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LNLPO - MAPZO 2000
%
|SSN 0124-1338
PAPA
|a aa, o~. :.aoo:., cs
uoa | aota |cbacca, v| vaz,
o|cot||coooca, ov|sta oc uo s|stca
acco oto subtcaoco oc oatua|cza
|zoatosa, oc| cua| sc o||oao |os tu-
bccu|os
+/
. |a zooa ot|a oc oouc-
c|oo csta |oca||zaoa cotc 2.5OO 3.OOO
ctos sobc c| o|vc| oc| a: s|o c-
bao, tab|co sc cu|t|va aa co c||-
as as ca||oos as ||os, coo |os o-
b|cas oc co|ccoaocs |aas, co
|os |cos, o oc |c|aoas, co |os sc-
uooos. || cu|t|vo oc aa sc caactc|-
za o c| uso |otcos|vo oc |ct|||zaotcs
|au|c|oas.
|a aa cs c| cuato cu|t|vo a||co-
t|c|o co c| uooo ocsucs oc| t|o, c|
aoz c| a|z. |a ooucc|oo aoua| oc
aa ccscota, aox|aoacotc, |a
|tao oc |a ooucc|oo uoo|a| oc to-
oas |as a|ccs tubccu|os
2/
. /uoouc, cs
uo cu|t|vo o||oa|o oc |as zooas a|tas oc
|os /oocs oc /c|ca, |uoa sc |a coo-
vct|oo co c| ao ooucto, ucs co
c| ao 2OO+ at|c|o coo c| --% oc|
tota| uoo|a|. S|o cbao, |a at|c|a-
c|oo oc |os a|scs co ocsao||o co |a o-
oucc|oo uoo|a| ccc|o s|o|||cat|vaco-
tc, a| asa oc| ++% a| --% cotc +6+
c| ao 2OO+.
Tab|co sc obscva uoa taos-
|oac|oo co c| coosuo a| c|c| as
|as aas cooc|aoas sobc |as aas
|cscas, ocb|oo a| ccc||coto oc| c-
caoo oc occsaoos oc co|oas a-
|oas. |sta tcoococ|a ||cvo, co |a u|t|a
occaoa, a ouc c| cocc|o oc aa
occsaoa tuv|ca ao o|oa|ca ouc
c| oc |a aa |csca, a| cscota tasas
oc ccc||coto oc ++% O%, cscc-
t|vacotc.
|o Co|ob|a, |a aa cs uoo oc
|os |oc|a|cs cooocotcs oc |a ca-
oasta |a|||a: ccscota c| +% oc| costo
oc |a caoasta oc coosuo c| 3% oc|
costo oc |a caoasta oc a||cotos. Scuo
c||as oc |a |/O, |a ooucc|oo c| coo-
suo oc aa |csca co Co|ob|a |ao
ostaoo uoa tcoococ|a ccc|cotc, ucs
aucotaoo a tasas oc| -% aoua| cotc
+6 c| ao 2OOO.
|| ||o|stc|o oc /|cu|tua Lc-
sao||o |ua| |a cata|oaoo a| cu|t|vo oc
|a aa coo |a |oc|a| act|v|oao a|-
co|a oc |as zooas aoo|oas co Co|ob|a,
ucs cooccota a ccca oc O.OOO |a-
|||as. |o oucsto a|s csta act|v|oao sc
caactc|za o c| |||taoo acccso a |a
tccoo|o|a |a a|ta ocaooa oc aoo
oc oba oo ca||||caoa cotc ++O +2O
,ooa|cs o |cctaca).
|o Co|ob|a sc ocstacao a|uoos
ccaoos c|ooa|cs ouc cooccotao vo-
|ucocs s|o|||cat|vos oc aa. |s c| caso
oc ||a|cs co |a|o, Caco oc \|boa|
o |a Uo|oo co /ot|oou|a Ubatc
\|||a|ozoo co Cuoo|oaaca. |os co-
cc|aotcs ouc ocao co cstos c-
caoos abastccco a |a ob|ac|oo oc |os
uo|c||os cccaoos |os ouc coocco-
tao |os aocs vo|ucocs oc aa
oc |a c,o ca||oao ||cvao atc oc cstc
ooucto a |os aoocs ccaoos uba-
oos. |os |oc|a|cs ccaoos ao|s-
tas oc| ccoto oc| a|s aa |a aa soo
| a Ccota| oc /bastos oc 3oota,
Coabastos, c| ccaoo oc| uo|c||o
oc \|||a|ozoo, |a ccota| ao|sta oc
|coc|||o |os ccaoo c|ooa|cs oc
o|cotc oc /ot|oou|a: |asto c ||a|cs soo
|as |oc|a|cs |azas aa c| cocc|o
oc aa co c| su oc| a|s.
1/ |NPOAGPO. L| cu| tl vo de | a patata.
(Ln |lnea). Ln bttp://www.ln|oagro.com
(vlsltado: 26 de septlembre de 2002).
2/ PAO. PAOSTAT On Llne. Dlreccln de pro-
ductos baslcos y comerclo. Papa. (Ln |lnea).
Ln bttp://www.|ao.org/es/LSC/lnlclo.btm
(vlsltado: 26 de septlembre de 2002).
5l5TMA
D lNTLlGNClA
D MRCADO5 - 5lM
MlNl5TRlO D AGRlCULTURA
Y D5ARROLLO RURAL
PRFlL
D PRODUCTO
No. 17
ditor
CORPORAClON COLOMBlA
lNTRNAClONAL
8ogota, Co|ombla
Ca||e 16 No. 6-66 Plso 6 Ldl|. Avlanca
Te|. 2834988, Pax 286 7659 A.A. 12314
correo-e: ccl@cab|e.net.co
bttp://www.ccl.org.co
Direccin jecutiva
[UAN [OSL PLPPLTT| DLL COPPAL
Direccin 5istemas de lnformacin
CAPLOS TLLLLZ MUPC|A
Direccin ducacin y Comunicacin
CLAUD|A COPPLA GONZLLZ
Grupo 5lM
SANT|AGO LSP|NAL
NATAL|A GAPC|A
MAP|A CLAPA GAPZN
PA8|OLA GMLZ
SLPG|O [ALLLP
[AZM|NL MLD|NA
ZULMA MOPLNO
OLGA LUC|A PAPDO
LLLLNA PLPLTTO
MAP|A DLL P|LAP PU|Z
PATP|C|A SLNZ
MAP|A CP|ST|NA TOPPLS
ANDPLS TOPPLS
ALvAPO v|LLAPPLAL
Paises 1990 1995 2000 2001 Part. % Crec. %
Mundo 17,592 18,272 19,940 19,301 100 1
China 2,829 3,436 4,725 4,202 22 5
Federacin Rusa 0 3,325 3,238 3,335 17 -1
Ucrania 0 1,531 1,630 1,596 8 0
lndia 940 1,069 1,341 1,341 7 4
Po|onia 1,835 1,522 1,251 1,194 6 -4
Bie|orrusia 0 725 661 725 4 -1
stados Unidos 555 555 546 502 3 0
Rumania 290 244 283 280 1 1
A|emania 561 347 304 280 1 -4
Bang|adesh 117 132 243 243 1 7
Per 146 242 285 243 1 6
Turquia 192 200 211 211 1 1
Corea 61 45 188 188 1 13
Co|ombia 161 178 171 180 1 1
Ma|awi 50 68 167 170 1 14
CUADRO No. 1
ARA MUNDlAL CO5CHADA N PAPA
{MlL5 D HCTARA5)
Serles erratlcas y sln tendencla.
Puente: PAO. Ca|cu|os: Corporacln Co|ombla |nternaclona|.
