Está en la página 1de 17

Coeficiente de Compacidad Gravelius

K=
P=
A=

P
2 A

Perimetro de la cuenca
rea de la cuenca

P=
A=

15.02
10.46

K=

1.31

Km
Km2

Si K>=1::: Tiene un comportamiento de una cuenca circular, por lo tanto es ms susceptible


a mayores gastos.
Entre ms se aleja de la unidad disminuye el riesgo de gastos pico debido a grandes tiempos de
concentracin
Nunca podr ser menor de 1
Rectangulo Equivalente

L=

2
K A
1.12
1 + 1

1.12
K

L=

5.75

( )]

K A
1. 12
l=
1 1
1 . 12
K

Km

l=

1.82

Km

Li (Km)
4.85
5.52
5.68
6.56
7.48
8.19
8.63
7.79
7.60
7.42
7.28
7.67
7.62

Cota
1920.00
1900.00
1880.00
1860.00
1840.00
1820.00
1800.00
1780.00
1760.00
1740.00
1720.00
1700.00
1680.00

Pendiente Media de la Cuenca

Sc=
Cota
2520.00
2500.00
2480.00
2460.00
2440.00
2420.00
2400.00
2380.00
2360.00
2340.00
2320.00
2300.00
2280.00

Li (m)
66.21
171.09
256.75
379.56
567.64
628.34
657.62
719.78
899.06
999.74
1199.91
1545.18
2113.52

Li (Km)
0.07
0.17
0.26
0.38
0.57
0.63
0.66
0.72
0.90
1.00
1.20
1.55
2.11

( DA ) L

Cota
2220.00
2200.00
2180.00
2160.00
2140.00
2120.00
2100.00
2080.00
2060.00
2040.00
2020.00
2000.00
1980.00

Li (m)
4846.27
5520.05
5683.20
6555.98
7479.38
8190.81
8630.94
7790.43
7600.15
7416.76
7283.92
7669.22
7615.82

2260.00
2240.00

2719.27
3433.14

2.72
3.43

1960.00
1940.00
L

A (Km2)

Sc=
Sc=
Sc=

10.46

7892.64
7620.26

7.89
7.62

428.93
82.05%
0.82
820.50

Km
adim
milesimas

Tiempo de Concentracin
0. 77

tc=0 . 0003245

[ ]

tc = 0.000325

L0.77
S 0.385

L
S

Kirpich

Kirpich

tc=
tc=

0.27478 hr
0.27521 hr

16.49 min
16.51 min

tc=

0.27500 hr

16.50 min

Hidrologia aplicada

Aparicio

1660.00
1640.00

Li (m)
8388.65
9292.93
11029.14
12852.01
12212.81
12779.95
13175.21
13832.84
13756.56
13178.27
13707.64
14680.09
14956.42

Li (Km)
8.39
9.29
11.03
12.85
12.21
12.78
13.18
13.83
13.76
13.18
13.71
14.68
14.96

Cota
1620.00
1600.00
1580.00
1560.00
1540.00
1520.00
1500.00
1480.00
1460.00
1440.00
1420.00

Li (m)
17032.07
16014.37
14168.16
12246.49
12579.60
13801.83
10679.40
7358.98
4143.34
2051.67

Li (Km)
17.03
16.01
14.17
12.25
12.58
13.80
10.68
7.36
4.14
2.05
0.00

14202.07
16658.70

14.20
16.66

Periodo de Retorno Tr (aos)


Duracin (min)

5
10
20
30
60
120
240

10

20

119
85
70
61
43
24
14

135
97
81
72
51
29
17

25
Intensidad de Lluvia I, mm/hr.
142
101
84
75
54
30
17

50

100

159
113
95
85
62
35
20

176
125
106
95
69
39
23

METODO: CORRELACION MULTIPLE


ESTACION CLIMATOLOGICA: Ayutla
CLAVE: 20241
ALTITUD: MSNM
COORDENADAS GEOGRAFICAS: LATITUD - LONGITUD -
ORDEN

TR (AOS)

