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# INGENIERIA CIVIL

## 1. Determinar las reacciones, los momentos de la viga mostrada si Fc=210

Kg/cm2
2 KN

2 KN

6 KN/M

4 KN/M

0.3 m

0.4 m

Si

E = 15000 * Fc

SOLUCION
Calculo de momentos de empotramiento perfecto y esfuerzos de corte por

BARRA 1

BARRA 3

N12=
V12=
M12=
N21=
V21=
M21=

0
2
0.333
0
2
-0.33

KN

N34=
V34=
M34=
N43=
V43=
M43=

0
2
1.5
0
2
-1.5

KN

BARRA 2

KN
KN-M
KN
KN
KN-M

BARRA 4

KN
KN-M
KN
KN
KN-M

N23=
V23=
M23=
N32=
V32=
M32=

0
8
5.333
0
8
-5.33

KN

N45=
V45=
M45=
N54=
V54=
M54=

0
2.7
1.8
0
6.3
-2.7

KN

KN
KN-M
KN
KN
KN-M

KN
KN-M
KN
KN
KN-M

N1=
V1=
M1=
N2=
V2=
M2=
N3=
V3=
M3=
N4=
V4=
M4=
N5=
V5=
M5=

0
2
0.333
0
10
5
0
10
-3.83
0
4.7
0.3
0
6.3
-2.7

KN
KN

E = 15000 * Fc

KN-M
KN
KN
KN-M

E=
E=
E=

KG/CM2
22.16 KN/CM2
221581 KN/M2
217371

KN
KN
KN-M
KN
KN
KN-M
KN
KN
KN-M

Pgina 1

INGENIERIA CIVIL

BARRA

A m2

AE/L

12EI/L^3 6EI/L^2

4EI/L

2EI/L

0.12

0.0016

221581

0.12

0.0016

221581

0.12

0.0016

221581

0.12

0.0016

221581

Pgina 2

INGENIERIA CIVIL

U1X

U1Y

R1

U2X

U2Y

R2

26589.7

-26590

U1X

4254.35 2127.17

## -4254.3 2127.17 U1Y

2127.17 1418.12

-2127.2 709.058 R1

K1 =
-26590

26589.7

U2X

-4254.3 -2127.2

## 4254.35 -2127.2 U2Y

2127.17 709.058

-2127.2 1418.12 R2

U2X

U2Y

R2

U3X

U3Y

R3

6647.42

-6647.4

U2X

66.4742 132.948

## -66.474 132.948 U2Y

132.948 354.529

-132.95 177.265 R2

K2 =
-6647.4

6647.42

U3X

-66.474 -132.95

## 66.4742 -132.95 U3Y

132.948 177.265

-132.95 354.529 R3

U3X

U3Y

R3

U4X

U4Y

R4

6647.42

-6647.4

U3X

66.4742 132.948

## -66.474 132.948 U3Y

132.948 354.529

-132.95 177.265 R3

K3 =
-6647.4

6647.42

U4X

-66.474 -132.95

## 66.4742 -132.95 U4Y

132.948 177.265

-132.95 354.529 R4

U4X

U4Y

R4

U5X

U5Y

R5

8863.23

-8863.2

U4X

157.568 236.353

## -157.57 236.353 U4Y

236.353 472.705

-236.35 236.353 R4

K4 =
-8863.2

8863.23

U5X

-157.57 -236.35

## 157.568 -236.35 U5Y

236.353 236.353

-236.35 472.705 R5

U1X

U1Y

R1

U2X

U2Y

R2

U3X

U3Y

R3

U4X

U4Y

R4

U5X

U5Y

26589.7

-26590

U1X

4254.35 2127.17

-4254.3 2127.17

U1Y

2127.17 1418.12

-2127.2 709.058

R1

-6647.4

U2X
U2Y

-26590

KT=

R5

33237.1

-4254.3 -2127.2

4320.82 -1994.2

-66.474 132.948

2127.17 709.058

-1994.2 1772.65

-132.95 177.265

R2

-6647.4

U3X
U3Y

-6647.4

13294.8

-66.474 -132.95

132.948

-66.474 132.948

132.948 177.265

709.058

-132.95 177.265

R3

-6647.4

15510.6

-8863.2

U4X

-66.474 -132.95

224.043 103.404

-157.57 236.353

132.948 177.265

103.404 827.235

-236.35 236.353

-8863.2

-157.57 -236.35

157.568 -236.35

U5Y

236.353 236.353

-236.35 472.705

R5

8863.23

Pgina 3

U4Y
R4
U5X

INGENIERIA CIVIL

## Reduccin de la matriz de rigidez del sistema segn restricciones y grados de

K=

U1Y

R1

4254
2127
2127
0
0

2127
1418
709.1
0
0

R2

R3

R4

2127
0
0
709.1
0
0
1773 177.3
0
177.3 709.1 177.3
0
177.3 827.2

U1Y
R1
R2
R3
R4

Con la matriz reducida se calculara los desplazamientos y giros en cada nudo con
la aplicacin de la ecuacin fundamental del mtodo matricial.

