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Universidad católica de la santísima

concepción

Análisis de la estructura de un
puente con ángulo de elevación
Integrantes:
Ygnacio Bermedo
Rodrigo Ceballos
Nicolás Montecinos

Problema Nº1

• Modelo cañería: 6 Schedule 40
• Peso aproximado: 28,26 Kg/m

E
D
84,78 Kg

C
84,78 Kg

A

30°

B
84,78 Kg
84,78 Kg

84,78 Kg

• Modelo parrilla: 40x40x32T • Peso aproximado: 17 Kg/m2 30° .

5 Kg C 51 Kg B 51 Kg A 51 Kg 25.5 Kg .E D 25.

• Sobrecarga: 500 Kg/m2 30° .

E D 750Kg C 1500Kg B 1500 Kg A 1500 Kg 750 Kg .

• Viento: 20X2+10 (Kg/m2) 60X2+30 (Kg/m) E D C 30° A B .

60X2(Kg/m) E E D D C C 30° 30° B A A  4 2 𝑑𝑥 60𝑥 0 = 1280 𝐾𝑔 Nodo D B .

.

25 Kg 1922.9PP+ 0.2 Kg 1922.2 Kg 1572Kg .25 Kg 36Kg 36 Kg 30° 18 Kg 999.2SC + 1.2V 18 Kg 999.2 Kg 1922.9PPp + 1. Luego aplicando la combinación de carga: C1:0.

25 kg +36*cos(30) kg=1953.6 kg Ex=18*sen(30)= 9 kg Ey= 999.8 kg Bx=36*sen(30)= 18 kg By=1922.25 kg +36*cos(30) kg=1953.25 kg+18*cos(30)=1014.25 kg +18*cos(30) kg=1014.4 kg Dx=1572*sen(30)= 786 kg Dy=1922.25 kg+1572*cos(30) kg=3283.8 kg .Ax=18*sen(30)= 9 kg Ay=999.4 kg Cx=36*sen(30)= 18 kg Cy=1922.

48° 30° .

T 48° Ex Dx Ry Dy Bx Rx Ey Cx Cy Ax By Ay 𝐹𝑥 = 0 Rx + Ax + Bx + Cx + Dx + Ex + T*cos(48) = 0 .

Ay .T 48° Ex Dx Ry Dy Bx Rx Ey Cx Cy Ax By Ay 𝐹𝑦 = 0 Ry .By .Dy .Cy .Ey + T*sen(48) = 0 .

5 − Cy ∗ 3 − 𝐶𝑥 ∗ 1 − 𝐷𝑦 ∗ − 𝐷𝑥 ∗ 1.5 2 2 3 − 𝐸𝑦 ∗ 2 3 − 𝐸𝑥 ∗ 2 − 𝑇 ∗ cos 48 ∗ 2 + +𝑇 2 ∗ 𝑠𝑒𝑛 48 ∗ 2 3 − 0.5 = 0 .T 48° 0.5 3 2 30° Ex Dx Ry Dy Bx Rx Ey Cx Cy Ax By Ay 𝑀𝐴 = 0 3 3 3 −𝐵𝑦 ∗ − Bx ∗ 0.

.

Pregunta Nº2 .

4 Kg 1953.34 Kg X .4 Kg 39629.43Kg 1014.Cálculo de tensiones de las barras AG.56 Kg Estado inicial de fuerzas: 43070.6Kg 1953.8 Kg 3283.HD y EI 47834.43 Kg 9Kg Y 786 Kg 18 Kg 18 Kg 43901.CH.

43*sin(30º) Kg →-12369.73 Kg Eje X: → 47834.42 Kg →.37 Kg .3236.6*cos(30º) Kg-786*sin(30) Kg Eje Y: → -1014.68 Kg → -883.61 Kg Nodo J Eje Y: → 47834.43901.8*sin(30º) Kg+9*cos(30º) Kg → -961.8*cos(30º) Kg-9*sin(30º) Kg →.43*cos(30º) Kg Eje X: → -1953.56*sin(30º) Kg+43070.69 Kg Eje X: → -39629.Cálculo de tensiones de las barras AG.34 Kg Eje X: → -3283.56*cos(30º) Kg-43070.961.3 Kg → -1700.CH.34*sin(30º) Kg .11 Kg Nodo D Nodo E Eje Y: → -3283.HD y EI Nodo A Nodo B y C Eje Y: → -1953.34*cos(30º) Kg +43901.43*cos(30º) Kg → 61217.4*cos(30º) kg -18*sin(30º) Kg Eje Y: → -39629.6*sin(30º) Kg+786*cos(30º) Kg Eje X: →-1014.10 Kg → -499.43*sin(30º) Kg → 19890.4*sin(30º) kg +18*cos(30º) Kg → -57834.

