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AÃmlp

tUm. Fw Dkvam≥

Z {Sq¯v
skâÀ t^mÀ Unssh³ FUyq- t ¡- j ³
aÀI- k p- ± Av h , BÀ Fw tdmUv tImgn- t ¡m- S v þ 2
A√mlp A√mlp

{]km- [ I Ipdn¸v
`qan, kqcy≥, N{μ≥, CXc tKmf-߃, Ch-bpƒs°m-≈p∂
ku-c-bqYw! \nc-h[n kuc-bq-Y-߃ thsdbpw! {]]-©-Øns‚
Cu hyh-ÿm-]nX `mhw, CXn\p ]nd-Inse Hcp {kjvSm-hn-te°pw
\nb-¥m-hn-te°pw hnc¬Nq-≠p∂p. {kjvSmhpw \nb-¥m-hp-amb
B i‡n- b s{X ssZhw. ChnsS \nc- h [n Poh- P m- e - ß - f p≠v .
]s£ hnti-j-_p-≤n-bp≈ h¿§w H∂p-am{Xw; a\p-jy≥! F¥p-
sIm≠v a\p- j y- \ p am{Xw ssZhw hnti- j - _ p≤n \ev I n. `uXn-
I- a mb \n¿h- N - \ - ß - s fm∂pw Xr]v X n- I - c - a √. a\p- j y- P o- h n- X -
Øns‚ e£y- s a¥v ? a\p- j y- s \- ß s\ Pohn- ° Ww? F¥mWv
[¿am-[¿a-߃? auen-I-amb Cu tNmZy-߃°v `uXnI {]Xy-
b-im-kv{X-߃t°m XXz-im-kv{X-߃t°m DØ-c-ß-fn√.
Cu tNmZy- ß ƒ°p≈ DØ- c - ß - f mWv ssZh- Z q- X - ∑ m- c n- e qsS
{]]© {kjvSm-hmb ssZhw thZ-{K-Ÿ-߃ hgn a\p-jy¿°mbn
\evIn-h-∂Xv. a\p-jysc t\¿]-Y-Øn¬ \bn-°m≥ \nc-h[n thZ-
{K-Ÿ-߃ ssZhw Ah-X-cn-∏n-®n-´p≠v. [mcmfw {]hm-N-I-∑msc
\ntbm- K n- ® n- ´ pap≠v . Ah- k m- \ sØ ssZh- Z q- X - \ s{X apl- Ω Zv
\_n. Ah-km-\sØ thZ-{K-Ÿ-amWv hnip-≤-Jp¿-B≥. ssZhw
ssZh- Ø ns‚ Z¿i- \ - Ø n\p \ev I nb t]cv Ckv e mw F∂s{X.
ka¿-∏-Ww, kam-[m\w, A\p-k-cWw Fs∂m-s°-bmWv Ckvemw
F∂ ]-Z-Øns‚ A¿Yw.
ssZhnI Z¿i-\-Øn-eqsS am{Xta bYm¿Y-tam£w ssIh-cn-
°m≥ km[n-°p-I-bp≈q F∂v ssZhw \sΩ Adn-bn®p. ssZhnI
ktμiw P\-ß-fn-te-s°-Øn-®p-sIm-Sp-°m-\p≈ Hsc-fnb kwcw-
`- a s{X Z {SqØv , kXym- t \z- j W cwKØv Cu IrXn Xm¶ƒ°v
klm-b-I-am-Ip-sa∂v {]Xo-£n-°p∂p.
Z {SqØv
3

A√mlp A√mlp

aÀlqw tUm. Fw Dkv a m³ AÃmlp


ae-∏pdw Pn√-bnse Aco-t°m´v aq¿°≥ aΩZv lmPn-bp- (G-I-ssZ-hw)
sSbpw Cºn- ® n- ^ m- Ø n- a - b p- s Sbpw aI- \ mbn 1924 ""em Ceml C√- √ mlv '' ˛"Hcp ssZh- h p- a n√ A√mlp
sk]v X w- _ ¿ 6\v P\\w. Aco- t °mSv Fen- s a‚dn A√msX' F∂ {]Jym-]-\-amWv Ckvem-ans‚ am‰-an-√mØ ASn-
kvIqƒ, Ipa-c-\-√q¿ sslkvIqƒ, at©cn sslkvIqƒ, ÿm\w. a\p-jym-cw`w apX¬ F√m {]hm-N-I-∑mcpw a\p-jy-tcmSv
ae-∏pdw apkvenw sslkvIqƒ, tImgn-t°mSv kmaq-Xncn DZvt_m-[\w sNbvXn-´p≈ G‰hpw al-Ømb hN-\-am-WnXv. F√m
tImfPv, a{Zmkv Ãm≥en saUn-°¬ tImtfPv F∂n- thZ-{K-Ÿ-ßfpw B alm XXzw, B A\-iz-c-kXyw a\p-jysc
hn- S - ß - f n¬ hnZym- ` ymkw. \ne- º q- c n¬ {]mIv S okpw ]Tn- ∏ n- ° p∂p. F{X am‰- Ø n- c p- Ø - e p- I fpw ssII- S - Ø - e p- I fpw
IΩyq-WnÃv {]h¿Ø-\hpw. Iem-cw-KØv {]tXy-In®v \S-∂n-´p-s≠-¶nepw ]ucm-WnI thZß-sf√mw ]cn-tim-[n-®m¬,
\mS- I - c w- K Øv kz¥- a mb kw`m- h - \ - b p- ≠ m- I p- ∂ Xv Cu kXyw C∂pw hy‡-ambn a\- n-em°mw. ""em Ceml C√-
C°m- e - Ø mWv . at©cn ZzbmwK \ntbm- P I afi- e - √mlv'' ˛"Hcp ssZh-h-hp-an√ A√m-lp-h-√msX' F∂ {]Jym-]-\-
Øn¬ \n∂v 1957 ¬ \nb- a - k - ` - b n- t e°v Iayq- W nÃv Øn¬ c≠v Imcy-ß-fp≠v. H∂v, AXv a\p-jy¿ Bcm-[n-®p-t]m-
kzX- { ¥- \ mbn a’- c n®p. Cu a’cw Ign™v c≠v cp∂ F√m ssZh-ß-sfbpw ]msS \ntj-[n-°p∂p. c≠v, A√mlp
h¿jw XnI- b p- ∂ - X n\v apºv Iayq- W nÃv ]m¿´n- b p- a m- am{X- a mWv ssZhw F∂v ÿm]n- ° p- I bpw sNøp∂p. Bcm- [ \
bp≈ _‘w hnt—-Zn-°p-Ibpw Ah¿t°-‰hpw Xe-th- A¿∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv Ft¥m AXmWv ssZhw F∂-Xp-sIm-≠p≈
Z- \ - b p- ≠ m- ° nb hna¿i- I - \ mbn cwKØv hcn- I bpw hnh£. Bcm-[-\-bpsS a÷ {]m¿Y-\-bmWv. As√-¶n¬ {]m¿Y-
sNbvXp. 1962 ¬ sImt≠m´n \ntbm-PI afi-e-Øn¬ \-bmWv Bcm-[\ F∂pw ]dbmw. {]m¿Yn-°-s∏-Sp-hm≥, As√-
\n∂v tIm¨{Kkv Sn°-‰n¬ a’-cn-s®-¶nepw Pbn-®n√. ¶n¬ Bcm-[n-°-s∏-Sp-hm≥ A¿l-X-bp-≈-h-\mbn Bcp-an√, H∂p-
]n∂oSv kPoh cmjv { Sobw Dt]- £ n- ° p- I bpw aX- { ]- an√, A√m-lp-h-√msX.
t_m-[-\-Øn\v kzbw A¿∏n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. \Zvh- A√mlp F∂p ]d-bp-tºmƒ AXv apkvenw-Iƒ F∂p ]d-
Øp- a m- b p≈ _‘w hnI- k n®v 1993 ¬ \Zv h - Ø ns‚ bp∂ Hcp P\-hn-`m-K-Øns‚ Ipe-ssZ-h-am-sW∂v ]ecpw sX‰n-
kwÿm\ {]kn- U ≠v . acWw hsc Cu ]Zhn ≤-cn-®-Xp-t]m-se-bmWv. Aap-kvenw-Iƒ am{X-a√, apkvenw-I-fm-sW-
XpS¿∂p. 1999 am¿®v 10 \v Dkvam≥ kmln_v Cl-tem- ∂-h-Im-i-s∏-Sp-∂-h-cnepw Hcp henb hn`mKw Aßs\ [cn-®p-h-
I- h mkw shSn™p. im- b n- ´ p≠v . F∂m¬ Cu {]]- © - s Øbpw AXn- \ - ∏ p- d - a p- ≈ - X n-
s\bpw iq\y-X-bn¬ \n∂v krjvSn®v \ne-\nev]v \evIn ]cn-]m-en®v
A\p-{Iaw hf¿Øn-s°m-≠p-h-cp∂, k¿h-i-‡\pw k¿h-⁄-
A√mlp 8 9 A√mlp
\p-amb {kjvSm-hmb {]]-©-I¿Øm-hmWv A√mlp. apkvenw-I-
fp-sSbpw lnμp-°-fp-sSbpw {InkvXym-\n-I-fp-sSbpw as‰√m P\-
{kjv S mhv am{X- a mWv Bcm- [ - \ -
hn-`m-K-ß-fp-sSbpw Idp-Ø-h-cp-sSbpw shfp-Ø-h-cp-sSbpw ]m›m- ¡Àl³
Xy- c p- s Sbpw ]uc- k v X y- c p- s Sbpw AJne Ncm- N - c - ß - f p- s Sbpw Hcp hkvXp-hn\pw, ]c-amWp apX¬ {]]©w hsc bmsXm-
F√mw {kjvSmhpw ]cn-]m-e-I-\p-amWv A√mlp. GsX-¶nepw Hcp ∂n\pw iq\y- X - b n¬ \n∂v kzbw \ne- h n¬ h- c nI km[y- a √.
`mj-°m-cp-sStbm tZi-°m-cp-sStbm h¿K-°m-cp-sStbm kz¥-a√, iq\y- X - b n¬ \n∂v ]c- a m- W p- h √, AXnepw teme- a mb Ce-
F√m-h-cp-sSbpw bYm¿Y ssZhw Ah≥ am{X-amWv! Ivt{SmtWm t{]mt´mtWm t]mepw kzta-[bm D¤q-X-am-hpI-bn√.
F√m a\p- j y- a - \ -   p- I - f n¬ \n∂pw F√m krjv S n- I - f n¬ Cu Imcyw a\p- j y- _ p- ≤ n°v A[nIw Bg- Ø n- s em∂pw Nn¥n-
\n∂pw {]IrXym D≠m-Ip∂ {]m¿Y-\-Iƒ Ah-¶-te-°mWv Db-cp- °msX Xs∂ hy‡-ambn {Kln-°m-hp-∂-XmWv. {]]©w kzbw-
∂Xv. "ssZhta', "Hm tKmUv', "Cuizcm' Fs∂√mw a\p-jy≥ hnfn- `q- h m- s W∂pw AsX∂pw D≠m- b n- c p- ∂ - X m- s W∂pw A\m- Z n- b m-
°p-tºmƒ Ah≥ GXv hn`m-K-Øn¬ s]´-h-\m-bmepw Dt±-in-°p- W∂pw a‰p- a p≈ bp‡n- I - h m- Z n- I - f p- s Sbpw `uXn- I - h m- Z n- I - f p-
∂Xv {kjv S m- h mb, {]]- © - I ¿Øm- h mb A√m- l p- h n- s \- b mWv . sSbpw hmZ-߃, C∂v imkv{X-temIw Xs∂ X≈n-°-f-™n-cn-
GXv t]cv hnfn- ® mepw a\p- jy-cn¬ \n∂pw {]Ir-Xym-bp-≠m-Ip∂ °p- I - b mWv . hnI- k n- ® p- s Im- ≠ n- c n- ° p∂ Cu {]]©w hnI- k n-
{]m¿Y\, Ah-cp-sS {kjvSm-hn-t\m-Sp-≈X - mWv. a‰p≈ Ir{Xna ssZh- °m≥ XpS-ßnb Hcp L´-ap-≠m-bn-cn-°msX Xc-an√. {]]-©-Øn\v
ßsf a\p-jy-≥ sI´n-®a - ®
- p-≠m°n. {]m¿Yn-°m-\p≈ a\p-jy-cpsS hm- Hcp XpS- ° - a p- s ≠∂pw AXv s]s´∂v iq\y- X - b n¬ \n∂v Hcp
RvOsb Xr]vXn-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ {ian-°p∂p. {]Ir-Xn-hn-cp-≤hpw kXy- hºn® kvt^mS-\-tØmsS \ne-hn¬ h∂-Xm-sW∂pw a‰pw B[p-
hn--cp-≤-hp-amb Cu t]m°n\v a\p-jy-cpsS bYm¿Y-i-{Xp-hmb ]n- \n- I - i m- k v { X- I m- c - ∑ m¿ Xs∂ A`n- { ]m- b - s ∏- S p∂p. iq\y- X - b n¬
imNv B°w- I q- ´ p∂p. AØcw Bcm- [ - \ - I fpw {]m¿Y- \ - I fpw \n∂v bmsXm-∂n\pw kzbw D≠m-bn-Øo-cm≥ km[y-a√.
