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EJEMPLOS PRACTICOS

DEL CURSO BASICO DE


ANALISIS
VIBRACIONAL

W1K19

49.85

RMS Velocity in mm/Sec

Desbalance
W1 - Soplador del Coolax
-D2V Descanso lado rodet 1 vertic nor
ROUTE SPECTRUM
30-AUG-02 11:07:09
OVRALL= 5.83 V-DG
RMS = 5.82
CARGA = 100.0
RPM = 2991.
RPS = 49.85

6
5
4
3
2
1
0

Velocity in mm/Sec

400

800

1200
Frequency in Hz

1600

2000

ROUTE WAVEFORM
30-AUG-02 11:07:09
RMS = 5.84
PK(+) = 10.85
PK(-) = 10.31
CRESTF= 1.86

9
6
3
0
-3
-6
-9
-12
0

6
Revolution Number

10

Freq: 50.00
Ordr: 1.003
Spec: 5.581

El desbalance se observa en la 1ra armnica y la


forma de onda

W1K15

99.97

RMS Velocity in mm/Sec

Desalineamiento
1.4
1.2

W1 - Soplador del Coolax


-D1V Descanso lado transm 1 vertical
ROUTE SPECTRUM
30-AUG-02 10:40:19
OVRALL= 1.47 V-DG
RMS = 1.47
CARGA = 100.0
RPM = 2996.
RPS = 49.94

1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0

Velocity in mm/Sec

400

800

1200
Frequency in Hz

1600

2000

6
4

ROUTE WAVEFORM
30-AUG-02 10:40:19
RMS = 1.49
PK(+) = 4.20
PK(-) = 3.76
CRESTF= 2.81

2
0
-2
-4
-6
0

6
Revolution Number

10

Freq: 100.00
Ordr: 2.002
Spec: .955

La 2da armnca se manifiesta y la forma de onda es dos


ciclos por cada revolucin

258.81

RMS Velocity in mm/Sec

Falla en rodamientos
3.5

SP-812

SP - Ventilador de Airslide
-D2V Descanso lado rodet 1 vertic nor
ROUTE SPECTRUM
15-AUG-02 10:48:47
OVRALL= 7.10 V-DG
RMS = 7.06
CARGA = 100.0
RPM = 1460.
RPS = 24.34

B B B B B B B B B B B B

3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5

>SNR 2209
B=BSF

Velocity in mm/Sec

400

800

1200
Frequency in Hz

1600

2000

ROUTE WAVEFORM
15-AUG-02 10:48:47
RMS = 6.81
PK(+) = 20.35
PK(-) = 21.54
CRESTF= 3.16

20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
-20
-25
0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0
2.5
3.0
Revolution Number

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

Defecto en las bolas de rodadura de un rodamiento 2209

Z3 - Ventilador del Colector


Z3P26 -D1V Descanso 1 Vertical Normal

1898.0

RMS Velocity in mm/Sec

Mala Lubricacin
0.7

ROUTE SPECTRUM
27-AUG-02 14:18:10
OVRALL= 1.04 V-DG
RMS = 1.03
CARGA = 100.0
RPM = 1482.
RPS = 24.70

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0

Velocity in mm/Sec

400

800

1200
Frequency in Hz

1600

2000

ROUTE WAVEFORM
27-AUG-02 14:18:10
RMS = 1.27
PK(+) = 3.47
PK(-) = 3.42
CRESTF= 2.74

3
2
1
0
-1
-2
-3
-4
0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0
2.5
3.0
Revolution Number

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

Freq: 25.00
Ordr: 1.012
Spec: .08488

No se manifiestan frecuencias de falla, pero hay bastante ruido

190.16

RMS Acceleration in G-s

Mala Lubricacin
1.4

1.2
1.0

Z3P26
C

Z3 - Ventilador del Colector


-D1H Descanso 1 Horizontal Peak-v
C

ROUTE SPECTRUM
27-AUG-02 14:19:50
(PkVue-HP 2000 Hz)
OVRALL= 4.89 A-DG
RMS = 4.86
CARGA = 100.0
RPM = 1482.
RPS = 24.70

0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2

>FAG 22228EAS
C=BPFO

Acceleration in G-s

400

800

1200
Frequency in Hz

1600

2000

ROUTE WAVEFORM
27-AUG-02 14:19:50
(PkVue-HP 2000 Hz)
RMS = 4.83
PK(+) = 18.70
PK(-) = 10.95
CRESTF= 3.87

20
15
10
5
0
-5
-10
-15
0

0.5

1.0

1.5

2.0
2.5
3.0
Revolution Number

3.5

4.0

4.5

5.0

Misma toma anterior, utilizando filtro banda pasa-alto

Freq: 25.00
Ordr: 1.012
Spec: .295

CM - Reductor del Molino Sket


CM-208R -R2V Reductor 2 Vertical
1.8
1.6
1.4
1.2
1.0
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0

Velocity in mm/Sec

200

400

600
Frequency in Hz

763.61

RMS Velocity in mm/Sec

Defecto en un Reductor
ROUTE SPECTRUM
21-AUG-02 10:40:59
OVRALL= 2.26 V-DG
RMS = 2.26
CARGA = 100.0
RPM = 995.
RPS = 16.58

800

1000

ROUTE WAVEFORM
21-AUG-02 10:40:59
RMS = 2.30
PK(+) = 5.89
PK(-) = 7.78
CRESTF= 3.38

6
4
2
0
-2
-4
-6
-8
-10
0

3
4
Revolution Number

Freq: 763.75
Ordr: 46.06
Spec: 1.476

El defecto est en el primer par de engranajes backslash

2.7
2.4
2.1
1.8
1.5
1.2
0.9
0.6
0.3
0
0

Velocity in mm/Sec

CM - Molino Sket (Trunions)


CM-208 -T1H Trunion 1 Horizontal

89.85

RMS Velocity in mm/Sec

Defecto en un Par Pin - Corona


ANALYZE SPECTRUM
21-AUG-02 11:05:16
(SST-Corrected)
RMS = 3.00
CARGA = 100.0
RPM = 134.
RPS = 2.23

100

200

300
Frequency in Hz

400

500

ANALYZE WAVEFORM
21-AUG-02 11:05:16
RMS = 2.80
PK(+) = 7.89
PK(-) = 5.65
CRESTF= 2.82

8
6
4
2
0
-2
-4
-6
-8
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8
1.0
1.2
Revolution Number

1.4

1.6

1.8

Problemas de pisada en el par de engranes pin corona

Freq: 44.93
Ordr: 20.12
Spec: 1.168