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Jondo bardaveliZe

calkeul kuTxeTa roli qarTuli xalxuri leqsis TaviseburebaTa


CamoKalibebaSi
xalxuri leqsis gansxvaveba literaturuli leqsisagan erTi SexedviTac aSkaraa.
es gansxvavebani SeimCneva rogorc metrul struqturaSi, ise ritmul-intonaciur
jGeradobaSi. Kovelive es ki qmnis im Taviseburebebs, rac ganumeorebel TviTmKofa-
dobas aniyebs am marTlac unikalur kulturul fenomens.
Tu literaturuli leqsi SeiZleba mivakuTvnoT leqsTwKobis ama Tu im sistemas,
xalxuri leqsi verc erT CvenTvis cnobil sistemaSi ver Tavsdeba. es iTqmis ara mar-
to qarTuli, aramed nebismieri sxva eris xalxuri leqsis mimarT. amitomaa, rom xal-
xur leqss zogan samGeral leqss uwodeben, zogan tradiciuls, zogan zepirs da
a.S. arada, verc erTi es termini srulad ver gamoxatavs xalxuri leqsis bunebas.
ufro metic. TviT literaturuli leqsi, romelic Segnebuli poeturi azrovnebis
naKofs warmoadgens, ver `Jdeba~ literaturaTmcodneobaSi cnobil leqsTwKobaTa
sistemebSi. Sors rom ar wavideT, amis naTel magaliTs warmoadgens qarTuli leq-
sTmcodneoba, romelsac ornaxevari saukunis istoria mainc gaaCnia, magram dGemde
ver SeumuSavebia erTi azri qarTuli leqsis bunebis Sesaxeb. leqsTmcodneTa erTi
nawili Tvlis, rom qarTuli leqsi silaburia, xolo meore nawilis azriT, qarTuli
leqsi silabur-tonuria (sanimuSod SeiZleba gavixsenoT giorgi wereTlisa da akaki
gawerelias mZafri polemika am sakiTxze).
leqsi, rogorc sitKvieri xelovnebis nimuSi, pirvel Kovlisa, enazea dafuZnebuli
da misi ZiriTadi Taviseburebani gansazGvrulia mocemuli enis fonetikuri sistemiT.
magram gansxvavebiT literaturuli leqsisagan, romelic saliteraturo enas eKrdno-
ba, xalxuri leqsi iqmneba xalxur sametKvelo enaze, romelic mraval dialeqtsa da
kilo-kavs moicavs, rac garkveulad aisaxeba kidevac kuTxeTa xalxur leqsSi. amito-
maa, rom CvenSi sazogado terminis _ qarTuli xalxuri leqsis _ paralelurad,
warmoSobis mixedviT, damkvidrebulia aseTi terminologia: xevsuruli leqsi, TuSu-
ri leqsi, fSauri leqsi, qarTl-kaxuri leqsi, guruli leqsi, megruli leqsi, ra-
yuli leqsi, svanuri leqsi, imeruli leqsi da a.S. es savsebiT bunebrivia, radgan
Kvela am leqsisTvis damaxasiaTebelia mocemuli kuTxis dialeqti, kilokavi, an aqcen-
tuacia, an maTSi garkveulad asaxulia mxolod am kuTxisaTvis damaxasiaTebeli sasim-
Gero ritmika an rituali, rac am leqsebs ama Tu im kuTxis `koloritiT~ mosavs.
mokled TviTeuli maTganis Sesaxeb. daviwKoT dialeqtebiTa da kilokavebiT. narkvevis
SezGudulobis gamo warmovadgenT mxolod ramdenime kuTxes, isic mxoloddamxolod
Sairis magaliTze.
