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Tabla B.

1 Datos selectos de propiedades fsicasa

Acetaldehdo

CH3CHO

Peso
molecular
44.05

Acetato de etilo

C4H8O2

88.1

Compuesto

Frmula

GE
(20/4)
0.783
0.901

Tb (C)

-123.7

DHm(Tm)c,j
kJ/mol

-83.8

Tm (C)
18

TC(K)

20.2

DHv(Tb)e,j
kJ/mol
25.1

461

77

523.1

37.8

PC(atm)

(DHf)h,j
kJ/mol
-166.2

Acetato de metilo

C3H6O2

74.08

0.933

-98.9

57.1

506.7

46.3

-463.2
-426.8
409.4

Acetileno

C2H2

26.04

-81.5

17.6

309.5

61.6

226.75

Acetona

C3H6O

58.08

0.791

-95

5.69

56

30.2

508

47

-248.2
-216.7
-486.18
-438.15

cido actico

CH3COOH

60.05

1.049

cido benzoico

C7H6O2

122.12

1.266

cido frmico

CH2O2

46.03

1.22

cido fosfrico

H3PO4

98

1.834

16.6
15

18

12.09

118.2

24.39

594.8

57.1

122.2

249.8

8.3

12.68

100.5

22.25

42.3

10.54

(-H2O a 213C)

-41.6

10.47

86

H3PO4.1H2O
cido ntrico

HNO3

63.02

1.502

cido oxlico

C2H2O4

90.04

1.9

cido sulfrico
Agua

H2SO4
H2O

98.08

Alcohol benclico

C7H8O

18.016

108.13

Alcohol etlico (etanol)

C2H5OH

46.07

1.834
1

30.3

Se descompone a 186C
18

10.35
0

9.87
6.0095

Se descompone a 340C

100

40.656

647.4

218.3

1.045

-15.4

205.2

0.789

-114.6

5.021

78.5

38.58

516.3

63

Alcohol isoproplico

C3H5OH

60.09

0.785

-89.7

82.24

508.8

53

Alcohol metlico (metanol)

CH3OH

32.04

0.792

-97.9

3.167

64.7

35.27

513.2

78.5

Alcohol n-proplico

C3H5OH

60.09

0.804

-127

97.04

536.7

49.95

(g)

(DHc)i,j
kJ/mol
-1192.4

(l)

(l)

-2246.4

-1595

(g)

-1299.6

(g)

(l)

-1785.7
-1821.4
-871.69
-919.73
-3226.7

(l)
(g)

(g)
(l)
(g)

-409.2
-362.6
-1281.1

(g)
(c)

-262.8

-1278.6

(ac)

-173.23
-206.57
-826.8

(l)

-811.32
-907.51
-285.84
-241.83
-3741.8
-277.63
-235.31
-310.9
-238.6
-201.2
-300.7
-255.2

(g)

(l)

(l)

l)
(g)
(l)
(g)
(g)
(l)

(ac)
(c)

-251.9

(l)

(ac)
(l)
(g)
(l)
(l)
(g)
(l)
(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)

-1366.91
-1409.25
-1986.6
726.6
-764
-2010.4
-2068.6

(s)

(l)
(g)
(l)
(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)

Anilina

C6H7N

93.12

1.022

-6.3

184.2

699

52.4

(DHf)h,j
kJ/mol
-67.2
-46.19

Azufre (monoclnico)

S8

256.53

1.96

119

14.17

444.6

83.7

0.3

(c)

Azufre (rmbico)

S8

256.53

2.07

113

10.04

444.6

83.7

(c)

Benceno

C6H6

78.11

0.879

5.53

9.837

80.1

30.765

562.6

48.6

(l)

(c)

-3267.6
-3301.5
-3520

(c)

Compuesto

Frmula

Amoniaco

NH3

Peso
molecular
17.03

GE
(20/4)

Benzaldehido

C6H5CHO

106.12

1.046

Bicarbonato de sodio

NaHCO3

84.01

2.2

Bisulfato de sodio

NaHSO4

120.07

2.742

Bromo

Br2

159.83

Bromuro de etilo
Bromuro de hidrgeno
1.2-butadieno

C2H5Br
HBr
C4H6

108.98
80.92
54.09

1.3-butadieno

C4H6

n-butano

C4H8

1-Buteno

C4H8

Carbonato de calcio
Carbonato de sodio
Carbono (grafito)
Carburo de calcio
Cianuro de hidrgeno

Tm (C)

-77.8

-26

DHm(Tm)c,j
kJ/mol
5.653

Tb (C)

-33.43

179

DHv(Tb)e,j
kJ/mol
23.351

38.4

Se descompone a 270C

TC(K)

405.5

PC(atm)
111.3

48.66
82.93
-88.83
-40.04
-945.6

-1126.3

(DHc)i,j
kJ/mol
(l)
(g)

-382.58

(g)
(l)
(g)

3.119

-7.4

10.8

58.6

31

584

102

(l)

1.46

-119.1
-86
-136.5

38.2
47
10.1

504

446

61.5

-54.4
-36.23

(g)

54.09

-109.1

-1.6

425

42.7

58.12

-138.3

4.661

-0.6

22.305

425.17

37.47

(g)

56.1

-185.3

3.848

-6.25

21.916

419.6

39.7

-147
-124.7
1.17

(g)

-2855.6
-2878.5
-2718.6

CaCO3

100.09

2.93

-1206.9

(c)

Na2CO3

105.99
12.01
64.1
27.03

2.533
2.26
2.22

-1130.9
0
-62.76
130.54

(c)

-393.51

C
CaC2
HCN

Se descompone a 825C

18

3600
2300
-14

Se descompone a 854C
46
4200

26

(g)

(g)

(l)
(g)
(l)

(l)

(c)
(c)
(g)

(l)
(g)
(g)

(c)

Cinc
Cloro

Zn
Cl2

65.38
70.91

7.14

419.5
-101

6.674
6.406

907
-34.06

114.77
20.4

417

76.1

(DHf)
kJ/mol
-89.79
-156.2
123.1
-105.9
-77.2
0
0

Clorobenceno

C6H5Cl

112.56

1.107

-45

132.1

36.5

632.4

44.6

Cloroetano

C2H5Cl

Cloroformo

CHCl3

536

54

-131.8

Cloruro de calcio

CaCl2

110.99

Cloruro de etilo
Cloruro de hidrgeno
Cloruro de magnesio

C2H5Cl

64.52
36.47
95.23

Cloruro de metilo
Cloruro de sodio
Cobre
n-Decano

CH3Cl

50.49
58.45
63.54
142.28

2.163
8.92
0.73

Compuesto
Cianuro de sodio
Ciclohexano

Frmula
NaCN
C6H12

Ciclopentano

C5H10

HCl
MgCl2
NaCl
Cu
C10H22

Peso
molecular
49.01
84.16

GE
(20/4)

