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Evaluation of pitting(astm g48 and iso 12732)

and crevice (astm g48) corrosion resistence of


weld cladding in pipelines (api 5l x65) with
different nickel alloys and gmaw processes.
Bruno Luis Fernandes Aguero
1
, Oscar Rosa Mattos
1
, Kioshy Santos de Assis
1
1
Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
e-mail: brunoaguero@poli.ufrj.br
The need of petroleum exploitation in ultra-deep water is a challenge that
constantly demands from areas of research and development of new materials
and appropriate selection to operate in conditions that combine mechanical
solicitations in presence of highly corrosive fluids. Thus, the use of pipelines using
low alloy and high resistance steels coated with corrosion resistant alloys,
through electric arc welding process, becomes extremely attractive by technical
and economical aspects, especially by combination between mechanical
resistance of low alloy steels and the high corrosion resistance of nickel alloys.
However, is necessary to define a methodology which allows evaluating how
parameters of different welding processes can influence on the corrosion
resistance of the weld metal. For example, the standards DNV-OS-F101 e
NORSOK M001 diverge in which concerns the acceptable percentage of iron
present in the overlay layer. In the present work the aim is to evaluate the
influence of two different metallic transfer modes, obtained using GMAW-pulsed
and GMAW-CMT, regarding the iron dilution in the overlay metal, from two
different filler metals: Inconel 625 and Inconel 825. Corrosion tests were
performed to determine the pitting and crevice critical temperature in different
positions above the fusion line (1, 2 and 3 mm). Hardness profiles and
microstructural characterization using optical and scanning electronic microscopy
in different regions (base metal, fusion line and weld metal) were done. The
results show that the dilution varies according metallic transfer modes and it is
higher in the GMAW-pulsed in comparison to the GMAW-CMT.
Acknowledgments to Human Resources Program of ANP(PRH-35) and
LNDC/PEMM/COPPE/UFRJ
REFERENCES:
FENSKE, Jamey Alan. MICROSTRUCTURE AND HYDROGEN INDUCED FAILURE
MECHANISMS IN IRON-NICKEL WELDMENTS.
DNV/OFFSHORE STANDARD: DNV-OS-F101, Oct. 2010.
NORSOK STANDARD: M-001, Nov. 2002.