Paises 1990 1995 2000 2001 Part. % Crec. %
Mundo 266,063 285,055 328,051 308,195 100 2
China 32,031 45,984 66,325 64,045 21 7
Federacin Rusa 0 39,909 34,000 34,500 11 -2
lndia 14,771 17,401 25,000 25,000 8 5
Po|onia 36,313 24,891 24,232 20,401 7 -4
stados Unidos 18,239 20,122 23,297 20,174 7 2
Ucrania 0 14,729 19,838 13,500 4 -3
A|emania 14,471 10,888 13,694 10,903 4 0
Bie|orrusia 0 9,504 8,718 8,700 3 -2
Paises Bajos 7,036 7,340 8,127 7,700 2 1
Reino Unido 6,467 6,407 6,652 6,641 2 0
Francia 4,754 5,839 6,652 6,536 2 2
Turquia 4,300 4,750 5,350 5,350 2 2
Canad 3,004 3,834 4,556 4,030 1 4
Rumania 3,186 3,020 3,470 3,800 1 4
Co|ombia 2,464 2,891 2,964 3,013 1 2
CUADRO No. 2
PRODUCClON MUNDlAL D PAPA FR5CA
{MlL5 D TONLADA5)
Serles erratlcas y sln tendencla.
Puente: PAO. Ca|cu|os: Corporacln Co|ombla |nternaclona|.
|a aa cs uoo oc |os cu|t|vos oc
ao ooucc|oo coosuo co c| uo-
oo. Scuo |a |/O, co c| ao 2OO+ sc
cu|t|vaoo +.3 |||oocs oc |cctacas
vc Cuaoo |o. +), aca ouc aucoto
co |a u|t|a occaoa, a uoa tasa oc-
o|o aoua| oc| +%. C||oa cs c| ao o-
oucto tab|co c| a|s coo |a ao
cxtcos|oo oc t|ca ocst|oaoa a| cu|t|vo
oc aa: C||oa, s|o cbao, cs uoo oc
|os a|scs ouc c|sta coocs coo|-
|cotos co |os cu|t|vos oc aa
3/
.
|a ooucc|oo uoo|a| oc aa
|csca |uc oc 3O8 |||oocs oc tooc|aoas
co c| ao 2OO+: |os |oc|a|cs ooucto-
cs soo C||oa, |a |cocac|oo |usa, |oo|a,
|o|oo|a |staoos Uo|oos, coo sc ucs-
ta co c| Cuaoo |o. 2. |o coot|oco-
tcs, |a ooucc|oo uoo|a| oc aa |cs-
ca csta cooccotaoa co |uoa /s|a,
ouc at|c|ao coo c| --% c| 38%, cs-
cct|vacotc, oc| tota|.
/s|a ooucc aox|aoacotc c|
86% oc| vo|uco tota| oc aa oc |os
a|scs co v|as oc ocsao||o su o-
oucc|oo t|cooc a |occcotasc. |otc
+O c| ao 2OO+ C||oa ou||co su
o|vc| oc ooucc|oo ostaooo uoa tasa
oc ccc||coto oc| % oco|o aoua|.
|o su atc, |a ooucc|oo oc |oo|a cc-
c|o a uoa tasa oc 5% |a aucoto co
6O% co c| c|ooo oc cstuo|o.
/c|ca at|c|a coo c| +3% oc
|a ooucc|oo uoo|a|, co |staoos
Uo|oos aota as oc |a |tao oc |a
ooucc|oo oc| coot|ocotc. |a oouc-
c|oo cstaoouo|ocosc tuvo uoa tasa oc
ccc||coto oc| 2% oco|o aoua| co
|a u|t|a occaoa, |occcoto ouc a|cao-
zo a csa ouc t|coc coocs acas
cu|t|vaoas ouc otos a|scs ooucto-
cs: o oto |aoo, t|coc aocs co-
o||cotos. Otos aoocs oouctocs
oc| coot|ocotc soo Caoaoa coo +O%)
Co|ob|a coo %).
/uoouc cotc +8 c| 2OOO, |os
coo||cotos oc| cu|t|vo oc aa o|s|-
oucoo, |ucva Zc|aooa a| tc|oa c|
c|ooo c|sto c| ao coo||coto
oc |os a|scs aoa||zaoos 5O tooc|aoas
o |cctaca). |a|scs 3a,os tuvo |os co-
o||cotos as cstab|cs co |os u|t|os
c|oco aos. Otos a|scs coo a|tos co-
o||cotos soo |os |cbos oc |a Uo|oo
|uoca |staoos Uo|oos. |o |a u|t|a
occaoa |os coo||cotos co cu|t|vos oc
aa co Co|ob|a |ucoo cstab|cs, co
3/ Mlentras Nueva Ze|anda tuvo rendlmlentos
en e| 2001 de 50 ton/ba, Cblna s|o a|canz
15.2 ton/ba en e| mlsmo ao.
3
Departamentos 1991 1995 2000 Part. % Crec. %
Tota| 151,413 178,482 170,719 100 9
Cundinamarca 49,230 59,201 68,974 40 88
Boyac 43,790 52,760 47,209 28 1
Nario 23,640 29,376 25,418 15 3
Antioquia 14,183 19,181 13,818 8 3
To|ima 4,791 6,684 3,397 2 18
5antander 4,170 3,880 3,174 2 0
Norte de 5antander 3,850 3,423 3,171 2 5
Cauca 4,170 1,497 3,145 2 21
Ca|das 2,000 1,552 1,780 1 14
Va||e de| Cauca 1,040 675 412 0 50
Hui|a 0 73 143 0 89
Putumayo 184 31 33 0 65
Quindio 265 9 26 0 43
Risara|da 100 140 19 0 71
CUADRO No. 3
ARA CO5CHADA N PAPA N COLOMBlA {HCTARA5)
Puente: Mlnlsterlo de Agrlcu|tura y Desarro||o Pura|. Ca|cu|os: Corporacln Co|ombla |nternaclona|.
c|at|vacotc ba,os, a|cocoo oc +6
tooc|aoas o |cctaca.
Lc |as +8 || |cctacas oc aa
ouc sc coscc|aoo co Co|ob|a co c|
ao 2OO+, a| a|t||aoo cuoo|boaccosc
cocsooo|coo +++ || |cctacas vc
Cuaoo |o. 3): Cuoo|oaaca |uc c|
ocatacoto ouc as aucoto |as
acas coscc|aoas co |a u|t|a occaoa.
|a ooucc|oo oac|ooa| oc aa
sc aotuvo c|at|vacotc cstab|c co-
tc ++ c| ao 2OOO, taoto aa c|
acaoo oac|ooa| coo cotc oca-
tacotos: Cuoo| oaaca, 3oaca,
|a|o /ot|oou|a |ucoo, co su o-
oco, |os aocs oouctocs.
Scuo |o|oac|oo oc| ||o|stc|o
oc /|cu|tua Lcsao||o |ua| cstos
ocatacotos cooccotao c| +%
aotao c| 2% oc |a ooucc|oo oa-
c|ooa| 2,6-,+-- tooc|aoas). Lc cstos
cuato zooas sa|c aa ouaotc tooo c|
ao: oc acucoo coo |a |o|oac|oo cs-
tao|st|ca oc| S|stca oc |o|oac|oo oc
cc|os oc| Sccto /occua|o, S||S/,
cx|stc uoa c|at|va cooccotac|oo oc |a
o|cta co a|uoos cscs oc| ao: o
c,c|o, co |os cscs oc ,uo|o, ,u||o
aosto coo||uco |as coscc|as oc aa
astusa oc Cuoo|oaaca 3oaca, a
|as cua|cs sc uoc co ,uo|o |a ooucc|oo
oc |a|o.
|os ocatacotos coo |os a-
ocs o|vc|cs oc ooucc|oo tab|co
soo |os ouc cscotao |os c,ocs co-
o||cotos co aa. || coo||coto aa
c| acaoo oac|ooa|, ouc sc aotuvo
a|cocoo oc +6 tooc|aoas o |ccta-
ca ouaotc |a occaoa, aucoto co c|
ao 2OOO a +.36 tooc|aoas o |ccta-
ca.
|o Co|ob|a, c| Ccoto \|tua| oc
|ovcst|ac|oo oc |a Caocoa /oa||cota|a
oc |a |aa, C|\||/|/, ||oca occtos
oc |ovcst|ac|oo aa c,oa|coto
coct|co oc sc|||as. |o c| Cuaoo |o. 5
sc cscotao |as va|coaocs c,oaoas
cotcaoas a | os oouctocs o
C|\||/|/, ouc soo c|c|oas o |os
oouctocs |os coosu|oocs co|o-
b|aoos: sc ocstacao |os a|tos coo||co-
tos oc o|c|as va|coaocs oc aa.