^e- k n-≤n-bp-≈Xpw \√- X p- a mWv F∂ {]XoXn a\p- j y- a - \ -   n¬ {]]-©-sØ-∏-‰n-bp≈ imkv{X-Im-c-∑m-cpsS amdn-s°m-≠n-cn-
D≠m-°m-≥ F√m Ign-hp-Ifpw D]-tbm-Kn®v ]nimNv {ian-®p-sIm- °p∂ A`n-{]m-b-߃ F¥m-bmepw Hcp ]c-am-Wp-hn-\p-t]mepw
≠n-cn-°p-∂p. kzbw -\n-e-hn¬ hcmt\m kzbw`qhm-bn-cn-°mt\m km[y-a√. ]c-
"Bcm-[y-\m-bn´v Bcp-an√ A√mlp A√msX' F∂ efn-X- am-Wp-hns\ kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw AXns‚ B`y-¥-c-L-S-\bpw
amb Ckvem-ans‚ {]Xn-⁄m-hmIyw, bYm¿Y a\p-jy-{]-Ir-Xn°v B¥-cn-I-N-e-\hpw a‰p k¶o¿W-h-i-ßfpw X¬kw-_-‘-amb ]T-
G‰hpw tbmPn-®-Xm-sW-¶nepw ]c-º-cm-K-X-ambn _lp-ssZ-hm-cm- \-ß-fn¬ G¿s∏-´n-´p≈ imkv{X-Im-c-∑msc A‘m-fn-∏n-°p-∂p.
[- \ - b n¬ apgp- I n- b - h ¿°v AXv hfsc {]bm- k - a p≈ Imcy- a mbn Nne¿ AXv shdpw "amb'- b m- s W∂pw Nne¿ AXv shdpw Ne- \ -
A\p- ` - h - s ∏- S p∂p. Ah- c psS _p≤nbpw hn⁄m--\ h- p sa√mw am-sW∂pw a‰p Nne¿ AXv a\- ns‚ {]h¿Ø\w (Mind Stuff)
_lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[-\sb \ymbo-I-cn-°m\pw ÿm]n-°m\pw D]-tbm- BsW∂pw. Aßs\ ]e- ] e A`n- { ]m- b - ß fpw Ah- c n¬ \n∂v
K-s∏-Sp-ØpI F∂-√msX, {]]-©-{k-jvSmhpw kwc-£-I-\p-amb Db¿∂p-h-cp-∂p! {]]-©-Øns‚ ÿm\Øv Hcp ]c-amWp am{X-
ssZhw am{X- a mWv Bcm- [ - \ - ° ¿l≥ F∂ kXyw {Kln- ° m≥, am-Wp-≈-Xv F¶n¬ t]mepw AXn\v \ne-\nev]v \evIn, \ne-\n¿Øn-
Ah-cpsS _p≤nbpw hn⁄m-\hpw H∂pw klm-b-I-am-Ip-∂n√. t∏m-Ip∂ Hcp {kjvSmhv IqSmsX Ign-bn-√. ]c-am-Wp-hns‚ a[y-
euInI hnj-b-ß-sf√mw hf-sc-b-[nIw _p≤n-tbmSpw hnth-I- `m-KØv Nen-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ t{]mt´mWpw AXn\v Np‰pw Id-
tØmSpw ssIIm-cyw-sN-øp-∂-h¿, Bcm-[-\-bpsS hnjbw hcp- ßn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ Ce-Ivt{Sm-Wp-Ifpw B {kjvSm-hns‚ Iev]-
tºmƒ A‘-amb A\p-I-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw ]mc-º-cy-Øn-s‚bpw \bv°v hnt[-b-ambns°m≠mWv Nen-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xv. "D≠m-
am¿Kw kzoI-cn-°p∂p. _p≤n°pw hnth-I-Øn\pw B cwKØv
ÿm\- a n√ F∂ \ne- ] m- S mWv A[n- I - a m- f p- I fpw ssIs°m- ≈ p-
∂Xv.
A√mlp 10 11 A√mlp
A√m-lp-hm-Wv. Ahs‚ ZrjvSm-¥-ß-fn¬ IqSn Ahs\ a\- n-
IpI' F∂ Ahs‚ Iev ] - \ - b mWv ]c- a mWp apX¬ {]]©w em- ° n, Ah- t \mSv \μn- I m- W n®v Ahs\ am{Xw Bcm[n°m≥
hsc F√m- ‰ n- s ‚bpw \ne- \ n- e v ] ns‚ ]n∂n- e p≈ cl- k yw! _p≤nbpw hnth-N\i‡nbpw \evI-s∏-´n-´p≈ a\p-jy-h¿K-Øn-
hyXykvX ]Zm¿Y-߃°v, ]c-am-Wp-hnse Ce-Ivt{Sm-Wn-s‚bpw \p- t h≠n, Ah≥ sNbv X A\p- { K- l - a m- W nXv . A√m- l p- h ns‚
t{]mt´m-Wn-s‚bpw FÆ-hy-Xymkw A\p-k-cn®v hyXykvX KpW- A\p-{K-l-߃ Bin-®p-sIm≠pw D]-{Z-h-ß-fn¬ \n∂v c£-tX-
߃ \ev I p- ∂ Xpw Ahsb Ah- b psS am¿K- ß - f n¬ \bn- ° p- Sn- s °m≠pw Aht\mSv am{Xw {]m¿Yn- ® p- s Im≠pw Ahs\
∂Xpw {kjvSmhv Xs∂! F√m hkvXp-°ƒ°pw krjvSn-∏p-\evIn am{Xw Bcm- [ n- ® p- s Im≠pw Pohn- t °≠ a\p- j y≥, Ahs‚
Ahsb am¿K- Ø n¬ \bn- ° p∂ {kjv S m- h mb A√m- l p- h ns‚ {]m¿Y-\-Ifpw Bcm-[-\-Ifpw A¿∏n-°m≥ ]e ssZh-ß-sfbpw
Iev]\b\p-k-cn®v \ne-hn¬ h∂-XmWv Cu {]]-©hpw AXnse sI´n-®-a-®p-≠m-°p∂Xv F{X `b-¶-c-amb A{I-a-am-Wv! BkvXn-
Ncm- N - c - ß - f pw. ""Ahs‚ Imcyw C{X- a m- { X- a mWv Ah≥ Hcp Iy- Ø n\v am{Xw \μnIm- W n®v ISw ho´m≥ Hcp a\p- j y\pw
hkvXp D≠m-h-W-sa∂v Dt±-in-®m¬ AXn-t\mSv "D≠mIq' F∂v km[y- a m- I p- I - b n- √ . F∂n- ´ - t √, FÆ- a ‰ a‰v A\p- { K- l - ß - f psS
]d-bp-∂p. At∏mƒ AXv D≠m-Ip-I-bm-bn.'' Imcyw. ""At∏mƒ krjvSn-°p-∂-h≥, krjvSn-°m-Ø-h-s\-t∏mse-
]cn- i p≤ Jp¿- B ≥ {kjv S m- h ns\ ]cn- N - b - s ∏- S p- Ø p∂Xv bmtWm? \n߃ Nn¥n-°p-∂nt√? \n߃ A√m-lp-hns‚ A\p-
Aß-s\-bm-Wv. Ah≥ D≠m-hWw F∂v Dt±-in-°p-∂Xv, iq\y-X- {K-l-߃ FÆp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ \n߃°v AXv IW-°m-°m≥
bn¬ \n∂v DZv ` q- X - a m- I p- ∂ p. Ahs‚ kØbpw Kp- W - ß fpw km[n-°p-I-bn-√. Xo¿®-bmbpw A√mlp s]mdp-°p-∂-h\pw Icp-
\nkvXp-e-ß-fm-Wv. Ah-s\-t∏mse bmsXm-∂p-an-√. Ah≥ Dt±-in- Wm-\n-[n-bp-am-Wv.'' (hn.-Jp. 16:18)
°p- ∂ - X ns\ iq\y- X - b n¬ \n∂v Ahs‚ Iev ] - \ - sIm≠v D¤q- {kjv S mhv am{Xta Bcm- [ - \ - b ¿ln- ° p- ∂ p- ≈ q. Ah\v
X-am-°m-\p-≈ A]m-chpw \nkvXp-e-hp-amb Ign-hn-∂-\p-tbm-Py- am{Xta Bcm-[-\°pw {]m¿Y-\-°pw DØcw sNøm≥ km[n-°q.
amb Ahs‚ kØsb `mh- \ - b n¬ sIm≠p- h - c m≥ t]mepw {]m¿Y- \ bpw Bcm- [ - \ bpw shdpw am\- k nI hymbm- a - a - √ ;
km[y- a - √ . Ahs‚ Zrjv S m- ¥ - ß - f n¬ IqSn Ahs\ a\-   n- e m- DØcw Int´≠ Imcy-ß-fm-Wv. {]m¿Y-\bv°v DØcw sNøpI
°mw. Ahs‚ kØ-sb-∏‰n Nn¥n®v Ahs\ cq]-s∏-Sp- F∂Xv "krjvSn' Dƒs°m-≈p∂ Imcy-am-Wv. AXv {kjvSm-hn\v
ØpI Akm-[y-am-Wv. AXv A‘m-fn-∏nte FØn-°p-I-bp-≈q. am{Xta Ign-bq. "D]-Im-chpw D]-{Z-hhpw sNøm≥ km[n-°mØ'
C∂v ImWp∂ hm\- t em- I hpw \£- { X- ß fpw kqcy\pw {kjv S m- h - √ mØ hkv X p- ° - s ftbm Bfp- I - s ftbm hnfn®v
N{μ\pw `qanbpw Poh-Pm-e-ß-fp-sa√mw Ahs‚ ZrjvSm-¥-ß-fm- {]m¿Yn-°p-∂Xpw Ahbv°v Bcm-[\ A¿∏n-°p-∂Xpw G‰hpw
Wv. Ahs‚ krj-Sn-I-fm-Wv. ""BIm-i-ß-fnepw `qan-bnepw F{X- henb A{I- a hpw hnUv V n- Ø - h p- a m- W v .
