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Structured to meet one task subjects English


Lecturer of: Bapak.Ahmad Ridho Rojabi

compiled by :
Yusi andriyanti
140810301066

Program Studi Ilmu Akuntansi


Fakultas Ekonomi
Universitas Negeri Jember
2014

INTRODUCTION
Thank God we pray to the presence of Almighty God for grace , taufiq , and His guidance that no
measurable magnitude , so that we can complete the preparation of the paper " Form 16 tenses " for
Class .
This paper is structured to fulfill the task and hope this paper can be useful in order to add insight ,
knowledge , has the basic ability of logical and critical , curiosity , solve problems , and improve
skills in vocabulary and manner of writing English .
We realize that this paper is not perfect , although we have tried to arrange them as best as possible .
Therefore , criticism and input from the users of this paper is our hope for the improvement of this
paper . Do not forget we thank profusely to friends , faculty , and other resources that have helped
the realization of this paper .
Finally, we hope that this paper can be helpful . Success for us all . Amen .

Jember , 14 September 2014

Composer

Daftar Isi
Kata Pengantar........................................................................................................ i
Daftar Isi ....................................................................................................................... ii
CHAPTER I PENDAHULUAN ................................................................................ 1
1.1. Latar Belakang.........................................................................................................1
1.2. indentifikasi Masalah ...............................................................................................2
1.3. Tujuan Penulisan.......................................................................................................2
CHAPTER II PEMBAHASAN .....................................................................................3
2.1. Simple Present Tense ...............................................................................................3
Present Continuous Tense .............................................................................................. 4
2.3. Present Perfect Tense .............................................................................................. 5
2.4. Present Perfect Continuous Tense .......................................................................... 6
2.5. Simple Past Tense ................................................................................................... 7
2.6. Past Continuous Tense ........................................................................................... 8
2.7. Past Perfect Tense .................................................................................................. 9
2.8. Past Perfect Continuous Tense .............................................................................. 10
2.9. Simple Future Tense .............................................................................................. 11
2.10. Future Continuous Tense ..................................................................................... 12
2.11. Future Perfect Tense ............................................................................................ 13
2.12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense .........................................................................14
2.13. Past Future Tense .................................................................................................15
2.14. Past Future Continuous Tense ............................................................................ 16
2.15. Past Future Perfect Tense ....................................................................................17
2.16. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense ............................................................... 18
CHAPTER III PENUTUP ........................................................................................ 19
3.1. Kesimpulan ........................................................................................................... 20
3.2. Saran ..................................................................................................................... 21
Daftar Pustaka .............................................................................................................22

ii

CHAPTER I
INTRODUCTION
1.1 Rear Latar
Language is a typical symbol of a country or region , because language is a vital
element in communicating or as the main communication style . In interactions ,
social relationships with others in the community . Language is very diverse in the
world , because every language negarapunya each different from one another , even
language can distinguish between one country to country .
English is the International Language . By mastering English well , then we will be
able to communicate with other nations in this world . In addition , we will be able to
add insight and knowledge for the betterment of our nation and our country , because
we will be able to read English literature , listening to radio broadcasts abroad , as
well as watching movies other science . Thus , in the end we can master the
knowledge - knowledge in all fields .
In addition to increasing understanding about the international language , the English
language is studied at least will be easier for us to get a decent job , or for the
provision of our knowledge in the future . By understanding and mastering the
International Language properly would provide excellent benefits for us all .
Therefore , it is necessary to first understand that there are grammatical in English. In
addition to facilitate pronunciation , we will also understand how to arrange the word
to be pronounced so that it becomes a coherent sentence and correct according to his
tenses .
1.2 Problem Identification
Biased on the background above, the authors formulate the problem as follows :
1 Definition of tenses ?
2 How many tenses in English ?
3 How the formulas and examples tenses ?
1.3 Purpose
Identification of the above problem , the purpose of this paper to describe or explain
that these points , as well as help explain the procedures for the use of words and
writing words that correspond to the time and conditions of the occurrence of an
event in the English writing of the paper .

CHAPTER II
DISCUSSION
Tenses in English means the time ( time ) . The word means the verb tenses or set of
words used to express the relationship of time . In grammar , tenses are the categories
that puts the situation in time , to indicate when the situation takes place .
Indonesian basic word order similar to English . Generally , a sentence begins with
the subject , followed by a verb ( also called predicates ) , and then the object .
Indicate the past tense or future only need to enter the words that shows the time , in a
very organized system .
2.1 Simple Present Tense
Tense used to express an action or activity that takes place / happening at the current
time in a simple form , activity or work performed repeatedly, daily habits , events or
actions that have nothing to do with time , and to express a general truth .
Simple Present Tense use this type of " TO BE 1 " and " VERB 1 "
TO BE 1 terdiri dari: am, is, are.