0.779

70.13

0.745

562
6.7

DHm(Tm)
kJ/mol
16.7
2.677

-93.4

0.609

Tm (C)

1497
80.7

DHv(Tb)
kJ/mol
155
30.1

553.7

40.4

49.3

27.3

511.8

44.55

c,j

e,j

Tb (C)

h,j

TC(K)

PC(atm)

(DHc)
kJ/mol

-3919.9
-3953
-3290.9
-3319.5

i,j

(c)
(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)
(c)
(g)

(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)

Ver cloruro de etilo


119.39

1.489

-63.7

61

2.l52

15

782

28.37

>1600

0.903

2.325

15

-138.3
-114.2
714

4.452
1.99
43.1

13.1
-85
1418

24.7
16.1
136.8

460.4
324.6

52
81.5

-97.9
808
1083
-29.9

28.5
13.01

-24
1465
2595
173.8

170.7
304.6

416.1

619

65.8

25

Dixido de azufre

SO2

64.07

-75.48

7.402

-10.02

Dixido de carbono

CO2

44.01

8.33

(Se sublima a -78C)

Dixido de nitrgeno

NO2

46.01

-56.6
a 5.2 atm
-9.3

7.335

Dixido de silicio

SiO2

60.09

2.25

1710

14.2

2230

Disulfuro de carbono

CS2

76.14

1.261

-112.1

4.39

46.25

26.8

22/20

21.3

24.91

14.73

20.8

(l)

-373

-794.96

(c)

-105
-92.31
-641.8

(g)

-81.92
-111
0
-249.7

-296.9

(g)

(l)
(g)

(g)
(c)

(c)
(c)
(l)

-6778.3
-6829.7

430.7

77.8

304.2

72.9

431

100

-412.9
-393.5
33.8

-851

(c)

552

78

87.9
115.3

(l)

-1075.2
1102.6

(g)

(g)

(g)

(l)

(l)
(g)

(l)
(g)

Compuesto

Frmula

Etano

C2H6

Peso
molecular
30.07

GE
(20/4)

ter diet1ico

(C2H5)2O

74.12

0.708

3-Etil hexano

C8H8

114.22

0.717

Etilbenceno

C8H10

106.16

C2H6O2

62.07

1.113

Etileno

C2H4

28.05

C6H5OH

Fluoruro de hidrgeno

HF

Formaldehdo

94.11

-18.3
25

0.867

Etiln glicol

Fenol

Tm (C)

1.071

25

-88.6

DHv(Tb)
kJ/mol
14.72

305.4

c,j

Tb (C)

TC(K)

26.05

467

35.6

-272.8

118.5

34.27

567

26.4

-250.5
-210.9
-12.46
29.79
-151.5
-387.1
52.28

136.2

35.98

619.7

37

-13

11.23

197.2

56.9

-169.2

3.35

-103.7

13.54

283.1

50.5

42.5

11.43

181.4

692.1

60.5

(g)

(l)

-2726.7

(l)

(l)

-5407.1
-5509.8
-1564.9
-4607.1
-1179.5

-1410.99

i,j

(g)
(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)
(g)

-83

20

503.2

-92

-19.3

24.48

-158.1
-90.8
-268.6
-316.9
-115.9

-1138

280

49.71

5.26
540.2

2.26
27

28.85

507.9

29.9

0.904
354

33.3

12.8

-665.9
0
-224.4
-187.8
-198.8
-167.2
0
0
-366.48
-986.59
-426.6
-469.4

(ac)

H2CO

30.03

0.815

Fosfato de calcio

Ca3(PO4)2

310.19

3.14

1670

Fsforo (blanco)

P4

123.9

1.82

44.2

2.51

Fsforo (rojo)

P4

123.9

2.2

590

81.17

Se enciende con el aire, a 725C

Glicerol
Helio
n-Heptano

C3H8O3
He
C7H16

92.09
4
100.2

1.26

0.684

18.2
-269.7
-90.59

18.3
0.02
14.03

290
-268.9
98.43

0.084
31.69

n-Hexano

C6H14

86.17

0.659

-95.32

13.03

68.74

Hidrgeno
Hierro
Hidrxido de amonio

H2
Fe
NH4OH

2.016
55.85
35.03

7.7

-259.19
1535

0.12
15.1

-252.76
2800

Hidrxido de calcio

Ca(OH)2

74.1

2.24

(-H2O A 580C)

Hidrxido de magnesio
Hidroxido de sodio

Mg(OH)2

58.43
40

2.4
2.13

Se descompone a 350C
8.34
1390

NaOH

PC(atm)

34.6

50

7.3

9.163

(g)

(DHc)
kJ/mol
-1559.9

h,j

20

-20

48.2

(DHf)
kJ/mol
-84.67

e,j

-116.3

-94.67
19

DHm(Tm)
kJ/mol
2.859

319

(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)
(l)

(g)

(g)

-3063.5

-563.46

(c)

(c)

-17.6

(c)

(l)

(l)

(ac)

-1661.1

-4816.9
4853.5
-4163.1
-4194.8
-285.84

(c)

(c)

(l)
(g)
(g)
(ac,200)

(g)
(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)
(g)
(c)

(s)

(g)

(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)
(g)

Compuesto

Frmula

Isobutano

C4H10

Peso
molecular
58.12

Isopentano

C5H12

72415

GE
(20/4)

0.62

Magnesio
Mercurio
Metano

Mg
Hg
CH4

24.32
200.61
16.04

1.74
13.546

Metil amina

CH5N

31.06

0.699

Metil etil cetona


Monxido de carbono
Naftaleno
Nquel
Nitrato de amonio

C4H8O

0.805

1.145
8.9
1.725
2.257

Nitrato de sodio

NaNO3

72.1
28.401
128.16
58.69
80.05
(ac)
85

Nitrito de Sodio

NaNO2

69

2.168

Nitrobenceno

C6H5O2N

123.11

1.203

Nitrgeno

N2

28.02

n-Nonano

C9H20

128.25

n-Octano

C8H18

114.22

xido de Calcio
xido de magnesio
xido de plomo
xido frrico
xido ferroso
xido ntrico
xido nitroso

CaO
MgO
PbO
Fe2O3

Oxgeno

O2

CO
C10H8
Ni
NH4NO3

FeO
NO
N2O

650
-38.87
-182.5

9.2

0.94

1120
-356.9
-161.5

131.8

8.179

190.7

45.8

(DHf)
kJ/mol
-158.4
-134.5
-179.3
-152
0
0
-74.85

(g)

(DHc)
kJ/mol
-2849
-2868.8
-350745
-3529.2

-890.36

-92.7

-6.9

429.9

73.6

-28

(g)

-1071.5

(l)

