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To know the events of the time period To understand how they affect the play/author To complete note taking and set tasks
1912 – Key Events
Sinking of the Titanic Balkan War Republic of China established Scott’s expedition to the Antarctic Wilson elected president
1945 – Key Events
First meeting of the United Nations and UN Security Council Yugoslavia’s constitution Bank of England nationalized as well as mines Italy/Bulgaria – declared republics UNICEF founded
What do these events show?
1912 Victorian Era – new technology/rigid social systems/conservative era (individual responsibility) 1946 Post war/Modern era – new ideas, new politics/globalization (collective responsibility)
Trickle effect Little involvement from central government Isolation…where possible Individuals job to better their situation. Class system comfortably established
Central government in everyday life Rich contribute towards the poor through taxes People can move through the class system – ideal is to have no class system NHS, Free schooling till 16 and welfare system (collective responsibility)
Old Order vs New Order
The Second World War had brought new ideas, socially and politically. Those who still believed in conservative ideas (individual responsibility) and did not want things to change were part of an ‘old order’. New ideas and socialist politics (collective responsibility) were part of a ‘new order’.
To make global or worldwide in scope or application. The advantages and disadvantages of globalization have been debated and scrutinized heavily in recent years. Proponents of globalization say that it helps developing nations "catch up" to industrialized nations much faster through increased employment and technological advances. Critics of globalization say that it weakens national sovereignty and allows rich nations to ship domestic jobs overseas where labor is much cheaper.. Countries have become more inter-
League of Nations
The forerunner of the United Nations was the League of Nations, an organization conceived in similar circumstances during the first World War, and established in 1919 under the Treaty of Versailles "to promote international cooperation and to achieve peace and security." The International Labour Organization was also created under the Treaty of Versailles as an affiliated agency of the League. The League of Nations ceased its activities after failing to prevent the Second World War
In 1945, representatives of 50 countries met in San Francisco at the United Nations Conference on International Organization to draw up the United Nations Charter. Those delegates deliberated on the basis of proposals worked out by the representatives of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States at Dumbarton Oaks, United States in August-October 1944. The Charter was signed on 26 June 1945 by the representatives of the 50 countries. Poland, which was not represented at the Conference, signed it later and became one of the original 51 Member States.