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Porphyry copper mineralization in Iran: main metallogenic belts and ore-forming

episodes
Mehraj AGHAZADEH1, Zengqian HOU2 and Zahra BADRZADEH1,
1

Department of geology, University of Payame Noor, PO BOX 19395-3697, Tehran, Iran, Email:

mehrajaghazadeh@yahoo.com; 2Institute of Geology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing


100037, Peoples Republic of China
Many porphyry coppermolybdenum deposits of Iran were developed in the middle part of Tethyan
orogenic and metallogenic belt. Iranian porphyry deposits are mainly developed in four tectono-magmatic
sub-belts: (1) Kerman porphyry belt (KPB) which is located in the southeastern part of the UrumiehDokhtar magmatic arc (UDMA) and hosts world-class Sarcheshmeh and many porphyry deposits, (2)
Central part of UDMA that include some recently explored deposits (e.g. Kahang), (3) Arasbaran porphyry
belt (APB) in the NW Iran that host the Sungun and some other porphyry deposits, and (4) East Iran that
include some small porphyry deposits. Mineralization ages of porphyry-type deposits in Iran have been
constrained by our new zircon U-Pb dating and previously-reported age data. East Iranian porphyry
deposits formed in Late Eocene, whereas the APB deposits formed in Early Miocene and have a limited
range varying from 19.51 to 21.1 Ma. Porphyry deposits in the middle part of UDMA also generated in
Early Miocene time (e.g. Darreh Zereshk deposit). In the KPB, zircon U-Pb dating data show three distinct
porphyry mineralization episodes. They are (1) the Late Oligocene episode, when the Bondar Honza
deposit formed, (2) the Early Miocene, the second mineralization event, in which Darreh Zar deposit
generated, and (3) the Late Miocene episode, the most significant mineralization event, by which giant
and world-class porphyry deposits, e.g. Sarcheshmeh generated. Our new U-Pb age data, combined with
previous geochemical data of ore-bearing porphyries indicate that most of the Iranian porphyry deposits
occur in the syn to post collisional setting.