Departamentos 1991 1995 2000 Part. % Crec. %
Tota| 2,371,948 2,891,939 2,964,144 100 26
Cundinamarca 795,725 1,026,407 1,216,489 40 84
Boyac 610,800 815,892 764,426 28 17
Nario 409,738 465,505 391,783 15 12
Antioquia 241,718 336,497 224,074 8 1
Norte de 5antander 69,580 51,757 164,619 2 14
Cauca 73,960 22,369 63,672 2 14
5antander 77,055 58,735 57,173 2 0
To|ima 48,625 80,911 51,117 2 3
Ca|das 24,000 21,120 23,708 1 1
Va||e de| Cauca 14,453 10,001 5,015 0 65
Hui|a 0 848 1,348 0 80
Putumayo 2,660 308 315 0 65
Quindio 2,634 69 205 0 45
Risara|da 1,000 1,520 202 0 66
CUADRO No. 4
PRODUCClON D PAPA FR5CA N COLOMBlA
{TONLADA5)
Puente: Mlnlsterlo de Agrlcu|tura y Desarro||o Pura|. Ca|cu|os: Corporacln Co|ombla |nternaclona|.
a Fi):ojio~ :o::~:, c| v|us causao-
tc oc |a ota, |a s|oo coos|ocaoa coo
|a oc ao otcoc|a| cocc|a| co |os
ccaoos co|ob|aoos, oaoo ouc t|c-
oc caactc|st|cas coct|cas s|||acs a
|as oc |a aa astusa, ta| vcz |a as
|otaotc a o|vc| oac|ooa|. |o su a-
tc, |a va|coao 3ct|oa cs oc aoua-
c|oo sc|tcaoa cs ata aa c|
coosuo co cstaoo |csco aa |a
taos|oac|oo |ooust|a|
-/
.
4/ CLv|PAPA. Tres nuevas varledades de papa en e|
mercado. (Ln |lnea). Ln www.cevlpapa.org.co/
notlclas.pbp?not=11 (vlsltado 4 de dlclembre de|
2002).
UN|vLPS|DAD NAC|ONAL DL COLOM8|A.
Papas de prlmera. (Ln |lnea) Ln www.dnlc.edu.co/
unprograma/sem157/tprlmera.btm (vlsltado 4 de
dlclembre de| 2002).
3ct|oa, |o,a |a|o |astusa su-
ca soo tcs oucvas va|coaocs oc
aa ocsao||aoas co Co|ob|a o uo
cou|o oc |ovcst|aoocs oc |a Uo|vc-
s|oao |ac|ooa|. |stas oucvas va|coa-
ocs oc aa sc caactc|zao o tcoc
coo||cotos oco|o as a|tos ouc
otas va|coaocs, o su cxcc|cotc ca||-
oao cu||oa|a oouc cou|cco c-
oos |uo|c|oas. |a va|coao |astusa su-
ca, aocas oc sc |a as cs|stcotc
CUADRO No. 5
VARlDAD5 MjORADA5 D PAPA
Puente: CLv|PAPA.
Variedad
Parda pastusa
Diaco|
Monserrate
Diaco| Capiro
lCA Purac
lCA Nario
lCA 5an jorge
lCA Morita
lCA Unica
lCA Zipa
Rango
de adaptacin
{m.s.n.m.)
2.000- 3.500
2.000- 3.500
1.800-3.200
2.000-3.000
2.000-3.500
2.500-3.000
2.600- 3.000
2.500-3.000
2.500-3.200
Rend.
{ton/ha)
25
35
30
50
experlmenta|
30
30
35
37
30
Periodo
vegetativo
{meses)
5
4.5
5
5
4.5
5
5.5
5
5
Caracteristicas
de |a semi||a
Tamao medlano, |orma redonda |lgeramen-
te ap|anada, ojos medlanos, ple| co|or rosado
y pu|pa co|or crema
Tamao grande, |orma redonda sln protube-
ranclas, ojos super|lcla|es, ple| co|or crema con
tlntes rosados, pu|pa co|or crema
Tamao grande, |orma redondeada |lgera-
mente ap|anada, ojos super|lcla|es, ple| co|or
rojo - morado, pu|pa co|or crema
Tamao grande, |orma redonda, |lgeramen-
te ap|anada, ojos super|lcla|es, ple| co|or rojo,
pu|pa co|or crema c|aro
Tamao grande, |orma ob|onga, ojos medla-
nos, ple| co|or rojo, pu|pa co|or crema
Tamao medlano, |orma ova|ada, casl redon-
da, ple| co|or purpura con ba|os co|or crema,
ojos lntermedlos, pu|pa co|or crema
Tamao grande, |orma redonda ap|anada, ple|
de textura gruesa y co|or morado oscuro,
ojos super|lcla|es, pu|pa co|or crema
Tamao grande y unl|orme, |orma redonda
a|go a|argada, ojos super|lcla|es, ple| co|or cre-
ma con |a yema de |os ojos morada, pu|pa
co|or amarl||o c|aro
Tamao medlano y unl|orme, |orma redon-
da y |lgeramente ap|anada, ple| co|or b|anco
crema, pu|pa co|or crema y pro|undldad de
ojos medla
Uso
Consumo en
|resco
Procesamlento
Consumo en
|resco y procesa-
mlento
Procesamlento
Consumo en
|resco y procesa-
mlento
Consumo en
|resco
Consumo en
|resco
Consumo en
|resco y procesa-
mlento
|dea| para procesa-
mlento
MLPCADO MUND|AL
COMLPC|O
DL PAPA PPLSCA
|a ao atc oc |a ooucc|oo
uoo|a| oc aa |csca sc ocst|oa a sa-
t|s|acc c| coosuo |otcoo oc |os a|-
scs oouctocs, azoo o |a cua| c|
cocc|o cxtc|o cs c|at|vacotc c-
s|oua|. |ucba oc c||o cs ouc co c| ao
2OOO so|o sc cocc|a||zo c| 2.3% oc |a
ooucc|oo uoo|a| ouc o|c|as tao-
sacc|oocs |otac|oocs cxotac|o-
ocs) |ucoo ca||zaoas, |oc|a|cotc,
cotc |os a|scs oc |a Uo|oo |uoca.
|o |a u|t|a occaoa, |as cxota-
c|oocs oc cstc tubccu|o sc aotuv|c-
oo c|at|vacotc cstab|cs, a|cocoo
oc .6 |||oocs oc tooc|aoas o uo
va|o oco|o oc +.6 |||oocs oc oo-
|acs. Coo sc obscva co c| Cuaoo
|o. 6, |os |oc|a|cs cxotaoocs oc
aa |csca co c| uooo soo |a Uo|oo
|uoca, Caoaoa |staoos Uo|oos. |as
cxotac|oocs oc aa |csca cstao coo-
ccotaoas co |uoa, ouc co c| ao
2OOO at|c|o coo as oc| O% oc| tota|
uoo|a|. /c|ca at|c|o coo c| +2%,
occota,c cocsooo|cotc cas| co su
tota||oao a |a aa oc /c|ca oc| |o-
tc. |csccto a| va|o oc |as cxotac|o-
ocs, o|s|ouo cscc|a|cotc a| ||oa| oc
|a occaoa, |o ouc sc c||c,a co uoa ca|-
oa co c| cc|o |||c|to oc |as cxota-
c|oocs oc aa
5/
ouc aso oc 228.3 co
c| ao +O a ++.8 oo|acs o tooc-
|aoa co c| 2OOO.
|o c| Cuaoo |o. sc cscotao
|as c||as oc vo|ucocs va|ocs |-
otaoos oc aa |csca co c| uooo.
/ocas oc sc c| |oc|a| ooucto
cxotaoo, |uoa tab|co cs c| a-
o |otaoo oc aa |csca. |otc
|os aoocs |otaoocs, auoouc a
coo csca|a, sc cocucotao tab|co
|staoos Uo|oos Caoaoa, ouc at|c|-
aoo coo c| 8% oc| tota| oc aa |-
otaoo co c| uooo. |stas c||as c-
| tco cooc| u| ouc c| cocc| o
|otcoac|ooa| oc aa |csca sc oa, co
ao ooc| oo, cotc a| scs
ocsao| | aoos. || cc| o | | | c| to
oc |as |otac|oocs oc aa |csca
tab|co ocsccoo|o cotc +O c|
ao 2OOO, a| asa oc 2+.2 a +83
oo|acs o tooc|aoa.
