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Recursos para el docente

3 BIOLOGÍA

El intercambio de información
en los sistemas biológicos:
relación, integración y control

Susana Alvarez
Alejandro J. Balbiano
Ricardo Franco
Elina I. Godoy
María Cristina Iglesias
María Inés Rodríguez Vida
Hilda C. Suárez
ES

3.er año

BIOLOGÍA

El intercambio de información
en los sistemas biológicos:
relación, integración y control

RECURSOS PARA EL DOCENTE
BIOLOGÍA 3. Recursos para el docente es una obra colectiva, creada y
diseñada en el Departamento Editorial de Ediciones Santillana S. A.,
bajo la dirección de Herminia Mérega y Graciela Pérez de Lois, por el
siguiente equipo:
Susana Alvarez
Alejandro J. Balbiano
Ricardo Franco
Elina I. Godoy
María Cristina Iglesias
María Inés Rodríguez Vida
Hilda C. Suárez
Editora: Paula L. Sabbatini
Jefa de edición: Patricia S. Granieri
Gerencia de gestión editorial: Mónica Pavicich

Índice
ES

3. año
er

3FDVSTPTQBSBMBQMBOJGJDBDJØO QÈHt$MBWFEFSFTQVFTUBT QÈH

Jefa de arte: Claudia Fano.
Diagramación: María Mercedes Mayans.
Corrección: Karina Garofalo.
Este libro no puede ser reproducido total ni parcialmente en
ninguna forma, ni por ningún medio o procedimiento, sea reprográfico, fotocopia, microfilmación, mimeógrafo o cualquier
otro sistema mecánico, fotoquímico, electrónico, informático,
magnético, electroóptico, etcétera. Cualquier reproducción sin
permiso de la editorial viola derechos reservados, es ilegal y
constituye un delito.

BIO3_Docente.indd 1

© 2010, EDICIONES SANTILLANA S.A.
Av. L. N. Alem 720 (C1001AAP),
Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.
ISBN: 978-950-46-2235-2

Biología 3 : el intercambio de información en los sistemas biológicos :
relación, integración y
control : recursos para el docente / Susana Alvarez ... [et.al.]. - 1a ed.
- Buenos
Aires : Santillana, 2010.
32 p. ; 26x19 cm. - (Saberes clave)

Queda hecho el depósito que dispone la ley 11.723.

ISBN 978-950-46-2235-2

Impreso en Argentina. Printed in Argentina.
Primera edición: enero de 2010

1. Biología. 2. Enseñanza Secundaria. I. Alvarez, Susana
CDD 574.071 2

Este libro se terminó de imprimir en el mes de enero 2010, en
en Gráfica Vuelta de Página, Carlos Pellegrini 3652, Ciudadela,
Buenos Aires, República Argentina.

1/25/10 12:49:52 PM

2

BIO3_Docente.indd 2

Recursos para la planificación
Capítulo

1

2

Los seres
vivos y su
relación
con el medio

La captación
de los
estímulos

1/22/10 4:57:15 PM

Contenidos

Estrategias didácticas

Expectativas de logro

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© Santillana S.A. Prohibida su fotocopia. Ley 11.723

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indd 4 Recursos para la planificación Capítulo 5 El control nervioso 1/22/10 4:57:16 PM Contenidos Estrategias didácticas Expectativas de logro TF×BMFT &M DPNQMFKP TF×BMSFDFQUPS5JQPTEFSFDFQUPSFT-BUSBOTEVDDJØOEFMBTF×BMZMBSFTQVFTUB 5JQPTEFSFTQVFTUB-BDPNVOJDBDJØOJOUFSDFMVMBSEJSFDUB-BDPNVOJDBDJØOFOMBTDÏMVMBTBOJNBMFTZ FOMBTDÏMVMBTWFHFUBMFT$ÈODFS USBOTQPSUFBUSBWÏTEFMBNFNCSBOBQMBTNÈUJDB *EFOUJGJDBDJØO B QBSUJS EF FKFNQMPT EF TF×BMFTMPDBMFTZBEJTUBODJBRVFBDUÞBOTPCSF MBT DÏMVMBT %FTDSJQDJØO EFM NPEFMP TF×BMSFDFQUPS Z TV FTQFDJGJDJEBE QBSB EFTFODBEFOBSVOBSFTQVFTUBDFMVMBS*OUFSQSFUBDJØO EFMBUSBTGPSNBDJØOEFMBTF×BMZMBQSPEVDDJØO EF SFTQVFTUB B QBSUJS EFM FKFNQMP EF BDDJØO EF VO BOUÓHFOP TPCSF VO HMØCVMP CMBODP -FDUVSB EF VOB FOUSFWJTUB TPCSF FM cáncer.723 . NFNCSBOB 7BMPSBS MB JNQPSUBODJB EF MBT PCTFSWBDJPOFT NJDSPTDØQJDBT FOMBTJOWFTUJHBDJPOFTCJPMØHJDBT&YQMJDBS TPCSFMBCBTFEFFKFNQMPT FM QBQFM EF MBT QSPUFÓOBT EF MB NFNbrana celular en los procesos de capUBDJØO EF TF×BMFT Z DPNVOJDBDJØO DFMVMBS$PNQSFOEFSRVFVOBNJTNB TF×BM QVFEF QSPEVDJS EJTUJOUBT SFTQVFTUBT DFMVMBSFT "QSPQJBSTF EFM QSPQØTJUPEFMBMFDUVSBZBQSFOEFSB BDUVBSGSFOUFBVOUFYUPEFNBOFSB DPNQFUFOUFTFHÞOEJGFSFOUFTQSPQØTJUPTEFMFDUVSB &M TJTUFNB OFSWJPTP -BT DÏMVMBT OFSWJPTBT -B DPNVOJDBDJØO OFVSPOBM &M QPUFODJBM EF SFQPTP -B CPNCBEFTPEJPQPUBTJP(FOFSBDJØO Z QSPQBHBDJØO EFM JNQVMTP OFSWJPTP-BTTJOBQTJT-PTOFVSPUSBOTNJTPSFT-BQMBDBOFVSPNVTDVMBS-BJOUFHSBDJØOOFVSPOBMEF TF×BMFT-BPSHBOJ[BDJØOEFMTJTUFNB OFSWJPTP IVNBOP TJTUFNB OFSWJPTP DFOUSBM Z QFSJGÏSJDP  TJTUFNB OFSWJPTP BVUØOPNP &M FODÏGBMP-BDPSUF[BDFSFCSBM"QSFOEJ[BKFZNFNPSJB-BFOGFSNFEBE EF"M[IFJNFS-BNÏEVMBFTQJOBM &M BSDP SFGMFKP -BT ESPHBT FO FM TJTUFNB OFSWJPTP -BT JMVTJPOFT RVFHFOFSBFMDFSFCSP *EFOUJGJDBDJØOEFMBTQBSUFTEFVOBOFVSPOB Z EF TVT GVODJPOFT $MBTJGJDBDJØO GVODJPOBM EFMBTOFVSPOBT%FTDSJQDJØOEFMPTNFDBOJTNPTEFHFOFSBDJØOZDPOEVDDJØOEFMJNQVMTPOFSWJPTP*OUFSQSFUBDJØOEFVOHSÈGJDPEF MBWBSJBDJØOEFMQPUFODJBMEFNFNCSBOBBMP MBSHP EFM UJFNQP *OUFSQSFUBDJØO EF FTRVFNBTTPCSFFMNFDBOJTNPEFTJOBQTJT&MBCPSBDJØO EF VO FTRVFNB DPO MB PSHBOJ[BDJØO EFM TJTUFNB OFSWJPTP IVNBOP %FTDSJQDJØO EFMDFSFCSPZEFTVTGVODJPOFT*EFOUJGJDBDJØO EFMBTFTUSVDUVSBTDFSFCSBMFTRVFQBSUJDJQBO FOMPTQSPDFTPTEFNFNPSJB%FTDSJQDJØOEF MB QBSUJDJQBDJØO EFM TJTUFNB OFSWJPTP BVUØOPNPFOFKFNQMPTDPODSFUPT"OÈMJTJTEFMB BDDJØOEFEJGFSFOUFTESPHBTTPCSFFMTJTUFNB OFSWJPTP"OÈMJTJTEFHSÈGJDPTEFCBSSBTPCSF FMDPOTVNPEFBMDPIPMFOMPTBEPMFTDFOUFT -FDUVSBEFVOBFOUSFWJTUBTPCSFFMDBTPEFM EJQVUBEP+PSHF3JWBT &TUBCMFDFS SFMBDJPOFT FOUSF MB FTUSVDUVSBEFMBDÏMVMBOFSWJPTBZTVGVODJØO FOUBOUPQFSDFQDJØO QSPDFTBNJFOUPZ QSPEVDDJØOEFSFTQVFTUBTGSFOUFBVOB TF×BM $POTUSVJS SFQSFTFOUBDJPOFT EF MBT HFOFSBMJ[BDJPOFT EF MPT NFDBOJTNPTEFDPOEVDDJØOEFJNQVMTPTOFSWJPTPT*EFOUJGJDBSMBTQBSUFTQSJODJQBMFTEFMTJTUFNBOFSWJPTPEJTUJOHVJFOEP FOUSFFMDBSÈDUFSFTUSVDUVSBMZFMGVODJPOBMEFTVTEJWJTJPOFT*OUFSQSFUBSZ DPNQBSBSUFYUPTDSÓUJDBNFOUF © Santillana S.A. Ley 11.4 BIO3_Docente. Prohibida su fotocopia.

723 6 7 El control nervioso en los animales El control endocrino &MDPOUSPMOFSWJPTPFOMPTJOWFSUFCSBEPT&MQMFYPOFSWJPTP(BOHMJPT ZDPSEPOFTOFSWJPTPT-BDPNQMFKJEBEOFSWJPTBDFGBMJ[BDJØO&MDPOUSPM OFSWJPTP FO MPT WFSUFCSBEPT &MDFSFCFMP&MDFSFCSPZMBDPSUF[B DFSFCSBM &M TJTUFNB OFSWJPTP BVUØOPNP $PODMVTJØO BDFSDB EFM DPOUSPMOFSWJPTP *EFOUJGJDBDJØO EF MBT FTUSVDUVSBT OFSWJPTBT FO EJGFSFOUFT JOWFSUFCSBEPT Z WFSUFCSBEPT %FTDSJQDJØO EF MPT QSJODJQBMFT NPEFMPT EF PSHBOJ[BDJØOOFSWJPTBFOJOWFSUFCSBEPT3FDPOPDJNJFOUPEFMQSPDFTPEFDFGBMJ[BDJØOZ EJGFSFODJBDJØO DPO FM EF FODFGBMJ[BDJØO B QBSUJS EF FKFNQMPT *EFOUJGJDBDJØO EF MPT DPNQPOFOUFTEFVOUFYUPDJFOUÓGJDP&MBCPSBDJØOEFVOSFTVNFOBQBSUJSEFMBMFDUVSBEF VO UFYUP -FDUVSB EF VOB FOUSFWJTUB TPCSF DJFSUPT FTUVEJPT OFVSPMØHJDPT SFBMJ[BEPT FO cangrejos. Las glándulas endocrinas. Prohibida su fotocopia.BIO3_Docente. Ley 11.indd 5 © Santillana S. Los recepUPSFT IPSNPOBMFT -BT IPSNPOBT ZMBIPNFPTUBTJTFMDPOUSPMEFMB HMVDFNJB-BSFUSPBMJNFOUBDJØOP feedback 0USBT IPSNPOBT HMVDFNJBOUFT-BEJBCFUFT&MFKFIJQPUÈMBNPIJQPGJTBSJP-BTIPSNPOBT UJSPJEFBT-BTIPSNPOBTZFMEFTBSSPMMP-BTIPSNPOBTFOMBQVCFSUBE &M DJDMP NFOTUSVBM -BT IPSNPOBTFOFMFNCBSB[P FMQBSUPZ MBMBDUBODJB-BSFUSPBMJNFOUBDJØO QPTJUJWB-BTIPSNPOBTZFMDPNQPSUBNJFOUPFMFTUSÏT&MDPOUSPM OFVSPFOEPDSJOP"MHVOBTIPSNPOBTZTVTFGFDUPT-BEJBCFUFT "OÈMJTJTIJTUØSJDPEFMBDPOTUSVDDJØOEFMDPODFQUPEFIPSNPOB%FTDSJQDJØOEFMTJTUFNB FOEPDSJOP Z EF TVT DÏMVMBT $BSBDUFSJ[BDJØO EFMBTHMÈOEVMBTFOEPDSJOBTZEFMBTIPSNPOBT RVF QSPEVDFO 3FDPOPDJNJFOUP EF MPT NFDBOJTNPTEFSFHVMBDJØOIPSNPOBM"OÈMJTJT EF FKFNQMPT EF DPOUSPM IPSNPOBM EF MB IPNFPTUBTJT HMVDFNJB "OÈMJTJTEFMDPOUSPM IPSNPOBM EFM EFTBSSPMMP *OUFSQSFUBDJØO EF MBSFHVMBDJØOEFMDJDMPNFOTUSVBM"OÈMJTJTEF DBTPTIBCJUVBMFTFOMPTRVFTFQSPEV[DBVO EFTFRVJMJCSJP IPSNPOBM *OUFSQSFUBDJØO EFM DPOUSPMOFVSPFOEPDSJOPBQBSUJSEFMDBTPEF MB SFHVMBDJØO EF MB UFNQFSBUVSB DPSQPSBM $PNQBSBDJØOFOUSFFMNPEFMPEFSFHVMBDJØO IPSNPOBMEFMBUFNQFSBUVSBZFMNPEFMPEF SFHVMBDJØO EFM UFSNPTUBUP EF VOB FTUVGB -FDUVSBEFVOBFOUSFWJTUBTPCSFMBEJBCFUFT *OUFSQSFUBS MB DPOTUSVDDJØO EF VO DPODFQUP DJFOUÓGJDP 3FDPOPDFS MPT NFDBOJTNPT EF BDDJØO B EJTUBODJB EFMBTIPSNPOBTZMPTFGFDUPTEFTV IJQPGVODJØOFIJQFSGVODJØO&YQMJDBS MB SFHVMBDJØO EF MB HMVDFNJB VUJMJ[BOEP MPT DPODFQUPT EF QSPEVDDJØO EF TF×BMFT RVÓNJDBT  TV USBOTQPSUF  ØSHBOPT CMBODP  FTQFDJGJDJEBE FOUSF MBTF×BMZFMSFDFQUPS EFTFODBEFOBNJFOUPEFMBSFTQVFTUB BDDJØOBOUBHØOJDBEFMBJOTVMJOBZFMHMVDBHØO *OUFSQSFUBS MB SFHVMBDJØO IPSNPOBM EFM EFTBSSPMMP TFYVBM FO HFOFSBM Z EFMDJDMPNFOTUSVBMFOQBSUJDVMBS3FMBDJPOBS MPT NFDBOJTNPT EF FTUSÏT DPO FM DPOUSPM IPSNPOBM $PNQSFOEFSMBJNQPSUBODJBEFMBBDDJØODPPSEJOBEB EF MPT TJTUFNBT OFSWJPTP Z FOEPDSJOP 6UJMJ[BS MPT DPOPDJNJFOUPT CJPMØHJDPT QBSB EBS PQJOJØO  BSHVNFOUBS Z BDUVBS FO SFMBDJØO DPO BTQFDUPTEFMBTBMVE 5 1/22/10 4:57:16 PM . "EWFSUJSDØNPMPTNPEFMPTEBOTFOUJEP B BNQMJPT DPOKVOUPT EF PCTFSWBDJPOFTGSFDVFOUFNFOUFOPSFMBDJPOBEBT Z PGSFDFO NFDBOJTNPT RVF FYQMJDBOFMGVODJPOBNJFOUPEFDJFSUPTQSPDFTPT*EFOUJGJDBSMPTQSJODJQBMFT NPEFMPT RVF SFQSFTFOUBO MB PSHBOJ[BDJØO EFM TJTUFNB OFSWJPTP FO EJGFSFOUFTHSVQPTEFJOWFSUFCSBEPTZ FO WFSUFCSBEPT "OBMJ[BS UFYUPT JOGPSNBUJWPT -PTNFOTBKFSPTRVÓNJDPT&MDPODFQUPEFiIPSNPOBw-BTIPSNPOBT FO MB IJTUPSJB -BT JOWFTUJHBciones en los siglos XIX Z XX.A.

