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FOTOGRAMETRIA

1.TRANSFORMACION DE COORDENADAS BIDIMENCIONALES - AFIN


DATOS
ECUACION GENERAL
TERRENO
PUNTOS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

x
55.149
167.716
281.150
168.580
228.498
270.307
259.080

FOTO

y
159.893
273.302
160.706
47.299
105.029
199.949
231.064

X
-113.000
0.000
113.000
0.000

Y
0.000
113.000
0.000
-113.000

DE LA ECUACION GENERAL SE DESPRENDE MATRAICIALMENTE

A
55.149
0
167.716
0
281.15
0
168.58
0

159.893
0
273.302
0
160.706
0
47.299
0

0
55.149
0
167.716
0
281.15
0
168.58

0
159.893
0
273.302
0
160.706
0
47.299

1
0
1
0
1
0
1
0

0
1
0
1
0
1
0
1

PARA HALLAR LOS PARAMETRSO (a,b,c,d, tx, ty)


X=((At*A))-1)*(At*L)

At (transpuesta de A)

55.149
-159.893
0
0
1
0

0
0
55.149
159.893
0
1

167.716
-273.302
0
0
1
0

0
0
167.716
273.302
0
1

281.15
-160.706
0
0
1
0

0
0
281.15
160.706
0
1

168.58
-47.299
0
0
1
0

0
0
168.58
47.299
0
1

(At * A)

UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL MAYOR DE SAN MARCOS

Pgina 1

FOTOGRAMETRIA

138634.6078 107811.2146
0
0
-107811.2146 -128323.3685
0
0
0
0
138634.6078 107811.2146
0
0
107811.2146 128323.3685
672.595
641.2
0
0
0
0
672.595
641.2

672.595
-641.2
0
0
4
0

0
0
672.595
641.2
0
4

INVERSA DE ((At * A)-1)

3.91564E-05
8.8372E-09
0
0
-0.006585519
0

-8.8372E-09
0
0 -0.006585519
0
-3.91558E-05
0
0 -0.006278159
0
0 3.91564E-05
8.8372E-09
0 -0.006585519
0
8.8372E-09 3.91558E-05
0 -0.006278159
0.006278159
0
0 2.363735729
0
0 -0.006585519 -0.006278159
0 2.363735729

(At*A))-1)*(At)
-0.004424669
0
-1.59463E-05
0
0.004424728
0
1.58876E-05
0
-1.6935E-05
0
0.004424679
0
1.68959E-05
0
-0.00442464
0
0
-0.004424669
0
-1.59463E-05
0
0.004424728
0
1.58876E-05
0
-1.6935E-05
0
0.004424679
0
1.68959E-05
0
-0.00442464
0.996717238
0
-0.45659465
0
-0.496720838
0
0.95659825
0
0
0.996717238
0
-0.45659465
0
-0.496720838
0
0.95659825

L
-113
0
0
113
113
0
0
-113

UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL MAYOR DE SAN MARCOS

Pgina 2

FOTOGRAMETRIA

X=((At*A))-1)*(At*L)
a=
b=
c=
d=
tx =
ty =

TERRENO
x
y
55.149
159.893
167.716
273.302
281.150
160.706
168.580
47.299
228.498
105.029
270.307
199.949
259.080
231.064

0.999981823
0.003822889
-0.003597232
0.999972974
-168.7585026
-159.6907976

FOTO
X
Y
-113.000
0.000
0.000
113.000
113.000
0.000
0.000
-113.000
60.137
-55.487
102.308
39.280
91.200
70.435

HALLANDO LOS RESIDUOS


FORMULA= V=AX-L
-112.9992519
-0.000502691
-0.000748068
113.0005027
113.0007481
-0.000502678
-0.000748082
-112.9994973

-113
0
0
113
113
0
0
-113

0.000748085
-0.000502691
-0.000748068
0.00050268
0.000748065
-0.000502678
-0.000748082
0.000502689

FORMULA HALLAR LA DESVIACION ESTANDAR

m= numero de incognitas
n= nuemro de observaciones
V
0.000748085
-0.000748068
0.000748065
-0.000748082
VT*V