5/ Preclo lmp|lclto = va|or/vo|umen.
5
1990 1995 1999 2000 Part. % Crec. %
Paises Vo|umen {mi|es de tone|adas)
Mundo 7.152 7.341 7.664 7.974 100 0
Paises Bajos 852 1.221 1.387 1.272 16 4
A|emania 814 907 540 502 6 -6
lta|ia 429 366 412 501 6 0
spaa 334 395 465 481 6 3
UU 372 311 419 365 5 5
Francia 530 414 392 325 4 -3
Reino Unido 377 444 345 321 4 0
Rusia 0 62 204 269 3 -2
Canad 123 229 219 258 3 6
Portuga| 238 107 163 212 3 -4
Uzbekistn 0 8 180 160 2 3
Arge|ia 171 91 87 133 2 -1
Va|or {mi|es de U5$)
Mundo 1.939.718 2.574.687 1.948.583 1.459.826 100 -2
Paises Bajos 96.104 191.014 194.083 95.285 7 2
A|emania 253.105 407.527 155.894 102.199 7 -8
lta|ia 118.395 146.665 116.536 80.735 6 -3
spaa 104.240 184.510 138.077 88.594 6 1
UU 82.354 61.710 98.251 85.864 6 6
Francia 164.241 208.237 113.794 63.343 4 -6
Reino Unido 144.735 196.230 152.245 113.804 8 1
Rusia 0 18.273 25.160 45.477 3 -8
Canad 56.357 64.353 59.411 64.871 4 1
Portuga| 65.033 44.095 49.113 33.955 2 -6
Uzbekistn 0 3.094 27.900 24.800 2 -17
Arge|ia 72.908 38.940 43.920 42.361 3 -1
CUADRO No. 7
lMPORTAClON5 MUNDlAL5 D PAPA FR5CA {VOLUMN Y VALOR)
Serles erratlcas y sln tendencla.
Puente: PAO. Ca|cu|os: Corporacln Co|ombla |nternaclona|.
Paises 1990 1995 2000 Part. % Crec. %
Mi|es Mi|es Mi|es Mi|es Mi|es Mi|es Vo| Va|or Vo| Va|or
ton U5$ ton U5$ ton U5$
Mundo 6.986 1.594.623 7.426 2.329.156 7.552 1.297.231 100 100 0 -1
A|emania 903 113.600 706 116.752 1.354 110.514 18 9 3 0
Paises Bajos 1.828 478.056 1.702 631.033 1.348 251.990 18 19 -5 -5
Francia 455 120.091 611 233.523 1.109 183.975 15 14 8 6
Canad 477 113.138 488 107.417 450 95.221 6 7 3 2
.UU. 148 61.448 265 83.172 324 93.385 4 7 7 4
lta|ia 291 139.797 323 185.740 269 70.810 4 5 -2 -6
spaa 98 31.767 194 102.093 237 56.234 3 4 8 6
Reino Unido 165 51.736 197 93.815 187 57.357 2 4 2 5
Turquia 22 4.617 104 23.871 140 24.956 2 2 -1 0
Bie|orrusia 0 0 122 15.837 116 22.883 2 2 -3 14
lsrae| 40 15.822 49 21.246 86 21.264 1 2 12 9
Chipre 146 63.412 187 95.269 72 19.877 1 1 -7 -11
CUADRO No. 6
XPORTAClON5 MUNDlAL5 D PAPA FR5CA {VOLUMN Y VALOR)
Serles erratlcas y sln tendencla.
Puente: PAO. Ca|cu|os: Corporacln Co|ombla |nternaclona|.
COMLPC|O DL PAPA
CONGLLADA
/ o||ccoc|a oc |a aa |csca, c|
cocc|o |otcoac|ooa| oc |a aa coo-
c|aoa |uc o|oa|co cotc +O c| ao
2OOO: |cotas |as cxotac|oocs oc
aa cooc|aoa ccc|coo co ++%, |as
oc aa |csca sc aotuv|coo act|-
cacotc cstab|cs. |sta s|tuac|oo obc-
occc 'a| ccc||coto cscctacu|a oc|
ccaoo oc a||cotos occsaoos
co|oas a|oas, ouaotc |os u|t|os 3O
aos, ouc |oc|uso |a ||caoo a oo|oa
|a |oa oc cu|t|va |a aa co |uoa
Occ|ocota|, |staoos Uo|oos Caoaoa'
6
.
|o c,c|o, oaoa |a cooccotac|oo oc
|os ovccoocs oc aas ||tas cooc-
|aoas co |os |staoos Uo|oos
/
, |os a|-
cu|tocs cstao oouc|cooo o coota-
to, | as va| coaocs a | os cc| os
octc|oaoos o |os occsaoocs.
Coo sc obscva co c| Cuaoo
|o. 8 |as cxotac|oocs uoo|a|cs oc
aa cooc|aoa sc t|||caoo co c| c-
|ooo oc cstuo|o, taoto co vo|uco coo
co va|o, tc|oaooo co c| ao 2OOO coo
as oc 3 |||oocs oc tooc|aoas. |as cx-
otac|oocs oc aa cooc|aoa cstao
cooccotaoas co |uoa /c|ca oc|
|otc, ouc at|c|aoo coo c| 5% c|
3%, cscct|vacotc. |as cxotac|o-
ocs oc tooos |os a|scs cscotaoo ta-
sas oc ccc||coto os|t|vas co |a u|t|a
occaoa vc Cuaoo |o. 8): o c,c-
|o, |as cxotac|oocs oc aa cooc|a-
oa oc /cot|oa ccc|coo s|o|||cat|va-
cotc cotc +2 c| 2OOO +O-%), a
csa oc ouc c| a|s t|coc uoa at|c|a-
c|oo u ba,a co |as cxotac|oocs uo-
o|a|cs. |stc coota|coto sc cx||ca
oouc cstc a|s aso oc cxota +.23
tooc|aoas co +5 a 5O.2- co c| 2OOO.
|| va|o oc |as cxotac|oocs uo-
o|a|cs oc aa cooc|aoa tab|co sc
|occcoto co c| c|ooo oc cstuo|o,
tc|oaooo co c| ao 2OOO coo +. |-
||oocs oc oo|acs, cs occ|, 6+3 || oo-
|acs as ouc c| va|o oc |as cxota-
6/ GPA|N. La papa, e| nuevo vlajero g|oba|. (Ln
| l nea). Ln bttp://www.gral n.org/sp/
pub|lcatlons/blodlv283-sp.c|m (vlsltado: 10
de dlclembre de 2002).
7/ S|o tres compalas concentran e| 90% de|
mercado de | as papas conge| adas: [.P.
Slmp|ot, Mc Caln Poods y Lamb Weston.
1990 1995 1999 2000 Part. % Crec. %
Paises Vo|umen {mi|es de tone|adas)
Mundo 1.020 1.805 2.773 3.110 100 11
Paises Bajos 519 752 897 914 29 6
Canad 85 234 576 625 20 21
stados Unidos 192 383 491 530 17 12
Francia 28 57 115 140 5 17
A|emania 32 41 44 99 3 9
Po|onia 0 2 31 56 2 81
Argentina 0 1 57 50 2 104
Reino Unido 9 21 39 39 1 20
Nueva Ze|anda 1 11 15 24 1 39
gipto 0 0 8 11 0 83
Hong Kong 1 3 14 10 0 34
Dinamarca 1 4 8 9 0 21
Va|or {mi|es de U5$)
Mundo 761.675 1.620.856 2.031.000 1.910.659 100 11
Paises Bajos 388.835 767.670 683.980 507.865 27 5
Canad 53.529 153.967 383.097 432.977 23 22
stados Unidos 141.669 282.170 361.059 383.322 20 12
Francia 20.168 53.143 87.026 77.759 4 16
A|emania 27.708 45.979 37.141 54.215 3 6
Po|onia 0 1.056 18.903 28.248 1 87
Argentina 0 1.205 51.187 52.963 3 125
Reino Unido 7.806 22.883 42.525 35.625 2 20
Nueva Ze|anda 480 8.660 8.008 11.577 1 35
gipto 0 155 4.217 5.234 0 72
Hong Kong 477 2.408 11.683 7.930 0 32
Dinamarca 756 5.119 6.483 6.106 0 21
CUADRO No. 8
XPORTAClON5 MUNDlAL5 D PAPA CONGLADA {VOLUMN Y VALOR)
Serles erratlcas y sln tendencla.