-8741
-205.1
80
1452
169.6

0.837

5.4

78.2
-191.5
217.8
2900

34.5

2436
-282.99
5157

(l)

Tm (C)

-159.6
19

-160.1

-11

DHm(Tm)
kJ/mol
4.54

-11.73

DHv(Tb)
kJ/mol
21.292

408.1

3640

27.7

461

32.9

c,j

e,j

Tb (C)

h,j

TC(K)

i,j

(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)
(c)
(c)

310

15.9

Se descompone a 380C

-110.52

0
-365.14
-399.36
-466.7

(c)

271

Se descompone a 320C

-359.4

(c)

5.5

210.7

3092.8

-210

0.72

-195.8

5.577

126.2

3345

(g)

0.718

-53.8

150.6

595

23

-229

(l)

0.703

-57

125.5

568.8

24.5

(l)

56.08
40.32
223.21
159.7
71.85
30.01
44.02

3.32
3465
9.5
5.12
5.7

l4226

2570
2900
886

50
7744
11.7

65
71.7

-249.9
-208.4
-635.6
-601.8
-219.2
-822.2
-2.66.5
90.37
81.5

-6124.5
-6171
-5470.7
-5512.2

32

49.7

25

-89

-163.6
-91.1

2.301

-218.75

0.444

32

6.042
133

Se descompone a 210C

PC(atm)

2850

3600

1472
213

Se descompone a 1560C

-15148
13.78
179420
-88.8

309.5
-182.97

6.82

154.4

(g)

(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)

(g)

(g)
(g)

(c)
(c)
(ac)

(g)
(c)
(c)
(c)
(c)

(g)

(g)

(c)
(g)

(l)

(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)

Compuesto
n-Pentano

Frmula
C5H12

Peso
molecular
72.15

GE
(20/4)
0.63

1-Penteno

C5H10

70.13

0.641

Pentxido de fsforo

P2O5

141.95

2.387

Pentxido de nitrgeno
Plomo
Propano

N2O5

-165.2

4.94

c,j

DHv(Tb)
kJ/mol
25.77

Tb (C)

36.07
29.97

Se Sublima a 250C
18

39.9

-1506.2

369.9

(g)

(g)

-2204
-2220
-5218.2
-5264.48
-2058.4

(c)

(c)

33.3

-99.5

8.54

159.2

38.24

638.7

31.3

Propileno

C3H6

42.08

-185.2

-47.7

18.42

365.1

45.4

1530

48.62

-1584

Sulfato cprico

116.17
159.61

2.915
3.606

15

179.9
18.77

469.8

PC(atm)

0.862

CaSiO3

47
1750
-42.07

TC(K)

120.19

CuSO4

5.1
3.52

42

Se descompone a > 600C

Sulfato de amonio

(NH4)2SO4

132.14

1.769

513

Se descompone a 513C tras las fusin

Sulfato de calcio

CaSO4

136.15

2.96

Sulfato de calcio (yeso)

CaSO4.2H2O

172.18

2.32

-769.9
-843.1
-1179.3
-1173.1
-1432.7
-1450.4
2021

Sulfato de sodio

NaSO4

142.05

2.698

Sulfito de Sodio

Na2SO4

126.05

2.633

Sulfuro de hidrgeno

H2S

34.08

-85.5

2.38

-60.3

18.67

373.6

Sulfuro de sodio
Sulfuro ferroso
Tetracloruro de carbono

Na2S
FeS
CCl4

78.05
87.92
153.84

1.856
4.84
1.595

950
1193
-22.9

6.7

2.51

76.7

30

Tetrxido de nitrgeno

N2O4

92

1.448

-9.5

21.1

Tiosulfato de sodio

Na2S2O

158.11

1.667

(-1.5 H2O a 128C)


890
15

24.3

(g)

(DHc)
kJ/mol
-3509.5
-3536.1
-3375.8

(c)

h,j

C9H18

20/20

30
327.4
-187.69

474

(DHf)
kJ/mol
-173
-146.4
-20.9

e,j

n-Propil-benceno

Silicato de calcio

1.63
11.337

-129.6

DHm(Tm)
kJ/mol
8.393

0
-119.8
-103.8
-38.4
7.82
20.41

Pb
C3H8

108.2
207.21
44.09

Tm (C)
18

i,j

(l)
(g)

(c)
(l)

(l)
(g)

(l)
(g)
(g)

(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)
(g)

(ac)
(c)
(ac)
(c)

(ac)
(c)

-1384.5

(c)

-1090.3

(c)

88.9

-19.96

(g)

-562.59

(g)

556.4

45

(c)

431

99

(g)

-352.2
-385

(l)

-373.2
-95.1
-139.5
-106.7
9.3

-1117.1

(c)

Se descompone

(c)
(l)
(g)

(g)

Tb (C)

-94.99

DHm(Tm)c,j
kJ/mol
6.619

GE
(20/4)
0.866

Tm (C)

110.62

DHv(Tb)e,j
kJ/mol
33.47

593.9

40.3

Compuesto

Frmula

Tolueno

C7H8

Peso
molecular
92.13

Trixido de azufre

SO3

80.07

16.84

25.48

43.3

41.8

491.4

83.8

m-Xileno

C8H10

106.16

0.864

47.87

11.569

139.1

36.4

619

34.6

TC(K)

PC(atm)

o-Xi1eno

C8H10

106.16

0.88

-25.18

13.598

144.42

36.82

631.5

35.7

p-Xileno

C8H10

106.16

0.861

13.26

17.11

138.35

36.07

618

33.9

Yodo

I2

253.8

4.93

113.3

184.2

826

(DHf)h,j
kJ/mol
12
50
-395.18
-25.42
17.24
-24.44
18.99
-24.43
17.95
0

Adaptado en parte de D.M. Himmelblau. Basic Principles and Calculations in Chemical Engineering. 3 . Edicin. 1974. tablas D.1 y F.1 Adaptado con autorizacin de Prentice-Hall. Inc., Englewood Cliffs. NJ.

Punto de fusin a 1 atm.

Calor de fusin a Tm y 1 atm.

Punto de ebullicin a 1 atm.


Calor de vaporizacin a Tb y 1 atm.

Temperatura crtica.

Presin crtica

Calor de formacin a 25C y 1 atm.


Calor de combustin a 25c y 1 atm. Los estados estndar de los productos son CO 2(g), H2O(g), SO2(g), HCl(ac) y N2(g). Para calcular D H c con H2O(g) como

producto, sume 44.01n W al valor tabulado, donde n W = moles de H2O formados/moles de combustible quemados.
j Para transformar D H c a kcal/mol, divida el valor dado entre 4.184; para convertir a Btu/lbmol, multiplique por 430.28.

