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NicholasIIHebecameczarin1894andhecontinuedtousethetraditionofRussianautocracy.

RasputinHewasaRussianpeasantandpeopledescribedhimasaholyman.Heisclaimedto
havemagicalhealingpowers.Hewasmurderedbyagroupofnoblesbecausetheyfearedthe
increasingroleingovernmentaffairs.
IndustrializationandgrowthofRevolutions:
BolsheviksOnegroupapartoftheRussianMarxiststhatinvolvedrevolutionarieswillingto
sacrificeanythingforchange.
MensheviksTheywantedabroadbaseofpopularsupportfortherevolution.
SovietsThelocalcouncilsconsistingofworker,peasantsandsoldiers.
LeninTheleaderoftheBolsheviks,hisrealnamewasVladimirIlyichUlyanov.Intheearly
1900sfledtowesternEuropetoavoidbeingarrestedbytheczaristregime.
Revolutionof1905January22,1905.200,000workersandfamiliesweremarchingtowardsthe
czarsWinterPalaceinSt.Petersburg.Theywantedbetterworkingconditionsforthefactories,
morepersonalfreedomandanelectednationallegislature.ItwasapeacefulmarchbutNicholas
IIsgeneralsorderedsoldierstofireatthecrowd,1,000peoplewereinjuredandseveralhundred
werekilled.ThisdaywascalledBloodySunday.
RussoJapaneseWarIthappenedinthelate1800swhenRussiaandJapancompetedforcontrol
ofKoreaandManchuria.TheysignedagreementsoverterritoriesbutRussiabrokewiththem.In
February1904,JapanattackedtheRussiansPortArthur,Manchuria.Russialostwhichledrevolt
inthemidstofthewarathome.
WWI
TwoRevolutions:
MarchRevolutionsProvisionalGovernmentAlexanderKerenskyatemporarygovernment.
AlexanderKerenskywasinchargeofit.TheMarchRevolutionswaseventthatsucceededin
bringingdowntheczar.
NovemberRevolutionalsoknownastheBolshevikRevolution.
AllpowertotheSovietswhatpeopleinthecitieswouldsaywhentheywererallying.
Bread,Land,andPeaceLeninsslogan.
TreatyofBrestLitovskunilateraltreatywithGermanyMarch1918RussiaandGermany
signedtheTreatyofBrest.RussiagaveGermanythelargestpartofitscountry.
TroksyTherevolutionaryleaderwhocommandedtheBolshevikRedArmy.
CivilWar
WhiteArmySupportedthereturntorulebytheczar.
RedArmyBolsheviks
ProblemsTheywanteddifferentthingsforRussia
ResultsWenttowarandRedcrushedallopposition
NewNameLeningivestoRussiaUnionofSovietSocialistRepublics