Puente: PAO. Ca|cu|os: Corporacln Co|ombla |nternaclona|.
7
CUADRO No. 9
lMPORTAClON5 MUNDlAL5 D PAPA CONGLADA {VOLUMN Y VALOR)
Serles erratlcas y sln tendencla.
Puente: PAO. Ca|cu|os: Corporacln Co|ombla |nternaclona|.
c|oocs oc aa |csca. || cc|o |||c|-
to oc |as |otac|oocs oc aa cooc-
|aoa sc aotuvo cstab|c a|cocoo oc
|os +.OOO oo|acs o tooc|aoa. |stos
cc|os c||c,ao |a cstab|||oao oc |os c-
c|os oc |os b|cocs |ooust|a|cs, s|tuac|oo
ouc oo succoc coo |as atc|as |as,
coo sc obscvo co |a ca|oa oc |os c-
c|os |||c|tos oc |a aa |csca.
|staoos Uo|oos tab|co sc ocs-
taca o sc uo ao |otaoo oc aa
cooc|aoa: co c| ao 2OOO at|c|o coo
c| +% oc |as |otac|oocs uoo|a|cs
tuvo uoa tasa oc ccc||coto oc| 23%
cotc +O c| ao 2OOO. Otos ao-
ocs |otaoocs soo |a Uo|oo |uo-
ca, aoo, 3as||, C||oa |cx|co. |o
c| cuaoo |o. sc cscotao |as c||as
oc |otac|oocs oc aa cooc|aoa co
vo|uco co va|o. /uoouc |a at|c|-
ac|oo oc 3as|| |cx|co co |as |o-
tac|oocs uoo|a|cs oc aa cooc|aoa
cs couca, ucs caoa uoo aota so|o
c| 2% oc| vo|uco tota|, sc ocstaca |a
ao o|oa|ca co cstos ccaoos, ucs
ccc|coo a tasas oc 5% oc| 2-% co
|a u|t|a occaoa.
8/ Segun PLDLPAPA se contabl|lzan mas de dos-
clentas varledades, de |as cua|es s|o se ex-
p|otan a nlve| comercla| trelnta.
|aa c| aoa||s|s oc |os cc|os oac|o-
oa|cs oc |a aa |csca sc toaoo c||as
oc| S|stca oc |o|oac|oo oc |cc|os oc|
Sccto /occua|o S||S/, ouc oca |a
Cooac|oo Co|ob|a |otcoac|ooa|. ||
S||S/ |oc|uc + va|coaocs oc aa, oc
|as cua|cs, |as ouc as sc vcooco soo |as
MLPCADO NAC|ONAL
aas ca|a, aoa astusa |-+2. |o c|
Ca||co |o. + sc cscotao |os cc|os
oco|o cosua|cs ao|stas oc |as
|oc|a|cs va|coaocs oc aa |csca
8/
cocc|a||zaoas co |a |aza oc Coabastos
oc 3oota. |a aa sabaoca sc vcoo|o a
cc|os as a|tos ouc |os ocas t|os oc
aa co tooo c| c|ooo oc cstuo|o. ||
cc|o oco|o oc |a aa sabaoca co
|a |aza oc Coabastos oc 3oota cotc
coco oc +8 sct|cbc oc 2OO2
|uc oc $6O5 o |, |cotas aa |a aa
aoa astusa |a |-+2 oca |ucoo oc
$-38 $-O+ o |, cscct|vacotc.
Coo cxccc|oo oc| coota-
|coto oc |os cc|os oc |a aa co c|
2OO2, co ouc sc |a cscotaoo uoa
tcoococ|a ccc|cotc, co aos aotc|o-
cs |os cc|os so|o |ao ccc|oo cotc
1990 1995 1999 2000 Part. % Crec. %
Paises Vo|umen {mi|es de tone|adas)
Mundo 963 1.795 2.882 3.169 100 12
stados Unidos 63 161 472 545 17 23
Reino Unido 123 202 334 353 11 11
Francia 127 217 274 314 10 10
japn 131 200 281 273 9 8
A|emania 133 190 234 247 8 4
lta|ia 79 94 129 150 5 6
spaa 54 106 123 135 4 8
Paises Bajos 27 68 74 130 4 10
Brasi| 0 44 76 78 2 57
lr|anda 45 57 77 74 2 6
China 6 17 44 65 2 24
Mxico 3 21 49 62 2 24
Va|or {mi|es de U5$)
Mundo 794.358 1.707.083 2.233.316 2.087.995 100 11
stados Unidos 39.315 105.020 316.296 381.473 18 24
Reino Unido 95.997 189.315 294.045 219.536 11 10
Francia 95.419 224.459 206.928 181.942 9 9
japn 138.277 216.766 273.620 255.039 12 7
A|emania 110.203 211.667 206.477 155.993 7 3
lta|ia 69.222 104.439 111.356 89.506 4 4
spaa 42.139 80.150 85.119 68.739 3 5
Paises Bajos 23.242 69.473 52.370 63.518 3 6
Brasi| 249 18.985 58.968 59.007 3 56
lr|anda 34.780 56.708 65.815 49.252 2 7
China 5.342 14.633 31.640 48.969 2 22
Mxico 3.223 16.841 36.191 44.316 2 17
coco ao, aa |uco cac co c|
csto oc| ao. Ta| cs c| caso oc| ao
2OOO, co ouc |os cc|os cacoo co-
tc |os cscs oc ab|| octubc aox|-
aoacotc co -5% aa | a aa
astusa co as oc| O% aa |as otas
va|coaocs.
Scuo |a Cooac|oo Co|ob|a
|otcoac|ooa|, c| |occcoto oc |os c-
c|os oc |as o||ccotcs va|coaocs oc aa
oca, ocu|oos co |os |oc|a|cs c-
caoos oc| a|s obcoccc a |a cscasa o|cta
oc| ooucto ouc sc |a c|staoo co |os
u|t|os cscs, ocb|oo a ouc |os oouc-
tocs occ|o|coo a|aza |as s|cbas o a
couc| |as acas scbaoas, aotc c| aouo-
c|o oc| |L|/| oc ouc sc cscota|a c|
|coocoo oc || ||o co c| |c t|-
cstc oc| ao.
/o|c|ooa|cotc, |os ba,os cc|os
c|staoos co c| 2OO+, coot|bucoo a
ouc |os a|cu|tocs sc |oaao cxccta-
t|vas oc ba,a cotab|||oao oc |os cu|t|vos, |o
cua| c|ozo |a ca|oa co |as acas ocst|oa-
oas a| cu|t|vo oc aa. Tab|co sc csco-
taoo ob|cas ||tosao|ta|os o |as ||u-
v|as, ouc |avocc|coo |a aa|c|oo oc
|ooos co|ccoaocs, ouc a|cctaoo
|a o|cta oc aa.
|o cx|stc uo ccaoo ouc c|aa-
cotc sca c| octc|oaotc co |a |oa-
c|oo oc |os cc|os aa tooas |as va|c-
oaocs oc aa, co s| sc ucoc ocstaca
|a |otaoc|a ouc t|coco |os ccaoos
oc| ccoto oc| a|s co |a octc|oac|oo
oc| cc|o oac|ooa| aa va|coaocs coo
|a aoa astusa o |a |-+2, |cotas ouc
/ot|oou|a |o ucoc sc aa |a ca|a o |a
ocvaoa.
|o oto |aoo, cx|stco c|cco-
c|as c|ooa|cs o a|uoas va|coaocs:
as auo, va|coaocs coo |a cuaooa
so|o t|coco uo cocc|o ao|sta oc
|otaoc|a co c| ccaoo oc 3oota,
|cotas ouc |a aoa astusa cs oco
actcc|oa co |os ccaoos oc |a Costa
/t|aot|ca csta va|coao cs uc|o as
ccccoca ouc |as otas t|cooc a
coc cootcxtua oucza cuaooo cs
soct|oa a |aos c|ooos oc taoso-
tc, azoo o |a cua| |os cocc|aotcs
oc |a Costa c||cco aouc||as va|coa-
ocs ouc ouao as ouc cs|stco c|
taosotc |a ao|u|ac|oo s|o ouc sc
octc|oc su ca||oao). |o obstaotc cstc
csouca oc c|ccoc|as, cuaooo co
GRAFlCO No. 1
PRClO5 MAYORl5TA5 D PAPA N BOGOTA {$/KG)
Puente: S|PSA.