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&OFMDBTPEFMBFTQJOBDB FTVOBSFTQVFTUBEFGMPSBDJØOP JOIJCJDJØOEFFMMBFODBTPEFOPSFDJCJSMV[TVGJDJFOUF&O FMDBTPEFMBQMBOUB" SFTQPOEFJOIJCJFOEPFMDSFDJNJFOUP EFTVTQBSUFT DPNPFMUBMMP PFTUJNVMBFMDSFDJNJFOUPEF SBNJGJDBDJPOFT&OBNCPTTFUSBUBEFFTUÓNVMPTMVNÓOJDPT  QFSPFO"TFUSBUBEFVOUJQPEFMV[ DBMJEBE ZFOMBFTQJOBDB DBOUJEBEZEVSBDJØO © Santillana S. a) -BFDPMPDBDJØOFTFMGFOØNFOPBUSBWÏTEFMDVBMBMHVOPTBOJNBMFTVUJMJ[BOTVFDPFOMBEFUFDDJØOEFMBEJSFDDJØO EJTUBODJB NBHOJUVEZUFYUVSBEFMPTPCKFUPT b) &O FM QSJNFS DBTP  IBCMBNPT EF VO NFDBOJTNP EF PSJFOUBDJØOFOFMRVFJOUFSWJFOFONFDBOPSSFDFQUPSFT RVF TF FTUJNVMBO BOUF WJCSBDJPOFT EFM NFEJP &O FM DBTPEFMPTNVSDJÏMBHPT UBNCJÏOFTPSJFOUBDJØO QFSP FOFTUFDBTP FMFTUÓNVMPFTEJGFSFOUFPOEBTTPOPSBT 3 Las respuestas a los estímulos Página 48 5. &OMPTUVMJQBOFTEFMBGPUPHSBGÓBTFPCTFSWBVOBSFTQVFTUB EFUJQPOBTUJBQPSRVFFMNPWJNJFOUPEFBQFSUVSBPDJFSSF EF TVT QÏUBMPT PDVSSF JOEFQFOEJFOUFNFOUF EF MB QSPDFEFODJBEFMFTUÓNVMP VOPEFMPTDVBUSPRVJNJPSSFDFQUPSFTRVFQPTFFOMPT JOTFDUPTFODBEBVOBEFTVTTFOTJMJBT&TUBTFTUSVDUVSBTMBTFODPOUSBNPTFOMPTBQBSBUPTCVDBMFTZFOMBT QBUBTEFMPTJOTFDUPT b) 4FFTUVEJBSPOMPTFTUÓNVMPTEFTBM DMPSVSPEFTPEJP  DBSOF TBDBSPTB B[ÞDBS ZNJFM c) -PTWBMPSFTBQSPYJNBEPTEFFTUJNVMBDJØOTPOTBMRVJNJPSSFDFQUPSBOBSBOKBEPDBSOFRVJNJPSSFDFQUPS BOBSBOKBEPTBDBSPTBRVJNJPSSFDFQUPSWFSEF NJFMRVJNJPSSFDFQUPSWFSEF  BNBSJMMP   d) &M RVJNJPSSFDFQUPS SFQSFTFOUBEP DPO DPMPS OBSBOKB Página 49 8.A.723 a) $BEB VOP EF MPT DPMPSFT EF MBT CBSSBT SFQSFTFOUB B 12 BIO3_Docente.24.4JUBOUPMBTBWFTDPNPMPTNBNÓGFSPTQPTFFOQBQJMBTHVTUBUJWBT TJHOJGJDBRVFBNCPTQVFEFODBQUBSFTUÓNVMPTRVÓNJDPT 4JO FNCBSHP  FM IFDIP EF RVF FM TFS IVNBOP UFOHB NÈTDBOUJEBERVFMBTBWFT QPOFFOFWJEFODJBRVFOPUPEPT MPT TFOUJEPT TPO JHVBMNFOUF SFMFWBOUFT FO UPEPT MPT TFSFTWJWPT%FIFDIP DPNPWJNPTFOFMDBQÓUVMP MBTBWFT QPTFFOVOBFYDFMFOUFWJTJØO VOBEFMBTNÈTQSFTUJHJPTBT EFOUSPEFMPTWFSUFCSBEPT5BNCJÏOQPTFFOVOCVFOPÓEP 28. Ley 11. a) -BTJNÈHFOFTQSFUFOEFOJMVTUSBSVOGFOØNFOPDPOPDJEPDPNPiQPEFSEFBDPNPEBDJØOw&OFMQSJNFSDBTP  QBSB WFS DPO OJUJEF[ VO PCKFUP RVF TF VCJDB MFKPT  FT OFDFTBSJPRVFFMDSJTUBMJOPTFWVFMWBNÈTGJOP&OFMTFHVOEPDBTP FMPCKFUPFTUÈDFSDB"IPSBFMDSJTUBMJOPTF FOTBODIBZMBJNBHFOTFQVFEFGPSNBSOÓUJEBNFOUF b) $PNPTFUSBUBEFMQPEFSEFBDPNPEBDJØORVFTFMPHSB QPSNFEJPEFDBNCJPTFOFMFTQFTPSEFMBMFOUF DSJTUBMJOP  VO NPEFMP EF PKP TJNJMBS TF FTQFSBFODPOUSBSFO BOJNBMFTWFSUFCSBEPTUFSSFTUSFT c)  4J FM DSJTUBMJOP TF WVFMWF NFOPT FMÈTUJDP Z EBEP RVF TPNPTBOJNBMFTUFSSFTUSFT OPQPESFNPTFOGPDBSGÈDJMNFOUF MPT PCKFUPT Z MPT WFSFNPT QPDP OÓUJEPT &M DSJTUBMJOPFTVOBMFOUFZTVGVODJØOFTFOGPDBSJNÈHFOFTTPCSFMBSFUJOB-BMV[QBTBZTFSFGSBDUB4JFTUPZB OP QVFEF IBDFSMP FM DSJTUBMJOP  FM VTP EF VOB MFOUF BSUJGJDJBMQPESÓBDVNQMJSFTUBGVODJØO 26. QPTFFVOBBMUBFTUJNVMBDJØODPOMBDBSOFZMBTBMZTF FTUJNVMBNVZQPDPBOUFMBTBDBSPTBZMBNJFM e) 1VFEF EFDJSTF RVF DBEB SFDFQUPS FT NÈT TFOTJCMF B VOB DMBTF QBSUJDVMBS EF FTUÓNVMP RVÓNJDP  ZB RVF TJ CJFODBQUBOMBTEFNÈTTVTUBODJBT DBEBVOPEFFMMPT FTFTUJNVMBEPNÈTWFDFTQBSBEFUFSNJOBEBTVTUBODJB ZOPQBSBPUSBT"VORVFFOFMDBTPEFMBNJFMBNCPT SFDFQUPSFTTFFTUJNVMBOEFVONPEPTJNJMBS 27. -BT CBDUFSJBT QVFEFO EFUFDUBS HSBEJFOUFT EF TVTUBODJBT RVÓNJDBT Z MV[ )BZ CBDUFSJBT RVF QVFEFO EFUFDUBS FM NBHOFUJTNP UFSSFTUSF  QPS FKFNQMP  MBT CBDUFSJBT NBHOFUPTUÈUJDBT VUJMJ[BO MPT NBHOFUPTPNBT  FTUSVDUVSBT JOUSBDFMVMBSFT DPNQVFTUBT QPS DSJTUBMFT NJOFSBMFT EF IJFSSP PSJFOUÈOEPTFFOMBDPMVNOBEFBHVB"TÓ CVTDBOMBT DPOEJDJPOFTRVFGBWPSFDFOTVNFUBCPMJTNP&TUBSFTQVFTUBSFDJCFFMOPNCSFEFiNBHOFUPUBYJBw 6. Prohibida su fotocopia. -B SFUSBDDJØO EFM TFVEØQPEP EF MB BNFCB BOUF MB MV[ TF QBSFDF B MB SFTQVFTUB GSFOUF BM BMJNFOUP FO RVF BNCPT FTUÓNVMPTEFTFODBEFOBOVOBSFTQVFTUB4JOFNCBSHP FO VODBTPTFUSBUBEFFTUÓNVMPMVNÓOJDPZFOFMPUSP EFDPOUBDUP&OFMDBTPEFMBMV[ FTVOBUBYJBOFHBUJWB ZFOFMEF MBBMJNFOUBDJØO FTQPTJUJWB 7. 4JMBQMBOUBEFFTQJOBDBSFDJCFDBUPSDFIPSBTEFMV[TPMP EVSBOUFVOBTFNBOB OPIBCSÈSFDJCJEPMBDBOUJEBEOJMB EVSBDJØOEFMV[OFDFTBSJBQBSBGMPSFDFS 9.indd 12 1/22/10 4:57:20 PM . a)  -BTEPTGPUPTTPOEFMBNJTNBJNBHFOVOHJSBTPM-B" b) c) d) e) TFWFFODPMPSBNBSJMMPZWFSEFNJFOUSBTRVFMB#BQBSFDFFOUPOPB[VMBEP BEFNÈT TFWFDPNPQJYFMBEB -BTGPUPTTFSFMBDJPOBODPOFMFTUÓNVMPMVNÓOJDP $PNP TF USBUB EF JNÈHFOFT  TPMP QVFEF USBUBSTF EF TFSFTWJWPTRVFQPTFFOPKPT RVFTPOMPTØSHBOPTWJTVBMFT GPSNBEPSFT EF JNBHFO 1PS PUSP MBEP  TF WFO EJGFSFOUFT BTÓRVFTFUSBUBEFTFSFTWJWPTDVZPTGPUPSSFDFQUPSFTTFFTUJNVMBOFOEJGFSFOUFTSBOHPTEFMPOHJUVEFTEFPOEBZDVZBJOGPSNBDJØOWJTVBMTFJOUFSQSFUBEFGPSNBEJGFSFOUF-BGPUP# DPNPQBSFDFQJYFMBEB QPESÓBTFSQSPEVDUPEFMBFTUJNVMBDJØOEFEJGFSFOUFT QBSUFT 1PESÓB USBUBSTF EF VO PKP DPNQVFTUP  EF WBSJPTPNBUJEJPT 4FFTQFSBRVFQVFEBOQFOTBSFORVFUPEPMPSFGFSFOUF B JOUFSQSFUBDJØO EF JOGPSNBDJØO QPS QBSUF EF MPT DFOUSPT EF QSPDFTBNJFOUP FT BMHP RVF OP QPEFNPT BTFHVSBSNÈTBMMÈEFOVFTUSBFYQFSJFODJB%FFTUBNBOFSB  OP QPEFNPT BTFHVSBS RVF MB TFHVOEB JNBHFO TFSÓBQFSDJCJEBEFFTBGPSNBQPSPUSPTTFSFTWJWPT&O GVODJØOEFJOGPSNBDJØOFYQFSJNFOUBM QPEFNPTBDFSDBSOPTBMNPEPDPNPPUSPTTFSFTWJWPTQPESÓBOQFSDJCJSTVNVOEP &MQFSSPWFSÓBMBGMPSTJNJMBSBMB"FODVBOUPBMBOJUJEF[ BVORVFMBIPKBWFSEFQPTJCMFNFOUFMBWFSÓBBNBSJMMB&TUPTFEFCFBRVFMPTQFSSPTEFUFDUBOFOEJGFSFOUFTMPOHJUVEFTEFPOEBZQFSDJCFOEFNBOFSBEJGFSFOUFEFMPTTFSFTIVNBOPT 25.

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indd 14 1/22/10 4:57:22 PM . 5FOFSPSHBOJ[BEPVODVBESPDPNQBSBUJWPQFSNJUFBOBMJ[BSEFNBOFSBNÈTQSFDJTBMBJOGPSNBDJØO UFSSJUPSJPEF3PMGTFHVSBNFOUFBEPQUBSÓBUBMQPTUVSB BOUFTEFMMFHBSBMBQFMFB d) 4FHÞOFMBVUPS FMDPNQPSUBNJFOUPFTUÈiWJTUPCBKPFM QSJTNBIVNBOPw4JHOJGJDBRVFFTUBNPTPCTFSWBOEPZ IBDJFOEPJOUFSQSFUBDJPOFTEFMDPNQPSUBNJFOUPIVNBOPTPCSFOVFTUSBTQSPQJBTJEFBTZOPQVFEFODPOTJEFSBSTFUBOPCKFUJWBT e) "MMFWBOUBSMBQBUB BNCPTQFSSPTFTUÈOUSBUBOEPEF NBSDBSFMUFSSJUPSJP Página 61 31. a) &OFMUSBOTDVSTPEFMFYQFSJNFOUPTFWFSÈMBDVSWBUVSB EFMBQMBOUBIBDJBMBMV[ WB IBDJB FM DFMPGÈO B[VM 4F USBUB EF VOB SFTQVFTUB MFOUB c) )BCMBNPTEFEPTFTUÓNVMPTQPSRVF BVORVFTFUSBUB EF MV[  FTUBNPT JOWFTUJHBOEP EJGFSFOUFT UJQPT DBMJEBE 6OBFTMV[SPKBZMBPUSB MV[B[VM d) 4FEFDJEJØVUJMJ[BSQBQFMDFMPGÈOQPSRVFFMGJUPDSPNP TPMP TF FTUJNVMB BOUF FM SPKP : FM DSJQUPDSPNP Z MBT GJUPUSPQJOBT  BOUF MV[ B[VM  BVORVF FM DSJQUPDSPNP UBNCJÏO TF FTUJNVMB BOUF MB VMUSBWJPMFUB $POTFHVJS VOBMÈNQBSB67FTEJGÓDJM FOUPODFT BMNFOPTQPESFNPTEFDJEJSFOUSFMV[SPKBZMV[B[VM e) 4JMBQMBOUBTFDVSWBIBDJBMBWFOUBOBDPODFMPGÈOSPKP  TFUSBUBSÈEFMV[SPKB&ODBNCJP TJOPMFQBTBOBEB  QPESÓBTFSRVFTFUSBUFEFMDSJQUPDSPNPZTVTFOTJCJMJEBE B MB MV[ VMUSBWJPMFUB 4J CJFO TF QVFEF JOGFSJS  EFCFSÓB MMFWBSTFBDBCPVOBFYQFSJFODJBQBSBWFSMP"IPSB TJTF DVSWBIBDJBMBWFOUBOBDPODFMPGÈOB[VM PCJFOTFUSBUB EFMDSJQUPDSPNPPCJFOEFMBGJUPUSPQJOB-BOVFWBQSFHVOUBRVFTVSHFQPESÓBTFS{RVÏUJQPFTQFDÓGJDPEFSFDFQUPS EFTFODBEFOB MB SFTQVFTUB GPUPUSØQJDB  &O FTUF DBTP MBFYQFSJFODJBEFCFSÓBTFSTJNJMBS FTEFDJS JMVNJOBSMBUFSBMNFOUFDPOMV[674JTFDVSWB FTFMDSJQUPDSPNP TJOPTFDVSWB QPEFNPTJODMJOBSOPTBQFOTBSRVFTF USBUBEFMBGJUPUSPQJOB Páginas 64 y 65 36. a) /P OPFTDJFSUPRVFMBTTFNJMMBTEFMFDIVHBSFRVJFSFO b) c) d) Página 62 32. a) $BEB BMVNOP QPESÈ FOTBZBS BMHVOB IJQØUFTJT  QPS FKFNQMPEVSBOUFMBGPUPNPSGPHÏOFTJTTFBDUJWBOMPT DSJQUPDSPNPTZMPTGJUPDSPNPT4JDPMPDBNPTVOBQMBOUBCBKPMV[B[VM FOUPODFTFTUBDSFDFSÈNÈTRVFTJTFMB IBDFDSFDFSFODPOEJDJPOFTEFMV[SPKB b) 6OBPQDJØOQBSBBSNBSFMEJTF×PEFMBFYQFSJFODJBFT TJNJMBSBMBSFBMJ[BEBFOMBTFDDJØOi$JFODJBFOUVTNBOPTw BVORVFUBNCJÏOTFQVFEFVUJMJ[BSVOGPDPEFMV[ B[VMPSPKB4JOFNCBSHP FTUBTFHVOEBSFRVJFSFDJFSUPT © Santillana S.723 b) 4FFTQFSBRVFBMDBCPEFVOUJFNQPMBQMBOUBTFNVF- 14 BIO3_Docente. a) 3FTQVFTUBBCJFSUB b) "NCPT QFSSPT TF PMGBUFBO  DPNQPSUBNJFOUP RVF FT VTVBMFOUSFFMMPT&OFTUFDBTP EBJEFBEFDPOGJBO[BZ TFHVSJEBE TFYPZFTUBUVT c) /JOHVOPEFMPTEPTQFSSPTJOJDJBFMBUBRVFQPSRVFFTUÈO FO UFSSJUPSJP OFVUSBM  FT EFDJS RVF OJOHVOP FT iQSPQJFUBSJPwEFFTFUFSSJUPSJP&TQPSFTUPNJTNPQPS MP RVF OJOHVOP BEPQUB MB TVNJTJØO  QPSRVF TFSÓB DPNPDFEFSQPEFS&OPUSPDBTP QPSFKFNQMP 8PMGFO e) MV[QBSBHFSNJOBS ZBRVFFOMBPTDVSJEBEPDPOMV[SPKB MFKBOBIBZNFOPTQPSDFOUBKFSFTQFDUPEFMBMV[SPKB 4PCSFMBTTFNJMMBTTFFGFDUVBSPOFYQPTJDJPOFTBMUFSOBEBTEFEJGFSFOUFTUJQPTEFMV[SPKBZSPKBMFKBOB -PTJOWFTUJHBEPSFTBOBMJ[BSPOMBHFSNJOBDJØOZFYQSFTBSPOFMQPSDFOUBKF FYQSFTBDVÈOUBTDPOSFMBDJØOBM UPUBM RVFDPOTUJUVZFFM  1PTJCMFNFOUFMPTDJFOUÓGJDPTIBZBORVFSJEPQSPGVOEJ[BSSFTQFDUPEFMPTFGFDUPTRVFUJFOFTPCSFMBHFSNJOBDJØO MB NPEJGJDBDJØO EF TV BNCJFOUF MVNÓOJDP Z DØNPFTUPSFQFSDVUFTPCSFFTUFGFOØNFOP0TJVOB WF[JOIJCJEPFMQSPDFTP QPEÓBSFWFSUJSTF&TUFBTQFDUP EFMBDJFODJBFTJNQPSUBOUFSFUPNBSMPDPOMPTBMVNOPTMPTQSPCMFNBTSFTVFMUPTTJFNQSFHFOFSBOOVFWPT QSPCMFNBT BMBWF[RVFMPTGFOØNFOPTTJFNQSFTPO JOWFTUJHBEPTFOQSPGVOEJEBE EFOUSPEFMPRVFFTUÈBM BMDBODF&TUBFYQFSJFODJB FOFGFDUP GVFMBRVFQFSNJUJØ FOVODJBS RVF FYJTUÓB VO GPUPSSFDFQUPS FTQFDÓGJDP EFMV[SPKBZQFSNJUJØDPNQSFOEFSEFRVÏNBOFSBMBT QMBOUBTDBQUBOMBQSFTFODJBEFQMBOUBTWFDJOBT 6OPQVFEFWFSRVF FOBVTFODJBEFMV[ MBHFSNJOBDJØOFTUBOTPMPEFM&TUFEBUPFTJNQPSUBOUFZB RVF TBCFNPT RVF FTUBT TFNJMMBT SFRVJFSFO MV[ P  BM NFOPT  RVF GBWPSFDF MB HFSNJOBDJØO " QBSUJS EF ÏM  QVFEFOJOUFSQSFUBSTFMPTEFNÈTSFTVMUBEPT-BMV[SPKB JOEVDFMBHFSNJOBDJØO TJOFNCBSHP TJTFBMUFSOBDPO MV[SPKBMFKBOB TFJOIJCFFOWBSJBTEFFMMBT:TFSFWJFSUFBMJMVNJOBSDPOMV[SPKBPUSBWF[1PSMPRVFTFWF MP RVFEFUFSNJOBMBHFSNJOBDJØOFTMBÞMUJNBJMVNJOBDJØOSFDJCJEB ZFMQSPDFTPFTSFWFSTJCMF 38.A.JDLFZ. -BTUSBOTGPSNBDJPOFTGÓTJDBTQPSMBTRVFQBTØFMQFSTPOBKF TPORVFTVDBSBTFIJ[PNÈTSFEPOEFBEB TVTPKPT NÈT HSBOEFTZFTNÈTSFDIPODIP Página 63 35.PVTF DPNPNÈTUFSOVSBZTJNQBUÓBFOFMÞMUJNP 33. Ley 11. $BEB BMVNOP QPESÈ FYQSFTBS TVT TFOUJNJFOUPT BOUF MB JNBHFOEFMBFWPMVDJØOEF. -PT BSUJTUBT EF %JTOFZ GVFSPO DBNCJBOEP FM BTQFDUP EFM QFSTPOBKFIBDJÏOEPMPDBEBWF[NÈTKVWFOJM BMBWF[RVFTV DPOEVDUBTFNPEJGJDBCBEFKBOEPEFTFSBHSFTJWPQBSBTFS NÈTBNBCMFZTJNQÈUJDP&TUPTFSFMBDJPOBDPOMBUFSOVSB RVFOPTQSPEVDFOMPTBOJNBMFTDPOSBTHPTKVWFOJMFT 34.VODBTPNÈTDPNQMFKP EFWBSJPTTPOJEPTEJGFSFOUFTRVF EFTFODBEFOBOEJGFSFOUFTDPNQPSUBNJFOUPTFOMPTNPOPT WFSWFU 30. Prohibida su fotocopia. t *OOBUJTNP DPNQPSUBNJFOUPT RVF FTUÈO QSFTFOUFT EFTEFFMOBDJNJFOUPEFMBOJNBM t  $PNVOJDBDJØOBDDJØORVFUJFOFDPNPQSJODJQBMDPN QPOFOUFFMJOUFSDBNCJPEFTF×BMFTZSFTQVFTUBTFOUSF MPTPSHBOJTNPTEFVOBDPNVOJEBE 7FSFOFMHMPTBSJPEFMMJCSPMBTEFNÈTEFGJOJDJPOFT 37.

