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Fudge Nut
Brownies
3/4 cups butter
2/3 cups of sugar
1/8 cups of vanilla
1/9 cups of baking
soda
3/4 cups of flour
1/2 cups of cocoa
3 eggs
2/3 cups of walnuts
(makes 2 dozen)

Caramel
Brownies
Your school
is having a bake sale

1/2 cups to
of raise
butter
funds for an upcoming
3/4 cups fieldtrip.
of sugarThe 5th grade students
1/7 cups are
of vanilla
going to make two types of
sell at the bake sale.
1/6 cups brownies
of bakingtosoda
students still need to purchase some of the
7/8 cups The
of flour
2/3 cups ingredients
of cocoa so they need to know how much of each
2 eggs of those ingredients are needed. Solve using the
below and turn any improper fractions into
1/3 cups recipes
of caramel
numbers.
(makes 2mixed
dozen)

1. How many cups of butter do the students need to make both recipes?

2. How many cups of sugar do the students need to make both recipes?

3. How many cups of flour do the students need to make both recipes?

4. Do these recipes (together) require more baking or more vanilla?

Challenge Question: If youre making 4 dozen of the Fudge Nut Brownies and 4 dozen
of the Caramel Brownies how much flour and cocoa are needed for both recipes? (hint:
remember that each recipe makes 2 dozen)

Mathematical Vocabulary

Numerator (Numerador): the part of the whole (number on top of


the fraction)
Denominator (Denominador): the total number of pieces; whole
(number on the bottom of the denominator)
Equivalent (Equivalente): fractions that are equal in value
Common denominator (Denomainador comun): a shared multiple
Addition (Sumar): the total of two or more numbers
Other words:
Recipe (Receta): a set of instructions for preparing a dish
Ingredients (Ingredientes): any of the substances that are
combine in a recipe
Brownies (Pastelillo de chocolate): a chocolate dessert
Field trip (Excursion): a trip made by students to study something
at first hand

Pastelillo de chocolate con caramelo

1/2
3/4
1/7
1/6
7/8

taza
taza
taza
taza
taza

de
de
de
de
de

matequilla
azucar
vainilla
levadura
harina

2/3 taza de cocoa


2 huevos
Patelillo de chocolate con nuez 1/3 taza de caramel
3/4 taza de mantequilla
(Hace 2 docenas)
2/3 taza de azucar
1/8 taza de vainilla
1/9 taza de levadura
1. Cuantas tazas de mantequilla
3/4 taza de harina
los estudiantes van a necesitar
1/2 taza de cocoa
para hacer las dos recetas?
3 huevos
2/3 tazas de nuez
(Hace 2 docenas)
2. Cuantas tazas de azucar los
estudiantes necesitan para hacer las dos recetas?
3. Cuantas tazas de harina los estudiantes necesitan para hacer las dos
recetas?
4. Pregunta del reto: Si planeas hacer 4 docenas de pastelillos de chocolate
de nuez y 4 docenas de pastelillos de chocolate de caramel, cuanta harina y
cocoa es necesaria par alas dos recetas? (pista: cada receta hace 2 docenas)

Steps for finding a common denominator:


1/4+1/6=

1. List the multiples for both denominators.


4: 4,8,12,16,20
6: 6,12,18,24,30
2. Find the smallest number they have in common.
4: 4,8,12,16,20
6: 6,12,18,24,30
3. Convert the original fraction into a new fraction with the
common multiple.
This is done by multiplying the original denominator with a
number that gives you the common denominator (what
number times 4 equals 12)
1/4= ___/12
4x3=12
What you multiple the denominators by you multiply to the
numerator.
1x3=3
New fraction: 3/12
(what number times 6 equals 12)
1/6=___/12
6x2+12
What you multiple the denominators by you multiply to the
numerator.
1x2=2
New Fraction: 2/12
4. Add the new fractions together.
3/12+2/12=5/12