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remanzo

5
4.5
4

tirante

3.5
3
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
0
236

243

253

266

284

311
longitud

353

431

615

1,596

Diseño de alcantarilla
d
1.22 m
S
0.015
n
0.024
Q
1 m3/s
y
1-2y/d
O RAD
0.5
0.180328
2.778953
0.51
0.163934
2.812237
0.52
0.147541
2.845429
0.53
0.131148
2.878540
0.54
0.114754
2.911578
0.55
0.098361
2.944553
0.56
0.081967
2.977474
0.57
0.065574
3.010351
0.58
0.049180
3.043192
0.59
0.032787
3.076007
0.6
0.016393
3.108804
0.61
0.000000
3.141593
0.62
-0.016393
3.174381
0.63
-0.032787
3.207178
0.64
-0.049180
3.239993
0.65
-0.065574
3.272834
0.66
-0.081967
3.305711
0.67
-0.098361
3.338633
0.68
-0.114754
3.371608
0.69
-0.131148
3.404646

O GRAD
159.303044
161.211050
163.113792
165.011835
166.905730
168.796017
170.683229
172.567888
174.450514
176.331619
178.211711
180.091299
181.970886
183.850978
185.732083
187.614709
189.499368
191.386580
193.276867
195.170762

SEN O
0.353425
0.322083
0.290472
0.258620
0.226554
0.194303
0.161893
0.129351
0.096705
0.063982
0.031206
-0.001593
-0.034392
-0.067162
-0.099877
-0.132511
-0.165037
-0.197428
-0.229657
-0.261697

A
0.451269
0.463293
0.475350
0.487436
0.499549
0.511684
0.523839
0.536010
0.548194
0.560387
0.572587
0.584790
0.596992
0.609191
0.621383
0.633564
0.645733
0.657884
0.670015
0.682123

P
1.695161
1.715465
1.735712
1.755909
1.776062
1.796177
1.816259
1.836314
1.856347
1.876364
1.896371
1.916372
1.936372
1.956379
1.976396
1.996429
2.016484
2.036566
2.056681
2.076834

R
0.266210
0.270069
0.273864
0.277598
0.281268
0.284874
0.288416
0.291894
0.295308
0.298656
0.301938
0.305155
0.308304
0.311387
0.314402
0.317349
0.320227
0.323036
0.325775
0.328444

Q
0.961432
0.996468
1.031861
1.067595
1.103649
1.140006
1.176645
1.213546
1.250691
1.288059
1.325629
1.363382
1.401295
1.439349
1.477522
1.515792
1.554137
1.592536
1.630966
1.669403

EJEMPLO 1
VARIACION DE ENERGIA ESPECIFICA Y OTROS PARAMETROS DESCRIPTIVOS EN FUNCION
DEL TIRANTE
DATOS
CANAL RECTANGULAR
GASTO ESPECIFICO = 1m3/s/m
graficar en funcion del tirante 1.5>y>0.1
sol.
Yc = (q^2/g)0.333
Yc = 0.4673
y

v
1.5
1.46
1
0.6
0.467
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1

A=Y

v^2/2g

0.667
0.685
1.000
1.667
2.141
2.500
3.333
5.000
10.000

V=q/y

0.023
0.024
0.051
0.142
0.234
0.319
0.567
1.276
5.102

E=Y+V^2/2*g

EJEMPLO 2
ENERGIA ESPECIFICA
triangular

Caud m3
Tm
Z
GRAFICAR Y Vs. E
y
m
4
3.8
3.6
3.4
3.2
3
2.8

12
2
1
A
m2

V
m/s
16
14.44
12.96
11.56
10.24
9
7.84

0.125
0.831024931
0.925925926
1.038062284
1.171875
1.333333333
1.530612245

V^2/2*g
0.000797194
0.035234818
0.043741777
0.05497823
0.070065868
0.090702948
0.1195292778

2.6
2.4
2.2
2
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1

6.76
5.76
4.84
4
3.24
2.56
1.96
1.44
1

1.775147929
2.083333333
2.479338843
3
3.703703704
4.6875
6.12244898
8.333333333
12

0.160772968
0.221442744
0.313628627
0.459183673
0.699868425
1.12105389
1.912468444
3.5430839
7.346938776

ENERG. ESPEC.Q=2m3/S,B=2 m
Tirante

4
3.5
3
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
0

2

3

4

5
6
7
Energía esp.