el dulce. 4 Estímulos y respuestas en las células Página 73 5. FMBNBSHPZFMumami. Los cinco sabores básicos son el ácido. a)  -BTQPMJMMBTSFTQPOEFOBDFSDÈOEPTFBMBMV[ b) &MFTUÓNVMPRVFQSPWPDØMBSFTQVFTUBFTMVNÓOJDP c) -B SFTQVFTUB EF MBT QPMJMMBT TF QBSFDF BM TJTUFNB EF IVJEBEFMBDVDBSBDIBFORVFBNCBTTPOSFTQVFTUBT QSPWPDBEBTQPSFMFTUÓNVMPEFMV[ BVORVFFOVOPFT QPTJUJWB TF BDFSDB  Z FO FM DBTP EF MB DVDBSBDIB  FT OFHBUJWB TFBMFKB  41. Prohibida su fotocopia.BMMPQIPSBDPNPFMHVTBOPCMBODPSFTQPOEFOQBTBOEPBVOB FUBQBEFMFUBSHP $PNPWJNPTQBSBFMDBTPEFMBTQMBOUBT MPTFGFDUPTEF MPTJOTFDUJDJEBTQBSBFWJUBSMBTQMBHBTTPOOPDJWPTTPCSFFMBNCJFOUF&OFTUFDBTP OPTFSÓBBTÓ &MVTPEFMallophoraQPESÓBUFOFSFGFDUPTOFHBUJWPT TPCSFMBBQJDVMUVSBQPSRVFFOTVGBTFBEVMUBBUBDBB JØOJDPTRVFUJFOFODPNPTF×BMFTJOEVDUPSBTBMPT)+ZB MPT/B+ SFTQFDUJWBNFOUF-PTSFDFQUPSFTQBSBMPTTBCPSFT EVMDF BNBSHPZumamiTPO FODBNCJP SFDFQUPSFTBTPDJBEPT B QSPUFÓOBT ( RVF SFTQPOEFO B MPT FTUÓNVMPT EF NPMÏDVMBT PSHÈOJDBT DPNP MPT B[ÞDBSFT  MPT DPNQVFTUPT OJUSPHFOBEPTZMPTBNJOPÈDJEPT SFTQFDUJWBNFOUF 12.-BGPUPEFMPTTVSJDBUBTNVFTUSBVODPNQPSUBNJFOUPTPDJBM EF WJHJMBODJB -B GPUP EF MPT QJOHàJOPT NVFTUSB VO DPNQPSUBNJFOUPEFDVJEBEPTQBSFOUBMFT-BGPUPEFMBWF GSBHBUBNVFTUSBVODPNQPSUBNJFOUPEFDPSUFKP FMNBDIP FYIJCFTVCPMTBSPKB 43. &OMBTQSJODJQBMFTGVODJPOFTEFMBNFNCSBOBQMBTNÈUJDB  DPNPMBQFSNFBCJMJEBETFMFDUJWB MPTSFDFQUPSFTEFNFNCSBOB Z MBT VOJPOFT JOUFSDFMVMBSFT JOUFSWJFOFO MBT QSPUFÓOBT&YJTUFOEPTUJQPTEFQSPUFÓOBTFOMBNFNCSBOBQMBTNÈUJDBMBTQSPUFÓOBTJOUFHSBMFTZMBTQSPUFÓOBTQFSJGÏSJDBT Página 76 7. -BNFNCSBOBQMBTNÈUJDBFTFTUSVDUVSBMNFOUFBTJNÏUSJDB QPSRVFEFMMBEPFYUFSOPQPTFFIJESBUPTEFDBSCPOPVOJEPTBQSPUFÓOBTPMÓQJEPT 6. el salado. 3FTQVFTUBBCJFSUB 10.A. -BTTF×BMFTRVÓNJDBTRVFBUSBWJFTBOMBNFNCSBOBQMBTNÈUJDBTPONPMÏDVMBTQFRVF×BTZMJQPTPMVCMFT Página 79 8.&ODVBMRVJFSDBTP FMQBTPGJOBMFOFTUBWÓBFTMBTF×BMEF $B2+RVFQSPEVDFMBFYPDJUPTJTEFMOFVSPUSBOTNJTPSZTV DBQUBDJØOQPSMBOFVSPOBTFOTPSJBMQSJNBSJB"MMMFHBSBM DBQÓUVMP MPTBMVNOPTQPESÈOSFDPOPDFSMBTEJGFSFOUFT OFVSPOBTZDPNQSFOEFSÈOMBJOUFHSBDJØOEFTEFMBSFDFQDJØOEFMPTFTUÓNVMPTIBTUBMBMMFHBEBEFMJNQVMTPOFSWJPTPBUSBWÏTEFMBTOFVSPOBTTFOTJUJWBT 13. 3FTQVFTUBBCJFSUB&MUFNBEFMTJTUFNBOFSWJPTPFOFMTFS IVNBOPTFSÈUSBUBEPFOFMDBQÓUVMP4FTVHJFSFWPMWFSB 15 BIO3_Docente.indd 15 1/22/10 4:57:22 PM . 11. Ley 11. -B PQDJØO DPSSFDUB FT MB D  -BT QMBOUBT SFRVJFSFO DJFSUB DBOUJEBE EF MV[PTDVSJEBE QBSB GMPSFDFS /P PCTUBOUF  FMMBTNJEFOMPTQFSÓPEPTEFPTDVSJEBE&TUBQMBOUBSFRVJFSF NFOPT EF EPDF IPSBT EF MV[ QBSB GMPSFDFS 5BNCJÏO TBCFNPTRVFFMGPUPQFSÓPEPTFDVFOUBFOGVODJØOEFMEÓB IT 4JTFJMVNJOBUPEPFMEÓB OPIBCSÈFTUÓNVMPJOEJDBEPSMPNJTNPTVDFEFSÈDPOMBPTDVSJEBE&OFMDBTPE  JOUFSSVNQJFOEP FM QFSÓPEP EF MV[  JOEFQFOEJFOUFNFOUF EFMNPNFOUPEFMEÓB OVODBQPESÈUFOFSNFOPTEFEPDF IPSBTEFMV[ ZBRVFFTUÈTJFNQSFJMVNJOBEB ZBEFNÈT  DPNPEJKJNPT NJEFQFSÓPEPTEFPTDVSJEBE&OFMÞMUJNP DBTP MBQMBOUBFTUBSÓBNJEJFOEPEPDFIPSBTEFPTDVSJEBE Z QPSFOEF EPDFIPSBTEFMV[ ZFMMBSFRVJFSFNFOPT&O FMDBTPD JOUFSSVNQJFOEPDBEBUSFDFIPSBTMBPTDVSJEBE  MBQMBOUBSFDJCJSÈFMFTUÓNVMPBEFDVBEPZSFTQPOEFSÈ 40. a) 1BSB DPNQSPCBS RVF FO MBT DÏMVMBT WFHFUBMFT MB MV[ FTUJNVMBMBBDUJWJEBEDFMVMBSEFCFSÓBOVUJMJ[BSFMDPSUF PQSFQBSBEPIJTUPMØHJDP-PTQBTPTBTFHVJSTFSÓBOMPT EFTDSJQUPTFOMBUÏDOJDB/PIBDFGBMUBFMDPSUFQPSRVF MBIPKJUBEFFMPEFBFTNVZEFMHBEBZTFQVFEFPCTFSWBSEJSFDUBNFOUF b) -PTDMPSPQMBTUPTTPOMPTRVFFWJEFODJBOFMNPWJNJFOUPEFMPTPSHÈOVMPTBMSFEFEPSEFMOÞDMFPDFMVMBS QPSRVFBMUFOFSDMPSPGJMBTPOWFSEFTZTFPCTFSWBOBUSBWÏTEFMNJDSPTDPQJP Página 80 9. a) &O MB TFDDJØO i/P UF MP QJFSEBTw TF QSPQPSDJPOBO EPT BSUÓDVMPTRVFQPESÓBOVUJMJ[BSTF6OPEFMPTBSHVNFOUPT BGBWPSQPESÓBTFSRVFMBTMFPOBTQVFEFOSFDPOPDFSTJ VO HSVQP SJWBM FT NÈT OVNFSPTP &TUP QBSFDF JOEJDBS RVF UJFOFO BMHVOB IBCJMJEBE QBSB SFDPOPDFS DBOUJEBEFT6OBSHVNFOUPFODPOUSBEFMJOOBUJTNPQPESÓBTFS MBDPOEVDUBBHSFTJWBEFMPTHPMQFBEPSFT b) &MHSVQPQPESÈJODMJOBSTFBOUFVOBVPUSBQPTUVSBP BSHVNFOUBSRVFMBDPOEVDUBIVNBOBQVFEFQSFTFOUBS BNCPTDPNQPOFOUFT 42.723 MBTBCFKBT EFIFDIP TFMPDPOPDFDPOFMOPNCSFWVMHBSEFiDB[BEPSEFBCFKBTw$VBOEPFTUBMBSWB RVFFT JNQPSUBOUFQBSBDPOUSPMBSMBTQMBHBTEFMDVMUJWBSEF QBQB MMFHBBMFTUBEJPEFBEVMUP QPESÓBSFTVMUBSQFSKVEJDJBMQBSBMBBQJDVMUVSB&OUPODFT TFSÓBJNQPSUBOUF VUJMJ[BSMPBDPODJFODJBFJOWFTUJHBOEPNVZCJFODØNP VUJMJ[BSMPFGJDB[NFOUF c) d) e) f) DPEFMHVTBOPCMBODP QMBHBEFDVMUJWBSFTEFQBQB &MNPTDBSEØOBUBDBBMFTDBSBCBKPEVSBOUFTVGBTFEF MBSWB -PTHVTBOPTTFVCJDBOFOFMTVFMP BQPDPTNFUSPTEF QSPGVOEJEBE1PTJCMFNFOUFTFEFCBBTF×BMFTRVÓNJDBT RVFHVÓBOTVPSJFOUBDJØO $VBOEPFMBNCJFOUFUÏSNJDPDBNCJB UBOUP.DVJEBEPT  ZB RVF EFCF EFKBSTF FODFOEJEB EVSBOUF UPEBMBFYQFSJFODJB c) 4J TF RVJFSF TBCFS DØNP JOGMVZF FM UJQP EF MV[ FO FM DSFDJNJFOUP TFEFCFODPNQBSBSBMUVSBT DBOUJEBEEF IPKBT UJFNQPEFDSFDJNJFOUP FOUSFPUSPTBTQFDUPT 39.-PTSFDFQUPSFTQBSBMPTTBCPSFTÈDJEPZTBMBEPTPODBOBMFT a) &MNPTDBSEØOTFQPESÓBVUJMJ[BSDPNPDPOUSPMCJPMØHJb) © Santillana S.