GRAFlCO No. 2
BALANZA COMRClAL D LA PAPA FR5CA {MlL5 U5$)
Puente: D|AN. Ca|cu|os: Corporacln Co|ombla |nternaclona|.
uo ccaoo oo |a o|cta su||c|cotc oc
|a va|coao ouc c||cco |os coa-
oocs, |ab|tua|cotc sc buscao otas
va|coaocs ouc sc coos|ocao bucoas
sust|tutas.
|| s|stca cocc|a| oc |a aa
csta |oaoo o oos aoocs b|ooucs:
o uoa atc, cstao |os ccaoos oc
Ca||, |coc|||o, |cc|a, /co|a 3o-
ota, ooooc sc cooccota uoa atc s|-
o|||cat|va oc |a ocaooa oc aa aa
su coosuo co |csco coo |osuo
aa |a |ooust|a occsaooa. |os c-
c| os ao| stas co cstos ccaoos
ucstao uo atoo oc coota|coto
c|at|vacotc |ua|. || s|stca sc co-
|ccota a| |ocooa|c |os ccaoos
oc ||a|cs ||oc co c| cocc|o oc aa
co c| su oc| a| s) 3ucaaaoa
\|||a|ozoo |otaotcs oouc co c||os
sc cooccota uoa a|ta ooc|oo oc|
ooucto ouc sc coscc|a co c| ccoto
oc| a|s co |otc oc Saotaooc
9
GRAFlCO No. 3
D5TlNO D LA PAPA FR5CA COLOMBlANA. 2001
Puente: D|AN. Ca|cu|os: Corporacln Co|ombla |nternaclona|.
9/ La ba|anza comercla| es lgua| a| va|or de |as expor-
taclones menos e| va|or de |as lmportaclones.
10/La re|acln de| vo|umen de exportacln/vo-
|umen de lmportacln es mayor que uno.
11/La slgulente seccln se basa en e| Manua| de|
Lxportador de Prutas, Horta|lzas y Tubr-
cu|os de Co|ombla. CD Pom. Mlnlsterlo de
Agrlcu|tura y Desarro||o Pura| - Corporacln
Co|ombla |nternaclona|. 2002.
oouc soo ccotos oc o|st|buc|oo oc|
ooucto ouc sc cov|a |ac|a c| ootc
oc| a|s o |ac|a \coczuc|a). Lc csa
aoca, sc coo|oa c| ouc|co as
ccscotat|vo oc| cocc|o oc aa co
Co|ob|a, oouc soo |os ccaoos
ooooc sc coca c| cc|o ouc tasc|co-
oc a |os o||ccotcs caoa|cs. |a s|||a
cvo|uc|oo oc |os cc|os co cstas c|uoa-
ocs c|tc cooc|u| ouc c| ccaoo
oc |a aa csta bastaotc |otcaoo.
|x|stco, aocas, subs|stcas c-
|ooa|cs oc abastcc||coto oc aa: uoo
oc c||os cs c| |oaoo o |coc|||o |os
ccaoos c| ooa| cs oc| o| cotc
aot|oouco. |o |as zooas ||as oc /ot|oou|a
ub|caoas co |os uo|c||os oc |a Uo|oo,
|| Saotua|o, || Caco oc \|boa|, ||
|co|, cotc otos, sc cu|t|vao o||ccotcs
va|coaocs oc aas oca c|o||a |a
ooucc|oo oc csta zooa cs oco|caoa a
sat|s|acc |a ocaooa oc sus |ab|taotcs
|a oc |os ccaoos oc |coc|||o |oo-
tc|a. |stc subs|stca oc cocc|a||za-
c|oo ouc tab|co sc cocucota c|at|va-
cotc |otcaoo.
8ALANZA COMLPC|AL DL
PAPA
|otc ++ c| ao 2OO+ |a ba-
|aoza cocc|a| oc aa |csca
/
|uc
os|t|va aa Co|ob|a, coo cxccc|oo
oc +8 vc Ca||co |o. 2). S|o c-
bao, a at| oc cstc ao c| va|o o-
co|o oc |a ba|aoza cocc|a| |uc |o|c-
|o a| oc co|cozos oc |a occaoa. |aa
c| ao 2OO+ Co|ob|a cxoto 28.5O3
tooc|aoas oc aa |csca o uo va|o
oc 8,5 |||oocs oc oo|acs.
Coo sc ocsc|b|o co c| aatc
sobc ccaoo uoo|a|, |os a|scs oc
|a Uo|oo |uoca cooccotao as oc|
5% oc| cocc|o |otcoac|ooa| oc
aa |csca. Lcoto oc |os |oc|a|cs
MLPCADOS |NTLPNAC|ONALLS
|a ba|aoza cocc|a| oc |a aa
cooc|aoa o coo a|uoa caac|oo |uc
ocat|va aa Co|ob|a |asta +8. Sc
ocstaca ouc, a |o |ao oc |a occaoa, c|
va|o oc |as cxotac|oocs oc aa coo-
c|aoa ccc|o a uoa tasa oc 6-% aoua|
oco|o ouc c| va|o oc |as |ota-
c|oocs, ouc ccc|o coos|ocab|ccotc
|asta +8, o|s|ouo co uo 5O% cs-
ccto a| va|o ouc sc c|sto co csc
ao. |sc coota|coto coot|buo a
cab|a |a ba|aoza cocc|a| oc aa
occsaoa a |avo oc Co|ob|a. Coo
csccto a |as cxotac|oocs oc aa
cooc|aoa o coo a|uoa caac|oo,
cotc +O c| 2OO+, Co|ob|a aso
oc cxota 83 tooc|aoas o 3- || oo-
|acs a +.2+3 tooc|aoas, o uo va|o
oc 2.5 |||oocs oc oo|acs.
|o c| ao 2OO+ Co|ob|a cxo-
to 28,5O3 tooc|aoas oc aa |csca,
s|cooo \coczuc|a c| |oc|a| cas| uo|-
co ocst|oo. |o cuaoto a aa cooc|a-
oa o coo a|uo t|o oc caac|oo, co
csc ao sc cxotaoo +,2+3 tooc|a-
oas, cas| tooas a \coczuc|a. Otos ocs-
t|oos |otaotcs oc |a aa cooc|aoa
co|ob|aoa |ucoo aoo |staoos
Uo|oos , a|oa|cotc, |cuaoo. |o-
tc +5 c| ao 2OO+ |as cxotac|o-
ocs co|ob|aoas oc aa occsaoa c-
scotaoo ao o|oa|ca ouc |as oc
aa |csca, a| cccc a tasas oc 8%
-6%, cscct|vacotc.
/uoouc Co| ob| a cs uo
cxotaoo octo oc aa |csca
+O/
, sc
cscotaoo |otac|oocs o ,6-3
tooc|aoas co c| ao 2OO+. Tcs a|scs
oc |a Uo|oo |uoca |ucoo |os |oc|-
a|cs o|cocs oc o|c|as |otac|o-
ocs, |c|oo Uo|oo, |aoc|a 3c||ca-
|uxcbuo, coo uo aotc oc| 8%
ocoto oc| tota|. |o ota atc, co csc
ao Co|ob|a |oto 2.386 tooc|a-
oas oc aa cooc|aoa occocotcs oc
|a Uo|oo |uoca, Caoaoa |staoos
Uo|oos.
|otaoocs tab|co sc cocucotao
|staoos Uo|oos Caoaoa, ouc at|c|-
ao coo c| 5% c| 3% oc| tota|. |as
caactc|st|cas oc cstos ccaoos sc
ocsc|bco a coot|ouac|oo
++/
.