(l)
(g)
(g)
(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)
(C)

(DHc)i,j
kJ/mol
-3909.9
-3947.9

-4551.9
-4594.5
4552.9
-4596.3
-1552.91
41595.2

(l)
(g)

(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)

Tabla B.2 Capacidades calorficasa


Forma 1: C P [kJ/mol C] o [kJ/mol K] = a + bT + CT 2 + dT 3
Forma 2: C P [kJ/mol C] o [kJ/mol K] = a + bT + CT

-2

Ejemplo: (CP)acetona (g) = 0.07196 + (20.10 X 10-5)T - (12.78 X 10-8)T2 + (34.76 X 10-12)T3, donde T est en C.
Nota : Las frmulas para gases se aplican en forma estricta a presiones lo bastante bajas para que la ecuacin de estado de los gases ideales sea vlida.
Peso
Unidad de
Rango (unidades
molecular
temp.
a X 103
b X 105
c X 108
d X 1012
Compuesto
Frmula
Estado
Forma
de T)
C
H
Acetileno
26.04
g
1
C
42.43
6.053
-5.033
18.2
0
1200
2 2
Acetona

CH3COCH3

58.08

cido ntrico

NHO3

63.02

l
g
l

1
1
1

C
C
C

123
71.96
110

18.6
20.1

cido sulfrico

H2SO4

98.08

139.1

Agua

H 2O

15.59

18.016

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

C
C
C
K
C
C
C
C
C
C
K
K
C
C
C
C

75.4
33.46
28.94
28.09
103.1
158.8
61.34
75.86
42.93
35.15
15.2
18.3
126.5
74.06
29.1
92.3

0.688
0.4147
0.1965

0.7604
0.3191
0.4799

-3.593
-1.965
-1.965

15.72
16.83
8.301
2.954
2.68
1.84
23.4
32.95
-0.0227
27.88

-8.749

19.83

-1.87
0.4421

-8.03
-6.686

-25.2
0.9887
-15.47

77.57
-1.858
34.94

0
0
0
273
0
100
0
0
0
0
273
368
6
0
0
0

4.975

-1.287E+11

273

1033

288

371

298
273

1373

17,03
32.07

C6H6

78.11

Bromuro de hidrgeno
n-Butano

HBr
C4H10

80.92
58.12

l
g
g
g
l
l
g
l
g
g
c
c
l
g
g
g

Carbonato de calcio

CaCO3

100.09

82.34

Carbonato de sodio

Na2CO3

105.99

121

Carbonato de sodio decahidratado


Carbono

Na2CO3.10H2O

286.15
12.01

c
c

1
2

K
K

535.6
11.18

Aire
Alcohol etlico (etanol)

Alcohol metlico (metanol)

29
C2H5OH

CH3OH

Amoniaco
Azufre (Rmbico)
Azufre (Monoclnico)
Benceno

NH3

46.07

32.04

1.095

-12.78

-4.891E+10

34.76

-30
0
25

60
1200

10

45

100
1500
1500
1800

1200
65
700
1200
368
392
67
1200
1200
1200

Carburo de calcio
Cianuro de hidrgeno
Ciclohexano

CaC2
HCN
C6H12

64.1
27.03
84.16

c
g
g

2
1
1

K
C
C

68.62
35.3
94.14

1.19
2.908
49.62

-8.660E+10
1.092
-31.9

Ciclopentano

C5H10

70.13

73.39

39.28

Cloro
Cloruro de hidrgeno
Cloruro de magnesio
Cobre
Cumeno (isopropilbenceno)

Cl2

Cu
C9H18

70.91
36.47
95.23
63.54
120.19

g
g
c
c
g

1
1
1
1
1

C
C
K
K
C

33.6
29.13
72.4
22.76
139.2

80.63

298
0
0

720
1200
1200

-25.54

68.66

1200

1.367
-0.1341
1.58
0.6117
53.76

-1.607
0.9715

6.473
-4.335

-39.79

120.5

0
0
273
273
0

1200
1200
991
1357
1200

Dixido de azufre

SO2

64.07

38.91

3.904

-3.104

8.606

1500

Dixido de carbono

CO2

44.01

36.11

4.233

-2.887

7.464

1500

Dixido de nitrgeno

NO2

46.01

36.07

3.97

-2.88

7.87

1200

Etano

C2H6

30.07

49.37

13.92

-5.816

7.28

1200

Etileno

C2H4

28.05

40.75

11.47

4.891

17.66

1200

Formaldehdo
Helio
n-Hexano

CH2O

30.03
4
86.17

1
1
1
1
1

C
C
C
C
C

34.28
20.8
216.3
137.44
28.84

4.268

-8.694

2.016

g
g
l
g
g

40.85
0.00765

-23.92
0.3288

57.66
-0.8698

0
0
20
0
0

1200
1200
100
1200
1500

Hidrgeno

H2

Hidrxido de calcio

Ca(OH)2

74.1

89.5

276

373

Isobutano

C4H10

58.12

89.46

30.13

-18.91

49.87

1200

Isobuteno

C4H8

56.1

82.88

25.64

-17.27

50.5

1200

Metano

CH4

16.04

Metilciclohexano

C7H14

98.18

g
g
g

1
1
1

C
K
C

34.31
19.87
121.3

5.469
5.021
56.53

0.3661
1.268
-37.72

-11
-11
100.8

0
273
0

1200
1500
1200

Metilciclopentano
Monxido de carbono
Nitrgeno
xido de calcio
xido de magnesio
xido frrico
xido ntrico
xido nitroso

C6H12

84.16
28.01
28.02
56.08
40.32
159.7
30.01
44.02

g
g
g
c
c
c
g
g

1
1
1
2
2
2
1
1

C
C
C
K
K
K
C
C

98.83
28.95
29
41.84
45.44
103.4
29.5
37.66

45.857
0.411
0.2199
2.03
0.5008
6.711
0.8188
4.151

-30.44
0.3548
0.5723
-4.52E+10
-8.73E+10
-1.77E+11
-0.2925
-2.694

83.81
-2.22
-2.871

0
0
0
273
273
273
0
0

1200
1500
1500
1173
2073
1097
3500
1200

HCl
MgCl2

He
C6H14

CO
N2
CaO
MgO
Fe2O3
NO
N 2O

0.3652
10.57

Oxgeno

O2

n-Pentano

C5H12

Propano

C3H8

Propileno

C3H6

Tetracloruro de carbono

CCl4

Tetrxido de nitrgeno

N 2 O4

Tolueno

C7H8

Trixido de azufre

SO3

Sulfato de amonio

(NH4)2SO4

32

29.1

1.158

72.15
44.09

l
g
g

1
1
1

C
C
C

155.4
114.8
68.032

43.68
34.09
22.59

42.08

59.58

17.71

153.84

93.39

12.98

92.02

75.7

12.5

92.13
80.07

l
g
g

1
1
1

C
C
C

148.8
94.18
48.5

32.4
38
9.188

132.15

215.9

-0.6076

1.311

1500

-18.99
-13.11

42.26
31.71

0
0
0

36
1200
1200

-10.17

24.6

1200

273

343

-11.3

300

-27.86
-8.54

0
0
0

110
1200
1000

275

328

1500

80.33
32.4

H 2S
Sulfuro de hidrgeno
34.08
g
1
C
33.51
1.547
0.3012
-3.292
0
a
a
Adaptado en parte de D. M. Himmelblau, Basic Principles and Culculations in Chemical Engineering , 3 . edicin, 1974, tabla E.1. Adaptado con autorizacin
de Prentice-Hall, Inc., Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Tabla B.4 Constantes de la ecuacin de Antoinea