Am

You

You
They

They

Are

We

We

He

He

She

She

Is

Do / Don't

Does / Doesn't

It

It

DO and DOES use the interrogative sentence .


DO NOT ( DO NOT ) and DOES NOT ( DOES NOT ) used in negative sentences .
TO BE 1 ( am , is , are ) used when a sentence no verb element ( NON VERB )

Formulas and example sentences Simple Present Tense


Expressing Simple Present Tense sentence that uses the verb ( VERB )
+

Subject + Verb 1 + Object

Subject + DON'T / DOESN'T + Verb 1 + Object

DO / DOES + Subject + Verb 1 + Object?

Expressing Simple Present Tense sentence that does not use the verb ( NON
VERB )

Subject + To be 1 + Non Verb + Object

Subject + To be 1 + NOT + Non Verb + Object

To be 1 + Subject + Non Verb + Object?

Contoh :
1.

2.

3.

(+)

: She is a teacher

(-)

: She is not a teacher

(?)

: are She a teacher ?

(+)

: He reads the newspaper everyday

(-)

:He doesnt read the newspaper everyday

(?)

: Does He read the newspaper everyday ?

(+)

: After Sunday is Monday

(-)

: After Sunday isnt Monday

(?)

: Is Monday the day after Sunday ?

Only in positive sentences , for the subject " He , She , It " , the use of the verb (
VERB ) must end with " s / es . " The addition of " s / es " at the base verb (
inifinitive ) are as follows :
In general, the verb is directly coupled with the suffix " s" , for example :
Work - Works
Write - Writes
verb that ends in the letters " ch , o , s , sh , x " plus the suffix " -es " , for example :
Teach - Teaches
Go - Goes
verb that ends with the letter " y " and begins with a consonant , the suffix " y " was
changed to " i" and then added " -es " , for example :
Study - Studies
Cry - Cries
verb ending with the letter " y " that begins with a vowel , simply coupled with the
suffix " s" only, for example :
Buy - Buys
Play - Plays
If the verb begins with the letter auxiliary verb (Modal Auxiliaries ) , then do not get
the extra " s / es " , for example :
He Will work
Can she open

2.2 . Present Continuous Tense


Present Continuous Tense Present Progressive Tense is also called is a form used to
express an action , state or event that is happening at the time discussed .
On the use of the Present Continuous Tense verb used must end with ing / ( Verb +
ing ) .
Present Continuous Tense form of time using this type of " TO BE 1 " .
The usefulness of this is the time Forms :
To express ongoing actions
To express actions that will come
Formulas and example sentences Present Continuous Tense
+

Subject + To be 1 + (Verb + ing) + Object

Subject + To be 1 + NOT + (Verb + ing) + Object

To be 1 + Subject + (Verb + ing) + Object ?

Example:
1.

(+)

: We are studying English now

(-)

: We arent studying English now

(?)

: Are We studying English now ?

2. (+) : They are going to Bandung two weeks again


(?) : Are hey going to Bandung two weeks again ?
(-)

: They are not going to Bandung two weeks again

3. (+) : She is cooking in the kitchen


(-)

: She is not cooking in the kitchen

(?)

: Is She cooking in the kitchen

There is a group of words yan should not be formed into the Present Continuous
, namely :
verb to express feelings , such as :
Like , want
verbs related to the senses , such as :
Feel , hear
verb to express thoughts or opinions , such as :
Believe , forget
How to Add infinitive with ing
If the infinitive ( Verb i) one or more monosyllabic ending consonants , and
preceded by a vowel , the last letter is doubled and added ing , such as :
Cut Cutting
Begin - The Beginning
If the infinitive ends with the letter l which preceded a vowel , then the new
duplicated plus l ing , such as :
Control - Controlling
If the infinitive ends in the vowel e is preceded by a consonant , then e is removed ,
then added ing , such as :
Come Coming
If the infinitive ends in the vowel e is preceded vowels i , ie it is converted first into a
new y plus ing , such as :
Die - Dying

2.3. Present Perfect Tense


Present Perfect Tense is the tense used to express an action , state or event that
occurred in the past . And at the time of speaking activities / actions have been
completed.
Present Perfect Tense using
"TO BE 3" and "VERB 3"
TO BE 3 adalah: been.
You

I
You

They

They

We

We

He

He
She

She

Been

Have

Has

It

It
TO BE 3 (been) digunakan ketika suatu kalimat tidak ada unsur kata kerja (NON VERB).
Untuk semua jenis kalimat, baik positif, negatif, atau kalimat tanya pada Present Perfect Tense
menggunakan VERB 3.

Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Present Perfect Tense

Mengekspresikan kalimat Present Perfect Tense yang menggunakan kata kerja (VERB)
+

Subject + Have/Has + Verb 3 + Object

Subject + Have/Has + NOT + Verb 3 + Object

Have/Has + Subject + Verb 3 + Object?

Mengekspresikan kalimat Present Perfect Tense yang tidak menggunakan kata kerja
(Non VERB)
+

Subject + Have/Has + To be 3 + Non Verb + Object

Subject + (Have/Has + NOT) + To be 3 + Non Verb + Object

Have/Has + Subject + To be 3 + Non Verb + Object?

Exsemple:
1.

2.

3.

(+)

: Ringgo Has lived here for ten years

(-)

: Ringgo Has not lived here for ten years

( ?)

: Has Ringgo lived here for ten years ?

(+)

: She has been here since yesterday

( -)

: She has not been here since yesterday

(? )

: Has She been here since yesterday ?

(+)

: They have heard the problem before

(- )

: They have not heard the problem before

(?)

: Have they heard the problem before ?

The usefulness of this form is :


1.Declare an activity that just happens to result or consequence of the action can still
be seen up to now discussed .
2.To declare an activity that has been completed at a particular time in the past the
not , but the time of the incident were not overlooked . The most important thing is
the result of his actions now .
3.Declare an activity that has occurred but the events of the time is not yet finished .
4.Declare a specific test activities were not before now .
5. Declare an activity that has occurred in the past and is still happening in the present
and future .
6.shows an activity that is completed in a short time .

2.4 . Present Perfect Continuous Tense


Present Perfect Continuous Tense or Present Perfect Progressive Tense is the tense
used to express an event or action that began in the past and continues to this day or
an event or action that begins in the past and has just finished at the time of speaking.
Present Perfect Continuous Tense use this type of " TO BE 3 " ( been ) .
I
I

You

You
They
We
He

They
Have

She

Has

We
been

He
She
It

It

For all types of sentences, whether positive, negative, or interrogative sentence in the Present
Perfect

Continuous

Tense

use

TO

BE

(been)

followed

Formulas and Example Sentence Present Perfect Continuous Tense


+

Subject + Have/Has + been + (Verb + ING) + Object

Subject + Have/Has + NOT + been + (Verb + ING) + Object

Have/Has + Subject + been + (Verb + ING) + Object?

Contoh :
1.

(+):He has been swimming in pool for this day


(-): He has not been swimming in pool for this day
(?): Has He been swimming in pool for this day ?

2. (+): They have been waiting for their mentor since seven oclock
(-): They have not been waiting for their mentor since seven oclock
(?): Have They been waiting for their mentor since seven oclock ?

3. (+): She has been studying at this school this year


(-): She has not been studying this school this year
(?): Has She been studying this school this year ?

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by

VERB

ING.

2.5.

Simple Past Tense


Simple Past Tense adalah bentuk waktu yang digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan atau

kegiatan yang terjadi dimasa lampau dan waktu terjadinya persitiwa itu telah diketahui.
Simple Past Tense menggunakan jenis "TO BE 2" and "VERB 2"
TO BE 2 terdiri dari: was & were
I

He

You
Was

She

They

It

We

You

He

We
They

Were

Did / Didn't

She
It

DID is used in a sentence to ask.


DID NOT (DID NOT) used in negative sentences.
TO BE 2 (Was & Were) is used when there is no element of a sentence verb (NON verb)
2 verb used only in positive sentences only.

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Formulas

and

Example

Sentence

Simple

Past

Expressing Simple Past Tense sentence that uses the verb (VERB)
+

Subject + Verb 2 + Object

Subject + DID NOT (DIDN'T) + Verb 1 + Object

DID + Subject + Verb 1 + Object ?

Expressing Simple Past Tense sentence that does not use the verb (Non VERB)
+

Subject + To be 2 + Non Verb + Object

Subject + To be 2 + NOT + Non Verb + Object

To be 2 + Subject + Non Verb + Object?

Contoh

1.

: Wiwin went to Gorontalo two months ago

(+)

(-) : Wiwin did not go to Gorontalo two months ago


(?) : Did Wiwin go to Gorontalo two months ago ?
2.