EJEMPLO 3
Diseñar un canal que puede transportae 2.9 m3/s
DATOS
b mts.
z
n
s
Y

2.5
2
0.014
0.008
P

A

8

9

738876812 2.32 EJEMPLO 4 TIRANTE EN UN CANAL CIRCULAR ALCANTARILLA do (m) S n Q m3/s Y m 0.287002218 1.6 0.0608657 132.2 0.9 0.0000 1.3000 0.0242144 227.841640786 4.2000 0.3141014 120.5000 0.692387647 4.947213595 3.59079766 1.27 0.4000 0.5 2.6000 1.7000 0.283185307 0 grad 51.1 -0.3 -0.4 -0.0000 2 0.5000 1.1000 0.5754615 203.188790205 4.3 0.1 0 -0.532207346 2.750977962 3.7000 1.103103631 O rad 0.288854382 0 0.71008033 73.77719719 91.1000 1.58 0.7 -0.7 0.8000 1.9412578113 3.318558961 2.1217315 253.964626346 4.2000 1.6071357 180.8 -0.4000 1.9000 2.5 0.8 0.3000 1.8684958 268.1583829 157.854590436 2.93 1.902053624 1.4 0.341927496 3.3811316836 6.0 0.3 0.5 -0.094395102 2.024 10 COS O/2 (1-2Y/do) 0.6000 0.4 2.2 -0.99618309 5.0912986 191.015 0.6 -0.394427191 3.141592654 3.4725169 360.19222257 106.9903747 286.0056771 168.8000 0.428594871 4.271574 240.9110233 145.544308495 3.9000 1.1769201 215.2 0.4054 308.1 0.9 -1 5.1825972 .

760881132 1.12359984 64.219384 0.961684 0.00018284 43754.9144607 0.6041483 0.82203074 1.79645104 10.283673705 3.31 0.04455968 2.00658224 1215.30735404 26.52976269 1.68034764 11.08063244 99.71 0.864764 0.75869442 2.767844 0.828427125 Y A V P 0.86515084 4.01 1.EJEMPLO 5 Dimensionar un canal trapezoidal que debe transportar 8 cubos de agua DATOS inclinación 45º S 0.002 n 0.413224 0.510144 1.56 0.747623909 3.05439024 3.41 0.46 0.21565067 0.5511810687 4.57338624 13.10195 0.668816026 2.02861508 1.402204 0.67774194 1.02212364 361.26 0.036564 0.17570924 45.04680704 170.47556684 16.499124 0.681944 0.058604 .19961324 6.828427125 b/y z+m 1.289197328 3.66 0.68505344 4.51409804 5.327324 0.016 condición MEH sol.144504 0.778864 0.11 2.679647282 2.91 1.96 1.047584 0.95220088 2.23696064 33.05608384 7.25277164 3.01 0.575156154 2.875784 1.72500288 0.06 2.61 0.92169644 8.16 0.585024 0.81 1.316304 0.230404 0.391721 0. calculo del talud 1 z 1 m 0.21 0.133484 0.06 0.894099497 3.35228464 5.36 0.596044 0.51 0.86 1.950664 0.38688944 20.692964 1.915914271 3.76 1.11 0.