## Del cual se tiene.

-2
-0.3333
-5

3.8333
-0.3

4254
2127
2127
0
0

2127
1418
709.1
0
0

2127
0
0
709.1
0
0
1773 177.3
0
177.3 709.1 177.3
0
177.3 827.2

4254
2127
2127
0
0

2127
1418
709.1
0
0

2127
0
0
709.1
0
0
1773 177.3
0
177.3 709.1 177.3
0
177.3 827.2

U1Y
R1
R2

R3
R4

-1
U1Y
R1
R2

R3
R4

R4

0.004
-0
-0
9E-04
-0
-0
0.006 0.003
-0
2E-04
-0
0.003 0.003
-0
2E-04
9E-04
-0
-0
0.002
-0
-0
2E-04 2E-04
-0
0.001

U1Y

0.01277

R1

-0.0123

U1Y
R1
R2

R3

R2

-0.014

R3

0.00955

R4

-0.0024

-2
-0.3333
-5

3.8333
-0.3

-2
-0.3333
-5

3.8333
-0.3

m

Pgina 4

INGENIERIA CIVIL

Ni
Vi
Mi

Ki

Uix
Uiy
Ri

Fix
Fiy
Miy

Barra 1
N1
V1
M1
N2
V2
M2
N1
V1
M1
N2
V2
M2

26589.7

4254.35 2127.17

2127.17 1418.12

-26590

-4254.3 2127.17

-2127.2 709.058

=
-26590

26589.7

0
0.013
-0.01
0

-4254.3 -2127.2

4254.35 -2127.2

2127.17 709.058

0
-2
-0.33
0
2
-1.67

0
2
0.333
0
2
-0.33

N1
V1
M1
N2
V2
M2

0
7E-15
5E-16
0
4
-2

0
2
0.333
0
2
-0.33

KN

KN

7E-15

KN-M

5E-16

KN

KN

-4

KN-M

Barra 2
N2
V2
M2
N3
V3
M3
N2
V2
M2
N3
V3
M3

6647.42

-6647.4

66.4742 132.948

-66.474 132.948

132.948 354.529

8
5.3333

+
-6647.4

6647.42

-66.474 -132.95

66.4742 -132.95

132.948 177.265

0
-0.61
-3.33
0
0.615
0.874

0
8
5.333
0
8
-5.33

N2
V2
M2
N3
V3
M3

0
7.385
2
0
8.615
-4.46

8
-5.3333

KN

KN

7.38506

KN-M

KN

KN

-8.6149

KN-M

4.45976

Pgina 5

INGENIERIA CIVIL

Barra 3
N3
V3
M3
N4
V4
M4
N3
V3
M3
N4
V4
M4

6647.42

-6647.4

66.4742 132.948

-66.474 132.948

132.948 354.529

2
1.5

+
-6647.4

6647.42

-66.474 -132.95

66.4742 -132.95

132.948 177.265

0
0.95
2.96
0
-0.95
0.839

0
2
1.5
0
2
-1.5

N3
V3
M3
N4
V4
M4

0.00

2
-1.5

0
KN
2.95
KN
4.46 KN-M
0
KN
1.05
KN
-0.66 KN-M

0.0000
2.9497
4.4598
0.0000
-1.0503
0.6609

Barra 4
N4
V4
M4
N5
V5
M5
N4
V4
M4
N5
V5
M5

8863.23

-8863.2

2.7

157.568 236.353

-157.57 236.353

236.353 472.705

=
-8863.2

1.8

+
0

-157.57 -236.35

157.568 -236.35

0.00

6.3

236.353 236.353

-236.35 472.705

-2.7

0
-0.57
-1.14
0
0.57
-0.57

0
2.7
1.8
0
6.3
-2.7

8863.23

N4
V4
M4
N5
V5
M5

0
KN
2.13
KN
0.661 KN-M
0
KN
6.87
KN
-3.27 KN-M

0.0000
2.1304
0.6609
0.0000
-6.8696
3.2696

Pgina 6

INGENIERIA CIVIL

## METODO MATRICIAL DE ESTRUCTURAS

Diagramas de esfuerzos.
MODELO MATEMATICO

DIAGRAMAS DE CORTANTES

DIAGRAMAS DE MOMENTOS

Pgina 7