log10 p* A

B
TC

p* en mm Hg,

T en C

Ejemplo: La presin de vapor del acetaldehdo a 25 C se determina como sigue:

log10 p*C2H4O (25C 8.00552

1600 .017
2.9551
25 291.809

p*C2H4O (25C 10 2.9551 902 mmHg


Compuesto
Acetaldehdo
Acetato de etilo
Acetato de etilo*
Acetato de metilo
Acetato de vinilo
Acetona
cido actico
cido actico*
cido acrlico
cido butrico
cido frmico
cido propinico
Agua*
Agua*
Amonico*
Anhidrido actico
Anilina
Benceno
Bromuro de metilo
i-Butano
n-Butano
1-Butanol
2-Butanol
1-Buteno
Cianuro de hidrgeno
Cclohexano
Ciclohexanol
Clorobenceno
Clorobenceno*
Clorobenceno*
Cloroformo
Cloroformo*
Cloruro de etilo
Cloruro de metilo

Frmula
C2H4O
C4H8O2
C4H8O2
C3H6O2
C4H6O2
C3H6O
C2H4O2
C2H4O2
C3H4O2
C4H8O2
CH2O2
C3H6O2
H2O
H2O
NH3
C4H6O3
C6H7N
C6H6
CH3Br
i-C4H10
n-C4H10
C4H10O
C4H10O
C4H8
HCN
C6H12
C6H12O
C6H5Cl
C6H5Cl
C6HSCl
CHCl3
CHCl3
C2H5Cl
CH3Cl

Rango (C)
-0.2 a 34.4
15.6 a 75.8
-20 a 150
1.8 a 55.8
21.8 a 72
-12.9 a 55.3
29.8 a 126.5
0 a 36
20 a 70
20 a 150
37.4 a 100.7
72.4 a 128.3
0 a 60
60 a 150
-83 a 60
62.8 a 139.4
102.6 a 185.2
14.5 a 80.9
-70 a 3.6
-85.1 a -11.6
-78 a -0.3
89.2 a 125.7
72.4 a 107.1
-77.5 a -3.7
-16.4 a 46.2
19.9 a 81.6
93.7 a 160.7
62 a 131.7
0 a 42
42 a 230
-10.4 a 60.3
-30 a 150
-55.9 a 12.5
-75 a 5

A
8.00552
7.10179
7.09808
7.06524
7.2101
7.11714
7.38782
7.18807
5.65204
8.71019
7.58178
7.71423
8.10765
7.96681
7.55466
7.14948
7.3201
6.89272
7.09084
6.78866
6.82485
7.36366
7.20131
6.53101
7.52823
6.84941
6.2553
6.97808
7.1069
6.94504
6.95465
6.90328
6.98647
7.09349

B
1600.017
1244.951
1238.71
1157.63
1296.13
1210.595
1533.313
1416.7
648.629
2433.014
1699.173
1733.418
1750.286
1668.21
1002.711
1444.718
1731.515
1203.531
1046.066
899.617
943.453
1305.198
1157
810.261
1329.49
1206.001
912.866
1431.053
1500
1413.12
1170.966
1163.03
1030.007
948.582

C
291.809
217.881
217
219.726
226.655
229.664
222.309
225
154.683
255.189
260.714
217.724
235
228
247.885
199.817
206.049
219.888
244.914
241.942
239.711
173.427
168.279
228.066
260.418
223.148
109.126
217.55
224
216
226.232
227.4
238.612
249.336

n-Decano
1-Deceno
1,1-Dicloroetano
1,2-Dicloroetano
Diclorometano
Dietilcetona
Dietilenglicol
Dimetilamina
N,N-Dimetilformamida
1,4-Dioxano
Disulfuro de carbono
Estireno
Etanol
Etanolamina
ter diet1ico
ter dimetlico
Etilbenceno
1,2-Etilendiamina
Etilenglicol
Fenol
Formaldehdo
Glicerol
i-Heptano
n-Heptano
1-Hepteno
i-Hexano
n-Hexano
1-Hexeno
Metacrilato de metilo
Metanol
Metano1*
Metilamina
Metilciclohexano
Metiletilcetona
Metilisobutilcetona
Naftaleno
Nitrobenceno
Nitrometamo
n-Nonano
1-Noneno
i-Octano
n-Octano
1-Octeno
xido de etileno
xido de propileno
i-Pentano
n-Pentano

n-C10H22
C10H20
C2H4Cl2
C2H4Cl2
CH2Cl2
C5H10O
C4H10O2
C2H7N
C3H7NO
C4H8O2
CS2
C8H8
C2H6O
C2H7NO
C4H10O
C2H6O
C8H10
C2H8N
C2H6O2
C6H6O
HCHO
C3H8O3
i-C7H16
n-C7H16
C7H14
i-C6H14
n-C6H14
C6H12
C5H8O2
CH3OH
CH3OH
CH5N
C7H14
C4H8O
C6H8O
C10H8
C6H5NO2
CH3NO2
n-C9H20
C9H18
i-C8H18
n-C8H18
C8H16
C2H4O
C3H6O
i-C5H12
n-C5H12

94.5
86.8
-38.8
-30.8
-40
56.5
130
-71.8
30
20
3.6
29.9
19.6
65.4
-60.8
-78.2
56.5
26.5
50
107.2
-109
183.3
18.5
25.9
21.6
12.8
13
15.9
39.2
14.9
-20
-83.1
25.6
42.8
21.7
80.3
134.1
55.7
70.3
66.6
41.7
52.9
44.9
0.3
-24.2
16.3
13.3

a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

175.1
171.6
17.6
99.4
40
111.3
243
6.9
90
105
79.9
144.8
93.4
170.9
19.9
-24.9
137.1
117.4
200
181.8
-22.3
260.4
90.9
99.3
94.5
61.1
69.5
64.3
89.2
83.7
140
-6.2
101.8
88.4
116.2
179.5
210.6
136.4
151.8
147.9
118.5
126.6
122.2
31.8
34.8
28.6
36.8