CH.HD y EI Transformación de fuerzas .Cálculo de tensiones de las barras AG.

HD y EI .CH.Cálculo de tensiones de las barras AG.

3 Kg + AG*sin(45º) Kg =0 → AG= 17492.3 Kg Σ Fy=0 → -12369.69-HD*sin(45º)=0 → HD= -22303.HD y EI Corte Nº1 Corte Nº2 FG HI HD 961.42 Kg 57834.CH.42 Kg CD AB 12369.11Kg AG 961.11Kg 57834.69 Kg 1700.69 Kg Σ Fy= 0 → -12369.11 Kg (Compresión) .Cálculo de tensiones de las barras AG.69-1700.83 Kg (Tracción) 12369.3-1700.3 Kg 1700.

34 Kg ΣFy=0 → -883.51 Kg (Compresión) CD 1700.11 +BC) Kg (499.34 Kg +19890.69 Kg=0 → CH = 1700.37 Kg EI CH EJ (961.HD y EI Corte 3 Nodo C (4) 19890.73 Kg +EJ*sin(45º)=0 → EJ= -26880.Cálculo de tensiones de las barras AG.CH.61 +ED) Kg 883.69 Kg (Tracción) .69 Kg ΣFy=0 → CH-1700.73 Kg 61217.

415 ^2)-(7.11 36 619.704 Cm Área de la sección= π((8.83 36 485.24 Tracción .704^2))Cm² = 36 Cm² Resumen y determinación de tensiones barras Fuerza de las barras (Kg) Área de la sección transversal (Cm²) Tensión de las barras (Kg/Cm²) Estado de las barras AG 17492.Cálculo de tensiones de las barras AG.53 Compresión EI 26880.51 36 746.91 Tracción HD 22303.HD y EI Sección de la barra 7.69 36 47.68 Compresión CH 1700.CH.

Pregunta N° 3 .

5Kg 999.2 Kg 1965Kg .25 Kg 1922.2 Kg 1922.2 Kg 1922.5 Kg 999.22.25 Kg 45Kg 45 Kg 30° 22.

7 11.25+Ax .25 ∑Fy=0.AF AG AB 45° 30° 60° Ay 1018. Ax+AG*cos(75°)+AB*cos(30°)-AF*cos(60°)=-11. Ay+AG*sin(75°)+AB*sin(30°)+AF*sin(60°)=1018.7 ∑Fx=0.

BG BH BC 45° 30° 60° 22.5 ∑Fy=0.17 . BH*sin(75°)+BC*sin(30°)+BG*sin(60°)-AB*sin(30°)=1961.17 ∑Fx=0.5 30° AB 1961. BH*cos(75°)+BC*cos(30°)-BG*cos(60°)-AB*cos(30°)=-22.

17 ∑Fx=0.5 . CD*cos(30°)-BC*cos(30°)-CH*cos(60°)=-22.CH CD 30° 60° 30° BC 1961.17 22. CD*sin(30°)-BC*sin(30°)+CH*sin(60°)=1961.5 ∑Fy=0.

5 ∑Fy=0. DE*cos(30°)-CD*cos(30°)-DH*cos(15°)-DI*cos(60°)=-982.94 ∑Fx=0.DI DE DH 30° 30° 15° 30° CD 3623. DE*sin(30°)-CD*sin(30°)+DH*sin(15°)+DI*sin(60°)=3623.5 .9 982.

25 30° DE 1018. -Ej*cos(60°)-DE*cos(30°)-EI*cos(15°)=-11. Ej*sin(60°)-DE*sin(30°)+EI*sin(15°)=1018.7 ∑Fx=0.EJ EI 30° 15° 11.25 ∑Fy=0.7 .

FG*cos(30°)+AF*cos(60°)=0 ∑Fy=0.DE 30° 60° HF ∑Fx=0. FG*sin(30°)-AF*sin(60°)=0 .

BG*cos(60°)+GH*cos(30°)-FG*cos(30°)-AG*cos(75°)=0 ∑Fy=0. -BG*sin(60°)+GH*sin(30°)-FG*sin(30°)-AG*sin(75°)=0 .GH 30° 30° 45° 45° 60° FG AG BG ∑Fx=0.

CH*cos(60°)+DH*cos(15°)+HI*cos(30°)-GH*cos(30°)-BH*cos(75°)=0 ∑Fy=0.HI 30° 30° 45° 45° 45° 15° DH GH BH CH ∑Fx=0. -CH*sin(60°)-DH*sin(15°)+HI*sin(30°)-GH*sin(30°)-BH*sin(75°)=0 .