megruli da svanuri qarTvelur enaTa avtonomiur erTeulebad warmodgebian. ami-
tom megruli da svanuri leqsebi enobrivad gansxvavebulni arian saqarTvelos danar-
Cen kuTxeTa leqsebisagan. rac Seexeba leqsTwKobas, gansxvaveba naklebia, magram mainc
mniSvnelovani. sanimuSod:
amudGa si mumakaTi,
vardi Cqimi nayanefi,
oykomalo mignorCque,
Cqimi cali sawKalefi. (1)
es megruli teqsti maGali Sairis sazomzea agebuli. analogiuri sazomis nimu-
Sebs saqarTvelos uklebliv Kvela kuTxe icnobs. gansxvaveba citirebul teqstsa da
maT Soris mxolod enobrivi iqneba. miuxedavad imisa, rom sqematurad maGali Sairis
Kvela es nimuSi erTnairad gamoisaxeba, enobrivi gansxvaveba da aseve gansxvavebuli aq-
centuacia mainc qmnis imis safuZvels, vTqvaT, rom megruli leqsi sxva qarTveluri
leqsebisgan ganirCeva garkveuli TaviseburebebiT. igive SeiZleba iTqvas svanurzec:
Jov logSveda KeuiS miCa!
limzur Jarax sgaS lalgenas,
xanar Jirdax sgaS lalgenas,
muqvar xagans Sid viqreSi. (2)
aqac teqsti maGali Sairisaa1, mxolod gansxvavebulia ena, rac moiTxovs gansxvave-

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xalxurSi terminebis _ maGali da dabali Sairis _ xmareba pirobiTia, radgan es terminebi gamoxatavs teqst-
Si qoreebisa da daqtilebis garkveuli kanonzomierebiT ganawilebas. xalxur leqsSi ki, misi sasimGero xasiaTis gamo,
bul aqcentuacias, es ki qmnis im Taviseburebas, rac mxolod svanurisTvisaa damaxasi-
aTebeli. svanuri CvenTvis erTgvari orientiria, risi meSveobiTac SegviZlia vivarau-
doT, Tu rogori unda KofiliKo Zveli qarTuli xalxuri leqsi. amasTan dakavSire-
biT, vfiqrobT, saxelmZGvanelo mosazreba aqvs gamoTqmuli elene virsalaZes: `qarTve-
lur tomTa SemoqmedebaSi Semonaxulia cocxali saxiT _ folkloris ganviTarebis
metad arqauli formebi. daxvewili lirikis gverdiT Cven gvxvdeba amebeuri poeziis
arqauli formebi xevsurulSi, SemorCenili gvaqvs svaneTSi sakulto, ritualuri
ferxulebi, romlebsac Tavisi pirveladi funqcia exlac savsebiT ar daukargavT. qar-
Tuli masalis Tavisebureba da gansakuTrebuli Teoriuli mniSvneloba swored ima-
Sia, rom mas ara marto Semounaxavs Semoqmedebis es arqauli formebi, aramed gvaZ-
levs saSualebas, SevadaroT es arqaika maGali ganviTarebis formebs isev qarTul ma-
salebSi, saqarTvelos teritoriaze~. (3)
Sairi saqarTvelos Kvela kuTxisaTvis aris damaxasiaTebeli. is aSkarad dominanti
metria. miuxedavad amisa, Kvelgan erTnairad ar warmoiTqmis. Cveulebrivad Sairi (am
SemTxvevaSi dabali Sairi) ase iTqmis:
SaiKrebian Kornebi, ar gaireven Zerasa,
kaci versaid wauva Tavis bedsa da werasa.
es aris Cveulebrivi, 16-marcvliani dabali Sairis metri, magram igive leqsi mTi-
ulurSi ase jGers:
SaiKrebian Kornebi, ar gaireven Zerasao,
kaci versaid wauva Tavis bedsa da werasao.
aq ukve ara 16, aramed 17 marcvali ismis. gudamaKrulSi zogJer es leqsi asec
aris gavrcelebuli:
SaiKrebian Kornebio, ar gaireven Zerasao,
kaci versaid wauvao Tavis bedsa da werasao.