6.95707
6.95433
6.97702
7.0253
7.40916
7.02529
7.63666
7.08212
6.92796
7.43155
6.94279
7.06623
8.1122
7.4568
6.92032
6.97603
6.9565
7.16871
8.09083
7.13301
7.19578
6.16501
6.87689
6.90253
6.91381
6.86839
6.88555
6.8688
8.40919
8.08097
7.87863
7.3369
6.82827
7.06356
6.67272
7.03358
7.11562
7.28166
6.93764
6.95777
6.88814
6.91874
6.93637
8.69016
7.01443
6.73457
6.84471

1503.568
1497.527
1174.022
1271.254
1325.938
1310.281
1939.359
960.242
1400.869
1554.679
1169.11
1507.434
1592.864
1577.67
1064.066
889.264
1423.543
1336.235
2088.936
1516.79
970.595
1036.056
1238.122
1267.828
1265.12
1151.401
1175.817
1154.646
2050.467
1582.271
1473.11
1011.532
1273.673
1261.339
1168.408
1756.328
1746.586
1446.937
1430.459
1437.862
1319.529
1351.756
1355.779
2005.779
1086.369
992.019
1060.793

194.738
197.056
229.06
222.927
252.616
214.192
162.714
221.667
196.434
240.337
241.593
214.985
226.184
173.368
228.799
241.957
213.091
194.366
203.454
174.954
244.124
28.097
219.783
216.823
220.051
228.477
224.867
226.046
274.369
239.726
230
233.286
221.723
221.969
191.944
204.842
201.783
227.6
201.808
205.814
211.625
209.1
213.022
334.765
228.594
229.564
231.541

1-Pentanol
1-Penteno
Piridina
1-Propanol
2-Propanol
Tetracloruro de carbono
Tolueno
1,1,1-Tricloroetano
1,1,2-Tricloroetano
Tricloroetileno
m-Xileno
O-Xileno
p-Xileno
a

C5H12O
C5H10
C5H5N
C3H8O
C3H8O
CCl4
C7H8
C2H3Cl3
C2H3Cl3
C2HCl3
m-C8H10
o-C8H10
p-C8H10

74.7
12.8
67.3
60.2
52.3
14.1
35.3
-5.4
50
17.8
59.2
63.5
58.3

a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a
a

156
30.7
152.9
104.6
89.3
76
111.5
16.9
113.7
86.5
140
145.4
139.3

7.18246
6.84268
7.04115
7.74416
7.74021
6.87926
6.95805
8.64344
6.95185
6.51827
7.00646
7.00154
6.9882

1287.625
1043.206
1373.799
1437.686
1359.517
1212.021
1346.773
2136.621
1314.41
1018.603
1460.183
1476.393
1451.792

Adaptada de T. Boublik, V Fried, y E. Hala, The Vapour Pressures of Pure Substances. Elsevier. Amster-

dam. Las constantes con asterisco (*) se tomaron de Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 9a. edicin. Handbook PubliShers, Inc., Sandusky, OH.

161.33
233.344
214.979
198.463
197.527
226.409
219.693
302.769
209.197
192.731
214.827
213.872
215.111

Tabla B.1 Datos selectos de propiedades fsicasa


Peso
molecular
26.04

(DHf)h,j
kJ/mol
226.75

(g)

(DHc)i,j
kJ/mol
-1299.6

C3H6O

58.08

-248.2

(g)

(l)

-1785.7

(l)

Acetona (g)

C3H6O

58.08

-216.7

(g)

-1821.4

(g)

cido ntrico

HNO3

cido sulfrico

H2SO4

63.02

-173.23

(l)

110

98.08

-811.32

(l)

139.1

Agua (l)

H2O

18.016

-285.84

(l)

75.4

Agua (g)

H2O

18.016

-241.83

(g)

Alcohol etlico (etanol) (l) 0C

C2H5OH

46.07

-277.63

(l)

-1366.91

Alcohol etlico (etanol) (l) 100C

C2H5OH

46.07

-277.63

(l)

Alcohol etlico (etanol) (g)

C2H5OH

46.07

-235.31

(g)

Alcohol metlico (metanol) (l)

CH3OH

32.04

-238.6

Alcohol metlico (metanol) (g)

CH3OH

32.04

Amoniaco

NH3

Azufre (monoclnico)

S8

Azufre (rmbico)

S8

Benceno (l)

C6H6

Benceno (g)
Bromuro de hidrgeno
n-butano

C6H6

Compuesto

Frmula

Acetileno

C2H2

Acetona (l)

Unidad
Forma de temp.
1
C

a X 103

b X 105

c X 108

d X 1012

42.43

6.053

-5.033

18.2

123

18.6

71.96

20.1

Rango (unidades
de T)

1200

-30
-12.78

34.76

60

1200

25
15.59

1500

33.46

103.1

-1365.91

(l)

158.8

-1409.25

(g)

61.34

15.72

(l)

726.6

(l)

75.86

16.83

-201.2

(g)

-764

(g)

42.93

8.301

-1.87

-8.03

18.03

-46.19

(g)

-382.58

(g)

35.15

2.954

0.4421

-6.686

256.53

0.3

(c)

15.2

2.68

273 368

256.53

(c)

18.3

1.84

368 392

78.11

48.66

(l)

-3267.6

(l)

126.5

23.4

82.93
-36.23
-124.7

(g)

(g)

-3301.5

-2878.5

(g)

HBr
C4H10

78.11
80.92
59.12

1
1
1

C
C
C

74.06
29.1
92.3

32.95
-0.0227
27.88

-25.2
0.9887
-15.47

77.57
-1.858
34.94

Carbonato de calcio

CaCO3

100.09

-1206.9

(c)

82.34

4.975

-1.287E+11

273 1033

Carbonato de sodio
Carbono (grafito)
Carburo de calcio
Cianuro de hidrgeno
Ciclohexano

Na2CO3

-1130.9
0
-62.76
130.54
123.1

(c)

(g)

-393.51

-3953

(g)

1
2
2
1
1

K
K
K
C
C

121
11.18
68.62
35.3
94.14

1.095
1.19
2.908
49.62

-4.891E+10
-8.660E+10
1.092
-31.9

HCN
C6H12

105.99
12.01
64.1
27.03
84.16

80.63

288
273
298
0
0

Ciclopentano

C5H10

70.13

-77.2

(g)

-3319.5

(g)

73.39

39.28

-25.54

68.66

Cloro
Cloruro de hidrgeno
Cloruro de magnesio
Cobre
Dixido de azufre

Cl2

0
-92.31
-641.8
0
-296.9

(g)

1
1
1
1
1

C
C
K
K
C

33.6
29.13
72.4
22.76
38.91

1.367
-0.1341
1.58
0.6117
3.904

6.473
-4.335

(g)