sb{X ZrjvSm-¥-߃! Ah¿ Ah-bpsS Acn-In-eqsS \S-∂p-t]m- A√m-lp-hns‚ A\p-{K-l-߃°v \μn-bp-≈-h-cm-bn-s°m≠v
Ip- ∂ p. Ah¿ Ahsb∏‰n Xosc {i≤n- ° p- ∂ tX- b n- √ .'' (hn.- J p. Atß- b - ‰ sØ kv t \l- t ØmSpw Xmgv a - t bmSpw IqSn Ahs\
12:105) am{Xw Bcm-[n-°p-I-bmWv _p≤nbpw hnth-I-hp-ap≈ a\p-jy¿
`qansb a\p-jy¿°pw a‰p Poh-Pm-e-߃°pw Pohn-°m≥ sNtø-≠-Xv. Ah\v \ΩpsS \μnbpw Bcm-[-\bpw Bh-iy-an-
]‰nb \ne- b n¬ ]mI- s ∏- S p- Ø n- b Xv A‘- a m- b , _p≤n- b n- √ mØ √. Ah≥ F√m- ‰ ns\ sXm´pw \ncm- { i- b - \ m- W v . Ahs‚ A\p-
{]Ir-Xn-bpsS hnIr-Xn-b-√. tImSn-°-W-°n-ep≈ a‰v tKmf-ß-fn¬ {K-l-߃°v \μn-bp-≈-h-cm-bn-s°m≠pw IqSp-X¬ A\p-{K-l-
H∂p-an-√mØ hmbp-a-fi-ehpw Pehpw `£-W-]-Zm¿Y-ßfpw a‰p ߃ Bin-®p-sIm≠pw D]-{Z-h-ß-fn¬ \n∂v c£ tXSn-s°m≠pw
]e kuI-cy-ßfpw ChnsS hfsc Bkq-{Xn-X-ambn G¿s∏-Sp-Øn- \mw sNøp∂ Bcm- [ - \ - I fpw {]m¿Y- \ - I - f p- s a√mw \ap°v
b- X v , k¿h- ⁄ \pw k¿h- i - ‡ \pw ]c- a - I m- c p- W y- h m- \ p- a mb th≠n Xs∂- b m- W v . ""a\p- j y- t c, \n߃ A√m- l p- h n- ¶ te°v
A√mlp 12 13 A√mlp
B{in-X-cm-Wv. A√m-lp, Ah-\mWv \ncm-{in-X\pw kvXpXy¿l- hnhn[ tZho-tZ-h-∑msc ]‰nbpw D]-ssZ-h-ßsf ]‰n-bp-ap≈ k¶-
\pw.'' (hn.- J p. 35:15) ev]-߃ D≠m-°m≥ Ahsc t{]cn-∏-®-Xv. {]]-©-{k-jvSm-hmb
ssZh- Ø n- t e- ° p≈ ip]m¿i- ° mcpw CS- b m- f - ∑ m- c p- a m- b mWv
\mkvXn-I-cpsS A\p-am\w bpàn-hn- hnhn[ ssZh-ßsf Ah¿ k¶-ev]n-®n-c-p∂-Xv.
cp²w BZna a\p-jys‚ ASn-ÿm\ hnizmkw {kjvSmhpw kwc-
£-I-\p-amb GI-ssZ-h-Øn-ep≈ hnizm-k-am-bn-cp-∂p. Imem-¥-
{kjv S mhpw \nb- ¥ m- h p- a mb ssZh- Ø ns‚ Zrjv S m- ¥ - ß ƒ
c-Øn-emWv _lp-ssZ-h-hn-izmkw DS-se-Sp-Ø-Xv. B{^n-°-bnse
{]]©w apgp- h \pw \nd- ™ pIn- S - ° p- ∂ p. ssZhm- k v X n- I ysØ
Bbn- c - ° - W - ° n- e p≈ tKm{X- h ¿K- ° m¿ FÆ- a ‰ tZho- t Z- h - ∑ m-
hnfn- t ®m- X p- ∂ , FÆn- b msemSpßmØ Zrjv S m- ¥ - ß ƒ temIw
scbpw aq¿Øn-I-sfbpw Bcm-[n-°p∂p. F∂m¬ Ah-sc√mw {]]-
apgp-h≥ ]c∂v InS-°p-∂p-sh-¶nepw ssZh-Øns‚ BkvXnIyw
©- I¿Øm-hmb ssZhØn¬ hniz-kn-°p-∂p. \ΩpsS ]›n-a-L-
\ntj-[n-°p∂-h¿ ssZhw a\p-jy-kr-jvSn-bm-sW∂v hmZn-°m-dp-
´-Øn¬ Xma-kn-°p∂ apØ-∑m¿, ]Wn-b-∑m¿, tNme-\m-bv°-∑m¿
≠v. Ah-cpsS hmZ-߃ Cßs\ t]mIp∂p: {]mNo\ a\p-jy¿
F∂n-ß-s\-bp-≈-h-cp-sSbpw \ne CXp-X-s∂. Ah-sc√mw hnhn[
{]Ir-Xn-bnse {]Xn-`m-k-ß-fn¬ A‘m-fn®v ]e-Xcw ssZh-ßsf
tZho- t Z- h - ∑ mscbpw aq¿Øn- I sfbpw Bcm- [ n- ° p- ∂ - h - c m- W v .
{]m¿Yn®v A·nbpw kqcy\pw N{μ\pw Im‰pw {]Im-i-hp-sams°
]t£, F√m- h cpw ]S- ® - X - º p- c m- \ n¬ hniz- k n- ° p- ∂ - h cp- a m- W v .
Ah¿°v ssZh-ß-fmbnØo¿∂p. \mK- c n- I - X - b n¬ a\p- j y- \ p-
\mkvXn-I-cmb bp‡n-hm-Zn-Iƒ ]d-bp-∂-Xp-t]mse, {]mNo\ a\p-
≠mb hf¿®- t bm- s Sm∏w Ahs‚ ssZh- ß fpsS FÆhpw
jy¿ XpS- ° - Ø n¬ _lp- s sZ- h - h n- i zm- k n- I - f m- b n- c p- ∂ p- s h∂pw
Ipd- ™ p- h - ∂ p. Aßs\ ]c- t ImSn ssZh- ߃ aq∂n- s e- Ø n.
hn⁄m\w h¿[n-®-t∏mƒ ssZh-ß-fpsS FÆw Npcpßn H∂n-se-
]ns∂ aq∂v H∂m- s W- ∂ m- b n. apl- Ω Zv , ssZhw H∂p am{X-
Øn-sb∂pw imkv{Xob hn⁄m\w C\nbpw h¿[n-®p-h-cp-tºmƒ
ta-bp-≈q-sh∂v {]Jym-]n-®p. Ct∏mƒ Imew apt∂m-´p-t]m-bn-cn-
B hnizm-khpw C√m-Xmbn Xocp-sa-s∂-√m-ap≈ hmZ-߃ kXy-
°p-∂p. imkv{Xw hf¿∂n-cn-°p-∂p. C\n Hcp ssZh-Øn-s‚bpw
hn- c p- ≤ hpw bp‡n- h n- c p- ≤ - h p- a mWv F∂Xv hfsc hy‡w.
Bh-iy-an-√.
imkv { Xob hn⁄m- \ - Ø ns‚ ]mc- a y- Ø n- s e- Ø nb F{Xtbm
CSn, an∂¬, Im‰v, ag F∂o {]Xn-`m-k-߃ {]mNo\ a\p-jy-
_lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[-Icp≠v. imkv{Xob hn⁄m\w sXm´p-Xo-≠mØ
cn¬ ]e-Xcw ssZh-ßsf ]‰n-bp≈ k¶-ev]-߃ D≠m-Im≥ Imc-
W-ambn F∂p hbv°p-I, ]t£, AXn\v apºv Hcp Imcyw Ku\n- F{Xtbm GI- s sZ- h - h n- i zm- k n- I - f p- ≠ v , \nco- i z- c - h m- Z n- I - f p- ≠ v .
t°-≠-Xp-≠v. Ch-bvs°√mw apºv {]]-©hpw Ah-cpsS AkvXn- imkv{Xob hn⁄m\w h¿[n-°p-∂-tXmsS ssZh-hn-izmkw C√m-
Xzhpw Ah-cn¬ F¥v {]Xn-I-c-W-am-Wp-≠m-°n-bXv? Cu {]]©w Xmbn Xocp-sa-s∂√mw ]d-bp-∂Xv shdp-sX-bm-Wv.
kzbw-`q-hm-sW∂pw Xß-sf√mw ]Zm¿Y-Øns‚ Imem-¥-c-Øn- GXm-bmepw Hcp Imcyw hy‡-am-Wv. a\p-jy¿ Fhn-sS-sb-√m-
ep≈ ]cn-Wm-a-Øn-eqsS D¤q-X-cm-b-h-cm-sW∂pw a\- n-em-°nb apt≠m Ahn-sS-sb√mw ssZh-hn-izm-k-ap-≠v. a\p-jys‚ {]Ir-Xn-
\mkvXn-I-tcm ]Zm¿Y-hm-Zn-Itfm Bbn-cp-∂n-cn-°m≥ h√ Ah-Im- bn¬ AS-ßn-bn-´p≈ Hcp P∑-hm-k\ t]mse-bmWv ]S-®-X-ºp-cm-
i-hp-ap-t≠m? Hcn-°-ep-an-√ F∂v GXv `uXn-I-hm-Znbpw kΩ-Xn- \n-ep≈ hnizmkw F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xn¬ sX‰n-√. {[ph-{]-tZ-i-ß-
°pw. AkvXn-Xzhpw {]]-©hpw {]mNo\ a\p-jy-cn-ep-≠m-°nb fnepw acp-`q-an-I-fnepw a[y-tcJm {]tZ-i-ß-fnepw ]¿h-X-in-J-c-ß-
{]Xn-I-cWw {]]-©-{k-jvSm-hmb ssZhsØ ]‰n-bp≈ hnizm-k- fnepw ImSp-I-fnepw Zzo]p-I-fnepw F√mw Pohn-°p∂ a\p-jy-k-aq-
am- b n- c p- ∂ p. AXm- b n- c p∂p Ah- c psS ASn- ÿ m- \ - h n- i zm- k hpw lßfn¬ H∂pw Xs∂ \nco-izchnizm-kn-I-fm-bn-´n-√. F√m-hcpw
{kjv S m- h mb ssZ- h Øn¬ hnizm- k - a p- ≈ - X p- s Im- ≠ m- b n- c p∂p GsX-¶nepw Xc-Øn-ep≈ ssZh-hn-izm-kn-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. {kjvSm-
A√mlp 14 15 A√mlp
hmb ssZhsØ ]‰n-bp≈ Hcp t_m[-sa-¶n-ep-an-√mØ kaq-l- °pI F∂ t_m[- h p- a mbn F√m kap- Z m- b - ß - f n- t e°pw \mw
ß- f n- √ . ""a\p- j y¿ Htc Hcp kap- Z m- b - a - √ msX Bbn- c p- ∂ n- √ . {]hm-N-I-∑msc Ab-®n-´p-≠v'' (16:86) F∂v Jp¿-B≥ ]d-bp-∂p.
F∂n´v Ah¿ `n∂n-°p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv.'' (hn.-Jp. 10:18) A[¿aw sImSn-IpØn hmgp-Ibpw km£m¬ {kjvSm-hmb
GI- s sZ- h - Ø n¬ hniz- k n- ° p- I bpw B ssZhsØ am{Xw ssZh- Ø n\v ]pdsa a\p- j y¿ ]e ssZh- ß - s fbpw k¶- e v ] n- ® p-
Bcm-[n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp∂ BZna a\p-jy-k-aqlw Imem-¥- ≠m-°n Bcm-[n-°p-Ibpw \∑-bpsS ÿm\w Xn∑ Ic-ÿ-am-°p-
c-Øn¬ `n∂n-°p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. IqsS-°qsS ss]im-NnI t{]c- Ibpw sNøp∂ ÿnXn- h n- t ijw kwPm- X - a m- I p- I bpw sNbv X n-
W-Ifpw hymtam-l-ßfpw tZtl-—-Ifpw ]e-Xcw ssZh-k-¶-ev]- ´p≈ L´-ß-fn¬ a\p-jysc t\¿am¿K-Øn-te°v \bn-°p-hm≥
߃ sI´n- ® - a - ® p- ≠ m- ° m\pw B ssZh- ß sf Bcm- [ n- ° m\pw Znhy-t_m-[\w \evIn-s°m≠v ssZh-Zq-X-∑msc A√mlp a\p-jy-
Ahsc t{]cn-X-cm-°p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. _lp-ssZ-h-hn-izm-k-Øn¬ cn¬ \n∂v Xs∂ \ntbm- K n- ° p- ∂ p. [¿a ]p\x- ÿ m- ] - \ - Ø n\v
\n∂v A\p- { I- a - a mbn Dcp- Ø n- c n- ™ p- h- ∂ - X mWv GI- s sZ- h - h n- ssZhw a\p-jy-\mbn Ah-X-cn-°p∂p F∂ sX‰n-≤m-cW, {]hm-
izmkw F∂ hmZw Hcn-°epw icn-b-√. sXfn-hp-I-fpsS bmsXmcp N-I-∑msc ]‰n ]n¬°m-e-Øp-≠mb AXn-cp-I-hn™ Nn¥m-K-Xn-
]n≥_-ehpw AXn-\n-√. bp‡nbpw AXns\ AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂n-√. I-fn¬ \n∂v DS-se-Sp-Ø-Xm-hmw. {]hm-N-I-∑m¿ shdpw D]-tZ-jvSm-
hmk-Xhw adn-®m-Wv. GI-ssZ-h-hn-izm-kamWv BZyta D≈-Xv. °ƒ am{X-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. D]-tZ-i-߃ Pohn-X-Øn¬ {]tbm-K-h-XvI-
AXn¬ \n∂v P\-߃ _lp-ssZ-h-hn-izm-k-Øn-te°v hyXn-N-en- cn®v amXr-I -Im-Wn-®n-cp-∂-h-cp-am-Wv. a\p-jy-{]-Ir-Xn°pw kz`m-
°p- I - b m- W v D≠m- b - X v . {]hm- N - I - ∑ mcpw thZ- { K- Ÿ - ß - f p- s a√mw h-Øn\pw A\p-tbm-Py-amb \nb-a-ßfpw XXz-ß-fp-amWv X߃
_lp-ssZ-h-hn-izm-k-ß-fn-te°v hgp-Xn-t∏mb P\-ßsf GI-ssZ- D]-tZ-in-°p-∂-sX∂v Pohn- X - Ø n- e qsS sXfn- b n- t °- ≠ - h - c mWv
h-hn-izm-k-Øn-te°v £Wn-°p-I-bmWv sNbvXn-´p-≈-Xv. Ah- ¿ . AXp- s Im≠v Ah- ¿ a\p- j y¿ Xs∂ Bbn- c n- ° - W w.
