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LA MOVIDA MADRILEA AND

POST-FRANCO CULTURAL
LIBERATION

By: Lauren Stark

As Seen in
Chus
Gutirrezs
Film, El
Calentito

DURING FRANCOS REGIME


C onservative, strict
regime
Supported by the
Catholic Church
Censorship
Prohibited
homosexuality, drugs,
birth control, art

P unished the liberals


from the Spanish
Civil War

AFTER FRANCOS DEATH


Period of transition
Instability
Would there be a
democracy?
Lack of identity
Madrid had no local
cultural traditions to look
back on, because the had
been tainted by
Franco (Stapell)

The end of restrictions

LA MOVIDA MADRILEA
A counter-cultural movement
Developed between 1975 and 1983, then taken up
by politicians
Represented an inclusive, participatory, optimistic,
and modern culture that could be used to distance
the capital from the Franco dictatorship (Stapell)
A way for madrileos to learn how to be modern and
Spanish at the same time (Fouce)

LA MOVIDA MADRILEA
Young people that broke
radically from
conservatism (Herrero
Martnez)
Focused in Madrid
Freedom of expression
Sexuality
Homosexuality
Drugs
Art and music

The movida had no ideology


but did have aesthetic and
freedom (Rico qtd. In Mar)

EL CALENTITO
2005
Las Siuxpunk band with singers Carmen and Leo
Sara
Daughter in a traditional, fascist family
Wants to rebel
Joins Las Siux

FREEDOM OF SEXUALIT Y
Homosexuality not illegal anymore
Antoniatransvestite
Carmenlesbian

Sex was not taboo

FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION
Art and music
Controversial, anti-religion, anti-fascist
Punk--video of Bailamos Fatal
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MFWaWge9f24

Bailamos Fatal
We have gone to classes and choirWe went to a school for
guitar and to some nuns that taught us to singBut we will
never stop. We dance awfully. We sing worse than bad. But in
the end it doesnt matter.

FREEDOM FOR YOUNG PEOPLE


Older generation still held their sides of the Spanish Civil War
Will not forgive

In general:
Older generation was conservative
Younger generation was liberal, ready for democracy
War within families
Video of moms trick

Young people ready to forgive and move on

INSTABILIT Y
23-F: The last threat to democracy
El Calentito shows the days leading up to and the day of the
coup
We see it through Saras eyes
Clipof hearing it on the radio

TAKE-AWAYS FROM LA MOVIDA


Some say it is just a blip
lvarez del Manzano, Madrid mayor in 1991: It was something
etherealleaving not a single trace behind.

HOWEVER :
The movida was broadly political in that it played an

essential part in the formation of the capitals new


democratic regional identity (Stapell)
Joined the rest of the world with its turn from
conservatism

TAKE-AWAYS FROM LA MOVIDA


Almodvar
It was about participation and movementthus the term
movida (Stapell 108)
It was a momentum of democratic culture to lead Spain
into a democratic government todo vale
everythings OK

WORKS CITED
Fouce, Hctor. "De La Agitacin a La Movida: Polticas
Culturales Y Msica Popular En La Transicin Espaola."
Arizona Journal of Hispanic Cultural Studies 13 (2009):
143-53. JSTOR. Web. 01 Apr. 2014.
Herrero Martnez, Carlos. "La Espaa Democrtica: Del 23-F Al
11-M." Civilizacin Y Cultura Espaola. Instituto Universitario
B. Franklin., Alcal De Henares. 2 Dec. 2013. Lecture.
Mar, Jorge. "La Movida Como Debate." Arizona Journal of
Hispanic Cultural Studies 13 (2009): 127-41. JSTOR. Web. 01
Apr. 2014.
Stapell, Hamilton M. Remaking Madrid: Culture, Politics, and
Identity Af ter Franco. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2010.
Print.