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Chapter 1 Reflection

Coming into this chapter, I didnt know as much as I thought I did about technology in
the classroom. My knowledge prior to reading the chapter was that in this 21st century, our daily
lives are almost run by technology. It is such an important role in society that I knew it would be
incorporated in schools. The most I know about technology in school is by my own experience
growing up from playing the Oregon Trail on a computer with no mouse to playing keyboard
games in order to learn how to type correctly. That was the extent of technology that I was
exposed to in school. I knew that technology played a huge role, but I did not know how
prominent that role was.
What I learned was that teachers are trained in technology as a part of their licensure
and that standards require teachers to be technologically literate. Also I learned that most
organizations recognize educational technology literacy as a core competency. The NCATE are
requirements and standards that colleges strive to adapt.
I also learned that technology was not only used in the classroom through presentations
such as PowerPoint or smart boards, but are also used in administration, lesson planning, and
communications. It seems that lesson planning is so much easier with the organizational tools
that are provided through technology.
I learned that despite technology helping in schools, there are some negative aspects.
Technology is very expensive and some school districts and individuals cannot afford to keep up
with technology therefore making competitions with other schools unfair.
This chapter helped my future teaching job because first of all, now I know that I have
to meet technology requirements in order to get my license for teaching. Also, the chapter gave
specific tools that will be helpful in the classroom such as Photo Story (an application that shows
pictures with music in the background), and Prezi which lets an educator set up a presentation
with video, text, and audio. These will be very helpful in a classroom of students who have
grown up with technology and it makes learning more interesting. I know that when I give a
presentation, I try to use as much visual aid as possible because I have found that it always helps
with keeping the attention of my audience. Not only that, but the visual aid helps me keep my
thoughts straight and my organization on point.
Another tool that has helped me throughout my educational career is Dropbox. I love Dropbox
because it is an application that allows me to save any document from any computer or phone
into one central location that I can access anywhere. It is like having a virtual flash drive. This is
an example of technology in education and I use it all of the time.

Chapter 2 Reflection

Technology and Learning

Before reading the chapter, I could only use the prior experience Ive had with technology when
applied to learning. In my college career, technology has been a huge asset to both me and my
teachers. Whether it was because of testing or giving an oral presentation, some form of
technology was used. In my first year of college at NCSU, it was even mandatory to take and
pass a technology class that taught students everything from the basics to a computer to more
specific things like how to use excel efficiently.
After reading the chapter, I learned that technology can be used as a tool to ease the bridge
among the different types of learning and cognitive styles. If a student is not receiving the
information correctly in class, technology makes it easy for that student to always have access to
what he/she needs to learn because it is widely accessible both in the classroom and outside of it.
I also learned that student diversity (meaning the different way each student takes in knowledge
and that some students may have learning restrictions) is difficult to tackle under a classroom
time management view point, but with the help of technology it helps both the student and the
teacher. Technology can offer one-to-one teaching that helps the student understand his/her
diverse learning style and can teach the student how to learn more effectively. Technology can
challenge a student to engage and use critical thinking skills, which are important to
With this information that I have learned, in my future classroom I will know how to use
technology for learning purposes better. For example, if I see that a student is struggling to learn
in my classroom, I will give the student resources that will help explain the material better. There
will be many sources for me to expand my teaching skills and to become more effective in
encouraging critical thinking and competency.

Chapter 3 Reflection
Before reading this chapter, I did not understand anything about how to do a lesson plan. I wasnt
even sure what a lesson plan was. It wasnt until I read the chapter how crucial and important
lesson planning is. Not only is lesson planning helps an educator be more organized, but it also is
a huge factor in how effective the lesson is to the children. After doing a couple lesson plans for
my classes, I realized that lesson planning was difficult. This chapter introduced me to new
methods to do a lesson plan.
I learned that while making a lesson plan, you have to decide what technology would be best
with the lesson. I learned about the Design-Plant-Act (DPA) method and the Dynamic
Instructional Design (DID) model for planning. DPA is helpful when trying to integrate
technology to help clarify which technologies are most useful. You design the content and
sequence of your unit, then you plan lessons to complete the unit, and then you develop
instructional action for each day. The DID model is a fill-in style model that simplifies the
planning process and makes sure nothing gets left out or overlooked. There are five steps: know
the learner, state your objectives, identify teaching and learning strategies, identify and select
technologies and asses and revise.
In my future classroom, I will use these steps to lesson planning so that nothing gets overlooked
and I can have an effective lesson for my students. I will also be aware of the challenges such as
time commitment and knowing what specific guidelines my administrators are looking for.

