EJERCICIOS DE RADICALES.

1.
4 3 3 2 2
ab b a ab ⋅ ⋅
6 2 2 4 3 3 6 6 8 8 3 9 17 23 5 11 12 12 12
12
(ab) (a b ) (ab ) a b a b a b a b a b a b = ⋅ ⋅ = ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ = ⋅ = ⋅ ⋅ ⋅

2. ( )( ) a a − + 3 3 9 a = −

3.
10 9 7 5 2 6 4 4 2
b a b ab ab a
60 60 15 112 148 2 52 28 2 13 7
a b ab a b ab a b = ⋅ = ⋅ = ⋅

4.
6 6 3 3
2 2 2 2 2 2 a a a a a a ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅
6 6 3 3 3 3 2 2 3 3 6 6 4 4
2 a 2 a 2 a 2 a 2 a 2 a 2 a = ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ = ⋅ ⋅ = ⋅

5. ( ) ( )
2 2 2 2
b a b a b a b a + − + + + +
( )
2
2 2 2 2 2 2 2
(a b) a b a b 2ab a b 2ab = + − + = + + − − =

6.
n m
n m
m
n
n
m
3
3 4 3 3
4
2
6
5
8
3
2
1
2
6
5
4
⋅ ⋅
2 2
2 2
3mn mn
m m
3 2 2
= =



7.
b a
b
b a
a

+
+
( ) ( )
a ( a b) b ( a b) a ab ba b a b
a b a b a b
a b ( a b) a b ( a b)
⋅ − ⋅ + − + +
= + = + =
− − −
+ ⋅ − − ⋅ +


8. 2 2 5 2 8 4 5 2
2 2
− + + ⋅ − − + a a a a
2 2
2a 5 4(a 2) 2a 5 2 a 2 = + − − ⋅ + + − =
( )
( )
2
2
2 2 2 2 2
2a 5 2 a 2 2a 5 2 a 2 2a 5 2 a 2 4a 25 20a 4a 8 2a 33 = + − − ⋅ + + − = + − − = + + − + = +

9.
b a b a
b a
− − +
+
( )
( ) ( )
( )
( )
2
2
a b a b a b a b a b a b
a b a b a b a b
a b) ( a b
+ ⋅ + + − + ⋅ + + −
= = =
+ − − ⋅ + + −
+ − −

( )
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
2
2 2
a b a b
a b a b a b a b a b ) ( a b
a b) (a b a b a b 2b
+ + −
+ ⋅ + + − + + + ⋅ −
= = =
+ − − + − +


10.
10
8 4
6 2
6
2 2
2 5
5
2 3
4 4
3
2
2
b a
d c
d a
d b
d b
c a
d c
ab
⋅ ⋅ ⋅
10 6 5 3
2 4 4 5 2 2 6
30
2 3 2 2 2 4 8
ab a c b d c d
c d b d a d a b
| | | | | | | |
= ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ =
| | | |
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹

10 20 24 24 25 10 6 18 34 45 30 28 12 3 10
30 30
30
20 10 18 12 10 10 12 24 22 42 20 32 4
a b a c b d c d a b c d a b c
c d b d a d a b a b c d d
| | | | | | | | ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅
= ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ = =
| | | |
⋅ ⋅ ⋅
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹


11.
a
2 a −
( )
( ) ( )
a 2 a
2 a a
4 a
2 a 2 a
⋅ +
+
= =

− ⋅ +

( )
10
60 2 15 4 30 2 12 7 9 6 30 10 40 30 30 24 42 54
60
(a ) ab (ab) (b ) (a b ) a a b a b b a b = ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ = ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ =
3 3 4 3 3 3 4 3 2 3 4
3 3 4
4 5 6m 3n 2m n 1 6m 3n 2m n 1 3 m n
5 2 6 3 3 2n 8m 4m n 2n 8m 4m n 2
⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅
= = = =
⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ ⋅


12.
x y
x y
+

( )
( ) ( )
2
x y
x y 2 xy
x y
x y x y
+
+ +
= =

− ⋅ +


13.
2
3
2
2
4
3
5
2
4
1
2
1
2
1




− −


|
|
¹
|

\
|
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|

|
|
¹
|

\
|
b
a
b
a
b
a
3 11 1
16 16 2
11
3 13
59 17 3
16
10 10
16 10
3 3 13
3
10
3 3
a a a
b
a b
b b
a b
a a
b a
b b
− −



= = = = ⋅



14.
a
a a
a
a
a
9 3
8
6
4
:

