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~`_ H^q` `# x~+#x, ~=x


=#"O `# `e @= [iyO^x, ~=_ `#
^ = O Jx, Z<fl ~ H = # X@ @ H x
K|`<fl_.
"bH ~=}O J^HO_=x
75= ~=x O $` ==# WOw+
J#"^=, `Q ``~=
1.

Ability to distinguish between good and


bad comes to human beings as a result

II q<O u`O HO i"`[


U= =fi<fl= ^M~ x` .

of "KARMA" they did in their previous


births. Mother Kousalya! if I have a
desire to send Rama on Exile to "Forest"
I curse myself that I will become an
ignorant of "Dharma" and all the sins I

35

36

am going to narrate henceforth will be

3.

attached to me by "PARAMATMA", the

facing

God Almighty to me.

deliberately is not only uncivilized but

(Surya

Bhagavan)

keeping us alive, we should pray and


respect him. If I am a culprit of sending
Rama to forest I will be charged with
such a sin.

~ Q"#xH Z^~Q xez =`


q~# = = q~# = * = <
HQ QH!

I will get the ignonimity of doing "slavery"


to ruthless people, if I planned Rama's

sun

also sinful. Because Surya Bhagavan is

Uk K^y#^, Uk K~x^ `e
|kx Hey O_H=@ =Q
OqOKK#flk. ~=_~}=# =@
<HOwH~" J~#K <# ^~|^=Q
*#= #tOz# "x#=^# QH! =i
D < K= = =~ < `Q
QH!
2.

To attend the calls of Nature by humans

4.

When a cow is sleeping peacefully, one


should let it take rest. If he kicks it

exile.

unnecessarily it is a sin. Oh mother! If I

O~ # ` ^= K
^~u Ok# "x #Q^# QH!

have the knowledge of Rama's exile to


forest, I will also incur such a sin.

38

37

qOu fH#K#fl H xkOKK#fl


Q=# T~H< He` `<fl_"_ O^
= < HQQH! (=#+ ^#
O^ <OQ Z^# He` `#fl@
==)
5.

6.

by an honest and a noble king, also


should be faithful to him. The people who
are not faithful to the king will incur sin.
Mother! I shall also get it, if I am faith-

A master should pay a worker suitably.

less to Rama.

If further, he extracts extra work from

XH ~AH i# Y=Q#O_
J`x ^~ i#H x `@ Kz#
[, U =# O^^~ P =
<HO@# QH!

him, a master should pay extra money


for that extra work. It is a sin to exploit
workers, who are helpless. I shall incur
such a sin, if I am guilty of sending Rama
to Forests.

XH =xK "x q^H ^~= QH `#


(J`=~"#) xx K~OKHx `y#
ugH `OKH#"_ O^
= <HO@# QH!
39

The subjects of a kingdom being ruled

7.

A king shall collect taxes from people to


run the administration. However he
should not squeeze people for more
money to fill his coffers. He shall collect
not more than one sixth of their incom.
If however he collects more while not
40

8.

doing extra benefit, he incurs sin I shall

him to perform sufficiently so that they

incur such a sin, If I planned harm to

get pleasure. It is a sin if one neglects to

Rama.

pay them. Oh Mother! let such a sin shall

ieOK ~A `#H~ Qx `# i<


== H~ Qh [#Oz '#fl
~=# "i P^= P~==O`
(16.66%) =`" = K=#.
(H\fi~xH 75% c^"xH <fl ^<
H `= #fl ZQ"` ^if#x P<\
qA Ja" LO_=K#)
`b! < =## ~=x = H~<
~==#"" < =`"#K J@
*^# = = K "iH ~H} HeOKx
~A O^ = <## O^^# QH!

befall, me, if I have prior knowledge of

Having performed a sacrifice (Yajna) one

Rama's exile.

[= *~Oz# |ufi# "xH `$


HQ#@ i`+Hg=#. J\H
W`#x K Wz# =@ x@Hx "_
O^ = < HQ# QH!
9.