Chapter 4 Reflection
Before reading this chapter, I had no idea that there were so many options for children with
special needs. I was surprised to read about all of the different ways to make technology easier
for any child with special needs. The different forms of technology such as word processing or
word prediction software will be very helpful for a child who has difficulty typing. Also, the text
to speech option is great for children who are unable to type, or for students who have difficulty
reading. There are so many options for students who have poor motor skills to use a computer
with more ease such as touch screens.
For students who are English language learning, I learned that the most important thing a teacher
must be is aware and prepared. There are so many technologies and resources on the internet that
help students learn English and succeed in school.

Chapter 5 Reflection
Before reading this chapter, I had a pretty good understanding on computers and the basics of
hardware and software. Growing up, my family was technology forward because my dad is a
computer programmer I was introduced to computers early on. I understand already the concepts
of how a computer works, such as the CPU, hard disks, and operating systems.
I learned about network storage, and that the school supplies storage to educators on the school
storage. It is similar to cloud technology, but no internet access is needed to use the storage. I
also learned that as an educator, with the introduction of computers in the classroom, I have to be
prepared of the challenges of using computers. I have to understand that not all students will be
familiar with computers. Also, funding for technology is a challenge as well.
From what I've learned, using computers in the classroom can be a challenge because of funding,
computer literacy, and teacher training. But despite the challenges, computers provide an
enriched learning environment where the four walls of the classroom come down and the world
is at the student's finger tips. In order to use computers in the classroom, educators and students
have to understand the basics such as RAM, CPU, and what an OS is.

Chapter 6 Reflection
There are many great additions to the basic technology that I was not aware of. Before reading
this chapter, I viewed a computer for face value. I thought that what came with the computer was
what you got. But as I read the chapter, I learned that there are so many different software and
hardware add-ons that can enhance the use of a computer and technology.
Technology opens up students resources through input and output devices such as scanners and
headphones. Also, advancements such as touch screens and gesture computing help
tremendously in the classroom. For children with special needs, the options for an equal
opportunity to learn alongside peers are greatly enhanced.
The advantages to using different types of technology in the classroom are that because students
learn in all different ways and methods, and that not one student is exactly like the other, the
styles of teaching can be broader and wider to conform to all students as opposed to just one
certain type. For example, touch screen technologies may help the kinetic learner as opposed to
listening to dictions. Diversity is teaching is more available. Also, information content is
enriched, giving the student a better education.
Some disadvantages to teaching include the cost of technology. Training educators is time
consuming and costly. Also, schools need to hire a staff to fix any broken or malfunctioning

Chapter 7 Reflection
Before reading this chapter, I had a good understanding of word processing such as Microsoft
word and an okay understanding of excel. I understand that for me, word is extremely easy to
use, but I remember on all of my schooling and I have to remember that it took me a while to get
to the understanding of word to where I am now. I remember learning how to put headers on and
the difficulty of that. I also remember and actually still struggle with adding pictures or graphs
into a document without messing up the format of the whole document.
From this chapter, I learned that spreadsheets are like word processing, but for numerical values.
It can be incredibly useful in the classroom in that it helps with budgeting, grades, and track any
statistical data for a classroom. I also learned of the importance of using database management
software in order to stay organized and keep track of data.
In my future classroom, I will use these resources to keep grading easy and so that I can have a
clear set of data in front of me. That way, I can find any statistic that I want to and see the
progress of my students.

Chapter 8 Discussion
Before reading this chapter, I understood that there is software available for download over the
internet to help enhance childrens learning. What I did not know though, was all the different
kinds of software. I was just thinking of software like games that could help children learn, like
Reader Rabbit. I learned that active learning software is a diverse collection of academic
software. I learned that there are many freeware and shareware software tools for educators to
use in the classroom, which means that they are affordable.