UN|ON LUPOPLA
|o c| ao 2OO+ |a Uo|oo |uoca
at|c|o coo c| +5% oc |a ooucc|oo
uoo|a| oc aa |csca |os aocs
oouctocs |ucoo /|cao|a, |a|scs
B|oque Principa|es proveedores Nive| de concentracin
Comunidad Andina Canada 37%, Lstados Unldos 37%, Co|ombla 25% A|tamente concentrado
Mercado Comn Centro Americano Guatema|a 52%, Lstados Unldos 18%, Canada 13% A|tamente concentrado
Mercosur Argentlna 53%, 8rasl| 28%, Cbl|e 12% A|tamente concentrado
Nafta Canada 89%, Lstados Unldos 11% A|tamente concentrado
CUADRO No. 10
CONCNTRAClON DL MRCADO D PAPA FR5CA
Puente: Data |nta| 3.0. Ca|cu|os: Observatorlo Agrocadenas Co|ombla.
GRAFlCO No. 5
PRClO5 lMPLlClTO5 D lMPORTAClON5 D PAPA
N PAl55 D D5TlNO FRNT A PRClO5
D XPORTAClON5 D COLOMBlA
Puente: PAO. Ca|cu|os: Corporacln Co|ombla |nternaclona|.
3a,os, |c|oo Uo|oo |aoc|a. |a |tao
oc |a aa oouc|oa sc coosuc co
|csco co |os a|scs oouctocs, c| 32%
sc occsa c| cstaotc +8% sc cx-
ota. |a |ooust|a occsaooa oc aa
co |aoc|a cs uoa oc |as as |uctcs oc
|a Uo|oo |uoca, |uco oc |a |o|aooc-
sa |a a|caoa |a va|coao c|c|oa
aa c| occsa| coto cs | a |ao
|osscta.
|as |otac|oocs cxtacouo|ta|as
oc aa ccscotao c| +3,% oc| va|o
c| % oc| vo|uco oc |as |otac|oocs
a|co|as tota|cs. Coo -. |||oocs oc to-
oc|aoas, |a Uo|oo |uoca at|c|o coo c|
62% oc |as |otac|oocs uoo|a|cs oc
aa co c| ao 2OOO. |o vo|uco, |a|scs
3a,os, 3c||ca /|cao|a |ucoo |os |o-
c|a|cs |otaoocs oc aa |csca, |co-
tas |c|oo Uo|oo |uc c| a|s ouc as |-
oto co va|o, a| c|sta |otac|oocs
o ++3 |||oocs oc oo|acs. ||to, |sac|
C||c ovcco tcs cuatas atcs oc
|as |otac|oocs cxtacouo|ta|as, tao-
to co va|o coo co vo|uco. |o c| ao
2OOO aotaoo 255 || tooc|aoas oc aa
o va|o oc 82.2 |||oocs oc oo|acs.
LSTADOS UN|DOS Y
CANADA
|| +% oc |os |ocsos oc| sccto
a|cu|to cstaoouo|ocosc ov|coco oc|
cu|t|vo oc |a aa. |stc ooucto cs cu|t|-
vaoo a||acotc co |staoos Uo|oos, so-
bc tooo co |os |staoos oc| ocstc oc| a|s,
cotc c||os |a|oc |oa|o. |a va|coao as
cu|t|vaoa cs |a |ussct a ouc t|coc a|ta acc-
tac|oo co c| ccaoo, aocas oc bucoas
cooo|c|oocs aa su occsa|coto, ouc
sc ao|||cstao co uo a|to cootco|oo oc so-
||oos uoa ba,a ccc|b|||oao. || O% oc |a
coscc|a oc aa co |staoos Uo|oos sc c-
co|ccta co |a tcoaoa oc otoo c|
+O% cstaotc co |a |avca.
GRAFlCO No. 4
PROVDOR5 D PAPA FR5CA CON D5TlNO
A LA UNlON UROPA. 2000
Puente: Manua| de| Lxportador de Prutas, Horta|lzas y Tubrcu|os de Co|ombla.
11
12/Ln e| ao 2000 Canada partlclp con e|
99.8% de |as lmportaclones de Lstados
Unldos.
13/La papa es e| prlnclpa| cu|tlvo canadlense:
aporta e| 40% a| comerclo agrlco|a de Ca-
nada.
14/Puente: Observatorlo Agrocadenas Co|om-
bla, mdu|o de lnte|lgencla de mercados.
15/Para todos |os ca|cu|os se tomaron |as serles de
comerclo exterlor de |a PAO por ser |a unlca
|uente que permlte comparar mejor |a evo|u-
cln de esas varlab|es entre |os dlstlntos palses
de| mundo.
16/Puede baber a|guna lnconslstencla en |as cl-
|ras de PAO ya que e| prlnclpa| destlno de |a
papa co|omblana es venezue|a, mercado que,
ademas, es domlnado por nuestro pals Co-
|ombla.
17/Categorlas de concentracln de un merca-
do: A|tamente concentrado: tres mayores
proveedores concentran mas de| 70%.
Concentrado: tres mayores proveedores con-
centran entre e| 50% y 70%.
Pe|atlvamente concentrado: tres mayores
proveedores concentran entre e| 30% y
49%.
Atomlzado: tres mayores proveedores con-
centran menos de| 30%.
GRAFlCO No. 6
PRClO lMPLlClTO D LA5 lMPORTAClON5 D PAPA N
CNTROAMRlCA FRNT AL PRClO D XPORTAClON5
COLOMBlANA5. PROMDlO 1996-2000. U5$/TON
Puente: PAO. Ca|cu|os: Corporacln Co|ombla |nternaclona|.
Caoaoa cs c| |oc|a| , act|ca-
cotc, c| uo|co cxotaoo oc aa |ac|a
|staoos Uo|oos
+2/
abastccc cscc|a|co-
tc |a costa ocstc oc cstc a|s, |cotas |a
costa cstc sc autoabastccc. |as |oc|a-
|cs vcota,as oc Caoaoa soo c| ba,o costo
oc| ooucto, su cccao|a, |as ccooo|as
oc csca|a
+3/
, |as c|ccoc|as aaocc|a|as
co c| aco oc| Tataoo oc ||bc Coc-
c|o oc |otcac|ca.
|| coosuo c ca|ta oc aa
|csca co |staoos Uo|oos cs a|to co-
aaoo coo c| coosuo uoo|a| c| oc
Co|ob|a 8O, 5O 6 |||oaos o
csooa a| ao cscct|vacotc
+-/
). S|o
cbao, auoouc c| 5-% oc |os c|uoa-
oaoos ao|||cstao coosu| aa o|a-
|acotc, so|acotc c| 2% oc |a o-
oucc| oo sc cocc| a| | za co cstaoo
|csco, ocb|oo a |a c|ccoc|a ccc|co-
tc o |as co|oas a|oas |os oouc-
tos occsaoos cooc|aoos. Scuo c|
ocst|oo |ooust|a| oc |a aa c| 6O% co-
csoooc a aa cooc|aoa, uo 36%
sc ut|||za aa ocs||oata, c| cstaotc
aa |a ooucc|oo oc |a|oas.
PPLC|OS
|NTLPNAC|ONALLS
|o c| Ca| | co |o. 5 sc c-
scota | a cvo| uc| oo oc | os cc| os | -
| | c| tos
+5/
oc | as | otac| oocs oc
aa | csca co | os | oc| a| cs c-
caoos oc | a Uo| oo |uoca, |sta-
oos Uo| oos Caoaoa. || a| | co,
aocas, | oc| uc | as sc| cs oc c-
c| os | | | c| tos oc | as cxotac| oocs
co| ob| aoas oc aa oc | ota-
c| oocs oc \coczuc| a, | oc| a| so-
c| o cocc| a| oc Co| ob| a.
|otc +6 c| ao 2OOO Co|o-
b|a cxoto aa a cc|os |||c|tos su-
c|ocs a |os cc|os |||c|tos oc |as |-
otac|oocs oc |os aoocs ccaoos. |o
oco|o, c| cc|o oc |a aa co|ob|a-
oa |uc oc 32O.8- oo|acs o tooc|aoa,
|cotas |a Uo|oo |uoca, |staoos Uo|-
oos, Caoaoa \coczuc|a coaoo aa
|csca a cc|os oco|o oc 2O3.6,
223.63, 26O.O5 238.+ oo|acs o to-
oc|aoa, cscct|vacotc.