AXn\v a\p- j y- { ]- I r- X n- b n¬ \n∂v XnI®pw `n∂- c mb amem- J -
{]hm- N - I - · mÀ ssZh- m h- X m- c - § - f - Ã amtcm km£m¬ ssZhw Xs∂tbm a\p- j y- c q]w ]q≠v a\p-
]c- t em- I - P o- h n- X sØ∏‰n ap∂- d n- b n∏pw kphn- t i- j hpw jy¿°n- S - b n¬ Pohn- ® n´v Imcy- a n- √ . amem- J - a m- c psS PohnXw
\ev I m\pw A√m- l p- h ns‚ A\p- { K- l - ß sf∏‰n A\p- k v a - c n- Ah¿°v am-{Xta ]n¥p-S-cm≥ Ign-bq.
°m\pw Ahs\ am{Xta Bcm-[n-°m≥ ]mSp≈q F∂v a\p-jysc ssZhsØ kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw a\p-jy-P∑w kzoI-cn-°p-
[cn-∏n-°m\pw ssZh-Zq-X-∑msc A√mlp a\p-jy-cn¬ \n∂v Xs∂ Itbm a\p-jy-cq]w ssIs°m-≈p-Itbm sNøp-∂Xv Ahs‚ ]cn-
\ntbm-Kn-°p-Ibpw Ah¿ aptJ\ thZ-{K-Ÿ-߃ FØn-®p-sIm- ip≤ KpW- ß ƒ°v tbmPn- ® - X - √ . {`qWm- h - ÿ - b nepw ssii- h -
Sp- ° p- I bpw sNbv X p. Cu hn[- Ø n¬ F√m kap- Z m- b - ß - f nepw Ønepw _mey-Ønepw a‰v Pohn-X-L-´-Øn-ep-S-\o-fhpw a\p-jysc
ssZh-Zq-X-∑m¿ \nbp-‡-cm-bn-´p-≠v. a\p-jysc bmsXmcp am¿K- B{i-bn®v Pohn-t°-≠p∂ Hcp KXn-tISv ]cm-{i-b-an-√mØ ssZh-
\n¿tZ-i-hp-an-√msX, CjvSw-t]mse hnl-cn-°p-hm\pw X∏n-Ø-S- Øn\v D≠m- b n- ° q- S m. DuWpw Dd- ° hpw `mcybpw k¥m- \ hpw
bm\pw hn´n- c n- ° p- I - b - √ . Ah- c n¬ \n∂v A√mlp sXc- s ™- S p- D≈ ssZhw ÿnc-{i-≤t\m ]c-kzm-[o-\-ap-‡t\m Bhp-I-bn-√.
°p∂ DØ-acpw hniz-kvXcpw kXy-k-‘-cp-am-b-h¿°v Znhy-t_m- AXn- \ m¬ ssZhw a\p- j y- \ mbn Ah- X - c n- ° p- s a∂ k¶- e v ] w
[\w \evIn ssZh-Zq-X-∑m-cmbn \ntbm-Kn-°p-Ibpw Ah¿ aptJ\ ssZh- Ø ns‚ al- X z- Ø n\v If- ¶ - t a- e v ] n- ° - e m- W v . a\p- j y- c mb
a\p-jysc t\¿am¿K-Øn-te°v \bn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. a\p-jym- ssZh-Zq-Xcn¬ ]n¬°m-eØv P\-߃ Znhy-Xz-am-tcm-]n®p F∂-
cw`w apX¬ A√mlp kzoI-cn-®n-´p≈ \S-]-Sn-{I-a-am-Wn-Xv. a\p- XmWv hkv X p- X .
jysc kw_- ‘ n- ® n- S - t Ømfw CXv G‰hpw hen- s bmcp A\p- { K- ssZh-hn-izm-kn-I-fmb a\p-jy¿ Xs∂ ssZhsØ ]‰n ]e-X-
lhp-am-Wv.
""A√m-lpsh am{Xw Bcm-[n-°p-I, a‰m-cm-[ysc F√mw h¿Pn-
A√mlp 16 17 A√mlp
c-Øn-ep-≈ sX‰mb [mc-W-Ifpw sh®p-]p-e¿Øp-∂-Xns\ thZ- BZ-cn-°m≥ Jp¿-B≥ imkn-°p-∂p-≠v. ]t£, apl-ΩZv \_n-
{K-Ÿ-ßfpw ssZh-Zq-X-∑mcpw Xncp-Øp-Ibpw A√m-lp-hns\ ]‰n- sbtbm at‰-sX-¶nepw {]hm-N-I-∑m-sctbm ssZhm-h-Xm-c-ß-tfm
bp≈ bYm¿Y hn⁄m\w a\p- j y¿°v \ev I p- I bpw sNbv X p- Znhymw- i - a p- ≈ - h tcm Bbn Iev ] n®v Bcm- [ n- ° mt\m {]m¿Yn-
sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. F∂mepw Imem-¥-c-Øn¬ ]nim-Nns‚ t{]c- °mt\m ]mSp-≈-X-√.
Wbv°pw kz¥w tZtl-—bv°pw hiw-h-Z-cm-bn-s°m≠v ]e-Xcw
ssZhk¶ev]ßfpw a\p-jy¿ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠n-cn-°-∂p.
anYym-k-¦-ev]-§Ä
{]hm- N - I - ] - c - º - c - b n¬ A¥n- a - \ mWv apl- Ω Zv \_n(- k ). Ah- k m- \ sØ thZ- { K- Ÿ - a mb hnip≤ Jp¿- B ≥ a\p-
At±lw am\- h - I p- e - Ø n- \ m- I - a m\w \nbp- ‡ - \ mb {]hm- N - I - \ m- jycpw ]nim- N p- ° fpw A√m- l p- h n¬ Btcm- ] n- ® n- ´ p≈ F√m
Wv . At±- l - Ø n- e qsS a\- p - j y¿°v A√mlp \ev I - n b hnip≤ sX‰mb k¶-ev]-ß-sfbpw Xncp-Øp-Ibpw Ahs‚ KpW-hn-ti-
{KŸ- a s{X Jp¿- B ≥. AXv bmsXm- c p hn[ ssItb- ‰ - Ø n\pw j- ß sf kphy- ‡ - a mbn hnh- c n- ° p- I bpw a\p- j y¿ Btcm- ] n-
hnt[-b-am-ImsX X\Xv cq]-Øn¬ \ΩpsS apºn-ep-≠v. apl-ΩZv °p∂ F√m t]mcm- b v a - I - f n¬ \n∂pw Ahs\ ]cn- i p- ≤ - \ m- ° p-
\_nsb kw_- ‘ n®v At±lw Hcp a\p- j y- \ mb ssZh- Z q- X - s \- Ibpw sNøp- ∂ p.
∂- √ m- s X, tZh- \ m- s Wt∂m ssZhm- h - X m- c - a m- s Wt∂m ssZh- a m- A√m-lp-hns‚ KpW-hn-ti-j-ß-sf -A-h≥ Xs∂ ]cn-N-b-
sWt∂m apkvenw-Iƒ hniz-kn-°p-∂n-√-. Aßs\ hniz-kn-°p-∂- s∏- S p- Ø n- Ø - c p- ∂ Xv A∏Sn kzoI- c n- ° p- I - s b- ∂ - √ msX a\p- j y-
h\v Ckvem-an¬ ÿm\-hp-an-√. "A√m-lp-h-√msX Hcp ssZh-hp- `mh- \ bv ° pw A`o- j v S - Ø n\pw A\p- k - c n® k¶- e v ] - ß ƒ°v
an√' F∂mWv Ckvem-ans‚ {]Ya {]Xn-⁄-mhmIysa-¶n¬ "apl- AhnsS ÿm\- a n- √ . a\p- j y¿ Nne- t ∏mƒ ssZhsØ a\p- j y-
ΩZv A√m-lp-hns‚ ZqX-\mWv' F∂-XmWv ZznXo-b-h-N-\w. ""Rm≥ t\mfw Xmgv Ø p- ∂ p. Nne- t ∏mƒ a\p- j ysc ssZh- t Ømfw
\nßsf t]mse-bp≈ a\p-jy≥ am{Xw, F\n°v Znhy-t_m-[-\- Db¿Øp∂p. a\p-jys‚ t]mcm-bva-Ifpw Ign-hp-tI-Sp-Ifpw KpW-
ap-s≠-t∂-bp≈q'' (hn.-Jp. 19:20) F∂v {]Jym-]n-°m≥ At±lw ßfpw kz`m- h - ß fpw A√m- l p- h n¬ Btcm- ] n®v {kjv S m- h ns‚
A√m- l p- h n- \ m¬ imkn- ° - s ∏- ´ - X mbn Jp¿- B - \ n¬ H∂n- t esd \nkv X p- e - a mb ]Z- h nsb If- ¶ - s ∏- S p- Ø m≥ Hcp- s º- S p- ∂ p.
ÿeß-fn¬ ImWmw. a\pjycnse `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-Isf t]mse ip]m¿i-I-cpsS kzm[o-
]q¿h- { ]- h m- N - I - ∑ m- c n¬ Nnesc Ah- c psS A\p- b m- b n- I ƒ \- Ø n\v hnt[- b - a m- I p- ∂ , km[m- c - W - ° m¿°v t\cn´v _‘w
hmgvØp-∂Xv t]mse \nß-sfs∂ hmgvØ-cp-sX∂pw Rm≥ A√m- ÿm]n- ° m≥ ]‰mØ Hcp \ne- ] m- S p- I m- c - \ mbn A√m- l p- h ns\
lp-hns‚ ZqX\pw Zmk\pw am{X-am-sW∂pw \_n(k) A\p-bm- k¶-ev]n-°p-∂p. F∂n´v ssZh-km-ao]yw t\Sn-b-h-sc∂v X߃
bn- I sf D]- t Z- i n- ® n- ´ p- ≠ v . Ncaw {]m]n- ° p-∂ -Xns‚ sXm´p- A\p- a m- \ n- ° p∂ ]pWy- h m- f - ∑ msc ssZh- Ø n- ¶ ¬ ip]m¿i- I -
apºp≈ Znh- k - ß - f n¬, Xs‚ J_v ¿ Bcm- [ - \ m- e - b - a m- ° - c p- cmbn Ah-tcm-[n®v Ah¿ aptJ\ ssZh-km-ao-]y-Øn\v {ian-°p-
sX∂pw BtLm- j - ÿ - e - a m- ° - c p- s X∂pw ]e- h ´w At±lw ∂p.