Fagocitosis La bomba de sodio-potasio permite mantener dentro de la célula bajas concentraciones de sodio y altas de potasio. a) &OMPTTFSFTQMVSJDFMVMBSFTDPFYJTUFONJMMPOFTEFDÏMVMBTRVFSFBMJ[BOEFUFSNJOBEBTGVODJPOFTFTQFDÓGJDBT 5PEBTFTUBTDÏMVMBTTFDPNVOJDBOFOUSFTÓFJOUFSDBNCJBONBUFSJBZFOFSHÓBDPOFMNFEJPBNCJFOUFQBSB NBOUFOFS TV IPNFPTUBTJT  FT EFDJS  MBT DPOEJDJPOFT JOUFSOBTEFOUSPEFDJFSUPTMÓNJUFTFTUBCMFT b) "MHVOBTDÏMVMBTSFHVMBOMBQSPMJGFSBDJØOEFPUSBT/PSNBMNFOUF MBTDÏMVMBTTFSFQSPEVDFODVBOEPSFDJCFO FMFTUÓNVMPFTQFDÓGJDP%FFTUBNBOFSBTFBTFHVSBOMBT DBSBDUFSÓTUJDBTZFMUBNB×PEFVOUFKJEP BEFDVBEBTB © Santillana S. a) &MUSBOTQPSUFFONBTBTFMMFWBBDBCPDVBOEPMBDÏMVMB UJFOF RVF JODPSQPSBS QBSUÓDVMBT EF HSBO UBNB×P  DPNPNBDSPNPMÏDVMBT WJSVT CBDUFSJBT FUD"QBSUJS EF MB NFNCSBOB QMBTNÈUJDB TF GPSNB VOB WFTÓDVMB RVFDPOUJFOFFOTVJOUFSJPSMBPMBTQBSUÓDVMBTJOHFSJEBT4JMBDÏMVMBJODPSQPSBVOBQBSUÓDVMBTØMJEB TFMMB- DÏMVMBTFEFOPNJOBBVUPDSJOB-BQBSBDSJOBBDUÞBTPCSFDÏMVMBTDFSDBOBT f) 'BMTP6OBNJTNBTF×BMQVFEFPSJHJOBSEJTUJOUPUJQP EFSFTQVFTUBDFMVMBS TFHÞO KVTUBNFOUF FMUJQPDFMVMBSRVFBGFDUF g) 'BMTP &M DPNQMFKP TF×BMSFDFQUPS UBNCJÏO TF QVFEF GPSNBSFOFMDJUPQMBTNB h) 7FSEBEFSP 22. Difusión simple 20. Ley 11. Difusión facilitada En la membrana se forman vesículas que engloban una bacteria para luego incorporarla al interior celular.&MUSBOTQPSUFQBTJWPBUSBWÏTEFMBNFNCSBOBTFSFBMJ[BB GBWPS EFM HSBEJFOUF EF DPODFOUSBDJØO EFTEF MB [POB EF NBZPSDPODFOUSBDJØOBMBEFNFOPSDPODFOUSBDJØO ZTJO HBTUP EF FOFSHÓB  NJFOUSBT RVF FM USBOTQPSUF BDUJWP TF QSPEVDFFODPOUSBEFMHSBEJFOUFEFDPODFOUSBDJØOZDPO HBTUPEFFOFSHÓB)BZEPTDSJUFSJPTQBSBDMBTJGJDBSFMNFDBOJTNPEFFOEPDJUPTJT6OPFTQPSFMUJQPEFQBSUÓDVMBTJMB QBSUÓDVMBJOHFSJEBFTTØMJEB MBFOEPDJUPTJTTFMMBNBiGBHPDJUPTJTwDVBOEPTFFODVFOUSBFOVONFEJPMÓRVJEPTFEFOPNJOB iQJOPDJUPTJTw &M PUSP TF SFMBDJPOB DPO MB GPSNB DPNPTPOJOHFSJEBTMBTQBSUÓDVMBTTJMBJODPSQPSBDJØOFTUÈ NFEJBEBQPSSFDFQUPSFTEFNFNCSBOB MBFOEPDJUPTJTFT FTQFDÓGJDB QFSPTJMBTQBSUÓDVMBTJOHSFTBOFOSFMBDJØODPO MBDPODFOUSBDJØORVFUJFOFOEFOUSPEFMBDÏMVMB MBFOEPDJUPTJTFTJOFTQFDÓGJDB 23.A. 3FTQVFTUBBCJFSUB 16. Ósmosis El calcio atraviesa la membrana con la “ayuda” de proteínas transportadoras. pero sin gasto de energía. a)  2 b) ' c)  2 d) 2 e)  ' f)  ' a) 7FSEBEFSP b) 'BMTP -BT CBDUFSJBT SFTQPOEFO B NVDIPT FTUÓNVMPT RVÓNJDPTZGÓTJDPT c) 7FSEBEFSP d) 'BMTP-BTDÏMVMBTEJBOBPCMBODPTPOMBTRVFSFDJCFO 19.indd 16 1/22/10 4:57:23 PM .723 Fenómeno ocurrido e) 'BMTP -B TF×BM RVF QSPEVDF VO FGFDUP FO MB NJTNB 16 BIO3_Docente. Prohibida su fotocopia. e) NBGBHPDJUPTJTTJFTVOBQBSUÓDVMBFONFEJPMÓRVJEP  TFEFOPNJOBQJOPDJUPTJT 6OBQSPUFÓOBJOUFHSBMFTVOBQSPUFÓOBRVFTFFODVFOUSBFOMBNFNCSBOBZQVFEFGPSNBSQBSUFEFFMMBP BUSBWFTBSMBEFMBEPBMBEPVOBPWBSJBTWFDFT 6OBCPNCBFTUÈGPSNBEBQPSQSPUFÓOBTJOUFHSBMFTEF MBNFNCSBOB-BVUJMJ[BMBDÏMVMBFOFMUSBOTQPSUFBDUJWPEFTVTUBODJBTBUSBWÏTEFMBNFNCSBOBQMBTNÈUJDB 6OBTF×BMZVYUBDSJOBFTVOFTUÓNVMPRVFVOBDÏMVMB JOEVDUPSBFOWÓBBVOBDÏMVMBCMBODP1VFEFIBDFSMPB USBWÏTEFMPTEFTNPTPNBTPVOJPOFTHBQ QFSPUBNCJÏOQPSDPOUBDUPEJSFDUPEFMBDÏMVMBRVFQSFTFOUBMB TF×BMFOMBNFNCSBOBDPOMBDÏMVMBRVFQPTFFFMSFDFQUPSFTQFDÓGJDP 6ODBOBMJØOJDPFTUÈGPSNBEPQPSVODPOKVOUPEFQSPUFÓOBTJOUFHSBMFTDVZBBQFSUVSBPDJFSSFEFQFOEFEFMB DBQUBDJØOEFMBTF×BMFTQFDÓGJDBQSPWFOJFOUFEFMNFEJPFYUSBDFMVMBS 21.FTUBMFDUVSBVOBWF[RVFTFQSPGVOEJDFOMPTDPOPDJNJFOUPT TPCSFFMDFSFCSPZMBUSBOTNJTJØOEFMJNQVMTPOFSWJPTP 14. FMFTUÓNVMP Tipo de transporte El monóxido de nitrógeno atraviesa libremente la bicapa lipídica.-PTiSFDFQUPSFTPMGBUPSJPTwTFFODVFOUSBOFOMBNFNCSB- d) OBEFMBQJF[BNFEJBPDVFMMPEFMGMBHFMPEFMFTQFSNBUP[PJEF 17.$POPDFSDØNPTFSFDJCFO DØNPTFSFBMJ[BMBUSBOTEVDDJØO ZDØNPTFQFSDJCFOMBTTF×BMFTHVTUBUJWBTOPTQVFEFTFSWJS QPSFKFNQMP QBSBNPEJGJDBSDJFSUPTTBCPSFTEFTBHSBEBCMFTEFMPTNFEJDBNFOUPTPNFKPSBSFMTBCPSEFEFUFSNJOBEPTBMJNFOUPT b) c) Página 81 15. Transporte activo a través de la membrana El agua atraviesa la membrana plasmática sin gasto de energía.-BTJOWFTUJHBDJPOFTSFBMJ[BEBTQPOFOFOFWJEFODJBRVFMPT iSFDFQUPSFT PMGBUPSJPTw FTUÈO EJSFDUBNFOUF SFMBDJPOBEPT DPOMBRVJNJPUBYJTQPTJUJWBEFMPTFTQFSNBUP[PJEFT Páginas 82 y 83 18.

Prohibida su fotocopia. 4JFMWBMPSGVFSBDBEBWF[NÈTOFHBUJWP MBNFNCSBOBFTUBSÓBNÈTMFKPTEFMWBMPSVNCSBM QPSMPUBOUP TFSÓBOOFDFTBSJPT FTUÓNVMPT EF NBZPS JOUFOTJEBE QBSB QSPWPDBS VO QPUFODJBMEFBDDJØO Página 93 7. a) -BUPYJOBCPUVMÓOJDBFTVOBOFVSPUPYJOBRVFJNQJEF MB MJCFSBDJØO EF BDFUJMDPMJOB FO MBT VOJPOFT OFVSPNVTDVMBSFTPFOPUSBTVOJPOFTDPMJOÏSHJDBTZQSPEVDF VOB EFOFSWBDJØO QBSDJBM SFWFSTJCMF EF MPT NÞTDVMPT EPOEFTFJOZFDUBPEFMBTHMÈOEVMBTFYPDSJOBT-VFHP EFTVJOZFDDJØOJOUSBNVTDVMBS JOUSBEÏSNJDBPJOUSB- 17 BIO3_Docente."OUFEFUFSNJOBEBTTJUVBDJPOFT QVFEFPDVSSJSRVFTFFTUJNVMFOBNCPTTJTUFNBTBMBWF[ZTFQSPEV[DBVODPMBQTP 4FHÞOMBJOUFOTJEBEEFMBFTUJNVMBDJØO QSFWBMFDFSÈVOB SFTQVFTUBVPUSB-BTFOTBDJØOEFCPDBTFDBTFEFCFBMB BDDJØOTJNQÈUJDBRVFFTUJNVMBMBQSPEVDDJØOEFQFRVF×BTDBOUJEBEFTEFTBMJWBWJTDPTB-BFTUJNVMBDJØOTJNQÈUJDBJOIJCFUPEBTMBTGVODJPOFTEJHFTUJWBT QPSFTPUFOFNPT FTBTFOTBDJØOFOFMFTUØNBHP&ODVBOUPBMMMBOUP FM4/1 FTUJNVMBMBQSPEVDDJØOEFMÈHSJNBT Página 101 12. -BTFOGFSNFEBEFTEFTNJFMJOJ[BOUFTUJFOFOEJTUJOUPTFGFD© Santillana S. "MJOBDUJWBSTFMBFO[JNB TFQSPEVDFVOBBDVNVMBDJØOEF UPTTFHÞODVÈMFTTFBOMBTOFVSPOBTBGFDUBEBT-BQÏSEJEB EFNJFMJOBQSPEVDFVOBEJTNJOVDJØOFOMBWFMPDJEBEEF DPOEVDDJØOEFMJNQVMTPOFSWJPTP4JMBEFTNJFMJOJ[BDJØO FTMPTVGJDJFOUFNFOUFHSBWF QVFEFTFSRVFFMQPUFODJBMEF BDDJØO OP MMFHVF DPO TVGJDJFOUF GVFS[B IBTUB FM QSØYJNP OØEVMPEF3BOWJFS QPSMPUBOUP FMBYØOTFSÈJODBQB[EF QSPQBHBSFMQPUFODJBMEFBDDJØO ZFTUPQVFEFQSPEVDJSMB QÏSEJEB EFM DPOUSPM NPUPS -PT BGFDUBEPT EF FTDMFSPTJT NÞMUJQMFTVGSFOEFCJMJEBE GBMUBEFDPPSEJOBDJØO BMUFSBDJPOFTEFMIBCMBZEFMBWJTJØO&TUPTFEFCFBMBTNPEJGJDBDJPOFTRVFTVGSFMBWBJOBEFNJFMJOBEFMPTBYPOFTEFM DFSFCSP  MB NÏEVMB FTQJOBM  MB DPMVNOB WFSUFCSBM Z MPT OFSWJPTØQUJDPT ZFOMBQBSUFJOGFSJPSEFMBFTQBMEB MVNCBS EFMBNÏEVMB FTQJOBM-PTBYPOFTEFM4/1TVSHFOEFMBSFHJØODSBOFBOBZ EFMB[POBTBDSB FOFMGJOBMEFMBNÏEVMBFTQJOBM 11.-PTBYPOFTEFM4/4TFPSJHJOBOFOFMQFDIP SFHJØOUPSÈDJDB  Tiempo Tiempo 6.723 Página 95 8. 6ONPEPEFPSHBOJ[BSMBJOGPSNBDJØOUSBCBKBEBTPCSFFM TJTUFNBOFSWJPTPQVFEFTFS Sistema nervioso Constituido por Función DFOUSBM 4/$ &ODÏGBMPZNÏEVMB espinal. 4JFMFTUÓNVMPFTTVGJDJFOUFQBSBEFTQPMBSJ[BSMBNFNCSBOB MBSFTQVFTUBFTMBNJTNB-BEJGFSFODJBFTUÈFOMBGSFDVFODJB " NBZPS FTUÓNVMP  NBZPS FT MB GSFDVFODJB EF iEJTQBSPTw4FFTQFSBRVFQVFEBOFTRVFNBUJ[BSBMHPTJNJMBSBFTUFHSÈGJDP EPOEFTFHÞOMBJOUFOTJEBEEFMFTUÓNVMP  BVNFOUBMBGSFDVFODJBEFQPUFODJBMFTEFBDDJØO&MFKFNQMP EF MB WFMB TFSÓB FM EJCVKP TVQFSJPS Z MB FYQMPTJØO TF VCJDBSÓBFOFMTFHVOEPFKFNQMP Intensidad del estímulo Potencial de acción BDFUJMDPMJOBFOFMFTQBDJPTJOÈQUJDP MPRVFQVFEFQSPEVDJS UFNCMPSFT DBMBNCSFTZDPOUSBDDJØONVTDVMBSQFSNBOFOUF RVFQVFEFPDBTJPOBSQBSÈMJTJT Página 97 9. Ley 11.&OMBSFTQVFTUBSFGMFKBJOUFSWJFOFOGJCSBTTFOTJUJWBTZNPUPSBTEFMBNÏEVMBFTQJOBM Página 102 14. Procesar la inforNBDJØOZFMBCPSBS MBSFTQVFTUB TPNÈUJDP 4/4 PEF MBWJEBEF relación /FSWJPTRVFQBSUFO EFMFODÏGBMPZEFMB NÏEVMBFTQJOBM -MFWBSMBJOGPSNBDJØOEFTEFMPT SFDFQUPSFTIBTUB FM4/$ZMBTSFT QVFTUBTIBTUBMPT ØSHBOPTFGFDUPSFT 4VBDDJØOFTWPMVOUBSJBZDPOTDJFOUF BVUØOPNP 4/" P EFMBWJEB WFHFUBUJWB /FSWJPTZHBOHMJPT $POFDUBSMPT NÞTDVMPT JOWPMVOUBSJPTZ las glándulas con FM4/$4VBDDJØO FTJOWPMVOUBSJBF JODPOTDJFOUF 4FEJWJEFFO4/ TJNQÈUJDPZ4/ QBSBTJNQÈUJDP QFSJGÏSJDP  4/1 Página 98 10.A. a) -BTTF×BMFTFYUFSOBTRVFiBOVODJBOwBMBTDÏMVMBTTPO GBDUPSFT EF DSFDJNJFOUP RVF FTUJNVMBO MB EJWJTJØO Z GBDUPSFTJOIJCJEPSFTRVFMBEFUJFOFO b) -BiDBTDBEBwTFSÓBMBUSBOTEVDDJØOEFMBTF×BM&OFTUB FUBQB MBTF×BMTFBNQMJGJDB c) -BTQSPUFÓOBTFODBSHBEBTEFJOJDJBSMBSFTQVFTUBDFMVMBSTPOMBTDJDMJOBTZMBTRVJOBTBT 5 El control nervioso Página 92 5.indd 17 1/22/10 4:57:24 PM .&MBDUPSFGMFKPFTMBSFTQVFTUBDPSSFTQPOEJFOUFBMGVODJPOBNJFOUP EF VO HSVQP EF OFVSPOBT RVF  FO DPOKVOUP  DPOTUJUVZFO FM BSDP SFGMFKP &M BSDP SFGMFKP FT MB VOJEBE GVODJPOBMEFMBDUPSFGMFKP 13.MBTOFDFTJEBEFTEFMDVFSQP4JFTUBDPNVOJDBDJØOZSFHVMBDJØOOPFYJTUFPGBMMB MBTDÏMVMBTTJHVFOTVTQSPQJBTJOTUSVDDJPOFTJOUFSOBTEFSFQSPEVDDJØO"MHVOBT EFMBTDPOTFDVFODJBTTPOFMEFTBSSPMMPEFUVNPSFTDBODFSÓHFOPTRVFQVFEFODPOEVDJSBMBNVFSUFEFMPSHBOJTNP &TUB DPOTJHOB QVFEF USBCBKBSTF Z BNQMJBSTF MVFHPEFMFFSi-BQPTUBwEFFTUFDBQÓUVMP 24.