81 1.338344 5.46 1.66365184 5.21 1.31 1.521164 5.800904 6.424244 4.607064 4.0526413 1.36 1.412516204 1.251642535 2.61 1.33555453 1.63504204 3.789884 4.13771724 3.797916747 1.67018604 7.200799856 2.44959424 4.703984 5.1.67696044 2.138955174 4.587824864 1.972704 5.252444 6.96 2.34642444 5.89741744 4.76 1.46029504 2.38180864 3.41 1.496327142 1.988464036 2.86 1.155524 5.199366847 1.51 1.918955394 1.32553264 6.71 1.73939564 5.16 1.166544 .755990296 2.03833904 5.687978934 1.90276784 3.56 1.241424 4.66 1.26471563 1.99002124 6.435264 6.91 1.618084 6.16893484 4.549624261 2.886804 6.26 1.983724 7.069624 6.02398144 3.365598072 2.

314432 6.92 A3/T=Q2/g A3 A3 10.9 1 1.4 0.5 4.034632 72.42 0.1 VC=2.5 7.2934582 119.7 2.82 2.7 .887872 42.095488 1.1 0.2T A3 T 0.22 0.010648 0.5 3 canal trapezoidal sol.2 0.875 73.1 1.028568 23.3 0.2 YC =1.3 2.EJEMPLO 6 Dibujar la linea de energía mínima Yc Q cubos b z ? 10 0.098 1. condicion general A=(b+zyc)yc T=b+2*zyc Reemp en* y 0.000512 0.1 1.08 0.39m 1.88 3.18 4.074088 0.165812 4.39 m/s E=YC+VC^2/2g A 0.088 7.7 5.9 6.68 1.19367992 10.1 7.9 4.7 0.

85 ..Calcular el caudal en cada ramal con C=100 Ecuacion de descarga hf=kQ^1.EJEMPLO 7 RED DE TUBERIAS HARDY CROSS 1.

627 370440 5.41*10^5*Y) D.16 34.6 0.326 158760 5.84 0.A.12 441000Y LG(441000Y) 529200 5.0069 70 -20 -130 87.35 23.982 1.96 0.240 2.170 2.025 52920 4.101 2.2 S 4/100000 CALCULAR LAS VELOCIDADES A INTERVALOS DE 1/10 CANAL LISO VISCOSIDAD 1.5 =(Grs)^0.5 0.5 0.72 0.0083 -110 20 90 -57.0281 0.24 -16.85*D^4.201 105840 5.0281 0.93 7.48 0.36 0. 8 VELOCIDAD DATOS CANAL RECTANGULAR ANCHO y 1.4*10^-6 m sol.423 211680 5.0097 0.22 -7.16 -56.258 2.724 476280 5. Y(m) 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1.502 264600 5.5 6 6 8 CIRCUITO I 0.5 Yo = visc/9V* V=2.052 1.24 0.197 2.6 0.866) TABULACION PARA DOS CIRCUITOS K L D Qo hfO BN NM MB 0.139 2.863 .569 317520 5.A.678 423360 5.K=1.303*(Ghs)lg(9V*Y/VISC) V=0.71 CM MN NC 0.724 V(m/s) 2.53 EJEMPLO N.220 2.6 8 6 8 0.08 0.7 0.5*2.RECORDANDO DISTRIBUCION DE VELOCIDADES DE CANAL ABIERTO V/V*=1/K*Ln(Y/Yo) V*= (To/DENS)^0.3945*LG(4.0337 0.72*10^6*L/(c^1.2 1.