Xs‚ A\p- b m- b n- I ƒ°v Xm°oXv \ev I p- I - b p- ≠ m- b n. AØ- AXp-t]mse krjvSn-Iƒ°v {kjvSm-hns‚ Ign-hp-Iƒ k¶-
c- a m- f p- I ƒ ssZh- i m- ] - Ø n\v hnt[- b - c m- sW∂v ap∂- d n- b n- ∏ v ev]n®v Ahsc hnfn-®p -{]m¿Yn-°m\pw Ahsc Bcm-[n-°p-hm\pw
\ev I p- I bpw sNbv X p. Hcp-sº-Sp-∂p. a\p-jy-sc-t∏mse {kjvSmhpw k¥m-\-ß-fp-≈-h-
apkvenw-Iƒ aplΩZv \_nsb A¥n-a -{]-hm-N-I\pw amXr- \m-sW∂v k¶-ev]n®v B k¥m-\-ß-fpsS "Xr]vXn' t\Sn A√m-
Im- ] p- c p- j - \ p- s a∂ \ne- b n¬ Atß- b ‰w BZ- c n- ° p- ∂ p. temI- lp-hn-t\m-S-Sp-°m≥ Nne¿ {ian-°p-∂p.
sØ- º m- S p- a p≠m- b n- ´ p≈ k¿h {]hm- N - I - ∑ m- s cbpw Xpey- a mbn krjv S n- I - f n¬ \n∂v F√m Imcy- Ø nepw hyXy- k v X - \ mb
{kjvSm-hns‚ \nkvXpekØsb F√m krjvSn-I-fnepw ebn-®p-
In-S-°p∂ Hcp i‡n-bmtbm, As√-¶n¬ GsX-¶nepw a\p-jy-cn¬
A√mlp 18 19 A√mlp
CSbv ° v Ah- X - c n- ° ∂ H∂mtbm k¶- e v ] n- ° p- ∂ hcp- ≠ v . °msX Pohn-°p∂ Ah-\n¬ \n߃ `c-ta-ev]n-°p-I. Ahs‚
{kjv S mhpw krjv S nbpw c≠√ F∂ \nK- a - \ - Ø n- s e- Ø p∂ kvXpXn {]Io¿Ø\w sNøp-I'' (hn-ip≤ Jp¿-B≥). krjvSn-I-
AssZzX hnizm-kn-I-fm-Wnh¿. Cß-s\-bp≈ F√m sX‰mb k¶- fpsS Poh-\n¬ \n∂pw Pohn-X-Øn¬ \n∂pw hn`n-∂-amWv Ah-
ev]-ß-sfbpw [mc-W-I-sfbpw Xncp-Øp-Ibpw A√m-lp-hns\ ]cn- t‚- X v . "Ah- s \- t ∏mse bmsXm- ∂ p- a n√' (hn.- J p. 42:11) F∂Xv
ip- ≤ - a mb \ne- b n¬ ]cn- N - b - s ∏- S p- Ø p- I bpw Ahs‚ KpW- ß - Ahs‚ F√m KpW-߃°pw _m[-I-am-Wv. "Ah≥ \ncm-{i-b-
sfbpw Ign- h p- I - s fbpw Zrjv S m- ¥ - ß - s fbpw th≠ hn[- Ø n¬ \m- W v , kzbw ]cym- ] v X - \ m- W v . F√m- h cpw Ahs\ B{i- b n- ° p-
Ah- X - c n- ∏ n- ° p- I bpw sNøp∂ hnip≤ Jp¿- B \pw AXns‚ ∂p. Ah≥ Bscbpw H∂n- s \bpw B{i- b n- ° p- ∂ n- √ . Hcp ab-
hymJym\amb {]hm- N - I s‚ hN- \ - ß - f p- a mWv A√m- l p- h ns\ °hpw Dd- ° hpw _m[n- ° msX Ft∏mgpw F√mw Adn- ™ p-
kw_-‘n® bmYm¿Yyw {Kln-°m≥ \ap-°p≈ am¿K-߃. sIm≠pw F√mw \nb- { ¥n- ® p- s Im≠pw k¿hYm PmK- c q- I - \ mWv
Ah≥. AXp-sIm-≠m-Wv `qanbpw kqcy\pw N{μ\pw A\-¥-amb
JpÀ- B ³ ]cn- N - b - s ¸- S p- ¯ p¶ ssZhw BIm-iØv ]c-∂p-In-S-°p∂ tImSm-\p-tImSn \£-{X-ß-fp-sa√mw
""A√mlp, Ah-\-√msX thsd Bcm-[y-\n-√, Poh-\p-≈-h≥; Iq´n-ap-´msX hyh-ÿm-]n-X-ambn Nen-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.
kzbw ]cym- ] v X - \ mb k¿h \nb- ¥ m- h v . Ahs\ Hcp- h n[ ab- ""Xo¿®- b mbpw A√mlp BIm- i - ß - s fbpw `qan- s bbpw
°hpw Dd-°hpw _m[n-°p-∂n-√. BIm-i-ß-fnepw `qan-bn-ep-ap-≈- \oßn-t∏m-ImsX ]nSn-®p-\n¿Øp-∂p. Ah-sb-ßm\pw \oßn-t∏m-
sX√mw Ah-t‚-Xm-Wv. Ahs‚ A\p-hm-Z-an-√msX Ah-s‚-b-SpØv bm¬ Ah-\-√msX B¿°pw Ahsb ]nSn-®p-\n¿Øm≥ km[y-am-
ip]m¿i- sN-øp-∂-h≥ Bcp≠v? Ah-cpsS ap∂n-ep-≈Xpw ]n∂n- IpI-bn-√'' (hn.-Jp. 35:41). BI¿j-W-i-‡n-sb-]-‰nbpw {]Ir-Xn-sb-
ep-≈Xpw Ah\v Adn-bmw. Ahs‚ Adn-hn¬ \n∂v Ah≥ Dt±- ∏- ‰ n- b p- s a√mw ]e kn≤m- ¥ - ß fpw \ap°v Bhn- j v I - c n- ° mw.
in-®-X-√msX Ah¿ bmsXm∂pw Adn-bp-∂n-√. Ahs‚ knwlm- ]t£, Ah-km\ hni-I-e-\-Øn¬ F√m hkvXp-°fpw GI-\mb
k\w BIm-i-`q-an-Isf Dƒs°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Ah-bpsS kwc- {kjvSm-hn-te°v hnc¬Nq-≠p∂p. Hcp hkvXp-hn\pw kzbw \ne-
£Ww Ah\v `mc-a-√. Ah≥ AXyp-∂-X\pw al-Xz-ta-dn-b-h-\p- hn¬h- c mt\m \ne- \ n¬°mt\m km[y- a - √ . G‰hpw sNdn- b Xv
am- I p- ∂ p.'' (hn.- J p. 2:255) apX¬ G‰hpw hen-bXv hsc-bp≈ F√m hkvXp-°ƒ°pw Hcp
ssZhsØ tIhew Hcp "i‡n'-bmbn Ah-X-cn-∏n-°pI ]Xn- "d∫v' (kr-jvSn®v ]cn-]m-en®v e£y-Øn-te°v hf¿Øn-s°m-≠p-h-
hp-≠v. "\n¿KpW ]c-amflm' F∂v ]d-bpw-t]mse bmsXmcp KpW- cp∂ \mY≥) IqSmsX \ne-hn¬h-cmt\m \ne-\n¬°mt\m km-[y-
ßfp-an-√mØ A‘-amb Hcp i‡n-bmWv ssZhw F∂v A\p-am- a√ Xs∂. a\p-jy¿°v A‰w ImWm≥ Ign-bmØ Cu Zriy-{]-]-
\n- ° p- ∂ - h ¿°v Ahs\ `b- s ∏- t S≠Xn√. Ah¿ Ah- t \- ° mƒ ©-Øn-s‚bpw AXn-\-∏p-d-ap-≈-Xn-s‚-bp-sa-√mw {kjvSmhpw ]cn-]m-
Db¿∂- h - c m- W v . Ah¿°v hy‡n- X z- a p- ≠ v . Poh- \ p- ≠ v . e-I-\p-amb A√m-lp-hns‚ Adn-hn¬ \n∂pw Ign-hn¬ \n∂pw \nb-
KpWßfp≠v. Nncn°p-hm\pw a\- n-em-°p-hm-\p-ap≈ Ign-hp-I- {¥-W-Øn¬ \n∂pw Hcp ]c-am-Wpthm AXnepw \n m-c-am-b-Xp-
fp-≠v. hnImc hnNm-c-ß-fp-≠v. F∂m¬ Ah-cpsS k¶-ev]-Øn¬ t]m-eptam Hgn-hmbn-t∏m-hp-I-bp-an-√.
ssZhw Poh- \ n- √ mØ, hnIm- c - h n- N m- c - ß - f n- √ mØ _p≤nbpw "A√m-lp-hns‚ knwlm-k\w BIm-i-ß-sfbpw `qan-sbbpw
hn⁄m-\-hp-an-√m-Ø, A‘-amb Hcp \n¿Kp-W-i‡n am{X-amWv. Dƒs°m-≈p∂p'sh∂v ]d-™Xv Ahs‚ A[n-Im-c-hym-]vXnsb
At∏mƒ a\p-jy≥ ssZh-sØ-°mƒ Db¿∂ \ne-bn-em-Wv! a\p- Ipdn-°p-∂p. Cu temI-Øns‚ {kjvSm-sh∂ t]mse AXns‚
jys‚ Al-¥bv°v t]mjWw \evIp∂ Hcp ssZh-k-¶-ev]-am- \nb-¥mhpw Ah≥ Xs∂. krjvSn-°p-∂Xv Hcp ssZhhpw kwc-
Wn-Xv. £n-°p-∂Xv thsdmcp ssZhhpw kwl-cn-°p-∂Xv as‰mcp ssZh-
F∂m¬ ]cn-ip≤ Jp¿-B≥ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp∂ ssZhw ˛A-
√mlp ˛ Xo¿Øpw hyXy-kvX-\m-Wv. ""Poh-\p-≈-h≥, Hcn-°epw acn-
A√mlp 20 21 A√mlp
hp-a-√, AØcw sX‰n-≤m-c-WIƒ Zqco-I-cn-°m-\mWv "Ah-bpsS ∂p. ÿe-Ime]cn-[n-Iƒ°v AXo-X-\mb A√mlp \n߃ Fhn-
kwc- £ Ww Ah\v `mc- a √' F∂v ]d- ™ - X v . hyXykv X ssZh- sS-bm-bmepw \nß-fpsS IqsS-bp-≠p-Xm-\pw. `qan-bpsS A¥¿`m-
ß-fpsS \nb-{¥-W-Øn-emWv Cu A\-¥-tImSn tKmf-߃ \oßp- KtØm BIm- i - ß - f psS hnZq- c - X - b ntem bmsXm∂pw Ahs‚
∂- s X- ¶ n¬ Acm- P - I Xzw sIm≠v Ah Ft∂m \in- ® p- I - g n- ™ n- Adnhpw Ignhpw he-bw -sN-øm-Ø-Xm-bn-´n-√.
´p-≠m-hpw. ssZh-߃ XΩn-ep≈ a’-c-ßfpw A[n-Im-c-h-Sw-h- Cu {]]- © - Ø n\v Hcp XpS- ° - a p- ≠ v . AXv A\m- Z n- b - √ .
enbpw temI- Ø ns‚ \mi- Ø n¬ Iem- i n- ® n- c n- ° pw. ""Ah- b n¬ BcpsS Iev]\ {]Imcw {]]©w \ne-hn¬ht∂m B {kjvSm-
A√m- l p- h n\v ]pdsa ssZh- ß - f p- ≠ m- b n- c p- ∂ p- s h- ¶ n¬ Ah hmWv A\m-Zn-bm-bp-≈-h≥. F√mw \iz-c-am-Wv, Ah≥ am{X-amWv
XI¿∂n-´p-≠m-hpw'' (hn.-Jp. 21:22) F∂ Jp¿-B≥ hN\w ssZh- A\-iz-c≥. Ahs‚ ZrjvSm-¥-ß-fn¬ IqSn Ah≥ {]Xy-£-\m-
Øns‚ GIXzw sXfn-bn-°p∂ bp‡n-]-c-amb ka¿Y-\-am-Wv. Wv. bYm¿Y-Øn¬ AZr-iy-\p-am-Wv. AZr-iy-\mb B {kjvSm-hv,
{]]- © - ] - c n- ] m- e - I - \ mb A√m- l p, Ah≥ am{X- a mWv ssZhw.
krjvSn-bn ebn-¨n-«nà Ah≥ am{X-amWv Bcm-[y≥. Ahs\ t\¿°p-t\sc, bmsXmcp
""BIm- i - ß - f nepw `qan- b n- e p- a p- ≈ - s X√mw Ahs‚ ]cn- i p- CS-bm-f-cp-an-√m-sX, bmsXmcp {]Xo-I-hp-an-√msX Bcm-[n-°p-I.
≤nsb {]Io¿Ø-\w-sN-øp-∂p. Ah≥ {]Xm-]-im-enbpw AKm-[- ""cmhpw ]Iepw kqcy\pw N{μ\pw Ahs‚ Zrjv S m- ¥ - ß - f n¬
⁄-\p-a-s{X. BIm-i-ß-fn-sebpw `qan-bn-sebpw ]cam[n-]-Xyw s]´- X m- W v . kqcy\pw N{μ\pw \n߃ kmjv S mwKw sNø- c p- X v .
