio

&

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100

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101

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Abuelos
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102

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103

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Abuelos

Abuelos

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104

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105

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10 Soldados
Texto e Ilustraciones:

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Datos de Publicacin:


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Tema de la Actividad:

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10 Soldados

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106

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107

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10 Soldados

10 Soldados

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108

68I>K>969:H

109

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La Cabeza en la Bolsa
Texto e Ilustraciones:

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Datos de Publicacin:

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XVWZoVZcaVWdahV

110

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111

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La Cabeza en la Bolsa

La Cabeza en la Bolsa

68I>K>969
112

68I>K>969:H

113

68I>K>969:H

Perro Azul

Perro Azul
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Texto e Ilustraciones

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Datos de Publicacin:


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Tema de la Actividad:

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PREPARACIN

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YZEZggd6oja

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6C>B6A:HN:C8>8ADE:9>6
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114

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115

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Perro Azul

Perro Azul

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116

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117

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Pjaros en la Cabeza
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Datos de Publicacin:

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PREPARACIN

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Pjaros en la Cabeza

Pjaros en la Cabeza

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120

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121

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Los Tenebrositos
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68I>K>969

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PREPARACIN

materiales

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=D?6H:C7A6C8D

123

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Los Tenebrositos

Los Tenebrositos

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124

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125

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La Composicin
Texto:
Ilustraciones:
Datos de Publicacin:

La Composicin

descripcin

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Tema de la Actividad:

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objetivos

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PREPARACIN

materiales

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126

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68I>K>969

evaluacin
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127

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La Composicin

La Composicin

68I>K>969
128

68I>K>969:H

129

68I>K>969:H

Vegetal como Sientes


Texto:
Fotografas:
Datos de Publicacin:

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Tema de la Actividad:

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Alimentos con sentimientos

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descripcin

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objetivos
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130

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PREPARACIN

materiales

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68I>K>969

sugerencias
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XjZcidhZaZXX^dcVYd!Xdc
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VaYZ\jhiVgadhY^hi^cidhhVWdgZh#

131

68I>K>969:H

Vegetal como Sientes

Vegetal como Sientes


Alimentos con sentimientos

Alimentos con sentimientos

68I>K>969
132

68I>K>969:H

133

68I>K>969:H

referencias
Obebso
Mfp!Mjpooj
Lbmboesblb

7>7A>D<G6;6H:A:8I6
HD7G::AA>7GDA7JB

134

135

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136

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referencias
Mb!Dptb!qfsejeb
Tibvo!Ubo
Cscbsb!Gjpsf!Fejupsb

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8>I69DHNHJ<:G>9DH

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141

referencias
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