-BGSFOPMPHÓBGVFVOQSJNFSJOUFOUPEFBTJHOBSEJTUJOUBT GVODJPOFTBDJFSUBT[POBTEFMDFSFCSP"DUVBMNFOUF DVBOEPMBTOFVSPDJFODJBTDPHOJUJWBTDPODJCFOFMDFSFCSPDPNP VOB NBMMB DPNQMFKB  GPSNBEB QPS NJMFT EF NJMMPOFT EF DÏMVMBT OFSWJPTBT FOUSFMB[BEBT  TJUVBEBT FO QVOUPT NVZ EJTUBOUFTVOBTEFPUSBTZDPPSEJOBEBTFOMBFKFDVDJØOEF TVTUBSFBT TJHVFWJWBMBQSFPDVQBDJØOQPSMBMPDBMJ[BDJØO -B EJGFSFODJB GVOEBNFOUBM FT RVF MB GSFOPMPHÓB DPSSFMBDJPOBCBVOBEFUFSNJOBEB[POBDPOVOBGVODJØOFTQFDÓGJDB0USBEJGFSFODJBJNQPSUBOUÓTJNBFTRVFFTUBUFPSÓBTPTUFOÓBRVFMBDBQBDJEBEEFGVODJPOBNJFOUPEFDBEBVOBTF DPSSFMBDJPOBCBDPOTVUBNB×PZMBFYUFOTJØOQFSJGÏSJDB "EFNÈT QMBOUFBCBRVFBMTFSFMDPOUPSOPDSBOFBMQBSBMFMP B MB TVQFSGJDJF EFM DFSFCSP  VO PCTFSWBEPS QPEÓB MFFS DBSBDUFSÓTUJDBTNFOUBMFTBQBSUJSEFMBGPSNBEFMDSÈOFP &TBDMBTJGJDBDJØOEFMPTJOTUJOUPTZEFMBTGBDVMUBEFTNPSBMFTFJOUFMFDUVBMFT BSCJUSBSJBQPSNVDIPTDPODFQUPT OP UJFOFTVSFQSFTFOUBDJØOFYBDUBFOMPTØSHBOPTDFSFCSBMFT 28. a) &MHMVUBNBUPFTVOOFVSPUSBOTNJTPSFYDJUBUPSJP"DUÞB FO MB NFNCSBOB QPTUTJOÈQUJDB &O MPT DBTPT FYQFSJNFOUBMFTFOMPTRVFTFBENJOJTUSBSPODBOUJEBEFTFMFWBEBT EF HMVUBNBUP  TF PCTFSWØ RVF FM EB×P FTUBCB SFTUSJOHJEPBMBTDÏMVMBTQPTUTJOÈQUJDBTMBTEFOESJUBTEF FTUBT OFVSPOBT FTUBCBO UVNFGBDUBT  NJFOUSBT RVF MBT © Santillana S. Ley 11.MB JNQPSUBODJB EFM FTUVEJP SFBMJ[BEP FO FM *OTUJUVUP EF /FVSPMPHÓBEF-POESFTFTMBSFMBDJØOFOUSFMBQFSDFQDJØO EFMBGPSNBDPSQPSBMZMBBDUJWJEBEEFMBDPSUF[BQBSJFUBM 17.723 HMBOEVMBS MBUPYJOBTFVOFBMUFSNJOBMOFSWJPTP ZMVFHP EF VO QSPDFTP EF JOUFSOBMJ[BDJØO  JOHSFTB FO MB DÏMVMBZBMMÓJNQJEFFMQBTPEFMBBDFUJMDPMJOBBMBIFOEJEVSBTJOÈQUJDB QSPWPDBOEPMBJODBQBDJEBEQBSBMB DPOUSBDDJØO NVTDVMBS P MB TFDSFDJØO HMBOEVMBS -BT HMÈOEVMBTTVEPSÓQBSBTSFDJCFOJOFSWBDJØOTJNQÈUJDBZ TV OFVSPUSBOTNJTPS FT MB BDFUJMDPMJOB "M JOGJMUSBS MB [POBDPOCØUPY TFJOIJCFMBMJCFSBDJØOEFBDFUJMDPMJOB Z QPSMPUBOUP TFJOIJCFMBTFDSFDJØOEFTVEPS b) -BUPYJOBCPUVMÓOJDBTFFTUÈVUJMJ[BOEPDPOHSBOÏYJUP QBSBUSBUBSMBTBSSVHBT-BBENJOJTUSBDJØOMPDBMQSPEVDFFMSFMBKBNJFOUPEFMPTNÞTDVMPTJOWPMVDSBEPT DPO VOFGFDUPEFBMJTBEPEFMBQJFM5BNCJÏOQVFEFVUJMJ[BSTFDPNPDPNQMFNFOUPFODBTPTEFIFNJFTQBTNPT GBDJBMFT QPTUFSJPSFT B VOB QBSÈMJTJT  EPOEF TF JOGJMUSB CJMBUFSBMNFOUFQBSBRVFMBDBSBRVFEFTJNÏUSJDB 18 BIO3_Docente.&TUFDBTPUBOQBSUJDVMBSIBQFSNJUJEPFTUBCMFDFSFMQBQFM QSJODJQBMRVFFOFMQFOTBNJFOUPZFOOVFTUSBDBQBDJEBE EFTPDJBCJMJ[BSUJFOFOMBTSFHJPOFTGSPOUBMFTEFMDFSFCSP  FTQFDJBMNFOUFTVQBSUFNFEJBMZCBTBM BTÓDPNPMPTDJSDVJUPT Z TJTUFNBT SFMBDJPOBEPT DPO MBT FNPDJPOFT  DVZB BDUJWBDJØO DPOKVOUB DPO MBT SFHJPOFT GSPOUBMFT QBSUJDJQB FOGPSNBGVOEBNFOUBMFOMBQMBOJGJDBDJØOZUPNBEFEFDJTJPOFT  Z DPOUSJCVZF B EFUFSNJOBS FM UPOP BGFDUJWP EF OVFTUSBTSFMBDJPOFTTPDJBMFT&MÈSFBJOWPMVDSBEB MMBNBEB iTJTUFNB MÓNCJDPw  FT VO HSVQP EF EJWFSTBT FTUSVDUVSBT RVFDPMBCPSBOQBSBQSPEVDJSOVFTUSBTFNPDJPOFT JNQVMTPTZDPOEVDUBTNÈTCÈTJDBTZQSJNJUJWBT DPNPFMUFNPS  MBJSB MBUSBORVJMJEBE FMIBNCSF MBTFE FMQMBDFSZMBT SFTQVFTUBTTFYVBMFT&MTJTUFNBMÓNCJDPJODMVZFFMIJQPUÈMBNP MBBNÓHEBMBZFMIJQPDBNQP BTÓDPNPSFHJPOFTDFSDBOBTEFMBDPSUF[BDFSFCSBM Páginas 106 y 107 25.&MUSÈHJDPJODJEFOUFEF(BHFIJ[PJOTVTUBODJBMMBUFPSÓBEF RVFMBQSFTFODJBEFQSPUVCFSBODJBTFOFMDSÈOFPFSBSFGMFKPEFMBTGVODJPOFTRVFTFBTFOUBCBONÈTBCBKP UBMDPNP BGJSNBCB(BMM 24.-BT[POBTDFSFCSBMFTNÈTBDUJWBTTFJEFOUJGJDBSPOQPSQSFTFOUBSVOBVNFOUPFOFMGMVKPTBOHVÓOFP MPRVFHBSBOUJ[B VO NBZPS BQPSUF EF OVUSJFOUFT Z PYÓHFOP -B BDUJWJEBE OFVSPOBMJNQMJDBVOBVNFOUPFOFMNFUBCPMJTNPDFMVMBS  MBHFOFSBDJØOEFQPUFODJBMFTEFBDDJØOZMBUSBOTNJTJØO EFJOGPSNBDJØOFOGPSNBEFJNQVMTPTOFSWJPTPTBPUSBT neuronas.Página 103 15."VORVFFMFTUÓNVMPTFBNÈTJOUFOTP MBBNQMJUVEEFMQPUFODJBMEFBDDJØOOPWBSÓB$VBOUPNÈTQSPGVOEBNFOUFTF QSFTJPOF MB QJFM  TF QSPEVDJSÈO JNQVMTPT OFSWJPTPT DPO NBZPSGSFDVFODJB&MPSEFOFT% # " $ 27.A.5PEBTMBTGVODJPOFTNFODJPOBEBTEFCFOTFSSFBMJ[BEBTQPS MBTOFVSPOBTZBRVFTPOMBTDÏMVMBTEFMTJTUFNBOFSWJPTP 26.&MUÓUVMPEFMBOPUBi4FOUJSTFHPSEPPGMBDPFTVOBJMVTJØOw IBDFSFGFSFODJBBMBTFOTBDJØOEFBEFMHB[BNJFOUPEFMB DJOUVSBRVFFYQFSJNFOUBSPORVJFOFTTFTPNFUJFSPOBMFTUVEJP 18.4FWJFSPOBGFDUBEBT[POBTNFEJBMFTZDPSUJDBMFTEFMFODÏGBMP  Z SFTVMUØ BGFDUBEP QSJNPSEJBMNFOUF FM IFNJTGFSJP J[RVJFSEP 23.6OFKFNQMPEFPUSBTJUVBDJØORVFQVFEBFYQMJDBSTFQPSFM iFGFDUP1JOPDIPwTFSÓBDVBOEPVOBQFSTPOBPZFFMMMBOUP JOFYJTUFOUFEFTVCFCÏPFMTPOJEPGJDUJDJPEFTVUFMÏGPOP DFMVMBSi4POGFOØNFOPTQTJDPBDÞTUJDPT SFMBDJPOBEPTDPO TPOJEPT DPO VO GVFSUF DPOUFOJEP FNPDJPOBMw 4FHÞO MPT OFVSPDJFOUÓGJDPT  FTUF NFDBOJTNP QPESÓB FYQMJDBS UBNCJÏOMBTFOTBDJØOEFMiNJFNCSPGBOUBTNBwRVFQFSDJCFO DJFSUBTQFSTPOBTDPONJFNCSPTBNQVUBEPT Página 105 21.&OMB'FSJBEF$JFODJBTEF#BSDFMPOB MPTWJTJUBOUFTWJWFODJBSPOFYQFSJFODJBTTJNJMBSFTBMBRVFBUSBWFTBSPOMPTWPMVOUBSJPTEFMBJOWFTUJHBDJØOBDFSDBEFDØNPFMDFSFCSPWF MBTGPSNBT 20.indd 18 1/22/10 4:57:24 PM .1IJOFBT(BHFGVFUBOGBNPTPQPSMBFYUSBPSEJOBSJBOBUVSBMF[BEFMBDDJEFOUFRVFTVGSJØZQPSFMIFDIPEFTVNJMB- HSPTB TPCSFWJEB Z SFDVQFSBDJØO &M DBTP EF 1IJOFBT FT DPOTJEFSBEPMBQSJNFSBQSVFCBEFRVFMPTMØCVMPTGSPOUBMFTTPOSFTQPOTBCMFTEFQSPDFTPTUBOFTFODJBMFTDPNPMBT FNPDJPOFT MBQFSTPOBMJEBEPMBDPOEVDUB 22. a) -BCFCJEBQSFGFSJEBQBSBMPTBEPMFTDFOUFTRVFDPOTVNFO VO TPMP USBHP FT FM WJOP "QSPYJNBEBNFOUF FM EFMPTBEPMFTDFOUFT b) 1BSBBRVFMMPTRVFDPOTVNFOFOUSFZUSBHPT FMWJOP OPFTMBCFCJEBQSFWBMFDJFOUF TJOPRVFTFPCTFSWBVO BVNFOUPEFMDPOTVNPEFCFCJEBTGVFSUFTZDFSWF[B c) 4FHÞO FMHSÈGJDP MPTRVFDPOTVNFO NBZPSDBOUJEBE EF USBHPT QPS PDBTJØO QSFGJFSFO FO QSJNFS MVHBS MB DFSWF[BZFOTFHVOEPMVHBSMBTCFCJEBTGVFSUFT Página 104 16. 19. Prohibida su fotocopia.

 &MSFDFQUPSJOWPMVDSBEPFTVONFDBOPSSFDFQUPS$BQUBWJCSBDJPOFTEFMNFEJPDJSDVOEBOUF&OFTUFDBTP DPNPFTUPTSFDFQUPSFTTPOTFOTJCMFTBMBTWJCSBDJPOFTEFMBTPOEBT TPOPSBTRVFWJBKBOBUSBWÏTEFMNFEJP IBCMBNPTEFGPOPrrecepción.A. a) &OMBFOGFSNFEBEEF"M[IFJNFSFTUÈBGFDUBEBMBNFNPSJB BOUFSØHSBEB  P EF DPSUP QMB[P  QPSRVF OP TF QVFEFOBQSFOEFSDPTBTOVFWBT BVORVFTÓTFQVFEFO SFDPSEBSFQJTPEJPTWJWJEPTDPOBOUFSJPSJEBE b) -B BDFUJMDPMJOB FT VO /5 FYDJUBUPSJP FTFODJBM QBSB FM QSPDFTPEFNFNPSJBZBQSFOEJ[BKF&OFMDBTPEFM"M[IFJNFS MBEFTUSVDDJØOOFVSPOBMQPSMBTQMBDBTEFMB QSPUFÓOBBNJFMPJEFEJTNJOVZFMBEFTDBSHBEFBDFUJMDPMJOB  MP RVF BGFDUB MB QSPEVDDJØO EF NFNPSJB SFDJFOUFFOFMIJQPDBNQPZMBBNÓHEBMB 31.&OMPTNPNFOUPTBZC RVFTPOTJUVBDJPOFTEFBMBSNBP FTUSÏT FTUÈBDUVBOEPFMTJTUFNBOFSWJPTPTJNQÈUJDP QSFQBSBOEPFMDVFSQPQBSBMBIVJEB1PSFTPIBZQBMJEF[EFCJEPBMBWBTPDPOTUSJDDJØOEFMPTWBTPTTBOHVÓOFPTEFMB QJFM4FFTUJNVMBOMBTHMÈOEVMBTTVEPSÓQBSBT EJTNJOVZFMB BDUJWJEBEEJHFTUJWBZTFDPOUSBFFMFTGÓOUFSEFMSFDUP)BZ VONBZPSBQPSUFEFTBOHSFBMPTNÞTDVMPT&MNPNFOUPD TFDPSSFTQPOEFDPOMBBDDJØOEFMTJTUFNBOFSWJPTPQBSBTJNQÈUJDP ZMPTWBMPSFTWVFMWFOBMBOPSNBMJEBE 30.%VSBOUFNVDIPUJFNQPTFEJTDVUJØTPCSFTJMPTDFGBMØQPEPTFSBODBQBDFTEFQFSDJCJSTPOJEPT-BNFUÈGPSBEFMUÓUVMP IBDF SFGFSFODJB B RVF B QBSUJS EF FTUF IBMMB[HP  FT DPNPTJIVCJFSBFOFMNBSiNÈTPÓEPTwRVFBOUFT ZBRVF TPONÈTMPTBOJNBMFTNBSJOPTRVFQVFEFOFTDVDIBSRVF MPTRVFTFDSFÓBBOUJHVBNFOUF 11.1BSBDPNQSPCBSTJVOBOJNBMFTTPSEP JOTFSUBOPDPMPDBO FMFDUSPEPTFOFMDVFSQPEFMBOJNBM ZSFHJTUSBOTJTFQSPEVDFODBNCJPTFMÏDUSJDPTDVBOEPFTUJNVMBODPOEJTUJOUPT sonidos. © Santillana S. 13. 3FTQVFTUBBCJFSUB%FQFOEFSÈEFMBSUÓDVMPTFMFDDJPOBEP Página 122 9.UFSNJOBDJPOFTQSFTJOÈQUJDBTFSBOEFUBNB×PZGPSNB OPSNBMFT b) -BEFTUSVDDJØOOFVSPOBMTFQSPEVDFQPSMBBDUJWBDJØO QSPMPOHBEBEFMBUSBOTNJTJØOTJOÈQUJDBFYDJUBUPSJB FT EFDJS EFFGFDUPEFTQPMBSJ[BOUF 29.723 a) &MDVSBSFUJFOFQPDPTFGFDUPTDVBOEPTFJOHJFSF QFSP DVBOEPQFOFUSBBUSBWÏTEFMBQJFMBDUÞBDPOHSBOSBQJEF[ &KFSDF CMPRVFP DPNQFUJUJWP EF MPT SFDFQUPSFT DPMJOÏSHJDPTFOMBQMBDBNPUPSB QPSMPUBOUP TFJOIJCF MB DPOUSBDDJØO NVTDVMBS $VBOEP TF BENJOJTUSB VOB EPTJT BEFDVBEB QPS WÓB JOUSBWFOPTB  TF PCTFSWB VOBEFCJMJEBENPUPSBJOJDJBMRVFQSPHSFTBBQBSÈMJTJT NVTDVMBS-PTQSJNFSPTNÞTDVMPTFOQBSBMJ[BSTFTPO MPTPDVMBSFTZMPTGBDJBMFT%FTQVÏTTFBGFDUBMBNVTDVMBUVSB EF MBT FYUSFNJEBEFT  EFM DVFMMP Z EFM USPODP 'JOBMNFOUFTFQBSBMJ[BOMPTNÞTDVMPTJOUFSDPTUBMFTZ FMEJBGSBHNB MPRVFDPOEVDFBMBBQOFB QSPEVDJFOEPMBNVFSUF b)  &M DVSBSF QFSUFOFDF BM HSVQP EF SFMBKBOUFT NVTDVMBSFT RVFTFVTBOFODJFSUBTDJSVHÓBT ZBRVFTFQVFEFMPHSBS VOBNBZPSSFMBKBDJØONVTDVMBSTJOMMFHBSBMBBOFTUFTJB 6 El control nervioso en los animales Página 114 5. Prohibida su fotocopia.  4JTFUSBUBEFVOJOWFSUFCSBEP ZFYJTUFVOBTPMBNPUPOFVSPOBRVFDPOUSPMBFMNPWJNJFOUPNVTDVMBS VOEB×POFVSPOBMQVFEFTJHOJGJDBSMBJNQPTJCJMJEBEEFNPWJNJFOUPP IBTUBJODMVTPMBQBSÈMJTJTEFMBOJNBM NÈTBÞOTJTFUSBUBEF MBNPUPOFVSPOBRVFDPOUSPMBUPEPTMPTNÞTDVMPTEFVOB FYUSFNJEBE&OFMDBTPEFVOWFSUFCSBEP BMIBCFSSFEVOEBODJB FYJTUFOPUSBTOFVSPOBTRVFJOFSWBOFMNJTNPNÞTculo. Ley 11. 10.indd 19 1/22/10 4:57:25 PM . a) &MFTUVEJPNPTUSØRVFFM EFMBTDPOTVMUBTBDVEJFSPOBMBTBMBEFFNFSHFODJBQPSBMHÞOQSPCMFNBBTPDJBEPBMDPOTVNPEFTVTUBODJBTQTJDPBDUJWBT ZRVFFSB FMBMDPIPMMBTVTUBODJBEFNBZPSJNQBDUPFOFMTJTUFNB EFBUFODJØOEFFNFSHFODJBTFOFMQBÓT FTEFDJSRVFEF MPTQBDJFOUFTRVFIBCÓBODPOTVNJEPBMDPIPMFOMBTTFJT IPSBTBOUFSJPSFTBMBDPOTVMUB FM EFCÓBMBTJUVBDJØOEFVSHFODJBBEJDIPDPOTVNP&OTFHVOEPMVHBS TFFODVFOUSBOMBNBSJIVBOB USBORVJMJ[BOUFTZTFEBOUFTZ QPSÞMUJNP DPDBÓOBT JOIBMBCMFTZBOGFUBNJOBT b) &O MB JOWFTUJHBDJØO SFBMJ[BEB FO MB QSPWJODJB EF -B 1BNQBTFWJPVOBMUPDPOTVNPEFBMDPIPMFOMPTBEPMFTDFOUFT&OFMHSÈGJDPRVFNVFTUSBMPTSFTVMUBEPTEFM FTUVEJPSFBMJ[BEPFOTBMBTEFFNFSHFODJBTFJEFOUJGJDB FMBMDPIPMDPNPMBESPHBQSJODJQBMWJODVMBEBBTJUVBDJPOFTEFFNFSHFODJB c) -PTEBUPTEFMHSÈGJDPBGJSNBOMBHSBOJODJEFODJBRVFUJFOFOMBTESPHBTEFUPEPUJQPFOMBWJEBEJBSJBEFMPTTFSFT IVNBOPT ZBTFBOMFHBMFTPJMFHBMFTZMBHSBOWBSJFEBE EFTVTUBODJBTRVFFKFSDFOTVBDDJØOTPCSFFM4/$ 32.4FHÞO FM FTUVEJP  FM DBMBNBS QVFEF QFSDJCJS TPOJEPT FO VOBHBNBEFGSFDVFODJBTNÈTBMUB FTEFDJS QVFEFiFTDVDIBSwTPOJEPTRVFFMQVMQPOPEFUFDUB QPSFTPQPESÓBNPT EFDJS RVF FTDVDIB NFKPS  BVORVF MP NÈT DPSSFDUP TFSÓB EFDJSRVFFTDVDIBNÈTWBSJFEBEEFTPOJEPTZUPOPT 19 BIO3_Docente. &MQBSBNFDJPQVFEFDBNCJBSEFEJSFDDJØOQBSBNBOUFOFSTFBMFKBEPEFMFTUÓNVMPOPDJWPPEFTBHSBEBCMF ZQVFEF SFBDDJPOBS FO GPSNB TJNJMBS QBSB NBOUFOFSTF DFSDB EF PUSPFTUÓNVMPRVFSFTVMUFBUSBDUJWP5BNCJÏOQVFEFDBNCJBSMBWFMPDJEBEEFOBUBDJØO QFSPFOUPEPTMPTDBTPTIBZ VOBPSJFOUBDJØOZOPTPMPVODBNCJPEFMNPWJNJFOUP QPS MPRVFTFDPOTJEFSBVOUBYJTNP Página 120 7. con lo cual las consecuencias de la lesión de una ÞOJDBNPUPOFVSPOBQPTJCMFNFOUFTFBONFOPTHSBWFT Página 121 8.-PTDFGBMØQPEPTQSFTFOUBOVOTJTUFNBHBOHMJPOBSCJMBUFSBM DPOVOBBDVNVMBDJØOEFHBOHMJPTFOMBDBCF[BRVF DPOTUJUVZFVOWFSEBEFSPDFSFCSP 12. &TUBDPOTJHOBQSFUFOEFRVFMPTBMVNOPTUPNFODPODJFODJB EFMBJNQPSUBODJBEFSFQBTBSZEFUFOFSTFBOUFDPODFQUPTZB USBCBKBEPTZOFDFTBSJPTQBSBQSPGVOEJ[BSPUSPTDPOUFOJEPT  QPSFKFNQMPIJQFSQPMBSJ[BDJØO 6.