-1.607
0.9715

Cu
SO2

70.91
36.47
95.23
63.54
64.07

-3.104

8.606

0
0
273
273
0

Dixido de carbono

CO2

45.01

-393.5

(g)

36.11

4.233

-2.887

7.464

1500

Dixido de nitrgeno

NO2

46.01

33.8

(g)

36.07

3.97

-2.88

7.87

1200

Etano

C2H6

30.07

-84.67

(g)

-1559.9

(g)

49.37

13.92

-5.816

7.28

1200

Etileno

C2H4

28.05

52.28

(g)

-1410.99

(g)

40.75

11.47

4.891

17.66

1200

Formaldehdo
Helio
n-Hexano (l)

H2CO

-115.9
0
-198.8

(g)

C
C
C

34.28
20.8
216.3

-8.694

(l)

1
1
1

4.268

(l)

-563.46

-4163.1

(g)

He
C6H14

30.03
4
86.17

0 1200
0 1200
20 100

n-Hexano (g)

C6H14

86.17

-167.2

(g)

-4194.8

(g)

137.44

40.85

-23.92

57.66

1200

Hidrgeno

H2

2.016

(g)

-285.84

(g)

28.84

0.00765

0.3288

-0.8698

1500

Hidrxido de calcio

Ca(OH)2

74.1

-986.59

(c)

89.5

Isobutano

C4H10

58.12

-134.5

(g)

-2868.8

(g)

89.46

30.13

-18.91

49.87

1200

Metano (C)

CH4

16.04

-74.85

(g)

-890.36

(g)

34.31

5.469

0.3661

-11

1200

Metano (K)
Monxido de carbono
Nitrgeno

CH4

16.04
28.401
28.02

-74.85
-110.52
0

(g)

-890.36
-282.99

(g)

1
1
1

K
C
C

19.87
28.95
29

5.021
0.411
0.2199

1.268
0.3548
0.5723

-11
-2.22
-2.871

C
CaC2

HCl
MgCl2

CO
N2

(c)
(c)
(g)

(g)
(c)
(c)

(g)

(g)
(g)

(c)

(g)

-3.593

100

(g)

0.7604

45

(l)

(g)

0.688

10

0
100
-8.749

19.83

1200

700

1200

65

0
0
0

1200
1200
1200

67

371
1373
720
1200
1200

1200

1200
1200
991
1357
1500

276 373

273 1500
0 1500
0 1500

xido de Calcio
xido de magnesio
xido frrico
xido ntrico
xido nitroso

CaO
MgO
Fe2O3

56.08
40.32
159.7
30.01
44.02

-635.6
-601.8
-822.2
90.37
81.5

Oxgeno

O2

32

n-Pentano (l)

(g)

C5H12

72.15

-173

(l)

-3509.5

(l)

n-Pentano (g)

C5H12

72.15

-146.4

(g)

-3536.1

Propano

C3H8

44.09

-103.8

(g)

Propileno

C3H6

42.08

20.41

(g)

Sulfato de amonio

(NH4)2SO4

132.14

-1179.3

(c)

Sulfuro de hidrgeno

H2S

34.08

-19.96

(g)

-562.59

Tetracloruro de carbono

CCl4

153.84

-139.5

(l)

-352.2

Tetrxido de nitrgeno

N2O4

92

9.3

(g)

Tolueno (l)

C7H8

92.13

12

(l)

-3909.9

(l)

Tolueno (g)

C7H8

92.13

50

(g)

-3947.9

(g)

Trixido de azufre
Aire (C)
Aire (K)

SO3

-395.18

(g)

Carbonato de sodio decahidratado

Na2CO3.10H2O

Cumeno (isopropilbenceno)

C9H12

80.07
29
29
286.15
120.19

Isobuteno

C4H8

Metilciclohexano
Metilciclopentano

NO
N 2O

(c)
(c)

2
2
2
1
1

K
K
K
C
C

41.84
45.44
103.4
29.5
37.66

2.03
0.5008
6.711
0.8188
4.151

-4.52E+10
-8.73E+10
-1.77E+11
-0.2925
-2.694

0.3652
10.57

273
273
273
0
0

1
1

29.1

1.158

-0.6076

1.311

1500

155.4

43.68

(g)

114.8

34.09

-18.99

42.26

1200

-2220
-2058.4

(g)

68.032

22.59

-13.11

31.71

1200

(g)

59.58

17.71

-10.17

24.6

1200

215.9

(g)

33.51

1.547

(l)

93.39

12.98

75.7

12.5

148.8

32.4

94.18

38

-27.86

C
C
K
K
C

48.5
28.94
28.09
535.6
139.2

9.188
0.4147
0.1965

(c)
(g)
(g)

1173
2073
1097
3500
1200
36

275 328
0.3012

-3.292

1500

273 343
-11.3

300

110

80.33

1200

-8.54
0.3191
0.4799

32.4
-1.965
-1.965

1000
1500
1800

(c)

(c)

(g)

(g)

1
1
1
1
1

53.76

-39.79

120.5

0
0
273
298
0

56.1

(g)

(g)

82.88

25.64

-17.27

50.5

1200

C7H14

98.18

(g)

(g)

121.3

56.53

-37.72

100.8

1200

C6H12

84.16

(g)

(g)

98.83

45.857

-30.44

83.81

1200

(g)

(g)

(g)

(g)

1200

Compuesto
Benceno (l)
Benceno (g)
Tolueno (l)
Tolueno (g)

Frmula
C6H6
C6H6
C7H8
C7H8

Peso
molecular
78.11
78.11
92.13
92.13

(DHf)h,j
kJ/mol
48.66
82.93
12
50

Peso
molecular
26.04

Unidad
de temp.
C
C
C
C

(l)
(g)
(l)
(g)

Forma
1
1
1
1

(DHf)h,j
kJ/mol
226.75

(g)

Unidad
Forma de temp.
1
C

1.00E-03 1.00E-05
a X 103
126.5
74.06
148.8
94.18

b X 105
23.4
32.95
32.4
38

1.00E-08 1.00E-12
c X 108
0
-25.2
0
-27.86

d X 1012 T0
0
77.57
0
80.33

Tabla B.1 Datos selectos de propiedades fsicasa


a X 103
42.43

b X 105
6.053

c X 108
-5.033

d X 1012
18.2

71.96

20.1

-12.78

34.76

123

18.6

0.688

0.7604

-3.593

15.72

-8.749

19.83

42.93

8.301

-1.87

-8.03

75.86

16.83

35.15

2.954

0.4421

-6.686

15.2

2.68
32.95

-25.2

77.57

126.5
29.1
82.34

23.4
-0.0227
4.975

0.9887
-1.287E+11

-1.858

K
K
K
C
C

121
11.18
68.62
35.3
94.14

1.095
1.19
2.908
49.62

-4.891E+10
-8.660E+10
1.092
-31.9

80.63

73.39

39.28

-25.54

68.66

C
C
K
K
C

33.6
29.13
72.4
22.76
38.91

1.367
-0.1341
1.58
0.6117
3.904

-1.607
0.9715

6.473
-4.335

(g)