A-h-\p-≈-Xm-Wv. Ah≥ Pohn-∏n-°p-Ibpw acn-∏n-°p-Ibpw sNøp- Ahsb krjv S n® A√m- l p- h n\v am{Xw kmjv S mw- K w- sN- ø p- I .
∂p. Ah≥ F√m-‰n\pw Ign-hp-≈-h-\m-Wv. Ah-\mWv BZn-a≥. \n߃ Ah-s\-bmWv Bcm-[n-°p-∂-sX-¶n¬.'' (hn.-Jp¿B≥)
Ah-\mWv A¥n-a≥. {]Xy-£\pw ]tcm-£-\p-am-b-h-\pw- A-h≥
Xs∂. Ah≥ F√m Imcy-ßfpw ]q¿W-ambn Adn-bp-∂-h-\m-Wv.'' ]nXm- h - Ã , ]p{X- \ p- a Ã
(hn.-Jp. 57:1˛3) ssZhsØ ]nXm-hmbpw ]p{X-\mbpw k¶-ev]n-°p-∂-Xns\
{kjvSm-hmb A√m-lp-hns‚ kØ Ahs‚ krjvSn-I-fn¬ Jp¿-B≥ \nin-X-ambn FXn¿Øn-´p-≠v. Jp¿-B-\nse Hcp sNdnb
\n∂v thdn-´p-\n¬°p-∂p. krjvSn-bn¬ ebn®v hnap-‡-\m-Im≥ A[ymbØnse Bibw ChnsS ]I¿Øp∂p: ""{]Jym-]n-°p-I,
km[n- ° m- Ø , k¿h- X nepw hym]n- ® p- I n- S - ° p∂ Hcp A‘- a mb Ah≥ A√m-lp-hm-Wv. GI-\m-Wv. A√mlp AJn-e-Øn\pw B{k-
i‡n-bmbn am{Xw ssZhsØ k¶-ev]n-°p-∂Xv ssZhsØ \ntj- bhpw ]cm-{i-b-an-√m-Ø-h-\p-am-Ip-∂p. Ah≥ P\n-∏n-®n-´n-√. Ah≥
[n-°p-∂-Xn\v Xpey-am-Wv. `uXn-I-hm-Zn-Iƒ {]Ir-Xn-sb∂v ]d-bp- PmX- \ p- a - √ . Ah\v Xpey- a mbn bmsXm- ∂ p- a n- √ .'' (hn.- J p. 112˛mw
tºmƒ Dt±- i n- ° p- ∂ Xpw AssZz- X °m- c psS ssZhhpw XΩn¬ A[ym-bw)
henb hyXym- k - s am- ∂ p- a n- √ . ]t£, Ah- c psS Cu k¶ev ] w A√m-lp-hns‚ \nkvXp-e-Xbpw GI-Xzhpw Ahs‚ kØ-
hmkvX-h-Øn¬ _lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[-\-bn-te°v Ahsc FØn-°p- bnepw KpW- ß - f nepw Bkv X n- I y- Ø nepw {]h¿Ø- \ - ß - f nepw
∂p. F√m hkv X p- ° - f nepw ssZhn- I mwiw IpSn- s Im- ≈ p- ∂ p- F√mw _m[- I - a m- W v . Ah\v Hcp k¥m- \ - h p- a n- √ . Ah≥ Bcp-
sh∂pw AXp-sIm-≠v F¥ns\ Bcm-[n-®mepw AsX√mw ssZh- sSbpw k¥m-\-hp-a-√. k¥m-\-Øn\v ]nXm-hns‚ KpW-ßfpw Ign-
Øn-\p≈ Bcm-[-\-bm-sW∂pw Ah-cn¬ Nne¿ hmZn-°p-∂p. hp-Ifpw Gsd-°p-sd-bp-≠mbn-cn-°pw. Nne-t∏mƒ Nne hnj-b-ß-
A√mlp Ahs‚ krjvSn-I-fn¬ ebn®v hym]n-®p-In-S-°p-I- fn¬ ]nXm-hn-s\-°mƒ Ign-hp-Iƒ D≠m-tb-°pw. Bscbpw A√m-
b- √ , Ahs‚ kØ krjv S - b n¬ \n∂v thdn- ´ p- \ n¬°p- ∂ p. lp-hns‚ "]p{X≥' F∂v Hcp Ae-¶m-c-cq-]-Øn¬ t]mepw hnti-
]t£, Ahs‚ Adnhpw Ignhpw F√m-‰n-s\bpw Nqgv∂p-\n¬°p- jn-∏n-°p-hm≥ ]cn-ip≤ Jp¿-B≥ A\p-h-Zn-°p-∂n-√. ""Ah¿ ]d-
A√mlp 22 23 A√mlp
bp∂p, ]c-a-Im-cp-Wn-Is‚ Hcp ]p{Xs\ ssIs°m-≠n-´p-s≠-∂v, sX√mw Ah-t‚-Xm-Wv. F√mw Ah\v Iogvs∏-´-Xm-Wv. BIm-i-ß-
BIm-i-߃ s]m´n-∏n-f-cp-Ibpw `qan ]nf-cp-Ibpw ]¿h-X-߃ sfbpw `qan-sbbpw ap≥ amXr-I-bn-√msX krjvSn-®-h≥. Ah≥
XI¿∂v hogp-Ibpw sNøp-am-dp≈ Hcp alm-]m-X-I-amWv \n߃ Hcp hn[n- ® m¬ "D≠m- h pI' F∂Xv AXn- t \mSv Ah≥ ]d- b pI
sNbv X n- ´ p- ≈ - X v ; ]c- a - I m- c p- W n- I \v Hcp k¥m- \ sØ Btcm- ] n- am{Xw aXn. At∏mƒ AXp-≠m-Ip-∂p.'' (hn.-Jp. 2:116,117)
°pI hgn. k¥m- \ sØ kzoI- c n- ° pI ]c- a - I m- c p- W n- I \v `qj-
W-a-√. BIm-i-`q-an-I-fn-ep≈ Ghcpw ]c-a-Im-cp-Wn-Is‚ ASp-
]c-a-Im-cp-Wn-I\pw Icp-Wm-\n-[nbpw
°¬ Hcp Zmk-\mbn hcm-Xn-cn-°n-√.'' (hn.-Jp. 19:88˛93) ""Ah-\s{X A√m-lp, Ah-\-√msX Hcp ssZh-hp-an-√. AZr-
]cn-ip≤ Jp¿-Bs‚ Ah-c-tWm-t±-iy-ß-fn¬ H∂v "ssZh- iy-sØbpw Zriy-sØbpw Adn-bp-∂-h≥. Ah≥ ]c-a-Im-cp-Wn-
]p-{Xm'-tcm-]Ww \S-Øn-b-h¿°v ap∂-dn-bn∏v sImSp-°-em-Wv. Jp¿- I\pw Icp-Wm-\n-[n-bp-am-Wv.'' (hn.-Jp. 59:22)
B- \ ns‚ Ah- X - c - t Wm- t ±- i y- s Ø- ∏ ‰n A√mlp ]d- b p∂p: km£m¬ ssZhw DØ-a-amb At\I \ma-ß-fn¬ Adn-b-s∏-
""A√mlp Hcp aIs\ ssIs°m≠p F∂p ]d-bp-∂-h¿°v ap∂- Sp-∂p. B \ma-߃ Ahs‚ KpW-ßsf {]Xn-\n-[m-\w -sN-øp-∂p.
dn-bn∏v sImSp-°m≥ th≠nbpw AXn-s\-°p-dn®v Ah¿°v Hc-dn- B \ma-ßsf hyXykvX ssZh-ß-fmbn k¶-ev]n-°p∂ `oa-am-sbm-
hp-an-√. Ah-cpsS ]nXm-°ƒ°p-an-√. Ah-cpsS hmb-bn¬ \n∂v c- _ ≤w ]e kap- Z m- b - ß - f n- e p- a p- ≠ v . Jp¿- B - \ n¬ G‰- h p- a - [ nIw
]pd-s∏-Sp∂ hm°v alm-]m-XIw Xs∂. Ah≥ Ak-Xy-a-√msX Bh¿Øn- ° - s ∏´ c≠v ]cn- i p≤ \ma- ß fmWv "dlv a m- \ pw'
]d-bp-∂n-√.'' (hn.-Jp. 18:4,5) "dloapw.' ]c-a-Im-cp-Wn-I\pw Icp-Wm-\n-[n-bpw.
Hcp Ae-¶m-c-cq-]-Øn¬ t]mepw ]d-bm≥ ]mSn-√mØ Hcp ]cn-ip≤ Jp¿-B-\n¬ "A¿d-lvam≥' F∂ Hc-[ymbw Xs∂-
{]tbm-K-amWv "ssZh-]p-{X≥' F∂-Xv. krjvSn-I-fn¬ F{X hen-b- bp-≠v. AXv XpS-ßp-∂-Xn-ß-s\-bmWv: ""]c-a-Im-cp-Wn-I≥. Ah≥
h-cm-bmepw A√m-lp-hns‚ Zmk≥ F∂ \ne-bn-e-√msX AXn-∂- Jp¿-B≥ ]Tn-∏n-®p. a\p-jys\ krjvSn-®p. kwkmcw ]Tn-∏n-®p.''
∏p-d-ap≈ Hcp _‘w A√m-lp-hn-t\mSv D≠m-bn-cn-°p-hm≥ ]‰p-I- Ahs‚ A]m- c - a mb Imcp- W yw- s Im- ≠ mWv Ah≥ a\p- j ysc
bn-√. A√m-lp-hns‚ Iev]\ {]Imcw \ne-hn¬ h-cn-Ibpw \ne- krjvSn-®Xpw Ah¿°v Bi-b-hn-\n-abw sNøm-\p≈ Ignhv \evIn-
\n¬°p-Ibpw Ahs‚ Iev]-\-{]-Imcw \in-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. bXpw Ah¿°v t\¿am¿Kw ImWn-®p-sIm-Sp-°m-h≥ {]mhm-N-I-
A√mlp- h ns‚ krjv S nsb Ahs‚ ]p{X- \ mbn Btcm- ] n- ® p- I q- ∑msc \ntbm-Kn-®Xpw {KŸ-߃ Ah-X-cn-∏n-®Xpw A¥n-a-ambn
SmØXmWv . ]p{X\v ]nXm- h ns‚ ta¬ kzm[o- \ hpw Ah- I m- i - ]cn- i p≤ Jp¿- B ≥ Ah- X - c n- ∏ n- ® - X p- s a- √ mw. Ahs‚ A\p- { K-
ßfpw Nne-t∏mƒ A[n-Im-c-hp-ap-≠m-bn-cn-°pw. ]nXm-hns\ hn{i- lsØ FÆn- ° - W - ° m≥ km[y- a - √ . Icp- W - b psS Dd- h n- S - a mb
an- ° p- h m≥ hn´v ]q¿W- a mb A[n- I m- c hpw \nb- { ¥- W hpw Ahs‚ Icp-W-bpsS Hcp iX-am\w am{X-amWv temI-Øp≈ F√m
ssItb¬°m\pw ]p{X\v km[n-°pw. A√m-lp-hn\v Xpey-s\tbm Imcp-Wy-Øn-s‚bpw ASn-ÿ-m\w F∂s{X \_n(-k) hni-Zo-I-
AXnepw D]- c n- b m- b - h - s \tbm Btcm- ] n- ° - e mWv ssZh- ] p{X cn-®n-´p-≈-Xv.
k¶ev]w sIm≠p-≠m-bn-Øo-cp-∂-Xv. A√m-lp-hns‚ ]cn-ip-≤n°pw ]c-a-Im-cp-Wn-I≥ a\p-jy-cpsS ]m]-߃ s]mdp-°p-hm\pw
\nkvXp-e-Xbv°pw GI-Xz-Øn\pw H´pw tbmPn-°mØ "ssZh-]p- Ah-cp-sS ]›m-Øm]w kzoI-cn®v Ahsc A\p-{K-ln-°p-hm\pw
{X≥' F∂ k¶-ev]sØ ]cn-ip≤ Jp¿-B≥ hfsc i‡n-bmbn kZm k∂-≤-\mbn \n¬°p-∂p. apl-Ω-Zv\-_n(-k)-bpsS ImeØv
Xnc-kvI-cn-°p-∂p. Bh¿Øn-®m-h¿Øn®v hna¿in-°p-∂p. a°-bnse _lp-ssZ-hm-cm-[-I¿ A√m-lp-hn¬ hniz-kn-®n-cp-∂p.