In the war-field, filled with Elephants,


horses, and chariots, a brave fighter
should prove his mettle and win or must
die, while fighting. If for the sake of his
life he runs away it is a great sin. If I am
against Rama I shall incur such a sin.

should pay the holy priests, who helped


42

41

U#Q, Q]= ~^=` xO_#


^qx "tOz# Hu_, O
=~=# [~OK=#. ^ ~l`_
=~}OK=#. Hx }cu` i~^.
~==#"" < Ja=`" # K < P ~}
~`_# Hu_ O^ =
`fi~" HQQH!
10. From a learned and noble teacher one
should learn intrinsic, minute details of
methods that explain how to get Moksha
after death. Having done that, one
should forget all worldly ways If we do
not follow this, it is a sin. Oh Mother if I
am against Rama I will incur such a sin.

|*x # Q~==^ ~ H ^# H~
Zxfl ~=# `fl ~fiHOQ
43

QOz H "# q+=# `eHx,


^xx H =$u` fi~=#yOK
fi~~_ O^ =< `Q QH!
11. The strong armed Rama who has radiance of both the Sun and Moon will come
back to Ayodhya and rule the subjects
like a father. Mother! if I am not innocent in this episode the curse will befall
me to miss the coronation ceremony of
Rama

[| O#fl_# N~=KO^_, ~
K O ^ =O\ ` [ ` J ^ #
eOKKO_Q uHOK Q= ^Hx
=~"# [#Q"_#Q^# QH!
12. The Vedic culture illustrates the principle
that we are not living to eat but we are
44

eating just to live. What we are eating is


due to the Gods who are organising the
"Nature". We are born because of the
grace of our fore-fathers. It is obligatory
to repay their grace. It is our custom to

J@QH `# H~H =O_Hx ~z =iy


u#~^. J@ ux# P [O`=# KO#
= _ JO@#. ~==#" "
<HOwH~"#K <# J\ =
HQQH!

feed the guest first and then only we

13. When we face elders and Teachers (Gu-

should eat. This is our Dharma. We

rus) in our way, we should bow to them

should offer "Payasam" (Sweet rice) to

humbly with respect. Not doing this is a

Gods, rice mixed with ghee to "Pitrus"

sin. If I am having a hand in sending

(Forefathers), and Goat to our guests.

Rama to forest I will incur such a sin.

Without doing this if any one eats for himself, it is a sin. If I am a conspirator in
sending Rama to forest I will incur such
a sin.

=# ^=`, "H =O=#


Ju^ , #=fi H e # J#fl=#
`$^=`, Ju^ x"kOz u#=#.
45

Q~= Z^~#_ "Q= K@KHx


#= iOK H J==xOK "_ O^
=# <## O^^# QH!
14. The person who scolds elderly people
and teachers does incur sin. If I have
planned Rama's exile to the Forests I
will be accused of same sin.
46

^# Q~=# xOkOz# ^ O^
`H= <# O^"_#Q^# QH!

16. We should help one who helps us in our

15. If someone confides in us and tell his

at least we should be grateful to him. If

secret with full faith of keeping the se-

we do not do this, it is a sin. I will be

cret we should never break our promise

accused of similar sin if I knew Rama's

and disclose the secret to others. It is a

excile to the forest.

sin to betray others like that. I shall incur the same sin if, I conspired against
Rama.

XH_ `C K H J==xO|_
P q+ =# #q, ` # q` x`
KCH##. J@ q#fl"_ `# }=
~## P q+=# W`~ uiy
K ~^ (< qK~} H^). Jk #=H
^=Q#. Jk =. ~==#"=
< Jc+"#K <# J\ " HQ
QH!
47

need. If we are not capable of helping,

LHiH `H~= K@ L`==.


J@ K x "_ P L H ~ = #
Q~OKHx HhO K# "xH H$`A_
O_=#. J@ KxK = =
HQ#. ~=xH <# JHi<#, <#
J\ = HQQH!
17. If someone is socially boycotted by
elders for being characterless, he should
feel ashamed and bear the punishment,
and should attempt to mend his ways. If
one does not do like that but behaves
48

rudely it is a sin. I will be such a sinner if


I am not innocent of this injustice to
Rama.