18
9
6 9 3
12
72
72 72
72
24 8 4 4
36
a
: a
a : a a
a
a
a a a a
a

− −
= = = =



15.
ab
ab
a
b
b
a 1
+ − +
ab ab ab ab(a b ab 1)
ab
b a ab ab
+ − +
= + − + =

16.
3
2 2
4 6
4
5
4
3
3
2
2
:
c
b
b
a
c
b
a
bc
b
ac
b
c a
c
b a
c
ab

⋅ ⋅
⋅ ⋅
6 6 8 4 9 3
8 8 23 7 11
6 8 3
8 4 4 16 2 14 12
12 12
12
2 10 3 3 6 4 4 1 7
8 3 6
a b a b a c
a b a b c
c c b
: : (a b c ) a b c
a c b c b b c a bc
b a c

− −

⋅ ⋅
= ⋅ = = =
⋅ ⋅

2
6 8 7
6
a a b
a b c
c c

= =

17.
3 5
3 5
3 5
3 5
+

+

+
( ) ( )
2 2
5 3 5 3
5 3 2 15 5 3 2 15 16
8
5 3 5 3 2 2
+ −
+ + + + −
= + = = =
− −


18.
4
3
1
2
1
5
1
4
1
6
1
4
3
5
2
|
|
¹
|

\
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
b a
b a
1 2
4
2 2 3 3
6 3
5 5 4 4
4 1
1 11
15 2
4 24
1 1 1 1 1
1 1 1 1
3 4 12 60 24
5 5 2 2
a b a b
a b
a b
a b
a b a b


| | | |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
= = = =
| | | |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹


19.
4
1
5
3
3
2
5
4
3 2



|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
b a
b a
1 5
5
5
5 1 5
4 3
12
12 16 16 16 16 16 16 2 3 4 6
12 2 24
5 3 5 3 5 3
4 2
4 2
5 3
5 3
a b a b
a b a b a b
a b
a b
− ⋅


− ⋅ −
− −
− − −


| |
| |
| |
| | | |
|
|
| = = = ⋅ = ⋅ = ⋅ =
| |
|
| |
|
\ ¹ \ ¹
|
\ ¹
\ ¹
\ ¹

2 10
3 9
a b

= ⋅


20.
4
5
2
5
3
2
3
7
5
a a
a a


100 310
210 210 1 53 30
7 7
60
60 60
7 7 60 105
8 6 14
a a a
a a a
a a a

= = = = =

21.
8 4
c b a
bc
⋅ ⋅
8 8 6 7
8 8
4 2 4
b c b c
a b c a
= =

22. ( )
3 4 3 2
2 4 3 ab b a ⋅
( ) ( ) ( )
3 3
3
3 2 2 3 2 2 2 3 4 4 5 3 3 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4
3 2 a b 2 a b 3 2 a b 3 2ab b 3 2 a b b = = = =

23. ( )
5
3 2 2
2 2 b a a ⋅
( ) ( )
5 5
6 6 6 6 3 3 2 4 4 5 7 4 25 35 20 4 5 3 5 2
2 a 2 a b 2 a b 2 a b 2 a b 2a b = = = =

24. ( ) ( ) ( )
2
3 2 5 3 4
b a b a b a b a − + [ ]
( )
2
2
15 15 12 9 10 5 2 2 2 44 28
(a b) (a b) a b a b (a b ) a b = + ⋅ − = − =
15 2 2 2 2 14 13
(a b ) a b a b = −

25. ( )
4
3 2 2
2 2 bc a ⋅
3 3 8 2 4 4 8 6 8 2 2
a 2 2 b c 2 a bc bc = =

26.
2
4 3 2
5 3 4
5
|
|
¹
|

\
|
⋅ ⋅
b
a
c b
a
c
b a
2
16 12 20 20 10 46 20 4 2 6
20 10 10
20 10 15 20 18 35 3 8 5
a b a 5 a a 5 a 5 a
c b c b b c bc b c
| |
= = = |
|
\ ¹


27.
2
3
5 3 4
2
3 2
2
:
|
|
¹
|

\
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|
c b
a
c b
a
2 2
3 3 2 30 90 45 30 72 54
15
30
40 20 72 54 40 20 90 45
3 5 4 2 12 9
2 a a a 2 a a b c
: :
b c b c b c 2 a
b c b c
| | | |
| | | |
| = = = = |
| |
| |
\ ¹ \ ¹
\ ¹ \ ¹

32 34 2 2
15 2 4
15
90 15 4
b c b c
b c
2 a 2 a
= =

28. ( )
2
6 4 5
2
3 4 2 3 3 2
|
¹
|

\
|
n m n m n m n m
( )
3 3 3 6 2 2 3 2 2 4 5 4 2 4 2 9 9 10 8
m n m n m n m n m m n m n m n = = =
6 6 6 2 23 24 2 3 4 5 5 4 5
m m n m m n m m n m = = =

29.
a
a b b a −
( )
2 2 4 4
2 2 3 5 4 2 2 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
4
4 4 3 4
a b ab
a b ab a a b a b a( ab b )
ab b
a a
a a
a

