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CALCULO JUSTIFICATIVO DEL DISEO DE MURO DE CONTENCION EN VOLADIZO

t1

P.E. del Suelo


s =
Angulo de Friccin =
P.E. del Concreto
=
Resistencia C
F'c =
Resistencia A
F'y =
Capacidad Portante t =
Altura de Pantalla hp =
FSD =
FSV =

1.80
35
2400
210
4200
1.12
3.20

t/m3
(Suelo Limosos-Arenoso)

kg/cm3
kg/cm2
kg/cm2
kg/cm2
m.

a
hp
h

1.50
1.75

t2

hz
B2

B1
B

De =
Usar =

Vaciado In Situ = tg =

35
0.60

0.70

0.60 ALCULAR

Para Clculo de la Estabilidad Contra Deslizamiento


2

ka = tan 2 ( 45 - /2 ) =
ka.s =
0.488

0.521
t/m3

0.271

1.- Dimensionamiento de la Pantalla


B = 0.5H a 0.8H
t1 30 cm

B=
t1 =
r =
Mu =

Mu = 1.7 M = 1.7 ka.s.hp3/6

Adems :

17.730

cm

t2 = d + r + acero/2

t1

m.
m.
cm.
t-m

Considerando:
=
0.90
b=
100 cm
=
0.004
w = . f'y / f'c =
0.08

Mu = .b.d2.f'c.w ( 1 - 0.59w )
d=

2.16
0.25
4
4.5287

t2 = 23.16 cm.

hp
2

P=1.ka. .h p
2

ka. .hp

3/4"
t2

Usar:
t2 = 0.23 m. =
d = 17.73 cm =

0.25
0.18

m.
m.

t1 = 0.25 m.
d = 22.43 cm =

0.22

m.

2.- Verificacin Por Corte


Vdu = 1.7 Vd = 1.7.(1/2).s.ka(hp-d)2
Vdu =

d=
Vc = 0.53

0.108

0.000

f'c.b.d =

tn

Vdu =

3.788

Relacin:

+
3.07

X
2.94
X=
4.00

=
0.000

0.00
3.20
m.

cm.

tn

Si As se traslapa en la Base:
Vce = 2/3 Vc

t1

tn

Vce

Vdu/

t2

x
t2

2.05

tn

0.11

tn

CONFORME

3.- Dimensionamiento de la Zapata


hz = t2 + 5 cm =

30

h = hp + hz =

3.60

40

cm

m.

Usando las Expresiones:


B1
h

FSD ka.s
2.m

B1 =

0.75

B1/h

(1.50)

(0.49)

2 (0.60)

(1.80)

m.

B1 =

0.339

RECALCULAR

0.75 + (t2 - t1)/2 =

0.75

Usar:
B1 =

0.75

m. =

.FSV - B1 =
3 FSD
2h

B2
h

(0.60)
3

B2 min = hz = 0.50 m.
B2 min = h/10 =

0.75

m.

(1.75)
(1.50)

0.75
2 (3.60)

0.80

0.129

(-) NO VOLTEO OK

0.36

B=

4.- Verificacin de Estabilidad

t1

1.55

b'1

hp
h

q1

P2

P4

q2

h/3

B3

B3

P3

B3

P1

hz
B2

Presiones del Suelo Contra el Volteo

P'
P1
P2
P3
P4

B1
B

Brazo
de Giro
X (m)
0.78
0.93
0.80
1.3
Mt =

Pesos (P) tn.


(0.40)
(0.25)
(3.20)
(0.50)

(1.55)
(3.20)
(0.00)
(3.20)

(2.40)
(2.40)
(2.40)
(1.80)
Peso

=
=
=
=
=

1.488
1.92
0
2.88
6.288

tn
tn
tn
tn
tn

P . X (tn-m)
1.15
1.78
0.00
3.74
6.67

Ha = 1/2.ka..h2 =

3.0254

FSD = Hf = .Peso =
Ha
ha

(0.60)
(6.29)
(3.03)

1.25

>

1.50

FSD

RECALCULAR

FSV = Mt =
Ma

(6.67)
(3.03) (1.20)

1.84

>

1.75

FSV

OK

5.- Presiones Sobre el Terreno


Ubicacin de Resultante Vertical (Xo)
6.67

Xo = Mt - Ma =
P

6.288

2.88

0.603 m.

Excentricidad (e)
e=B-d
2

e
0.17

B
6

B/6
0.26

CONFORME

Luego:
q1 = P 1 + 6e
B
B

6.288
1.55

1+6

(0.17)
1.55

q2 = P
B

6.288
1.55

1+6

(0.17)
1.55

1 - 6e
B

q1
6.75

6.75

tn/m2

1.3596 tn/m2

q2
1.36

CONFORME

q2
q1

6.- Diseo de Pantalla


En la Base:
Mu =
t1 =
t2 =
a = d/5 =
b=

4.53
0.25
0.25
3.55
100

tn-m
m.
m.

d=
d=

0.22
0.18

m.
m.