PWJNJFOUPT TFHNFOUBSJPT independienUFT Tendencia a la DFGBMJ[BDJØO 1MBUFMNJO UPT BOÏMJEPT  NPMVTDPT  BSUSØQPEPT 4JTUFNBOFSWJP TPDFOUSBMZ QFSJGÏSJDP 4/"Z TPNÈUJDP *OUFHSBDJØO DPNQMFKBEF funciones.-BEJGFSFODJBGVOEBNFOUBMFOUSFFMTJTUFNBOFSWJPTPIVNBOPZFMEFPUSPTNBNÓGFSPTSBEJDBFOFMEFTBSSPMMPEF MBDPSUF[BDFSFCSBM 23. a)  &MHSÈGJDPNVFTUSBFMDPODFQUPEFFODFGBMJ[BDJØO b) Z c)-BFODFGBMJ[BDJØOFTTJNJMBSQBSBMPTDIJNQBODÏTZMPT TFSFT IVNBOPT FO FM NPNFOUP EFM OBDJNJFOUP &O MB BEVMUF[ MPTIVNBOPTFTUÈOGVFSBEFMBFTDBMBDVBOEPTF DPNQBSBTVFODFGBMJ[BDJØODPOMBEFMPTPUSPTTJNJPT d)  -B SFMBDJØO QFTP DFSFCSBMQFTP DPSQPSBM FO FM FTUBEP BEVMUPFTBQSPYJNBEBNFOUF WFDFTNBZPSFOMPTIVNBOPTSFTQFDUPEFMPTTJNJPT&MDFSFCSPEFMPTNBNÓ- GFSPTBVNFOUBBNFEJEBRVFMPIBDFFMUBNB×PDPSQPSBM QFSPMPIBDFFOGPSNBQSPQPSDJPOBMNFOUFNFOPS DVBOUPNBZPSFTFMPSHBOJTNP%VSBOUFFMQSPDFTPEF IPNJOJ[BDJØOTFQSPEVKPVOFOPSNFEFTBSSPMMPEFMDFSFCSP6OPEFMPTSBTHPTRVFMFTIBOPUPSHBEPBMPTTFSFTIVNBOPTTVQPUFODJBMEJGFSFODJBMQBSFDFTFSFMBVNFOUPFOFMOÞNFSPEFDPOFYJPOFTOFVSPOBMFT 21.&OFTUFBSUÓDVMPTFQPOFFOFWJEFODJBFMUSBCBKPFOFRVJQP EFMPTDJFOUÓGJDPT Página 123 16. 18. 1PESÈOBSNBSVODVBESPTJNJMBSBFTUF Invertebrados Vertebrados 1MFYPEJGVTPPTJTUFNBHBOHMJPOBS &ODFGÈMJDP CJMBUFSBM $FSFCSPGPSNBEPQPSGVTJØOEF ganglios. 4JNJMJUVEFTFOUSFMPTFYQFSJNFOUPTEF#FSUIPMEZMPTEF 4UBSMJOHZ#BZMJTTBNCPTUSBCBKBSPODPOØSHBOPTEFOFSWBEPTQBSBEFTDBSUBSFMFGFDUPEFMTJTUFNBOFSWJPTPFOTVT FYQFSJNFOUPT&OBNCPTDBTPT MBTVTUBODJBSFTQPOTBCMF EFMFGFDUPMPHSBEPTFUSBOTQPSUBCBQPSMBTBOHSF%JGFSFODJBT#FSUIPMEDPOFDUBCBMPTUFTUÓDVMPTFODVBMRVJFSQBSUF EFM DVFSQP EFM HBMMP  Z FTUP QFSNJUÓB RVF MBT TVTUBODJBT GBCSJDBEBT QPS FTUPT ØSHBOPT DJSDVMBSBO QPS MB TBOHSF  QSPEVDJFOEP FGFDUP TPCSF FM EFTBSSPMMP EF MB DSFTUB Z MB DPOEVDUBEFMBOJNBM4UBSMJOHZ#BZMJTTDPNFO[BSPODPNQSPCBOEPRVFMBMJCFSBDJØOEFKVHPQBODSFÈUJDPOPSFRVF- © Santillana S. a) &MVOJWFSTPTFOTPSJBMEFVOBHBSSBQBUBZFMEFVOTFS IVNBOPTPOEJGFSFOUFT FTUPUJFOFRVFWFSDPOMBQFSDFQDJØOEFFTUÓNVMPT FMUJQPEFSFDFQUPSFTTFOTPSJBMFTJOWPMVDSBEPTZFMTJTUFNBEFJOUFHSBDJØOEFUPEPT MPT FTUÓNVMPT  RVF QFSNJUF B VO BOJNBM QFSDJCJS Z USBOTNJUJSJOGPSNBDJØOZFMBCPSBSVOBSFTQVFTUB b) &OFMDBTPEFMÈHVJMB TFUSBUBEFVONVOEPiEPNJOBEPwQPSMBWJTUB&OFMDBTPEFMNVSDJÏMBHP QPSMBFDPMPDBDJØO&MNVOEPEFDBEBVOPFTFYUSB×PQBSBFMPUSP  QPSRVFTFQFSDJCFZTFDPODJCFEFEJGFSFOUFGPSNB 24.723 14. . -B DPPQFSBDJØO BSNPOJPTB FOUSF MPT ØSHBOPT  QMBOUFBEB por el consensus partium QPESÓBTFSVOBBOBMPHÓBEFMPT QSJODJQJPTRVFKVTUJGJDBCBOMBiPSHBOPUFSBQJBw FTEFDJS FM SFFNQMB[PEFVOØSHBOPFOGFSNPPGBMUBOUFQBSBSFDVQFSBSMBBSNPOÓBQFSEJEB 7.-PTBOJNBMFTDPOVONPEFMPEFPSHBOJ[BDJØOOFVSBMNÈT TJNQMFTPOMPTDOJEBSJPT DPODPOFYJPOFTFOGPSNBEFSFE RVFDPOTUJUVZFOVOQMFYPEJGVTP Páginas 124 y 125 19.NJTNBFTQFDJF PUBMWF[EFUFDUBSBMJNFOUPPBQPUFODJBMFT QSFEBEPSFT BVORVF FTUÏO PDVMUPT  TJ FT RVF FNJUFO BMHÞOTPOJEP 15.FNPSJB  BQSFOEJ[BKFZ DPNVOJDBDJØO 7FSUFCSBEPT &ODFGÈMJDP 20.1PESÓBQFSNJUJSMFTMBDPNVOJDBDJØODPONJFNCSPTEFTV 20 BIO3_Docente. &ODÏGBMPDPOEJTUJOUBTSFHJPOFTZ funciones 4JTUFNBOFSWJPTPEFVCJDBDJØO WFOUSBM 4JTUFNBOFSWJPTPEFVCJDBDJØO dorsal.3FTQVFTUBBCJFSUB 25. La reacción es HFOFSBMJ[BEB $OJEBSJPT IJESBTZ NFEVTBT  FRVJOPEFSNPT FTUSFMMBTEF NBSCSBORVJBT EÏSNJDBT  NPMVTDPTZBSUSØQPEPT QMFYP JOUFTUJOBM  (BOHMJPOBS CJMBUFSBM $BEFOB OFSWJPTBHBOHMJPOBSWFOUSBM ZOFSWJPT TFHNFOUBSJPT .-BJMVTUSBDJØONVFTUSBMBFWPMVDJØOEFMTJTUFNBOFSWJPTP EFTEFMPTDOJEBSJPTIBTUBMPTNBNÓGFSPT-BFWPMVDJØOIB DPOEVDJEPBMBVNFOUPEFMBDPNQMFKJEBEHSBDJBTBMBBQBSJDJØOEFHSVQPTEFOFVSPOBTRVFGPSNBOHBOHMJPTZEF WÓBTOFSWJPTBTEFDPNVOJDBDJØOSÈQJEB MPTOFSWJPT&MTJHVJFOUFQBTPEFBVNFOUPEFDPNQMFKJEBEIBTJEPFMQSPDFTPEFDFGBMJ[BDJØOZMVFHPMBFODFGBMJ[BDJØO 7 El control endocrino Página 134 6. Ley 11.-BOPUJDJBUJFOFEFOPWFEPTPRVFFMBOÈMJTJTEFMHFOPNB EFDJFSUBFTQFDJFEFFTQPOKBSFWFMBMBQSFTFODJBEFHFOFT DPOJOGPSNBDJØOTJNJMBSBMBEFDJFSUPTHFOFTRVFDPEJGJDBO QBSB QSPUFÓOBT RVF JOUFSWJFOFO FO MBT TJOBQTJT EFM TJTUFNBOFSWJPTPIVNBOP-PSFMFWBOUFFTRVFFTUPTHFOFTQPESÓBOTFSMBTCBTFTEFMTJTUFNBOFSWJPTPQSFTFOUFFO MPTPSHBOJTNPTNÈTFWPMVDJPOBEPT 17. Modelo de organización nerviosa Características estructurales Características funcionales Grupos de organismos que lo poseen 1MFYP Red de neuronas inUFSDPOFDUBEBT RVFGPSNBO VOBNBMMB DPOUJOVB &MJNQVMTP se irradia en UPEBTEJSFDciones. 5FOEFODJBBMBDFGBMJ[BDJØO 5FOEFODJBBMBVNFOUPEFUBNB×P ZDPNQMFKJEBE 22.A.-BBGJSNBDJØOOPFTDPSSFDUB-BTFTQPOKBTOPUJFOFODÏMVMBT FYDJUBCMFT OJ SFTQPOEFO B WBSJBEPT FTUÓNVMPT  QPS MP RVFTFDPOTJEFSBRVFOPQPTFFOVOTJTUFNBOFSWJPTP-B OPUJDJBQMBOUFBFMIBMMB[HPEFFTUPTHFOFT QFSPTFEFTDPOPDFRVÏGVODJØODVNQMJSÓBOFOMBTFTQPOKBTMBTQSPUFÓnas codificadas por ellos. Prohibida su fotocopia.indd 20 1/22/10 4:57:25 PM .