""Ah¿ ]d-bp∂p, A√mlp Hcp ]p{Xs\ hcn-®n-cn-°p-∂p-sh- ]t£, A√m- l p- h ns‚ Cu hnti- j - W sØ ˛]c- a - I m- c p- W n- I ≥
∂v . Ah≥ F{X ]cn- i p- ≤ ≥! BIm- i - ß - f nepw `qan- b n- e p- a p- ≈ - F∂ \ma-sØ˛ kzo-I-cn-°p-hm≥ Ah¿ Iq´m-°n-bn-√. ImcWw
A√mlp ]c-a-Im-cp-Wn-I-\m-sW-¶n¬ ]ns∂ A√m-lp-hn\v ]pdsa
A√mlp 24 25 A√mlp
Ah¿ hnfn-®p- {]m¿Yn-°p-Ibpw Bcm-[n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXn-cp∂ ]m]n Xncn-®p-h-cp-tºmƒ A√m-lp-hn-∂p-≠m-Ip∂ kt¥m-jm-
CS-bm-f-∑m-scm∂pw Bh-iy-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√-t√m. Ah¿ [cn-®n-cp- [nIyw F¥p-am-{X-am-sW∂v A\p-bm-bn-Iƒ°v Hcn-°¬ \_n(k)
∂- X v , ]m]n- I - f m- b n- c p∂ Ah- t cmSv A√m- l p- h n\v AXn- b mb hni-Zo-I-cn®v sImSp-Ø-Xn-ß-s\-bmWv: acp-`q-an-bn¬ Hcp ac-Ø-
shdp∏pw tZjyhpw BsW∂pw Hcn- ° epw Ah- t cmSv Ah≥ W- e n¬ hn{i- a n- ° p∂ Hcp ]Yn- I ≥ \n{Z- b n- e m- ≠ p- t ]m- I p∂p.
ImcpWyw ImWn- ° p- I - b n- s √∂pambn- c p- ∂ p. F∂m¬ A√mlp DW¿∂-t∏mƒ Xs‚ H´-IsØ ImWp-∂n√. AXns‚ ]pd-ØmWv
{]Jym-]n-°p-∂Xv t\m°pI: ""]d-bpI: Xß-fpsS Bflm-°-tfmSv Abm- f psS Blm- c - ] m- \ o- b - ß fpw a‰p km[- \ - ß fpw. A‰w
AXn{Iaw {]h¿Øn® Fs‚ ASn-a-I-tf, A√m-lp-hns‚ Imcp- ImWmØ acp-`q-an-bn¬ Zml-Pew t]mepw \jv S - s ∏´v Xm≥ H‰-
Wy-sØ-°pdn®v \n߃ \ncm-i-s∏-S-cp-tX. \n›-b-ambpw A√mlp s∏- ´ - X n¬ ]cn- { `m- ¥ - \ mbn Abmƒ hnh- i - \ mbn Ign- b p- t ºmƒ
F√m ]m]- ß fpw s]mdp- Ø p- sIm- S p- ° p- ∂ - h \pw Icp- W m- \ n- [ n- Abm- f psS apºn- e nXm B H´Iw {]Xy- £ - s ∏- S p∂p. `£-
bpamWv . \nß- f psS c£n- X m- h n- ¶ - t e°v ]›m- Ø - ] n®v aS- ß p- Whpw sh≈-hp-sa√mw AXns‚ ]pd-Øp≠v. kt¥m-j-
Ibpw Ah-\mbn A¿∏Ww \S-Øp-Ibpw sNøp-hn≥. \n߃°v Øm¬ aXn- a - d ∂v Abmƒ ssZhsØ kv X pXn- ® Xv t\sc Xe
in£ hcp-∂-Xn\v apºv. ]ns∂ \n߃ klm-bn-°-s∏-Sp-I-bn-√.'' X n c n - ™ m - b n - c p ∂ p . "" s s Z h t a , \ o F s ‚ Z m k ≥ . R m ≥
(hn.-Jp. 39:53) \ns‚ bP- a m- \ ≥.'' \jv S - s ∏´ Xs‚ H´- I sØ Xncn- ® p- I n- ´ n- b -
"BcmWv A√m-lp-h-√msX ]m]-߃ s]mdp-°p-hm≥' F∂ t∏mƒ Abmƒ°p- ≠ mb kt¥m- j - s a- { Xtbm AXn- t \- ° mƒ
A√m- l p- h ns‚ tNmZyw GXv ]m]n- b mb a\p- j y\pw Bibpw F{Xtbm Cc-´n-bmWv ]m]n-bmb Zmk≥ ]›m-Ø-]n-°p-tºmƒ
Bizm-khpw \evIp∂p. ]›m-Ø-]n-°p-∂-hsc Ah≥ CjvS-s∏- A√m-lp-hn-∂p-≠m-Ip∂ kt¥mjw.
Sp∂p. ]m]w s]mdp-°p-∂Xv Ah\v CjvS-amWv. ]c-a-Im-cp-Wn-I\pw hnip≤ Jp¿-B\pw AXns‚ B[n-Im-cnI hymJym-Xm-hmb
Icp-Wm-\n-[n-bp-amb A√mlp Ip‰-t_m-[hpw ]›m-Øm-]-hp-ap≈ \_nbpw A√m-lp-hns‚ Imcp-Wym-Xn-tc-I-sØbpw ]m]n-Iƒ°v
GXv Zmk-s‚bpw GXv ]m]hpw s]mdp-Øp-sIm-Sp°pw. AXn\v Ah≥ sNøp∂ am∏n-s\bpw Bh¿Øn-®m-h¿Øn®v ]Tn-∏n-°p-
a‰m-cp-sSbpw ip]m¿i th≠, am[yÿw th≠. Hcm-fpsS ]m]- ∂p≠v. ]c-a-Im-cp-Wn-I≥, Icp-Wm-\n[n, s]mdp-°p-∂-h≥, am∏v
^ew as‰m-cm-f-\p-`-hn-t°-≠n-h-cnI F∂ A\oXn ssZh-Øn¬ sNøp-∂-h≥, hn´p-hogvN sNøp-∂-h≥, kuay≥, hnim-e≥, DZm-
\n∂v Hcn-°-ep-ap-≠m-hn√. ssZh-Øns‚ apºn-e-√msX as‰m-cm-fp- c≥ F∂n-ßs\ ]c-iXw ÿe-ß-fn¬ hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ A√m-
sSbpw apºn¬ G‰p-]-d-tb-≠-Xp-an√; ]d-™n´v Imcy-hp-an√. ]nXm- lp- h ns\ hnti- j n- ∏ n- ° p∂p. GXv \√ Imcyw sNøp- t ºmgpw
hns‚ ]m]w ]p{X-s\tbm ]p{Xs‚ ]m]w ]nXm-hn-s\tbm _m[n- apkv e nw- I ƒ "_nkv a n' sNm√n- s °m≠v XpS- ß p∂p. Aßs\
°n-√N a\p-jy-]n-Xm-hns‚ ]m]-^ew a\p-jy-Ipew apgp-h≥ Npa- sNøm≥ Ah¿°v \_n(k)bpsS \n¿tZ-i-ap≠v. ]c-a-Im-cp-Wn-
t°- ≠ - X m- s W∂ XXzsØ Ckv e mw i‡n- b p‡w X≈n- ° - f - I\pw Icp-Wm-\n-[n-bp-amb A√m-lp-hns‚ \ma-Øn¬ F∂-XmWv
bp∂p. a\p-jy-cpsS ]m]-]-cn-lm-cm¿Yw ssZhw a\p-jy-\m-b-h- _nkvan. A√m-lp-hns‚ A\p-]-ahpw Af-h-‰-Xp-amb IcpW am{X-
X- c n®v kzbw _en- b m- S m- t h- ≠ p∂ Hcm- h - i y- h p- a n√. ]m]n- b psS amWv a\p-jy\v B{ibw. B kvt\l-hmbv]pw Imcp-Wyhpw ]nXm-
a\ v ip≤-am-bn-Øo-cp-Ibpw Ah\v Xs‚ ]m]sØ kw_-‘n- hn-s‚bpw amXm-hn-s‚bpw kvt\l-sØ-°mfpw At\Iw tImSn
®n- S - t Ømfw Bflm¿Y- a mb tJZ- a p- ≠ m- h p- I bpw Xm≥ AXm- aS-ßmWv.
h¿Øn-°n-s√∂v {]Xn⁄ sNøp-Ibpw sNbvXm¬ Xs∂, a\p-
jy- a - \ -   ns‚ teme- a mb Ne- \ - ß ƒ t]mep- a - d n- b m≥ Ign- b p- ∂ - IÀa- ^ ew
h\pw Imcp-Wn-I-\p-amb ssZhw ]m]w s]mdp-Øp-sIm-Sp°pw. F∂m¬ \∑- s bbpw Xn∑- s bbpw kXy- s Øbpw Ak- X y-
A√mlp 26 27 A√mlp
sØbpw \oXn- s bbpw A\o- X n- s bbpw [¿a- s Øbpw A[¿a-
sØbpw A√m- l p- h ns‚ ImcpWyw Xpey- a m- ° n- Ø o¿°p- s a∂v
C\n \ap¡v Nn´n-¡pI
[cn-°-cpXv. \∑°v \√ {]Xn-^-ehpw Xn∑bv°v AXn-\-\p-k-cn®v temI- Ø ns‚ {kjv S mhpw kwc- £ - I \pw GI- \ mWv .
in£bpw D≠m-bn-cn-°p-I-sb-∂Xv [m¿anI kZm-Nm-c-aq-ey-߃ Ahs‚ am{Xw \nb-{¥-W-Øn-emWv Imcy-ß-sf√mw. Ah≥ F√m-
A¿Y- h - Ø m- I - W - s a- ¶ n¬ AXym- h - i y- a mWv . ""BIm- i - ß - f n- e p- bv t ∏mgpw ZØ- { i- ≤ - \ mWv . Ah≥ Dd- ° hpw ab- ° - h p- a n- √ msX
≈Xpw `qan-bn-ep-≈Xpw A√m-lp-hn-t‚-XmWv. Xn∑ sNøp-∂-h¿°v \nXm-¥-Pm-{KX ]pe¿Øp∂p. GXv Iqcn-cp-fnepw temI-Øns‚
Ah¿ {]h¿Øn- ® - X - \ p- k - c n®v {]Xn- ^ ew \ev I p- ∂ - X n\pw, \∑ GXv tImWnepw \S- ° p∂ \n m- c - a mb N\- e - ß ƒ t]mepw
sNøp-∂-h¿°v G‰hpw \√-Xp-sIm≠v Ah≥ {]Xn-^ew \evIp-∂- ImWp-Ibpw tIƒ°p-Ibpw Adn-bp-Ibpw sNøp∂p. Imcy-߃
Xn\pw th≠n.'' (hn.Jp. 53:31) sXcy- s ∏- S p- Ø m≥ Ah- s \mcp ip]m¿i- I t\m D]- t Z- j v S mthm
in£bpw c£bpw \evIp∂ Xocp-am\w Imcp-Wy-hm-\p-amb th≠. ip]m¿i-Iƒ sIm≠v kzm[o-\n-°-s∏-Sp-∂-h-\p-a√ Ah≥.
A√mlp Ahs‚ alm- Im-cpWyw aqew a\p-jy-sc-sb√mw ac-Wm- Xs∂-bp-a√ Ah≥ krjvSn-I-tfmSv AXn-c‰ Zbbpw Imcp-Wy-ap-
\- ¥ cw Ah- k m- \ - \ m- f n¬ Dbn¿sØ- g p- t ∂- e v ] n°pw. a\p- j y\v ≈-h≥. temI-Øn-em¿°pw Ahs‚ Imcp-Wy-Øn-s‚bpw Ir]-
Ah≥ A\- i z- c - a mb Hcm- fl m- h mWv {]Zm- \ w - s N- b v X n- ´ p- ≈ Xv . bp-sSbpw t\cnb Hcwiw t]mep-an√.