Z=~< j=O`_ H_x O +~}


K|_#C_ J`# Q_ ^xx tHQ
fi H i OK = # . P # ` # #_ = _ x
=~H#=#. J@ KH J`xOH
^~~_ # K Q#. ~=x_ <#
J~k<#K <# J\ = HQ
QH.

`# Q$=# Q ~, `, x"O_
"^# "iH ~z KH `<H_ `$Q
ux dOK "xH = ^~< <
~=x ^ zO`#flK J\ "
HQQH.
19. Having got the birth of a human being
one should adhere to "Dharma". Certain
dharmas he can perform only along with
his wife. Those who are in "Deva Lokas"
(the word of Gods will accept our ser-

18. One should feed his wife, children and

vice only if one does with his wife and

servents first and then eat. Especially if

children) I shall get the same sin of a

eatables are tasty sweets and special

person who refuses to follow this

items one should not eat all for himself

Dharma if I am dishonest to Rama.

like a glutton. It is sin if we do so. Oh

~+ [#=<u#"_ q"= KHx


O`#=O`_ ~` He ^~K~}=

Mother! Such a sin would engulf me if I


conspired against Rama.

50

49

KK ^=` u `=Q H~
<K i OK = # . J@ K x "_ U
=# O^< <## J\ =<
O^^# QH!
20. One should not spend his life like a
bachelor eating only to maintain body
as an animal does. He should live

rqOK^~. Jk ^~ q~^= =.
([<O` ~ O ~ = # < nH
fiHiOK@, ^~ nH rqOK@ U HO^iH
`y#^. "~ x`^"##=# rqO`~.
"iH D |Ki =~ eH^).
< ~==#"= =`"#K J^
= HQQH!

according to dharma. Excepting some

21. Some people get married but die without

great souls that are born to teach and

begetting children. Even then they will

spread dharma, all others should marry

be getting a hell called "Pum". This is

and beget children to make "Pitrus" get

also a result of karma only. If I am

salvation. Those who do not marry to get

dishonest to Rama I will get the same

children will incur sin. I shall incur similar

sin.

sin if I am not faithful to Rama.

|KiQ LO_ q" =_H s~ +}H


rqOK =~ H ^ =
51

HO^~ q"= KHx, _ O`#=


H< =~}O `~. "~ 'O J# #~H= #
O^^~. ~= =#"= < PK<
J~#K < J\ #~H= OK QH!
52

22. It is a sin to kill kings, women, children


and old people. I shall be accused of
similar sin if I conspired against Rama.

~A#, #, ~#, =$^# KO@


~ =. ~=x HHi#K <
J\ = `Q QH!
23. If we employ servants and remove them
from service without any reason before
their term ended, just because we have
to pay salary, it is a crime. This crime
will be worse than killing and I will incur
similar sin.

=# xqOKHx "ix +OKQe y#


u O__ "~ H==Q x
K K#fl \H +OH x~}=Q =^
=ke " "_ U = O^< < _
J\ = O KQH!

24. It is not a crime to beg on roads if there


is no other way. But there are certain
things we are not supposed to sell, like
Liquor, Meat, Metal, Poison. If we feed
our families by selling such things it is
sin. Oh mother! I will also be accused
for that sin if I thought of harming Rama.

@O| +} U^ "~= KH#@


<". Hx =#+ Uk _` Jk Jq
^#= OkOK~^. ZO` ^~Q u
L#fl# H, =^=, =O=, =,
q+= =#flQ#q J=~^. x+^=,
=. J\"xH = `Q< <
J^ = HQ QH!
25. If a man is born as kshatriya and is
engaged in War, either he should kill his
enemy in a dual fight or get killed. But
54

53

he shuold not run away for life. It is a


great sin to flee from war. I will also be
accused of such a sin if I conspired
against Rama.