(+)

: She finished her homework in the library yesterday

(-) : She did not finish her homework in the library yesterday
(?) : Did She finish her homework in the library yesterday ?
3.

(+)

: Randi was a singer last year

(-) : Randi was not singer last year


(?) : was Randi a singer last year ?

Tense

13
2.6. Past Continuous Tense
Past Continuous Tense, or Past Progressive Tense is the tense that is used to indicate that the two
events occur at the same time, but the incident occurred earlier and was still in progress when the
second incident occurred.
On the use of Past Continuous Tense verb used must end with ing / (Verb + ing). Past Continuous
Tense form of time using this type of "TO BE 2" (was / were).

Was to subject: I, she, he, it.


Were to the subject: you, they, we.

Formulas and Examples of Past Continuous tenses


+

Subject + To be 2 + (Verb + ing) + Object

Subject + To be 2 + NOT + (Verb + ing) + Object

To be 2 + Subject + (Verb + ing( + Object ?

Contoh
1.

(+): Berid was walking down the street when it began to rain.
(-): Berid was not walking the street when it began to rain
(?) : Was Berid walking the street when it began to rain ?

2.

(+): It was raining when Diana went to the market last night
(-): It was not raining when Diana went to the market last night.
(?): Was it raining when Diana went to the market last night ?

3.

(+): Amel was sleeping all day yesterday when Ardy called him
(-): Amel was not sleeping all day yesterday when Ardy called him
(?): Was Amel sleeping all day yesterday when Ardhy called him ?

14

2.7. Past Perfect Tense


Past Perfect Tense is the tense used to indicate actions or events that began or occurred in
the

past

and

continue

to

take

place

finishes

in

the

past

or

the

next.

Past Perfect Tense also serves as a substitute for the Simple Past Tense when used to refer to
or indicate past events or actions that occur within a specified period.
I

You

You

They

They

We

We
Been

He

Had

He

She

She

It

It
Perfect Tense menggunakan jenis "TO BE 3" and "VERB 3

TO BE 3 adalah: been
TO BE 3 (been) digunakan ketika suatu kalimat tidak ada unsur kata kerja (NON VERB).
Untuk semua jenis kalimat, baik positif, negatif, atau kalimat tanya pada Present Perfect Tense
menggunakan VERB 3.
Rumus dan Contoh Kalimat Past Perfect Tense

Mengekspresikan kalimat Past Perfect Tense yang menggunakan kata kerja (VERB)
+

Subject + Had + Verb 3 + Object

Subject + Had + NOT + Verb 3 + Object

Had + Subject + Verb 3 + Object?

Mengekspresikan kalimat Present Perfect Tense yang tidak menggunakan kata kerja (Non
VERB)
+

Subject + Had + To be 3 + Non Verb + Object

Subject + (Had + NOT) + To be 3 + Non Verb + Object

Had + Subject + To be 3 + Non Verb + Object?

15

Contoh

1. (+): His Wife had already eaten by the time I got home
(-): His wife had not already eaten by the time I got home
(?): Had his wife already eaten by the time i got home ?

2. (+): When you arrived , I had written the letter


(-): When you arrived, I had not written the letter
(?): Had I written the letter when you arrived ?

3. (+): They had been here


(-):They had not been here
(?): Had They been here ?

16

2.8.Past Perfect Continuous Tense


Past Perfect Continuous Tense, or Past Perfect Progressive Tense is the tense used to express an
event or action that has been going on for some time when there are events or other actions in the
past. Events which occurred or took place first expressed in the form of the Past Perfect Continuous
Tense, whereas subsequent events that occurred (event) expressed in the form of the Simple Past
Tense.
I

You

You
Had

They

They

We

We

He

He

She
It

She
It

17

been

2.9 Simple Future Tense


This tense is used to explain or describe an incident or event at a time when that will come.
There are two words that are required to help us use the simple future tense: 1 'will' and 2 'shall'
This type of sentence was divided into two, of which:
SENTENCE VERBAL
a. No plans or Declare Previous actions / events that will be conducted in the future (at that time).
example:
-Hold On. I'll get a pen.
(wait a minute, I'll take a pen)
-wait. I'll bring an umbrella.
(wait, I will bring an umbrella)
b. Prediction (estimate).
example:
-It will rain tomorrow. I'll be stay at home.
(tomorrow will rain. I'll stay at home)
-I Will go to school tomorrow.
(I'll go to school tomorrow)