VT
0.00074808 -0.000748068 0.000748065 -0.000748082

2.23846E-06

UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL MAYOR DE SAN MARCOS

Pgina 3

FOTOGRAMETRIA

0.001057938

significa que el 68% de los resultados de X tiene como desvio estandar 0.001057938mm

TRANSFORMACION DE CORDENADAS-BIDIMENSIONAL PROYECTIVA


TERRENO
PUNTOS
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

x
55.149
167.716
281.150
168.580
228.498
207.307
259.080

FOTO

y
159.893
273.302
160.706
47.299
105.029
199.949
231.064

X
-113.000
0.000
113.000
0.000

Y
0.000
113.000
0.000
-113.000

RESOLUCION
55.143
0.000
167.716
0.000
281.150
0.000
168.580
0.000

0.000
55.143
0.000
167.716
0.000
281.150
0.000
168.580

6231.837
0.000
0.000
-18951.908
-31769.950
0.000
0.000
19049.540

159.893
0.000
273.302
0.000
160.706
0.000
47.299
0.000

0.000
159.893
0.000
273.302
0.000
160.706
0.000
47.299

18067.909
0.000
0.000
-30883.126
0.000
0.000
0.000
5344.787

1.000
0.000
1.000
0.000
1.000
0.000
1.000
0.000

L
-113.000
0.000
0.000
113.000
113.000
0.000
0.000
-113.000

0.000
1.000
0.000
1.000
0.000
1.000
0.000
1.000
8,8

X = ((AT*A)-1)(AT)(L)

55.143
0.000
6231.837
159.893
0.000
18067.909
1.000
0.000

0.000
55.143
0.000
0.000
159.893
0.000
0.000
1.000

167.716
0.000
0.000
273.302
0.000
0.000
1.000
0.000

0.000
167.716
-18951.908
0.000
273.302
-30883.126
0.000
1.000

281.150
0.000
-31769.950
160.706
0.000
0.000
1.000
0.000

0.000
281.150
0.000
0.000
160.706
0.000
0.000
1.000

168.580
0.000
0.000
47.299
0.000
0.000
1.000
0.000

0.000
168.580
19049.540
0.000
47.299
5344.787
0.000
1.000

AT*A
138633.946
0.000
-8588479.255
0.000
138633.946
32833.251
-8588479.255 32833.251
1770225306.449
107810.255
0.000
-4109194.471
0.000
107810.255
-4278570.168
996318.706 -4278570.168 799706160.271
672.589
0.000
-25538.113
0.000
672.589
97.632

107810.255
0.000
-4109194.471
128323.368
0.000
2888932.174
641.200
0.000

0.000
996318.706
672.589
107810.255 -4278570.168
0.000
-4278570.168 799706160.271 -25538.113
0.000
2888932.174
641.200
128323.368 -8187617.022
0.000
-8187617.022 1308783555.240 18067.909
0.000
18067.909
4.000
641.200
-25538.339
0.000

UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL MAYOR DE SAN MARCOS

0.000
672.589
97.632
0.000
641.200
-25538.339
0.000
4.000

Pgina 4

FOTOGRAMETRIA
(AT*A)-1
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.001
0.000
-0.071
-0.075

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
-0.006

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

1.000
-0.004
0.000
0.004
1.000
0.000
-168.753
-159.691

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
-0.007
0.000

a1 =
a2 =
a3 =
b1 =
b2 =
b3 =
c1 =
c2 =

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

0.001
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.001
0.000
-0.081
-0.100

0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000

-0.071
0.000
0.000
-0.007
-0.081
0.000
12.312
11.579

-0.075
-0.006
0.000
0.000
-0.100
0.000
11.579
15.854

x
55.149
167.716
281.150
168.580
228.498
207.307
259.080

y
159.893
273.302
160.706
47.299
105.029
199.949
231.064

X
-113.000
0.000
113.000
0.000
60.1357
39.3086
91.1980

Y
0.000
113.000
0.000
-113.000
-55.486
39.508
70.436

X=

(a1
(a3

x1)
x1)

+
+

(b1
(b3

y1)
y1)

+
+

c1
1.000

Y=

(a2
(a3

x1)
x1)