10

20

DURACION EN MIN.
30

1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00

100.00
50.00
25.00
20.00
10.00

176.00
159.00
142.00
135.00
119.00

125.00
113.00
101.00
97.00
85.00

106.00
95.00
84.00
81.00
70.00

95.00
85.00
75.00
72.00
61.00

DUR.
5
5
5
5
5

ORDEN
1
2
3
4
5

X2
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70
0.70

X1
2.00
1.70
1.40
1.30
1.00

Y
2.25
2.20
2.15
2.13
2.08

X1 Y
4.49
3.74
3.01
2.77
2.08

X2 Y
1.57
1.54
1.50
1.49
1.45

10
10
10
10
10

1
2
3
4
5

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

2.00
1.70
1.40
1.30
1.00

2.10
2.05
2.00
1.99
1.93

4.19
3.49
2.80
2.58
1.93

2.10
2.05
2.00
1.99
1.93

20
20
20
20
20

1
2
3
4
5

1.30
1.30
1.30
1.30
1.30

2.00
1.70
1.40
1.30
1.00

2.03
1.98
1.92
1.91
1.85

4.05
3.36
2.69
2.48
1.85

2.63
2.57
2.50
2.48
2.40

30
30
30
30

1
2
3
4

1.48
1.48
1.48
1.48

2.00
1.70
1.40
1.30

1.98
1.93
1.88
1.86

3.96
3.28
2.62
2.42

2.92
2.85
2.77
2.74

30

1.48

1.00

1.79

1.79

2.64

60
60
60
60
60

1
2
3
4
5

1.78
1.78
1.78
1.78
1.78

2.00
1.70
1.40
1.30
1.00

1.84
1.79
1.73
1.71
1.63

3.68
3.05
2.42
2.22
1.63

3.27
3.19
3.08
3.04
2.90

120
120
120
120
120

1
2
3
4
5

2.08
2.08
2.08
2.08
2.08

2.00
1.70
1.40
1.30
1.00

1.59
1.54
1.48
1.46
1.38

3.18
2.62
2.06
1.90
1.38

3.31
3.21
3.07
3.04
2.87

240
240
240
240
240

1
2
3
4
5

2.38
2.38
2.38
2.38
2.38

2.00
1.70
1.40
1.30
1.00

1.36
1.30
1.23
1.23
1.15

2.72
2.21
1.72
1.60
1.15

3.24
3.10
2.93
2.93
2.73

Suma

53.57

51.79

62.41

93.12

90.04

N a+

b X1 +

( X 1Y ) =

a X1 +

b ( X12 )+

( X 2Y ) =

a X2 +

b ( X1*X2 )

SISTEMA DE ECUACIONES
N

35

( X1 )

51.786

( X2 )

53.573

(Y)

62.411

( X 1Y )

93.124

( X 2Y )

90.041

( X 12 )

80.734

62.411

35

( X 22 )

92.567

93.124

51.786

( X1 X2 )

79.266

90.041

53.573

Resolviendo el sistema de ecuaciones tenemos :


a=

2.297536137

b=

0.1898

c=

-0.519514673

La ecuacion de las curvas i-d-t es :