− − −
= = ⋅ = = = −

30. 1 − m
m
ab
ab
m m
m(m 1)
m 1 m 1 m
m 1 m
a b
a b ab
ab

− −

= = =

31. ( ) ( )
5 3
2 ab ab ⋅
3 3 3 5 5 3 8 8 4 4
2 a b a b 2 a b 2a b 2 = ⋅ = =

32. a
3
1
2
1
6
2 2 4 2
1 1 1 1 a
a a
3 3 2 2 2 3
= ⋅ = ⋅ ⋅ =


33.
8
3 7 3 2
|
|
¹
|

\
|
b a
( ) ( )
8 4
2 3 2 3 8 12 42 21 21
a b a b a b = = =

34. ( )
2
4
6
3
5
|
|
¹
|

\
|
|
¹
|

\
|
ab
( )
2
6
2
3 5 5 5 5 5 5 2 2 4
4
a b a b a b a b ab
| |
| |
| = = = =
|
|
\ ¹
\ ¹


35.
3 5 5 4 2 3 3
b a c b a abc ⋅
6 8 6 4 4 4 3 3 2 5 5 7 7 6 5 5 21 21 18 20 20 4 24
a b c a b c a b a b c a b a b c a b = ⋅ = ⋅ = =
41 41 18 17 17 18 24 24
a b c ab a b c = =

36.
3 6 2 3 4
b a b a
3 6 18 18 24 6 3 2 27 8 9 8
a b a b a b a a b = = =

37. ( ) ( )
3
6
2
1 1
|
¹
|

\
|
+ + x x ( ) ( ) ( )
( )
( ) ( )
3
3
6 2 8 8 2
6 12 4
1 x 1 x 1 x 1 x 1 x
| |
= + + = + = + = +
|
\ ¹


38.
3 6 5 2
m m m
3 6 6 6 36 3 2 5 30 5 35
m m m m m m = = =

39.
3 3 3
2 2 a a a
9 3 3 27 3 3 12 4 13 3 3
2aa 2a 2 a 2a 2 a = = =

40.
3
5
4
2
4
|
|
|
¹
|

\
|

|
|
¹
|

\
|
n
m
n
m
3 3
3 3 1
2 2 5 4 4 10 8 18
2 10
10
5
5 6
10
m m m m m m m
n n n
n n n n

| |
| | | |
| |
|
= ⋅ = ⋅ = = = | |
|
| |
|
\ ¹
\ ¹ \ ¹
\ ¹

3 1 9
6 9
3 3 3 7
2 10 10
2
10 10
9
m m m m
m
n n n n
⋅ ⋅
| | | | | |
= = = =
| | |
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹


41.
3 4 5 3 7 5 7 3 5 2
b a b a b a b a
3 5 5 5 8 20 3 7 5 7 3 11 27 5 7 3 22 54 5 7 3 4 12 12
a b a b a b a b a b a b a b a b a b a b = = = =
24 24 5 5 120 120 60 27 55 7 3 135 275 7 3 142 278 2 22 38 2 11 19
a b a b a b a b a b ab a b ab a b = = = = =

42.
a
a
a a b a ab ab ⋅ ⋅ ⋅
3 3 2 2 3 6 9 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 2 2 3 4 3
a a
a b ab a b a a a b a b a
a a
= ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ = ⋅ ⋅ ⋅ =
9 2 2 3 4
36 36 36 18 8 8 27 36 71 26 35 26
ab a b a a
b a b a a a b a a b
a
⋅ ⋅ ⋅
/
= = = =
/


43.
2
|
|
¹
|

\
|
+
d
c
b
a
3 3 4
4
a c a c ab cd ac ab cd acb d
2 2 2
b d bd b d bd
b d b d
= + + ⋅ = + + = + + =
3 3 4
d ab b cd 2 acb d
bd
+ +
=


3 2 2 4 2 3 6 9 3 5 8 12 4 7 6 2 4 4
2 7 a b c 2 5 a b c 2 a b c 2 a b c = ⋅ + ⋅ − + =
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
2
2 2 2 2 3
3
a b (a b) a b a b a b a b a b a b a b = − + + − + − + + + + + − =
( ) ( ) ( ) 2a 3b 2 2a a 2b c 3 2a 4a b 3c 2a = + + + − − − − =
44.
4 2 6 4 4 12 8 3 3 9 6 2 4 2
128 32 250 98 c b a c b a c b a c b a + − +
2 2 3 2 3 3 3 2 2 3 2 2 3 2 3 3 3 4 4
7ab c 2 5a b c 2 2a b c 2 2 a bc 2 2(7ab c 8a bc ) 5a b c 2 2a b c 2 = + − + = + + −