I learned about the category productivity software, which includes word processing,
spreadsheets, and database. I learned about imaging software that alters an image such as
Photoshop. Also, very important software that I learned about is reference software. This is a
very valuable tool because reference software provides digital versions of resources that were
once found in books and print. That includes online journals and books, but it also included
Google earth and apps like the Hubble space telescope.

Educational software used in the classroom enriches the students education and helps broaden
the students mind to what they could not access without technology. I will use a number of
software in the classroom to help with productivity and learning.

Chapter 9 Discussion
Prior to reading this chapter, I had a pretty good understanding of the World Wide Web. I grew
up with this technology, so it was a part of my discovery learning while growing through
education. Therefore, this chapter was more like a review about the internet. I remember when I
was little using dial up and how that has completely changed in this day and age. I understand
the different resources available online and understand how search engines and wiki pages work.
After reading this chapter, I was intrigued about the evolution of the web from 1.0 to 3.0. I was
interested because it was speaking more on a philosophical matter than on a hardware standpoint.
To summarize, the web started as a simple application with text and click functions that were
used for research, but has evolved to an interactive project that links humans from all over the
earth to a semantic web.
In my future classroom, I can use a variety of web based sources for enriched learning and
productivity. Despite the challenges, such as an always changing web meaning training must
always be available, web use is very helpful. The web provides many resources in the classroom
like video, such as YouTube or any other educational video site, and weblogs.

Chapter 10 Discussion
Before reading this chapter, I did not really consider teaching in a non-traditional way and
moving away from face-to-face. I didnt know all of the options and though I had taken online
classes previously, I did not view those classes as distant education. With my experience with
online classes, which basically were regular classes, but instead of in class discussion they were
held in a forum, and after reading this chapter, I realized the full potential that could be had with
distance teaching.
I learned that distance education is described as the delivery of instruction to students who are
separated from their teachers. This is helpful for students who are in the hospital or for students
who have been suspended so that they do not miss any important educational instruction. I
learned that contrary to what a teacher would expect, distant education is more time consuming
because it requires increased time management planning and carefully prepared lesson plans.
In my future classroom, as an elementary school teacher, I could use distant education if I want
to have a class pen pal from another country. Through Skype and conference calls, classrooms
can be linked together for a different experience in education.

Chapter 11 Discussion
Before reading this chapter, I had an understanding that while using technology in the classroom
is good, there are also some disadvantages. I know that safety is a key concern in online activity,
whether it is a matter of security of the students or a matter of privacy such as information being
stolen. Also, I understood that cyber bullying is relevant social problem and is dangerous in
students lives.
I learned that issues educators face with technology are broken into three categories: social,
ethical, and legal. Legal issues are when there may be a copyright infringement or when a
technology used by an educator is not in compliance with legal guidelines. For example,
technology needs to be in compliance with the ADA and compliance in student privacy. Social
issues include cyber bullying and the security of students. Ethical issues include those that
address personal beliefs.
Because of all these disadvantages, in my future classroom I will regulate and be technologically
educated so that issues will not come up. I understand hacking and malware and will be educated
so that I will take the proper steps to put protection on my computer.

Chapter 12 Discussion
Before reading this chapter, I did not know much about future technology. Though I know I live
in a highly technical time, I just did not think about what the future of technology would hold. I
have heard about 3D printing and knew the basics, that it would print an image 3D. That idea is
so abstract to me that I at first had difficulty grasping the concept. But then I saw so many news
reports about people getting new legs and arms thanks to 3D printing and I started to understand
a little bit more.
I learned about very advanced concepts such as electronic paper and MOOCS. Electronic paper
is a step further from a tablet and is a thin flexible piece of plastic that emits an image via iCloud
computing. MOOCS stands for massive open online courses. These are large open online
learning classrooms. They are courses that take distance education to a whole new level.
In order for these technologies to be implemented into the future classroom, I will use as much
available technology as I can to show to the public that technology is important and the evolution
of technology will bring even more enrichment and opportunity into the classroom. I will take
everything that I have learned in this class, including what kinds of software and hardware to use
as well as the legality and upkeep of knowledge, while using technology in order to provide a
positive evolving technology forward classroom.