A.723 Página 139 11. La palabra mellitusEFSJWBEFVOBQBMBCSBHSJFHBRVFTJHOJGJDBiNJFMw ZFMOPNCSFIBDFBMVTJØOBRVFFOFTUBEPT BWBO[BEPTEFMBFOGFSNFEBE MBPSJOBUJFOFVOTBCPSEVMDF-BQSJNFSBJOEJDBDJØOGVFNÈTCJFOJOEJSFDUB ZBRVF MBPSJOBEFMPTEJBCÏUJDPTTPMÓBBUSBFSBMBTNPTDBT5BNCJÏO FT QSPCBCMF RVF MPT NÏEJDPT QSPCBSBO MB PSJOB EF TVTQBDJFOUFT&O FMRVÓNJDPGSBODÏT.&OMPTBOJNBMFT MBTSB[POFTEFMPTDSJBEPSFTQBSBDBTUSBSMPTTPONVDIBTNFKPSBSFMTBCPSEFMBDBSOF EJTNJOVJS DPOEVDUBT BHSFTJWBT RVF UFSNJOBO FO MVDIBT JOUFSNJOBCMFT TPCSFUPEPFOÏQPDBTEFDFMP ZPDBTJPOBONVFSUFTZ HSBOEFTQÏSEJEBTFDPOØNJDBT 16. Página 144 14. a)  &TQSPCBCMFRVFFMJOHSFTPEFBJSFGSÓPQSPWPRVFVO b) c) d) e) f) EFTDFOTPEFMBUFNQFSBUVSBBNCJFOUBMZFMUFSNPTUBUPMPEFUFDUF FOUPODFTTFFODFOEFSÈMBMMBNB %FQFOEFSÈEFDVÈMTFBMBUFNQFSBUVSBFYUFSJPSZFO RVÏFTUBEPTFFODVFOUSFMBFTUVGBBMEFTDPNQPOFSTF FMUFSNPTUBUP4JMBFTUVGBFTUÈBQBHBEBZFTUBNPTFO JOWJFSOP  DVBOEP MBT UFNQFSBUVSBT FYUFSOBT TVFMFO TFSNFOPSFTEF$ MBFTUVGBQFSNBOFDFSÈBQBHBEB QPSRVF FM UFSNPTUBUP OP SFHJTUSB MB EJGFSFODJB 4J TF FODVFOUSBFODFOEJEB QFSNBOFDFSÈBTÓIBTUBRVFMB UFNQFSBUVSBTVCBQPSFODJNBEFMPT$ZFMUFSNPTUBUPJOUFSSVNQBFMHBT &MUFSNPTUBUPRVFPCTUSVZFPQFSNJUFFMQBTPEFMHBT FOFMNPEFMPDPUJEJBOPFTFMRVFSFHJTUSBMBEJGFSFODJB EF UFNQFSBUVSBT &O FM NPEFMP DJFOUÓGJDP TFSÓB VOB QBSUFEFMTJTUFNBFOEPDSJOP FOFTUFDBTP FMQÈODSFBT  RVFFTFMRVFEFUFDUBFMBVNFOUPPMBEJTNJOVDJØOEF MBHMVDFNJBZTJOUFUJ[BZTFDSFUBMBJOTVMJOB -BJOUFSSVQDJØOEFMHBTFTMBSFTQVFTUBEFMUFSNPTUBUPB MBEJTNJOVDJØOEFUFNQFSBUVSBBNCJFOUF4FDPSSFTQPOEFDPOMBTFDSFDJØOEFJOTVMJOBZMBEJTNJOVDJØOEFMB HMVDFNJBFOFMNPEFMPDJFOUÓGJDP &MNPEFMPEFSFHVMBDJØOEFMBHMVDFNJBNFEJBOUFMB TÓOUFTJTZTFDSFDJØOEFIPSNPOBTQBODSFÈUJDBTFTNVDIPNÈTDPNQMFKPRVFFMNPEFMPEFSFHVMBDJØOEFM UFSNPTUBUP Z MB PCUVSBDJØO EFM QBTP EFM HBT  RVF FT CBTUBOUFTFODJMMP1PSFKFNQMP TJEFDJNPTRVFMBJOUFSSVQDJØOEFMHBT MBSFTQVFTUBEFMUFSNPTUBUP TFDPSSFTQPOEFDPOMBTFDSFDJØOEFJOTVMJOB MBSFTQVFTUB EFM QÈODSFBT  FO FM NPEFMP EFM UFSNPTUBUP OP FTUÈ SFQSFTFOUBEBMBBDDJØOEFMBJOTVMJOB RVFFTFMJOHSFTPEFMBHMVDPTBFOMBTDÏMVMBT TJOPMBDPOTFDVFODJB EFFMMP RVFFTMBSFHVMBDJØOEFMBHMVDFNJB "OUFVONBMGVODJPOBNJFOUPEFMUFSNPTUBUPQPESÓBNPTQFOTBSFORVFFMQÈODSFBTOPQVFEFEFUFDUBSVO EFTDFOTPEFMBHMVDFNJBQFSPTÓQVFEFQFSDJCJSFMBVNFOUP&OFTUFDBTP SFTQPOEFBMBVNFOUPMJCFSBOEP JOTVMJOB QFSPOPSFTQPOEFBMBEJTNJOVDJØOTFDSFUBOdo glucagón.&MBVNFOUPEFMBUFTUPTUFSPOB QSPEVDJEBQPSMPTUFTUÓDVMPT  FTUJNVMB FM BMBSHBNJFOUP Z FOHSPTBNJFOUP EF MBT DVFSEBTWPDBMFT VOPEFMPTUBOUPTDBSBDUFSFTTFDVOEBSJPT QSPQJPTEFMPTWBSPOFT"MDBTUSBSMPT OPIBZQSPEVDDJØO EFUFTUPTUFSPOBZOPTFEFTBSSPMMBOFTUPTDBSBDUFSFT QPS FTPDPOTFSWBOMBWP[iBGMBVUBEBwEFMBOJ×F[ 17.JDIFM&VHFOF $IFWSFVMDPOTJHVJØEFNPTUSBSRVFFMTBCPSEVMDFTFEFCÓB BMBQSFTFODJBEFB[ÞDBS HMVDPTB  9.4FMPTDBTUSBCBBOUFTEFMMFHBSBMBQVCFSUBEDPOFMGJOEF QSFTFSWBSTVBHVEBWP[JOGBOUJM%FCÓBIBDFSTFBOUFTEFMB 21 BIO3_Docente. Prohibida su fotocopia.indd 21 1/22/10 4:57:26 PM .-BDBTUSBDJØOJNQMJDBMBGBMUBEFHBNFUPTZ QPSMPUBOUP  QSPEVDFFTUFSJMJEBE4VTFGFDUPTEFQFOEFOEFMNPNFOUP EFMBWJEBFORVFTFMMFWBBDBCP$VBOUPNÈTUFNQSBOB  NBZPSFTDPOTFDVFODJBTQSPEVDF 15.-BGBTFGPMJDVMBSDPSSFTQPOEFBMEFTBSSPMMPEFMGPMÓDVMPZMB NBEVSBDJØOEFMPWBSJPIBTUBFMNPNFOUPEFMBPWVMBDJØO *OUFSWJFOFO(O3) '4) -)ZFTUSØHFOPT-BGBTFMÞUFBDPNJFO[B DPO MB MJCFSBDJØO EFM ØWVMP Z MB GPSNBDJØO EFM DVFSQPMÞUFPIBTUBTVEFTBQBSJDJØOZFMDPNJFO[PEFMB NFOTUSVBDJØO *OUFSWJFOFO MBT IPSNPOBT FTUSØHFOPT Z QSPHFTUFSPOB 12.-VFHP EF QSPEVDJSTF MB PWVMBDJØO EJTNJOVZF MB QSPEVDDJØOEFFTUSØHFOPT&MDVFSQPMÞUFPDPNJFO[BBQSPEVDJS QSPHFTUFSPOB RVFJOIJCFBMIJQPUÈMBNPZOPTFMJCFSBO MBT IPSNPOBT EF MB PWVMBDJØO 4J OP IBZ FNCBSB[P  FM DVFSQPMÞUFPEFEFTJOUFHSBZTFQSPEVDFMBNFOTUSVBDJØO -BDBÓEBEFQSPHFTUFSPOBGSFOBMBJOIJCJDJØOIJQPUBMÈNJDB  TF MJCFSBO MBT IPSNPOBT IJQPGJTBSJBT '4) Z -) Z DPNJFO[BFMEFTBSSPMMPEFMPTGPMÓDVMPTIBTUBMMFHBSBMBNBEVSBDJØOZFYQVMTJØOEFMØWVMP-BJEFBFTRVFBMDPOUÈSTFMPBPUSPTQVFEBOBGJBO[BSFMDPODFQUPEFDJDMP Página 143 13. Ley 11.SÓBFMBQPSUFEFMOFSWJPWBHP-VFHP DVBOEPMPHSBSPOPCUFOFSMBTVTUBODJBSFTQPOTBCMF MBJOZFDUBSPOFOMBTBOHSF EJSFDUBNFOUF  B EJGFSFODJB EF #FSUIPME  RVF OP MPHSØ JEFOUJGJDBSMB Página 137 8. 1BSBEFUFDUBSB[ÞDBSFOMBPSJOB QVFEFODBMFOUBSTFFOVO UVCP EF FOTBZP VOBT QPDBT HPUBT FO VOB TPMVDJØO RVF DPOUJFOFTVMGBUPEFDPCSF RVFFTB[VM4JMBHMVDPTBFTUÈ QSFTFOUF TFGPSNBØYJEPEFDPCSF RVFFTEFDPMPSSPKJ[P FJOTPMVCMF QPSMPRVFTFFODVFOUSBVOQSFDJQJUBEPSPKJ[P FOFMGPOEPEFMUVCP-PDPOWFOJFOUFFTNFEJSMBHMVDFNJB QBSBMPDVBMTFVUJMJ[BFMUFTUEFUPMFSBODJBBMBHMVDPTB RVFNJEFFMEFTDFOTPEFMOJWFMEFHMVDPTBFOTBOHSF EFTQVÏTEFVOBJOHFTUBDPOBMUPDPOUFOJEPEFB[ÞDBS%FCJEP B RVF GSFOUF B DPODFOUSBDJPOFT BMUBT EF HMVDPTB FM QÈODSFBTSFTQPOEFSÈQJEBNFOUFTFDSFUBOEPJOTVMJOB FO VOBQFSTPOBTBOBFMOJWFMEFB[ÞDBSSFHSFTBBMBOPSNBMJEBEEFOUSPEFMBTEPTIPSBTTJHVJFOUFT4J QPSFMDPOUSBSJP FMOJWFMQFSNBOFDFFMFWBEPEVSBOUFUSFTIPSBTPNÈT  JOEJDBVOBSFTQVFTUBEFGJDJFOUFEFMQÈODSFBTZFTQSPCBCMFRVFMBQFSTPOBFTUÏDVSTBOEPMBFOGFSNFEBE 10.$VBOEPMBTBOHSFFTGJMUSBEBQPSMPTSJ×POFT TFFMJNJOBO TVTUBODJBTEFEFTFDIP-BHMVDPTBRVFQBTBQPSMPTSJ×POFT FT SFDVQFSBEB Z WVFMWF B MB TBOHSF &O DPOEJDJPOFT OPSNBMFT  TF SFBCTPSCF UPEB MB HMVDPTB Z OP TF FMJNJOB QPSMBPSJOB4JFMOJWFMEFHMVDFNJBFTFMFWBEP MBSFDVQFSBDJØOEFHMVDPTBQPSFMSJ×ØOTFNPEJGJDBZFTUFQVFEF SFBCTPSCFSNFOPTBHVB QPSMPUBOUPTFQSPEVDFVOHSBO WPMVNFOEFPSJOB1PSFTBSB[ØOBOUJHVBNFOUFTFMBMMBNBCBiNBMEFMBPSJOBw © Santillana S.

Prohibida su fotocopia.FEJDJOB&M DPOUSPMEFMDFSFCSPTPCSFMBTTFDSFDJPOFTEJHFTUJWBTZEF PUSBTHMÈOEVMBTGVFSFDPOPDJEPFOMBTÞMUJNBTEÏDBEBT EFMTJHMPYY DVBOEPFNFSHJØDPOGVFS[BFMDBNQPEFMB OFVSPFOEPDSJOPMPHÓB ZMPTQÏQUJEPTDFSFCSPJOUFTUJOBMFT QFSPTPCSFUPEPFTUPTSFGMFKPTWJTDFSBMFTGVFSPOMB CBTFQBSBFMNPEFSOPFTUVEJPEFMBTSFMBDJPOFTFOUSFFM DFSFCSPZMBDPOEVDUB&TEFDJS BNCPTHSVQPTEFDJFOUÓGJDPTUFOÓBOSB[ØOBVORVFTVTDPODFQUPTTFUPNBSPO JOJDJBMNFOUFDPNPEJWFSHFOUFT FMDPOUSPMGJTJPMØHJDPFT OFSWJPTPZFTIPSNPOBM b) -PTFHJQDJPTQMBOUFBCBORVFFMDVFSQPFTUBCBDPOFDUBEP QPS VO TJTUFNB EF WBTPT RVF USBOTQPSUBCBO MÓRVJEPTMPTHSJFHPTZMPTSPNBOPTQPTUVMBCBORVFMBTFOGFSNFEBEFT QSPWFOÓBO EF VO EFTFRVJMJCSJP FOUSF MPT IVNPSFTMÓRVJEPTEFMDVFSQP4JCJFOFMDPODFQUPEFMÓRVJEPTRVFSFDPSSFOFMDVFSQPZUSBOTQPSUBOTVTUBODJBT OPFTUBCBQSFTFOUFQPSRVFMBDJSDVMBDJØOTBOHVÓOFBTF QMBOUFBSÓB WBSJPT TJHMPT EFTQVÏT  MB JEFB EF IVNPSFT MÓRVJEPTRVFFODPOKVOUPBQPSUBOFMFRVJMJCSJPOFDFTBSJPQBSBVOFTUBEPEFTBOJEBEQPESÓBDPOTJEFSBSTFVOB BOBMPHÓB EF MB SFHVMBDJØO RVF FKFSDFO MBT IPSNPOBT TPCSFEJTUJOUPTØSHBOPTRVFQFSNJUFVOGVODJPOBNJFOUPFRVJMJCSBEPEFMPSHBOJTNP%FFTUBNBOFSB MBJEFB BOUJHVBEFiFRVJMJCSJPwQPESÓBSFMBDJPOBSTFDPOFMBDUVBMDPODFQUPEFIPNFPTUBTJT NFEJBEPQPSMBJOUFHSBDJØOEFMTJTUFNBFOEPDSJOPZFMTJTUFNBOFSWJPTP c)  -BTIPSNPOBTQPESÓBOSFMBDJPOBSTFDPOFMDPODFQUPEF MPTIVNPSFT-BiPSHBOPUFSBQJBwQMBOUFBCBMBJEFBEF SFFNQMB[BS VO ØSHBOP RVF GVODJPOBCB NBM QPS PUSP ØSHBOP TBOP -PT FYQFSJNFOUPT NÈT BDUVBMFT  FO MPT DVBMFTMBFYUJSQBDJØOEFVOØSHBOPZTVQPTUFSJPSSFJNQMBOUBDJØO SFTUJUVZFO MBT GVODJPOFT  QPESÓBO SFMBDJPOBSTFDPOFTUFDPODFQUP FOUFOEJFOEPRVFFTFMBQPSUF IPSNPOBMFMSFTQPOTBCMFEFMGVODJPOBNJFOUPOPSNBM -B SFMBDJØO FOUSF MPT IVNPSFT Z MPT UFNQFSBNFOUPT QVFEFSFMBDJPOBSTFDPOFMDPOUSPMIPSNPOBMEFMBDPOEVDUBTFYVBM PMBTSFBDDJPOFTGSFOUFBMFTUSÏT d) -B iPSHBOPUFSBQJBw QMBOUFBCB MB JOHFTUB EFM ØSHBOP TBOPQBSBDVSBSFMØSHBOPFOGFSNP)PZTBCFNPTRVF FTOFDFTBSJPSFTUJUVJSFMBQPSUFTBOHVÓOFPEFMBTIPSNPOBT JOWPMVDSBEBT -PT IVNPSFT EF MB "OUJHàFEBE FSBOMÓRVJEPTEJTQFSTPTQPSFMDVFSQPQFSPOPDPOFDUBEPTFOUSFTÓ ZBRVFOPFYJTUÓBMBJEFBEFVOTJTUFNB DJSDVMBUPSJPBUSBWÏTEFMDVBMMBTIPSNPOBTPMPTEJTUJOUPT OVUSJFOUFT TF EJTUSJCVZFSBO &M DPOPDJNJFOUP BDUVBMTPCSFFMTJTUFNBFOEPDSJOPQFSNJUFFYQMJDBSMPT NFDBOJTNPTEFBDDJØOEFMBTIPSNPOBT MPDVBMFSB JNQPTJCMFFOMB"OUJHàFEBE 26.&O DBTP EF VO BVNFOUP GJTJPMØHJDP FO DPOEJDJPOFTOPSNBMFT EFQSPEVDDJØOEFIPSNPOBEFDSFDJNJFOUP TVOJWFMFOTBOHSFSFUSPBMJNFOUBOFHBUJWBNFOUFBMIJQPUÈMBNP ZBMBIJQØGJTJT RVFGSFOBOTVQSPEVDDJØO&OFMHJHBOUJTNP FMFYDFTPEFQSPEVDDJØOEFTPNBUPUSPQJOBTFEFCFB VO UVNPS RVF BDUJWB MB SFQSPEVDDJØO DFMVMBS Z IBZ NÈT DÏMVMBTQSPEVDJFOEPNÈTIPSNPOB 23.-BQSFHVOUBTPCSFMBQSFTFODJBFOFMDJOFEFQFSTPOBTDPO FOGFSNFEBEFTTFPSJFOUBBQSPNPWFSMBSFGMFYJØOBDFSDB EFMBVUJMJ[BDJØOEFQFSTPOBTDPOFTUBTVPUSBTQBUPMPHÓBT FOTJUVBDJPOFTRVFNVDIBTWFDFTSFTVMUBOCPDIPSOPTBTZ MBTQPOFOFOSJEÓDVMP Página 146 25.-BBMUFSBDJØOPSJHJOBEJTUJOUBTFOGFSNFEBEFTTFHÞOFMNPNFOUPEFMBWJEBEFMBQFSTPOB4JFTUÈFOMBOJ×F[PQVCFSUBE MBIPSNPOBBDUÞBTPCSFUPEPTMPTUFKJEPT QPSFTPIBZ VOBVNFOUPEFUBNB×PEFUPEPTMPTØSHBOPT4JIBZVOB QSPEVDDJØO FYDFTJWB EF IPSNPOB EF DSFDJNJFOUP FO MB BEVMUF[ DVBOEPZBTFIBOPTJGJDBEPMPTDBSUÓMBHPTEFDSFDJNJFOUP TPMPTJHVFODSFDJFOEPDJFSUPTIVFTPT DPNPMPTEF MBNBOEÓCVMBJOGFSJPSPMPTEFMBTFYUSFNJEBEFT ZTFQSPEVDFBDSPNFHBMJB&OMPTDBTPTDPNPFMEF3PCFSU1FSTIJOH 8BEMPX  BMHVOPT JOGPSNFT TF SFGJFSFO B MB FOGFSNFEBE DPNPHJHBOUPESPNFHBMJB RVFFTNVZQPDPGSFDVFOUF&TUF HJHBOUFQFTBCBNÈTEF LHBMPTTFJTNFTFTEFFEBEZ DPOUJOVØ DSFDJFOEP B VO SJUNP EFTBDPTUVNCSBEP B MPT PDIPB×PTNFEÓB N  22.723 NBEVSBDJØOTFYVBMQBSBFWJUBSMPTFGFDUPTEFMBUFTUPTUFSPOBTPCSFMBTDVFSEBTWPDBMFT 18.&OMBTNVKFSFT MBWP[TFIBDFNÈTSPODBQFSPNVDIPNFOPT RVF FO MPT IPNCSFT  QPSRVF MPT BOESØHFOPT FTUÈO QSFTFOUFTFOBNCPTTFYPT QFSPFONFOPSDBOUJEBEFOFM GFNFOJOP 20.4JMBDBTUSBDJØOTFSFBMJ[BSBBMPTWFJOUFB×PT OPUFOESÓBFM NJTNPFGFDUPTPCSFMBWP[ QPSRVFZBTFIBCSÓBONPEJGJDBEPMBTDVFSEBTWPDBMFT&ODBNCJP MBGFSUJMJEBETÓTFWFSÓB BGFDUBEB QPSRVF OP IBCSÓB QSPEVDDJØO EF HBNFUPT -BTDPOTFDVFODJBTEFQFOEFO BEFNÈT EFTJMBDBTUSBDJØO FTUPUBM BNCPTUFTUÓDVMPT PQBSDJBM VOTPMPUFTUÓDVMP  19."EFNÈTEFMBWP[BHVEB MPTDBTUSBEPTOPEFTBSSPMMBOMPT PUSPTDBSBDUFSFTTFDVOEBSJPTQSPEVDJEPTQPSMBUFTUPTUFSPOB 5JFOEFO B BDVNVMBS HSBTB FO [POBT QSPQJBT EF MBT NVKFSFT DPNPMBTDBEFSBT MBTOBMHBTZMPTQFDIPT/PMFT DSFDFMBCBSCBZFMWFMMPQÞCJDPTVFMFUFOFSVOBEJTQPTJDJØOFOGPSNBEFQBSDIFZOPMBQSPQJBEFMPTIPNCSFT FT EFDJS NÈTEJTQFSTB 22 BIO3_Docente.Página 145 21. Ley 11.indd 22 1/22/10 4:57:26 PM .A.-PTGBNPTPTFOBOPTEFDJSDPTVFMFOTFSFOBOPTQPSEFGJDJFODJBEFIPSNPOBTUJSPJEFBT FOGFSNFEBEMMBNBEBiDSFUJOJTNPw -BT QFSTPOBT RVF QBEFDFO FTUB FOGFSNFEBE QVFEFOUFOFSSFUSBTPNFOUBMTFWFSPZGBMUBEFDSFDJNJFOUPRVFDPOEVDFBVOBGPSNBEFTQSPQPSDJPOBEBEFMDVFSQP DPOVONBZPSBVNFOUPEFMUBNB×PEFMBDBCF[B ZMBT QJFSOBTOPUBCMFNFOUFDPSUBT-BTNVKFSFTCBSCVEBTPDPO NVDIPWFMMPDPSQPSBMUBNCJÏOTFIJDJFSPOGBNPTBTFOMPT circos. 24.-PTNÏEJDPTQJFOTBORVFFMQFTPFYUSBPSEJOBSJPEFMCFCÏ QVFEFEFCFSTFBMBEJBCFUFTRVFTVGSFMBNBESF MPRVF © Santillana S. a) &TJOUFSFTBOUFMPRVFPDVSSJØFOFMMBCPSBUPSJPEFMDJFO- UÓGJDPSVTPBOUFFMEFTDVCSJNJFOUPEFMPTJOHMFTFT1BWMPW  FYQFSUPFOGJTJPMPHÓBEJHFTUJWB  SFQJUJØFMFYQFSJNFOUPFOTVTJOTUBMBDJPOFTZDPNQSPCØRVFTVTDPMFHBT UFOÓBO SB[ØO &TUP MP DPOEVKP B MB SFBMJ[BDJØO EF MPT FYQFSJNFOUPTRVFEFNPTUSBSPOMBFYJTUFODJBEFSFGMFKPT DPOEJDJPOBEPT  FO MPT DVBMFT VO FTUÓNVMP OFVUSP DPOEJDJPOBEPQVFEFHFOFSBSTBMJWBZKVHPHÈTUSJDPBVORVFOPIBZBDBSOFEFQPSNFEJP-BQBSUJDJQBDJØOEFM TJTUFNBOFSWJPTPGVFSFDPOPDJEBJOUFSOBDJPOBMNFOUFZ FO1BWMPWSFDJCJØFM1SFNJP/PCFMEF.