+
+

(b2
(b3

y1)
y1)

+
+

c2
1.000

X1 =

55.146
0.000

+
+

0.611
0.000

+
+

-168.753
1.000

-112.9950

Y=

-0.198
0.000

+
+

159.889
0.000

+
+

-159.691
1.000

0.0000

X2 =

167.708
0.000

+
+

1.045
0.000

+
+

-168.753
1.000

0.0000

Y2=

-0.603
0.000

+
+

273.295
0.000

+
+

-159.691
1.000

113.0000

X3 =

281.136
0.000

+
+

0.614
0.000

+
+

-168.753
1.000

112.9980

Y3=

-1.011
0.000

+
+

160.702
0.000

+
+

-159.691
1.000

0.0000

UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL MAYOR DE SAN MARCOS

Pgina 5

FOTOGRAMETRIA
X4 =

168.572
0.000

+
+

0.181
0.000

+
+

-168.753
1.000

0.0000

Y4=

-0.606
0.000

+
+

47.298
0.000

+
+

-159.691
1.000

-113.0000

TRANSFORMACION DE CORDENADAS-TRIDIEMNSIONAL CONFORME


TERRENO
X
Y
607.540
501.630
589.980
632.360
643.650
421.280
628.580
440.510
66.270
298.160
632.590
710.620

PUNTOS
R10
A
B
C
D
E
R11
F
G
H
I

FOTO
Z
469.090
82.810
83.500
62.220
98.290
103.010

x
390.350
371.680
425.650
410.500
448.220
414.600
611.370
637.49
573.32
647
533.51

y
499.630
630.840
419.070
438.310
295.830
709.490
498.980
323.67
401.51
373.97
285.01