F√mw \in-®-tijw Ah-km-\-\m-fn¬ Ahs‚ Iev]-\-bp-≠m- Aß-s\-bp≈ PK-∂n-b-¥m-hn-t\mSv t\cn´v {]m¿Yn-°msX,
Ip- t ºmƒ, BZy a\p- j y≥ sXm´v Ah- k m\ a\p- j y≥ hsc, CSbv°v ip]m¿i-I-sc-bm-°p-∂Xv Ahs\ Ahn-iz-kn-°-et√?
Hcmfpw hn´p- t ]m- I msX `qan- b n¬ \n∂v PU- t ØmSp IqSn Ahs‚ kvt\l-sØbpw Imcp-Wy-sØbpw kw_-‘n® Ah-a-Xn-
Dbn¿sØ- g p- t ∂- e v ] n- ° - s ∏Spw. A√m- l p- h ns‚ Ign- h n- s \- b mWv ∏t√? Ahs\ {Iqc\pw ITn-\\pw `oI-c-\p-ambn IW-°m-°p-∂-Xp-
ssZh-hn-izm-kn-Iƒ Xs∂ hen-sbmcp hn`mKw \ntj-[n-°p-∂Xv. sIm-≠t√? km[m-cW a\p-jy¿°v ]cn-Nn-X-cmb cmPm-°-∑m-sc-
]cn-ip≤ Jp¿-B≥ hfsc i‡n-bmbn a\p-jysc DZvt_m-[n- t∏m-setbm A[n-Im-cn-I-sf-t∏m-setbm Ahs\ a\- n-em-°n-b-Xp-
∏n-°p-∂Xv A√mlp Xo¿®-bmbpw a\p-jysc ac-Wm-\-¥cw PU- sIm-≠t√? ""A√m-lpsh IW-°m-t°≠ t]mse Ah¿ IW-°m-
tØm-Sp-IqSn Dbn¿sØ-gp-t∂-ev]n-°p-Ibpw Ah-sc-sb√mw ]c-tem- °n-bn-´n√'' (hn.Jp. 6:92) F∂v Jp¿-B≥ Ip‰-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂Xv F{X
IØv Hcp-an-®p-Iq´n Ah-cpsS I¿a-߃°-\p-k-cn®v {]Xn-^ew kXyw!
\evIp-Ibpw sNøpw F∂ Imcy-amWv. Xmsg ]d- b p∂ hN- \ - ß ƒ {i≤n- ° pI: ""Fs‚ Zmk- ∑ m¿
""A√mlp A√mXp thsd Hcp ssZh-hp-an√. Xo¿®-bmbpw Fs∂ kw_-‘n®v \nt∂mSv tNmZn-°p∂ ]£w, Rm≥ kao-]-
\nßsf Ah-km-\-\m-fn¬ Hcp-an-®p-Iq´pw. AXn¬ bmsXmcp kwi- ÿ- \ mWv {]m¿Yn- ° p- ∂ - h s‚ {]m¿Y\ Ah- s \- t ∂mSv {]m¿Yn-
b-hp-an√. BcmWv A√m-lp-sh-°mƒ h¿Ø-am-\-Øn¬ IqSp-X¬ °p∂ ]£w Rm≥ kzoI- c n°pw. AXp- s Im≠v Ah- s c- t ∂mSv
kXyw ]pe¿Øp-∂-h≥?'' (hn.Jp. 4:87). Cßs\ a\p-jy-scbpw tNmZn- ° s´. Ah- s c- ∂ n¬ hniz- k n- ° s´. Ah¿ hnth- I n- I - f m-
Pn∂p-I-sfbpw ]c-tem-I-Øv Hcp-an-®p-Iq´n \∑bv°v \∑-sIm≠pw tb°mw.'' (hn.Jp. 2:186)
Xn∑bv°v AXn-\-\p-k-cn®pw {]Xn-^ew \evIpw. \∑-bpsS {]Xn- ""kXy- a mbpw a\p- j ys\ \mw krjv S n®p. Ahs‚ a\ v
^ew At\-I-an-c-´nbpw a\p-jy≥ `mh-\-bn¬ Z¿in-°p-∂-Xn-s\- a{¥n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xv \ma-dn-bp∂p. \mw Poh-\m-Un-sb-°mƒ
°m-sf√mw al-Øp-am-bn-cn°pw. Ah- t \m- S - S p- Ø - h - \ m- I p∂p.'' (hn.Jp. 50:16)
""Ah¿°v D]-{Z-htam D]-Im-ctam sNøm-Ø-hsb A√m-lp-
hn\v ]pdsa Ah¿ Bcm-[n-°p-Ibpw Ch¿ A√m-lp-hns‚ ASp-
°¬ Rß- f psS ip]m¿i- I - c m- s W∂v ]d- b p- I bpw sNøp∂p.
A√mlp 28 29 A√mlp
tNmZn°q, BIm-i-`q-an-I-fn¬ ssZh-Øn\v Adn-™p-Iq-SmØ hnh- tNmZn-°pI; tl Ahn-th-In-Itf, A√m-lp-h-√m-Ø-hsc Bcm-
c- ß ƒ Ah\v \n߃ ]d- ™ p- s Im- S p- ° p- I - b mtWm?'' (hn.Jp. [n- ° - W - s a- ∂ mtWm \nß- s f- t ∂mSv ]d- b p- ∂ Xv ? Xm≥ ]¶p-
10:18) tN¿°p∂ ]£w Xs‚ k¬°¿a- ß ƒ \njv ^ - e - a m- b n- t ∏m- I p-
km£m¬ ssZh- Ø n- t e°v a[y- ÿ - ∑ msc kzoI- c n- ° p- ∂ - ∂Xpw Xm≥ \jvS-°m-cn¬ s]´-h-\m-bn-Øo-cp-sa-∂-Xp-am-sW∂v
Xn\v ]pdsa a‰p ssZh-ß-tfmSv {]m¿Yn-°p-Ibpw ]qPn-°p-Ibpw \n\°pw \ns‚ apºp-≈-h¿°pw t_m[\w e`n-®n-´p≠v. F∂√,
sNøp-∂Xv ta¬ ]d-™-Xn-t\-°mƒ henb A]-cm-[-amWv. A√m- A√m-lp-hns\ am{Xw Bcm-[n®v \o \μn-bp-≈-h-cn¬ s]´p-sIm-
lp-hns‚ KpW-߃ a‰p-≈-h-cn¬ Btcm-]n-°p-∂Xpw A√m-lp- ≈pI, A√m-lpsh IW-°m-t°≠ hn[w Ah¿ IW-°m-°n-bn-
hn-s\-b-√msX a‰p-≈-hsc {]m¿Yn-°p-∂-Xp-sa√mw GI-ssZ-h-hn- ´n√. `qan apgp- h ≥ Ah- k m- \ - \ m- f n¬ Ah\v Hcp ]nSn am{Xw.
izm-k-Øn\v hncp-≤-amWv, ssZh-Øn¬ ]¶p-tN¿°-emWv. "in¿°v' BIm- i - ß ƒ Ahs‚ he- X p- s sI- b n¬ Hcp Npcpƒ am{Xw.
F∂mWv AXn\v kmt¶- X n- I - { ]- t bmKw. {kjv S mhpw kwc- £ - Ah≥ AXn ]cn-ip-≤≥. Ah¿ ]¶p-tN¿°p-∂-Xn¬ \ns∂√mw
I\pw a‰pw a‰pw GI-ssZ-h-am-sW∂v hniz-kn-®-Xp-sImt≠m ]d- Ah≥ Db¿∂-h-\mWv.'' (hn.Jp. 39:62˛-67)
™- X p- s Imt≠m am{X- a m- b n√. AXn- \ - \ p- t bm- P y- a mbn {]m¿Y- \ - ""A√mlp Ah- \ n¬ ]¶p- t N¿°p- ∂ Xv s]mdp- ° p- I - b n√,
Ifpw Bcm-[-\-Ifpw hgn-]m-Sp-I-fp-sa√mw GI-ssZ-h-Øn\v Xs∂ Xo¿®. AX- √ m- Ø Xv Ah- \ p- t ±- i n- ° p- ∂ - h ¿°v s]mdp- Ø p- s Im-
A¿∏n-°Ww. A°m-cy-Øn-emWv GIv Ime-L-´-Øn-ep-ap≈ a\p- Sp°pw. Bsc-¶nepw A√m-lp-hn¬ ]¶p-tN¿°p-∂-Xm-bm¬ Ah≥
jy¿°v A_≤w ]nW- ™ n- c p- ∂ Xv . {kjv S mhpw kwc- £ - I \pw hºn® ]m]w kºm-Zn®p.'' (hn.Jp. 4:48)
kwlm- c - I - \ p- s a√mw A√mlp am{X- a m- s W∂v apl- Ω Zv A√m- l p- h ns‚ DØ- a - a mb \ma- ß - s fbpw KpW- ß - s fbpw
\_n(k)bpsS ImesØ a°m \nhm- k n- I fpw kΩ- X n- ® n- c p∂p. DZvtLm-jn-°p∂ GXm\pw Jp¿-B≥ hN-\-߃ D≤-cn-®p-sIm≠v
]t£, Bcm-[-\-Ifpw hgn-]m-Sp-Ifpw A√mlp A√m-Ø-h¿°pw Ah-km-\n-∏n-°s´:
Ah¿ A¿∏n-®p-t]m∂p. B "in¿°n's\bmWv hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ ""Ah-\s{X A√mlp. Ah-\-√msX Hcp ssZh-hp-an√. AZr-iy-
tNmZyw- sN-bvXn-´p-≈Xv. sØbpw Zriy-sØbpw Adn-bp-∂-h≥. Ah≥ ]c-a-Im-cp-Wn-I\pw
"in¿°n'¬ \n∂v hnap- ‡ - \ m- h msX Hcp hy‡n F{X \√ Icp-Wm-\n-[n-bp-as{X. Ah-\s{X A√mlp. Ah-\-√msX Hcp ssZh-
I¿a- ß ƒ sNbv X - X p- s Im≠pw kmaq- l y- t k- h \w sNbv X - X p- hp-an√. cmPmhv, AXn-]-hn-{X≥, kam-[m-\-Zm-Xmhv, A`bw \evIp-
sIm≠pw ^e-an√. a\p-jy¿ G‰-hp-a-[nIw IS-s∏-´n-´p-≈Xv Xs‚ ∂-h≥, ta¬t\m´w hln-°p-∂-h≥, AP-ø≥, Aew-Ly-i-‡≥,
{kjvSmhpw kwc-£-I-\p-amb A√m-lp-hn-t\m-SmWv. Ah-s\-∏- al-Xz-ap-S-b-h≥. Ah¿ ]¶p-tN¿°p-∂-Xn¬ \n∂v A√mlp ]cn-
‰n-bp≈ hnizm-khpw Ah-t\m-Sp≈ Iqdpw \njvI-f-¶-am-hp-Ibpw ip- ≤ - \ mWv . Ah- \ s{X A√mlp. Bkq- { X- I ≥, (C√m- b v a - b n¬
Ah-Im-im-[n-Im-c-߃ a‰p-≈-h¿°v \evIm-Xn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøpI \n∂v) krjvSn-°p-∂-h≥, cq]-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-h≥, G‰hpw DØ-a-\m-
a\p-jys‚ {]mY-anI IS-a-bmWv. AXv sNømsX "in¿°p'ambn a-߃ Ah-\p-≈-Xs{X. BIm-i-ß-fnepw `qan-bn-ep-ap-≈-sX√mw
Pohn-®m¬ Ah≥ F¥v k¬°¿a-߃ {]h¿Øn-®mepw ssZh- Ahs\ hmgv Ø p∂p. Ah≥ AP- ø - \ mb AKm- [ - ⁄ - \ s{X.''
Øn-¶¬ Akzo-Im-cy-amWv. Cu ssZh-h-N-\-߃ {i≤n-°pI: (hn.Jp. 59:22˛-24)
""A√mlp F√m hkv X p- h n- s ‚bpw {kjv S m- h mWv . Ah≥ A√mlp am{X-amWv Bcm-[y≥, Ah-\-√msX Hcp ssZh-hp-
F√m hkvXp-hn-s‚bpw ta¬t\m´w hln-°p-∂-h-\p-amWv. BIm- an√. A√mlp AIv_¿.
i-ß-fp-sSbpw `qan-bp-sSbpw Xmt°m-ep-Iƒ Ah-t‚-XmWv. A√m-
lp-hns‚ hN-\-ß-fn¬ Ahn-iz-kn-®-h¿ Xs∂-bmWv \jvS-°m¿. 