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October 14, 2014


A Learning Disability

What is Down Syndrome? Some may have heard

about it and others may not have. Down
syndrome is a genetic disorder where there is
extra genetic material in chromosome 21. There
are three pairs of chromosome 21 instead of two.
This disorder is referred to as Trisomy 21. This
can occur at any age for women but the older a
woman becomes the higher the risks. By the
age of 30, there is 1 in 1000 chance that women
will have a child with Down syndrome. By the
age of 35, the odds of having a child with Down
syndrome is 1 in 400 and by the age of 40, 1 in
40. There are different severities of Down
syndrome, some are fairly functional, some are
not and others are not functional. There are three
genetic disorders that cause DS: Trisomy 21 (the
most common), Mosaic Down syndrome, and
Translocation Down syndrome. Children that
have Down syndrome can and do go to school
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and learn. Some students are in regular classes

and others are in a special school like Ida Sue
School in Wooster, OH. As you can see to the
left, there are students working in class learning
and later seeing a student graduate school and
lead productive lives. What an
accomplishment.productive lives. What
an accomplishment.

October 14, 2014


Here is the process that I used to search for
websites on the learning disability of Down
syndrome that I felt were credible. I first typed in
Down syndrome and came up with many results. I
scrolled down through some of the websites to see
which ones I wanted to use. I found some but later
I narrowed my search down by using advance
searches like Down syndrome and teaching, Down

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syndrome and history, Down syndrome and

teaching strategies and parent teaching strategies
and others. I found different websites that were
credible. There were some .com websites that I
bypassed. The .org websites seemed to be plentiful
and some .gov were very useful.
To ensure the websites are credible, I
evaluated the websites by using the C.R.A.A.P test.

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The five areas of concentration are currency,

relevance, authority, accuracy, and purpose. The
first website that I considered credible was the The first area I looked at was how
current was the information I was viewing. The last
updated information was in July 13, 2013. This
information I felt was current because Down
syndrome causes never change. They are the same
today as they were fifty years ago. I also checked
some links from the website and they were
functional. The next area was relevance. The
information published was appropriate for parents,

Delete box or place

special news here,
such as call-out text.
Consider including customer
testimonials or information
about awards youve won.

October 14, 2014


teachers, and the community to understand. The authority is the Mayo Clinic. They have many doctors
there who also review the information published. The information was accurate and relevant to Down
syndrome and very easy to understand. The information published was to be informative to the
community and others.
The second website used was The last review date on this was February 2012 by
Mary Gaven MD and Charles Scott MD. The information was current and relevant. The information was
easy to understand and there were links from the doctors names and provides information about them.
This website goes through an 18 step review by doctors to make sure all information is correct. The
purpose is to be educational to parents, kids, community and others.
The third website I found is The last review date for this site was August 7, 2014. The
information is relevant and there were people that researched and are on committees for the government.
The accuracy of this information is accurate since it is a governmental website. This website was to
inform and educate about the risks and causes of Down syndrome.
The fourth website I used was The last review date was May 8, 2014. The
information was relevant and useful to help teachers that have Down syndrome children in their
classroom. On the reference page of this document, there were many people that contributed to this
article. Being a document from the government, this also lends authority to the information. The
information was to help teachers work with Down syndrome children in the classroom.
The last website I found was This too is a government website. This website
was reviewed on May 2012 and update on August 13, 2014. The information is relevant and accurate
concerning Down syndrome. The information was easy to understand and follow. The purpose of this
website is to inform and educate the community and others about Down syndrome.
One strength in using the internet for research is that the information can be very current versus
using a text book. A textbook can go out of date fairly quickly. Another strength is there are many
articles that have a credible source. The people that write some of the articles can be doctors and people
that have done research and studies on this illness. Some weaknesses are some sites do not have an
author or you cannot trust the information that is put on the website because of the type of site it is.
Another weakness is that anybody can write anything on the web and post it and that person can claim
that he/she is an expert in a particular subject.

October 14, 2014


Better Health Channel (2014). Down syndrome. Retrieved from
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2014, August). Facts about Down syndrome. Retrieved from
Down syndrome education international (2014). A reading and language intervention for children with Down
syndrome. Retrieved from
KidsHealth (2014). Down syndrome. Retrieved from
Mayo Clinic (2014). Diseases and conditions: Down syndrome. Retrieved from
Smith, D.D. and Tyler, N.C. (1992). Intellectual Disabilities or Mental Retardation. In J.W.Johnston
(Ed.), Introduction to Special Education Making a Difference (262-295). UpperSaddle River, NJ. Pearson

All pictures used were Creative Commons except for the chart on types of Down syndrome. The chart came
from the Mayo Clinic website as sited above.







Trisomy 21