27. If Rama had gone to forest on my order


I would become a drunkerd who is a
slave to bad habits. I shall become a
womaniser and a wager who lives on

XH H u _ =$` =K
~}~OQ=#O_ i~#K U =#
O^< ~=~^= < PK# J~#K
< _ J^ = OqOK# QH!
26. If Rama has gone to forest with my consent I shall become a Mad person who
wears torn cloths and begs over streets
with a skull in one hand and spend time
with agony.

betting.

~=_ J~}=HQ@ < =`" # K,


H=H^^ Oy# `Q`#Q^#
QH! =#=# x #Q^# QH!
^`=#=# #tO`# QH!
28. If Rama had been to forest with my
permission I shall be relinquishing the
path of virtue (Dharma). I shall continue
to live betraying of Virtue.

N~==#" " < ^ H " # K, < #


z"_< eH# == H\ Ku
H= ^i Oz aK"`K U_K g^
uiQ^# QH!
55

~==#"" < =`" # K ^~ =#


g_# "x #Q^# QH! J^~ =~# _#Q^#
QH!
56

29. If I had knowledge of Rama's exile to


forest I would become a worthless
person

and

person

who

is

uncharitable.

~=x HH~= K PK# <#flK


JQ ^#= JkH=Q K#"_
O^ =##qO`# QH!
30. If I am not innocent, whatever wealth I
earned shall be robbed. If I permitted
Rama to go to forest, I shall get the sin
which a person who sleeps both in day
and night times gets.

~= =#"= <H#O^^H"#K
L O^ xkOK "_ =#
O^< J^ =# <# O^^# QH!
<# x= =OKH#flq ^OQ ^KHx
^~ QH!

31. If I had any hand in sending Rama to


forest I shall get the sin of burning an in
habited house.

J=! ~= =#"" < ^~K# #K,


XH WO\H xC\#"_ O^ =
< `QH# QH!
32. If I am dishonest to Rama, I shall be
accounted with a sin of seducing the wife
of my teacher (Guru).

<# ~=x @ ^#~`, Q~ufl`


~qOz#"_ O^#\ ~ =
<##qO`# QH!
33. If I am a sinner to Rama I shall get the
sin of being dishonest to close and
sincere friend.

Pq`# ^= *"_ O^
= <# O^^# QH!

57

58

34. If I am not faithful to Rama I shall get

36. It is the duty of a son to serve both his

the sin of not serving humbly both my

parents. However it is obligatory for the

parents and Gods.

son to serve his mother who gave him

`eH , `O_H, ^=` H ` + K x


J#qOK = < OKQH!
35. If I had the evil design of sending Rama
to forest in my Mind, I shall be unable to
do deeds stipulated by elders and hence
shall be disqualified to go to worlds
meant for holy and pious people.

~=KO^x =#"= < P"^"#K


^ O O z, PK i OK ` ~
K *x "_ < ` ~ + O^
H= WC_ ^~" +_#Q^#
QH!
59

birth. Even if she is an unchaste woman


she shall be respected and worshipped
by her son. If he does not do this, he will
be a sinner. If my love to Rama is not
sincere, I shall also become one such
sinner.

`e^O_e^~ O`#=# H~}"


#\H |}=# O|OkOz#O`=~
#=== " [#xz, #qz
Oz# `e |}= `eHQ f~#k H^.
Jk uiy P" =*@ ==#<
f~#. P" H= ^$+ u`~##
`_ P"# Q~qOz qOK=#.
60

N~=x _ < ^zO`# L#flK


=` $ ^ O^ = #, < #
J#qO`# QH!
37. If I have a part played in sending Rama
to forest I shall suffer giving birth to too
many children. I shall suffer from
poverty, fevers and illness and spend life
with unrest and misery.

help the poor who stretch their hands


before them. If they fail to do so it is a
sin. Oh mother I shall incur get such a
sin if I planned to send Rama to forest.

W`# ^#=O`_ < = K


~ H O K Q _ x P ` ` Zu zOK
K# n## ^~Q u~iOz
HiH f~ x"_ O^ =
##flO@#QH!

~=x < ^~K# #flK, JkH


O`# _`_< ^i^_< [fi~=K`#
~Q=K`# _O |_K H = #
J#qO`# QH!