aq ki, Tu am striqonebs Cveulebrivi `literaturuli~ TvaliT wavikiTxavT, 18
marcvalsac aGviqvamT, magram xalxuri leqsis Kvela mkvlevarma icis, rom sxvaTa si-
tKvis `o~ srulfasovan saleqso marcvals ver qmnis da ver arKevs Sairis saleqso sa-
zoms. Sairi isev Sairad rCeba, magram es `o~ Tavisebur jGeradobas mainc aniyebs
leqss, risi gauTvaliswinebloba gaaGaribebda Cvens warmodgenas Sairis ritmul mra-
valferovnebaze. aseve araerTi nimuSis motana SeiZleba TuS-fSav-xevsuruli poezii-
dan, roca aqauri sametKvelo Taviseburebani garkveulad aisaxeba leqsis aqcentuacia-
Si da gansxvavebuls xdis mas sxva kuTxeTa leqsebisagan. es aris niuansebi, erTi Se-
xedviT araarsebiTi, magram mainc mniSvnelovani xalxuri leqsis specifikis dasadge-
nad. bolosdabolos, gansxvavebas literaturul leqssa da xalxurs Soris swored
es niuansebi qmnis da ara reliefuri Taviseburebani.
erTia enobrivi gansxvavebani, rac gamoixateba dialeqtebisa da kilokavebis meSve-
obiT, magram xalxur leqsze aranakleb gavlenas axdens musikaluri Sesrulebis wese-
bi, romlis gareSe xalxuri leqsis formireba warmoudgeneli iqneboda. Jer kidev Te-
imuraz bagrationi aGniSnavda Sairisa da fistikauris Zirebis Sesaxeb, rom qarTul-
Si gabatonebuli es ori saleqso sazomi warmoSobilia Zveli qarTuli simGerebis _
`arna nanosa~ da `Tarni harnanos~ xmebzeo (4). is, rom simGera ganuwKvetel gavlenas
axdenda xalxur leqsze, aSkaraa, magram sakvlevia, Tu konkretulad ama Tu im kuTxis
simGeris wKobam ra Tavisebureba Seitana xalxur leqsSi. musikaTmcodneebma safuZ-
vlianad Seiswavles saqarTvelos calkeul kuTxeTa musikaluri wKoba, aGniSnes saer-
Toc da gansxvavebanic. `qarTuli simGera Tavisi SinaarsiT metad mravalferovania, _
werda d.araKiSvili. _ es mravalferovneba kidev ufro farTo xasiaTs Gebulobs
qarTuli Stoebis gansakuTrebuli Tvisebebis wKalobiT. aGmosavleT saqarTvelos
simGera, magaliTad, homofonuria, dasavleTisa ki polifoniuri; rac Seexeba qar-
Tvel mTielTa simGeras, isic zogierTi specifikuri TaviseburebiT xasiaTdeba. es
originaluri xazebi, erTi SexedviT, akvirvebs mkvlevars. adamianma SeiZleba ifiqros,
rom aGmosavleT saqarTvelos qarTul xalxur musikas araferi aqvs saerTo dasavleT
saqarTvelos simGerasTan. namdvilad ki, Tu sakiTxs Grmad CavukvirdebiT, Cven davina-
xavT erT Tesls, erT dasabams, saidanac klimaturi, geografiuli, istoriuli da
sxva faqtorebis wKalobiT, xalxuri Semoqmedebis es sxvadasxvanairi nakadi aGmocene-

simGeris dros qoresa da daqtilis aGqma praqtikulad SeuZlebelia. Sairidan mxolod marcvalTa gansazGvruli ra-
odenobaGaa (rva an Teqvsmeti) Tu gvrCeba. magram, roca mas vkiTxulobT, qarTl-kaxurSi da imerulSi ritmuli mdi-
nareba TiTqmis iseTivea rogorc literaturaSi. danarCen kuTxeebSi, imisdamixedviT, Tu rogori aqcentuacia axasia-
Tebda am kuTxis mcxovrebTa metKvelebas, Sairic iseT gansxvavebulobas amjGavnebs.