Z
469.43
81.25
82.49
81.13
97.79
101.77
470.45
83.67
81.48
83.76
87.13

RESOLUCION
X =RT(X)
X
Y
Z

1
0
0

0
1
0

0
0
1

x
y
z

sen()=
cos()=

0
1

sen()=
cos()=

0
1

sen()=
cos()=

0
1

PUNTO R10
Xp
390.35
Yp
499.63
Zp
469.43

PUNTO A
Xp
Yp
Zp

PUNTO R10
Xp
Yp
Zp

508.285
511.02
466.94

PUNTO B
371.68
630.84
81.25

Xp
Yp
Zp

489.615
642.23
78.76

Xp
Yp
Zp

PUNTO A
Xp
Yp
Zp

tx
ty
tz

UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL MAYOR DE SAN MARCOS

425.65
419.07
82.49

Xp
Yp
Zp

543.585
430.46
80

Xp
Yp
Zp

PUNTO B

PUNTO C
410.5
438.31
81.13

PUNTO C
528.435
449.7
78.64

Pgina 6

FOTOGRAMETRIA

Xp
Yp
Zp

PUNTO D
448.22
295.83
97.79

Xp
Yp
Zp

PUNTO D
Xp
Yp
Zp

566.155
307.22
95.3

PUNTO E
414.6
709.49
101.77

PUNTO E
Xp
Yp
Zp

532.535
720.88
99.28

Los valores de las derivadas parciales son para el punto R10


para X
X/ =
X/ =
X/() =
X/k =
X/Tx =
X/Ty =
X/Tz =

para Y
390.35
0
469.43

-499.63
1
0
0

Y/ =
Y/ =
Y/() =
Y/k =
Y/Tx =
Y/Ty =
Y/Tz =

para Z
499.63
-469.43
0
390.35
0
1
0

Z/ =
Z/ =
Z/() =
Z/k =
Z/Tx =
Z/Ty =
Z/Tz =

469.43
499.63
-390.35
0
0
0
1

Los valores de las derivadas parciales son para el punto A


para X
X/ =
X/ =
X/() =
X/k =
X/Tx =
X/Ty =
X/Tz =

para Y
371.68
0
81.25
0
1
0
0

Y/ =
Y/ =
Y/() =
Y/k =
Y/Tx =
Y/Ty =
Y/Tz =

para Z
630.84
-81.25
0
371.68
0
1
0

Z/ =
Z/ =
Z/() =
Z/k =
Z/Tx =
Z/Ty =
Z/Tz =

81.25
630.84
-371.68
0
0
0
1

Los valores de las derivadas parciales son para el punto B


para X
X/ =
X/ =
X/() =
X/k =
X/Tx =
X/Ty =
X/Tz =

para Y
425.65
0
82.49
0
1
0
0

Y/ =
Y/ =
Y/() =
Y/k =
Y/Tx =
Y/Ty =
Y/Tz =

para Z
419.07
-82.49
0
425.65
0
1
0

Z/ =
Z/ =
Z/() =
Z/k =
Z/Tx =
Z/Ty =
Z/Tz =

82.49
419.07
-425.65
0
0
0
1

Los valores de las derivadas parciales son para el punto C


para X
X/ =
X/ =
X/() =
X/k =
X/Tx =
X/Ty =
X/Tz =

para Y
410.5
0
81.13

-438.31
1
0
0

Y/ =
Y/ =
Y/() =
Y/k =
Y/Tx =
Y/Ty =
Y/Tz =

para Z
438.31
-81.13
0
410.5
0
1
0

Z/ =
Z/ =
Z/() =
Z/k =
Z/Tx =
Z/Ty =
Z/Tz =

81.13
438.31
-410.5
0
0
0
1

Los valores de las derivadas parciales son para el punto D


para X
X/ =
X/ =
X/() =
X/k =
X/Tx =
X/Ty =
X/Tz =

para Y
448.22
0
97.79
0
1
0
0

Y/ =
Y/ =
Y/() =
Y/k =
Y/Tx =
Y/Ty =
Y/Tz =

para Z
295.83
-97.79
0
448.22

UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL MAYOR DE SAN MARCOS

0
1
0

Z/ =
Z/ =
Z/() =
Z/k =
Z/Tx =
Z/Ty =
Z/Tz =

97.79
295.83
-448.22
0
0
0
1

Pgina 7

FOTOGRAMETRIA
Los valores de las derivadas parciales son para el punto E
para X
X/ =
X/ =
X/() =
X/k =
X/Tx =
X/Ty =
X/Tz =

para Y
Y/ =
Y/ =
Y/() =
Y/k =
Y/Tx =
Y/Ty =
Y/Tz =

414.6
0
101.77
0
1
0
0

para Z
Z/ =
Z/ =
Z/() =
Z/k =
Z/Tx =
Z/Ty =
Z/Tz =

709.49
-101.77
0
414.6
0
1
0

101.77
709.49
-414.6
0
0
0
1

HALANDO LAS PARAMETOS


X = ((AT*A)-1)*(AT*L))
A
390.35
P1

499.63
469.43
371.68

P2

419.07
81.25
425.65

P3

P4

P5

P6

419.07

82.49
410.5
438.31
81.13
448.22
295.83
97.79
414.6
709.49
101.77

0
-469.43
499.63
0
-82.49
630.84
0
-82.49
419.07
0
-81.13
438.31
0
-97.79
295.83
0
-101.77
709.49

469.43
0
-390.35
81.25
0
-371.68
82.49
0
-425.65
81.13
0
-410.5
97.79
0
-448.22
101.77
0
-414.6

-499.63
390.35
0
0
425.65
0
0
425.65
0
-438.31
410.5
0
0
448.22
0
0
414.6
0

1
0
0
1
0
0
1
0

0
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0

0
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
0

0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
1
0
0
1

CALCULO DE LOS 7 PARAMETROS

-0.0757995
0.0507639
-0.6013535
-0.3441738
35.795187
177.65324
-260.43428

d
d

tx
ty
tz

UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL MAYOR DE SAN MARCOS

Pgina 8

FOTOGRAMETRIA
2 SEGUNDA ITERACION

CALCULO DE LOS 7 PARAMETROS


0.596362
-0.195256
-0.8329541
-0.0936206
99.148294
-165.84769
-560.22746

d
d

tx
ty
tz

3 TERCERA ITERACION

CALCULO DE LOS 7 PARAMETROS


1.7631101
3.474822
0.4954937
3.5956076
-59.660162
-294.12587
-828.3078

d
d

tx
ty
tz

UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL MAYOR DE SAN MARCOS

Pgina 9