NON-VERBAL SENTENCE
When the predicate of a sentence is not a verb, then use the 'be' verb to replace it.
example:
I'll be in London tomorrow.
(I'll be in London tomorrow)
Note:
When we have a plan or desire to perform an activity in the future, then use be going to or Present
Continuous Tense to replace will / shall.
Example sentence:
I am going to go to Paris next week.
You are going to marry her next Friday.
She will see my mother at hospital tomorrow.
Simple Future Tense always uses the first verb (verb 1) for each sentence, and has a certain time
signal, such as:
-tomorrow
-next ...... .. (days, weeks, months, years) etc.
-soon (as soon as possible)
-on ...... .. (Monday, Tuesday) etc.

18

2:10 Future Continuous Tense


The formula:
subject + WILL + BE + Verb + ing
When do we use the Future Continuous Tense?
This tense describes an action that will occur at a specific time in the future.
example:
He will be teaching me at eight tomorrow
(he would teach me was at eight o'clock tomorrow)

2:11 Future Perfect Tense


The formula:
WILL + HAVE + subject + Verb Forms to 3
When Do We Use the Future Perfect Tense?
This tense we use to describe an activity that will occur in the future before the other activities
going on.
example:
They will have tired when they arrive.
(they would have been tired when they come)
2:12 Future Perfect Continuous Tense
The formula:
Subject + WILL + HAVE + BEEN + Verb + ing I
Whenever we use the Future Perfect Continuous Tense?
We use this tense to talk about an action / activity long before some moment in the future
example: I'll have been tired when he arrives. He will have been traveling for 24 hours.
(I will be tired when he arrived. He will make a long journey for 24 hours)
2:13 Pst Future Tense
To declare an act / event that will occur in the past the
The formula:
+ subject + WOULD BE + Verb Form I (verb 1).
example:She would be at school tomorrow.
(He's going to school tomorrow)

19

2:14 Future Past Continuous Tense


To declare an act that is occurring.
The formula:
+ subject + WOULD BE + Verb (verb 1) + ing.
example:
We would be having dinner at home yesterday.
(we will be having dinner at home yesterday)
2:15 Future Past Perfect Tense
to declare an event that will prbuatan or is occurring
The formula:
subject + WOULD + HAVE / HAS + be + Verb Forms to 3
example:
she would have be finished to Studied if she had not been lazy
(he would have graduated if he does not learn lazily)
2:16 Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense
To declare an action / event will be taking place in the past
The formula:
Subject + WOULD + HAVE + BEEN + Verb + ing I
example:
We would have been waiting long.
(we're going to have to wait a long time)
I would have been crying all the time.
(I would've been crying all the time)

20

CHAPTER III
CLOSING
3.1 Conclusion
Tense general formula is as follows:
No tenses formula
1.Present Simple Tense S + V1.
2 Present Continuous Tense S + to be (is, am, are) + V-ing.
3 Present Perfect Tense S + have / has + V3.
4 Present Perfect Continuous Tense S + have / has + been + V-ing.
5. Simple Past Tense S + V2.
6 Past Continuous Tense S + was / were + V-ing.
7 Past Perfect Tense S + had + V3.
8 Past Perfect Continuous Tense S + had + been + V-ing.
9 Simple Future Tense S + will + V1.
10 Future Continuous Tense S + will + be + V-ing.
11. Future Perfect Tense S + will + have + V3.
12. Future Perfect Continuous Tense S + will + have + been + V-ing.
13. Past Simple Future Tense S + would + V1.
14. Past Future Continuous Tense S + would + be + V-ing.
15. Past Perfect Future Tense S + would + have + V3.
16. Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense S + would + have + been + V-ing.

3.2 Advice
The material on English grammatical papers still need to be completed, there are still many
shortcomings in it due to the limitations that are owned by the authors. To the subject
teachers concerned and all those who read this paper, in order to provide input so that this
paper can be more useful and easy to understand.

21

Daftar pustaka
1. http://wongzo.blogspot.com/2012/10/16-tenses-bahasa-inggris-beserta-rumus.html.
2. http://arjaenim.blogspot.com/2012/11/makalah-bhs-inggris-past-perfect-tense.html.
3. http://blogbintang.com/contoh-kesimpulan-dan-saran-makalah.
4. http://blogkita666.blogspot.com/search?q=english+day.
5. Santi, Inez. 2009. ENGLISH FOR TEEN 2. Yogyakarta: C.V ANDI OFFSET.
6. Hadianti, Afiyah. 2013.

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