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Rock Mechanics and

Engineering Geoscience
EOSC316
Dr. Dan Faulkner
Rock Mechanics
First 6 weeks: Rock Mechanics
12 lectures
6 practicals
Second 6 weeks: Engineering Geoscience
12 lectures
6 practicals
Assessment: 3 hour exam + 2 practicals
Course structure
Lectures 1-4
Stress and strain
Lectures 5-8
Rock fracture
Lectures 9-12
Faults, friction and earthquakes
Lectures 13-24
Engineering applications of Rock Mechanics
What can happen? How can we mitigate against it?
Recommended texts
1
st
6 weeks: Rock Mechanics
Mechanics of Earthquakes and Faulting by Chris Scholz (2
nd
Edition)
Stress and Strain by Win Means
Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics by J aeger and Cook
Structural Geology textbooks for stress/strain
2
nd
6 weeks: Rock Mechanics and Engineering Geology
Foundations of Engineering Geology by Tony Waltham
Practical Rock Engineering by Evert Hoek. Available free on the
web:
http://www.rocscience.com/hoek/PracticalRockEngineering.asp
Rock Mechanics
Mechanics: study of motion and force
Emphasis on brittle rock mechanics (top 15
to 20 km of the Earths crust)
Fracture
Friction
Why is Rock Mechanics important?
For understanding how the Earth works
Fault mechanics (earthquakes, etc)
Lithosphere strength
Propagation of seismic waves
For design and analysis of man-made
structures:
Dams
Tunnels
Waste repositories
Scale of observations
In order to understand the processes that
contribute to the failure process, we need to
investigate what occurs on a small scale.
Predictions of the macroscopic behaviour is
based upon what happens physically at the
microscopic scale.
Mechanistic rather than phenomenological
approach
What can we do with rock
mechanics?
Engineering structures
Understand earth processes
Emosson Dam, Switzerland
Mersey tunnels: 1934 (Queensway) and
1971 (Kingsway)
Tunnels meet, 1928
Recent improvements to Kingsway
Golden Gate Bridge, San Francisco, 1937
Akashi Kaikyo Suspension Bridge, Kobe,
J apan, 1998. 1991 m span
What happens when we dont
understand?
City Hall, San Francisco, 1906
Statue of Louis Agassiz,
Stanford University campus,
1906
Izmit earthquake,Turkey
M7.4, 17
th
August 1999
We fundamentally dont
understand how earthquakes
work. After all these years, we
dont have a clue.
Mark Zoback, Science, 1992
What happens when we get it
wrong?
Roads over landslips, MamTor
Vaiont dam disaster, Italy
The Vaiont dam disaster,
Italian Dolomites, 1963
b
The Mam Tor head scar looking west
The Mam Tor
Landslip