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CA (October 07, 1996)

Coronel et al. consummated the sale of his property located in Quezon City to respondent Alcaraz. Since
the title of the property was still in the name of the deceased father of the Coronels, they agreed to
transfer its title to their name upon payment of the down payment of 50K. and thereafter an absolute deed
of sale will be executed.
Alcarazs mother paid the down payment in behalf of her daughter and as such, Coronel made the
transfer of title to their name. Notwithstanding this fact, Coronel sold the property to petitioner Mabanag
and rescinded its prior contract with Alcaraz.
WON the rescission of the first contract between Coronel and Alcaraz is valid.
The case is a contract of sale subject to a suspensive condition in which consummation is subject only to
the successful transfer of the certificate of title from the name of petitioners' father, to their names. Thus,
the contract of sale became obligatory.
With regard to double sale, the rule that the first in time, stronger in right should apply. The contention of
the petitioner that she was a buyer in good faith because the notice of lis pendens in the title was
annotated after she bought the property is of no merit. In case of double sale, what finds relevance and
materiality is not whether or not the second buyer was a buyer in good faith but whether or not said
second buyer registers such second sale in good faith, that is, without knowledge of any defect in the title
of the property sold.
The ruling should be in favor of Alcaraz because Mabanag registered the property two months after the
notice of lis pendens was annotated in the title and hence, she cannot be a buyer in good faith.