204 0.333 1.080 0.231 VELOC.538 1.319 0.6 0.5 0.416 0.55 1.071 0.818 1.250 1.4 0.06 0.9 1.408 5.7 1.7 0.963 2.3 0.2 0. Es Y A 0 0 0.003 TIRANTE 92.45 0.5 0.000 VELOCIDAD 1.176 1.8 0.7 0.4 0.15 0.0.122 3.6 0.9 0.719 0.8 1.4 4.65 1.841 0.091 0.771 0.2 0.75 39690 26460 13230 1323 1.1 0.667 1.745 1.626 1.476 1.2 1 0.4 0.814 1.000 3.500 2.2 0 1.75 1.252 0. CANAL 1.3 0.2 0.4 0.857 2.000 4.599 4.09 0.000 10.500 .1 0.804 0.458 5.066 0.063 Y+V^2/(2g) 20.867 0.3 0.222 2.880 0.5 99.276 0.000 1.667 5.742 0.702 0.85 1.500 2.5 1 0.333 2.25 0.202 2.104 0.921 0.567 0.719 0.000 6.816 0.102 2.000 EJEMPLO No 9 ENERGIA ESPECIFICA CANAL RECTANGULAR BASE b (m) 2 Q (m3/s) 2 GRAFICAR Y Vs.6 1.8 0.704 0.268 1.423 4.122 1.05 0.03 0.169 0.111 V^2/2g 20.35 0.429 1.5 95 97.142 0.6 0.418 1.1 0.766 0.8 V 20.121 0.

4 0.189 1.000 10.3 2.TIRANTE 0.769 0.033 0.000 25.2 2.9 3 3.6 2.714 0.625 0.15 1.45 1.330 1.6 1.2 1 0.053 1.023 0.4 2.283 1.000 0.024 0.030 0.35 1.8 1.25 1.690 0.1 3.000 ENERGIA EJEMPLO No 10 .3 1.028 0.000 20.8 0.235 1.4 1.571 1.021 0.05 1.645 0.6 1.020 1.952 0.800 0.2 0 0.1 2.95 1 1.000 15.8 2.026 0.833 0.870 0.096 1.Q=2 .4 1.057 0.474 1.5 2.039 0.007 1.7 2.1 1.378 1.426 1.6 0.035 0.2 1.9 2 2.ESP.5 1.620 ENER.000 5.2 1.B=2 1.523 1.046 0.042 0.741 0.051 0.051 1.142 1.909 0.667 0.55 1.

57 10.090702948 2.7009 0.967 0.528 -0.1 .4839 1.4755 5.5 1.5227 1.4 44.041 DE/DY=3-2E/Y (V^2/2g)/E*100 1.69 1.94 3.594 -2.4 65.919529278 0.9 19.898 0.7417 0.970 0.1 33.7189 0.270065868 3.2020 F dE/dY 0.10 F=V/(G*Y)^0.0510 0.643741777 3.32 0.755 -101.E 1.45497823 3.5 Y+V^2/2*g E (M) 4.8669 1.779 -11.17 0.4 86.000797194 3.835234818 3.26 1.00 1.002 -0.18 0.4 98.6 4.

513628627 2.2.312468444 4.760772968 2.72105389 3.499868425 2.621442744 2.346938776 m3/S.459183673 2.7430839 8.B=2 m 7 8 9 R Q .

3185589615 2.4626804462 9.8692620683 A r^2/2(o-seno) 0.7324119198 0.4104770105 10.3419274959 3.9689400633 2.60845726 0.596002022 0.499746393 Q (AR^2/3S^1/2)/n 0.571309864 0.3811316836 6.4474271249 0.2420840603 0.2157760438 9.854590436 2.8770519948 10.393571631 -0.197535255 -0.0955711681 .7655233584 10.200658373 -0.185760313 0.867085756 -0.9808655636 2.7712929347 1.466419935 0.7509779616 3.694610699 2.9777352248 3.3496021982 2.95928736 -0.865493761 0.293378584 0.573922575 -0.163409821 0.0943951024 2.1529361579 2.387191334 0.782906669 0.606539019 0.0916119552 0.603500738 0.9804487409 1.6923876468 4.5443084952 3.126969339 0.4084022129 4.555521639 0.4285948712 4.1708682989 0.3718612782 1.064945266 0.960182576 0.734578051 -0.959736186 0.048391665 0.1887902048 4.0585841122 0.3556909893 1.999844749 -0.1399991949 P r0 0.003186917 R A/P 0.738876812 2.342054498 0.6144506705 0.784885399 0.592641524 0.999783517 0.2109481268 0.576503059 0.7926216908 7.3855698405 1.056323742 5.307774497 0 0.5279379804 2.9961830896 5.500253607 0.1624502685 2.846116198 2.5907976604 1.241253873 0.3265978152 3.960626527 -0.9646263457 4.9020536236 1.5322073456 2.0820191762 3.1415926536 3.7930735208 0.42868611 0.2955070717 0.5/n sen0 0.572745541 0.9224833906 6.530021353 0.001593461 -0.6467005542 8.1741184466 1.0 0.4915012329 0.2125961681 5.9412578113 3.8510538474 10.2870022176 1.6596068374 3.8856951521 1.390639919 0.2831853072 s^0.5715930572 1.