bula~. (5). d.araKiSvilis mier gamoTqmuli es mosazreba friad angariSgasawevia xal-
xuri leqsis mkvlevarTaTvis. qarTuli xalxuri musikis (simGeris) gansxvavebuloba
calkeul kuTxeTa mixedviT, leqsis sferoSic mjGavndeba. ase, magaliTad, xevsuruli
leqsis mwKobri ritmuli struqtura aSkarad ganirCeva guruli leqsTwKobisagan, sa-
dac, rogorc wesi, erTi strofis farglebSi, zogJer ki taepis farglebSic, xSiria
ritmuli aGreva. aseTi gansxvavebuloba, anu Tavisebureba axasiaTebs sxva kuTxeebsac.
rogor unda avxsnaT es movlena? SemTxveviToba aq gamoricxulia, radgan aseTi faqte-
bi dasturdeba ara calkeuli leqsebis farglebSi, aramed _ mTels leqsTwKobaSi.
etKoba, es kanonzomieri movlenaa da, Cemi azriT, mas unda gansazGvravdes mocemuli
kuTxis musikaluri Taviseburebani.
d.araKiSvilma sxva mniSvnelovan momentebzec gaamaxvila KuradGeba. man, magali-
Tad, aGniSna, rom gurul simGeraTa umetesoba imGereba iseT sitKvebze, rogoricaa:
`aba delia~, `orera~, `aba rera~, `delia~, `odelia~ da a.S.~ ramdenJerac ar vcade
amexsna, Tu leqsis nacvlad ratom maincdamainc am gaugebar sitKvebs mGerodnen, ara-
feri gamomivida, _ werda mkvlevari. _ ukanasknel xans ki, roca ufro Grmad Sevis-
wavle am simGerebis melodia, mivedi daskvnamde, rom simGeris aseTi kontrapunqtiz-
miTa da aseTi swrafi tempiT Sesruleba aZnelebs, zogJer ki SeuZlebels xdis si-
tKvieri teqstis warmoTqmas. aqedan gamomdinare me vfiqrob: TviTon simGeris buneba
xom ar gansazGvravs sitKvieri teqstisadmi amgvar midgomas? cxadia, erTi romelime
sitKvis vokalizeba gacilebiT iolia, vidre mTeli striqonebisa an strofebis. ase
rom, iqneb es iKos imis saidumlo, rom ase farTod aris gavrcelebuli zemoxsenebu-
li sitKvebi garkveuli tipis simGerebSi.~ (5, gv. 16). cxadia, guruli simGerebis po-
lifonizmis mravalsaukunovan tradicias ar SeeZlo mniSvnelovani kvali ar daemCnia
am kuTxis leqsTwKobaze. guruli leqsi TiTqos nervulia, ver uZlebs bolomde ga-
hKves erTi wKobis mdinarebas, xSirad cvlis temps, advilad egueba sazomTa aGrevas,
gansakuTrebiT Sairis farglebSi da a.S. irkveva erTi moulodneli garemoeba: ma-
GalganviTarebuli polifoniuri musika leqsTwKobaze uarKofiT gavlenas axdens
(guruli leqsis magaliTi), xolo primitiuli musikis garemoSi leqsi ufro Tavi-
suflad viTardeba da maqsimalurad ixveweba (xevsuruli musikisa da leqsis maga-
liTi).