Coo sc obscva, \coczuc|a |-
oto a uo cc|o |||c|to oco|o |o|c-
|o a| oc |as cxotac|oocs oc aa |cs-
ca co|ob|aoas
+6/
. Sc ocstaca, aocas,
ouc \coczuc|a ao uo cc|o as a|to
o |a aa |csca ouc |os cc|os ouc
sc aaoo co |a Uo|oo |uoca |s-
taoos Uo|oos ouc, oaoa |a ox||oao
coa||ca cotc Co|ob|a o|c|o a|s,
ucoc sc uo c, o ccaoo aa
Co|ob|a ouc |os aoocs |otaoo-
cs uoo|a|cs.
|o c| Cuaoo |o. +O sc obscva
ouc |as |otac|oocs oc aa |csca co
|os a|scs oc /c|ca cstao a|tacotc coo-
ccotaoas co uoos ocos ovccoocs
+/
,
s|tuac|oo ouc o|||cu|ta c| acccso a o|c|os
ccaoos oaoo c| o|vc| oc os|c|ooa-
|coto oc |os |oc|a|cs ovccoocs
a cstab|cc|oos. Coo cxccc|oo oc
|ccosu oc| |ccaoo Couo Cco-
to /c|caoo, ouc soo su||oos co
ao co|oa o |os |sos a|scs
oc| b|oouc, |staoos Uo|oos Caoaoa
soo |os aoocs ovccoocs oc aa
|csca oc /c|ca.
|o |os a||cos 6, 8 sc cscota
c| oco|o oc| cc|o |||c|to oc |as |-
otac|oocs oc aa |csca, cotc +6
c| ao 2OOO, aa | os a| scs oc
Ccotoac|ca, |as |s|as oc| Ca|bc
Suac|ca. /ocas, co caoa a||co sc
obscva c| cc|o oco|o oc |as cxo-
tac|oocs oc aa co|ob|aoa, coo c| ob,c-
t|vo oc |acc uo aoa||s|s oc ootuo|oa-
ocs v|a cc|os, co |os o||ccotcs a|scs.
S| coos|ocaos |a |o|oac|oo oc|
Ca||co |o. 6 csu|ta ouc Co|ob|a, aa-
cotccotc, so|o sc|a coct|t|va co |os
ccaoos oc |aoaa, ooouas, Cuatc-
a|a 3c||cc, ucs |os cc|os |||c|tos
oc sus |otac|oocs soo s|o|||cat|vacotc
suc|ocs a |os cc|os oco|o oc cx-
otac|oo co|ob|aoos.
Co|ob|a sc|a coct|t|va co a|t|,
3abaoos, Caoaoa, /ot|||as o|aoocsas,
Lo|o|ca, 3a|aas 3cuoas, a ouc c|
cc|o |||c|to oco|o oc sus |ota-
GRAFlCO No. 8
PRClO lMPLlClTO D LA5 lMPORTAClON5 D PAPA N
5URAMRlCA FRNT AL PRClO D XPORTAClON5
COLOMBlANA5. PROMDlO 1996-2000. U5$/TON
Puente: PAO. Ca|cu|os: Corporacln Co|ombla |nternaclona|.
GRAFlCO No. 7
PRClO lMPLlClTO D LA5 lMPORTAClON5 D PAPA N
L CARlB FRNT A PRClO D XPORTAClON5
COLOMBlANA5. PROMDlO 1996-2000. U5$/TON
Puente: PAO. Ca|cu|os: Corporacln Co|ombla |nternaclona|.
c|oocs oc aa |uc suc|o a| cc|o o-
co|o oc cxotac|oocs oc oucsto a|s.
Scuo |os cc|os |||c|tos, |os a|-
scs oc /c|ca oc| Su co |os ouc |ab|a
ootuo|oao oc cxota aa co|o-
b|aoa soo 3o||v|a |cuaoo. |os ocas
a|scs |ao |otaoo a cc|os as ba-
,os csccto a |os cc|os oc cxota-
c|oocs oc aa oc Co|ob|a.
|staoos Uo|oos Caoaoa soo |os
as |otaotcs ovccoocs oc aa
|csca oc| coot|ocotc ac|caoo: ao-
tao tooa |a aa |csca a| |ccaoo oc|
Tataoo oc ||bc Cocc|o oc /c|-
ca oc| |otc +OO%) t|coco s|o|||ca-
t|vas at|c|ac|oocs co |as |otac|o-
ocs oc aa oc| |ccaoo Couo
Ccoto /c|caoo 3+%), oc |as |s|as
oc| Ca|bc as oc| 65%) oc |a Co-
uo|oao /oo|oa oc |ac|oocs -%).
Laoo c| o|vc| oc os|c|ooa|coto oc
|staoos Uo|oos Caoaoa, aocas oc
|as cst|cc|oocs ||tosao|ta|as aa c| ac-
ccso oc |a aa |csca co|ob|aoa a cs-
tos a|scs
+8/
, cs ocas|aoo co||caoo
cosa co cota a cstos ccaoos.
|csccto a| |ccaoo Couo Cco-
toac|caoo, aatc oc |os ovccoocs
coc|ooaoos, |a ao atc oc |a aa
|otaoa ov|coc oc Cuatca|a 52%),
a|s |cbo oc cstc ccaoo ouc, o
cccao|a, t|coc ba,os costos oc taosotc.
/o|c|ooa|cotc, c| acccso a cstc cca-
oo csta cst|o|oo, a ouc Cuatca|a, ||
Sa|vaoo, ooouas ||caaua
+/
cobao
uo aaocc| oc| +5% a |a aa co|ob|aoa
Costa ||ca coba c| -8%. |stas caactc-
|st|cas oc| |CC/ |acco u o|||c|| c| ac-
ccso oc |a aa |csca co|ob|aoa.
|| Ca|bc |osu|a sc cscota coo
uo ccaoo |otccsaotc aa |a aa |cs-
ca co|ob|aoa. S|o cbao, ocbc tcoc-
sc co cucota ouc c| ao ovccoo cs
|staoos Uo|oos ouc c| |oc|a| s|stca
oc taosotc oc a||cotos |ac|a c| Ca|-
bc cs a tavcs oc ccsas oc ||o|oa, cs-
cc|a|cotc oc ||a|
2O/
. |o ota atc,
oaoa |a cccao|a a| Ca|bc cs os|b|c cx-
|oa otas |oas oc taosotc ouc
c|tao a Co|ob|a ||ca coo aa
|csca a cc|os coct|t|vos. |o cstc
caso ocbco cootc|asc otos costos,
ocoto oc |os cua|cs sc |oc|uco |os aao-
cc|a|os. /|uoas |s|as, coo Cuba, |c-
ub||ca Lo|o|caoa, a|t| aa|ca soo
oouctoas oc aa otcco sus
ccaoos a tavcs oc |os aaocc|cs.
|o cuaoto a |a Couo|oao /oo|oa
oc |ac|oocs, C/|, |a ouc ccooa
ouc |staoos Uo|oos Caoaoa ovcco
oc| -% oc |a aa |csca |otaoa co
cstc ccaoo, |cotas Co|ob|a aota
c| 25%. \coczuc|a |a s|oo c| |oc|a|
ocst|oo oc |a aa co|ob|aoa. Laoa |a
cccao|a cotc a|scs a ococ|ac|oocs
co c| aco oc |a C/|, oo|a busca-
sc acucoos coo |os ocas a|scs oc |a
C/| aa a||a oucstas cxotac|o-
ocs oc aa |csca.
18/La papa |resca co|omblana no es acceslb|e
en Lstados Unldos.
19/Adlclona|mente, Nlcaragua lmpuso un aran-
ce| ||amado lmpuesto a |a soberanla a Hon-
duras y a Co|ombla por |a dlsputa de areas
marltlmas que actua|mente tlene con e||os.
20/Lntre e| 50% y 75% de toda |a comlda lm-
portada por e| Carlbe ||ega por este medlo.