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Ley 11. a) -BQSFHVOUBTFPSJFOUBBSFDVQFSBSMPTDPOUFOJEPTEFM DBQÓUVMPBOUFSJPSFOSFMBDJØODPOFMFKFIJQPUÈMBNP IJQØGJTJTUJSPJEFT-BMJCFSBDJØOEF53)BDUJWBMBTÓOUFTJTZMJCFSBDJØOEF54)ZFTUB BTVWF[ BDUÞBTPCSFMB UJSPJEFT RVFQSPEVDFZMJCFSBTVTIPSNPOBT b) $VBOEP FM OJWFM EF UJSPYJOB FT NÈYJNP  TF BDUJWB FM QSPDFTPZTFQSPEVDFFOFMSFOBDVBKPFMDSFDJNJFOUP EFMBTFYUSFNJEBEFTBOUFSJPSFT c) 4JTFMFJOZFDUBUJSPYJOBBEJDJPOBM FMSFOBDVBKPTVGSF VOB NFUBNPSGPTJT BOUJDJQBEB Z TF DPOWJFSUF FO VOB SBOBBEVMUBFONJOJBUVSB 26.UFNQFSBUVSB 15.)BCJUVBMNFOUFTFQJFOTBFODBNCJPTEFDPMPSDPNPVOB DBSBDUFSÓTUJDB BEBQUBUJWB RVF QFSNJUF B MPT PSHBOJTNPT QBTBS JOBEWFSUJEPT &O FTUF BSUÓDVMP TF NFODJPOBO MPT DBNCJPT EF QJHNFOUBDJØO FO SFTQVFTUB B EJTUJOUPT FTUÓNVMPT DPNPMBUFNQFSBUVSB MBJOUFOTJEBEEFMBMV[ MB FYDJUBDJØO ZUBNCJÏODPNPGPSNBEFDPNVOJDBDJØOFOUSF JOEJWJEVPT EF MB NJTNB FTQFDJF NBDIPT RVF DPNQJUFO QPSIFNCSBTPUFSSJUPSJP DPNVOJDBOEPNFEJBOUFFMDPMPSVOBKFSBSRVÓBEJGFSFOUFZUBNCJÏOFOUSFFTQFDJFTEJTUJOUBT ZBRVFFMDPMPSMMBNBUJWPTVFMFBDUVBSDPNPVOB TF×BMEFBMFSUB Página 163 17. 21. $BEBDVBUSPEÓBT MBSBUBIFNCSBFTUÈSFDFQUJWBBMNBDIPZ FOQFSÓPEPGÏSUJM QPSMPUBOUP FOVOBQPCMBDJØOEFSBUBTFT BMUBMBQSPCBCJMJEBEEFQSF×F["EFNÈT FMFNCBSB[PUJFOF VOBEVSBDJØOBQSPYJNBEBEFEÓBT DPOMPDVBM FOQPDP UJFNQPQVFEFIBCFSVOBMUÓTJNPOÞNFSPEFEFTDFOEJFOUFT 25.indd 25 1/22/10 4:57:28 PM . 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Prohibida su fotocopia.A. 1BSBSFTPMWFSFTUBDPOTJHOBEFCFSÈOUFOFSFODVFOUB MB EFTDSJQDJØO EF MB FYQFSJFODJB SFBMJ[BEB QPS 'SJU[ 25 BIO3_Docente. &M QFSÓPEP EF GSÓP JOUFOTP EFTUSVZF FM ÈDJEP BCTDÓTJDP Z  QPSMPUBOUP TFEFUJFOFMBJOIJCJDJØOEFMBTHJCFSFMJOBTZ MBTTFNJMMBTQVFEFOHFSNJOBS 29. $VBOEP EFUFDUBO NFEJBOUF TF×BMFT MVNJOPTBT B QMBOUBT DPNQFUJEPSBT  TF TJOUFUJ[BO Z MJCFSBO BVYJOBT RVF QSPNVFWFOFMDSFDJNJFOUPFOBMUVSBEFMBTQMBOUBT&OMBSFTQVFTUBBMBTBDDJPOFTEFMPTJOTFDUPTIFSCÓWPSPTJOUFSWJFOFOVOBTIPSNPOBTEFOPNJOBEBTKBTNPOBUPT RVFQSPNVFWFOMBQSPEVDDJØOEFTVTUBODJBTMMBNBEBTBOUJIFSCÓWPSBTQPSRVFSFTVMUBOEFTBHSBEBCMFTQBSBMPTBUBDBOUFT 19.4JQVFEFODPOPDFSTFMPTNFDBOJTNPTRVFJOUFSWJFOFOFO MBTFMFDDJØOEFVOPVPUSPDPNQPSUBNJFOUP UBMWF[QVFEB MPHSBSTF PSJFOUBS MBT SFTQVFTUBT EF MBT QMBOUBT IBDJB FM DPOUSPMEFQMBHBTQPSNFEJPTOBUVSBMFT MBTÓOUFTJTEFFTUBT TVTUBODJBT BOUJIFSCÓWPSBT  Z BTÓ EJTNJOVJS FM VTP EF QMBHVJDJEBTTJOUÏUJDPTFOMPTDVMUJWPT Páginas 164 y 165 23. a) 1PESÓBDPNQSBSBVYJOBTTJOUÏUJDBT RVFQSPNVFWFOFM DSFDJNJFOUP EF SBÓDFT EFTEF FM WÈTUBHP Z QFSNJUFO QSPEVDJSOVFWBTQMBOUBTBQBSUJSEFVOUSP[PEFUBMMP b) 1PESÓBVTBSVOBTPMVDJØODPODJOFUJOB QBSBNBOUFOFS FMDPMPSWFSEFZMBTBMVEEFMBTIPKBT 30. -PT QSPCMFNBT EF TVQFSWJWFODJB TPO MB DPNQFUFODJB DPO PUSBTQMBOUBTZFMBUBRVFEFJOTFDUPTIFSCÓWPSPT © Santillana S.723 18. &OFMDBTPEFMPTMBHBSUPTAnolis FMIFDIPEFRVFMBTFDDJØO EFMBNÏEVMBFTQJOBMOPQSPEV[DBDBNCJPTFOMBTSFTQVFTUBTQJHNFOUBSJBTJOEJDBRVFTPOJOEFQFOEJFOUFTEFMTJTUFNBOFSWJPTPDFOUSBM&MDPOUSPMEFDPMPSEFMBQJFMEFFTUPT SFQUJMFTFTUÈBDBSHPEFMBIJQØGJTJT RVFSFTQPOEFBMBMV[ TFDSFUBOEPIPSNPOBTRVFFKFSDFOTVBDDJØOFOMBTDÏMVMBT QJHNFOUBSJBT4JOFNCBSHP QPEFNPTEFDJSRVFTFUSBUBEF VODPOUSPMOFVSPFOEPDSJOP ZBRVFMPTDBNCJPTEFDPMPS TPOEFUFDUBEPTQPSMPTPKPT RVFFOWÓBOTF×BMFTBMBIJQØGJTJTBUSBWÏTEFWÓBTOFSWJPTBTTFOTJUJWBT 16.

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a)  b) c) d) e) $SPNPTPNBT (FO 1SPUFÓOBT . -BDBSBDUFSÓTUJDBEFMBTQMBOUBTRVFSFTVMUBWFOUBKPTBQBSBMB PCUFODJØOEFUSBOTHÏOJDPTFTRVFTVTDÏMVMBTUJFOFOMBDBQBDJEBEEFNVMUJQMJDBSTFZHFOFSBSUPEPTMPTUJQPTEFDÏMVMBT WFHFUBMFT&ODPOTFDVFODJB BQBSUJSEFVOBTQPDBTDÏMVMBT USBOTGPSNBEBTFTQPTJCMFSFHFOFSBSQMBOUBTDPNQMFUBT Página 214 11. Prohibida su fotocopia. Ley 11. a) -BPCUFODJØOEFMPT(MP'JTIJODMVZFFMDPSUFDPOFO[JNBTEFSFTUSJDDJØOEFMHFOEFMBNFEVTBZTVBJTMBNJFOUP MBJODPSQPSBDJØOEFMHFOFOFMDJHPUPEFMQF[ZFM EFTBSSPMMPEFMPTFNCSJPOFTDPOFMHFOJOTFSUBEP 1F[ cebra . -PTQMÈTNJEPTTPONPMÏDVMBTEF"%/DJSDVMBSZFTUÈOQSFTFOUFT FO MBT CBDUFSJBT 4F QVFEFO FYUSBFS EF MBT CBDUFSJBT DPSUBSMPTFJOTFSUBSMFTVOHFOEFPUSPPSHBOJTNP-BT FO[JNBTEFSFTUSJDDJØODPSUBOMBNPMÏDVMBEF"%/FOMVHBSFTRVFUJFOFOEFUFSNJOBEBTTFDVFODJBT FOUPODFTQFSNJUFOTFQBSBSVOHFOEFJOUFSÏTEFMSFTUPEFM"%/EFVO PSHBOJTNP  Z UBNCJÏO DPSUBS MPT QMÈTNJEPT -B MJHBTB FT VOBQSPUFÓOBRVFQFSNJUFMBVOJØOEFGSBHNFOUPTEF"%/ RVFGVFSPODPSUBEPTDPOMBNJTNBFO[JNBEFSFTUSJDDJØO Página 212 7.723 d) &TFTQFSBCMFRVFMPTBMVNOPTJOUFSQSFUFOMBJOUFODJØO 30 BIO3_Docente. 6O QPTJCMF BSHVNFOUP B GBWPS EFM DVMUJWP EF TPKB FT TV SFTJTUFODJBBMPTIFSCJDJEBT MPDVBMQFSNJUFVONFKPSEFTBSSPMMPEFMDVMUJWPBMOPTFSBUBDBEPQPSFTBTTVTUBODJBT 1PS PUSP MBEP  VOB NBZPS QSPEVDDJØO EF TPKB UFOESÓB DPNP BSHVNFOUP B GBWPS MB QPTJCJMJEBE EF BVNFOUBS MB QSPEVDDJØOEFBMJNFOUPT$PNPBSHVNFOUPTFODPOUSBTF © Santillana S.indd 30 1/22/10 4:57:32 PM .EFMBVUPS RVFQSFUFOEFSÓBFYQMJDBSRVFUPEPQBSFDF SFEVDJSTFBMBHFOÏUJDBZOPTFDPOUFNQMBOMPTGBDUPSFTBNCJFOUBMFTZDVMUVSBMFT e) -PT BMVNOPT QPESÓBO DPNFOUBS MJCSFNFOUF MPT EJGFSFOUFT BTQFDUPT RVF UJFOF FTUB FYQSFTJØO  EFTEF MP TFVEPDJFOUÓGJDP MPJOGPSNBM MPTVCKFUJWP MPQSFEJDUJWPDPNPVOBGBOUBTÓB FUDÏUFSB f) 3FTQVFTUB BCJFSUB 2VJ[ÈT MVFHP EF IBCFS USBCBKBEP TPCSF FTUF GSBHNFOUP QVFEBO MFFS MB OPUB DPNQMFUB FOMBQÈHJOBDJUBEBXXXDSJUJDBEJHJUBMDPNSFWJTUBDGJMFTSFWJTUB@D@QBSB@XFCQEG 33.FEusa FO[JNBTEF SFTUSJDDJØO $JHPUP JOZección (FO para la fluorescencia desarrollo 1F[USBOTHÏOJDP b) &O DVBOUP B MB EJGFSFODJB FOUSF MB PCUFODJØO EF MPT QFDFTZMBTDBCSBTUSBOTHÏOJDBTFTJOUFSFTBOUFEFTUBDBS DPOMPTBMVNOPTRVF QPSTFSPWÓQBSPT OPTFSFRVJFSF  QBSB FM EFTBSSPMMP EF MPT FNCSJPOFT EF MPT QFDFT MB JNQMBOUBDJØOFOVOBIFNCSB Página 215 13. 4F FTQFSB RVF B QBSUJS EF MB JOGPSNBDJØO EFM DVBESP MPT BMVNOPTWFBOMBTWFOUBKBTEFRVFMBTQMBOUBTOPTFBOBGFDUBEBTQPSMBBDDJØOEFJOTFDUPTPQPSMBBDDJØOEFMBTTVTUBODJBTRVFTFVUJMJ[BODPNPIFSCJDJEBT FTEFDJS QBSBEFTUSVJS MBTNBMF[BTPFTQFDJFTWFHFUBMFTOPEFTFBEBTRVFDSFDFO FOUSFMPTDVMUJWPT Página 216 14.A. 1BSBPCUFOFSVOBCBDUFSJBUSBOTHÏOJDBTFEFCFOTFHVJSMPT TJHVJFOUFTQBTPT4FDPSUBDPOVOBFO[JNBEFSFTUSJDDJØO FM "%/ EF VO PSHBOJTNP Z TF TFQBSB FM HFO EF JOUFSÏT  MVFHPTFDPSUBDPOMBNJTNBFO[JNBEFSFTUSJDDJØOFMQMÈTNJEPFYUSBÓEPEFVOBCBDUFSJB&MQBTPTJHVJFOUFFTSFVOJS FMHFOPCUFOJEP FMQMÈTNJEPZMBFO[JNBMJHBTBQBSBRVF TFVOBOMPTGSBHNFOUPTEF"%/QPSTVTFYUSFNPT ZBDPOUJOVBDJØO TF SFÞOFO MBT CBDUFSJBT DPO MPT QMÈTNJEPT SFDPNCJOBOUFTPCUFOJEPTQBSBRVFJOHSFTFOFOFMMBT 8. -BEJGJDVMUBEQBSBPCUFOFSVOBQMBOUBPVOBOJNBMUSBOTHÏOJDPFODPNQBSBDJØODPOMBPCUFODJØOEFNJDSPPSHBOJTNPT USBOTHÏOJDPT FT RVF FO FM PSHBOJTNP QMVSJDFMVMBS UJFOFO RVFBTFHVSBSTFFMJOHSFTPEFMHFOEFJOUFSÏTFOUPEBTMBT DÏMVMBT &O DBNCJP  FO MBT CBDUFSJBT MPT QMÈTNJEPT EFCFO JOUSPEVDJSTFFOMBÞOJDBDÏMVMBRVFMBTDPOTUJUVZF 12. 1BSBJOUSPEVDJSHFOFTFODÏMVMBTWFHFUBMFTTFBQSPWFDIB RVF OBUVSBMNFOUF MBCBDUFSJBAgrobacterium tumefaciens UJFOFMBDBQBDJEBEEFJOUSPEVDJSQBSUFEFTVNBUFSJBMHFOÏUJDPFOBMVOBTQMBOUBT MPRVFQSPWPDBMBGPSNBDJØOEF UVNPSFT 10. &OFTUBBDUJWJEBEFTJNQPSUBOUFMBNPUJWBDJØOEFMPTDIJDPTFOMPSFGFSFOUFBMBJOWFTUJHBDJØOZCÞTRVFEBEFNBUFSJBM&TGVOEBNFOUBMRVFFMEPDFOUFBDPNQB×FZHVÓF MBTBDUJWJEBEFTEFMPTHSVQPTDPNPDPPSEJOBEPSEFMBTUBSFBT-VFHPEFRVFDBEBHSVQPIBZBFMFHJEPTVUFNB TFSÓB JNQPSUBOUF QMBOJGJDBS MBT BDUJWJEBEFT  FM PSEFO Z MB NBOFSBFOMBRVFMPTEJGFSFOUFTHSVQPTWBOBSFBMJ[BSTV CÞTRVFEBEFJOGPSNBDJØO 11 La biotecnología moderna Página 211 6. -BSFTJTUFODJBBBOUJCJØUJDPTQFSNJUFJEFOUJGJDBSMBTCBDUFSJBTUSBOTHÏOJDBT FTEFDJS BRVFMMBTFOMBTRVFJOHSFTØFM QMÈTNJEPSFDPNCJOBOUF ZBRVFFTUFUBNCJÏODPOUJFOFVO HFOEFSFTJTUFODJBBVOBOUJCJØUJDP&OUPODFT TFDVMUJWBO MBTCBDUFSJBTFOVONFEJPDPOFMBOUJCJØUJDPBEFDVBEPZ TPCSFWJWFOTPMPMBTRVFDPOUJFOFOFMQMÈTNJEP Página 213 9.VUBDJØO *OUFSGBTF 34. 3FTQVFTUBBCJFSUB 35.

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