xalxuri musikis mkvlevarTa dakvirvebiT, qarTul simGerebSi metad Taviseburi
adgili uyiravs rayul simGerebs. rayuli simGerebi, d.araKiSvilis azriT, `wKobiT
TiTqos qarTl-kaxurs gvanan, magram asruleben sruliad Taviseburad, rayulad. es
rayuli Sesruleba imaSi gamoixateba, rom mGerian isini raGac Zalzed mZimed, TiT-
qos ZaldatanebiT, daZabulad, magram Zalzed sainteresod.~ (5, gv. 26). Tamamad SeiZ-
leba iTqvas, rom analogiuri viTareba damaxasiaTebelia rayuli leqsTwKobisTvisac:
rayuli leqsebi ufro met saerTos amjGavneben aGmosavleT saqarTvelos leqsebTan,
vidre dasavlurTan. magram Sesrulebis formiTa da intonaciiT mkveTrad gansxvavde-
bian rogorc erTis, ise meorisagan. mag., rayul aTmarcvlian leqsebs araferi aqvT
saerTo fSav-xevsur aTmarcvlianebTan, rom araferi vTqvaT rayul 5-marcvlian _
leqsebze, romlebic sruliad gancalkevebiT dganan qarTul leqsTwKobaSi. TviT Sai-
ris tipis leqsebic ki, romlebic rayulSic iseve farTodaa gavrcelebuli, rogorc
saqarTvelos sxva kuTxeebSi, aq sruliad gansxvavebuli aqcentuaciiT warmoiTqmis:
Camoviare faaraxeTs,
mamasaxlisi gaalaxes,
misaSveleblad mivedi,
oriode mec maamanTes. (6)
SeiZleba gviTxran, rom es aris niuansebi da maT leqsTwKobis sistemaze araviTa-
ri gavlenis moxdena ar SeuZliaT. geTanxmebiT. Tu Cven saKovelTaod miGebuli sqeme-
biT gamovxatavT rayul, xevsurul, gurul da a.S. leqsebs, marTlac veraviTar gan-
sxvavebas ver aGmovaCenT maTSi. isini Kvela erTnairi gamoCndeba. magram ramdenad rea-
luri iqneba aseTi suraTi? xom cnobilia, rom verc erTi eqstraklasis musikosi ver
axerxebs zustad gadaiGos sanoto niSnebze xalxuri, gansakuTrebiT _ polifoniuri
simGerebi? qarTul xalxur simGerebs, romlebsac dGes amerikaSi, evropaSi da iapo-
niaSi mGerian didi gatacebiT, veravin ver swavlobda, sanam cocxali SesrulebiT
(video-magnitofonis meSveobiT) ar moismines isini. gana SesaZlebelia guruli, gin-
dac kaxuri, gnebavT saqarTvelos romelime kuTxis simGeris niuansebi sanoto niSneb-
ma aGnusxos? asevea leqsTwKobis sferoSic, sadac gamosaxvis saSualebani kide ufro
SezGudulia. amitom mxolod Kurs, specialistis maxvil KurTasmenas SeuZlia Seig-
rZnos qarTuli xalxuri leqsis ganumeorebeli surneli da metnaklebad gaacnos
sxvas am unikaluri fenomenis Taviseburebani.
garda enobrivi da musikaluri movlenebisa, calkeul kuTxeTa saleqso formebis
TaviseburebaTa CamoKalibebaSi garkveul rols TamaSobs am kuTxeSi arsebuli ritua-
luri da sxva saxis wesCveulebani. es gansakuTrebiT TvalSisacemia fSav-xevsurul
poeziaze dakvirvebiT. ase, magaliTad, akaki SaniZis KuradGeba miiqcia xevsureTSi ga-
vrcelebulma saleqso sazomma, romelic sxvagan dafiqsirebuli ar Kofila. mkvlevar-
ma mas `mTiblurebi~ uwoda, radgan aseT sazoms Tibvis dros Sesrulebuli leqsebi
Seicavda. akaki SaniZem igi qarTuli leqsis erTerT uZveles saxeobad ivarauda. Se-
mdgom aGmoCnda, rom `mTiblurebis~ saleqso sazomi gamoiKeneboda xevsurul samglo-
viaro poeziaSic. romelia maT Soris Tavdapirveli, dGes Zneli dasasabuTebelia.