405044306 0.0089448689 0.0501484736 0.305033366 0.5340761307 0.833336308 2.8837405636 3.430047041 0.0620016984 1.380041571 0.0242887381 0.005000547 0.355038836 0.1416417732 0.480052511 0.3300361011 0.055006017 0.080008752 0.2467054601 .5 1.2984714814 0.(1+Z^2)^0.255027896 0.230025161 0.180019691 0.5004917791 2.4142135624 R 0.455049776 0.0886216894 0.555060715 Q 0.8608161756 1.3017323249 3.2902558499 1.205022426 0.530057981 0.2110199648 0.6853151917 0.155016957 0.1507699011 2.1050114867 0.00001497 0.4056331671 0.5469280559 1.505055246 0.030003282 0.280030631 0.130014222 0.0017773474 0.755662138 4.

58006345 0.1703 .035987147 8.51302193 15.9540016738 6.63006892 0.816770153 18.638394324 16.776019358 5.805088065 0.705077125 0.930101739 0.0.980107209 4.6049016223 7.8300908 0.336406406 rpta b 1.417359131 13.905099004 0.655071655 0.755082595 0.049120159 19.445080841 12.605066185 0.78008533 0.68007439 0.439673228 14.6465855597 10.73007986 0.521829459 11.855093535 0.818318744 9.955104474 0.3447436058 5.2985369127 8.88009627 0.

94 60.2976 78.22 17.42 72.58 47.*T * 10.54 .2T 11.18 66.3 72.46 29.34 23.

.

00 13.866) SUM hf0 sum(hfo/qo) AQ AQ -6.27 Q -6.44 7.36 0.^1.04 7.00 7.33 6.38 1.00 -13.53 0.53 0.04 -16.00 97.08 61.85*D^4.00 33.25 -5.30 23.00 136.00 51.00 33.71 1.00 hf 64.36 0.90 18.00 SUM hfo 73.00 -6.43 2.12 .28 18.08 39.25 0.00 103.

.

00 .

132 4.83601356 3.6 0.000 .990 c-v Régimen 3.78452111 3.3.2 0 0.8 0.1 subcrítico 2.4007141 0.503 4.71551741 1.4 0.401 10.2 1 0.469 4.14039015 1.42610799 2.0 crítico supercrítico 1.481 5.98090888 1.282 4.093 4.4 1.99045444 C=(g*Y)^0.8 0.5 c+v 4.2 3.049 6.1 0.13209195 2.6 TIRANTE c 1.

.

^2/3S^1/2)/n rpta .

.

.

.

.

00 SUMhfo AQ 76.00 0 0 0 0.16 37.00 15.47 -2 -3 -2 -105.06 -15.00 -53.16 0 0 0 .00 -135.83 -0.AQ Q 1 3 1 hf 65 -30.00 30.00 95.16 -60.

.

.

6 1.0000 ENERGIA .4 0.00001.00005.6 0.00002.2 1 0.2 0 0.8 0.00006.4 1.ENERGIA ESPECIFICA TIRANTE 1.00004.00003.