45.
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) b a b a b a b a b a b a b a b a − + + + + + − + − + −
2
3 2 2 2 2 3
4

( ) ( ) ( )
2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
3 3
a b a b a b a b a b a b 2ab 2a a b 2ab a b = + − + + + − − + − + + + = + + −



46.
n m
a
mn
a
2
2
2
2
+
2
2 2
a (m n) a m n
mn m n
+ +
= =

47. cd b abcd cd a
2 2
4 8 4 + +
2 2 2
4cd(a 2ab 4 ) 4cd(a b) 2(a b) cd = + + = + = +

48. ( ) ( ) ( ) a c b a a c b a a b a 2 3 4 18 2 8 3 2 − − − − + + +
( ) ( ) 4a 6b 3a 6b 3c 4a b 3c 2a 3a 13b 2a = + + + − − + + = +

49. ab ab a ab b a ab
4
1
4 25 , 0 2 4 3
3
− − − +
2 4
3 ab 2a ab ab a ab ab
2 2
= + − − − =
ab(3 2a 1 a 2) a ab = + − − − =

50.
( ) ( )
( ) x a
x a a x a x
+
|
|
¹
|

\
|



2 2
1 1
( )
( )
( )
( )
2 2
2 2 2 2
a x (a x)(a x)
a x a x
a x
xa x a a x x a a x
| | + − +
− +
= + = =
|
|
− −
\ ¹


51.
3 2 3 3 3 2 3 6
125 5 64 3 2 b a b a a b a b a + + −
2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3
2a b 3a 2 b 5a b 5a b = − + + =
2 3
2a b =

52.
6 8 5
3 3
3 4 2
9
2
: 6
c b a
c ab
c b a
2 4 3 2 4 5 3
2 4 3 3 6 9 6
2 4 5 3
2 2 3 a b c 3 a b c
2 3 a b c : 3 a b c
2 3 a b c
⋅ ⋅
= ⋅ ⋅ = = =
3 4 3
3a b c 3b =

53.
9 3 3 6 2
6 27 5 64 5 a a a + −
6 2 3 3 3 3 3 3
5 2 a 5 3 a 6 a 10 a 15 a 6 a a = ⋅ − ⋅ + = − + =

54.
6 3 6 4 2 4 6 2
16 c b a c b a c a b − +
6 2 2 3 4
ba c 2ab a c ab c ab c 2ab ac ab c 2ab ac = + − = + − =

55.
mn b a
m ab
n ab
mn a
5 3
2 7
2 2
3
+
3 2 2 2
2 2
a m b m a m b m m a b m a b n
b n a n n b a n ab b n a n
n
| | + | |
= + = + = + = =
| |
\ ¹
\ ¹

( )
2 2
a b
mn
abn
+
=

56.
2
2
1
4
1
3
4
1
ab
a a
b
ab
a
− +
1 b 3b 1 1 b 3b 1
a b a a a b a
a 2 2 a a 2a 2a a
= + − = + − =
b a 3b a 2b a 2b a b a
2a 2a a
+ −
= = =


57. ( )
3
3 3 4 3
1 125 , 0 27 27 5 , 1 8 8 a a a a + − + + + ( )
3
3 3
3
3 1
8a (1 a) 27(1 a) 1 a
2 8
= + + + − + =
3 3 3 3 3 3
3 1 9 1 4a 8
2a 1 a 3 1 a 1 a 1 a (2a ) 1 a( ) (2a 4) 1 a
2 2 2 2 2
+
= + + ⋅ + − + = + + − = + = + +

58. ( ) ( )
6
6 3
4
4 2 2 2
c n m b n m n a m a − + − + −
( ) ( )
2 3
2
6 4
a (m n) b m n c m n = − + − + − =
a m n b m n c m n (a b c) m n = − + − + − = + + −

59.
125 , 0
2 2
2
18 18 , 0
3 , 0
4 3
2 2
2
2
c a
ac c
a
c
a
b
b
a
b
a b
− + +
2
2
10b 3 a a 3b 2 2c 2 2ac a 2
2a 2a 2 3a 2 2a 4 2a
3 5b 2 b a c 2 a ac
⋅ ⋅
= ⋅ + + − = + + − =
a 2 2 a 2 2a 3a 2a a 2a 3a 2a 2a 2a
2 3a 2 2a 4 2a 2 2a
2 a 2 a a
2 a
/ + −
= + + − = + − = =
/

2a 2a
2 2a
a
= =

60. ab ab ab ab 288 50 72 8 − + + 2 2ab 6 2ab 5 2ab 12 2ab 2ab (2 6 5 12) = + + − = + + − =
2ab =



2 2 2
3 3 4
2 2 2 2
10b 3 a a 2 3 b 2a 2
2c 2 a c
3 b a 2 5 b c ac

= + + − =

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