mTavaria is, rom es marTlac uZveles sazomad Cans da igi damaxasiaTebelia garkveu-
li regionisaTvis _ fSav-xevsureTisaTvis. daviT gogoyurma scada daesabuTebina rom
mTiblurebis metri marto samgloviaro da Tibvis procesSi Sesasrulebeli leqsebis
kuTvnileba ar aris, _ rom am sazomiTaa Seqmnili uZvelesi warmarTuli qadagobani,
saerTo qarTul warmarTul GvTaebaTa _ mzisa da xiskar-kviraes sadidebeli xucoba-
ni, igive sazoms moiTxovs agreTve ferxisulebis ritmi da saxato-sagmiro simGerebis
musikis taqti. (7). daviT gogoyuri friad angariSgasawevi mkvlevaria. is kargad ic-
nobs fSav-xevsurul wes-Cveulebebs da ritualebs, magram CvenTvis mTlad gasaziare-
beli ar aris misi kvlevis meTodi. kerZod, d.gogoyuri ganixilavs ra xucobis, mTib-
lurebisa da xmiT natirlebis teqsts, arabunebrivad hKofs mas cezuriT, Tanac didi
cezuriT. sanimuSod movitanT erTerT magaliTs imisas, Tu rogor xelovnurad
hKofs d.gogoyuri cezuriT teqsts imisaTvis, rom rogorme sasurveli sqema (5+4)
miiGos.
GvTisagan gamaºrJveba Senda,
giorgi naGvar º Sveniero,
mexvewe kaci º Saixvewe.
Sen gadidebsa º gagimarJvebs,
Sen morige GmerT º ar magiwKens da a.S. (7, gv. 217).
aseve iqceva roland beriZec mTibluri leqsebis analizis dros (8). misi mizania,
daasabuTos, rom silabur-tonuroba qarTul leqsTwKobas Soreul warsulidanve mo-
hKveba. Cveni azriT, daviT gogoyuric da roland beriZec erTgvarad Seborkilni ari-
an leqsTmcodneobaSi damkvidrebuli `terfebis~ analizis meTodologiiT. es xels
uSlis maT bunebrivad aiTvison leqsTwKobis is ritmuloba, rac mas realurad axasi-
aTebs. isini xalxur leqss iseve aanalizeben, rogorc literaturuls. ar iTvaliswi-
neben, rom am tipis leqss, romelic ar aris leqsi Tanamedrove gagebiT, ar SeiZleba
iseTive aqcentuacia hqondes, rogorc Tanamedrove leqss gaaCnia. daviT gogoyuri
amas Sinaganad grZnobs kidec, magram cdilobs cezuriT gaKofa, magaliTad, sitKvebisa
_ `gamaºrJveba~, `navarºSveniero~, `Tav-Jaºlafobasa~ _ gaamarTlos saferxiso ritmiT.
Sesrulebis dros, SesaZlebelia, marTlac aq modiodes pauza, magram musikaluri
ritmi (igive saferxiso ritmi) sxvaa da saleqso ritmi _ sxva. leqsi, romelsac sazo-
mi gaaCnia, ukve aGar emorCileba musikis ritms, mas sakuTari ritmika aqvs da igi mo-
qmedebs leqsTwKobis kanonebis mixedviT.
fSav-xevsurul poeziaSi gansakuTrebuli adgili uyiravs e.w. `sadideblebs~, `di-
debans~, romlis ritmuli struqtura pirvelad vera bardaveliZem SeniSna (9), speci-
alurad ki mas mix.Ciqovani Seexo (10). Ciqovanis dakvirvebiT, `amgvari leqsi Tavisebu-
ria da poeturi sitKvis ganviTarebis Zalian adrindel safexurs ganasaxierebs. qar-
Tuli istoriuli poetika sadideblebis ganxilvas gverds ver auxvevs.~ (10, gv. 362).
sadideblebis ritmuli struqtura da misi adgili qarTul leqsTwKobaSi Jer ki-
dev moelis mkvlevarsa da obieqtur Semfasebels. amjamad Cveni interesis sferoSi
imitom moeqca es saleqso forma, rom igi mTlianad dafuZnebulia ritualuri Se-
srulebis im wesze, romelic fSav-xevsureTSi SemuSavda didi xnis winaT, SesaZlebe-
lia e.w. warmarTobis xanaSi:
Senamc ididebi, saxelo GvTisao, maGliT kvireisao,
erTurTis moTanxmeno, mode-moZmeno, GvTis danabadebno,
didebulo kviriao, laSaris Jvaro!