39. If I am having a desire to harm Rama, I

38. When some one has enough money to

harm to subjects of the state in the name

give in charity and also power to donate


to needy and the needy go to him
expecting generous alms the rich must

shall be a sinner who with his wicked


deeds and words does unjustice and
of king and will be enjoying my sinful
deeds.

62

61

~=x =#" " <H O wH~ " # K,


ZC_ Hi#=Q =\_"_, K_
KC"_, Jq`_, ~[ #=#
` OK Hx u~ Q " Q _ O^
=# <# O^^# QH!
40. If one has physical ability to give
pleasure of intercourse he shall do such
justice to his wife. He should not cause
her unhappiness either by cruel
behaviour or unjust behaviour. If I had
planned to harm Rama I shall get a sin
of such unjust person.

|` fl` J~# ~ H~Q P"# Y


@H, ^+_ JuHqOz, =iOK ~
O^ ~ =##qO`# QH!

41. Any person who does not follow moral


code of conduct or a person who is an
idiot will leave his wife and keeps illegal
relationship with other women and
seduces them, he is amassing a great
sin. If I have done such a sin to Rama
Oh Mother! I will also incur such a sin.

^~=#O^ PHx"_<, =~_<


^~uflx q_z @` ~qOK
O^ =xfl ##fl `Q# QH!
42. If a Brahmin does not have children and
dies without doing any thing to redeem
his debt to Devas, Pitrus (Father and
forefathers), fellow human beings and
Sages he will surely incur sin. If I am
dishonest to Rama I shall also be guilty
of such a sin.

63

64

`# `^# O`~= ^= |}=, `$ |}=,


=#+ |}=, |+ |}= f~@
} O`u <tO`~. = K#
"iH Hxfl ^~K~= K# "iH
O `#=O_ ^ . H = " ^ #
##qO`~. << ~=^<#K <
_ P = `Q QH!
43. If anybody mixes poison in drinking water
or in water ponds meant to supply water
to human beings or animals he will incur
a terrible sin. Mother! I shall also be guilty
of such a sin. If I conspired against Rama
to send him to forest.

=Ozh\ K~=#, =# q+=


H ^~~ O^ = ##flO@#
QH!

44. If some one has decided to honour and


worship a brahmin another person
should not dissuade him from doing so
only because of Jealousy. It is a sin to
behave like that. If I am not an honest
brother to Rama, I will also incur such a
sin. I shall be a slave to the game of dice
and spend life like a sinner.

[ K@ }x ^~H#Q,
J ^fi+=` P }x U^
q^=# [ K~^x x~OkOz, "i
[<Oz# "xH HQ = <
HQ QH!
45. When a cow has a new born calf the
cows milk is primarily meant for the calf.
One should let it drink first till satisfied
and then only he can take some milk for
66

65

his personal use. If one does the reverse

47. If two people are argueing, then for

and let the calf starve it is a sin. I will

getting favour of one of them either out

incur such a sin if I am dishonest to

of love or out of obligation, if some one

Rama.

tries to let his favourite win the case, it is

H`Q [xOz# ^_ qyeOKH Q=


# iQ O_H# `x =
##flO@# QH!

a sin. Oh Mother! I am innocent and do

46. If we have enough water for our use, we


should not refuse drinking water for the
needy rudely. If somebody asks water
to drink we should oblige them. Not to
do so is a sin. If I planned to harm Rama
I shall have the same sin.

WO\ +=Q h~ LO_ _ ^=x


J_ y # "xH ^ x q Q Hx
OOz""_ O^ =# <#
O^^# QH!
67

not know any event that took place in


Ayodya I will get such a sin if I am telling
a lie.

W^~ "^ u"^= KH#KO_Q


XHx O^ =E "x H= # Ki"_
"^ = < Q @ L =
zOK"_ O^ =# Qi <#
P = ##qO`# QH!....
`b! H^g! HH [xOK@ ` <# U
=# Z~OQ#. < Uq `e^.
X@! J=! <# x~+x . XH" < zO`#`
^H=# ~zOz h `_, < P~^ ^==
68

J~# N~=KO^=iH JH~= K J_=


* LO> <# # *# =xfl\ H P
~`~_ qkOK tHhfl <# J#qO`#
QH!