TR
10
20
25
50
100

5
133.11
151.83
158.39
180.67
206.07

K* T
dn

10
92.86
105.91
110.50
126.03
143.75

15
75.22
85.80
89.51
102.09
116.45

DURACION EN MIN.
20
28.83
64.78
53.57
73.89
61.10
77.08
63.75
87.92
72.71
100.28
82.93

198.3974 T 0.1898
d 0.519515

45
42.51
48.48
50.58
57.69
65.81

200
180
160

T r=

140

T r=

120

T r=

100

T r=

80

T r=
0

60
40
20
0
0

50

100

RACION EN MIN.
60

120

240

69.00
62.00
54.00
51.00
43.00

39.00
35.00
30.00
29.00
24.00

23.00
20.00
17.00
17.00
14.00

X12
4.00
2.89
1.95
1.69
1.00

X22
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49
0.49

X1 X2
1.40
1.19
0.98
0.91
0.70

4.00
2.89
1.95
1.69
1.00

1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00
1.00

2.00
1.70
1.40
1.30
1.00

4.00
2.89
1.95
1.69
1.00

1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69
1.69

2.60
2.21
1.82
1.69
1.30

4.00
2.89
1.95
1.69

2.18
2.18
2.18
2.18

2.95
2.51
2.06
1.92

150

200

250

300

1.00

2.18

1.48

4.00
2.89
1.95
1.69
1.00

3.16
3.16
3.16
3.16
3.16

3.56
3.02
2.49
2.31
1.78

4.00
2.89
1.95
1.69
1.00

4.32
4.32
4.32
4.32
4.32

4.16
3.53
2.91
2.71
2.08

4.00
2.89
1.95
1.69
1.00

5.67
5.67
5.67
5.67
5.67

4.76
4.04
3.33
3.10
2.38

80.73

92.57

79.27

c X2
c ( X1*X2 )
+ c ( X22 )
51.786

53.573

80.734

79.266

79.266

92.567

por lo tanto
k=

10 2.297536

m=

0.1898

n=

0.519514673

98.3974 T 0.1898
d 0.519515

60
36.61
41.75
43.56
49.68
56.67

80
31.52
35.96
37.51
42.79
48.80

198.397473356
336.43

T r=10
T r=20
T r=25
T r=50
T r=10
0

250

300

M
1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
7.00

10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00

I
119.00
85.00
70.00
61.00
43.00
24.00
14.00
135.00
97.00
81.00
72.00
51.00
29.00
17.00
142.00
101.00
84.00
75.00
54.00
30.00
17.00
159.00
113.00
95.00
85.00
62.00
35.00
20.00
176.00
125.00
106.00
95.00
69.00
39.00
23.00

D
5.00
10.00
20.00
30.00
60.00
120.00
240.00
5.00
10.00
20.00
30.00
60.00
120.00
240.00
5.00
10.00
20.00
30.00
60.00
120.00
240.00
5.00
10.00
20.00
30.00
60.00
120.00
240.00
5.00
10.00
20.00
30.00
60.00
120.00
240.00

TR
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
10.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
20.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
25.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
50.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00
100.00

Y
LNI
4.78
4.44
4.25
4.11
3.76
3.18
2.64
4.91
4.57
4.39
4.28
3.93
3.37
2.83
4.96
4.62
4.43
4.32
3.99
3.40
2.83
5.07
4.73
4.55
4.44
4.13
3.56
3.00
5.17
4.83
4.66
4.55
4.23
3.66
3.14

X1
LNTR
2.30
2.30
2.30
2.30
2.30
2.30
2.30
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.00
3.22
3.22
3.22
3.22
3.22
3.22
3.22
3.91
3.91
3.91
3.91
3.91
3.91
3.91
4.61
4.61
4.61
4.61
4.61
4.61
4.61

50

0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

0
0

10

20

30

40

50

60

70

80

70

X2
LND
1.61
2.30
3.00
3.40
4.09
4.79
5.48
1.61
2.30
3.00
3.40
4.09
4.79
5.48
1.61
2.30
3.00
3.40
4.09
4.79
5.48
1.61
2.30
3.00
3.40
4.09
4.79
5.48
1.61
2.30
3.00
3.40
4.09
4.79
5.48

80

C
-0.52

B
0.19

a=
b=
c=

5.29
0.19
-0.52

TR
5
10
15
20
25
50
75
100
500
1000

5
116.62
133.06
143.72
151.81
158.39
180.72
195.21
206.19
280.05
319.53

A
5.29
k=
m=
n=

10^5.29
0.19
0.52

198.13T^0.19
d^0.52

10
81.35
92.82
100.26
105.90
110.49
126.07
136.18
143.84
195.36
222.90

20
56.75
64.75
69.94
73.87
77.08
87.94
94.99
100.34
136.28
155.49

DURACION EN MIN.
28.83
46.93
53.54
57.84
61.09
63.74
72.73
78.56
82.98
112.70
128.59

70

80

198.13

DURACION EN MIN.
45
37.24
42.49
45.89
48.47
50.58
57.71
62.33
65.84
89.42
102.03

60
32.07
36.59
39.52
41.74
43.56
49.69
53.68
56.70
77.01
87.86

120
22.37
25.52
27.57
29.12
30.38
34.67
37.45
39.55
53.72
61.29

240
15.61
17.80
19.23
20.31
21.20
24.18
26.12
27.59
37.47
42.76

Coeficiente de Escurrimiento

Tipo

rea Km2

Bosque de Encino- Pino


Pastizal inducido

19.255
3.18
22.44

Cpromedio=

Coeficiente
"C"
0.15
0.05

rea * C
2.89
0.16
3.05

0.14

Mtodo Racional Americano

Q=0 . 278cI Ac
Tr (Aos)
50
500
1000

I mm/hr
72.73
112.70
128.59

Cpromedio
0.14
0.14
0.14

rea (Km2)
22.44
22.44
22.44

Q (m3/s)
61.61
95.47
108.93

Intereses relacionados