Iterando:
s = Mu/0.90.f'y.(d-a/2)

a = s.f'y/0.85.f'c.b

s =

4.5287 x 100000
0.90 x 4200 x
(17.73 -1.77)

s =

4.5287 x 100000
0.90 x 4200 x
(17.73 -0.88)

s =
Para: t1

7.11

= s / b.d =

5/8"@

0.28

cm. =

0.0032 > 0.0018 min

0.20

7.5081 cm2

7.11

cm2

m.
CONFORME

a=

1.766608281

a=

1.6733111586

Para: t2

= s / b.d =

0.0040 > 0.0018 min

CONFORME

Determinar los Puntos de Corte


Mmax/ 2 = 1.7ka. s.hp3/6 ( r - hc )3 =

hc =

1.28

m. =

1.70

m.

As/2
Asmin

As

hp
d 12o
.14.14.14.14.14.14.14.14

Lc

hc

Lc

Refuerzo Horizontal:
Ast = t.b t

Si t2 25 cm. : Usar Refuerzo Horizontal en 2 Capas

Arriba :

s = 0.0025 x 100 x

25

6.25

2/3 Ast =

4.17

cm2

1/2" @

0.03

m.

1/3 Ast =

2.08

cm2

1/2" @

0.06

m.

Smax. =

0.45

m.

Intermedio:

25.00

6.25

2/3 Ast =

4.17

cm2

1/2" @

0.33

m.

1/3 Ast =

2.08

cm2

1/2" @

0.33

m.

Smax. =

0.45

m.

s = 0.0025 x 100 x

25.00

6.25

2/3 Ast =

4.17

cm2

1/2" @

0.24

m.

1/3 Ast =

2.08

cm2

1/2" @

0.48

m.

As montaje =

1/2" @

2/3Ast
Ast/3

s = 0.0025 x 100 x

Abajo:

Solo por Montaje

cm2/m

0.36

cm2/m

cm2/m

As Montaje

m.

Lc

7.- Diseo de la Zapata


Ws =
Wpp =

(1.80)
(0.40)

(3.20)
(1.00)

=
=
=

(2.40)
Wu

5.76
0.96
6.72

tn/m
tn/m
tn/m

Ws

Zapata
Anterior

Zapata
Posterior

Wpp
q2
q1

qd

qs

q2
q1

qd

qs

Zapata Anterior
Wu max. = q1 * 1.6 - Wz * 0.90 =

6.75

x 1.6 -

0.96

x 0.90 =

9.94

tn/m

As =

1.319

cm2

0.50

Conservadoramente:
2
(0.40)
2
As min = 0.0018 x b .d =

Mu =

9.94

d=

75.82

=
3.19

cm 5/8" @

0.79539 tn-m
cm2
0.62

cm. =

0.25 m

Zapata Posterior
(B1 - T2) =

0.50
(6.75

q'B = ( q1 - q2 ) ( B1 - T2 ) =
B1 + B2
qB = q2 + q'B =
Wu =

3.10
(5.76

0.75

1.36)
+

0.8

6.04

tn/m

(0.04)

1.74

tn/m

+0.96)

(0.90)

Mu = (Wu - 1.2q2)(B1-T2)2 - 1.2q'B(B1-T2)2


2
6
Mu =

(4.41)

As =

0.77

(0.13)

(2.09)

cm2

Usar:

0.4641 tn-m
5/8" @

2.57

cm. =

0.15 m.

Vdu = (Wu - q2.Wz) (


q'd = (q1 - q2) (B1-T2 - d) =
B1 + B2

1.123 tn/m

Vn =
Vc = 0.53

f'c.b.d =

58.23 tn

Refuerzo Transversal
As temperatura =

0.0018xbxt =

As montajete =

36 =

(36)

13.6475 cm2
(1.98)

5/8" @
71.208 cm2

0.14
5/8" @

cm.
0.03

MURO DE CONTENCION EN VOLADIZO


t1= 0.25

b'1 =

0.50

1/2" @ 0.40
1/2" @ 0.25
5/8"@ 0.35
5/8"@ 0.20
Escarpa Talud
Pantalla
3.20

hp= 0.33
1/2" @
1/2" @ 0.58

h=

3.60

Empuje de Terreno

1/2" @ 0.67
1/2" @ 0.33
1.70

0.40

5/8" @ 0.15 m.

m.

Zapata Posterior
Taln

0.25

t2=

Zapata Anterior
h=
Puntera
5/8" @ 0.25 m

hz=

0.80

B2=

B1=
B=

0.75

1.55

N EN VOLADIZO
t1

a
hp
h

t2

hz
B2

B1
B

t1

hp
2

P=1.ka. .h p
2

ka. .hp

t2

t1

x
t2

x
t2

(-) NO VOLTEO OK

tn-m

cm

cm

Solo por Montaje

2/3Ast
Ast/3

tn/m

cm.

1.47

CM2.
0.316
0.713
1.267
1.978
2.850
3.879
5.067
10.06

1/4"
3/8"
1/2"
5/8"
3/4"
7/8"
1"
1 3/8"

B2 = Aumentar para mejorar exentricidad

CM2.
0.316
0.713
1.267
1.978
2.850
3.879
5.067

1/4"
3/8"
1/2"
5/8"
3/4"
7/8"
1"

10.06

1 3/8"

t
0.0020
0.0025

< 5/8" y f'y 4200kg/cm2


Otros Casos Zona de Alto Riesgo Ssmico

CM2.
0.316
0.713
1.267
1.978
2.850
3.879
5.067
10.06

1/4"
3/8"
1/2"
5/8"
3/4"
7/8"
1"
1 3/8"