DI*cos(60°)+EI*cos(15°)+IJ*cos(30°)-HI*cos(30°)=0 ∑Fy=0. -DI*sin(60°)-EI*sin(15°)+IJ*sin(30°)-HI*sin(30°)=0 .IJ 30° 30° 45° 15° EI HI DI ∑Fx=0.

T*sin(48°) 30° T*cos(48°) 60° IJ EJ ∑Fx=0. -EJ*sin(60°)+T*sin(48°)-IJ*sin(30°)=0 . EJ*cos(60°)+T*cos(48°)-IJ*cos(30°)=0 ∑Fy=0.

BH*sin(75°)+BC*sin(30°)+BG*sin(60°)-AB*sin(30°)=1961. CD*cos(30°)-BC*cos(30°)-CH*cos(60°)=-22. DE*sin(30°)-CD*sin(30°)+DH*sin(15°)+DI*sin(60°)=3623.5 ∑Fy=0. -EJ*sin(60°)+T*sin(48°)-IJ*sin(30°)=0 . -Ej*cos(60°)-DE*cos(30°)-EI*cos(15°)=-11.17 ∑Fx=0.25 ∑Fy=0. Ej*sin(60°)-DE*sin(30°)+EI*sin(15°)=1018.Ecuaciones ∑Fx=0.9 ∑Fx=0. Ay+AG*sin(75°)+AB*sin(30°)+AF*sin(60°)=1018.5 ∑Fy=0. -DI*sin(60°)-EI*sin(15°)+IJ*sin(30°)-HI*sin(30°)=0 ∑Fx=0. CH*cos(60°)+DH*cos(15°)+HI*cos(30°)-GH*cos(30°)-BH*cos(75°)=0 ∑Fy=0.7 ∑Fx=0.5 ∑Fy=0. -CH*sin(60°)-DH*sin(15°)+HI*sin(30°)-GH*sin(30°)-BH*sin(75°)=0 ∑Fx=0. BH*cos(75°)+BC*cos(30°)-BG*cos(60°)-AB*cos(30°)=-22.7 ∑Fx=0. DE*cos(30°)-CD*cos(30°)-DH*cos(15°)-DI*cos(60°)=-982. DI*cos(60°)+EI*cos(15°)+IJ*cos(30°)-HI*cos(30°)=0 ∑Fy=0. BG*cos(60°)+GH*cos(30°)-FG*cos(30°)-AG*cos(75°)=0 ∑Fy=0. EJ*cos(60°)+T*cos(48°)-IJ*cos(30°)=0 ∑Fy=0.17 ∑Fx=0. CD*sin(30°)-BC*sin(30°)+CH*sin(60°)=1961.25 ∑Fy=0. FG*cos(30°)+AF*cos(60°)=0 ∑Fy=0. -BG*sin(60°)+GH*sin(30°)-FG*sin(30°)-AG*sin(75°)=0 ∑Fx=0. Ax+AG*cos(75°)+AB*cos(30°)-AF*cos(60°)=-11. FG*sin(30°)-AF*sin(60°)=0 ∑Fx=0.

5     3623 . 25     1018 .5    1961 .17    22 .Matriz Kg X  Ax     Ay   AB     AF   AG   BC     BG   BH   CH     CD   DH   DI     DE   FG  GH     HI   IJ  T     EI   EJ    =   11 . 7      0   0   0     0   0   0     0   0   0     0   . 25   1018 . 7    22 .17    982 .9    11 .5    1961 .

9     1709 . 4      13280 .67   35569 . 8     .9    0    18782 .1   34608 .9    21217 . 3     0  13280 .Kg  Ax     Ay   AB     AF   AG   BC     BG   BH   CH     CD   DH   DI     DE   FG   GH     HI   IJ   T     EI   EJ    =   46994 .5      23617 .9     44971 .8   20330    19838 . 3    48637 .0     68662 .1     41442 . 4    28750 .9   21199 .8   65301 .

Comprobando .

38      786   3283 .Matriz Kg X  Ax     Ay   AB     AF   AG   BC     BG   BH   CH     CD   DH   DI     DE   FG  GH     HI   IJ  T     EI   EJ    =  9    1014 .84    0   0     0   0   0     0   0   0     0   0   .84   18  1953 .59    9    1014 .38      18  1953 .

7    .1    0    17492 .5   19890 . 2      12369 . Ax     Ay   AB     AF   AG   BC     BG   BH   CH     CD   DH   DI     DE   FG   GH     HI   IJ   T     EI   EJ    Kgr =   43910 .3      22303 . 8     26880 .1   19007 . 4    18507 .5      38614 .3     42210   61217 . 4    64367 .3   19898    1700 . 7     0  12369 . 68    33317 .9   32356 .6   45465 .

El Ganges de los derechos desciende del Himalaya de los deberes. Mahatma Gandhi .

Muchas Gracias! .