Senamc gamarJveba, wmindao giorgi, qmodis gorelo,
wmidis wveris angelozo, mTavar-angelozo.
iremTa kalos SaSvenebulo kopalao,
cixe-gors SaSvenebulo svetis angelozo! (10, gv. 145)
Cven ar viciT, ramdenad arqaulia am teqstis leqsika da fSav-xevsuruli esqata-
logiis elementebi, advili SesaZlebelia, droTa viTarebaSi bevri ram Seicvala da
qristianuli elferiT Seimosa, erTi mainc udavod migvaCnia: am da amgvar teqstebs
aSkarad amCneviaT warmarTul ritualTa kvali da fSav-xevsurul garemoSi CamoKali-
bebis ueyveli beyedi.
aseTia, mokled, Cveni Sexedulebani imis Sesaxeb, Tu ra rols asrulebs esa Tu is
kuTxe qarTuli xalxuri leqsis TaviseburebaTa formirebaSi. garkveuli mizezis gamo
Cven SemovifargleT mxolod ramdenime kuTxiT da ZiriTadad erTi, dominanti saleq-
so formiT _ SairiT. amasTan SevCerdiT, Cveni azriT Kvelaze arsebiT sam momentze,
romelic gansakuTrebul rols TamaSobs qarTuli xalxuri leqsis mravalferovnebis
CamoKalibebaSi. ar gagvianalizebia qarTl-kaxuri, imeruli, ingilouri da TuSuri
poeziis nimuSebi, romlebic aseve davalebulia am kuTxeTa dialeqturi, musikaluri
Tu ritualuri Taviseburebebisagan. amdenad, Cveni es narkvevi, cxadia, sakiTxis sru-
lad gaSuqebis pretenzias ar acxadebs, misi mizania sakiTxis dasma da leqsTmcodneTa
KuradGebis miqceva aGZrul problemaze.

damowmebuli literatura:
qarTuli xalxuri sitKviereba, megr. teqstebi, II, Tbilisi, 1991, gv. 572. teqsti
gamosacemad moamzades, SeniSvnebi da gamokvlevebi daurTes korneli daneliam da apo-
lon canavam.
qarTuli xalxuri poezia, I, miTologiuri leqsebi, `mecniereba~, 1972, gv. 81.
elene v i r s a l a Z e , qarTvel mTielTa zepirsitKviereba, 1958, gv. 10.
T e i m u r a z b a g r a t i o n i , gvarni anu sazomni qarTulisa enisa stixTa.
`lit.Ziebani~, IV, 1947, gv. 224.
d i m i t r i a r a K i S v i l i , qarTuli musika, Tb, 1923, gv. 5.
S o T a Z i Z i g u r i , Ziebani qarTuli dialeqtologiidan, Tb., 1954 w. gv. 134.
d a v i T g o g o y u r i , meleqseoba xevsureTSi, 1974, gv. 208.
r o l a n d b e r i Z e , qarTuli leqsis uZvelesi forma. _ kreb. `lit.Teoriuli
Ziebani~, mecn. 1984 w.
v e r a b a r d a v e l i Z e , aGmosavleT saqarTvelos qarTveli mTielebis sasuliero
teqstebi. _ `masalebi saqarTvelos eTnografikisaTvis, I, 1938, gv. 7.
qarTuli xalxuri poezia, I, gv. 147-164.
J. Bardavelidze

The Role of Separate Provinces in the Formation


of Peculiarities of Georgian Folk Verse
Summary

Folk verse (poetry) differs from the literary one not only by its structure, but by many other
peculiarities, which are determined by the differences characterictic of separate provinces of Georgia. The
whole spectrum of these peculiarities is characteristic for each of them: rite, dialect, music, cult rituals
and so on.
The most important peculiaritie in the formation of folk verse are:
1. Dialects and characteristic sub-dialects of the given province;
2. Musical order;
3. Rituals.
It is clear, that all these cannot influence substantially the folk versification itself, but, if it is taken
into account, it will help the deeper study of the specification of folk verse, to see the peculiarities of folk
verse more vividly.