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18/6 Soil stresses under a polygonal area uniformly loaded Efforts du sol sous un polygon uniformément chargé J. DAMY R,, Professor of Civil Engineering, National University, Mexico C.CASALES G, Cons. Eng, Bufete Industrial; Assist. Prof, National University, Mexico inpRopucrioy the s0i1 stresses produced by superficsal Joading. This is accomplished using the formulas for the normal vertical stress o, at a point, caused by a vertical coticentrated load Applied’ at the surface. The ost widely used fommulas are given below. (1) nowssinesg’s esuation ops we [ae urn] ay (10) Neatergaarata equation og BS [we ert] (itt) FaBhldonte equation 7 eet} sera es eae peor, Q's "vertical concentrated load F = horizontal projection of the Gistance between the load Q and fhe point P where the stress i evaluated 2 = Gapth of point P 1-20 xe [bay Poisson's ratio of the soil parameter with values 2, 3 or 4 Observe that when X= 3, in Frohlich’ Squation, one obtains the Bovssinesq’ = ‘equation: In order to determine the normal stress o, caused by a uniforn vertical load, it is becessary to integrate the expression given by the formulas (1), (2) or (3) over the area where the load i diseributed. an exact solution, is know for the stross Gnder the corner Sf a rectangular area uilformly loaded (Fadun) and sone approxinate solutions are known for the cage of an area of inesg's, Westergaard's and FrShlich's equations for normal stress o, are integrated over @ triangle, The integration ie generalized for any polygonal ar any shape, such as those proposed by Hl. G. Poulos in'1374 who used the so called. sector Rethod, as well ae the popular chart by N. M. Newmark (1982). ‘There is no known solution for an area of any polygonal shape. ‘This paper presents a method Conducive to an exact sovution: DATEGRATION OF THE STRESS UNDER A VERTEX OF A ONEPORMLY LOADED ‘TRIANGULAR AREA The strest o, { obtained by integration unde the center Pof a circular sector (Fig. 1) with radius Rand central angle 0, loaded with Duniformly distrsbuted vertical load q. The Various solutions are (4) Bouseinesg's equation og fp [a+wo}re} a (18) Nostergaard's equation opt aft - xe + va] aan (114) Feantente oguation @fr- [ae oar] Fig. 1 cércular Sector ) ) ) 733 18/8 Using the results given in (4), (5) or (6) 4 is possible to obtain o, inder'a vertex P of any triangle, In Fig. 2'a differential Sireular sector whose central angle is a0 is Considered: The Qistance Kis a function of 0 Se shown in the figure: = height of the trdangle Fig. 2 Tefangular Area ‘The following solutions are obtained seeatfh feel cae" integrating we obtain cefpeomee [= i af _tano wnere a is the ratio 2/H and H is the height of the triangle I . / (58) Westorgeara's equation es -af [2 -w [or + scctsfan integrating we obtain aed a : where b ie the ratio 2/H multiplied by the constant Ke 734 (663) FrBnLich's equation -af [:- Integrating with x at + aecto]™*} ao 2, we obtain Integrating with X= 4, we obtain The process of integration vas, in general, Binple. However’ in the case of the Soussingsg’s Squation the integration was rather complicated, INTEGRATION FOR AN AREA OF ANY POLYGONAL SHAPE Since a polygon can be subdivided in triangular areas (Pig. 3), St {a possible to apply the Integration formulas obtained above: in Sequential form to all the Feaulting triangles. 3 (earys) 2 Geavys) Orin) 4 F 2 Gn yw P (agr¥p) Polygonal Uniformly Loaded In Pig. 3, the triangles P12, P23 and P34 give a positive contribution to the o,-values under P while the triangles P45 and P51 contribute hogatively. Note that the nusbering of the ‘The formulas for @ polygon of n vertices will be obtained applying reiteratedly the equations (yy (Bly (3) or (10) at the n-tviangles formed bythe point P and two consecutive vertices & ana tel" - Dy foscoucen [oxs]eeen” [ova] specie el} on : Eifrrcucar pana te} an (444) PrBhiich's equation with x= 2 tL ale (524)-t20"* (eu sna =f on) whe ig = tan? Cus cg = [eh Obs ep + rpoh - ep] ay Ces [Ader her AD the des - )] en weep Yin * Yan = ap apy fp * coordinates of point P = coordinates of vertex £ am Kies yyy 7 coorasnates Of vertex t+! Fy = ge Hn fev ts [Bin a, = Skt Ks five vee gg = eee a+ al + chy = kt i == Teal lval+a, (et, 2) 3 (re, 2) (41,2) conczusrons With the proposed formulas (11), (12), (13) oF (14) will be easy #9 caloulate the normal stress 0, at any point P within a soil loaded by a uniform vertical load distributed over a polygonal area. in fact one of the author (C. Gasales G.) has written a conputer-progran for She determination of o, in a HP-4icy computer: FINAL COMMENT AND ACKNOMLEDGMENT Roth authors obtained the sane results presented in this paper working independently. ‘the suthors wish to express their gratitude to Profs Arturo Arias and Hr. David Borizon Ch, iho, ‘working independently, obtained the Solution for the indefinive integral in the Boussineag’s equation. REFERENCES inesg, J. (1885). application dee Potentials a 1'icude de 1'equtlibre et Ge Nouvenent dea Solides Elastique: Gauthier-villars, Paris. Westergaard, H. M. (1939). A Problen of Elasticity suggested by a Problem in Soil Nechanies: soft Material Reinforced ‘by Nuserous Strong Horizontal Sheets. sixtieth Anniversary Volume of 5. Tinoshenko, Contributions of Méchanics of Solids, MacMillan Pub. Co., New fork. FrBhiich, 0.x. (1934). Druckverteilung in Baugrande. (Distribution of Pressures in Solis) springer Verlag, Berlin. Poulos, H.G. and Davis E.. (1974). Elastic Solutions for ofl and Rock Mechanics. Sohn Wiley & Sons, New York. Mownark, NM. (2947). Influence charts for ‘Computation of Vertical Displacements Sn'Elastie Foundations. Univ. of 111 Eng. Expt. Stney Bull, No. 367. Padun, RE. (1948) Influence Values for Estimating Stresses in Elastic Foundations. Proc: 2nd. Int. Conf. Soils Meche. Bran. Enge; Vol. 3, pp 77-84. 738