1
1
1
1
1

-3.104

8.606

-393.5

(g)

36.11

4.233

-2.887

7.464

46.01

33.8

(g)

36.07

3.97

-2.88

7.87

C2H6

30.07

-84.67

(g)

49.37

13.92

-5.816

7.28

Etileno

C2H4

28.05

52.28

(g)

40.75

11.47

4.891

17.66

Formaldehdo
Helio
Hidrgeno

H2CO

30.03
4
2.016

-115.9
0
0

(g)

C
C
C

34.28
20.8
28.84

-8.694

(g)

1
1
1

4.268

He
H2

0.00765

0.3288

-0.8698

Hidrxido de calcio

Ca(OH)2

74.1

-986.59

(c)

89.5

Frmula
C2H2

Acetona (g)

C3H6O

58.08

-216.7

(g)

Acetona (l)

C3H6O

58.08

-248.2

(l)

cido ntrico

HNO3

63.02

-173.23

(l)

110

cido sulfrico

H2SO4

98.08

-811.32

(l)

139.1

15.59

Agua (g)

H2O

18.016

-241.83

(g)

33.46

Agua (l)

H2O

18.016

-285.84

(l)

75.4

Alcohol etlico (etanol) (g)

C2H5OH

46.07

-235.31

(g)

61.34

Alcohol etlico (etanol) (l) 0C

C2H5OH

46.07

-277.63

(l)

103.1

Alcohol etlico (etanol) (l) 100C

C2H5OH

46.07

-277.63

(l)

158.8

Alcohol metlico (metanol) (g)

CH3OH

32.04

-201.2

(g)

Alcohol metlico (metanol) (l)

CH3OH

32.04

-238.6

(l)

Amoniaco

NH3

18.03

-46.19

(g)

Azufre (monoclnico)

S8

256.53

0.3

(c)

Azufre (rmbico)

S8

256.53

(c)

18.3

1.84

Benceno (g)

C6H6

78.11

82.93

(g)

74.06

Benceno (l)
Bromuro de hidrgeno
Carbonato de calcio

C6H6

78.11
80.92
100.09

48.66
-36.23
-1206.9

(l)

1
1
2

C
C
K

Carbonato de sodio
Carbono (grafito)
Carburo de calcio
Cianuro de hidrgeno
Ciclohexano

Na2CO3

HCN
C6H12

105.99
12.01
64.1
27.03
84.16

-1130.9
0
-62.76
130.54
123.1

(g)

1
2
2
1
1

Ciclopentano

C5H10

70.13

-77.2

(g)

Cloro
Cloruro de hidrgeno
Cloruro de magnesio
Cobre
Dixido de azufre

Cl2

0
-92.31
-641.8
0
-296.9

(g)

Cu
SO2

70.91
36.47
95.23
63.54
64.07

Dixido de carbono

CO2

45.01

Dixido de nitrgeno

NO2

Etano

C
CaC2

HCl
MgCl2

1200
1200
1200
1200

DH
317.044375
219.219124
408.01875
265.313665

365.704375
302.149124
420.01875
315.313665

513.826748

Compuesto
Acetileno

HBr
CaCO3

T
25
25
25
25

(g)
(c)
(c)
(c)
(c)
(g)

(g)
(c)
(c)

(g)

Isobutano

C4H10

58.12

-134.5

(g)

89.46

30.13

-18.91

49.87

Metano (C)

CH4

16.04

-74.85

(g)

34.31

5.469

0.3661

-11

Metano (K)
Monxido de carbono
n-butano

CH4

-74.85
-110.52
-124.7

(g)

CO
C4H10

16.04
28.401
59.12

(g)

1
1
1

K
C
C

19.87
28.95
92.3

5.021
0.411
27.88

1.268
0.3548
-15.47

-11
-2.22
34.94

n-Hexano (g)

C6H14

86.17

-167.2

(g)

137.44

40.85

-23.92

57.66

n-Hexano (l)

C6H14

86.17

-198.8

(l)

216.3

Nitrgeno

N2

28.02

(g)

29

0.2199

0.5723

-2.871

n-Pentano (g)

C5H12

72.15

-146.4

(g)

114.8

34.09

-18.99

42.26

n-Pentano (l)
xido de Calcio
xido de magnesio
xido frrico
xido ntrico
xido nitroso

C5H12

72.15
56.08
40.32
159.7
30.01
44.02

-173
-635.6
-601.8
-822.2
90.37
81.5

(l)

(g)

1
2
2
2
1
1

C
K
K
K
C
C

155.4
41.84
45.44
103.4
29.5
37.66

43.68
2.03
0.5008
6.711
0.8188
4.151

-4.52E+10
-8.73E+10
-1.77E+11
-0.2925
-2.694

0.3652
10.57

Oxgeno

O2

32

(g)

29.1

1.158

-0.6076

1.311

Propano

C3H8

44.09

-103.8

(g)

68.032

22.59

-13.11

31.71

Propileno

C3H6

42.08

20.41

(g)

59.58

17.71

-10.17

24.6

Sulfato de amonio

(NH4)2SO4

132.14

-1179.3

(c)

215.9

Sulfuro de hidrgeno

H2S

34.08

-19.96

(g)

33.51

1.547

0.3012

-3.292

Tetracloruro de carbono

CCl4

153.84

-139.5

(l)

93.39

12.98

Tetrxido de nitrgeno

N2O4

92

9.3

(g)

75.7

12.5

-11.3

Tolueno (g)

C7H8

92.13

50

(g)

94.18

38

-27.86

80.33

Tolueno (l)

C7H8

92.13

12

(l)

148.8

32.4

Trixido de azufre
Aire (C)
Aire (K)

SO3

-395.18

(g)

C9H12

(g)

48.5
28.94
28.09
535.6
139.2

32.4
-1.965
-1.965

Cumeno (isopropilbenceno)

C
C
K
K
C

-8.54
0.3191
0.4799

Na2CO3.10H2O

1
1
1
1
1

9.188
0.4147
0.1965

Carbonato de sodio decahidratado

80.07
29
29
286.15
120.19

53.76

-39.79

120.5

Isobuteno

C4H8

56.1

(g)

82.88

25.64

-17.27

50.5

Metilciclohexano

C7H14

98.18

(g)

121.3

56.53

-37.72

100.8

Metilciclopentano

C6H12

84.16

(g)

98.83

45.857

-30.44

83.81

CaO
MgO
Fe2O3
NO
N 2O

(g)

(c)
(c)
(c)
(g)

(g)
(g)
(c)

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