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Joshua Brooks History 1700 Section 35 Response Assignment #2 1. Lecture & Films According to the film Wake Up America and the class lecture/discussion, what were some of the results of economic expansion in the first half of the 19 th century? What were some of the results of territorial expansion? Explain. The economic and territorial expansion during the end of the 1700s and first half of the 1800s was a huge turning point for the United States. It was called the Industrial Revolution for a very good reason. A time to grow and expand your horizons America, “The Ideal life of the small famer” said Tomas Jefferson is about to change. Samuel Slater you might say started the huge change in the United States. Being a small factory worker he alone brought the information that greatly affected how things were made in the US. Memorizing the Common Jennies plans and how they work he snuck over to the US in 1784 and in 1790 build the first water powered cotton spinning factory. He was later known as the Father of the American Industrial Revolution. The first highway was built and paid for the by Federal Government as they saw this would simulate trading and traveling would be safer and faster. The road later to be called “Main Street of America” provided many people the opportunity to move west as it was much easier to do so and towns sprang up all along the National Road.

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Shortly after Robert Fulton invented Steam Boats seeing that back east there were lots of water ways that could be used to transport goods. Later it was discovered that if they were to connect and build a canal from Albany to Buffalo they could carry goods along the Great Lakes and all the way to Chicago. The Erie Canal some called “Clintons Dream” was built and by this point the cost of shipping went down from $100 a ton to just $8 a ton. Steam Locomotives were built and with 30,000 miles of track laid, this leads to an even greater movement west and of course, stimulated trading even more. By this point the population was exploding from 1790 of only four million people to 1850 of a booming 23 million. The growing population meant territories could become states very quickly as they only needed 60,000 people to request state hood. The time of inventions this era was called: John Deer invented the Steal Plow, Cyrus McCormick the Reaper and Elias Howe with the Sewing Machine. These inventions allowed farmers to work faster and increased productivity. The need to work 16 hours a day was no longer needed. The industrial revolution brought jobs and more land owning opportunities than ever before. Americans could now afford things they didn’t think possible. The world in their eyes was exploding with hope and dreams of what may come. Look at what wonderful America had become and invented. Now America could become the strongest nation as it laid its building blocks for a strong foundation for the future of what was to come.

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II. Primary Documents “Voices of Freedom” Chapter 9 Question 3 The man is standing on steps of the great Harvard College preaching to other young men. Telling them to be free thinkers and walk on their own two feet. In the other article, the woman feeling like a slave is shouting for freedom from arduous labor and the chance to be educated. Ralph Waldo Emerson was a writer and a scholar; he appeared to see life of one of contentment with educational freedoms in his article of “The American Scholar” .He wanted every young man to learn to think for himself and leave the European thinking behind. How easy life seemed when he wrote it, care free it sounds. Stop worrying about other people and help yourself and went on to quote a Swiss educator Pestalozzi “I learned that no man in God’s wide earth is willing or able to help any other man” (270). Emerson said “Young men . . . do not yet see, that if the single man {should} plant himself indomitably on his instincts, and there abide, the huge world will come round to him…. We will walk on our own feet; we will work with our own hands; we will speak our own minds.” (270) The second article from “Factory Life as It Is” a women factory worker shouts to those not-listening educated men wishing to be heard stands up for herself and her fellow female laborers. Not black but female and manipulated into working all day everyday under strenuous circumstances. She wasn’t allowed to get an education, to improve her life as she saw fit.

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She said “What time has the operative to bestow on moral, religious or intellectual culture?” Also stating, “Have we not cause to question the sincerity of those who, while they talk benevolence in the parlor, compel their help to labor for a mean, paltry pittance in the kitchen?” (270) Life is great for the man who can go to school and learn how to be successful and stand on his own two feet. Women working away as the new slave were building up America for the Industrial Revolution. How things have changed for the better, women were the perfect answer. No education needed, many available job opportunities and that needed to be filled. Women conned by men into stepping up to the plate and doing the dirty work. The American Market revolution could be a reality.