At that point Bharata breaks down and


cries like a child. She also cries and consoles
him. Bharata pleads his innocense to her and
takes a series of "Oaths" claiming that he
reguards Rama only as Ruler and if Rama

Note :

Bharata's Anguish
This is an English translation of a Part
of chapter 75 of "Ayodhya Kanda" in Vaalmiki
Ramayanam.

does not yield to his prayers to rule Ayodhya


he will end his life.
It makes a very interesting narration of
how many types of sins are there. Obviously
every one of us will find himself or herself to

Bharata was pricked by Kowsalya's


words asking him to rule Ayodhya to fulfill
the dream of his mother "Kaika" but not to

be guilty of one sin or the other.


This is for your information only.

forget the upright noble values of his father.


She pleads him with tears to send her to

ddd

Rama, so that she can die peacefully with


the memories of Dasaradha, her husband.
69

2. N~=KO^x fl
(=` ~)
``=~
II [\O p~=#O &eO u`O q,
^^~ ~" ^~~O Q< ~O ^.
1. <~p~, [\ E@=,
~x=O\ ~=
<|_ q==# "H#
~`EK# ~=_.
`II <~ p~ ^iOz, [\^i, H
=~O_x= K_H=Hx ~`_
<|_ ~=x ^HO`_ JO[e
\OK#.
71

70

II H^Oz ^aq* q=~=^#O H$",


`~O ~`O ~= i[Q <.
2. =<fl"_#^ =^#=
= H$tOz ^=
Q~># HO``_=#
HyeOK# ~=_
`II JC_ ~=KO^_, ="# =Y=`
qHe H$tOz# ~`x H\ H QiOz
ay|\ =<`#.
II P~= O=ifl i+fi[ K ~=,
J* ~` =~ ~$K `=`.

72

3. t~ =~x J_Q `=x


h^ [# x#fl O~
|uH =O> =xH, P#
"< <<?
`II ~=OA_# ~=_, ~`x PeOQ#O
KHx t~ <}Oz P `=x `#
`_ ~@Hx W J_Q_.
II Hfi# `7 u` ``! ^~} O`fi =Q` ,
#`fiO r=` =# =Q# =~.
4. `O_ P#u H J_qH
~ `Q^ h qK\ H qk
=~[ ^ =~K@
_ H^~ `=_!

`II <<! J~}=# H O^ =K=? h `O_


^~^ =~A ZK@#<fl_. P#
LO_Q #=fi D J_qH ~`Q^ H^!
II z~ |` q ^~ ^~` =Q`",
^+ $fH =~} 79 HO ``! =# =Q` .
5. ``Qi Q$O|#O\q
~~Y =i#
Q Hk@ H##=#
=z<= <<!
`II KHO g ``Qi 'HH #Q~O
^~OQ LO_ =K"" x#fl "O@< Q~
@H#. x#fl Kz K P#O^OQ
L#flk. <<! ~`Q D J_qHO^
=K=?

73

74

II Hz^~` ``! ~* ` fi q7Q`,


Hz#fl n# ~* H#~O Q`.

`II Hn_ ^~^=~A r=_ H_


Uq? =_# ~ ` ! z#fl`# O = K`Q H
fi`"# h~[O Q@H<fl" Uq?
<<! `=, ~H==K a
^~^ KH=iH =Oz + KK<fl=
H^!

6. ~A =O# ~`!
i`OKK =$ux *O^#
=_= =O`OQ "~Q=
#+uq <<!
`II <<! ^~ ^ KH=i r=_ O_Q x#fl
WH_ ~h_! Z\ =K=? P#
WC_ rqOz L<fl_ H^!

II Hz^~^ ~* b `V~,
~[fi"^< =~ ^~x.

II Hz`=! # ` ~[O + O fi`" ,


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133

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136