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P o i s o n

G a s
Francesca Hechanova,Rana Elsayed, Kara Little, Asra Mazhar, Reham Refai
The first recorded gas attack during
WWI was by the french.

They used it to stop the German Army
from advancing throughout Belgium in
August 1914.
C o u n t r y
D e v e l o p m e n t
French soldier

and

Early Gas
Mask
H o w d i d t h e y u s e i t?
tear gas grenades or shells of xylyl
bromide that were used originally as
irritant
H o w d i d t h e y u s e i t?
Chlorine gas released from pressurized
containers with the aid of wind direction
How It Changed Fighting Techniques
Poison gas created a new element of surprise
Soldiers realized the trenches didnt hide them
from all kinds of attacks
Creating effective protection from the gas
became a priority
I n t e r e s t i n g F a c t
s
Poison Gas was most feared weapon
of this war.

If attacks were unsuccessful, victim
would be left in agony for weeks or
months before giving in to injuries
it has become deadlier.
nerve gas did not exist in WWI.
most gases used were tear gas,
chlorine, phosgene, and mustard gas.
Poison gas is no longer used except by
rogue states.
H o w I ts I m p r o v e d ?
A d v a n t a g e s
Difficult to protect yourself from gas
attacks
Huge element of surprise
If the soldiers werent killed they were
still greatly affected by the gas
Mustard gas remained in soil, making
the areas affected dangerous
D i s a d v a n t a g e s
Poor weather
rain would put out the gas bombs
Deadly if used on a windy day
Easy to detect
ex. Chlorine
I m p a c t o n W a r
US also developed new chemical weapons.
Harry S. Truman, captain of U.S. field
artillery unit, fired poison gas against the
Germans in 1918.
Total of over 100,000 tons of chemical
weapons were used throughout WWI. Total
of 30,000 troops were killed due to poison
gas, 500,000 injured. (2,000 Americans)


A f t e r W W I . . .
Yemeni Conflict of 1996-67

Iran-Iraq War of 1980-1988

Used to full advantage against forces that
did not possess gas masks


I n t e r e s t i n g F a c t
s
1990 US and Soviet Union signed
agreement to cut chemical weapon
arsenals by 80%

1993 International Treaty signed
banning production and use of
chemical weapons. Took effect in 1997.
W o r k s C i t e
d
http://s2.favim.com/orig/36/clouds-dark-dull-fog-forest-Favim.com-293407.gif

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/poison_gas_and_world_war_one.htm

https://sites.google.com/site/worldwar1class6/weapons-of-world-war-1/weapons-for-attack

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DTY7v1Q_vnc#t=53

http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/poison_gas_and_world_war_one.htm

http://www.worldwar1-history.com/Poison-Gas-of-World-War-1.aspx

http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/germans-introduce-poison-gas

http://www.firstworldwar.com/features/chemical_warfare.htm

http://www.firstworldwar.com/weaponry/gas.htm


T h e E n
d.